US2107150A - Fountain pen - Google Patents

Fountain pen Download PDF

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Publication number
US2107150A
US2107150A US41565A US4156535A US2107150A US 2107150 A US2107150 A US 2107150A US 41565 A US41565 A US 41565A US 4156535 A US4156535 A US 4156535A US 2107150 A US2107150 A US 2107150A
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Prior art keywords
fissures
feed bar
reservoirs
reservoir
feed
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Expired - Lifetime
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US41565A
Inventor
William F Heising
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WA Sheaffer Pen Co
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WA Sheaffer Pen Co
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Publication date
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Priority to US41565A priority Critical patent/US2107150A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K5/00Pens with ink reservoirs in holders, e.g. fountain-pens
    • B43K5/18Arrangements for feeding the ink to the nibs
    • B43K5/1809Feed bars

Description

Feb. 1, 1938.
W. F. HEISING FOUNTAIN PEN Filed Sept. 21, 1955 Patented Feb. 1, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE FOUNTAIN PEN Application September 21, 1935, Serial No. 41,565
8 Claims.
This invention relates to a fountain pen and has special reference to the feed bar of a fountain pen located between the reservoir or barrel and the pen nib thereof to insure the proper flow of writing fluid and at the same time to prevent the writing fluid from flooding or feeding so freely as to cause blots, smears, and the like, on the writing surface.
More particularly this invention relates to a feed bar for conducting writing fluid to the pen nib of a fountain pen comprising an elongated body having a plurality of longitudinally extending fissures over a portion of the peripheral surface thereof, the body having a plurality of reservoirs of a greater depth than the fissures, each of which reservoir intersects certain only of the fissures.
While in fountain pens heretofore in use, the feed bars have been so constructed and arranged as to permit a desired flow during normal periods of use in writing, there are occasions when a slight expansion of air or a jar, or some such occurrence, will cause an abnormal flow in a de vice which is otherwise perfect in operation.
Difficulty has always been experienced particularly in the sackless type of fountain pen when the reservoir is partly empty since the heat of the hand in writing, or of the body in carrying, expands the air. The present invention contem-v plates the provision of a substantial quantity of ink adjacent the pen nib available for immediate flow to the writing surface, the flow thereof to the nib being regulated by the presence of an air bubble constantly in one ofthe reservoirs and the Writing fluid being used from the otherv reservoir which is filled with a fluid from the first mentioned reservoir containing the air bubble.
The present invention teaches that by holding a bubble of air in one of the reservoirs and having that reservoir intersect certain only of the fissures, and the other reservoir into which the first reservoir empties intersect a different set of fissures, the flow of writing fluid is prevented from flooding, although a constant flow is permitted and a substantial supply is always available for immediate use.
One of the objects of this invention is to provide a fountain pen having a feed bar of the type indicated above in which, under all conditions of use, the flow of ink is regulated and a supply of ink is always immediately available to the pen nib in writing.
Other objects and advantages will hereinafter be more particularly pointed out, and for a more complete understanding of the characteristic features of this invention, reference may now be had to the following description when taken together with the accompanying drawing, in which latter:
Figure 1 is a side view partially in section of a fountain pen construction embodying one form of this invention;
Fig. 2 is a plan elevational view of the feed bar employed in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2; n
Fig. 4 is a plan elevational view of a modifled form of feed bar embodying this invention;
Fig. 5 is a side elevational view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is a plan view of a further modified form of feed bar embodying this invention;
Fig. '7 is a view similar to Fig. 6 showing another form of feed bar embodying this invention;
, Fig. 8 is a view similar to Fig. 6 of still another form of feed bar embodying this invention; and I Fig. 9 is likewise a View similar to Fig. 6 showing still another form of feed bar embodying this invention.
Referring now to the drawing and more particularly to Figs. 1 to 3, inclusive thereof, the device of this invention is illustrated as comprising a barrel [5 having an open end for receiving a feed section I6, the lattersupporting at one end thereof a pen nib I! and at the other end thereof an ink sack Hi. The barrel I5 and feed section l6 are preferably formed of a composition material, rubber or the like, as is usual in present day fountain pen construction. The feed section I6 is provided with a bore for receiving in a forced fit relation therein a feed bar housing [9. The feed bar housing is preferably formed of rubber and has a cylindrical portion at the rear end thereof for sealed engagement within the bore of the feed section, a portion of the feed bar housing extending forwardly beyond the end of the feed section in the usual manner and being of substantially semicircular cross section. In the present embodiment, the feed bar housing I!) is provided with a bore extending over a major portion of the length thereof, the bore 20 being of substantially uni form diameter throughout and having an open rear end and a closed forward end. A feed bar 2| is provided in the bore and has snug engagement therewith, the bore preferably being of a cross section to correspond with the cross section of the feed bar.
The feed bar 2| is provided with a longitudinally extending'channel 22 over a portion of the peripheral surface thereof, the channel having fissures 23 therein extending in the same direction and below the level thereof. Further, the feed bar is provided with a pair of cut-away portions 24 and 25 which form reservoirs when the feed bar is assembled within the'feed bar housing I9. These cut-away portions are preferably segments of substantially semi-circular cross section, and in the instance of the reservoir 25, the cut-away portion extends to intersect two of the fissures 23, the reservoir 24 intersecting but one fissure. from the feed bar are of semi-circular form,-the reservoirs are, of course, of greater depth than the fissures, and as will hereinafter be recited in the specification and claims, therese'rvoirs are of greater depth than the fissures and'ea'ch reservoir intersects certain only of the fissures.
It will be noted that the reservoir 25 is of greater size or capacity than the reservoir 24, two' different sizes of reservoirs being used in the a same feed bar, and the one toward the forward The upper reservoir, in turn, is filled from the fluid contained in the barrel of the fountain pen.
' for fitting in the bore of the feedfsection and the However, a constant air bubble is held inthe upper reservoir and this air bubble assists in controlling or regulating a desired fiow of writing fluid to the writing surface through the pen nib.
semi-circular cross section, These cut-away portions form wells or reservoirs when assembled in the feed section, the. location of the'reservoirs being substantially rearwardly of the feed bar and thereby locatedv difierently than that of the previously described embodiment.
While the previously described. embodiment shows wells of different capacities, the present embodiment shows wells or reservoirs of sub-, stantially the same capacity which hasbeen found to be. desired in some instances of use. Were the. reservoirs 24 and 25, of the previously described embodiment, to be of the same size,
such size would beindicatedby the dotted lines shown in Fig. 2. Also, while the embodiment previously described shows the larger well 25 as intersecting two fissures and the sinallerreservoir Z4 intersecting but one fissure, ,theapresent embodiment both reservoirs 29;.and 30 cut Since the segments out 7 two fissures. This, of course, has a decided bearing also on the size of the reservoirs so arranged.
Referring now to Fig. 6 of the drawing, the construction therein illustrated shows a' feed bar 3i of the same type as that of Figs. 4 and 5 wherein the channel 32, extending over a portion of the peripheral surface longitudinally of the'feed bar, is provided with fissures 33, the outer fissures of which/are.intersectedzby reservoirs 34 and 35; In this embodiment, one fissure is independent of intersection by a reservoir,
*while the other two fissures are intersected, the wellsbeing of substantially greater depth than the depth of the fissures.
In Fig. '7 the feed bar 36 thereof is similar to the feed bar shown in Fig. 2 and is for use in a feed bar housing similar to the housing IS. The reservoirs 31 and 38 are of substantially the same size and capacity and are cut in the same manher as those previously described in Fig; 2 to intersect the outer fissures 39 broached in the base of. the channel 40 extendinglongitudinally over a portion of the. .peripheral surface of the feedbar. the. fissures is free fromintersection of. the reservoir, while the outer fissures are'intersected In this instance, as in Fig. 6, onepf independently by separate reservoirs.
In Fig. 8 a feed bar 4| similar to that shown.
in Fig.7 is provided with a channel "extending longitudinally over a portion of the peripheral I surface of the feed bar, the channel having fistending in. the'same direction below the surface of the channeh, In this modified, form of the invention, the feed bar is provided with four f reservoirs, the reservoir .44. adjacent the rear end of the feed bar being of substantially the same 'size and capacity as the reservoir at thev forward end, eachv reservoir intersecting two fissures. The reservoirs have, inthis instance, been notched out in a U.-.shaped formation and ex: tend diametrically across thefeedi bar so, that the reservoirs are. of greater depth than thefissures.v The intermediate reservoirs 46 and 41 are of smaller size and capacity, than the reservoirs44 .and45. and intersect but one fissure each. Each of the. fissures ,43. is thereby in'ten sected by two reservoirs. tion of the. fissures occurs at different points throughout the length of the feed which'appears tohave avery desired effect on the flow.
Referring now to Fig. 9,'the feed bar 48 shown therein is of the same type as that of Fig. 8, it being provided with-a channel 49. which extends longitudinally of thelength thereof over a portion of. the peripheral surface.
direction. and below; the surface thereof, and the fissures are, in turn, intersected by out-away portions 5|, 52- vand 53.. The cut-away portion 52 forms areservoirwhen the feed bar 48 is assembled in the feed section, the reservoir intersecting two of the fissures, the oppositely dis posedreservoirs El and 53 intersecting the third fissure on opposite sides of the reservoir 52. These reservoirs are, in effect, notched portions extending diametrically across the feed bar,-the cut-away portions being of the same width. In this instance one of the fissures is intersected at 7 two different points thereon while the remaining fissures areuintersected by one reservoir at only one point thereof. This construction in practice is found to be very desirable in many instances of use.'
While sere r mb dimenis f hi in n ion However, the intersec- The channelis broached with fissuresifl extending in the same are herein shown and described, it is, of course, to be understood that various modifications thereof will be apparent to those skilledin the art without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention and therefore the same is to be limited only by the prior art and the scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. A feed bar for fountain pens comprising an elongated body having a plurality of longitudinally extending fissures over the peripheral surface thereof, said body having a plurality of resvoirs of a greater depth than said fissures and each of which intersects certain only of said fissures.
2. A feed bar for fountain pens comprising an elongated body having a plurality of longitudinally extending fissures lying closely together to form a group on the peripheral surface thereof, said body having a plurality of reservoirs of greater depth than said fissures on opposite sides of said group and extending toward each other to intersect certain only of said fissures.
3. A feed bar for fountain pens comprising an elongated body having a channel extending longitudinally over the peripheral surface thereof, said channel having fissures therein extending in the same direction below the level thereof, said body having a reservoir of a greater depth than said fissures intersecting certain only of said fissures.
4. A feed bar for fountain pens comprising an elongated body having a channel extending longitudinally over the peripheral surface thereof, said channel having fissures therein extending in the same direction below the level thereof, said body having a plurality of reservoirs of a greater depth than said fissures and each of which intersects certain only of said fissures.
5. A feed bar for fountain pens comprising an elongated body having a plurality of longitudinally extending fissures lying closely together to form a group on the peripheral surface thereof, said body having a pair of reservoirs of greater depth than said fissures on opposite sides of said group and extending toward each other to intersect certain only of said fissures, one of said reservoirs being of greater capacity than the other.
6. A feed bar for fountain pens comprising an elongated body having a cylindrical portion from which segments are cut away toprovide a plurality of reservoirs, said body having a plurality of longitudinally extending fissures over the peripheral surface thereof certain only of which fissures are intersected by each of said reservoirs, said reservoirs being of greater depth than said fissures.
'7. A feed bar for fountain pens comprising an elongated cylindrical body for disposal in the bore of a housing thereof, said body having a plurality of longitudinally extending fissures over the peripheral surface thereof and a plurality of reservoirs of greater depth than said fissures confined by said bore, each of said reservoirs intersecting certain only of said fissures.
8. A feed bar for fountain pens comprising an elongated cylindrical body for disposal. in the bore of a housing thereof, said body having a channel extending longitudinally over the peripheral surface of said body and having fissures extending in the same direction below the level thereof, and a plurality of reservoirs in said body.
of greater depth than said fissures confined by the bore of said housing, each of said reservoirs intersecting certain of said fissures.
WILLIAM F. HEISING.
US41565A 1935-09-21 1935-09-21 Fountain pen Expired - Lifetime US2107150A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2489983A (en) * 1944-02-14 1949-11-29 Scripto Inc Fountain pen
US2666416A (en) * 1948-09-11 1954-01-19 Parker Pen Co Writing instrument
US3154055A (en) * 1960-12-07 1964-10-27 Parker Pen Co Fountain pen
US3185135A (en) * 1960-12-07 1965-05-25 Parker Pen Co Fountain pen
US3900268A (en) * 1972-09-18 1975-08-19 Edward Bok Pen with ink injection system
US3905709A (en) * 1973-02-19 1975-09-16 Edward Bok Pen with injection system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2489983A (en) * 1944-02-14 1949-11-29 Scripto Inc Fountain pen
US2666416A (en) * 1948-09-11 1954-01-19 Parker Pen Co Writing instrument
US3154055A (en) * 1960-12-07 1964-10-27 Parker Pen Co Fountain pen
US3185135A (en) * 1960-12-07 1965-05-25 Parker Pen Co Fountain pen
US3900268A (en) * 1972-09-18 1975-08-19 Edward Bok Pen with ink injection system
US3905709A (en) * 1973-02-19 1975-09-16 Edward Bok Pen with injection system

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