US268307A - John w - Google Patents

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US268307A US268307DA US268307A US 268307 A US268307 A US 268307A US 268307D A US268307D A US 268307DA US 268307 A US268307 A US 268307A
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    • A47C17/00Sofas; Couches; Beds
    • A47C17/52Cabinet beds; Table beds, or like beds; Wardrobe beds


,(No Model.)
Patented Nov. 28
1 WM W u. PIIYERS. Phommho m lm. wnhin mn. D. C.
ATTACHMENT FOR FOLDING AND M OVABLE FURNITURE SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 268,307, dated November 28, 1882. Application filed March 31, 1882. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN W. STANTON, a citizen of the United 'States, residing at the city of New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Attachments for Folding and Movable Furniture, of which the following is a specification.
I shall describe my improvement as applied to cabinet-bedsteads, although it is equally applicable to analogous articles of furniture.
My invention relates to certain attachments to cabinet -bedsteads, which compels them, when being unfolded, to move forward automatically at one and the same movement, thereby obviating the necessity of drawing them from the wall as a preliminary to unfolding.
It further relates to the use of a track or way for the support and guidance of the rollers, of a locking-flap to retain the bed in a permanent position when open, and to a supporting block or rest for the head of the bed when open.
I have found by experience thatwhen many 2 5 kinds of cabinet-bedsteads are operated they must be first withdrawn a sufficient distance from the wall to enable them to be opened. This operation requires two distinct movements and the exertion of considerable physi- 0 cal force, and is the source of inconvenience, and is otherwise objectionable. This is the casewith cabinet-bedsteads made in accordance with my Letters Patent No. 213,001 and No. 223,770, which admit of a cabinet-bed- 3 5 stead being operated with smaller applied force than those of any other construction. It is also the case with all cabinet-bedsteads which require to be drawn away from their location against the wall prior to being opened.
40 I have found that it is always difficult to determine the exact distance that such bedsteads must be Withdrawn. The result is either that when the bedstead is not drawn forward asufficient distance the wall of the room is liable .5 to be defaced, or that the position of the bedstead, when too far withdrawn, must afterward be readjusted, thus giving rise to additional labor and inconvenience. I have likewise found that when the bedstead is not drawn 5o forward in a straight line, the lateral movement which results from the employment of swiveled casters subjects the operative parts to undue strain.
The object of my invention is to overcome the defects pointed out.
In carrying out my invention, I provide certain new and useful devices, herein described, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which similar letters oil-reference indicate like parts, and wherein Figure 1 represents a side end of a cabinet-bedstead open with my improved attachment. Fig. 2 represents the same closed up. Fig. 3 represents the folding frame and certain detached details. Fig. 4 represents the stationary back piece with the 6 folding frame hinged thereto, the track or way, and the supporting-blockorrest in perspective.
A is a swinging frame, which is hinged or I pivoted at one side to acabinetdiedstead, and at the other side to a stationary back piece, B, or wall of a room, railway-oar, ships stateroom,orotherlocation. hVhen pivoted the pivotpins should be made removable, so as to permit the bedstead to be easily detached. The frame A ispreferably made rectangular in shape. 7 In its stead, however, may be substituted wooden or metal rods or slats, working either singly or connected together. It has at its opposite sides hinges a or slotsa, the latter to receive the pivot-pins Z1 and admit of their passing through and engaging within coincident slots on the bearinghlock. Metal slotted pieces may, however, be employed for the same purpose, to be attached to the frame and its connections in the same manner as hinges. 8 When such a frame or its equivalent is attached, as described, to a cabinet-bedstead at one extreme and to a stationary back piece or wall at the other it unfolds with the bedstead and changes from the vertical position shown in Fig. 2 to the position shown in Fig. l.
H is a track or way, either plain or grooved, which is intended to act as asupport and guide for the rollers. The use of this track or way is, however, not essential to the operation of 9 5 my device. In its absence the rollers or casters rest upon the floor. Rollers are preferred to swiveled casters, as the former permit of a movement in a straight line only and prevent lateral motion. 10c
K isa bracket attached to the stationary back piece, B, and to the track or way H, providing a firmly-braced structure, and serving as a guide on each side to confine the movement of the bedstead to a straight line.
E is a supporting-block or rest for the rear section, D, of the bedstead when the same is fully open. It is secured either to the inside of the bracket K or to the stationary back B. This block acts as a support or rest for the head of the bedstead when the same is fully opened and prevents the bedstead from strikingandjarring the frame A and its connections.
F is an upper foldi ng flap, hinged to the rear section of the bedstead, or it can be hinged to a projecting molding-piece or shelf, G. \Vhen this flap is in position when the bed is open it serves as a pillow'rest.
Its main function, however, is to retain the bedstead in position and to prevent its tipping when pressure is, applied to its outward end.
0 is a block attached to the under part of the rear section, D, to which one side of the frame A is hinged or pivoted.
The operation of my device is obvious. The cabinet-bedstead is gently drawn forward so as to cause it to open. By the same operation the frame A is caused to swing outward and downward. The rear end of the frame A being confined by the stationary back or wall B, the end of which is attached to the bedstead, nioves outwardly in the are of a circle and as it unfolds pushes the bedstead in a straight line forward on its rollers until the limit of its movement is reached. Coincident with the full development of these movements, the rear section of the bedstead strikes and rests upon the supporting-block E. The flap F, being turned up or down, according as itis hinged below or above.,fills the space between the rear section ot'the bedstead and the molding piece or shelf G, thereby acting as a lock and rendering the bedstead immovable and rigid.
One of the principal advantages secured by this construction is the substitution of a stationary back orheadboard for the objectionable device for the same purpese which in many cabinet-bedsteads is attached to and made part of the bedstead, thereby necessitating the use of counterbalaiming-weights and complicated connections. The employment of the stationary back B permits the use of a substantial shelf or bracket upon which may rest, undisturbed by the action of the bedstead, a book-case, cabinet, or other ornamental and useful cabinet-case or head-piece.
I do not herein claim a stationary head-board for folding cabinet-bedsteads provided with ways H; nor do I herein claim, in a cabinet folding bedstead, the combination of a stationary head-board provided with forwardly-projecting track, and having folding sections provided with foldiuglegs or braces, and aswinging connecting-frame between the rear section and the head-boards, as these are included in another application filed by me on October 21, 1881, Serial No. 44,270.
What I claim is- 1. The frame A, hinged or pivoted at one extreme to a folding bedstead and at its opposite extreme to a stationary back or immovable wall, substantially as described.
2. 1n a folding bedstead, the supporting block or rest E, attached either to the side bracket. K, or to the stationary back B, substantially as described.
3. In a folding bedstead, the folding locking-flap F, in combination with the molding piece or shelf G, and rear section, D, substantially as described.
4. In a folding bedstead, the combination of the rollers J and the track or way H with the swinging frame A and the supportingblock E, substantially as described.
A cabinet folding bedstead composed of two folding sections having folding legs or braces, a stationary head-board and intermediate hinged connection between one of said sections and head-board, substantially as described.
6. The combination, in a folding cabinetbedstead, of a stationary head-board having a forwardly-projecting track of folding sections, being provided with folding legs or braces, substantially as described.
B. J. GUMMINs, Louis LEVY.
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