US2333285A - Block-mold pallet cleaning machine - Google Patents

Block-mold pallet cleaning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
US2333285A
US2333285A US402623A US40262341A US2333285A US 2333285 A US2333285 A US 2333285A US 402623 A US402623 A US 402623A US 40262341 A US40262341 A US 40262341A US 2333285 A US2333285 A US 2333285A
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pallets
cleaning machine
scraper
block
machine
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US402623A
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Harry A Wellnitz
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Harry A Wellnitz
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/38Treating surfaces of moulds, cores, or mandrels to prevent sticking
    • B28B7/386Cleaning

Description

Nov. 2, 1943. H. A. WELLNITZ BLOCK-MOLD PALLET- CLEANING MACHINE Filed July 16, 1941.
. 21 Harrg Awvllniiz.
Patented Nov. 2, 1943 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BLOCK-MOLD PALLET CLEANING MACHINE Harry A. Wellnitz, Columbus, Ohio Application July 16, 1941, Serial No. 402,623
Claims.
This invention relates to an improved machine for cleaning pallets of the type employed in the molding of cementitious blocks or bodies. Such pallets, in use, collect deposits or encrustations of cementitious material, which must be removed before the pallets can be again used in molding operations. Hitherto, the removal of such deposits has been done by slow time-consuming hand methods which are laborious and relatively costly. It is, therefore, the object of the present invention to provide a cleaning machine for effecting the removal of such deposits from mold pallets in a thorough, expeditious and automatic manner.
Another object of the invention resides in the provision of a pallet cleaning machine in which the pallets to be cleaned are positively advanced along a longitudinally extending guideway, and while being so advanced are scraped, brushed and oiled and thereby effectively conditioned for further use.
With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the novel features of construction, combinations of elements and arrangements of parts, hereinafter more fully described and defined in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the improved pallet cleaning machine;
Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view taken through the machine.
Referring more particularly to the drawing, my improved cleaning machine comprises a frame composed of structural steel elements and which frame is formed to include a pair of longitudinally extending, parallel, transversely spaced angle members 5-5, the latter being suitably supported to constitute a guide. At one end the frame is provided with upstanding Vertical legs 6, which are appropriately spaced to form a magazine or hopper in which may be placed in superposed relationship a plurality of molding pallets 1. These pallets are usually formed from cast iron and include depending reenforcing flanges 8 which, when the pallets are stacked in the magazine, will be so disposed that the flanges 8 of the lowermost pallet will engage with and rest on the horizontal legs of the angle members 5.
Supported by the frame of the machine at one side thereof is an electric motor 9 which, through speed reducing gearing disposed in the casing Ill, effects the rotation of a horizontally journaled drive shaft II. The shaft H is equipped with a sprocket l2, around which is trained an endless chain l3. This chain also passes around a sprocket l4 mounted upon a horizontally journaled foot shaft IS. The links of the chain 53 have connected therewith at spaced intervals a plurality of fingers l6, so that when the chain is in motion and a stack of pallets arranged in the magazine, the said fingers will engage with the flanges 8 of the lowermost pallet, moving the latter from beneath the stack of pallets and causing positive movement of the withdrawn pallet along the guide furnished by the angle members 5. This action takes place at successive intervals, allowing each pallet to be separately withdrawn from the magazine, as will be clearly understood.
Supported above the annular members 5 adjacent to the front of the magazine is a heavy pressure roll ll, the horizontal shaft of said roll having its ends movably mounted in elongated slots provided in stationary side brackets l8.
Beyond the roll H, the angle members 5 have fixed to the sides thereof upstanding bearing boxes I9, and adjustably mounted in the vertical slots of these boxes are the'endsof a knife bar 20. The under side of this .bar'is formed with a longitudinally extending. recess in which is mounted for vertical adjustment a knife or scraper 2|, the latter being disposed at a slight angle to the transverse perpendicular of the machine bed or frame, in order to render the cutting action of the knife or scraper more effective in removing cementitious deposits from the upper surfaces of the pallets l. The pressure roll l'l serves to maintain the pallets against vertical movement While they are in engagement with the knife or scraper 2|.
Following the scraping of the pallets, the latter are advanced by the continued movement of the conveyor I 3 into engagementwith a rotary brush 22. The shaft of this brush has its ends journaled in bearings provided in connection with a pair of spaced uprights 23 arising from the angle members 5. One end of the brush shaft is provided with a pulley 24 around which is trained a belt 25, the latter being also trained over a second pulley 25. This pulley is carried by a shaft 21, journaled in connection with said uprights, and a sprocket 28 is fixed to the shaft 27, having its teeth engaged with the links of the conveyor chain 13. By this means, when the chain is in motion, rotary movement is imparted to the brush.
Supported by the upper portions of the uprights 23 is an oil container 29. The bottom of this container is provided with an outlet 30, in which is arranged an oil flow control valve 3l'. Oil discharged from the container 29 is deposited on the relatively stifi bristles of the brush 22 and by the action of the latter is deposited in a uniformly distributed manner over the upper surfaces of the pallets 1. After engagement with the brush, the pallets are removed from the discharge or foot end of the machine.
In view of the foregoing, it will be seen that the present invention provides a simple, effective and rapidly operating means for removing adhering deposits of cement and the like from the surfaces of mold pallets. The operation of the machine is substantially automatic insofar as its cleaning, brushing and oiling operations are concerned. Through its use, a large number of pallets may be quickly conditioned for further service, manual labor is greatly reduced and savings effected in the cost of such operations over p'rior practices.
While Ihave described what I consider to be a preferred embodiment of the present invention, nevertheless, it willbe understood that the same is subject to considerable variation or modification without departing from the essential features of the machine as defined in the following claims.
What is claimed is:
1. In a pallet cleaning machine of the type having a bed frame with a longitudinally extending way, means for positively moving the pallets to be cleaned along the way, and scraper means disposed for engagement with the pallets in their movement along the way, the combination of a pressure roll supported by the bed frame in advance of said scraper means and engageable with the pallets to maintain-the same against vertical movement while in. contact with said scraper means. i H I 2. In a pallet cleaning machine of the type having a bed frame with a longitudinally extending way, means for positively moving the pallets to be cleaned along the Way, scraper means disposed for engagement with the pallets in their movement alongtheway, and brush means engaging said pallets after contact thereof with said scraper, the combination of means for applying an oleaginous liquid to the brush during the operation thereof.
3, In a pallet cleaning machine of the type having a bed frame with a longitudinally extending way, means for positively moving the pallets to be cleaned along the way, and scraper means disposed for engagement with the pallets in their movement along the way, the combination of Weighted roll means supported by the bed frame in advance of said scraper means for yieldable engagement with the pallets to maintain the same against vertical movement while in contact with said scraper means. i
' 4. A machine for cleaning pallets employed in the molding of cementitious block, comprising a longitudinally extending bed frame for advancing pallets along-a longitudinally extending guideway formed with .said frame, an adjustable normally stationary scraper bar extending substantially transversely of said frame over said guideway,
saidbar being formed with a cutting edge for 'dislodging adhering cementitious deposits from the upper surfaces of said pallets, a weighted pressureroll rotatably journaled in connection with said bed frame, said roll being disposed above the guideway for engagement with the palq, lets, and rotary brush means supported above said guideway for removing loosened deposits from said pallets following the engagement. of the latter with the scraper bar. 7
5. A machine for cleaning pallets employed in the molding of cementitious block,- comprising a longitudinally extending bedframe for advancing pallets along a longitudinally extending guideway formed with said frame, an adjustable normally stationary scraper bar extending substantially transversely of said frame over said guide- 1 with the scraper bar, and means for applying an oleaginous liquid to said rotary brushmeans and the pallets engaged thereby.
HARRY A. WELLNITZ.
US402623A 1941-07-16 1941-07-16 Block-mold pallet cleaning machine Expired - Lifetime US2333285A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2508689A (en) * 1947-06-25 1950-05-23 Paul W Schick Corncob buttering machine
US2637057A (en) * 1948-09-30 1953-05-05 Leonard D Moore Machine for cleaning and scraping pallets of block molds
US2866990A (en) * 1956-10-26 1959-01-06 Maurice H Hartzell Space band cleaning apparatus
US3003460A (en) * 1957-12-09 1961-10-10 Wald Ind Inc Magnetic conveyor
US3035539A (en) * 1958-12-10 1962-05-22 Economy Forms Corp Form cleaning apparatus
US3050415A (en) * 1959-09-18 1962-08-21 E L Bruce Co Method and apparatus for applying a liquid to panels
US3083388A (en) * 1961-03-16 1963-04-02 Symons Mfg Co Machine for cleaning and reconditioning concrete wall form panels
US3246628A (en) * 1962-11-13 1966-04-19 King Sales & Engineering Co Gluer
US3321092A (en) * 1963-05-09 1967-05-23 Glaverbel Vacuum metallisation arrangement for materials in sheet form
US3425394A (en) * 1964-10-12 1969-02-04 Henri Rey Device for waxing skis
US3736901A (en) * 1971-06-04 1973-06-05 L Aspenson Tile grooving and painting machine
US3798065A (en) * 1970-11-13 1974-03-19 L Kitterman Tray washing system
FR2586610A1 (en) * 1985-08-28 1987-03-06 Passavant Werke METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING BRIQUETTES HAVING A CONSTANT SPECIFIC APPARENT WEIGHT AND CONSTANT DIMENSIONS
FR2688162A1 (en) * 1992-03-04 1993-09-10 Demler Sa PROCESS FOR PRODUCING PRESSURE MOLDED CONCRETE ELEMENTS AND APPARATUS FOR CARRYING OUT SAID METHOD.
US5414919A (en) * 1992-06-08 1995-05-16 Hughes Aircraft Company Apparatus for removing metallized leads bonded to metallized bond pads
US20080135061A1 (en) * 2006-12-07 2008-06-12 Millwood, Inc Pallet cleaning station and method
US20100071721A1 (en) * 2008-09-22 2010-03-25 Walsh Eric S Masonry Mold Cleaning Apparatus And Method

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2508689A (en) * 1947-06-25 1950-05-23 Paul W Schick Corncob buttering machine
US2637057A (en) * 1948-09-30 1953-05-05 Leonard D Moore Machine for cleaning and scraping pallets of block molds
US2866990A (en) * 1956-10-26 1959-01-06 Maurice H Hartzell Space band cleaning apparatus
US3003460A (en) * 1957-12-09 1961-10-10 Wald Ind Inc Magnetic conveyor
US3035539A (en) * 1958-12-10 1962-05-22 Economy Forms Corp Form cleaning apparatus
US3050415A (en) * 1959-09-18 1962-08-21 E L Bruce Co Method and apparatus for applying a liquid to panels
US3083388A (en) * 1961-03-16 1963-04-02 Symons Mfg Co Machine for cleaning and reconditioning concrete wall form panels
US3246628A (en) * 1962-11-13 1966-04-19 King Sales & Engineering Co Gluer
US3321092A (en) * 1963-05-09 1967-05-23 Glaverbel Vacuum metallisation arrangement for materials in sheet form
US3425394A (en) * 1964-10-12 1969-02-04 Henri Rey Device for waxing skis
US3798065A (en) * 1970-11-13 1974-03-19 L Kitterman Tray washing system
US3736901A (en) * 1971-06-04 1973-06-05 L Aspenson Tile grooving and painting machine
FR2586610A1 (en) * 1985-08-28 1987-03-06 Passavant Werke METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING BRIQUETTES HAVING A CONSTANT SPECIFIC APPARENT WEIGHT AND CONSTANT DIMENSIONS
FR2688162A1 (en) * 1992-03-04 1993-09-10 Demler Sa PROCESS FOR PRODUCING PRESSURE MOLDED CONCRETE ELEMENTS AND APPARATUS FOR CARRYING OUT SAID METHOD.
WO1993017846A1 (en) * 1992-03-04 1993-09-16 Demler S.A. Method for manufacturing die-cast concrete elements and apparatus therefor
US5414919A (en) * 1992-06-08 1995-05-16 Hughes Aircraft Company Apparatus for removing metallized leads bonded to metallized bond pads
US20080135061A1 (en) * 2006-12-07 2008-06-12 Millwood, Inc Pallet cleaning station and method
US20100071721A1 (en) * 2008-09-22 2010-03-25 Walsh Eric S Masonry Mold Cleaning Apparatus And Method

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