US20180140797A1 - Mask and headgear connection - Google Patents

Mask and headgear connection Download PDF

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Publication number
US20180140797A1
US20180140797A1 US15873195 US201815873195A US2018140797A1 US 20180140797 A1 US20180140797 A1 US 20180140797A1 US 15873195 US15873195 US 15873195 US 201815873195 A US201815873195 A US 201815873195A US 2018140797 A1 US2018140797 A1 US 2018140797A1
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Prior art keywords
connector
patient
mask
respiratory mask
headgear
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Pending
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US15873195
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Michael Kassipillai Gunaratnam
Philip Rodney Kwok
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ResMed Ltd
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ResMed Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0683Holding devices therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0616Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with face sealing means comprising a flap or membrane projecting inwards, such that sealing increases with increasing inhalation gas pressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0616Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with face sealing means comprising a flap or membrane projecting inwards, such that sealing increases with increasing inhalation gas pressure
    • A61M16/0622Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with face sealing means comprising a flap or membrane projecting inwards, such that sealing increases with increasing inhalation gas pressure having an underlying cushion
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0633Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with forehead support
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0633Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with forehead support
    • A61M16/0638Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with forehead support in the form of a pivot
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0605Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient
    • A61M16/0633Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with forehead support
    • A61M16/0644Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with forehead support having the means for adjusting its position
    • A61M16/065Means for improving the adaptation of the mask to the patient with forehead support having the means for adjusting its position in the form of a pivot
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0666Nasal cannulas or tubing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/08Bellows; Connecting tubes ; Water traps; Patient circuits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/08Bellows; Connecting tubes ; Water traps; Patient circuits
    • A61M16/0816Joints or connectors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/02General characteristics of the apparatus characterised by a particular materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/06Head
    • A61M2210/0618Nose
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/45471Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration
    • Y10T24/45524Projection having movable connection between components thereof or variable configuration including resiliently biased projection component or surface segment
    • Y10T24/45529Requiring manual force applied against bias to interlock or disengage

Abstract

A connector arrangement joining a respiratory mask and headgear is adapted for single-handed disengagement by the patient. A first, rigid connector part is formed into the rigid mask frame, with a mating second connector attached to a strap of the headgear. The connectors are held away from the patient's face by the connection to the mask frame.

Description

    CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
  • This application is a is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 14/479,915, filed Sep. 8, 2014, now allowed, which is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 13/455,283, filed Apr. 25, 2012, now U.S. Pat. No. 8,844,532, which is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 12/537,663, filed Aug. 7, 2009, now U.S. Pat. No. 8,210,181, which is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/090,173, filed Mar. 6, 2002, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,600,513, which is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 09/504,220, filed Feb. 15, 2000, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,374,826, which is a Continuation-In-Part of U.S. Design application Ser. No. 29/115,618, filed Dec. 16, 1999, now Design Pat. No. 443,355. This application also claims the benefit of Australian Provisional Application No. PQ1040, filed Jun. 18, 1999, and Australian Design Application No. 1916/99, filed Jun. 18, 1999. The specifications and drawings of each of the documents identified above are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.
  • FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention relates to a connector for use with a mask and headgear suitable for the delivery of breathable gases to a patient for the treatment of sleep disordered breathing (SDB).
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Respiratory masks used in the treatment of SDB may comprise either a nasal mask, designed to fit over a patient's nose, or a full face mask designed to fit over the nose and mouth of the patient. Air or other breathable gas is supplied by a blower and passed along a flexible conduit to the mask.
  • The mask generally comprises a relatively rigid shell, termed a frame, which defines a rearwardly opening cavity covering the patient's nose and/or mouth and a soft portion, termed a cushion, which spaces the frame away from the face for comfortable contact.
  • The masks are typically held in place using headgear, the mask and headgear being joined using some form of connector.
  • One known example is the Mirage® Mask (ResMed Limited), shown in FIG. 1. In this case, the headgear 100 is constructed from fabric and includes a rear portion, which engages the region near the occiput of the patient, and four straps 110 which are secured to a forehead support 120 (2 straps) and nasal mask frame 130 (2 straps). The straps include hook and loop material, such as Velcro™ on one side. The mask frame and forehead supports include loops 140 through which a strap can pass. In order to secure the mask in place on a patient's head, the four straps are passed through the four corresponding loops and held in place at an appropriate length by the hook and loop material. The patient can adjust the length of the material in order to secure a good fit of the mask. In some cases, it can require considerable adjustment to find the optimal length of straps which is required. A difficulty with this connector is that if the patient removes the mask by loosening the straps, they will lose what may have been a good fit of the mask the next time it is being used. In this case they will need to repeat the adjustment step.
  • Another known manner of connecting the mask and headgear is shown in FIGS. 2a, 2b and 2c . In this headgear, a short strap length 200 is secured to one side of the mask, with a two-part, press-release connector 210, 220 attaching this to the strap 250 of the headgear. One disadvantage of the approach of using this arrangement is that the connector may be difficult to release because the connector is free to move relative to the mask frame. A further disadvantage of this arrangement is that the connector may be in contact with the patient's face which may lead to discomfort in use, particularly if they sleep on their side.
  • More detailed views of this prior art connector are shown in FIGS. 2b and 2c . Each part of the connector includes a bar 230, 240 behind which a respective one of the straps 200, 250 may be passed. The male portion 220 of the connector includes a resilient cantilever 260 which is captured behind a bar 270 on the female portion 210. The cantilever is depressed to engage and disengage the connector. A further disadvantage of this particular connector, best seen in FIG. 2b , is that it may be awkward to disengage the connector because of the close positioning of the bar 270 to the cantilever 260.
  • Another known mask and headgear connector is shown in FIG. 3a to FIG. 3d . This comprises a flexible part 310 positioned on the outer surface of a flexible mask frame 300 and a rigid part 320 formed generally as a D-ring with a loop to which the headgear strap is attached. The flexible part consists of a base 330 supporting an upper portion 340 (best illustrated in FIG. 3a ) which overhangs the base portion 330 and has a narrow central region 350. In order to engage and disengage the connector, the flexible part 310 must be deformed whilst the D-ring of the rigid part is pushed over the upper portion 340 to engage below the overhanging ledge. This arrangement is awkward to engage and disengage and typically requires two hands.
  • Another known mask and headgear connector consists of hooks on the end of the headgear straps and corresponding holes in the mask frame. To engage the mask and headgear connector, the hook is passed through one of the corresponding holes on the headgear. This arrangement is also awkward to engage and disengage and typically requires two hands. Also, it is possible for the hooks to disengage during sleep as there is no locking means for the connection.
  • There is a need for a connector arrangement which is simple and quick to operate.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention provides, in one form, a respiratory mask and headgear combination comprising a respiratory mask having a rigid mask frame, adjustable headgear for securing said mask on a patient, said headgear including at least one attachment strap, said mask frame having rigidly secured thereto a rigid first connector, further comprising a second connector adapted for releasable mating with said first connector, said second connector having means for connection of said attachment strap of the headgear.
  • The invention further provides a respiratory mask and headgear combination adopted for single-handed disengagement, comprising a rigid mask frame, adjustable headgear for securing said mask on a patient, said headgear including at least one attachment strap, said mask frame having rigidly secured thereto a rigid first connector, further comprising a second connector connected to said strap of said headgear, said second connector being adapted for releasable mating with the first connector and having first and second gripping surfaces positioned for gripping of said second connector between a thumb and finger of a patient's hand and release means positioned for operation by another finger of the patient's hand.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • Further embodiments of the invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
  • FIG. 1 shows the prior art Mirage® mask and headgear assembly.
  • FIG. 2a shows a front view of a prior art mask and headgear assembly.
  • FIG. 2b shows further detail of the prior art mask and headgear connector shown in FIG. 2 a.
  • FIG. 2c shows a cross-sectional view of the prior art mask and headgear connector shown in FIG. 2 b.
  • FIG. 3a shows a side view of another prior art mask and headgear connector where the two parts are not engaged.
  • FIG. 3b shows a top view of the prior art connector shown in FIG. 3a , where the two parts are engaged.
  • FIG. 3c shows a perspective view of the prior art connector shown in FIG. 3a , where the two parts are engaged.
  • FIG. 3d shows a side view of the prior art connector shown in FIG. 3a , where the two parts are engaged.
  • FIG. 4 shows a front view of a mask frame incorporating a female portion of the connector according to one embodiment of the invention.
  • FIG. 5 shows a perspective view of the mask frame of FIG. 4.
  • FIG. 6a shows a front view of a male portion of the connector adapted for use with the mask frame of FIGS. 4 and 5.
  • FIG. 6b shows a side view of FIG. 6 a.
  • FIG. 6c shows a sectional view along A-A of FIG. 6 a.
  • FIG. 6d shows a perspective view of FIG. 6 a.
  • FIGS. 7a and 7b show an embodiment of the invention where the cross-bar on the male portions of the connectors have different angles.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • FIGS. 4 and 5 illustrate a mask frame 400 for a nasal mask, formed as a moulded shell of polycarbonate or similar rigid material, which acts as a body onto which the other components of the mask are attached.
  • The frame 400 is generally triangular in front view, having a base 410, a pair of inclined side walls 420 extending towards an apex and a front wall 430. The frame defines a mask cavity covering the patient's nose, and is open at its rear. A rim 440 at the rear edge of the base 410 and side walls 420 approximates the contours of the patient's face and is adapted for attachment of a soft mask cushion (not shown) to space the frame away from the patient's face for sealing and comfort. The apex of the frame has an extension 450 for attachment of a forehead support (not shown).
  • In the illustrated mask frame, a gas inlet aperture 460 is formed in the front wall 430, for connection of a gas supply conduit or similar, which may include an elbow connector (not shown) pivotably connected to the frame. In other forms of mask, the gas inlet aperture may be formed at the apex of the frame.
  • Integrally moulded into the lower corner regions of the rigid mask frame are a pair of female connector parts 470, for receiving the leading portions of the male connector parts 600, 700 illustrated in FIGS. 6a to 6d , or FIGS. 7a and 7b . These female connector parts open generally to the side of the mask, but are angled slightly downwards and rearwards (relative to the orientation of the mask frame) so that they hold the male connectors approximately parallel to that part of the patient's cheek region which the connectors overlie. The connectors are held clear of the patient's face by the rigid mask frame 400.
  • The female connectors 470 each define a recess which opens towards a side of the mask and which approximates a rounded-cornered rectangular in end view, adapted to provide a close fit with the corresponding male connectors 600,700 when engaged. These end shapes are preferably slightly asymmetric (keyed) so as to prevent upside-down insertion of the male connector.
  • A front wall 480 of the female connector has a pair of sockets 490 at least on its inner surface, for receiving respective lugs 610 of the male connector 600. The end of the front wall may also have a curved cut-out portion 500, as will be described below.
  • A corresponding male connector part 600 is illustrated in FIGS. 6a to 6 d.
  • The male connector has a leading portion 620 which is received in the recess of the female connector 470, and a trailing portion 630 which remains outside the recess. The leading portion includes upper and lower side beams 640 connected by a cross-piece 650 at their leading ends, and a resiliently biased cantilever member 660 depending from the cross-piece 650 and extending back towards the trailing portion. The cantilever has on its front surface the lugs 610, and a ridge 670 at its trailing edge. The cantilever has on its back surface an arcuate projection 615 at a position between the lugs 610 and the ridge 670.
  • The locating lugs 610 have a rounded wedge profile so as to allow reduce wear and provide smooth engagement. The wedge profile does allow insertion of the male connector 600 into the female connector 470 on the mask without depression of the cantilever, although in preferred operation the patient will depress the cantilever by pushing on ridge 670 for both engagement and disengagement. Once the male connector has been inserted sufficiently to snap the locating lugs 610 into engagement with corresponding sockets 490 of the female connector, disengagement can occur only by depression of the cantilever.
  • The trailing portion 630 of the male connector has a cross-bar 680 forming a loop through which the headgear strap can be passed and adjusted for proper fit. Upper and lower sides 690 of the trailing portion have grooves or other formations to make it more easily gripped by the patient's fingers, while the distance between the leading side of the cross-bar 680 and the trailing edge and ridge 670 of the cantilever is preferably at least 5 mm to allow easy connection of the strap and provide sufficient space for a finger to push on the cantilever ridge, even when the strap is attached. The arcuate cut-out 500 in the female connector front wall is configured to contact an arcuate ridge 675 of the male connector 660 in the connected state and allows clearance for an end of the finger to overhang the ridge 670 when the ridge is being contacted by the pad of the finger.
  • FIGS. 7a and 7b illustrate a male connector 700 which is a variation on that of FIGS. 6a to 6d , in that the cross bars 710 a, 710 b for attachment of the headgear strap are set at an angle.
  • The shape, dimensions and position of the connectors may be optimised for most convenient use. For example, the male connector may be approximately 20 mm wide, 25 mm long and 10 mm thick. The cantilever 660 is approximately 15 mm long. The locating lugs 610 are approximately 3 mm long, 2 mm wide and 1 mm high, and the ridge is approximately 14 mm wide and has a length of approximately 5 mm.
  • The female connectors 470 are oriented on the mask frame so that in use the straps of the headgear are aligned to be approximately parallel with the sides of the face with which they make contact. When viewed from the front of the mask (the view in FIG. 4), the tops of the left and right hand side male connector's cross-bars 680 are further apart than the bottoms of the cross-bars. When viewed from the top the mask, the connectors are aligned to be positioned on an arc of an ellipse. An advantage from this arrangement is that when straps are connected and tensioned, the line of force will be more evenly transferred from the mask to the frame.
  • Both portions of the connector are preferably constructed from polycarbonate, such as Makrolon 2458 polycarbonate from Bayer, or similar rigid plastics material. The female portions of the connectors are clear and desirably are integrally moulded with the mask frame which is formed of the same polycarbonate material, thus ensuring a permanent, rigid attachment of the female connector to the mask frame and minimising the number of separate parts. The male portions may be frosted or textured. An advantage from using a frosted or slightly textured surface is that the male portion may be easier to distinguish from the female portion by touch. This is an advantage in the dark, the typical time when the mask is being used by a patient.
  • The configuration thus allows single-hand operation of the connector using, for example, thumb and index finger to grip the grooved sides 690 of the male connector and the middle finger to depress the cantilever. The connectors may be located on both the left and right hand side of the mask. In this way persons may use which ever side is most convenient to them. Alternatively the frame may be formed with only one connector, to reduce manufacturing costs.
  • In one unillustrated embodiment, the press release mechanism may be adapted to be operated by pressing the top and/or bottom sides of the male connector.
  • By rigidly forming one part of the connector onto the mask frame, the patient does not need to use both hands to disconnect the mask for removal. Thus, the arrangement facilitates quick and easy disconnection even though the connector will be out of patient's line of vision and the patient may be less than fully awake or in an anxious state.
  • A further advantage of using female portions 470 integrated with the mask frame is that they result in a reduced dead volume of the mask frame.
  • While particular embodiments of this invention have been described, it will be evident to those skilled in the art that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments and examples are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.

Claims (24)

  1. 1-20. (canceled)
  2. 21. A respiratory mask and headgear combination for the delivery of breathable gases to a patient for the treatment of sleep disordered breathing (SDB), the respiratory mask and headgear combination comprising:
    a respiratory mask comprising:
    a mask frame having a gas inlet aperture;
    a first connector, the first connector and the mask frame integrally molded from a rigid material; and
    a cushion attached to the mask frame and configured to seal with the patient's face;
    headgear configured to secure the respiratory mask on the patient's head, the headgear including a strap, and the strap being length-adjustable;
    an elbow connector pivotably connected to the mask frame at the gas inlet aperture, the elbow connector configured to connect to a gas supply conduit; and
    a second connector configured to be connected to the strap such that the length of the strap is adjustable relative to the second connector,
    wherein the second connector is structured to releasably connect to the first connector such that the headgear is detachable from the respiratory mask without the need to detach the strap from the second connector,
    wherein the second connector is configured to provide snap feedback to the patient when the first connector and the second connector are connected,
    wherein the first connector is positioned on the mask frame such that when the respiratory mask is worn by the patient and the first connector and the second connector are connected the second connector is held clear of the patient's face.
  3. 22. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the strap extends from a rear portion of the headgear for attachment to the mask frame.
  4. 23. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the strap comprises hook and loop material to facilitate length adjustment.
  5. 24. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the second connector further comprises a cross-bar, and the strap is configured to pass around the cross-bar to connect to the second connector.
  6. 25. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the first connector is positioned on the mask frame such that when the respiratory mask is worn by the patient and the first connector and the second connector are connected the first connector and the second connector are out of the patient's line of vision.
  7. 26. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the second connector includes a first gripping surface and a second gripping surface, the first gripping surface and the second gripping surface positioned for gripping of the second connector between the patient's thumb and finger.
  8. 27. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the first connector is structured to direct the second connector in a downward and rearward direction relative to the patient's face when connected to the first connector.
  9. 28. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the first connector is angled on the mask frame such when connected by the second connector the strap extends in a downward and rearward direction relative to the patient's face.
  10. 29. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 28, wherein the second connector is configured to lie generally parallel to the patient's cheek region when connected to the first connector.
  11. 30. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 29, wherein the strap is configured to lie generally parallel to the patient's cheek region when the second connector is connected to the first connector.
  12. 31. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the second connector is frosted or textured to allow the patient to distinguish the second connector from the first connector by touch.
  13. 32. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the second connector is structured to be attached to and detached from the first connector with one hand.
  14. 33. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the respiratory mask comprises a nasal mask configured to cover the patient's nose or a full-face mask configured to cover the patient's nose and mouth.
  15. 34. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the mask frame further comprises a forehead support.
  16. 35. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the first connector is structured such that when the second connector is connected to the first connector, the second connector is oriented at a predetermined, downward angle relative to the patient's head and the strap extends below the patient's ear.
  17. 36. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the mask frame forms a mask cavity configured to receive at least the patient's nose.
  18. 37. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the second connector further comprises a resiliently biased cantilever member to engage the first connector with a snap-fit.
  19. 38. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the first connector and the second connector are structured to be joined with a male-female connection.
  20. 39. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the first connector is a female connector and the second connector is a male connector.
  21. 40. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein the rigid material is polycarbonate.
  22. 41. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 21, wherein:
    the first connector is structured such that when the second connector is connected to the first connector, the second connector is oriented at a predetermined, downward angle relative to the patient's head and the strap extends below the patient's ear;
    the rigid material is polycarbonate;
    the strap extends from a rear portion of the headgear for attachment to the mask frame;
    the strap comprises hook and loop material to facilitate length adjustment;
    the second connector further comprises a cross-bar, and the strap is configured to pass around the cross-bar to connect to the second connector;
    the first connector is positioned on the mask frame such that when the respiratory mask is worn by the patient and the first connector and the second connector are connected the first connector and the second connector are out of the patient's line of vision;
    the second connector includes a first gripping surface and a second gripping surface, the first gripping surface and the second gripping surface positioned for gripping of the second connector between the patient's thumb and finger;
    the second connector is structured to be attached to and detached from the first connector with one hand; and
    the respiratory mask comprises a nasal mask configured to cover the patient's nose or a full-face mask configured to cover the patient's nose and mouth.
  23. 42. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 41, wherein:
    the first connector is angled on the mask frame such when connected by the second connector the strap extends in a downward and rearward direction relative to the patient's face;
    the second connector is configured to lie generally parallel to the patient's cheek region when connected to the first connector; and
    the strap is configured to lie generally parallel to the patient's cheek region when the second connector is connected to the first connector.
  24. 43. The respiratory mask and headgear combination of claim 41, wherein the first connector is structured to direct the second connector in a downward and rearward direction relative to the patient's face when connected to the first connector.
US15873195 1999-03-18 2018-01-17 Mask and headgear connection Pending US20180140797A1 (en)

Priority Applications (11)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AUPQ104099 1999-06-18
AU1916/99 1999-06-18
AUPQ1040 1999-06-18
AU191699 1999-06-18
US29115618 USD443355S1 (en) 1999-06-18 1999-12-16 Nasal respiratory mask shell and forehead support assembly
US09504220 US6374826B1 (en) 1999-03-18 2000-02-15 Mask and headgear connector
US10090173 US7600513B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2002-03-06 Mask and headgear connector
US12537663 US8210181B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2009-08-07 Mask and headgear connector
US13455283 US8844532B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2012-04-25 Mask and headgear connector
US14479915 US9901701B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2014-09-08 Mask and headgear connector
US15873195 US20180140797A1 (en) 1999-06-18 2018-01-17 Mask and headgear connection

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US15873195 US20180140797A1 (en) 1999-06-18 2018-01-17 Mask and headgear connection

Related Parent Applications (1)

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US14479915 Continuation US9901701B2 (en) 1999-03-18 2014-09-08 Mask and headgear connector

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US20180140797A1 true true US20180140797A1 (en) 2018-05-24

Family

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Family Applications (11)

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US09502745 Active US6532961B1 (en) 1999-06-18 2000-02-11 Forehead support for facial mask
US10090173 Active 2024-03-07 US7600513B2 (en) 1999-03-18 2002-03-06 Mask and headgear connector
US10264326 Active 2020-08-11 US6860269B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2002-10-04 Forehead support for facial mask
US10700252 Active 2020-07-26 US7234466B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2003-11-04 Forehead support for facial mask
US11510607 Active US7610916B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2006-08-28 Forehead support for facial mask
US12537663 Active 2020-05-26 US8210181B2 (en) 1999-03-18 2009-08-07 Mask and headgear connector
US12585732 Active 2020-03-18 US8186348B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2009-09-23 Forehead support for facial mask
US13455283 Active US8844532B2 (en) 1999-03-18 2012-04-25 Mask and headgear connector
US13470962 Active 2022-05-03 US9592359B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2012-05-14 Forehead support for facial mask
US14479915 Active 2021-06-02 US9901701B2 (en) 1999-03-18 2014-09-08 Mask and headgear connector
US15873195 Pending US20180140797A1 (en) 1999-03-18 2018-01-17 Mask and headgear connection

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US09502745 Active US6532961B1 (en) 1999-06-18 2000-02-11 Forehead support for facial mask
US10090173 Active 2024-03-07 US7600513B2 (en) 1999-03-18 2002-03-06 Mask and headgear connector
US10264326 Active 2020-08-11 US6860269B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2002-10-04 Forehead support for facial mask
US10700252 Active 2020-07-26 US7234466B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2003-11-04 Forehead support for facial mask
US11510607 Active US7610916B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2006-08-28 Forehead support for facial mask
US12537663 Active 2020-05-26 US8210181B2 (en) 1999-03-18 2009-08-07 Mask and headgear connector
US12585732 Active 2020-03-18 US8186348B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2009-09-23 Forehead support for facial mask
US13455283 Active US8844532B2 (en) 1999-03-18 2012-04-25 Mask and headgear connector
US13470962 Active 2022-05-03 US9592359B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2012-05-14 Forehead support for facial mask
US14479915 Active 2021-06-02 US9901701B2 (en) 1999-03-18 2014-09-08 Mask and headgear connector

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US (11) US6532961B1 (en)
EP (6) EP1985327B1 (en)
JP (5) JP3686609B2 (en)
DE (3) DE60021884T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2433204T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2000078384A1 (en)

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