US2117148A - Hinge - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2117148A
US2117148A US121749A US12174937A US2117148A US 2117148 A US2117148 A US 2117148A US 121749 A US121749 A US 121749A US 12174937 A US12174937 A US 12174937A US 2117148 A US2117148 A US 2117148A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
hinge
spring
open
posts
notches
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US121749A
Inventor
Jesse S Clark
Original Assignee
Jesse S Clark
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jesse S Clark filed Critical Jesse S Clark
Priority to US121749A priority Critical patent/US2117148A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2117148A publication Critical patent/US2117148A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D3/00Hinges with pins
    • E05D3/02Hinges with pins with one pin
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D11/00Additional features or accessories of hinges
    • E05D11/10Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts
    • E05D11/1028Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open
    • E05D11/105Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open the maintaining means acting perpendicularly to the pivot axis
    • E05D11/1064Devices for preventing movement between relatively-movable hinge parts for maintaining the hinge in two or more positions, e.g. intermediate or fully open the maintaining means acting perpendicularly to the pivot axis with a coil spring perpendicular to the pivot axis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/538Resiliently biased hinge
    • Y10T16/5382Biased from either direction toward neutral position [e.g., double acting]
    • Y10T16/53822Helical spring transverse to hinge axis

Description

May 10, 1938.

J. s. cLA K HINGE Filed Jan. 22, 1937 Patented May 10, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2 Claims.

My invention contemplates and provides improvements in the construction and operation of double-acting hinges for use on doors, gates or similar closures.

Thus, I provide a hinge swinging freely in either direction about its hinging axes. I further provide in a double-acting hinge, a spring which not only acts toclose the door, gate or the like with which the hinge is associated, but also retains the closure in an open position. Other objects of the invention reside in details of construction and arrangement of parts inherent in the specific embodiment of my invention shown in the accompanying drawing, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the hinge when swung to an open position, and

Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the hinge in its closed position and also showing in dotted lines the open position of the swinging hinge member.

As shown in the two views of the drawing, the hinge comprises two hinge members, each provided with U-shaped pieces. The U-shaped piece 4 of one member carries posts 2 at its four outermost corners, for rocking engagement with the notches l at the four outermost corners of. the other U-shaped piece 5. The latter U-shaped piece being slightly narrower, the two cooperating hinge members may rock freely with the respective posts and notches in engagement. While the vertical inner portion of each U-shaped piece provides a flat base suitable for use in attaching the hinge, I also provide a pair of attaching straps or wings 6 on each hinge member. These straps extend from the ends of the flat bases in a direction opposite from the extended portions of the U-shaped pieces. The door and frame are secured between these straps which may be arranged to fit close to the sides thereof. Holes 1 in the straps receive the usual fastening means, as seen in the drawing.

The spring action of my hinge is obtained by the use oi a spiral spring 3 having its respective ends fastened centrally of each of the flat base portions of the U-shaped pieces, as shown in the drawing. This spring serves to hold the two hinge members in assembled, working relation and in rocking the hinge about two of the vertically aligned sets of posts and notches the spring acts to urge the hinge to closed position. Moreover, if the hinge is rocked open far enough to allow the axis of the spring to swing outward past the axis of one set of posts and notches the spring will then yieldingly retain the hinge in its extreme open position. The simple coil spring shown can be replaced at low cost, in the event it becomes broken.

From the foregoing it is obvious that I have provided a double-acting hinge of simple and rugged construction and further made provision for a spring in the construction, thus providing greater utility for hinges of the kind described.

I claim:

1. The combination in a hinge of two U-shaped pieces each comprising a fiat base portion and two flat rectangular extending portions with posts fixed to the outer corners of the extending portions of one U-shaped piece and notches in corresponding corners of the other U-shaped piece to engage the posts in assembled relation of the hinge, one of the U-shaped pieces being narrower than the other to allow the hinge to work freely.

2. A hinge, as defined in claim 1 wherein the respective ends of a spiral spring are attached to the two U-shaped pieces between the two hinging axes of each piece to spring urge the two pieces to closed position and with the hinge in a wide open position the spring acting to retain the hinge open.

JESSE S. CLARK.

US121749A 1937-01-22 1937-01-22 Hinge Expired - Lifetime US2117148A (en)

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US121749A US2117148A (en) 1937-01-22 1937-01-22 Hinge

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US121749A US2117148A (en) 1937-01-22 1937-01-22 Hinge

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US2117148A true US2117148A (en) 1938-05-10

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US121749A Expired - Lifetime US2117148A (en) 1937-01-22 1937-01-22 Hinge

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2449466A (en) * 1945-04-18 1948-09-14 Lionel Corp Coupling device for use in toy railroads
US2505467A (en) * 1947-02-17 1950-04-25 Walter O Eilert Gate having multiple pintle spring hinge means
US2532996A (en) * 1948-04-05 1950-12-05 Otho A Clark Hinge structure for spraying attachments
US2659493A (en) * 1946-05-29 1953-11-17 Ralston Eldon Kipp Laundry hanger
US4523736A (en) * 1982-03-02 1985-06-18 Societe Manzoni-Bouchot Device for mounting a rearview mirror casing on a support member
US4675858A (en) * 1984-11-26 1987-06-23 Staar S.A. Obturating door for slot-type playback and/or recording apparatus
US4676015A (en) * 1984-04-02 1987-06-30 Custom Stamping & Manufacturing Company Over-center sign stand
US4951407A (en) * 1987-11-04 1990-08-28 Flex-O-Lite, Inc. Yieldable sign stand
FR2698121A1 (en) * 1992-11-13 1994-05-20 Chene Richard Articulation system between two rigid elements, for example between a branch and a spectacle frame face, and corresponding hinge method.
US5417616A (en) * 1994-07-07 1995-05-23 Amf Bowling, Inc. Spring biased bumper bowling system
US6168341B1 (en) * 1996-03-15 2001-01-02 Richard C. Chene Device for protecting and guiding an elongate part connected via a hinge to two mutually hinged rigid elements, and industrial applications thereof
US20110005139A1 (en) * 2009-07-09 2011-01-13 Wistron Corporation Door panel opening and closing device for a casing
US20150225922A1 (en) * 2012-02-21 2015-08-13 Soucy International Inc. Support Frame for an Implement

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2449466A (en) * 1945-04-18 1948-09-14 Lionel Corp Coupling device for use in toy railroads
US2659493A (en) * 1946-05-29 1953-11-17 Ralston Eldon Kipp Laundry hanger
US2505467A (en) * 1947-02-17 1950-04-25 Walter O Eilert Gate having multiple pintle spring hinge means
US2532996A (en) * 1948-04-05 1950-12-05 Otho A Clark Hinge structure for spraying attachments
US4523736A (en) * 1982-03-02 1985-06-18 Societe Manzoni-Bouchot Device for mounting a rearview mirror casing on a support member
US4676015A (en) * 1984-04-02 1987-06-30 Custom Stamping & Manufacturing Company Over-center sign stand
US4675858A (en) * 1984-11-26 1987-06-23 Staar S.A. Obturating door for slot-type playback and/or recording apparatus
US4951407A (en) * 1987-11-04 1990-08-28 Flex-O-Lite, Inc. Yieldable sign stand
CN1058545C (en) * 1992-11-13 2000-11-15 里夏尔·什尼 System of articulation between two rigid elements, for example between a temple and the front part of an eyeglass frame, and the corresponding articulation process
WO1994011606A1 (en) * 1992-11-13 1994-05-26 Richard Chene Method and system for hinging two rigid elements
FR2698121A1 (en) * 1992-11-13 1994-05-20 Chene Richard Articulation system between two rigid elements, for example between a branch and a spectacle frame face, and corresponding hinge method.
US5417616A (en) * 1994-07-07 1995-05-23 Amf Bowling, Inc. Spring biased bumper bowling system
US6168341B1 (en) * 1996-03-15 2001-01-02 Richard C. Chene Device for protecting and guiding an elongate part connected via a hinge to two mutually hinged rigid elements, and industrial applications thereof
US20110005139A1 (en) * 2009-07-09 2011-01-13 Wistron Corporation Door panel opening and closing device for a casing
US8381447B2 (en) * 2009-07-09 2013-02-26 Wistron Corporation Door panel opening and closing device for a casing
US20150225922A1 (en) * 2012-02-21 2015-08-13 Soucy International Inc. Support Frame for an Implement
US10017915B2 (en) * 2012-02-21 2018-07-10 Soucy International Inc. Support frame for an implement

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