US234496A - James simmons - Google Patents

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US234496A
US234496A US234496DA US234496A US 234496 A US234496 A US 234496A US 234496D A US234496D A US 234496DA US 234496 A US234496 A US 234496A
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plate
trunk
roller
simmons
james
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60BVEHICLE WHEELS; CASTORS; AXLES FOR WHEELS OR CASTORS; INCREASING WHEEL ADHESION
    • B60B33/00Castors in general; Anti-clogging castors
    • B60B33/04Castors in general; Anti-clogging castors adjustable, e.g. in height; linearly shifting castors
    • B60B33/06Castors in general; Anti-clogging castors adjustable, e.g. in height; linearly shifting castors mounted retractably
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/18Casters
    • Y10T16/193Leg elevators
    • Y10T16/1943Swinging

Description

(Model.)

J. SIMMONS. Trunk Caster.

No. 234,496. Patented Nov..16, 1880.

N. PEYERS. FHOTO-LITHOGRAPMER, WASHINGTON D C FFQE@ JAMES SIMMONS, OF EAST LONG BRANCH, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO EDWARD F. HARTLEY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

TRUNK-CASTER.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 234,496, dated November 16, 1880.

Application led September 8, 1880.

To all 'whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JAMES SIMMONS, of East Long Branch, in the county of Monmouth and State of New Jersey, have invented a new and v useful Improvementin Trunk-Casters, ot'which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to improvements in trunk-casters, which will prevent the frequent breaking ofthe rollers.

A trunk provided with my improved easter can, while on the door of a room or hall, or on any level surface, be easily rolled about, the roller protruding from the bottom; but before the trunk is given into the care of any express, steamboat, or railroad company, where the rollers areliable to be broken oft' by rough handling, the roller can be concealed by simply pushing it into a cavity in the trunk and cleat provided for that purpose, leaving the 2o remaining part ofthe easter stronger and more capable of resisting rough handling.

Figure l is a vertical central section of my easter, showing the roller in its position projecting' from the trunk. Fig. 2 is a similar section, showing the roller in the cavity, and

Fig. 3 is a side view of the caster.

a is the bottom of a trunk, and b the cleat attached thereto. The caster A is attached to the cleat and end or side X ofthe trunk in 3o suitable manner. The body of the caster is an angular plate, m, ot' sheet :metal or other material. lt is fastened to the bottom of the cleat and end of trunk, as shown, a cavity, n, being formed between part of said plate and the 3 5 trunk, into which the roller d may be pushed. The lower wing of plate m has a rectangular hole, which is iilled by a plate, B, that is pivoted at one end, c, to the said plate m, the other end carrying the trunk-roller d, which 4o is hung between upwardlyprojecting lugs e.

The end of the plate B carrying the roller is bent upward, as at o, and then outward to form a lip,f, having a shoulder, j", on its upper face. This lip j'reaehes to the outer side of the vertical wing of plate m. This vertical win g alsoha-s a rectangular hole, which receives a plate, O, that is pivoted at its upper end at g to plate m, and has an aperture, so as to admit of ready insertion of the finger.

g are lugs projecting inward from plate m (Model.)

and carrying the pivot-pin g. D is a spring which is riveted to the upper part ot' the vertical wing of plate m and bears against a projection, h, on plate C, above its pivot g, tending thereby to throw plate C against the trunk.

It willobe readily understood that the spring D tends to press the lower (preferably thickened) part ot' plate C against the shoulder f on plate B and over the lip f, thereby holding said plate B firmly and securely on a level with 6o the bottom of the plate m, as in Fig. l, and leaving the roller d to protrude from the easter, so that the trunk can be easily moved about, all as clearly shown in Fig. l.

The plate C, bearing upon plate B, prevents the same from swinging upward, and the lip j', resting on part of the vertical wing ot' plate m, prevents the plate B from dropping downward.

Now, when the trunk is tilted or lifted a 7c little, and by the iin ger being inserted into the hole in the plate C, said plate G is pulled outward against the pressure of spring D, as indicated inv dotted lines in Fig. 2. 4The plate C is withdrawn from D, and the plate B, carrying roller d, can now be pushed up into the cavity n, provided above it for that purpose. The plate O is now allowed to resume its normal position, which will bring its lower enlargement, t, beneath the lip f of the raised plateB, 8o as in Fig. 2, and thus eit'ectually prevent plate B from dropping downward. ln this position the roller d does not project beyond the plate m, and cannot therefore be broken off by even the most energetic baggage-Smasher. When the trunk is again carried into a room or hall the roller can be easily made to serve its purpose by merely allowing the plate B to drop and become locked in the position shown in Fig. l.

My invention also removes another great objeetion in the casters now in use. It is well

US234496D James simmons Expired - Lifetime US234496A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2484951A (en) * 1947-08-07 1949-10-18 Gerald G Kubo Retractable wheeled support for luggage
US2803510A (en) * 1954-04-02 1957-08-20 Gen Electric Cabinet, including retractable caster device
US3716890A (en) * 1972-05-22 1973-02-20 Warren Ind Corner bracket and roller assembly for sliding doors
US4397062A (en) * 1981-02-03 1983-08-09 Huang Jinn T Retractable roller assembly
US4979598A (en) * 1988-06-24 1990-12-25 Homas N.V. Suitcase frame
US5253389A (en) * 1992-09-21 1993-10-19 Odyssey Systems, Ltd. Foldable caster
US5375294A (en) * 1993-09-17 1994-12-27 Underkart Industries Of Canada Ltd. Retractable caster assembly
US20050120518A1 (en) * 2003-12-03 2005-06-09 Thompson Steven C. Caster assembly

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2484951A (en) * 1947-08-07 1949-10-18 Gerald G Kubo Retractable wheeled support for luggage
US2803510A (en) * 1954-04-02 1957-08-20 Gen Electric Cabinet, including retractable caster device
US3716890A (en) * 1972-05-22 1973-02-20 Warren Ind Corner bracket and roller assembly for sliding doors
US4397062A (en) * 1981-02-03 1983-08-09 Huang Jinn T Retractable roller assembly
US4979598A (en) * 1988-06-24 1990-12-25 Homas N.V. Suitcase frame
US5253389A (en) * 1992-09-21 1993-10-19 Odyssey Systems, Ltd. Foldable caster
US5375294A (en) * 1993-09-17 1994-12-27 Underkart Industries Of Canada Ltd. Retractable caster assembly
US20050120518A1 (en) * 2003-12-03 2005-06-09 Thompson Steven C. Caster assembly

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