US203557A - Improvement in storing-tanks for petroleum - Google Patents

Improvement in storing-tanks for petroleum Download PDF

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US203557A
US203557A US203557DA US203557A US 203557 A US203557 A US 203557A US 203557D A US203557D A US 203557DA US 203557 A US203557 A US 203557A
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shell
tank
tanks
rim
storing
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/02Wall construction
    • B65D90/023Modular panels
    • B65D90/026Parallel slats

Description

F. K. PLUMBLY. Storing Tank for Petroleumx Patented Mav 14, 1878.
MEQ
WASHINGTON, D. C.
UNITED' S'rnrns PATENT QFFrcn.
Fnnnnmo k. FLUMFLY, 0F BUFFALO, NEW vonk.
IMPROVEMENT IN STORING-TNKS FOR PETROLEUM.
x Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 203,557, dated May 14, 1878 5 `application filed February 26, 1878. g
To all whom 'it 'may concern:
Be it known that I, FREDERIC K. PLUMBLY, Aof Buffalo, in thecounty of Erie and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements on a Storing'lank for Petroleum, &c., and I do hereby declare that the following description of my said invention, taken in connection with the accompanying sheet of drawings, forms a full, clear, and exact specification, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same. 1
This invention has special reference topetroleum and other tanks; and it consists in the peculiar arrangement of parts and details of construction, as hereinafter rst fully described, and then pointed out in the claims.
The object of this invention is the production of a storage-tank for petroleum, water, l Snc.,
to be used along railroads, in the various oil regions, 8vo., which tanks shall be cheap and durable, and capable of being manufactured within shops remote from the places where said tanks are to be used, shipped to ls uch placesin parts, and there erected in a short space of time and 4at but little expense.
Heretofore such storage-tanks were mainly made on the spot Where the tank was to be used, and in the largest majority of cases remote "from any places of habitation and manufacturing facilities. Such tanks were and are now made of a wooden bottom and a metallic shell, composed of a number of sheets riveted together on thespot, which is very expensive and troublesome,"owing, as heretofore men-` tioned, to 4the absence of any manufacturing ffacilities.
The tanks when thus made are almost invariably of inferior quality, because good workmanship `cannot under these difficult circumstances be obtained. To overcome these drawbacks and objections, I construct my tank in the manner hereinafter described, which tank can be manufactured entirely in the shop, then taken to pieces and shipped to its place of destination, and again put together in a very short space of time.
In the` drawings hereinbefore mentioned,
which serve to illustrate my invention morev fully, and form a part of this specification, Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional elevation of a storage-tank constructed in accordance l. with my invention. Fig. 2 is a perspective view of a tank-shell rolled up for transporta tion. Fig. 3 is a plan of a fragment of the upper ring of my tank.
Irikeletters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
A is one part of the bottom of my tank. It consists of planks, which may be tongued and grooved, if desired, to render the j oints stronger and tighter, said tongung and grooving being, however, not an essential part in this bottom.
' O11 the top of these planks, and with their joints running at right angles to those of the planks A, I place a series of planks, B, preferably tongued and grooved together. These planks are cut circular on their outer edge to the'size of the tank to `be constructed, and will be doweled or spiked to the planks A on the place where the tank is to be iinally erected. The bottom Ais made sufficiently larger than the tank to be produced to enable a segmental rim, C, to be fastened to said bottom on the exterior of the shell D. This shell is constructed of sheets of iron riveted to gether,'with the exception of one seam, and placed upon the bottom part A. In the interior of the shell I construct a frame, consisting ofthe top rim E and a number of posts, F, securelyfastened to the rim E, and brace said top rim to the bot cover or roof of this tank I construct of the annular rim H and a series of rafters, I, which rafters are secured to the rims H and E by spikes, &c. The roofing proper consists of the sheets J, cut in segments, and nailed or otherwise fastened to the rim H and rafters I,
the outer end of said sheets beingbent down-- seam, and the sheetis then formed into a circle of sufliciently smaller size than the actual diameter of the tank to allow its being expanded or unrolled to the actual diameter without permanently setting it to such `com B by obliquely-arranged rods Gr. The
actual diameter, the difference being as much as the natural elasticity of the metal will yield, and the ends secured together by screwbolts passing through the perforations. To render this seam perfectly tight I interpose between the metal a strip of leather, cotton, ticking, or similar textile fabric, coated on both sides with metallic paint. This shell is then placed upon the bottom A and the bottom B placed into the interior of said shell. Now I secure the segmental rim 0 on the outside of the shell D, and then calk the joint on the lower edge of same with oakum or similar suitable material or substance. The interior frame-work is then placed in proper position, and the tank, being thus completed, is taken apartin a reverse order of operations of that heretofore described. The shell D is now rolled into a bundle, as shown in Fig. 2, for shipment, hoops or other fastenings being employed to preserve the compactness of the bundle during shipment. The diameter of this bundle is as much smaller'than that into which the shell D is originally rolled as the elasticity of the metal will allow without permanently setting it to such smaller diameter, so that when reaching its designated place this bundle can be readily unrolled and the shell screwed together by the bolts L without bending or otherwise altering the shape of the sheets of which the shell D is composed, the metal readily assuming its normal curved contour, after which the erection of the tank can be readily undertaken by any one possessing sufficient skill to put the parts together.
By rolling the sheets of the shell D, as described, I am enabled to form the same into a bundle of sufficiently smaller size than that of the tank to be produced to accommodate it to the shipping facilities usually oifered for its transportation to its designated place, and l can do so without fear of starting the seams of the sheets, which, if the shell were rolled into a smaller diameter than that described, would invariably take place, and thus require reriveting.
To tighten the rim E in the shell D, and thereby to expand the sheeting, I use double wedges N, which are vertically inserted into the segmental rim, as shown in Fig. l, and when driven spread the said rim, and thus produce the desired result, the segments of which said rim is composed being otherwise secured by dowels I.
rlhe shell D, being calked lon its llower extremity at P, causes the planks B to move toward each other, and thus to tighten the joints. If found necessary, the joints in said bottom B vmay be further secured by calking in the same manner as the exterior joint P.
It. will be observed that the rim E is braced .to the bottom B by the rods Gr, and that the shell D is nailed or otherwise fastened tothe l posts F and rim E. lBy this construction I am enabled to use considerably lighter iron for the shell than that now used without affecting the strength and durability of the tank, thus making my tank cheaper than those and enabling me to roll the shell into a bundle for transportation.
It is evident that tap-holes can be pla'ced anywhere in the shell to withdraw the contents of the tank. I prefer, however, to place and fasten short planks N on the inner side of said shell, and to screw the faucet into this plank, whereby a'securer and firmer means of attachment is obtained than by simply fastening the faucet to the iron shell.
e YShould the calking of the joint P cause the lower extremity of the shell D to spread outward, I shall drawa band or hoop around the lower extremity to re-enforce said lower end. It is obvious that a tank constructed as above specified is applicable to many purposes in malt-houses, breweries, &c., where very large tanks are frequently required. In such a case I shall use three or more thicknesses of planking in the bottomto increase the strength of said tanks, and may also use a series'ot rims, E, placed one above the other a suitable distance apart, to secure the shell D at points intermediate between the top and bottom of the tank.
Having thus fully described my invention,
I desire to secure to me by Letters Patent of the United States- 1. In storing-tanks, the combination, with the sheeting D, of the rim E, provided with the wedges N, and the calked joint P between said sheeting and the bottom B, as and for the use and purpose specified.
2. In storing-tanks, the combination, with the sheeting D, of the rim E, having the wedges N arranged to expand said rim E, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
3. In storing-tanks, the combination, with the multiple bottom A B, arran ed in relation to each other, as described, of t e shell D and the calked joint P, as specified, for the object stated.
4. A storage-tank consisting, essentially, of the multiple bottom A B, arranged in relation to each other as specified, the shell D, placed over the interior bottom B, posts F, rim E, and the segmental rim C, as and for the purpose described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have hereto set my hand and affixed my seal in the presence of two subscribin g witnesses.
FREDERIC K. PLUMBLY. [L. s]
Witnesses:
MICHAEL J. STARK, FRANK HIRscH.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2420488A (en) * 1943-02-06 1947-05-13 Vidal Corp Method of forming laminated hollow structures

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2420488A (en) * 1943-02-06 1947-05-13 Vidal Corp Method of forming laminated hollow structures

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