US25784A - Mode op manufacturing barrels - Google Patents

Mode op manufacturing barrels Download PDF

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US25784A
US25784A US25784DA US25784A US 25784 A US25784 A US 25784A US 25784D A US25784D A US 25784DA US 25784 A US25784 A US 25784A
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head
barrels
hoop
mode
place
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D9/00Containers having bodies formed by interconnecting or uniting two or more rigid, or substantially rigid, components made wholly or mainly of wood or substitutes therefor
    • B65D9/02Containers of curved cross-section, e.g. cylindrical boxes
    • B65D9/04Containers of curved cross-section, e.g. cylindrical boxes made up of staves, e.g. barrels for liquids

Description

G. w. BANKER. Manufacture of Barrels.
Patented Oct. 11, 1859.
UNITED STATES PATENT G. W. BANKER, OF MEDFORD, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR TO HIMSELF, AND G. O. I
CARPENTER, OF SOUTH READING, MASSACHUSETTS.
MODE OF MANUFACTURING BARRELS, &c.
Specification of Letters Patent No. 25,784, dated October 11, 1859.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE W. BANKER, of Medford, in the county of Middlesex and State of Massachusetts, have invented an Improvement in the Manufacture of Barrels, Kegs, &'c., of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of this specification, in which Figure l is a perspective view; Fig. 2, a vertical section through Fig. 1; Fig. 3, a plan; Fig. 4, a bail or handle to be referred to hereafter.
The heads of barrels, kegs, and like articles are commonly held in place by having their chamfered edges sunk into a groove or croze near the end of the staves. To remove such a head from the barrel, it is necessary to remove the upper hoops and loosen all the hoops above the bilge, as the head enters so deeply into the croze that it cannot otherwise be removed; but by the loosening of these hoops the staves are permitted to open and the contents, if liquid, escape. This is particularly the case where beef, pork, or fish is opened for inspection or where kegs containing semiliquid paints are opened.
To remedy this inconvenience and to make a head which may be removed without starting any save the upper hoops is the object of my invention, which consists in a peculiar method of securing the head to the barrel, which ,will now be more particularly described.
In the drawings my improvement is represented as applied to a keg for holding paint, which is also so arranged as to be easily converted into a paint pot.
The lower head B is secured in the ordinary manner, the stave being chamfered and crozed and the hoops a and b driven on to hold the head in place. The upper head C, to which my improvement is applied, is left of a uniform thickness throughout and is slightly beveled around its edge, as shown at 5 (Fig. 2) and the chime is beveled to correspond thereto. Beneath this beveled portion of the stave is a shoulder 6, upon which the head rests, and thus when in place and the top hoop is driven the head is held securely in place. The bottom edge of the head at i is beveled for a short distance more obtusely than the balance of the edge to facilitate the forcing of the head into the barrel, and the shoulder e, which. is represented in Fig. 2 as square, may be beveled to correspond with the bevel i upon the head.
To remove the head C, the top hoop f is taken off, which allows the staves to spring sufliciently to permit the head to be taken out, the latter being made of one piece when practicable, or when made of several pieces they are all secured together.
The head C is furnished with a staple h, riveted or clenched through it, the wood being gouged out beneath it to permit the in- ,strument by which the head is removed to enter the staple without the necessity of the latter projecting so far above the head as to be liable to injury.
To head the barrel or other cask up, the upper hoop is removed and the head is forced into place, the ends of the staves springing sufliciently to let it in, and the hoop f is replaced. To take out the head, this hoop is removed, and a suitable instrument is inserted into the staple h, by which the head may be drawn out.
The key represented in the accompanying drawings is designed for holding paints ground in oil, and is so arranged that after being opened and emptied of its contents it can be converted into a paint pot for use by the painter. For this purpose the second hoop g is driven down tight and is secured in place by screws 3, or in any convenient manner. To the opposite sides of this hoop are secured ears D, the upper ends of which extend up sufficiently high to be covered by the hoop f when the latter is driven down, and rests in a recess of corresponding size in the side of the key. Each ear has a hole a near its top, which receives one of the hooks 2 of the bail 0 when the keg is to be converted into a paint pot. Before it is devoted to this use the bail o is sprung into the lower chime, as seen in Fig. 3, where it will be held by the effort of the wire to expand, or it may be further secured there while the keg is transported by means of tacks.
The handle furnishes a convenient and ready instrument by which the head may be taken out, one of the hooks 2 being inserted into the staple it.
By means of this invent-ion casks containing liquids or semiliquids may be opened without loss either of their contents by leak- What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The method herein described of securing the heads of casks by means of the chamfer 5 and shoulder e as described.
2. I claim a keg furnished with ears and a bail as above described for the purpose specified.
GEO. W. BANKER.
Witnesses THOS R. RoAoH, SAM.6CO0PER.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070017874A1 (en) * 2005-07-19 2007-01-25 Renaud Craig P Effluent treatment method and apparatus

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070017874A1 (en) * 2005-07-19 2007-01-25 Renaud Craig P Effluent treatment method and apparatus

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