US2428764A - Apparatus for cold bending of large diameter thin walled pipe - Google Patents

Apparatus for cold bending of large diameter thin walled pipe Download PDF

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US2428764A
US2428764A US519362A US51936244A US2428764A US 2428764 A US2428764 A US 2428764A US 519362 A US519362 A US 519362A US 51936244 A US51936244 A US 51936244A US 2428764 A US2428764 A US 2428764A
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pipe
bending
shoes
bend
thin walled
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US519362A
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James D Cummings
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CRUTCHER ROLFS CUMMINGS COMPAN
CRUTCHER-ROLFS-CUMMINGS Co
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CRUTCHER ROLFS CUMMINGS COMPAN
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D7/00Bending rods, profiles, or tubes
    • B21D7/02Bending rods, profiles, or tubes over a stationary forming member; by use of a swinging forming member or abutment
    • B21D7/022Bending rods, profiles, or tubes over a stationary forming member; by use of a swinging forming member or abutment over a stationary forming member only
    • B21D7/0225Bending rods, profiles, or tubes over a stationary forming member; by use of a swinging forming member or abutment over a stationary forming member only using pulling members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D7/00Bending rods, profiles, or tubes
    • B21D7/02Bending rods, profiles, or tubes over a stationary forming member; by use of a swinging forming member or abutment
    • B21D7/022Bending rods, profiles, or tubes over a stationary forming member; by use of a swinging forming member or abutment over a stationary forming member only

Description

Oct. 7, 1947. J. D. CUMMINGS 2,428,764

APPARATUS FOR COLD BENDING OF LARGE DIAMETER THI N WALflED PIPE Filed Jan 22; 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 1' INVENTOR. JAnEs D. CUMMINGS.

Oct. 7, 1947. J. D. CUMMINGS APPARATUS FOR COLD BENDING OF LARGE DIAMETER THIN WALLED PIPE Filed Jan. 22, 1944 2 SheetsPS heet 2 QINVENTOR. IJAM E5 D. Gumnmes BY JQTTOIPIVEK Patented Oct. 7, 1947 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE APPARATUS FOR COLD BENDING OF LARGE DIAMETER THIN WALLED PIPE James D. Cummings, Houston, Tex assignor to Crutcher-Rolfs-Cummings Company, Houston, Tex., a corporation of Texas Application January 22, 1944, Serial No. 519,362

3 Claims. 1

The invention relates to a method and apparatus for the cold bending of large diameter thin walled pipe in order to fit such pipe into a pipe line or other location where a curved section of pipe is required.

In the laying of pipe line it is often desirable to make bends in the pipe on location because the exact angularity of the bend, the extent thereof and other requirements may not be predictable until the pipe is being actually placed in position and it is also desirable to transport the pipe in straight lengths or sections rather than transporting pre-bent or curved sections of pipe.

The present apparatus directsjtself tothe bending of relatively large diameter pipe such as sixteen, twenty and twenty-four inch pipe, particularly where such pipe has a relatively thin wall; for instance, as an illustration, but not a limitation, a twenty-four inch diameter pipe hav ing a wall thickness of one-quarter inch.

In the bending of such thin walled pipe the pipe must be internally supported to prevent its collapse on the one hand and on the other hand, it has been found that it is desirable to allow the pipe on the inside of the bend to wrinkle so as to accommodate the material subjected to compression because of the fact that the thin wall is incapable of being upset While cold as would be the case with a thicker walled pipe.

It is therefore one of the objects of the invention to provide a pipe bending machine which will permit the formation of spaced wrinkles on the inside of the bend in the pipe in order to relieve the stresses in the material.

Another object of the invention is to provide a pipe bending machine having a template and a series of pipe supporting shoes arranged adjacent thereto so that the pipe surface on the inside of the bend will be supported in such a manner as to form Wrinkles in the wall of the pipe as the bending operation is performed.

Another object of the invention is to provide a pipe bending machine having an anchor for one end of the pipe, a bending section to support the area to be bent while permitting wrinkling of said areas thereof in combination with a mechanism to exert a lateral pull on the free end of the pipe so as to cause it to bend around the bending section and to wrinkle and take on the desired configuration.

Another object of the invention is to provide a series of interconnected pipe supporting shoes which support a substantial area of the inside of the bend in the pipe but permit wrinkling of a pipe at such unsupported area.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a series of pipe supporting shoes for a pipe bending machine Where certain of the shoes are constructed of a configuration to encourage and permit the formation of a wrinkle in the pipe.

Another object of the invention is to provide the combination of a thin walled large diameter pipe having an internal supporting jig therein and a pipe bending machine which provides unsupported areas to encourage wrinkling of the pipe on the inside of the bend during the bending operation and the method of using such equipment.

Other and further objects of the invention will be readily apparent when the following description is considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

Fig. 1 is a top plan view looking down on a pipe bending machine embodying the invention where certain of the supporting shoes have been omitted.

Fig. 2 is a transverse section taken through the frame of the machine and illustrating the semi-cylindrical configuration of the shoes.

Fig. 3 is a broken horizontal sectional view through a modified arrangement of the shoes wherein some of the shoes are formed as dies to determine the configuration of the wrinkle being formed during the bending.

Fig. 4 is a broken horizontal sectional View of another arrangement of the shoes wherein the liner on certain of the shoes has been omitted to encourage the formation of a wrinkle at that location during the bending operation.

The present application is a continuation in part of my prior copending application, Serial No. 501,068, filed September 3, 1943, for a Portable machine for bending large diameter pipe, which has matured into Patent No. 2,347,593, issued April 25, 1944, wherein the general combination of the bending machine and the method are disclosed and. claimed.

The machine and the pipe are shown in top plan view in Fig. 1 where the machine 2 is made a suitable liner 26.

up of suitable beams, channels and the like, ar-

ranged in rigid relationship so as to support the anchor construction 3 at one end, the pipe bending assembly 4 adjacent the center and the pipe pulling equipment 5 at the other end. The general details of this construction are disclosed in my copending application, but generally include the longitudinal beams or skids l and 8 by which the machine is skidded from place to place or moved in loading and unloading. These base beams carry the uprights 9 which support the top girders II in the rear and I2 on the front. 'The front girder I2 is formed with inclined end portions 13 so as to provide a rigid support for the pipe bending assemblyA. It. seems obvious that this frame will be subjected to heavy stresses and it is therefore rigidly constructed.

The anchor assembly 3 includes a king pin Ifl which is vertically mounted in the frame and.

carries the yoke l I having a pipe holding bracket l2 thereon. As disclosed in the copending application this anchor may be mounted eccentrically to obtain adjustment to and from the frame in order to suitably support the pipe 15 and particularly the end l6 thereof which is to be anchored. In Fig. 1 the pipe I5 is shown as a straight section positioned in the machine preparatory to being bent by the application of a pull on the block and tackle H which makes up the pulling equipment 5 which is in turn connected to the pipe by a suitable cable or other hitch l8.

The pipe bending section 4 is made up of a I template 2%? which is shown in Fig. 1 as rigidly mounted upon the frame and would normally determine the curvature or inclination of the pipe as it is to be bent, but such template can be replaced with a template having a different curvature, it may be an adjustable template made up'in sections or suitable shims or plates may be positioned upon the various shoes 2| which go Each shoe 2| is seen in side view in Fig. 2 and is composed of a body 24 having a semicylindrical surface 25 therein which is arranged to receive either the surface of the pipe l5 or The body 24 has a vertical flange 2T thereon having a rear supporting face 28 that may contact the template 20 directly if desired, or a suitable number of shims or plates 29 of any desired thickness may be attached by the bolts 30 so as to position the pipe contacting surface at the desired distance to effect the. intended bending. One end of the series of shoes will be rigidly supported at 32 on the frame 2 and the various shoes will be interconnected by the vertical bolts 33 passing through the extension lugs 34 on the sides of the flanges so that the shoes may have relatively limited movement relative to each other in order to move back against the template 2!]. A davit 36 supported from the frame may carry a chain 31 to connect one of the end shoes 38 for supporting it in horizontal alignment with the rigid shoes 32. An ex-. tension 40 receives the coil spring 42 mounted in the guide cylinder 43 in the frame so as'to normally urge the shoes into axial alignment with the straight pipe when it is positioned in the machine. 7

The pipe section l5 operation were performed on the hollow pipe and no internal support provided. In order to provide support internally for the pipe a collapsi- I ble jigi 45' has been shown as having been in- I serted in thepipe.andisillustratedby.a;portion.

I may be'a thinlwalled pipe- 1 which would probably collapse if the bending to make up the series of shoes 22 which support the pipe [5.

ment to thefree end 41 so that a pull may be exerted" toward the frame of the machine.

As seen in Fig. 1 there are spaces 50 between adjacent pairs of shoes 22 where the inside surface 5|v of the pipe is unsupported on the exterior. It seems. obvious that under these circumstances that when a pull is exerted on the pipe. tending to bend it first at the point of the rigid shoes 32, and with the stresses distributed along the pipe,- that there will. be a tendency of a the inside surface 5| to wrinkle so as to accommodate the metal which is placed in compression on the: inside of the bend of the pipe. The jig inside thepipe supports the outsidev portion of the bend 53 so as to cause the metal to be stretched sufficiently that the pipe may be bent. 7

It. seems obvious that the spaces 50 may be provided at any desired distance apart by inserting or omitting such of the shoes as may be desired Of course, if a sharper bend is to be provided the wrinkles will be spaced closer together whereas if a slight bend is made, maybe only one.

or twowrinkles will be necessary in the pipe to obtain a proper bend.

A whole. series of shoes has been illustrated in Fig. 1, but if desired, only the. rigid shoes and the firstor second pairs of shoes may be pro.- vided, a short bend negotiated, and thenthe pipe. moved along axially of the machine and additional bends. made in the pipe- In some instances-as seen in .Fig. 4 the shoes 24 may be provided with the-liner 23 which forms a smooth. pipe supporting face 55.to bear against.

the periphery 56. of the; pipe. 'As seen in Fig. 4 certain of the shoes such as 51 may have the liner .26 omitted. therefrom so asto provide a space.

58 in. which the wrinkle 59 may form as the bending operation is accomplished. The omission of these liners, isa simple matter and can be arranged asthe pipe is inserted in the machine depending upon theparticular bend to be imparted-tome pipe and the spacing of the wrinkles desired. a

Fig. 2 shows another-arrangement where C81? tain of 'theliners such as 63; will be of a, special configuration which might be said to; be in the form of a: die havin a depression: or recess, 61 therein of the contour and configuration which is. desired for ,the; wrinkle 59.] In this manner the material placed under compression will flow into this recess BI and a large or small wrinkle. may be formed depending. upon the type of recessed. shoe: or die 60,.- which isprovided. It seems.

clear; that if desired, every one-of the liners 26.

couldbe; replaced withliners such as 63 having.

smal grooves therein to. provide] wrinkles ofuniform; ze; and. spa i Broadly the invention contemplates a means. and methodofbending. large diameter thin walled.

pipe by internally supporting the pipe while subjecting; it to bending. and allowing the wrinkling of the pipe wall oni-the inside ofthe. bend.

What: is claimed is:. T

r 1. 1A.;bending. shoe. for. .pipe...bendingl machines area being spaced from said first to provide an 0 unsupported portion whereby the pipe material may bulge thereinto.

2. A machine for the cold bending of large diameter pipe comprising a frame, a pipe anchor thereon, a pipe bending section thereon, means to exert a lateral pull on the free end of the pipe to cold bend the pipe around said section, said section including a plurality of adjacent shoes each having a pipe receiwng portion to resist the thrust of the cold metal bending, a recessed area in said pipe receiving portions which permits the metal of the pipe to bulge thereinto during the cold bending to form a crescent shaped bulge on the inside of the bend to relieve the stress of the metal.

3. A pipe bending section for large diameter pipe cold bending machines, comprising a plurality of pipe bending shoes, each shoe having a pipe engaging portion, means to support said shoes to resist the thrust of the pipe being bent, a recessed area in said pipe engaging portions to accommodate the bulging of the cold metal of the pipe at the inside of the bend and shaped to permit a crescent shaped bulge.

JAMES D. CUMMINGS. 85

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 360,288 Follett Mar. 29, 1887 748,237 Vanderman Dec. 29, 1903 784,101 Brinkman Mar.=7, 1905 819,545 Herr May 1, 1906 823,683 Hartman June 19, 1906 1,010,733 Dieckmann Dec. 5, 1911 1,198,187 Brinkman 1 Sept. 12, 1916 1,324,940 Theb'erath Dec. 16, 1919 1,439,559 Kumpf Dec. 19, 1922 1,576,337 Kumpf Mar. 9, 1926 1,741,840 Harmon et a1 Dec. 31, 1929 1,888,891 Schmidt Nov. 22, 1932 1,958,447 Quartz, et a1. May 15, 1934 2,273,655 Olsen Feb. 17, 1942 2,286,893 Boissou June 16, 1942 2,347,593 Cummings Apr. 25, 1944 2,371,393 Horrigan Mar. 13, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 356,781 Great Britain Sept. 14, 1931 408,825 Great Britain Apr. 19, 1934 455,607 Germany Feb. 4, 1928 688,157 Germany Feb. 14, 1940 808,208 France Nov. 6, 1936

US519362A 1944-01-22 1944-01-22 Apparatus for cold bending of large diameter thin walled pipe Expired - Lifetime US2428764A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2500980A (en) * 1948-11-15 1950-03-21 Crutcher Rolfs Cummings Compan Pipe-bending machine
US2547870A (en) * 1947-12-04 1951-04-03 Clarence L Kelso Pipe-bending apparatus
US6550303B2 (en) * 2000-01-26 2003-04-22 Dieco Manufacturing, Inc. Die for pipe bending apparatus
US20110259075A1 (en) * 2010-04-27 2011-10-27 Kirchmer Bryan R Pipe Bending Machine

Citations (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US360288A (en) * 1887-03-29 Edwaed p
US748237A (en) * 1897-06-17 1903-12-29 William Vanderman Pipe-bending form.
US784101A (en) * 1903-07-06 1905-03-07 Whitlock Coil Pipe Company Apparatus for bending pipe.
US819545A (en) * 1905-09-30 1906-05-01 C G Conn Company Device for bending tubing.
US823683A (en) * 1903-06-03 1906-06-19 Daniel W Conger Elbow-forming machine.
US1010733A (en) * 1906-01-18 1911-12-05 Adolph Dieckmann Mechanism for forming sheet-metal elbows.
US1198187A (en) * 1912-02-03 1916-09-12 Baltimore Tube Company Inc Pipe-bending machine.
US1324940A (en) * 1919-12-16 theberath
US1439559A (en) * 1921-09-24 1922-12-19 August D Kumpf Elbow-making machine
US1576337A (en) * 1925-05-16 1926-03-09 August D Kumpf Elbow-making machine
DE455607C (en) * 1926-12-24 1928-02-04 Alfred Hauschild The method of bending elbows with regular, projecting on the inner side of the sheet folding
US1741840A (en) * 1928-04-02 1929-12-31 Arthur J Harmon Pipe bender
GB356781A (en) * 1930-04-14 1931-09-14 Stewarts & Lloyds Ltd Improvements in and relating to the manufacture of bent pipes or tubes
US1888891A (en) * 1930-05-31 1932-11-22 Schmidt Alfred Process for manufacturing bent pipes
GB408825A (en) * 1933-05-25 1934-04-19 Stewarts & Lloyds Ltd Improvements in the manufacture of corrugated pipes and creased or corrugated pipe bends
US1958447A (en) * 1931-10-31 1934-05-15 Power Piping Company Pipe bend and method and apparatus for making the same
FR808208A (en) * 1935-10-16 1937-02-01 Cie De Fives Lille A method for the manufacture of tubes bent pleated
DE688157C (en) * 1936-08-07 1940-02-14 Fried Krupp Germaniawerft Ag Apparatus for producing corrugated sheet
US2273655A (en) * 1940-08-07 1942-02-17 Gustav E Larson Pipe bending machine
US2286893A (en) * 1937-08-23 1942-06-16 Pont A Mousson Fond Apparatus and method for bending pipes, bars, plates, and like pieces
US2347593A (en) * 1943-09-03 1944-04-25 Crutcher Rolfs Cummings Compan Portable machine for bending large diameter pipe
US2371393A (en) * 1944-01-28 1945-03-13 Joseph R Horrigan Pipe bending equipment

Patent Citations (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US360288A (en) * 1887-03-29 Edwaed p
US1324940A (en) * 1919-12-16 theberath
US748237A (en) * 1897-06-17 1903-12-29 William Vanderman Pipe-bending form.
US823683A (en) * 1903-06-03 1906-06-19 Daniel W Conger Elbow-forming machine.
US784101A (en) * 1903-07-06 1905-03-07 Whitlock Coil Pipe Company Apparatus for bending pipe.
US819545A (en) * 1905-09-30 1906-05-01 C G Conn Company Device for bending tubing.
US1010733A (en) * 1906-01-18 1911-12-05 Adolph Dieckmann Mechanism for forming sheet-metal elbows.
US1198187A (en) * 1912-02-03 1916-09-12 Baltimore Tube Company Inc Pipe-bending machine.
US1439559A (en) * 1921-09-24 1922-12-19 August D Kumpf Elbow-making machine
US1576337A (en) * 1925-05-16 1926-03-09 August D Kumpf Elbow-making machine
DE455607C (en) * 1926-12-24 1928-02-04 Alfred Hauschild The method of bending elbows with regular, projecting on the inner side of the sheet folding
US1741840A (en) * 1928-04-02 1929-12-31 Arthur J Harmon Pipe bender
GB356781A (en) * 1930-04-14 1931-09-14 Stewarts & Lloyds Ltd Improvements in and relating to the manufacture of bent pipes or tubes
US1888891A (en) * 1930-05-31 1932-11-22 Schmidt Alfred Process for manufacturing bent pipes
US1958447A (en) * 1931-10-31 1934-05-15 Power Piping Company Pipe bend and method and apparatus for making the same
GB408825A (en) * 1933-05-25 1934-04-19 Stewarts & Lloyds Ltd Improvements in the manufacture of corrugated pipes and creased or corrugated pipe bends
FR808208A (en) * 1935-10-16 1937-02-01 Cie De Fives Lille A method for the manufacture of tubes bent pleated
DE688157C (en) * 1936-08-07 1940-02-14 Fried Krupp Germaniawerft Ag Apparatus for producing corrugated sheet
US2286893A (en) * 1937-08-23 1942-06-16 Pont A Mousson Fond Apparatus and method for bending pipes, bars, plates, and like pieces
US2273655A (en) * 1940-08-07 1942-02-17 Gustav E Larson Pipe bending machine
US2347593A (en) * 1943-09-03 1944-04-25 Crutcher Rolfs Cummings Compan Portable machine for bending large diameter pipe
US2371393A (en) * 1944-01-28 1945-03-13 Joseph R Horrigan Pipe bending equipment

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2547870A (en) * 1947-12-04 1951-04-03 Clarence L Kelso Pipe-bending apparatus
US2500980A (en) * 1948-11-15 1950-03-21 Crutcher Rolfs Cummings Compan Pipe-bending machine
US6550303B2 (en) * 2000-01-26 2003-04-22 Dieco Manufacturing, Inc. Die for pipe bending apparatus
US20110259075A1 (en) * 2010-04-27 2011-10-27 Kirchmer Bryan R Pipe Bending Machine

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