US2453954A - Fireplace heating system - Google Patents

Fireplace heating system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2453954A
US2453954A US548853A US54885344A US2453954A US 2453954 A US2453954 A US 2453954A US 548853 A US548853 A US 548853A US 54885344 A US54885344 A US 54885344A US 2453954 A US2453954 A US 2453954A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
stove
fireplace
deflector
air
grate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US548853A
Inventor
Harry T Wright
Original Assignee
Harry T Wright
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Harry T Wright filed Critical Harry T Wright
Priority to US548853A priority Critical patent/US2453954A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2453954A publication Critical patent/US2453954A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/185Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating; Controlling combustion
    • F24B1/188Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating; Controlling combustion characterised by use of heat exchange means, e.g. using a particular heat exchange medium, e.g. oil, gas
    • F24B1/1885Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating; Controlling combustion characterised by use of heat exchange means, e.g. using a particular heat exchange medium, e.g. oil, gas the heat exchange medium being air only
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/183Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with additional provisions for heating water

Description

Nov. 16, 1948. H. 'r. WRIGHT FIREPLACE H EATING SYSTEM 6 Sheets-Shet 1 Filed Aug. 10, 1944 H. T. WRIGHT FIREPLACE HEATING SYSTEM 6 Shegts-Sheet 2 In In, I: \llilvifil ii Nov. 1 6,. 1948.

Filed Aug. 10, 1944 Nov. 16, 1948. HT. WRIGHT 2,453,954

FIREPLACE HEATING SYSTEM Filed Aug. 10, 1944 6 Sheets-Sheet 3 Nov. 16, 1948. H. T. WRIGHT FIREPLACE HEATING SYSTEM 6 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Aug. 10, 1944 fif /eer Z 11/90/10 Patented Nov. 16, 1948 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE FIREPLACE HEATING SYSTEM Harry T. Wright, Richmond, Va.

Application- August 10, 1944, Serial No.-5 1'8,'853

3 Claims.

This invention, relating as indicated to a' fireplace heating system, is more particularly directedto thebombineition of a fireplace stove of novel construction and "a flue arrangement whereby products of combustion can be taken oiT through a stack or chimney, while'heated air can be radiated into the room containing the fireplace and also conducted to rooms abovethe fireplace.

itis an important object of the invention to provide a means ofheating theair which comes in contact with the fireplace stove and at the same'time utilizing the heat of the products of combustion as they ascend the chimney.

It is a more detailed object of the invention to provide a grate formed of hollow tubular members so that the fluid such as air may be efficiently heatedand expelled into the room in which the stove containing the grate is located.

Another object of the invention is to provide a grate of hollow tubular construction adapted to receive a fluid such as water, the grate performing the double function of maintaining thefire bed properly and at the same time heating water so that the same may be piped to a service outlet in the building'in which "the stove containing the grate is located.

A more detailed object is to provide means for conducting water from a hollow tubular grate to a service cutlet'in the building in which thestove containing the grate is located.

Another object of the invention is to "extract as much heat as possible fromth'ei-products of combustion as they ascenda flue, this extraction being performed by-means of a water tube located in the flue.

A detailed object of the invention is to provide a combustion chamber with an apertured base and a slidable plate mounted above the base to permit ashes to be withdrawn at'desi'red intervals of time.

A more detailed object *ofthe inventionis to provide an ash receiver somewhat in'the form of a drawer. this receiver having associated therewith a tined gratebar for removing clinkers and ashes from between the individual elements of the grate.

Another detailed object of the invention is to provide a fireplace stove with a two-piece fold ing door mounted in such manner that a rather large opening is provided when the door is opened, thus imparting'the Vi'sualaspect of a conventional fireplace.

upomfurther reading =of' the description.

2 The annexeddrawings and the following description set forth in detail certain mechanism embodying the'invention, such disclosed means constituting, however, but one of various mechan-ical forms in which the principle of the invention may be used.

In said annexed drawings:

Fig. 1 is a front elevation with parts in section.

-Fi g.--2 is a central vertical section taken transversely of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a horizontal section taken just above the grate shown in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a partial vertical section of the lower portion of the stove shown in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a front elevation of a modification.

Fig. 6 is -a central vertical section of Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 is-a detail perspective showing the water system.

Fig. 8 is a rear elevation of the fireplace stove.

Fig. 9 is a horizontal section taken just above the grate shown in Fig. 6.

Referring now to the drawings, and more particul'arlyFigs. -1 to 3, it will be seen that I have provided a fireplace stove generally indicated by the-numeral i, such stove being connected to a flue 2 that extends upwardly in the chimney. A deflectingcplate 3 is mounted with its forward edge in sealed relationship with the upper interior horizontal edge of the fireplace. This deflector-extends arcuately down behind the stove L terniinating above the floor of the fireplace. It-is maintained in desired relationship with the walls 10, H and i2 by means of bolts 69 and ti.

This arrangement of the deflector 3 provides a space Ito the rear of the deflector, this space communicating with an annular conduit 5 that extends upwardly and surrounds the flue 2. From the foregoing, it will be seen that air is drawn beneath the stove l and then upwardly through the chamber i where it contacts the defiector 3 and fiue 2. This contact heats the air causing the sar'neto rise through the annular chamber 5. Partitions "6 and 8 are provided to cause'the air to flow through registers 7 and 8, it being understood that apart or all of partition 6 maybe omitted, depending upon the number of registers suchjas '9, which may be located above the register 1.

Referring now more particularly to the stove construction, it will'be seen that the base 59 is provided with a relatively large aperture and thatthe slida-ble plate 20 is mounted on the base immediately above the aperture. An ash recelv'r 2ll--is-'slidably disposed beneath the base and in-registiy withthe aperture in the base.

The ash receiver 20 has a slot in its forward surface to receive the shaft of a gratebar 2|. This gratebar is shown in Figs. 2 and 4 and comprises a shaft 2| connected to a cross piece 36, the cross piece having secured thereto tines 35. The tines are adapted to extend between the tubular grate members 22 to 34 inclusive when it is desired to remove ashes and clinkers.

Immediately above the removable slidable plate 20, I have provided a grate formed of hollow tubular members such as piping, each pipe extending transversely and in parallel relation with the other pipes as shown in Fig. 3. These pipes open to the atmosphere at the front portion of the stove as shown in Fig. 1 and are provided with elbows also open to the atmosphere as shown in Fig. 3. Air is drawn upwardly first, passing through the elbows and then across the grate and out into the room in which thestove is located.

I have also provided two additional sets of air conduits, these being located along the interior sides of the stove. Each of the conduits 40 to 45 inclusive extend upwardly from openings in the piece I5 and then are curved or bent to extend horizontally to pots in the front face of the stove as shown in Fig. 1. From this description, it will be seen that cool air is drawn from beneath the stove, heated in the combustion chamber and expelled out into the room in which the stove is located.

In the modified construction shown in Figs. 5 to 9 inclusive, the stove and flue are of the same general construction, as well as the air flow. That is, air flows around the stove, becomes heated and it is then deflected out into the room surrounding the stove. At the same time, some of the air passes beneath the stove, due to the provision of legs I5, I5, I! and I8. This air then passes under the lower edge I35 of thedeflector 503. As this air passes upwardly, it contacts first the relatively hot deflector and next the hot flue I02. Obviously, instead of losing heat, the air becomes hotter as it ascends and finally it is expelled outwardly through registers I? and I09.

The major difierences between the construction shown in Figs. 1 and is the grate which in the latter case is designed to receive relatively cool water and to heat the same after which it may be conducted to a desired point of use. The grate generally indicated by the numeral I20 comprises two parallel header members HI and I22 connected by a series of parallel cross tubes which are adapted to receive the fire bed. Water is admitted to the header I2I through pipe I23 but is prevented from passing immediately to the pipes I24 and I25 by means of a partition I26 located in the interior of header I2I. This causes the coldest water to pass across the grate to header I22 and after this, it may pass backward and forward, eventually leaving the grate through pipes I24 and I25. These pipes are located within the flue I02 and extract more heat from the products of combustion passing upwardly within the flue. A tank I29 is located in the upper portions of the chimney and this tank surrounds the flue I02. Heated water may be led from this tank to any desired service outlet.

In Fig. 6, one mode of usage is shown comprising a pipe I29 connected to a faucet I30. From the foregoing it will be seen that water arising in the pipes I24 and I25is maintained in heated condition since the flue will be relatively hot as long as the stove is in operation. At the same time, the water in tank I29 is maintained in heated condition since the air in the chamber I05 rises upwardly.

In both stoves, I have provided a firebrick located in the lower rear vertical portion thereof, this being identified by reference numeral 60 in Fig. 2 and by reference numeral I28 in Fig. 6.

The door is the same in both embodiments of the invention so that a description of one will suffice. Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, it will be seen that the door consists of two sections 46 and 41 connected by means of a hinge 48 in such manner that the panel 46 will overlie the panel 41 when the door is in full opened position. At this time, the rod 49 which is secured to the panel 46 is received in brackets 52 and 53. In opened position, the stove presents the appear ance of a conventional fireplace while there are no cumbersome doors to obstruct the view or to interfere with the normal function of the various parts. In closed position, the rod 49 is received in the brackets 50 and 5!.

Other modes of applying the principle of the invention may be employed, change being made as regards the details described, provided the features stated in any of the following claims, or the equivalent of such, be employed.

I therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim as my invention:

1. A fireplace heating system comprising, a fireplace, Said fireplace having a floor and an upper interior surface, a fireplace stove mounted above the floor of said fireplace, a deflector mounted to the rear of said stove, a flue extending upwardly from said stove and passing .through said deflector, said deflector being sealed to the upper interior surface of said fireplace and then extending rearwardly and downwardly, the deflector being provided with an opening adjacent the floor communicating the space in back of said deflector with the space in front of said deflector, whereby air passing under said stove may move upwardly along said deflector and also upwardly behind said deflector, there being an air space surrounding said flue, such air space being a continuation of the space behind said deflector and means forming an outlet from said air space into the interior of the building in which said fireplace is located.

2. A fireplace heating system comprising, a chimney, a fireplace, a fireplace stove, said fireplace having an upper interior surface, a deflector mounted to the rear of said stove, a flue extending upwardly from said stove and passing through said deflector, said deflector being sealed to the upper interior surface of said fire-place and then extending rearwardly and downwardly, the deflector being provided with an opening adjacent the floor communicating the space in back of said deflector with the space in front of said deflector, said flue being mounted in said chimney and being surrounded by an air space, said air space forming a continuation of the space in back of said deflector and means forming an outlet from said air space to the interior of the room in which said fireplace is located, whereby cold air may be drawn around said stove, heated and then forced outwardly into said room along said deflector and also along said air space and through said outlet.

3. A fireplace heating system comprising a chimney, a fireplace, a fireplace stove, a deflector mounted to the rear of said stove, a flue extending upwardly from said stove and passing through REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 236,370 Smith Jan. 4, 1881 322,634 Pearson July 21, 1885 622,565 Tharp Apr. 4, 1899 1,313,085 Greene Aug. 12, 1919 Number Number 6 Name Date 7 McLeod Dec. 7, 1920 Poling Oct. 9, 1923 Rollings Dec. 30, 1924 Hannum Aug. 30, 1927 Mofiat Oct. 18, 1927 Williamson Nov. 22, 1927 Van Kirk Sept. 16, 1930 Dobbins June 9, 1936 Rutland June 6, 1939 Stenquist July 11, 1939 Newton Sept. 12, 1939 Slayter et a1 Jan. 9, 1940 Black Mar. 24, 1942 Munters et al. Jan. 5, 1943 Mueller May 16, 1944 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Australia 1934 Great Britain Mar. 12, 1923 Great Britain Mar. 11, 1925 Great Britain Aug. 25, 1936

US548853A 1944-08-10 1944-08-10 Fireplace heating system Expired - Lifetime US2453954A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US548853A US2453954A (en) 1944-08-10 1944-08-10 Fireplace heating system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US548853A US2453954A (en) 1944-08-10 1944-08-10 Fireplace heating system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2453954A true US2453954A (en) 1948-11-16

Family

ID=24190653

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US548853A Expired - Lifetime US2453954A (en) 1944-08-10 1944-08-10 Fireplace heating system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2453954A (en)

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2602441A (en) * 1951-04-23 1952-07-08 Holly Mfg Company Gas-burning wall heater
DE932326C (en) * 1951-07-12 1955-08-29 Guenter Dipl-Ing Fuchs Heated house wall with built-in a wall recess heater
US2863443A (en) * 1955-07-08 1958-12-09 Hoffman John Fire place conversion unit
US3054394A (en) * 1961-05-23 1962-09-18 Harry T Wright Convertible fireplace stove heating units
US3756218A (en) * 1972-03-15 1973-09-04 L Simpson Grate
FR2287016A1 (en) * 1974-10-03 1976-04-30 Cesa Valentin Chimney with spill-free ash-pan - pan has slotted front to suck in air (NL060476)
FR2321092A1 (en) * 1975-08-14 1977-03-11 Martin Jacques Combined wood burning and electrically heated hearth - has heating elements embedded in walls and water coils embedded in chimney blocks
US4050626A (en) * 1975-04-18 1977-09-27 Awalt Jr Thomas Y Supplemental heat and heat transfer subsystems for solar air conditioning systems
US4135488A (en) * 1977-02-16 1979-01-23 Wells William T Fireplace furnace apparatus
WO1979000437A1 (en) * 1977-12-27 1979-07-12 H Lutz Process and device for regenerating heat into chimneys,particularly in apartment chimneys
US4196715A (en) * 1977-11-07 1980-04-08 Shaw's Modular Fireplaces, Ltd. Fireplace converter
US4213443A (en) * 1978-03-13 1980-07-22 All Nighter Stove Works, Inc. Stove construction
US4222364A (en) * 1979-02-05 1980-09-16 Wright Otis L Rear-loading dual mode furnace
FR2499219A1 (en) * 1981-02-04 1982-08-06 Courboin Alain Heat recuperators for domestic fireplace - has water-filled fire bars forming heat exchanger in grate
US4541408A (en) * 1979-05-14 1985-09-17 Ratelband John B Fire-guard
US4553528A (en) * 1982-01-04 1985-11-19 Wells William T Free-standing stove and fireplace apparatus

Citations (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US236370A (en) * 1881-01-04 Fire-place
US322634A (en) * 1885-07-21 Hot-air fire-place
US622565A (en) * 1899-04-04 Grate-closer
US1313085A (en) * 1917-06-22 1919-08-12 John A Greene Combined andirons, radiator, and ventilator.
US1361389A (en) * 1919-09-03 1920-12-07 Mcleod Alexander Duncan Auxiliary fireplace-heater
GB194406A (en) * 1921-12-12 1923-03-12 Philip Lake Improvements relating to domestic heating apparatus
US1470542A (en) * 1922-07-14 1923-10-09 May E Poling Fireplace front
US1521204A (en) * 1922-12-11 1924-12-30 Milton W Rollings Grate
GB230536A (en) * 1923-12-11 1925-03-11 George Stockdale Improvements in or relating to hot water boilers used in domestic fire-grates
US1640771A (en) * 1926-12-04 1927-08-30 William A Hannum Grate
US1646307A (en) * 1924-01-04 1927-10-18 Walter A Moffat Fireplace construction
US1649881A (en) * 1924-04-23 1927-11-22 W A Thompson Fireplace stove
US1776171A (en) * 1929-06-12 1930-09-16 Ervin Van Kirk Fireplace
AU1739034A (en) * 1934-05-02 1935-05-16 Johan Holmberg Frits Improvements in and connected with fireplaces, stoves andthe like
US2043429A (en) * 1934-01-31 1936-06-09 Willie R Dobbins Fireplace heater attachment
GB452774A (en) * 1935-02-25 1936-08-25 Andrew Rankin Muir Improvements in and relating to heating stoves
US2161723A (en) * 1938-07-29 1939-06-06 Jesse B Boyett Fireplace heater
US2165661A (en) * 1938-10-17 1939-07-11 Robert J Stenquist Fireplace
US2172711A (en) * 1939-09-12 Fireplace water grate
US2186539A (en) * 1937-07-19 1940-01-09 Ingleside Company Heating system
US2277381A (en) * 1940-06-10 1942-03-24 Murray J Black Heating system
US2307600A (en) * 1943-01-05 Heating system
US2348835A (en) * 1944-05-16 Heating apparatus

Patent Citations (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US236370A (en) * 1881-01-04 Fire-place
US322634A (en) * 1885-07-21 Hot-air fire-place
US622565A (en) * 1899-04-04 Grate-closer
US2307600A (en) * 1943-01-05 Heating system
US2172711A (en) * 1939-09-12 Fireplace water grate
US2348835A (en) * 1944-05-16 Heating apparatus
US1313085A (en) * 1917-06-22 1919-08-12 John A Greene Combined andirons, radiator, and ventilator.
US1361389A (en) * 1919-09-03 1920-12-07 Mcleod Alexander Duncan Auxiliary fireplace-heater
GB194406A (en) * 1921-12-12 1923-03-12 Philip Lake Improvements relating to domestic heating apparatus
US1470542A (en) * 1922-07-14 1923-10-09 May E Poling Fireplace front
US1521204A (en) * 1922-12-11 1924-12-30 Milton W Rollings Grate
GB230536A (en) * 1923-12-11 1925-03-11 George Stockdale Improvements in or relating to hot water boilers used in domestic fire-grates
US1646307A (en) * 1924-01-04 1927-10-18 Walter A Moffat Fireplace construction
US1649881A (en) * 1924-04-23 1927-11-22 W A Thompson Fireplace stove
US1640771A (en) * 1926-12-04 1927-08-30 William A Hannum Grate
US1776171A (en) * 1929-06-12 1930-09-16 Ervin Van Kirk Fireplace
US2043429A (en) * 1934-01-31 1936-06-09 Willie R Dobbins Fireplace heater attachment
AU1739034A (en) * 1934-05-02 1935-05-16 Johan Holmberg Frits Improvements in and connected with fireplaces, stoves andthe like
GB452774A (en) * 1935-02-25 1936-08-25 Andrew Rankin Muir Improvements in and relating to heating stoves
US2186539A (en) * 1937-07-19 1940-01-09 Ingleside Company Heating system
US2161723A (en) * 1938-07-29 1939-06-06 Jesse B Boyett Fireplace heater
US2165661A (en) * 1938-10-17 1939-07-11 Robert J Stenquist Fireplace
US2277381A (en) * 1940-06-10 1942-03-24 Murray J Black Heating system

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2602441A (en) * 1951-04-23 1952-07-08 Holly Mfg Company Gas-burning wall heater
DE932326C (en) * 1951-07-12 1955-08-29 Guenter Dipl-Ing Fuchs Heated house wall with built-in a wall recess heater
US2863443A (en) * 1955-07-08 1958-12-09 Hoffman John Fire place conversion unit
US3054394A (en) * 1961-05-23 1962-09-18 Harry T Wright Convertible fireplace stove heating units
US3756218A (en) * 1972-03-15 1973-09-04 L Simpson Grate
FR2287016A1 (en) * 1974-10-03 1976-04-30 Cesa Valentin Chimney with spill-free ash-pan - pan has slotted front to suck in air (NL060476)
US4050626A (en) * 1975-04-18 1977-09-27 Awalt Jr Thomas Y Supplemental heat and heat transfer subsystems for solar air conditioning systems
FR2321092A1 (en) * 1975-08-14 1977-03-11 Martin Jacques Combined wood burning and electrically heated hearth - has heating elements embedded in walls and water coils embedded in chimney blocks
US4135488A (en) * 1977-02-16 1979-01-23 Wells William T Fireplace furnace apparatus
US4196715A (en) * 1977-11-07 1980-04-08 Shaw's Modular Fireplaces, Ltd. Fireplace converter
WO1979000437A1 (en) * 1977-12-27 1979-07-12 H Lutz Process and device for regenerating heat into chimneys,particularly in apartment chimneys
US4213443A (en) * 1978-03-13 1980-07-22 All Nighter Stove Works, Inc. Stove construction
US4222364A (en) * 1979-02-05 1980-09-16 Wright Otis L Rear-loading dual mode furnace
US4541408A (en) * 1979-05-14 1985-09-17 Ratelband John B Fire-guard
FR2499219A1 (en) * 1981-02-04 1982-08-06 Courboin Alain Heat recuperators for domestic fireplace - has water-filled fire bars forming heat exchanger in grate
US4553528A (en) * 1982-01-04 1985-11-19 Wells William T Free-standing stove and fireplace apparatus

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4793800A (en) Gas water heater/boiler
US2671440A (en) Air heating furnace simulating a fireplace
CA1336807C (en) Convector heating apparatus
US2375318A (en) Draft device
US3813039A (en) Heat exchanger
US2052643A (en) Fireplace heater
US4149517A (en) Grate and stove heating unit
US2161723A (en) Fireplace heater
US4393814A (en) Multi-fueled boiler
CA1176527A (en) Heating apparatus with heat recuperator
US2622587A (en) Room heating unit
US2277381A (en) Heating system
US3926173A (en) Furnace and cold air return systems
US2863443A (en) Fire place conversion unit
US4008704A (en) Universally adjustable forced air fireplace heater
US4303198A (en) Wood-burning boiler
US4008703A (en) Fireplace heating system
CN101131255A (en) Heat pipe hot-blast stove using biomass energy resource
FR2471553A1 (en) Heat sensor which may be installed in particular in a domestic chimney and method for bringing a fluid such as water to a higher temperature
US4250868A (en) Draft inducer/damper systems
US4204517A (en) Fireplace furnace
US4291670A (en) Gas fired fireplace insert with heat extractor
US4271816A (en) Fireplace
US2705488A (en) Fireplace heat exchanger
US2651299A (en) Gas burning heater with backdraft diverter