WO1997007847A1 - Anesthesia mask - Google Patents

Anesthesia mask Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1997007847A1
WO1997007847A1 PCT/US1996/013612 US9613612W WO9707847A1 WO 1997007847 A1 WO1997007847 A1 WO 1997007847A1 US 9613612 W US9613612 W US 9613612W WO 9707847 A1 WO9707847 A1 WO 9707847A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
mask
member
characterised
anesthesia
anesthesia mask
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US1996/013612
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Samuel Tirer
Original Assignee
Samuel Tirer
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US51903795A priority Critical
Priority to US08/519,037 priority
Application filed by Samuel Tirer filed Critical Samuel Tirer
Publication of WO1997007847A1 publication Critical patent/WO1997007847A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/06Respiratory or anaesthetic masks
    • A61M16/0683Holding devices therefor

Abstract

An anesthesia mask (2) has finger grips (32, 34) attached to an extending from the rigid transparent cover of the mask (2) to enable the physician or other attending medical personnel to firm grasp the mask (2) and hold it in place on the face of the patient (50). The mask (2) has a central port (12) through which gas can be provided and an inflatable resilient skirt (4) which is placed in contact with the face of the patient allowing for a soft compliant seal.

Description

ANESTHESIA MASK SPECIFICATION

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates generally to an anesthesia mask and more specifically to an anesthesia mask with means for firmly holding the mask on the patient's face during the delivery of anesthesia to a patient.

Various types of anesthesia masks are known. United States Patent No. 2,317,603 (Hudbrink) discloses a mask using elastic straps at the bridge of the nose and below the chin of the patient to attach the mask firmly to the head of the patient.

United States Patent No.2,666,432 (Stanton) discloses an anesthesia mask with a transparent plastic central portion and an inflatable skirt.

United States Patent No. 3,357,426 (Cohen) discloses a face mask which uses pressure-sensitive adhesives to hold the mask on the face of the patient.

United States Patent No. 4,337,767 (Yahata) discloses a disposable anesthesia mask with a relatively rigid central portion and an elastomeric peripheral portion.

A disposal mask with a rigid surface, which has a notch on the outer surface of the mask for receiving a finger on one side of the mask to assist in holding the mask in place is marketed by Intertech Resources, Inc. of Lincolnshire, Illinois.

However, there is a need for an anesthesia mask with a more positive means for allowing the mask to be held firmly in place during the dispensing of anesthesia to a patient.

OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, it is the general object of the instant invention to provide an anesthesia mask which improves upon present anesthesia masks.

It is a further object of the instant invention to provide an anesthesia mask which is easy to apply to a patient, is comfortable, and conforms to the facial features of the patient. It is still a further object of the instant invention to provide an anesthesia mask with an improved means for placing and firmly holding the mask on the face of the patient.

It is still yet a further object of the instant invention to provide an anesthesia mask which provides an effective air-tight seal when the mask is in place.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

These and other objects of the instant invention are achieved by providing an anesthesia mask with an oval shaped central rigid face member connected to a skirt member. The rigid central member includes a gas entry port and finger grips which enable the mask to be placed and firmly held to the face of the patient during the dispensing of anesthesia.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Other objects and many of the intended advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated when the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description, when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 is an isometric view of the anesthesia mask of the instant invention;

Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view of the anesthesia mask applied to the face of a patient taken along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1; and

Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the anesthesia mask taken along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring now in greater detail to the various Figs, of the drawings, wherein reference characters refer to like parts, there is shown in Figs. 1 - 3 the anesthesia mask 2 of the instant invention. The anesthesia mask 2 comprises an inflatable skirt member 4, a dome-shaped rigid cover section 6 and a connection band 8 which connects the inflatable skirt member 4 to the rigid cover member 6. As can be seen in the Figs., the mask has an oval peripheral εhape to conform to the face of a patient. The cover member 6 includes a projecting cylindrical section 10 which defines an inlet port 12. The anesthesia mask 2 also comprises a strap connector 14, which has a ring 16 with a peripheral surface 18, extensions 20 and pegs 22. The extensions 20 comprise distal ends 24 which are connected to the peripheral surface 18 and proximal ends 26 at which the pegs 22 are connected. As can be seen in Fig. 1, there are four extensions 20 with four pegs 22 to which straps may be attached (not shown) . The straps may be wrapped around the head of the patient to hold the mask 2 in place.

The cover member 6, which may be made of a clear, transparent plastic, has an outer surface 40, and inner surface 42, an upper gripper 32 and a lower gripper 34.

Referring again to Figs. 1 and 2, an upper gripper 32 is attached to the outer surface 40 above the inlet port 12 while a lower gripper 34 is attached to the outer surface 40 below the inlet port 12. Any suitable adhesive or other bonding material or method can be used for attaching the upper and lower grippers 32 and 34 to the outer surface 40 of the cover member 6.

Although the embodiment shown here discloses two grippers 32 and 34 located above and below the inlet port 12, it should be kept in mind that a single gripper, (e.g., a circumferential gripper) or more than two grippers, may be used and the gripper or grippers can be positioned at other convenient locations.

As can be seen in Figs. 1 and 3, the cover member 6 has a narrower distal portion 36 and a wider proximal portion 38. The oval shape of the anesthesia mask is intended to fit the face of the patient (Fig. 3) by placing the narrower distal portion 36 at the bridge of the nose 52 and the wider proximal portion 38 at the chin 54 of the patient 50. The anesthesia mask 2 also comprises a valve member 44, which includes a cylindrical valve projection 46 and a valve stem 48, positioned at the distal portion 36. Thus, a source of gas pressure can be applied to the valve member 44 to inflate the inflatable skirt member 4 resulting in a soft, pliable and form fitting skirt member which is in contact with the face of the patient when the mask is applied. The cylindrical projection 10 has an outer surface 28 and an inner surface 30. The strap connector 14 is removably placed on the anesthesia mask 2 by sliding the strap connector 14 over the cylindrical projection 10 with the inner surface of the ring 16 in contact with the outer surface 28 of the cylindrical projection 10.

When anesthesia masks are used, the mask is usually held by the physician or other medical attendants against the face of the patient. The mask must be pressed against the face of the patient to assure that it is air tight. Because the mask has a smooth curved, dome-shaped surface it is often slippery and difficult to hold and the holder becomes fatigued. Although the straps may be attached to hold the mask in place, there is the danger that the straps may be made too tight or too loose. The anesthesia mask of this invention enables the mask to be held firmly in place for extended periods of time through the use of finger grips attached to the rigid cover member of the mask.

An anesthesia mask has been described which improves upon existing masks by enabling the physician or other attending medical personnel to firmly grasp the mask and hold it in position for extended periods of time through the use of finger grips attached to the rigid cover member of the mask.

Without further elaboration, the foregoing will so fully illustrate my invention, that others may, by applying current or future knowledge, readily adapt the same for use under the very conditions of service.

Claims

1. A mask (2) for providing gas to a patient (50) characterised in that said mask (2) comprises:
(a) a skirt member (4) being substantially oval- shaped around its periphery; and
(b) a rigid cover member (6) connected to said skirt member (4) , said cover member (6) being substantially oval- shaped around its periphery and conforming to the shape of said skirt member (4) , said cover member (6) further comprising:
(i) an outer convex surface (40) ; (ii) a cylindrical member (10) projecting outwardly from said cover member (6) and defining a port (12) for admitting the gas; and
(iii) at least one finger grip (32, 34), said finger grip (32, 34) being provided on said outer surface (40), said finger grip (32, 34) projecting outwardly from said outer surface (40) , to enable grasping and firm holding of said mask (2) in position when providing gas to said patient (50) .
2. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 1 characterised in that said skirt member (4) is made of a flexible, resilient material.
3. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 2 characterised in that said skirt member (4) is inflatable.
4. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 3 further comprising means for inflating said skirt member (4) comprising a valve member (44) connected to said skirt member (4) .
5. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 2 further comprising a connector member between said skirt member (4) and said cover member (6) .
6. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 2 characterised in that said cover member (6) comprises transparent plastic material.
7. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 2 characterised in that said at least one finger grip (32, 34) is arcuate in shape.
8. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 7 characterised in that said cylindrical member (10) comprises an inner surface (30) and an outer surface (28) and said anesthesia mask (2) further comprises a means for attaching straps (14) to the mask (2).
9. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 8 characterised in that said means for connected straps (14) to said mask (2) comprises a strap connector comprising a ring (16) with an inner and an outer peripheral surface (18) , said ring (16) being positioned with said inner peripheral surface in contact with said outer surface (28) of said cylindrical member (10), said strap connector further comprising a plurality of extensions (20) each having a proximal end (24) , connected to said outer peripheral surface (18) , and a distal end (26) , and a plurality of pegs (22) , each of said pegs (22) connected to a respective one of said plurality of extensions (20) at said distal end (26).
10. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 9 characterised in that said skirt member (4) is inflatable.
11. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 10 further comprising means for inflating said skirt member comprising a valve member (44) connected to said skirt member (4) .
12. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 11 further comprising a connector member (8) between said skirt member (4) and said cover member (6) .
13. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 12 characterised in that said cover member (6) comprises transparent plastic material.
14. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 1 characterised in that said at least one finger grip (32, 34) comprises a first finger grip (32) and a second finger grip (34) to enable grasping and firm holding of said mask (2) in position during the delivery of the gas, said first and second finger grips (32, 34) being provided on opposite sides of said cylindrical member (10).
15. The anesthesia mask (2) of Claim 14 characterised in that said first finger grip (32) is provided above said cylindrical member (10) and said second finger grip (34) is provided below said cylindrical member (10) .
PCT/US1996/013612 1995-08-24 1996-08-21 Anesthesia mask WO1997007847A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US51903795A true 1995-08-24 1995-08-24
US08/519,037 1995-08-24

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1997007847A1 true WO1997007847A1 (en) 1997-03-06

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Family Applications (1)

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PCT/US1996/013612 WO1997007847A1 (en) 1995-08-24 1996-08-21 Anesthesia mask

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008080396A1 (en) * 2007-01-02 2008-07-10 Ambu A/S Inflatable face seal for a respiratory mask and method of producing same
CN102441218A (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-05-09 邹最 Finger lock type anaesthetic mask
CN103272319A (en) * 2013-06-01 2013-09-04 杨一辰 Multifunctional anaesthetic mask
US8833371B2 (en) 1997-02-10 2014-09-16 Resmed Limited Mask and vent assembly therefor
US8875710B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2014-11-04 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Application device for a breathing mask arrangement
US8944061B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2015-02-03 Resmed Limited Cushion to frame assembly mechanism
US8960196B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2015-02-24 Resmed Limited Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US8997739B2 (en) 1996-10-16 2015-04-07 Resmed Limited Vent valve apparatus
US9027556B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2015-05-12 Resmed Limited Mask system
US9072853B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2015-07-07 Resmed Limited Forehead pad for respiratory mask
US9144656B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2015-09-29 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US9220861B2 (en) 1998-01-16 2015-12-29 Resmed Limited Forehead support for facial mask
US9248251B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2016-02-02 Resmed Limited Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece
US9259549B2 (en) 2002-01-17 2016-02-16 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US9375545B2 (en) 2004-06-16 2016-06-28 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask assembly
US9381316B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2016-07-05 Resmed Limited Interchangeable mask assembly
US9421339B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2016-08-23 Resmed Limited Patient interface
US9592359B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2017-03-14 Resmed Limited Forehead support for facial mask
US9662467B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2017-05-30 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US9802021B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2017-10-31 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Mouthpiece
US9895505B2 (en) 2004-04-09 2018-02-20 Resmed Limited Nasal assembly
US9895503B2 (en) 2003-05-02 2018-02-20 Resmed Limited Mask system

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB799422A (en) * 1956-05-10 1958-08-06 British Oxygen Co Ltd Face mask and harness attachment means therefor
EP0427474A2 (en) * 1989-11-09 1991-05-15 Smiths Industries Medical Systems Inc. Face masks and face masks components
US5121745A (en) * 1990-07-23 1992-06-16 Israel Michael B Self-inflatable rescue mask

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB799422A (en) * 1956-05-10 1958-08-06 British Oxygen Co Ltd Face mask and harness attachment means therefor
EP0427474A2 (en) * 1989-11-09 1991-05-15 Smiths Industries Medical Systems Inc. Face masks and face masks components
US5121745A (en) * 1990-07-23 1992-06-16 Israel Michael B Self-inflatable rescue mask

Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9463295B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2016-10-11 Resmed Limited Mask and mask cushion therefor
US9421339B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2016-08-23 Resmed Limited Patient interface
US8997739B2 (en) 1996-10-16 2015-04-07 Resmed Limited Vent valve apparatus
US9770571B2 (en) 1996-10-16 2017-09-26 Resmed Limited Vent valve assembly
US8833371B2 (en) 1997-02-10 2014-09-16 Resmed Limited Mask and vent assembly therefor
USD782028S1 (en) 1998-01-16 2017-03-21 Resmed Limited Pad for forehead support
US9220861B2 (en) 1998-01-16 2015-12-29 Resmed Limited Forehead support for facial mask
USD807497S1 (en) 1998-01-16 2018-01-09 Resmed Limited Pad for forehead support
US9592359B2 (en) 1999-06-18 2017-03-14 Resmed Limited Forehead support for facial mask
US9662467B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2017-05-30 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US9072853B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2015-07-07 Resmed Limited Forehead pad for respiratory mask
US10195385B2 (en) 2001-09-07 2019-02-05 Resmed Limited Forehead pad for respiratory mask
US9757534B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2017-09-12 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US10245403B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2019-04-02 RedMed R&D Germany GmbH Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US9144656B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2015-09-29 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US8875710B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2014-11-04 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Application device for a breathing mask arrangement
US10058671B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2018-08-28 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Application device for a breathing mask arrangement
US9889266B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2018-02-13 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same
US9259549B2 (en) 2002-01-17 2016-02-16 Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US9802021B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2017-10-31 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Mouthpiece
US9956369B2 (en) 2002-12-06 2018-05-01 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Mouthpiece
US9248251B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2016-02-02 Resmed Limited Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece
US10369315B2 (en) 2003-04-10 2019-08-06 ResMed Pty Ltd Respiratory mask with molded frame and cushion
US9895503B2 (en) 2003-05-02 2018-02-20 Resmed Limited Mask system
US9895505B2 (en) 2004-04-09 2018-02-20 Resmed Limited Nasal assembly
US9375545B2 (en) 2004-06-16 2016-06-28 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask assembly
US10039893B2 (en) 2004-06-16 2018-08-07 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask assembly
US8944061B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2015-02-03 Resmed Limited Cushion to frame assembly mechanism
US10434273B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2019-10-08 ResMed Pty Ltd Cushion to frame assembly mechanism
US10137270B2 (en) 2005-10-14 2018-11-27 Resmed Limited Cushion to frame assembly mechanism
US9962510B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2018-05-08 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask assembly
US10183138B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2019-01-22 Resmed Limited Interchangeable mask assembly
US9381316B2 (en) 2005-10-25 2016-07-05 Resmed Limited Interchangeable mask assembly
CN101668557B (en) 2007-01-02 2013-06-19 阿姆布股份有限公司 Inflatable face seal for a respiratory mask and method of producing same
US8932267B2 (en) 2007-01-02 2015-01-13 Ambu A/S Inflatable face seal for a respiratory mask and method of producing same
WO2008080396A1 (en) * 2007-01-02 2008-07-10 Ambu A/S Inflatable face seal for a respiratory mask and method of producing same
US8960196B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2015-02-24 Resmed Limited Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US9937315B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2018-04-10 Resmed Limited Mask with removable headgear connector
US9962511B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2018-05-08 Resmed Limited Mask system with snap-fit shroud
US9119931B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2015-09-01 Resmed Limited Mask system
US9950131B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2018-04-24 Resmed Limited Mask system with snap-fit shroud
US9757533B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2017-09-12 Resmed Limited Mask system with snap-fit shroud
US9770568B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2017-09-26 Resmed Limited Mask system with snap-fit shroud
US9027556B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2015-05-12 Resmed Limited Mask system
CN102441218A (en) * 2011-09-20 2012-05-09 邹最 Finger lock type anaesthetic mask
CN103272319A (en) * 2013-06-01 2013-09-04 杨一辰 Multifunctional anaesthetic mask

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