US2650368A - Bathroom construction - Google Patents

Bathroom construction Download PDF

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US2650368A
US2650368A US166803A US16680350A US2650368A US 2650368 A US2650368 A US 2650368A US 166803 A US166803 A US 166803A US 16680350 A US16680350 A US 16680350A US 2650368 A US2650368 A US 2650368A
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partition
construction
wall
bathroom
shower
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Evans Randolph
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03CDOMESTIC PLUMBING INSTALLATIONS FOR FRESH WATER OR WASTE WATER; SINKS
    • E03C1/00Domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water; Sinks
    • E03C1/01Domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water; Sinks for combinations of baths, showers, sinks, wash-basins, closets, urinals, or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D11/00Passenger or crew accommodation; Flight-deck installations not otherwise provided for
    • B64D11/02Toilet fittings

Description

Sept- 1, 1953 R. l-:vANs 2,650,368 l BATHROOM CONSTRUCTION I Filed June `8.11950 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 illimmnmmmlrr ATTORNEY u Sept. 1, 1953 R. EVANS BATHROOM CONSTRUCTION 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 8, 1950 Sept. 1, 1953 Fe. EVANS BATHROOM CONSTRUCTION 4 Sheets-Sheet C5 Filed June 8. 1950 Sept. l, 1953 R. EVANS BATHROOM CONSTRUCTION 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed June 8. 1950 CORR/Doff ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 1, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BATHROOM CONSTRUCTION Randolph Evans, Bronxville, N. Y.

Application June 8, 1950, Serial No. 166,803

11 Claims.

This invention relates to a bathroom construction. More particularly, the invention relates to a bathroom construction in which lavatory, shower and toilet facilities are provided, and overlapping, communicating and changeable compartments for said facilities.

There is a definite need in hotels, dwelling houses, finished attics, finished basements, rooming houses, motels, tourist cabins, private cabins, farm houses, ships, aircraft and the like for lavatory, shower and toilet facilities individual to each bedroom. Conventional lavatory, shower and toilet facilities occupy excessive or disproportionate floor space in quarters having limited or confined floor areas. The cost factor of conventional lavatory, shower and toilet facilities is also frequently excessive and indeed even prohibitive in some of the installations above considered. Consequently, many hotelrooms, rooms in boarding and rooming houses, motels, tourist cabins, private cabins, farm houses, dwelling houses in urban areas, finished attics, finished basements, ships, sleeping ears, aircraft and the like are without such facilities, to the discomfort of their guests or the people who live there.

It is the principal object of this invention to provide lavatory, shower and toilet facilities in a sompact, packaged, and in a sense prefabricated, form. The bathroom construction which is herein provided, comprises the toilet, shower and lavatory facilities proper, as well as the compartments which accommodate them, and the room enclosure itself, including its means for changing the compartment arrangement. Thus the ccmpartments are arranged one way when the toilet is in use, another way when the shower is in use, and a third way when passage is desired between compartments. When the lavatory is in use, the compartments are arranged in the same manner in which they are arranged for the use of the shower.

Although this invention may be applied to hotels, private homes, tourist cabins, ships, aircraft, railroad sleeping cars and the like, as above enumerated, for purposes of convenience and clarity it will hereinafter be described solely in` terms of its application to hotel use. This of course should not be construed as limiting the invention or its application in any respect.

The average small or medium-sized hotel room has a floor area of between 100 and 150 square feet. The bathroom construction herein described and claimed occupies one of the corners or other parts of the room and a floor space of "between 12 and 15 square feet. Stated diiferently,

this bathroom construction would occupy approximately one-eighth of the oor space of the average small size room and approximately onetenth to one-twelth of the floor space of the average medium size room. This should be contrasted with the floor space generally occupied by conventional bathrooms having the same facilities, which constitutes approximately half of the iioor area of an average-sized hotel room.

The bathroom construction comprising the present invention is prefabricated in the sense that several of its major component parts may be completely fabricated at the factory and shipped unassembled to the place of installation. These component parts may be assembled and installed by local-craftsmen. Thus the bathroom iixtures, that is the toilet, shower fixtures and wash basin or combination wash basin and vanity may be conventional in every respect and. shipped cornplete and ready for installation. Other component parts of the present construction may also be shipped complete and ready for installation. Reference is here made to such component parts as the swinging partition, walls, ceiling and floor, hereinafter more fully described. Installation of these component parts and of the plumbing facilities should, of course, be in strict accordance with the rules, regulations and requirements of local law, and local customs and practices, and by means of the services of local contractors and local craftsmen. The present room construction need not, however, be completely prefabricated and it may be built or constructed in the very place of its installation. The present room construction may be prefabricated to supply the demand for prefabricated units of this kind, but where custom or local built bathroom facilities are desired or required, the present construction may be fabricated on the job.

One of the most unusual and effective features of the bathroom construction herein described and claimed is the arrangement of Aits three sanitary facilities or lixtures. As has above been stated, the present bathroom construction may occupy one of the corners of a hotel room or any other suitable portion of its floor space. i Thus it may Very nicely t into a recess formed between a pair of closets situated in spaced relationat opposite ends of the same wall. Nonetheless, for purposes of illustration the invention will be shown and described in its application to a corner of the room, and more particularly to a corner of a hotel room.

Speaking broadly, the bathroom construction constituting the present invention occupies a roughly triangular space whose apex or vertex is the corner of the room. Situated adjacentV said apeX or vertex, but slightly off to the side of the bisecting line, is the toilet bowl. On the opposite side of the bisecting lineis the wash basin or combination wash basin and vanity. The shower is farthest removed from said apex or vertex and it is on the same side of the bisecting line as the toilet bowl. Again speaking broadly, these three fixtures are arranged to occupy the three corners of an approximately 90 triangle, wherein the toilet bowl is situated at the 90 angle, the shower is situated at the 60 angle and the wash bowl at the 30 angle. This angular arrangement is, of course, only approximate.

Another unusual and important feature of the present invention is its wall and partition construction. It has three iixed walls and one movable wall or partition. Two of the xed walls may be the room walls themselves or they may be aiiixed to the room walls. The third Arlxed wall constitutes half oi the shower stall enclosure. It may be vsemi-circular lor angular in horizontal and transverse section. In its preferred form, said 'third fixed wall is convexlv semi-circular and itis equidistant at all points from `the geometrical vcenter of the shower. Al-

though this is a normally Afixed wall, it may nonewalls which are joined at the pivotal Vaxis at an angle of approximately 50, and an end wall which is substantially semi-circular in horizontal section and which joins the free ends `of vthe two Side walls. The semi-circular wall of said 4swinging partition is convex on the side facing the pivotal axis and vconcave on the side facing away from said axis.

The pivotal axis of this triangular, swingable partition is located adjacent the vertex of the entire room construction, that is adjacent the corner of the hotel room in which said room construction is installed, and it is swin'gable between the two fixed 'walls of said room construction. When said triangular partition is swung to the wall adjacent the wash basin, its semicircular end wall constitutes the `fourth wall of the entire room construction, completely closing said room construction. All that `may be seen from the outside, therefore, are the semi-circular wall which partly encloses the shower and the semi-circular end wall of the triangular -partition. The convex side of the semi-circular .shower wall and the concave side of the semicircular end wall of the partition are exposed to view. When the triangular partition is swung toward the wall adjacent the toiletand shower fixtures, the combination wash -basin and vanity are thereby opened to view and rendered available for use. When the triangular partition is in vthis position, its semi-circular end wall faces the semi-circular xed wall of the room construction and a circular or cylindrical shower stallor `compartment is thereby provided vbetween them.

The triangular partition maybe stated to have three key positions: open, `closed and intermediate. When it is in open position, the wash basin is exposed to view and to use and the shower stall is completely formed and also available for use. When the triangular partition is in its closed position, the wash basin is hidden from View and it is not available for use. The toilet and shower compartments are, however, in communication with each other and the toilet is available for use. Similarly Ythe shower compartment and toilet compartment combined constitute a single, enlarged compartment which may be used in preparing for the shower or in dressing after the shower. When the triangular partition is in an intermediate position, all three compartments are brought into communication with each other. It therefore becomes possible to walk from the wash basin compartment to the shower compartment and from the shower compartment to the toilet compartment. By the same token, it thereby becomes possible to pass into the shower compartment from the toilet compartment and then into the wash basin compartment from the 'shower compartment.

The bathroom construction constituting the present invention may `also have a ceiling fand a oor, in addition to its three iixed walls and its swing-able partition. Said ceiling and licor may be completely independent of the ceiling and floor of the hotel room in which said bathroom construction is installed. Any suitable materials may be utilized in the present bathroom construction. Illustrative are plywood and enameled sheet metal for the walls, movable partition and ceiling. The floor imay be made of wood with a 'linoleum covering in the wash basin or lavatory compartment. Concrete flooring may be used in the shower stall. Tile would be suitable for the toilet compartment. These materials are illustrative of the many materials which may be used in connection with the present invention. It is important to emphasize the decorative aspects of the present invention. When the swingable partition is in its closed position, its semi-circular end wall constitutes a decorative screen which closes the bathroom construction herein described and claimed. For decorative purposes, said semi-circular end wall vmay be provided with an ornamental design in enamel baked on metal or it may be provided with 'a polished metal surface, polished aluminum being preferred.

Preferred foms of this invention are shown in the accompanying drawing for purposes of illustration, not `of limitation. 'In this drawing,

Fig. l is a front perspective view of the room construction as a whole, showing the combination wash basin and vanity open to view and available for use.

Fig. 2 is a `sectional view looking downwardly on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1. Y

Fig. 3 is a View somewhat similar to that of Fig. l, showing the triangular partition in its intermediate position to provide passage to or from the shower compartment, toilet compartment and lavatory compartment.

Fig. 4 is a sectional view, similar to that of Fig. 2, taken on the .line 4 4 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 isa perspective view somewhat similar to the views -of Figs. l and 3, showing the triangular partition in closed position.

Fig. 6 is a sectional view somewhat similar to the sectional views of Figs. 2 and 4, taken on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5.

Fig. '7 is a vertical section taken on the -line y'I---l of Fig. 4.

" above.

Fig.` 8 is another vertical section taken on the line 8-8 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 9 is a top view of the entire room construction, the walls thereof being shown in horizontal section, and the ceiling being shown with the curved track which supports the free end of the triangular partition and with some of the electrical wiring which is connected to the electric light xtures of said room construction.

Fig. 10 is an enlarged fragmentary view in section on the line I-l0 of Fig. 9.

Fig. 11 is adiagrammatic perspective of the drainage and `vent systems of the room construction.

Iig. 12 is a diagrammatic perspective of the water supply system of said room construction.

Fig. 13 is a top View, partly in horizontal section, showing four room construction units made in accordance with the present invention, and

hooked up to a common water supply and drainagesystem. Two of these units show a triangular partition similar` to the triangular partition shown in the other figures of the drawing.

` The remaining two units show a triangular door `or partition which is somewhat different in shape from the triangular partition above referred to. The` bathroom construction herein claimed o maybe installed between two walls 20 and 2l respectively which meet to form a corner of a room, such `as a hotel room. Although these two walls may also constitute two of the walls of the claimed bathroom constructoin, as a matter of good. practice it ma;7 be found desirable to provide two additional wallsA 22 and 23 respectively for said bathroom construction proper. These two additionalwalls may or may not be prefabricated and they may be fastened flat against the permanent `walls 20 and 2l of the hotel room. By way of illustration, walls 22 and 23 may be made of pressed wood or plywood with a simulated tile facing.

The bathroom construction herein claimed is also provided with a raised iloor 25 and a ceiling 26. Floor25 of the bathroom construction may be installed directly upon` iloor 21 of the hotel room. Ceiling 26 may or may not be `installed l directly against the ceiling `of the hotel room. 1An important consideration is the height of the permanent ceiling of the hotel room. An unoccupied or empty space between the ceiling of the bathroom construction and the permanent l ceiling of the hotel room may perhaps detract from the appearance of the entire installation.

A further consideration is the problemof supo plying adequate ventilation to `the bathroom construction and in some installations it may be found desirable .to provide Ventilating ducts4 in the space between the ceiling of the hotel room under discussion and the oor of the hotel room In such `case it wouldprobably` be 4undesirable to spacethe ceiling of the bathroom construction from the permanent ceiling of the hotel room.

Both ceiling 26 and floor 25 `may be hollow,

p at least in part, to accommodate the electrical, Ventilating and plumbing systems of the installation. Thus hollow ceiling 26 may accommodate electric wires 28 and 29 which are connected to `the lighting xtures 'of the bathroom construction.

It may also be seen in Fig. l()` that the hollow ceiling may accommodate an arcuate track 30 which supports the free end of the movable triangular-partition. As the drawing clear- Y. ly shows, the `hollow floor accommodates the drainage pipes of the plumbing `system `of `the -6 bathroom construction under discussion. If desired, these drainage pipes may be run through the space which separates oor 2T of the hotel room from'the ceiilng of the hotel room below.

It will be noted that hollow floor 25 bulges out opposite its corner to form two convex edges `32 and 33 respectively. The hollow ceiling 26 has two corresponding convex edges 34 and 35 respectively. Joining the two convex edges 32 and 34 is a curved wall 36 which constitutes the third wall of the bathroom construction. Reference to Fig. 2 will disclose the fact that this `curved wall is substantially semi-circular" in horizontal, transverse section. A narrow post 38 stands between the free edge of side wall 22 and the adjacent edge of curved wall 36. Hinges 33 on said post 38 support the curved wall 36 so that although said curved wall is a permanent and in a sense fixed wall of the bathroom construction herein claimed, it may nonetheless be swung to open position for emergency or other purposes. Catches or latches 40 or any other suitable fastening means may be employed to fasten the oposite side edge of curved wall 36 to the floor and ceiling. Curved wall 36 is snug against post 38 when said wall is in closed position, as viewed in Figs. 2, 4 and 6.

The lower edge of curved wall 36 is snug against convex edge 32 of floor 25 and the upper edge of said curved wall is snug against convex edge 34 of ceiling 26. A water-tight closure is thereby lyadjacent the free edge of side wall 23. The

space between post 4I and the latched side edge of curved wall 36, and between convex portion 33 of the floor and convex portion 35 of the ceiling constitutes the doorway of said bathroom construction, and it is throughthis space that ingress and egress may be had. The door to said p doorway is the triangular partition above l pivotal axis.

mentioned. This -partition is mounted o`n hinges 46 which are fastened to side wall 23 adjacent the corner of said bathroom construction. The

`relationship between the pivotal axis of lthe triangular partition and convex edges 33 and 35 of the floor and ceiling is such that said convex edges are equidistant at all points from said Triangular partition 45 is hollow and it has two l` side Walls 41 and 48 respectively and an end wall 49. The two Aside walls are joined to each other `at the back end of the partition and their lin'e of joinder parallels and lies adjacent the pivotal axis of said partition. The angular distance between the two side walls is approximately 50". End wall 49 joins the two free, spaced edges of said side walls 4i and 46 andsaid end wall 49 constitutes the front end of said partition. As is clearly shown `in Fig. 4, end wall 49 is substantially semi-circular in horizontal section, with its convex side facing backwardly and in the direction of the hinges of said partition, and its concave side facing forwardly and in the opposite direction from said hinges. Y

When the triangular partition is swung to the i position which it is shown to occupy in Fig. 2, its

curved end wall 49 `cooperates with the curved 7 wall .36 of the bathroom construction to denne a cylindrical space therebetween. This cylindrical lspace or enclosure constitutes the shower stall of said bathroom construction. A water drain 50 is provided in the door in the approximate center of said shower stall to drain `olf the water therefrom. A drain pipe '51 is connected to said drain and it is hooked `into the permanent plumbing system of the building in conventional kinanner as is clearly shown in Fig. 11. `This will hereinail-,er Vmore :fully appear. l

A vertical enclosure 53 is provided on oneside of the shower stall, ,between post 38 and side wall 22. vThe hot and cold water pipes 54 rand 55 'respectively project upwardly through ,said enclosure and communicate through a common pipe 56 with a shower head 'or spray 56a. Control valves 51 control the flow of hot and cold water through said pipes in the usual manner. These hot and cold water .pipes 54 and 55 are connected to the permanent water supply system of the .building in conventional manner as Fig. l2 Aclearly shows. Details of this arrangement will hereinafter -be set forth. .A light fixture 58 is provided in the ceiling -ol the bathroom construction under discussion, in vthe center of the shower stall. Electric wires 28 above mentioned are Tconnected tosaid light -xture .'58 in the conventional manner .and a conventional switch is provided to control the current toisaid fixture.

Situated between the yshower and the corner of the bathroom construction is the toilet 80. lt is situated 'adjacent wall 22. Combination wash basin and vanity '61 is 'situated adjacent wall '23 approximately midway between the .cor- 1 ner `of said bathroom construction and post 4l. `A drain pipe 63 may be connected to the toilet and a drain pipe Al! may be connected to the wash basin. By the :same token, Yhot and cold water pipes 55 and `(i6 of the wash basin may be lconnected to the same Vpermanent water `supply source that water pipes 54 and -55of the shower are connected. Similarly inletl pipe 61 of the toilet Ymay be lconnected to the same-source of supply that 4cold water Apipes 55 and -`lili are lconnected. See 12.

A light .fixture 68 may `be mounted on -ceilin 25 above the wash basin. Electric wires |29 are 'connected to said light xture. Wires 28 `and 29 vmay `extend through the hollow ceiling and ybe connected -to each other and to a comino-n vsource of Velectric current. All of the electrical work should be done in accordance with conventional practices and with loc-a1 laws.

It has abo-ve been stated that hollow, triangular partition 45 is mounted on hinges 4B. It may be -found desirable to support said triangular .partition by means of track 30 above mentioned. This Ytrack is fastened to the ceiling -26 by means of .brackets 1o. It is `a curved track which is equidistant at all points from the pivotal axis of .hinges 4B. Any suitable type of track may be employed .for 'the purpose of this invention and hanger I2 which is fastened to the top ofthe partition. Two such trolley hangers may be used,

each being connected to one ofthe two-sidewalls of the triangular partition.

Figs. 2, 4 and A-6 show three diierent positions of the triangular partition. When said partition Vii() 8 fis swung in clockwise direction '(as viewed in Fig. 2) as far as it will go, that is to 'its positionillustrated in said Fig. 2, the doorway to the entire 'bathroom construction will Vbe wide'open. Nevertheless, only the wash basin will thereby become accessible to a person on the outside Vof the vbathroom construction. Wall 48 of the triangular partition closes oi the shower and toilet. In order to gain 4access to said shower `and toilet, the triangular partition must be swung in counter-clockwise direction until it reaches the position which it is shown to occupy in Fig. 4. It is :now possible to enter the shower stall by simply taking the path indicated by arrow 14. By the same token it is possible to follow the path indicated by arrow 15 in order to pass through the shower stall and into the toilet compartment. lShould it be desired to .use the shower, the triangular partition will be swung back in clockwise direction from its position .in Fig. 4 to its position in Fig. 2. The toilet may be rendered accessible -by swinging the triangular partition in counter-clockwise direction until it reaches the position which it is shown .to 4occupy .in Fig. 6. The toilet and shower compartments are now open to each other to -providearather commodious augmented enclosure. lIt will be noted that when the door or partition is in its Fig. 6 position, its curved -end wall 49 serves to close off the doorway to the bathroom construction asa whole. When the `partition .is in this closed position, none oi. the Vfacilities of the .bathroom construction are accessible or available to a person on the outside of said bathroom construction. ItV will be apparent that a rather attractive appearance .is affordedby the arrangement thus described and specifically shown in Fig. 6. The concave wall 49 of the triangular partition may constitute a decorative screen. Said concave wall presents a continuous surface with convex wall v36 to provide what may be described as an S-shaped outer wall of the bathroom construction herein described and claimed.

Itw-ill be noted that vthere are times when the triangular partition overlaps at 'least two of' the facilities above mentioned. Thus in Fig. 2 it overlaps the toilet and in Fig. 6 it overlaps, and indeed covers, the combination 'wash basin and vanity. It will be clear from this fact, and from an examination of Figs. 1 'and 3, that the hollow triangular partition must be provided with a cutout or recess in its lower portion. Actually, Vits two side walls do not extend to the floor 'of the Ybathroom construction, but rather only as far down as Vthey may go while yet clearing both the toilet and the combination wash basin and vanity. The end wall 49, however, does extend the full distance from the ceiling `to the oor as Figs. l3 and 5 clearly show. Thus what actually happens when the partition is swung to its Fig. 6 position is that it receives the wash .basin and vanity within its said cutout or recess 180. When the partition is swung in the opposite direction to its Fig. 2 position, the same cutout or recess 80 will accommodate the toilet.

The bathroom construction `above described may be provided with numerous conveniences Vshelf 82 may be provided in the cabinet of said combination unit. Shelves 83 and 84 maybe built into the triangular partition on 'the side facinglsaid wash basin and vanity. A towel rod or rack 85 may be .mounted on the'same side of 9 said triangular partition. A handle 86 may similarly be provided on the same side of the triangular partition so thatit may be pulled from its Fig. 1 to its Fig. 3 position. Another handle 81 may be mounted on curved end wall 49 of said partition so that it may be pulled open from its Fig. 5 position. On the opposite side of the triangular partition, that is on the side facing the toi1et,ibuiltin shelves 90 and 9| may be provided, as well as clothes hooks 92 and a toilet tissue well 93. If desired, a medicine cabinet may similarly be installed on the toilet side of the triangular partition.

Figs. 11 and 12 illustrate the entire plumbing system of the bathroom construction above described. Thus it will be seen in Fig. 12 that hot water pipe 54 which feeds the shower and hot water pipe 65 which feeds the water basin communicate through a common pipe |06 with a common source of hot water supply. Similarly Coldwater pipes 55, 66 and 6'! communicate with a common pipe I which is connected to a common source of cold water supply. Fig. 11 shows that drain pipe of the shower, drain pipe 63 of the `toilet and drain pipe 64 of the wash basin all lead into a common drain pipe |02 which, in turn, drains into the main drain pipe |03 of the building. Similarly vent pipes |04, |05 and |06 communicate, respectively, with drain pipes 5|, 63 and 64. Vents |04 and |06 communicate with vent |05 and said vent |05'in turn communicates with main vent |01 of the building.

Fig. 13 shows how four bathroom construction units of the character herein described and claimed may be installed in four separate rooms on the same floor of `a hotel building. The four rooms are identified in the drawing as rooms A, B, C and D respectively. A wall ||0 separates rooms A and B, a wall separates rooms C and D, a wall |I2 separates rooms A and B from the corridor, and wall ||3 separates rooms C and AD from `the corridor. Bathroom construction units AA and BB are similar to the bathroom construction unit above described. Bathroom construction units CC and DD on the other hand are slightly different. Bathroom units AA and BB have semi-circular permanent walls 36 and semi-circular end walls 49 on their respective swingable partitions. Unit AA shows the swingable partition in closed position and unit BB shows the partition in open position. In AA the stall shower is open tothe toilet compartment and in BB it is closed. Units CC and DD are provided with angular walls 36a in place of semi-circular walls 36, and with angular end walls 49a in place of semi-circular end walls 46. Bathroom unit CC shows how angular walls 36a and 49a cooperate with each other to form a substantially square shower stall between them. The position of swingable partition 45a in unit CC corresponds to the position of swingable partition 45 in unit BB. The position of swingable partition 45a in unit DD corresponds to the position of swingable partition 45 in unit AA.

The four bathroom construction umts shown in Fig. 13 are installed without natural ventilation. 'Ihus in rooms A and B windows |20 and |2| respectively are installed in outer wall |22 of the building, in spaced relation to the bathroom units AA and BB. The windows in rooms C and D are also far removed from bathroom construction units CC and DD respectively. Hence mechanical Ventilation is required for these installations. Interrupted lines and |26 are intended to represent ducts leading to the building of a preferred formof this invention and it will be clearly understood that this forni may be modified in many ways and other forms may be provided within the broad scope and spirit of this invention. Thus, as has above been indicated, the invention is applicable not only to showers, lavatories and toilets, but also to other bathroom facilities and to kitchen facilities as well. For the purpose o f the claims, the following terminology will be used; all bathroom and kitchen facilities will be described collectively as sanitary facilities or sanitary fixtures. All bathroom facilities, including a wash basin, combination wash basin and vanity, shower, bathtub and toilet will collectively be described as bathroom facilities or bathroom ixtures.

I claim:

1. In a room construction of the character described, a plurality of sanitary facilities disposed in xed, spaced relation to each other in a coniined space, and a partition which is pivotally mounted in said confined space for movement from one position to another relative to said sanitary facilities, said partition being provided with a recess which registers with and receives at least one of said facilities when the partition is swung in the direction of said facility to conceal said facility.

2. In a bathroom construction `of the character described, a plurality of `sanitary fixtures disposed in fixed, spaced relation to each other in a relatively confined space, and a partition which is pivoted between two of said fixtures for swingable movement toward either of said two fixtures, said partition being relatively thick and provided with an opening to accommodate and conceal either` of said two fixtures.

3. In a bathroom construction of the character described, a group of three sanitary fixtures disposed in fixed, spaced relation in a confined space, and a partition between two of said sanitary fixtures, said partition being substantially triangular in horizontal section `and being pivotally mounted at one of its corners between said two sanitary fixtures for swingable movement in ythe direction of either of Vsaid two sanitary fixtures, said partition being provided with openings to accommodate either of said two xtures when the partition is swung in the direction of said fixture, to enable the partition to enter into over-hanging position relative thereto.

4. A bathroom construction of the character described, comprising a group of three sanitary fixtures disposed in fixed, spaced relation to each other, an enclosure for said fixtures, a doorway in said enclosure, and a partition which is swingable into open and closed position relative to said doorway, said partition being substantially triangular in horizontal section and having two side walls and an end waII, said partition being4 pivoted between two of said sanitary fixtures at the line of juncture between its two side walls for swingable movement toward either of said two fixtures, and being provided with openings in said side walls, to accommodate either of said two fixtures and .thereby to enter into overhanging position relative to either of said two fixtures, the end wall of the partition being in closed position relative to the doorway when the partition is in over-hanging position relative to` one of said two fixtures, the doorway being open whenl the partition isV in over-hangingposition relative to the other of said two fixtures.

5. A bathroom construction of the character described in claim 4, wherein the enclosure for the sanitary fixtures comprises a pair of side walls which are connected substantially at rightangles to each other and an end wall which is connected to the free end of only one of saidside walls, the doorway to said enclosure being provided between the free end of the other side wall of said enclosure and the free end of said end wal1 thereof.

6. A bathroom construction of the character described in claim 5, wherein one of the sanitary fixtures is situated adjacent one of the side walls ofthe enclosure, another sanitary Xtureis situ-r ated adjacent the second side wall of the enclosure, and the third xture is situated adjacent the end wall of the enclosure.

7. A bathroom construction of the character described in claim 6, wherein the swingable partition is pivotally supported by one of the side walls of the enclosure, between the two sanitary Xtures which are situated adjacent the two side walls of said enclosure.

8. A bathroom construction of the character described in claim '7, wherein the end wall of the enclosure is substantially semi-circular in horizontal section to enclose approximately half ci the sanitary xture which is situated adjacent said end wall of the enclosure, and wherein the end wall of the swngable partition is also substantially semi-circular in horizontal section to enclose the other half of said last-mentioned sanitary xture when said swingable partition is in over-hanging position relative to one of the sanitary xtures situated adjacent one of the side walls of the enclosure, the sides of said semicircular end wall of the swingable partition being thereby positioned immediately adjacent the sides of the semi-circular end wallv of the en closure, the concave faces of both end walls being oppositel and facing each other.

9. A bathroom construction of the character described, comprising a substantially triangular oor, a substantially triangular ceiling, a pair of side walls which are attached to each other at their back ends substantially at right angles relative to each other, said side walls being secured at their lower ends to the oor and being secured at their upper ends to the ceiling to support said ceiling above the floor, a substantially semicylindrical end wall whose concave side faces in the direction of the back ends of the side walls, said end wall being attached to the iront end oi one of said side walls vand being spaced from the front end of the other side wall to provide a doorway into and out of the enclosure dei-ined by said side and end walls, a toilet fixed to the oor adjacent one of said side walls, a wash stand xed to the oor adjacent the other of said side walls, a shower xture ai-Xed to the inside of the end wall, and a swingable partition'which is substantially triangular in cross-section, the

12 back ena of said swingabie partition 'being hingedl-y` supported by one of said side wall's be tween the toilet. and the wash stand, the iront end of said swirl-gable partition being substan tially semi-cylindrical in shape, itsconcave sidel facing the concave side of the semi-cylindrical' end wall when the swingable partition is one-` position relative to said semi-cylindrical end wall, said swingable partition being movable in one direction to a second position to bring its: semi` cylindrical front end into registration with theV doorway to close oli said doorway and being.'`

movable in the opposite direction to theirst position to bring its. semi-cylindrical iront Vend` into registration with the semi-cylindrical end wall to form a substantially cylindrical shower stallV therewith, one of' the sides of said swingable partition being recessed to receive the toilet when it is swung in the direction of said toilet, the. opposite side of said swingable partition being recessed to receive the wash stand when it is swung in the direction of said wash stand.

10. A room constructionoi the character described, comprising a floor, ceiling and walls, a

doorway in one of said walls, sanitary facilitieson said door in xed, spaced locations thereon and within the coniines` of said walls, and a hollow partition having a thick leading edge. and a narrowV back edge and taperingback from said thick leading edge to said narrow back edge, said partition being swingably mounted on its narrow back edge a spaced distance from said doorway to bring its leading edge into and out of registration with the doorway, said leading edge-being' as thick as the doorway is wideto close said doorway when it is brought into registration thereV with, at least one of said sanitary facilities being f situated adjacent one side of the swingablel parti-1 l tion and said partition having a recess' formed in said side for registration with said sanitary facility toreceive said sanitary Iacility when the partition is swung in the direction of said sanitary facility.

11. A room construction in accordance with claim 10, wherein a secondl sanitary facility isA situated adjacent the opposite side of the swing-- able partition and said partition is provided withv a recess formed in said opposite side for registration with said second sanitary facility to receive said second sanitary facility when the par tition is swung in the direction of said second sanitary facility.

Y l RANDOLPH References cited in the me of this patent UNITE-D STATES PATE-Nrs Great Britain Mar. 9, 1933

US166803A 1950-06-08 1950-06-08 Bathroom construction Expired - Lifetime US2650368A (en)

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Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4215444A (en) * 1979-05-02 1980-08-05 Brown William T Shower stall
FR2553991A1 (en) * 1983-10-29 1985-05-03 Harvey Peter Installation combining a toilet and a shower or bathtub
DE3704890A1 (en) * 1987-02-17 1988-08-25 Wolf Geb Wieber Rita Shower cubicle
FR2616821A1 (en) * 1987-06-17 1988-12-23 Kaplan Benjamin Bathroom of small size
EP0386559A1 (en) * 1989-03-04 1990-09-12 Altura Leiden Holding B.V. Shower partition
US5093941A (en) * 1989-10-19 1992-03-10 Mueller Harald G Transportable, disassemblable cabin
US5375380A (en) * 1992-08-14 1994-12-27 Jones; Ian Building extension
US5437065A (en) * 1990-06-01 1995-08-01 Sakawa Co., Ltd. Booths for toilets
DE19651451A1 (en) * 1996-12-11 1997-05-07 Markus Lauerer Sanitary unit with basin and toilet
DE19711308A1 (en) * 1997-03-18 1998-09-24 Winfried Staudenmayer Built-in sanitary furniture unit for hotels
US6185759B1 (en) 1997-03-18 2001-02-13 Winfried Staudenmayer Built-in sanitary furniture unit
EP1167642A2 (en) * 2000-06-19 2002-01-02 VILLEROY & BOCH AG Sanitary element
US6604709B1 (en) * 2002-02-20 2003-08-12 The Boeing Company Dot (department of transportation) lavatory and shower combination
US6615421B2 (en) * 2000-11-22 2003-09-09 Jamco Corporation Expandable lavatory unit for aircraft
US20030177572A1 (en) * 2002-03-22 2003-09-25 Jeanne Guerin Aircraft passenger cleansing system
US20040163170A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2004-08-26 Cooper Ben M. Dual purpose lavatory
US20050001097A1 (en) * 2002-07-19 2005-01-06 Bruno Saint-Jalmes Aircraft cabin module for passengers
DE10037758B4 (en) * 1999-08-12 2005-09-01 Friedrich Pleitner wet cell
US20050210576A1 (en) * 2004-03-23 2005-09-29 The Boeing Company Shower System
US20060064815A1 (en) * 2004-09-24 2006-03-30 The Boeing Company Mist Delivery System
US20080265092A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2008-10-30 Cooper Ben M Methods and apparatus for an aircraft lavoratory
US20080289099A1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-27 Skinner Jerald P Portable disability bath
US20100101013A1 (en) * 2008-10-27 2010-04-29 Lufthansa Technik Ag Modular Shower Cabin For Aircrafts
WO2010088751A1 (en) * 2009-02-05 2010-08-12 Miguel Saliby Neto Sanitary module
US20120119029A1 (en) * 2009-07-23 2012-05-17 Airbus Operations Gmbh Monument for a cabin of a vehicle
US20120325964A1 (en) * 2010-04-20 2012-12-27 Be Aerospace, Inc. Space efficient lavatory module for commercial aircraft
EP2803578A1 (en) * 2013-05-15 2014-11-19 Airbus Operations GmbH Expandable aircraft monument
US20140339360A1 (en) * 2013-05-15 2014-11-20 Airbus Operations Gmbh Modifiable aircraft monument
US20140339361A1 (en) * 2013-05-15 2014-11-20 Airbus Operations Gmbh Aircraft area
US20150266582A1 (en) * 2012-10-10 2015-09-24 The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd. Aircraft Lavatory Unit
US20150289724A1 (en) * 2014-04-11 2015-10-15 Gloria A. Welch Doorless spiral shower enclosure
USD749709S1 (en) 2011-04-18 2016-02-16 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
WO2018183718A1 (en) * 2017-03-30 2018-10-04 Wilco Partnership, Llc Toilet/shower combination fixture
US10189571B2 (en) * 2014-02-24 2019-01-29 Airbus Operations Gmbh Module for an aircraft cabin with a seat fastened to a door

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GB388886A (en) * 1931-12-14 1933-03-09 James John Leaver Improvements in, or relating to, fraud-preventing doors and entrances to public lavatories
US2142396A (en) * 1937-07-06 1939-01-03 Wilfred R Humphries Interior building construction
US2200934A (en) * 1938-07-28 1940-05-14 Frederick P Platt Space gaining structure for building constructions
US2396992A (en) * 1944-10-04 1946-03-19 Evans Randolph Bathroom unit
US2419319A (en) * 1945-04-09 1947-04-22 Lankton Joel Fletcher Portable utility building core unit

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB388886A (en) * 1931-12-14 1933-03-09 James John Leaver Improvements in, or relating to, fraud-preventing doors and entrances to public lavatories
US2142396A (en) * 1937-07-06 1939-01-03 Wilfred R Humphries Interior building construction
US2200934A (en) * 1938-07-28 1940-05-14 Frederick P Platt Space gaining structure for building constructions
US2396992A (en) * 1944-10-04 1946-03-19 Evans Randolph Bathroom unit
US2419319A (en) * 1945-04-09 1947-04-22 Lankton Joel Fletcher Portable utility building core unit

Cited By (66)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4215444A (en) * 1979-05-02 1980-08-05 Brown William T Shower stall
FR2553991A1 (en) * 1983-10-29 1985-05-03 Harvey Peter Installation combining a toilet and a shower or bathtub
DE3704890A1 (en) * 1987-02-17 1988-08-25 Wolf Geb Wieber Rita Shower cubicle
FR2616821A1 (en) * 1987-06-17 1988-12-23 Kaplan Benjamin Bathroom of small size
EP0386559A1 (en) * 1989-03-04 1990-09-12 Altura Leiden Holding B.V. Shower partition
US5093941A (en) * 1989-10-19 1992-03-10 Mueller Harald G Transportable, disassemblable cabin
US5437065A (en) * 1990-06-01 1995-08-01 Sakawa Co., Ltd. Booths for toilets
US5375380A (en) * 1992-08-14 1994-12-27 Jones; Ian Building extension
DE19651451C2 (en) * 1996-12-11 1998-08-13 Markus Lauerer Arrangement for the use of sanitary facilities in a confined space
DE19651451A1 (en) * 1996-12-11 1997-05-07 Markus Lauerer Sanitary unit with basin and toilet
DE19711308A1 (en) * 1997-03-18 1998-09-24 Winfried Staudenmayer Built-in sanitary furniture unit for hotels
US6185759B1 (en) 1997-03-18 2001-02-13 Winfried Staudenmayer Built-in sanitary furniture unit
DE10037758B8 (en) * 1999-08-12 2005-12-15 Friedrich Pleitner wet cell
DE10037758B4 (en) * 1999-08-12 2005-09-01 Friedrich Pleitner wet cell
EP1167642A2 (en) * 2000-06-19 2002-01-02 VILLEROY & BOCH AG Sanitary element
EP1167642A3 (en) * 2000-06-19 2003-03-12 VILLEROY & BOCH AG Sanitary element
US6615421B2 (en) * 2000-11-22 2003-09-09 Jamco Corporation Expandable lavatory unit for aircraft
US6604709B1 (en) * 2002-02-20 2003-08-12 The Boeing Company Dot (department of transportation) lavatory and shower combination
US20030177572A1 (en) * 2002-03-22 2003-09-25 Jeanne Guerin Aircraft passenger cleansing system
US7354018B2 (en) * 2002-07-19 2008-04-08 Airbus Aircraft cabin module for passengers
US20050001097A1 (en) * 2002-07-19 2005-01-06 Bruno Saint-Jalmes Aircraft cabin module for passengers
WO2004076281A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2004-09-10 The Boeing Company Dual purpose lavatory
US20040163170A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2004-08-26 Cooper Ben M. Dual purpose lavatory
US7284287B2 (en) * 2003-02-21 2007-10-23 The Boeing Company Dual purpose lavatory
US20050210576A1 (en) * 2004-03-23 2005-09-29 The Boeing Company Shower System
US7168108B2 (en) 2004-03-23 2007-01-30 The Boeing Company Shower system
US20060064815A1 (en) * 2004-09-24 2006-03-30 The Boeing Company Mist Delivery System
US20080072376A1 (en) * 2004-09-24 2008-03-27 Jeanne Guerin Mist delivery system
US7454803B2 (en) 2004-09-24 2008-11-25 The Boeing Company Mist delivery system
US20080265092A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2008-10-30 Cooper Ben M Methods and apparatus for an aircraft lavoratory
US7866603B2 (en) * 2007-04-27 2011-01-11 The Boeing Company Methods and apparatus for an aircraft lavoratory
US20080289099A1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-27 Skinner Jerald P Portable disability bath
US20100101013A1 (en) * 2008-10-27 2010-04-29 Lufthansa Technik Ag Modular Shower Cabin For Aircrafts
WO2010088751A1 (en) * 2009-02-05 2010-08-12 Miguel Saliby Neto Sanitary module
CN102481977B (en) * 2009-07-23 2015-04-08 空中客车营运有限公司 Monument for a cabin of a vehicle
US20120119029A1 (en) * 2009-07-23 2012-05-17 Airbus Operations Gmbh Monument for a cabin of a vehicle
CN102481977A (en) * 2009-07-23 2012-05-30 空中客车营运有限公司 Monument for a cabin of a vehicle
US8662444B2 (en) * 2009-07-23 2014-03-04 Airbus Operations Gmbh Monument for a cabin of a vehicle
US9434476B2 (en) * 2010-04-20 2016-09-06 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
US9783281B2 (en) 2010-04-20 2017-10-10 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
US20170203844A1 (en) * 2010-04-20 2017-07-20 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Space efficient lavatory module for commercial aircraft
US10625862B2 (en) 2010-04-20 2020-04-21 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
US10259558B2 (en) 2010-04-20 2019-04-16 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
US9038946B2 (en) * 2010-04-20 2015-05-26 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Space efficient lavatory module for commercial aircraft
US9073641B2 (en) 2010-04-20 2015-07-07 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
US20150239564A1 (en) * 2010-04-20 2015-08-27 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
US9630719B2 (en) 2010-04-20 2017-04-25 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Space efficient lavatory module for commercial aircraft
US9463878B2 (en) 2010-04-20 2016-10-11 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
US20120325964A1 (en) * 2010-04-20 2012-12-27 Be Aerospace, Inc. Space efficient lavatory module for commercial aircraft
US9440742B2 (en) 2010-04-20 2016-09-13 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
US9365292B2 (en) * 2010-04-20 2016-06-14 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
USD749709S1 (en) 2011-04-18 2016-02-16 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
USD764031S1 (en) 2011-04-18 2016-08-16 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
USD796645S1 (en) 2011-04-18 2017-09-05 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
USD853537S1 (en) * 2011-04-18 2019-07-09 B/E Aerospace, Inc. Aircraft interior lavatory
US9708063B2 (en) * 2012-10-10 2017-07-18 The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd. Aircraft lavatory unit
US20150266582A1 (en) * 2012-10-10 2015-09-24 The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd. Aircraft Lavatory Unit
US20140339360A1 (en) * 2013-05-15 2014-11-20 Airbus Operations Gmbh Modifiable aircraft monument
US20140339361A1 (en) * 2013-05-15 2014-11-20 Airbus Operations Gmbh Aircraft area
US9457903B2 (en) * 2013-05-15 2016-10-04 Airbus Operations Gmbh Modifiable aircraft monument
DE102013008291A1 (en) * 2013-05-15 2014-11-20 Airbus Operations Gmbh Expandable aircraft monument
EP2803578A1 (en) * 2013-05-15 2014-11-19 Airbus Operations GmbH Expandable aircraft monument
US9428274B2 (en) 2013-05-15 2016-08-30 Airbus Operations Gmbh Expandable aircraft monument
US10189571B2 (en) * 2014-02-24 2019-01-29 Airbus Operations Gmbh Module for an aircraft cabin with a seat fastened to a door
US20150289724A1 (en) * 2014-04-11 2015-10-15 Gloria A. Welch Doorless spiral shower enclosure
WO2018183718A1 (en) * 2017-03-30 2018-10-04 Wilco Partnership, Llc Toilet/shower combination fixture

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