US2519966A - Fountain pen - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2519966A
US2519966A US752039A US75203947A US2519966A US 2519966 A US2519966 A US 2519966A US 752039 A US752039 A US 752039A US 75203947 A US75203947 A US 75203947A US 2519966 A US2519966 A US 2519966A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
slot
nib
feed bar
ink
main
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US752039A
Inventor
Johnson William Frederick
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Mentmore Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Mentmore Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Publication date
Priority to GB2519966X priority Critical
Application filed by Mentmore Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Mentmore Manufacturing Co Ltd
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2519966A publication Critical patent/US2519966A/en
Priority to FR903329A priority patent/FR1335569A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01VGEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS
    • G01V3/00Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation
    • G01V3/08Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation operating with magnetic or electric fields produced or modified by objects or geological structures or by detecting devices
    • G01V3/10Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation operating with magnetic or electric fields produced or modified by objects or geological structures or by detecting devices using induction coils
    • G01V3/104Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation operating with magnetic or electric fields produced or modified by objects or geological structures or by detecting devices using induction coils using several coupled or uncoupled coils
    • G01V3/105Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation operating with magnetic or electric fields produced or modified by objects or geological structures or by detecting devices using induction coils using several coupled or uncoupled coils forming directly coupled primary and secondary coils or loops
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K5/00Pens with ink reservoirs in holders, e.g. fountain-pens
    • B43K5/18Arrangements for feeding the ink to the nibs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N27/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means
    • G01N27/02Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance
    • G01N27/023Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance where the material is placed in the field of a coil
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N27/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means
    • G01N27/02Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance
    • G01N27/023Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance where the material is placed in the field of a coil
    • G01N27/025Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance where the material is placed in the field of a coil a current being generated within the material by induction
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N27/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means
    • G01N27/72Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating magnetic variables
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01VGEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS
    • G01V3/00Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation
    • G01V3/08Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation operating with magnetic or electric fields produced or modified by objects or geological structures or by detecting devices
    • G01V3/10Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation operating with magnetic or electric fields produced or modified by objects or geological structures or by detecting devices using induction coils
    • G01V3/104Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation operating with magnetic or electric fields produced or modified by objects or geological structures or by detecting devices using induction coils using several coupled or uncoupled coils
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01VGEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS
    • G01V3/00Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation
    • G01V3/18Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation specially adapted for well-logging
    • G01V3/26Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation specially adapted for well-logging operating with magnetic or electric fields produced or modified either by the surrounding earth formation or by the detecting device
    • G01V3/28Electric or magnetic prospecting or detecting; Measuring magnetic field characteristics of the earth, e.g. declination, deviation specially adapted for well-logging operating with magnetic or electric fields produced or modified either by the surrounding earth formation or by the detecting device using induction coils

Description

Aug. 22, 1950 w. F. JoHNsoN FOUNTAIN PEN Filed June 3, 1947 FIG.1
FIG.7
FICA
FIG. 5
Patented Aug. 22, 1950 FOUNTAIN PEN William Frederick J Ohnson, Barnehurst, England,
assignorto-Mentn1ore Manufacturing Company Limited, London, England, a company of. Great Britain Application June 3, 1947, Serial No. 7552;039' In GreatBritain June 11, 1946 2, Claims. (o1. 120-50 This invention relates to fountain or reservoir pens and particularly to the ink feeding arrangements for such pens.
In a fountain pen having an ordinary pen nib the feed means for the ink to the pen nib comprises a feed bar consisting of a rod-like member which at its rear end is of circular section and which is frictionally held in a circular. longitudi nal hole in the nib section of the pen. This. hole at. its forward end is of slightl larger diameter than at the rear end so as to accommodate the pen nib between its inner face and the upper face of the feed bar. The'feed barhas a main slot extending from its rear end to a point close to its front end and in the base of this slot there are formed twoor three narrow capillary grooves, two of which are cut on either side of the base, which also extend for the same distance as the main slot. In using the fountain pen with such a feed bar,
at the commencement of writing the capillary 3 grooves first fill with ink and then the main slot is filled. The ink is thus delivered to the underside of the pen nib and as it flows from the nib more ink passes down the grooves and slot. As the ink flows away bubbles of air enter'the main slot through the hole in the pen nib and travel to the reservoir. The i k held in the grooves and slot in the feed bar is greatly in excess of what is required for writing with the result that a heavy flow takes place and blobs of ink may drop from the pen nib. Still further, leaky conditions are produced in the pen.
To overcome the difficulties of a too free flow of ink it is usual to provide transverse slots in the forward part of the feed bar to collect excess of ink flowing from the main slot and capillary grooves. While more-or-less satisfactory conditions have been established for certain inks there is now a tendency to use inks which flow more freely with the result that the difiiculties of flooding and leaking are increased.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a feeding arrangement for a fountain pen by which more satisfactory control of the ink flow to the pen nib can be effected even when the more freely flowing inks are employed.
According to the present invention a feed bar for a fountain pen, has a, main longitudinal slot extending from the rear end thereof to a point just short of the front end thereof, at least two narrow capillary grooves at the bottom of said slot, of which two are positioned, one on each side of the slot, and a bridge extending transversely of the slot, dividing said slot into two parts, but spaced from the sides of the slot so as to form narrow ink passages betweenit and the walls of the slot. Conveniently, the bridge is constituted by a pin fixed in the longitudinal slot in the feed bar. Alternatively, thebrid'ge may be formed by cutting themain-slot in two aligned parts, separated by the bridge, and wherein the capillary grooves are formed past the sides-of the bridge. A pluralit of bridges-may be provided:
The invention further envisages the combination with a feed bar having a longitudinal main slot extending from the rear end thereofitoa point just short of the front end thereof, and at least two narrow capillary grooves-at the bottom of said slot, of which two are positioned, one-on each side of the slot, of a nib section having a projection from the inner face thereof extending into the main slot to constitutea bridge-with narrow ink passages between said bridge and the walls of the main slot. The-projection in th-e'ni-b section may be a pin fixed in a hole in said nib section.
Forms of feed bar according to the invention will now be described by way of example and with reference to thedrawings in which:-
Figure 1 is a perspective view, partly sectioned of a feed bar having a pin bridge.
Figure 2 is a planview of the feed bar shown in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is an enlarged cross section onthe line 3-3 of Figure2.
Figure 4 is a longitudinal section alonga: line similar to line IVIV of Fig; 3 but'ofa feed bar having the main slot milled in two' parts;
Figure 5 is a longitudinal section similar to Figure 4 but having two bridges formed by milling the main slot in three parts.
Figure 6 is a section of a nib section with projecting pin assembled with a feed bar and nib.
Figure '7 is a section of a fountain pen with a feed bar as shown in Figure 1.
Referring now to Figures 1, 2, 3 and 7 the feed bar I is formed in the usual way from a length of circular rod of ebonite. It is tapered at the front end 2 in the usual Way and a main slot 3 approximately 0.06 inch wide and 0.03 inch deep is milled from the rear end 4 where the feed bar I will enter the ink reservoir 5, see Figure 7, to a point 21 just short of the front end 2. Three narrow capillary grooves 6 are milled further into the bar I at the bottom of the main slot 3. About half way along the length of the feed bar, a, hole is drilled therethrough at the centre of the main slot. Into this is inserted a pin 1 of ebonite which is of such a size that its periphery is spaced from the walls 8 of the main slot 3 by 3 distance about equal to the width of the capillary rooves 6.
The feed bar together with a nib 9 is assembled in a nib section II] which is threaded into the front end of the fountain barrel I I in usual manner, as shown in Fig. 7.
In use, it is found that when commencing to write, the capillary grooves 6 first fill with ink from one end to the other of the feed bar. The main slot then fills behind the bridge 7, the portion of the slot in front of the bridge remaining empty. Ink is fed to the nib 9 and as it passes away, the supply is maintained through the capillary grooves. Air passes backwards from the nib along the front part of the main slot, past the sides of the bridge and thence along the rear part of the main slot to the reservoir 3. The flow of ink is satisfactorily controlled and flooding and leaking is prevented.
In Figure 4, the main slot is milled in two parts 3a, 3b leaving a bridge l2 extending between them. Capillary grooves 13 are milled in the bottom of the two part main slot and also through the bridge l2.
In the form of the invention shown in Figure 5, the main slot is milled in thre parts leaving two bridges [2a and l2b. Capillary grooves are milled in the bottom of the three part main slot and also through the bridges.
The action and assembly of the feed bars shown in Figures 4 and is similar to that shown in Figures 1 and 2 as will be understood.
Figure 6 shows an alternative arrangement in which a feed bar of usual form, having a main slot l4, and capillary grooves I5 is assembled with a nib IS in a nib section II. Th nib section has a radial hole formed in it, and in this hole is inserted a pin 18 of ebonite which projects into the main slot H, to contact the bottom thereof and which is of such size that it i spaced from the walls of the main slot by an amount about equal to the width of the capillary grooves.
The action of the nib assembly shown in Figure 6 will be understood to be similar to that of the nib assembly shown in Figure '7 and described above.
Transverse slots 19 may sometimes be provided in the front end of the feed bar, though usually they may be omitted.
In all the constructions described it is to be understood that the bridge extends fully between the base of the main slot of the feed bar and the inner surface of the nib section.
What I claim is:
1. In a fountain pen an ink reservoir, a nib section at the open end of the ink reservoir, 9. feed bar and pen nib in the nib section, the feed bar having a main longitudinal slot extending from the rear end thereof to a point which is short of the front end thereof at least two narrow capillary grooves formed in the bottom of said slot of which two are positioned, one on each side of the slot and a fixed bridge extending transversely of the main longitudinal slot for the full depth thereof dividing said slot into two parts but spaced from the sides of the slot so as to form HaEI'OW passages between it and the sides of the slo 2. In a fountain pen, a nib section having an axial opening therein and adapted to be fastened in the end of a fountain pen barrel, and a feed bar positioned within the axial opening within the nib section, said feed bar having a main longitudinal slot extending from the rear end thereof to a point just short of the front end thereof, at least two narrow capillary grooves formed in the bottom of said slot, of which two are positioned, one on each side of the slot, and a fixed bridge extending transversely of the slot dividing the slot into two parts, the bridge spaced from the sides of the slot so as to form narrow passages between it and the sides of the slot, and a nib disposed within the axial opening in the nib section spaced forwardly relativ to said bridge.
WILLIAM FREDERICK JOHNSON.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 668,760 Stewart Feb. 26, 1901 739,720 Rider Sept. 22, 1903 776,428 Schnell Nov. 29, 1904 834,541 Welty Oct. 30, 1906 1,365,191 Perkins Jan. 11, 1921 1,818,743 Parker Apr. 11, 1931 2,338,947 Kovacs Jan. 11, 1944 2,413,904 Biro Jan. 7, 1947 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 104,980 Great Britain 1917 457,043 Germany 1928
US752039A 1946-06-11 1947-06-03 Fountain pen Expired - Lifetime US2519966A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB2519966X 1946-06-11
FR903329A FR1335569A (en) 1962-07-07 1962-07-07 Improvements to inductive conductivity measuring devices

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Publication Number Publication Date
US2519966A true US2519966A (en) 1950-08-22

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US752039A Expired - Lifetime US2519966A (en) 1946-06-11 1947-06-03 Fountain pen
US29263963 Expired - Lifetime US3340464A (en) 1946-06-11 1963-07-03 Induction investigation apparatus having time shared operations including phase calibration

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US29263963 Expired - Lifetime US3340464A (en) 1946-06-11 1963-07-03 Induction investigation apparatus having time shared operations including phase calibration

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US (2) US2519966A (en)
BE (1) BE633100A (en)
DE (1) DE1616646B1 (en)
GB (1) GB1001379A (en)
NL (2) NL132706C (en)

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US4334192A (en) * 1979-01-29 1982-06-08 Garrett Electronics Metal detector circuit having automatic tuning with multiple rates
US4303879A (en) * 1979-01-29 1981-12-01 Garrett Electronics Metal detector circuit with mode selection and automatic tuning
US4499422A (en) * 1981-06-08 1985-02-12 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Digital induction logging tool including means for compensating for phase shift errors
US4412207A (en) * 1981-06-08 1983-10-25 Schlumberger Technical Corporation Digital induction logging tool including a floating point A/D
US4499421A (en) * 1981-06-08 1985-02-12 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Digital induction logging system including means for generating a plurality of transmitter frequencies
US4455529A (en) * 1981-06-08 1984-06-19 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Digital induction logging tool including means for measuring phase quadrature components in a phase sensitive detector
US4439831A (en) * 1981-06-08 1984-03-27 Schlumberger Technical Corporation Digital induction logging system including autocalibration
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US4467425A (en) * 1982-01-12 1984-08-21 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Deconvolution filter for induction log processing
US4513376A (en) * 1982-01-12 1985-04-23 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Phasor processing of induction logs including skin effect correction
US4471436A (en) * 1982-01-12 1984-09-11 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Phasor processing of induction logs including shoulder and skin effect correction
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GB2191293B (en) * 1986-05-30 1990-10-17 Cobe Lab Remote conductivity sensor
US4825168A (en) * 1986-05-30 1989-04-25 Cobe Laboratories, Inc. Remote conductivity sensor using square wave excitation
DE3705308A1 (en) * 1987-02-19 1988-09-01 Foerster Inst Dr Friedrich INDUCTIVE SEARCH DEVICE
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US4837517A (en) * 1987-07-16 1989-06-06 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Spatial frequency method and apparatus for investigating earth conductivity with high vertical resolution by induction techniques
US5184079A (en) * 1990-11-13 1993-02-02 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Method and apparatus for correcting data developed from a well tool disposed at a dip angle in a wellbore to eliminate the effects of the dip angle on the data
US6216089B1 (en) 1999-09-07 2001-04-10 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Method and apparatus for producing a conductivity log unaffected by shoulder effect and dip from data developed by a well tool
US6586939B1 (en) * 1999-12-24 2003-07-01 Baker Hughes Incorporated Method and apparatus for reducing the effects of parasitic and galvanic currents in a resistivity measuring tool
US7932723B2 (en) * 2004-05-07 2011-04-26 Baker Hughes Incorporated Borehole conductivity simulator verification and transverse coil balancing
US7652478B2 (en) * 2004-05-07 2010-01-26 Baker Hughes Incorporated Cross-component alignment measurement and calibration
US7408355B1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2008-08-05 Baker Hughes Incorporated Borehole conductivity simulator verification and transverse coil balancing
US7205770B2 (en) * 2004-05-07 2007-04-17 Baker Hughes Incorporated Borehole conductivity simulator verification and transverse coil balancing
US7969153B2 (en) * 2004-05-07 2011-06-28 Baker Hughes Incorporated Borehole conductivity simulator verification and transverse antenna balancing
US7319331B2 (en) * 2004-05-07 2008-01-15 Baker Hughes Incorporated Two loop calibrator
US7027922B2 (en) * 2003-08-25 2006-04-11 Baker Hughes Incorporated Deep resistivity transient method for MWD applications using asymptotic filtering
US7567869B2 (en) * 2007-04-27 2009-07-28 Baker Hughes Incorporated Induction tool for detail evaluation of near borehole zone
US7915895B2 (en) * 2007-06-22 2011-03-29 Baker Hughes Incorporated Method of calibrating an azimuthal inductive cross-coil or tilted coil instrument
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US668760A (en) * 1900-07-14 1901-02-26 William W Stewart Fountain-pen.
US739720A (en) * 1901-06-22 1903-09-22 Jay G Rider Fountain-pen.
US776428A (en) * 1904-01-29 1904-11-29 Julius L Schnell Feeder-bar for fountain-pens.
US834541A (en) * 1906-01-18 1906-10-30 William A Welty Fountain-pen.
GB104980A (en) * 1916-06-09 1917-03-29 William Irving Ferris Improvements in Fountain Pens.
US1365191A (en) * 1920-01-19 1921-01-11 Richard E Perkins Fountain-pen
DE457043C (en) * 1926-10-21 1928-03-08 Heinrich Koehler Exchangeable ink feed for fountain pen
US1818743A (en) * 1929-09-26 1931-08-11 Parker Pen Co Adjustable feed for fountain pens
US2338947A (en) * 1939-05-11 1944-01-11 Kovacs Theodor Fountain pen
US2413904A (en) * 1943-04-17 1947-01-07 Eterpen Sa Financiera Writing instrument

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US668760A (en) * 1900-07-14 1901-02-26 William W Stewart Fountain-pen.
US739720A (en) * 1901-06-22 1903-09-22 Jay G Rider Fountain-pen.
US776428A (en) * 1904-01-29 1904-11-29 Julius L Schnell Feeder-bar for fountain-pens.
US834541A (en) * 1906-01-18 1906-10-30 William A Welty Fountain-pen.
GB104980A (en) * 1916-06-09 1917-03-29 William Irving Ferris Improvements in Fountain Pens.
US1365191A (en) * 1920-01-19 1921-01-11 Richard E Perkins Fountain-pen
DE457043C (en) * 1926-10-21 1928-03-08 Heinrich Koehler Exchangeable ink feed for fountain pen
US1818743A (en) * 1929-09-26 1931-08-11 Parker Pen Co Adjustable feed for fountain pens
US2338947A (en) * 1939-05-11 1944-01-11 Kovacs Theodor Fountain pen
US2413904A (en) * 1943-04-17 1947-01-07 Eterpen Sa Financiera Writing instrument

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Publication number Publication date
BE633100A (en)
DE1616646B1 (en) 1972-03-16
US3340464A (en) 1967-09-05
NL294973A (en)
GB1001379A (en) 1965-08-18
NL132706C (en)

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