US254201A - Thomas crane - Google Patents

Thomas crane Download PDF


Publication number
US254201A US254201DA US254201A US 254201 A US254201 A US 254201A US 254201D A US254201D A US 254201DA US 254201 A US254201 A US 254201A
United States
Prior art keywords
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US254201A publication Critical patent/US254201A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current




    • E05F13/00Mechanisms operated by the movement or weight of a person or vehicle
    • E05F13/04Mechanisms operated by the movement or weight of a person or vehicle by platforms lowered by the weight of the user


2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
(No Model.)
Patented Peb.28.1882.
(No Model.) 5 2 sheets-Sheet 2. 'T. CRANE.
GATE; No. 254,201. Patented Feb. 28, 1882.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 254,201, dated February 28, 1882. Application filed April 14, 1881. (No model.)
I To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, THOMAS CRANE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Fort Atkinson, in the county of Jefierson and State of- Wisconsin, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gates; and I hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, of which-- Figure l is an end elevation of my gate and its various attachments, showing the gate closed; Fig. 2, a similar view, showing the gate open; Fig. 3, a plan View of the gate and its attendant parts closed, as in Fig. 1; Fig. 4, a
plan view of the same open, as in Fig. 2; Fig. 5, a perspective view of my gate, and Fig. 6 a detail view.
Myinvention relates especially to drivewaygates, although many of the features which I shall describe are applicable to small gates for pedestrians, the changes of construction, if any, required to adapt it from the former to the latter purpose being in the way of omissions, and not of additions.
The objects which I aim to accomplish are, briefly, to adapt the gate to be opened and closed from either direction without the necessity of the drivers alighting for the purpose, the opening being effected by the horse breast- 3o ing against the gate and the closing being effected automatically; and also to provide the said gate with a latching device adapted to be unfastened by the driver without alighting.
In the drawings, AA are fence-posts at each side of the driveway, and 'B a post firmly embedded in the ground midway between the two, but a little out of line with them.
0 is the gate, pivoted at its center "to the post B, and D D two posts, also embedded in 40 the ground, in line with the postB and at right angles with the posts A. The gate 0 is made long enough to admit of two driveways, one at each side of the center, and is'constructed of boards placed close together lengthwise of the 4 5 gate, and secured by means of atleastfive crossbars, one, K, being bolted across the center of the gate and made thicker than the others; one, L, at each end, and another, L,midway between each end cross-bar andthe central one,
K. It will be observed that one smooth side is necessary to drive against for each drive- I way, and to accomplish this the end and intermediate cross-bars, L and L, are placed upon one side for one half of the gate and on the opposite side for the other half. This construction afiords to the gate a close and even side to be driven against for each driveway, and provides against injury to 'gate, beast, or vehicle while passing through. The gate, moreover, has the same surface measurement each side of the center, and thereby gives a perfect balance in the wind, without which it would be entirely inoperative when the wind blows. In addition to this,-by having the gate hung at its center and evenly balanced, as described, the strain upon the hinges is reduced to the minimum, whereby the gate swings with the utmost ease and smoothness, and also the highest degree of durability is attained. The central cross-bar, K, is connected to the post B by means of the hinge E at the bottom and the bracket '0 and pintle u at the top.
The hinge E is the same as the one described and claimed in Letters Patent of the United States No. 218,494., granted to me August 12, 7 1879, and consists, as stated in substance in the specification of my said Letters Patent, of a bracket, t, journaled to the supporting-post, and having the rigid link s projecting from it at right angles, said link being provided with an eye at its outer extremity, which receives a pintle, r, projecting outward and downward from a plate, g, which is secured to the gate. The opening of the gate throws the edge of the plate q against the bracket t, and causes the said plate as it turns on its axis to force the bracket backward, and thus to elevate the link '8, and with it the gate. In this way the gate as it is opened is carried clear of the ground, whereby all obstructions-such as snow and 0 ice-are avoided. The gate, upon being released, descends by its own gravity, the pressure of the bracket't against the plate q incidentally closin git. As the plate rises and falls the pintle a slides freely up and down in an eye 5 in the end of the bracket '0, said pintle consisting simply of a guide-rod with bent ends, to hold it out of contact with the gate, and secured to the latter in a vertical position, as shown.
It is desirable in a great majority of cases to I00 have the gate provided with a latch; but it is of course requisite that such latch should be adapted to be unfastened by the driver without his leaving his seat. To efl'ect this end I have contrived the following device:
F is alever,fnlcrumed at its lower end to the face of the gate, as shown at p, and G is a sliding horizontal bar, pivoted atits end to thele' ver F above the fulcrum p, as shown at 0. The end of the gate is provided with a guide, a, to receive the bar, and the fencepost contiguous thereto with a catch, m.
H is a cam, projecting; at right angles from the inner end of the bar G, and l 6 two cords or chains, connecting the lever F with the posts D and passing through an eye or pulley, k, at
the center of the gate, as shown. The gate being closed and latched, the driver, approaching from either side, pulls the cord I upon that side, which, acting upon the lever, draws its upper end over toward the center of the gate,
and thus draws the bar G out of the catch m. The gate is then free to swing by the pressure of the animal against it. In opening, however, the cam H comes into contact with the post B,
whereby the bar and lever are pushed back to their original position,and thus upon the closing of the gate the end of the bar re-enters the catch m. Other mechanism may be employed to push the bar G into position for latchingas, for example, mechanism operated by the vertical movement of the gate while opening.
To permit the gate to be held open when necessary, any suitable device for this purpose may be placed upon one of the posts D.
In the ease of small gates for pedestrians a fastening may or not be employed, as preferred; but, however this may be, the gate should be allowed to swing about the center post either way and not touch the outer posts, thus affording a passage either way on each side of the center post.
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. The gate 0, having the central cross-bar, K, hinged to the center post, B, and having the end cross-bars, L, and intermediate crossbars, L, said end and intermediate cross-bars being placed on one side for one half of the gate and on the opposite side for the other half, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. In combination with the posts A and B, and gate O,hinged to said postB, thelatch comprising the lever F, fulcrumed at its lower end to the face of the gate, the bar G, pivoted to said lever, guide n, catch m upon the post A, and cam H upon the bar Gr, substantially as described.
3. In combination with the posts A and B, and gate 0, hinged to said post B, and with the latch, comprising the bar G, lever F, cam H, guide a, and catch m, arranged and operating as described, the posts 1), eye It upon the gate, and cords Z, connecting the said posts to the lever F and passing through the said eye, substantially as set forth and shown.
US254201D Thomas crane Expired - Lifetime US254201A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US254201A true US254201A (en) 1882-02-28



Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US254201D Expired - Lifetime US254201A (en) Thomas crane

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US254201A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040140631A1 (en) * 1998-09-16 2004-07-22 Jas. D. Easton Ice skate

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040140631A1 (en) * 1998-09-16 2004-07-22 Jas. D. Easton Ice skate

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US254201A (en) Thomas crane
US339459A (en) Farm-gate
US417861A (en) Arthur w
US200655A (en) Improvement in gates
US876206A (en) Farm-gate.
US258750A (en) Self-opening gate
US320929A (en) Swinging gate
US489469A (en) Farm-gate
US307773A (en) X a absalom king
US222561A (en) Improvement in gates
US384552A (en) aylworth
US678797A (en) Gate.
US461061A (en) Swinging gate
US119421A (en) Improvement in gates
US322000A (en) James f
US267765A (en) Charles a
US186274A (en) Improvement in gates
US1185100A (en) Gate-operating mechanism.
US279063A (en) Feaxk willabd
US434536A (en) walters
US450876A (en) James i
US715117A (en) Gate.
US845444A (en) Gate.
US404973A (en) Fred w
US566616A (en) Alonzo parrish