US2526687A - Cast iron melting vessel with graphite plugs therein - Google Patents

Cast iron melting vessel with graphite plugs therein Download PDF

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US2526687A
US2526687A US616166A US61616645A US2526687A US 2526687 A US2526687 A US 2526687A US 616166 A US616166 A US 616166A US 61616645 A US61616645 A US 61616645A US 2526687 A US2526687 A US 2526687A
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cast iron
materials
plugs
melting vessel
iron melting
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US616166A
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Clinton A Reams
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Clinton A Reams
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B14/00Crucible or pot furnaces
    • F27B14/08Details peculiar to crucible or pot furnaces
    • F27B14/10Crucibles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/12All metal or with adjacent metals
    • Y10T428/12486Laterally noncoextensive components [e.g., embedded, etc.]

Description

Oct; 24, 1950 a A. REAMS CAST IELTING VESSEL I111! PLUGS HEREIN rma Sept, 14, 1945 Fla.

Patented Oct. 24, 1950 CAST IRON MELTING vnssEL wrm GRAPHITE PLUGS THEREIN Clinton A. Reams, Washington, D. 0.

Application September 14, 1945, Serial No. 616,166

1 Claim.

The invention relates to method and means for improving the exposed or firing surface of metal articles which are subjected to a high degree of heat or the cooling of same relatively faster than the normal rate of cooling of such metal article. Articles faster heated including metal pots or crucibles, heating plates of all sorts, furnace elements, retorts, reverberatory furnaces and the like, and articles faster cooled are ingot molds, cored molds, permanent molds, and the like. It is, of course, desirable from the standpoint of economy to make such articles of as cheap materials as possible, such as cast iron, but where inexpensive materials have been used in the past rapid changes of temperature, which necessarily take place incident to their use, cause much cheaper materials to crack. Accordingly, it has been found necessary in many instances, as for example in the case of pots or crucibles for melting of non-ferrous metals, such as aluminum or magnesium or their alloys, where a high speed of heating at the beginning of the heat or melt is of prime importance, and the holding of the heat without fluctuation equally as important, to employ and use relatively expensive materials (for the pots or crucibles) such as chrome alloys instead of the relatively inexpensive cast iron.

I have found that by the use of plugs of special high conductive carbonaceous or graphitic material distributed at intervals and exposed throughout the exposed or firing surface of the article, it is possible to employ relatively inexpensive materials, such as cast iron, instead of the relatively expensive cast alloy metals, such as alloys of chrome or other heat-resistant metals. It has been found in practice that articles formed of such relatively inexpensive materials such as cast iron or the like which have been provided with such high conductive carbonaceous or graphitic material inserts will withstand rapid changes of temperature without cracking. In forming the inserts for lower temperature use it is convenient to cut slices or plugs from sticks or cylinders of high conductive graphitic material or the like. I have found that suitable high conductive materials are those known under the trade-name Karbate, having a graphitic base, such materials being particularly suitable as having a heat conductivity greater than that of many commonly used metals, including cast iron. The same applies to the dissipation of heat from molds and mold faces, cores and the like, from which the rate of heat transfer is greater than the cooling rate of the cast iron, The invention is not to be considered .2 as limited to the use of Karbate as other high conductive carbonaceous 0r graphitic materials may be substituted therefor without departing from the spirit of the invention, this material being referred to simply by way of illustration as representing a suitable high conductive carbonaceous material.

Such materials are described in the handbook of National Carbon Company, Inc., copyright .1945, entitled Carbon, Graphite and Karbate Products, and are referred to on page 56 thereof as carbon and graphite products made impermeable by special treatments which eliminate permeability and increase the strength of the'base material. base material, and Karbate No. 20 series is a graphite base material. These materials are described as being resistant to reaction with most acids, alkalies and solvents, and useful under widely varied temperature conditions. The heat conductivity of the Karbate No. 20 series (graphitic materials) is described as well over that of other chemically resistant materials, including that of various metals.

While such materials when used alone in the manufacture of vessels and the like are not recommended where temperatures materially above 170 C. are employed, nevertheless, When these materials are used as inserts in metal surfaces, as herein set forth, such inserts are found to withstand higher temperatures than would vessels composed of Karbate alone.

The invention will be more readily understood by reference to the accompanying drawings and the following detailed description which are intended as illustrative only rather than as limiting the invention to the specific details herein set forth.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a vertical section of a melting pot embodying the invention, parts being shown in elevation;

Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view of the same;

Fig. 3 is one form of the carbon insert or plug;

Fig. 3a. is a detail view showing a modified form of graphitic insert or plug.

Referring first to the application of the invention to a melting pot as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the reference numeral Ill denotes a melting pot which may be formed of cast iron. The completed pot is shown provided with the usual pouring spout l I. The shape of the pot may be varied as desired without departing from the spirit of the invention.

'On the exterior or firing side of the pot, which Karbate No. 10 series is a carbon is'directly exposed to heat a plurality of preformed plugs E2 of high conductive graphitic material, such as "Karbate are inserted so as to be flush with the outside of the pot. The plugs are preferably sown partially through the mold to provide a bond as the metal is cast.

A slightly modified form of plug is shown in Fig. 311 as represented by the reference numeral i2a. This plug is hollowed out at the bottom 15 so as to provide a larger surface to be exposed to heat and is provided with a bead i6 which is adapted to serve as an anchoring means to hold the plug in position within the metal body of the pot 10a.

Melting pots having such plugs will not crack during rapid changes of temperature and it is possible to heat the pots very rapidly from cold room temperature to the temperatures necessary for melting the materials contained therein. This property is of great advantage in non-ferrous plants where speed in heating aluminum or magnesium pets is of paramount importance.

While the invention is described above in connection with melting pots it is obvious that the invention is not limited to this particular application, and in its broader aspects my invention contemplates the use of graphite or like high conductive carbon plugs inserted on the firing sides of any metal surface which are to be exposed to high temperatures. Thus, not only are pots included within the scope of the invention, but other articles such as plates, furnace elements and the like, and reverberatory furnaces. The plugs may be included in the bottoms, walls, roofs or any intermediate surface of such articles.

The invention has been described in detail for the purpose of illustration, but it will be obvious iron.

'CLINTON A. REAMS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 113,312 Lewis Apr. 4, 1871 271,105 Nimmo Jan. 23, 1883 921,972 Gathman a. May 18, 1909 954,183 Hadfleld l Apr. 5, 1910 1,439,410 Gray Dec. 19, 1922 1,636,013 1 Perry July 19, 1927 2,010,055 Brown Aug. 6, 1935 2,097,637 Osolin Nov. 2, 1937 2,400,643 Hermann May 21, 1946 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 493,033 Great Britain Sept. 30, 1938 357,966 Germany Sept. 1, 1922 OTHER REFERENCES The Condensed Chemical Dlct., 3rd edition, 1942, page 380. 7

Carbon and Graphite Products, Catalog Section M 8000 A, P e 15.

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2754172A (en) * 1950-12-08 1956-07-10 Method of manufacturing ferromagnetic material and bodies
US3036898A (en) * 1959-04-30 1962-05-29 Ibm Semiconductor zone refining and crystal growth
US3203055A (en) * 1962-12-24 1965-08-31 Mannesmann Ag Continuous casting mold
US3981233A (en) * 1975-10-03 1976-09-21 Restaurant Technology, Inc. Anti-stick grill
DE3100919A1 (en) * 1980-01-14 1981-12-03 Intertec Ass Inc Vessel
US4432340A (en) * 1980-11-14 1984-02-21 Intertec Associates Inc. Energy saving heating vessel
US4541411A (en) * 1984-07-10 1985-09-17 Ga Technologies Inc. Graphite composite cookware
US4569508A (en) * 1982-05-26 1986-02-11 Hoogovens Groep B.V. Metallurgical vessel having an opening and a flange around the opening
US6073545A (en) * 1997-09-04 2000-06-13 Heinrich Kuhn Cooking vessel for use in a cooking installation
US6422233B1 (en) * 1999-08-25 2002-07-23 Ekono Sarl Cooking utensil with a base constituted of a composite structure
US20060091183A1 (en) * 2004-01-28 2006-05-04 Meyer Intellectual Properties Ltd. Double wall cooking vessel
US20090044795A1 (en) * 2007-08-17 2009-02-19 Timothy Scott Shaffer Grate apparatus and method of cleaning
US20110041708A1 (en) * 2009-08-19 2011-02-24 All-Clad Metalcrafters Llc Graphite encapsulated cookware

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US113312A (en) * 1871-04-04 Improvement in coverings for melting-pots
US271105A (en) * 1883-01-23 Crucible
US921972A (en) * 1908-11-27 1909-05-18 Emil Gathmann Ingot-mold.
US954183A (en) * 1906-05-12 1910-04-05 Robert Abbott Hadfield Apparatus for making sound metal ingots and other castings.
DE357966C (en) * 1921-05-14 1922-09-01 Paul Kroll Block shape with arranged within its wall cavity
US1439410A (en) * 1921-06-14 1922-12-19 James H Gray Refractory material and furnace wall built thereof
US1636013A (en) * 1926-01-22 1927-07-19 John E Perry Permanent hot-top mold
US2010055A (en) * 1932-07-11 1935-08-06 Libbey Owens Ford Glass Co Furnace wall construction
US2097637A (en) * 1936-11-13 1937-11-02 Ozolin Alfred Wall subjected to high temperatures
GB493033A (en) * 1938-04-30 1938-09-30 Isaiah Hall Improvements in or relating to crucibles
US2400643A (en) * 1942-02-12 1946-05-21 Hermann Richard Cooker

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US113312A (en) * 1871-04-04 Improvement in coverings for melting-pots
US271105A (en) * 1883-01-23 Crucible
US954183A (en) * 1906-05-12 1910-04-05 Robert Abbott Hadfield Apparatus for making sound metal ingots and other castings.
US921972A (en) * 1908-11-27 1909-05-18 Emil Gathmann Ingot-mold.
DE357966C (en) * 1921-05-14 1922-09-01 Paul Kroll Block shape with arranged within its wall cavity
US1439410A (en) * 1921-06-14 1922-12-19 James H Gray Refractory material and furnace wall built thereof
US1636013A (en) * 1926-01-22 1927-07-19 John E Perry Permanent hot-top mold
US2010055A (en) * 1932-07-11 1935-08-06 Libbey Owens Ford Glass Co Furnace wall construction
US2097637A (en) * 1936-11-13 1937-11-02 Ozolin Alfred Wall subjected to high temperatures
GB493033A (en) * 1938-04-30 1938-09-30 Isaiah Hall Improvements in or relating to crucibles
US2400643A (en) * 1942-02-12 1946-05-21 Hermann Richard Cooker

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2754172A (en) * 1950-12-08 1956-07-10 Method of manufacturing ferromagnetic material and bodies
US3036898A (en) * 1959-04-30 1962-05-29 Ibm Semiconductor zone refining and crystal growth
US3203055A (en) * 1962-12-24 1965-08-31 Mannesmann Ag Continuous casting mold
US3981233A (en) * 1975-10-03 1976-09-21 Restaurant Technology, Inc. Anti-stick grill
DE3100919A1 (en) * 1980-01-14 1981-12-03 Intertec Ass Inc Vessel
US4432340A (en) * 1980-11-14 1984-02-21 Intertec Associates Inc. Energy saving heating vessel
US4569508A (en) * 1982-05-26 1986-02-11 Hoogovens Groep B.V. Metallurgical vessel having an opening and a flange around the opening
US4541411A (en) * 1984-07-10 1985-09-17 Ga Technologies Inc. Graphite composite cookware
US6073545A (en) * 1997-09-04 2000-06-13 Heinrich Kuhn Cooking vessel for use in a cooking installation
US6422233B1 (en) * 1999-08-25 2002-07-23 Ekono Sarl Cooking utensil with a base constituted of a composite structure
US20060091183A1 (en) * 2004-01-28 2006-05-04 Meyer Intellectual Properties Ltd. Double wall cooking vessel
US7216413B2 (en) * 2004-01-28 2007-05-15 Meyer Intellectual Properties Limited Method of forming a double wall cooking vessel
US20090044795A1 (en) * 2007-08-17 2009-02-19 Timothy Scott Shaffer Grate apparatus and method of cleaning
US20110041708A1 (en) * 2009-08-19 2011-02-24 All-Clad Metalcrafters Llc Graphite encapsulated cookware
US10040118B2 (en) * 2009-08-19 2018-08-07 All-Clad Metalcrafters Llc Graphite encapsulated cookware

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