US2563532A - Spontaneous ignition of gasoline - Google Patents

Spontaneous ignition of gasoline Download PDF

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US2563532A
US2563532A US2563532DA US2563532A US 2563532 A US2563532 A US 2563532A US 2563532D A US2563532D A US 2563532DA US 2563532 A US2563532 A US 2563532A
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turpentine
gasoline
nitric acid
solution
reaction
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10LFUELS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NATURAL GAS; SYNTHETIC NATURAL GAS OBTAINED BY PROCESSES NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C10G, C10K; LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS; ADDING MATERIALS TO FUELS OR FIRES TO REDUCE SMOKE OR UNDESIRABLE DEPOSITS OR TO FACILITATE SOOT REMOVAL; FIRELIGHTERS
    • C10L1/00Liquid carbonaceous fuels
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C06EXPLOSIVES; MATCHES
    • C06CDETONATING OR PRIMING DEVICES; FUSES; CHEMICAL LIGHTERS; PYROPHORIC COMPOSITIONS
    • C06C9/00Chemical contact igniters; Chemical lighters

Description

Patented Aug. 7, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT SPONTANEOUS IGNITION OF GASOLINE AND NITRIC ACID N Drawing. Application November 14, 1944, Serial No. 563,459
This invention relates to reaction type motors and more particularly to novel materials for initiating combustion therein.
Gasoline and fuming nitric acid react violently, once the mixture has been ignited, to produce large quantities of gaseous products. When the reaction is carried out in an open-ended chamher, the gas so generated may be expelled from the open end with considerable force. This force, in general, can ofier at least supplementary propulsion means to any vehicle, such as an airplane, to which the reaction chamber is attached. Various methods and materials have been used to initiate the reaction between gasoline and fuming nitric acid. One such method utilizes the reaction which occurs on mixing turpentine with fuming nitric acid. However, turpentine has not proven altogether satisfactory for this purpose, since it tends to build up to a certain extent in the reaction chamber before ignition with the acid occurs. This gives rise to a rough and rather violent explosive action which is not of thetype desired, for the unit becomes more eflicient when the reaction proceeds smoothly and with instantaneous ignition of the reaction elements.
It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a means of improving the combustion of gasoline by fuming nitric acid. A more particular object is to bring about a better reaction between fuming nitric acid and a turpentine solution by increasing the eificiency and smoothness of the ignition of these materials.
I have found that the operation of a reaction type motor employing gasoline and fuming nitric acid as fuels may be greatly improved by initiating the ignition process by bringing together a quantity of said fuming nitric acid with a solution in turpentine of at least one of the various compounds known as Du Font S. D. 0. materials. These S. D. 0. materials are synthetic drying oils made up in large part of acetylene polymers, and they are soluble in turpentine. Successful tests were made using turpentine and a commercial solution of each of the materials known as 2 Claims. (Cl. Gil-35.6)
S. D. O. 80, S. D. 0. 8b, and S. D. 0.61. The igniwould give equally good results. The term S. D. 0. material" as employed herein is intended to compose all compounds of this general type and composition, whether made by the du- Pont Company or not.
No particular limits can be set with reference to the S. D. 0. ingredient of the turpentine solution. These materials are commercially available and, for example, S. D. O. 61 exists as a solution comprising about per cent of the acetylene polymers and 40 per cent of a coal-tar naphtha ingredient. Such a solution is preferably used in about equal volume with turpentine, thereby giving rise to a solution made up of about 30 per cent of the S. D. O. ingredient, 20 per cent coal-tar naphtha, and 50 per cent turpentine.
The ratio of these ingredients may be varied in considerable measure, but one skilled in the art can readily determine the proper proportions for any given conditions by observing the ignition which occurs in the reaction chamber under the particular conditions of operation desired.
The ratio of S. D. O.-turpentine solution to the fuming nitric acid introduced to initiate the reaction forms no part of this invention, this ratio being generally similar to that observed when using only turpentine as the igniting ingredient with nitric acid. However, good results have been obtained through the use, during the initial ignition step, of about 2 to 6 parts of acid for each part of the S. D. O.-turpentine, coal-tar naphtha solution described in the preceding paragraph.
In the usual practice of the invention, the S. D. O.-turpentine solution is continuously added for a short interval after combustion has begun between the gasoline and the fuming nitric acid. Subsequent cutting oif the supply of S. D. 0.-turpentine solution does not interfere with the combustion of the other ingredients. However, successful results have also been achieved by substantially cutting oil? the supply of S. D. O.-turpentine solution with the arrival of the first amounts of the gasoline.
Withinthe scope of the appended claims, various modifications and changes in the nature and proportions of the ingredients may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the nature of the'invention.
What is claimed is:
1. The method of initiating combustion in a reaction type motor, comprising bringing together fuming nitric acid, turpentine, and a synthetic drying oil substantially comprising acetylene polymers, said method being characterized by the smooth and instantaneous combustion of the materials so brought together.
2. The method of initiating combustion in a reaction type motor, comprising bringing together in said motor fuming nitric acid and a solution containing turpentine and a synthetic drying oil substantially comprising acetylene polymers, said method being characterized by the smooth and instantaneous combustion of the materials so brought together.
GEORGE B. KISTIAKOWSKY.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,812,541 Nieuwland June 30, 1931 Number Name Date 1,854,615 Lasley Apr. 19, 1932 2,028,308 Wilke et a1. Jan. 21, 1936 2,397,657 Goddard Apr. 2, 1946 2,398,201 Young et a1. Apr. 9, 1946, 2,474,183 King June 21, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 5'74 Great Britain of 1875 476,227 Great Britain Dec. 3, 1937 OTHER REFERENCES Sadtler et al.: A Text Book of Chemistry Intended for the Use of Pharmaceutical and Medical Students, page 697, 5th edition, published in 1918 by J. B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia and London.
US2563532D Spontaneous ignition of gasoline Expired - Lifetime US2563532A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2851094A (en) * 1952-06-10 1958-09-09 Donald N Griffin Means for hypergolic flame combat
US2865727A (en) * 1950-12-04 1958-12-23 North American Aviation Inc Rocket motor liquid propellant combination
US2939278A (en) * 1955-02-28 1960-06-07 Phillips Petroleum Co Means and method for starting rocket motors
US4004415A (en) * 1974-12-11 1977-01-25 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Propellant for liquid propellant gun

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1812541A (en) * 1929-01-04 1931-06-30 Du Pont Resinous product and process of preparing the same
US1854615A (en) * 1930-05-09 1932-04-19 Robert E Lasley Power plant
US2028308A (en) * 1931-12-05 1936-01-21 Ig Farbenindustrie Ag Fuel for diesel engines
GB476227A (en) * 1936-06-03 1937-12-03 Edward Burke Improvements in and relating to the propulsion of rockets
US2397657A (en) * 1941-06-23 1946-04-02 Daniel And Florence Guggenheim Control mechanism for rocket apparatus
US2398201A (en) * 1943-05-06 1946-04-09 Aerojet Engineering Corp Motor
US2474183A (en) * 1949-06-21 Rocket propulsion by reacting

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2474183A (en) * 1949-06-21 Rocket propulsion by reacting
US1812541A (en) * 1929-01-04 1931-06-30 Du Pont Resinous product and process of preparing the same
US1854615A (en) * 1930-05-09 1932-04-19 Robert E Lasley Power plant
US2028308A (en) * 1931-12-05 1936-01-21 Ig Farbenindustrie Ag Fuel for diesel engines
GB476227A (en) * 1936-06-03 1937-12-03 Edward Burke Improvements in and relating to the propulsion of rockets
US2397657A (en) * 1941-06-23 1946-04-02 Daniel And Florence Guggenheim Control mechanism for rocket apparatus
US2398201A (en) * 1943-05-06 1946-04-09 Aerojet Engineering Corp Motor

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2865727A (en) * 1950-12-04 1958-12-23 North American Aviation Inc Rocket motor liquid propellant combination
US2851094A (en) * 1952-06-10 1958-09-09 Donald N Griffin Means for hypergolic flame combat
US2939278A (en) * 1955-02-28 1960-06-07 Phillips Petroleum Co Means and method for starting rocket motors
US4004415A (en) * 1974-12-11 1977-01-25 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Propellant for liquid propellant gun

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