US20120124932A1 - Covering made from mechanically interconnectable panels - Google Patents

Covering made from mechanically interconnectable panels Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20120124932A1
US20120124932A1 US13/387,562 US201013387562A US2012124932A1 US 20120124932 A1 US20120124932 A1 US 20120124932A1 US 201013387562 A US201013387562 A US 201013387562A US 2012124932 A1 US2012124932 A1 US 2012124932A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
groove
tongue
section
panels
covering
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US13/387,562
Inventor
Guido Schulte
Franz Eschlbeck
Original Assignee
Guido Schulte
Franz Eschlbeck
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102009034902.2A priority Critical patent/DE102009034902B4/en
Priority to DE102009034902.2 priority
Application filed by Guido Schulte, Franz Eschlbeck filed Critical Guido Schulte
Priority to PCT/DE2010/000803 priority patent/WO2011012104A2/en
Publication of US20120124932A1 publication Critical patent/US20120124932A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0138Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels perpendicular to the main plane
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • E04F2201/0523Separate tongues; Interlocking keys, e.g. joining mouldings of circular, square or rectangular shape

Abstract

The invention relates to a covering comprising panels that can be connected to each other mechanically, and having the following characteristics:—adjacent first and second panels (1, 2) each having a groove (6, 14) on the sides (5, 21) thereof that are complementary to each other,—the grooves (6, 14) each have upper and lower groove sides (7, 8; 17, 26) having different lengths,—in one of the grooves (6, 14) a tongue (9, 9 a, 9 b, 9 c, 9 d) is arranged that can be moved relative to the panel (1, 2) at least in parts, said tongue is suitable for engaging in the corresponding groove (6, 14) of the adjacent panel (1, 2) when the adjacent panels (1, 2) are connected,—the tongue (9, 9 a, 9 b, 9 c, 9 d) has at least one projection (16, 33, 42, 43), which points in the direction of the area of the longer groove sides (7, 17) of the other groove (6, 14) that protrudes relative to the shorter groove sides (8, 26),—the projection (16, 33, 42, 43) is intended to be moved transversely to the laying plane ( ) of the panels (1, 2) in the event of contact with said area of the groove side (7, 17), wherein the projection (16, 33, 42, 43) is operatively connected to a locking section (13, 29, 32, 35, 41, 47) of the tongue (9, 9 a, 9 b, 9 c, 9 d), said locking section can be moved in the direction of the groove (6, 14) of the adjacent panel (1, 2) as a result of the motion of the projection (16, 33, 42, 43),

Description

  • The invention relates to a covering made from mechanically interconnectable panels.
  • Wall, ceiling, and floor coverings, such as for example prefabricated parquet, real wood floors or laminate floorings, consist of several rows of predominantly rectangular panels. Conventionally, the panels have continuous grooves on a longitudinal side and a head side, and, on the respective opposing longitudinal side or head side, respectively, continuous tongues which formfittingly match the grooves. The panels are installed by joining the groove and tongue, wherein the panels of two neighboring rows are arranged offset to each other.
  • It is known to provide the grooves and tongues with mechanical locking means which, in neighboring panels in a floor covering, form an interlocking engagement with one another. This is intended to prevent the formation of gaps in the installed floor through stretching or shrinking processes. The groove and tongue are provided with locking elements in the form of indentations, recesses or projections, which are matched to each other to retain connected floor panels in the joined position without the use of adhesives. Normally, the panels are turned or clicked into each other along their longitudinal sides and subsequently shifted sideways, such that locking rails on the head sides engage. To facilitate this, hammer strikes can be used in connection with a tapping block. This poses the risk of damage to the panels, even when working most carefully.
  • Solutions also exist, in which the abutting head sides are connected by a tongue which is displaceable in its longitudinal direction. This obviates the manual tapping-in with a hammer. The tongues are pre-assembled, which obviates the subsequent inserting. Such a floor covering is the subject matter of WO 2008/017301. In this case a projecting end of a tongue is displaced into a head side groove, to partially displace the tongue from one groove to the corresponding groove of the neighboring panel. In this way the panels are interlocked.
  • To enable the displacement of the tongue in the first place, it has to be supported with a certain play, and inserted into the exactly oriented corresponding opposing groove of the complementary panel. Preferably, this play is as small as possible, to prevent a height offset in the region of a gap clearance of two panels. However, because of this design, a certain play cannot be avoided.
  • The invention is based on the object to provide a covering from mechanically interconnectable panels, in particular a floor covering, in which the height offset in the region of the gap clearance is minimal.
  • This object is solved by a covering with the features of patent claim 1.
  • The sub-claims are directed to advantageous refinements of the invention.
  • The panels of the covering according to the invention are intended and suited to be mechanically connected with other similar panels. The connection takes place via connecting elements in form of groove and tongue connections, disposed on the complementary sides of the panels. The neighboring panels each have a horizontal groove on their mutually complementary sides. In one of the grooves, a tongue is disposed which is at least partially displaceable relative to the panel. When connecting the neighboring panels, the tongue engages into a groove of the neighboring panel and blocks the neighboring panels from becoming vertically displaced relative to each other. The tongue has a retaining section, which is arranged in the groove of the panel holding the tongue.
  • The tongue has at least one projection. The projection projects transverse to the plane of installation, which means in the direction of the top side or to the bottom side of the panel. A projecting is given, if in the locking position, the projecting region of the tongue is broader than the groove width measured transverse to the plane of installation in the region of the projection. Therefore, the projection projects in particular over the retaining section of the tongue.
  • It is noted that, for orientation of the grooves, and with that the tongues arranged in the grooves, the grooves are preferably oriented horizontally, which means oriented in the plane of installation. It is also possible however, that the grooves and with that the tongues are inclined, which means form an acute angle with the plane of installation.
  • The grooves have each upper and lower groove flanks with different lengths, such that the regions of the longer groove flanks protruding with respect to the shorter groove flanks are located opposite one another. These protruding regions of the groove flanks serve as support surfaces for the projection. The projection is provided so as to be displaced, during contact with this protruding region of the groove flank, perpendicular to the plane of installation, i.e. typically perpendicular to the plane of installation of the panels. In other words, the projection and/or the protruding region of the tongue is not only urged backward in the vertical direction and reduced to the width of the groove between the opposing projecting regions of the longer flanks, but are simultaneously also displaced in the plane of installation i.e. horizontally. The horizontal displacement results because the projection is a fixed component of the tongue which is supported with one end already in the groove, i.e. is configured so that the other end of the tongue is displaced along the plane of installation. The projection is therefore operatively connected to the locking section of the tongue which can be displaced by moving the projection towards the groove of the adjacent panel.
  • Groove within the context of the invention does not only refer to the region extending between the directly opposing groove flanks. It includes also the region opposite the long groove flank, because this space is taken up by the tongue. The groove flanks, in particular the longer groove flanks may vary in their distance viewed across the groove depth. In particular, the regions of the longer groove flanks which protrude over the shorter groove flanks may be dropped or offset with respect to shorter groove flanks, thereby increasing the distance to the opposing flank. The dropped regions nevertheless are part of the groove. The retaining section may be connected to the locking section via a connecting section. Depending on the installation position, the connecting section is preferably connected to the retaining section by way of a joint arranged on an edge oriented towards its top side or bottom side of the panel. The locking section is coupled with the connecting section by way of a joint arranged on its diagonally opposing edge. The position of the hinge significantly determines the position of the far protruding point of the projection.
  • Before two panels are connected the tongue is at least partially folded in its initial position, wherein retaining section, connecting section and locking section are pivoted about the joints with respect to each other in the vertical direction from the plane of the retaining section. To enable such folding, opposing side faces of retaining section connecting section and locking section are each beveled in a complementary fashion towards the top side and bottom side of the panels.
  • For connecting two adjacent panels, the projection is displaced by moving the longer groove flanks of the panels closer. Depending on the installation position, the projection can also face upward or downward. Preferably, the projection is displaced through contact with a lower groove flank of the first panel receiving the locking section. The vertical movement causes a horizontal movement during which the projection slides along the lower groove flank of the groove receiving the locking section. This causes the connecting section to pivot about both joints in the horizontal plane of the retaining section. The locking section is also pivoted about the joint of the projection into the horizontal plane of the retaining section. The tongue is expanded from its folded state as soon as the longer groove flanks have approached as closely as possible. This is the case when the height offset between adjacent panels is minimal. The locking section is pushed by the expansion motion of the tongue into the groove of the first panel. To facilitate insertion of the connecting section into the groove, a face of the connecting section facing the groove can be beveled or rounded.
  • After displacement of the locking section of the tongue into the groove of the adjacent panel, the joint between the locking section and connecting section is located at the height of the lower groove flank of the groove receiving the locking section. Retaining section, connecting section and locking section are preferably oriented horizontally after two adjacent panels are connected. Because the lower groove flank of the groove retaining the tongue extends only across a width of the retaining section, the surfaces of connecting section and locking section are oriented towards the bottom side of the panels rest on a lower groove flank of the groove receiving the locking section of the tongue.
  • Beside the embodiments described above, it is also conceivable to connect individual sections of the tongue at the center. In this case the projection is formed by the edges of the connecting section and the locking section which are oriented towards the bottom sides of the panels. Beside the retaining section, the connecting section and the locking section, the tongue can also have further sections.
  • Further, embodiments of tongues are conceivable, in which a projection is coupled to a certain mechanism. This mechanism has the effect that a locking section of the tongue is pushed in horizontal direction into the groove of the neighboring panel. The mechanism is triggered, as soon as the projection comes into contact with a corresponding groove flank and is displaced in the direction of the other groove flank.
  • The concrete configuration of the tongue also depends on the mode of installation in particular, when the panel is not to be placed in a parallel, linear movement, but is to be quasi angled by a pivoting movement. During the pivoting movement, the projecting regions of the longer groove flanks, viewed over the length of the groove at a given time point, approach each other to a different degree. Example: In a 45°—position, the groove flanks are located at one end of the groove almost in the end position, while the groove flanks at the other end are several centimeters apart. Especially in this case it is useful to either provide multiple tongues arranged at a distance from each other, which do not interfere with each other in their kinematics. However, it is also possible to provide a tongue which is divided into tongue sections by slots arranged transverse to the groove, which sections can be operated independent of each other.
  • Preferably, the tongue segments have a common retaining section. This configuration can be referred to as comb-like. This embodiment has proven to be especially advantageous, when the second panel, starting at one end of the groove, is lowered in longitudinal direction of the groove, such that the tongue sections engage in the groove of the first panel one after another. Panel segments which can be operated independent of each other can also be used in all other installation modes, which means also in the case in which the panels are not pivoted relative to each other, but are placed in a parallel movement.
  • The locking section can have a profiling on its side surface pointing towards the top and/or lower groove flank. The connecting section, like the locking section, has a profiling on one or both side surfaces. This profiling can, for example, be wave-like, can have individual prongs or a saw-tooth profile.
  • The groove flanks of the panel can have a profiling which is complementary to the profiling. Likewise, it is possible to provide latching elements on one or both side surfaces of the locking section, which engage into corresponding recesses of the upper or lower groove flank of the neighboring groove when inserting the locking section into the groove of the neighboring panel.
  • It is important that the locking section bridges the gap formed between the shorter groove flank and the bordering longer groove flank of the other groove, to minimize the height offset in the region of the butt joint of the panel. The locking section thus has to project partly from the groove by which it is received, which means it has to project over the shorter groove flank of this groove.
  • In general, the tongue can extend over the entire length of the groove. Additionally, multiple tongues can be provided spaced apart in longitudinal direction of the groove. These can have locking sections which can be operated independent of each other. In this way the panels can also be arranged in longitudinal direction of the groove, offset to each other. Here, it is conceivable to connect the retaining sections to each other in the region of the groove, wherein the connection can at the same time be used as spacer between the tongues.
  • A locking rail is provided on one of the panels for protecting the neighboring panels from tensile loading in a plane of installation. The locking rail thus has the purpose to couple the panels in the plane of installation, whereas the tongues prevent the panels from shifting vertically relative to each other. Additionally, since the locking rail, which engages underneath the neighboring panel, is arranged at a relatively large distance to the top side of the panel, the panel which is engaged underneath by the locking rail is primarily supported on a support rail which is arranged at a greater distance to the locking rail than the groove. In other words, the groove is located between the support rail and the locking rail. The support rail has the function to reduce the distance between the point of support and the top side of the panel, which is advantageous especially in the case of thin-flanked and softer materials. Because of the proximity of the support rail to the top side of the panel, vertical forces, which apply at points close to a butt joint and act on the panel which is engaged underneath, can be transferred to the bordering panel which engages underneath, via a shorter distance, than would be possible via the lower positioned locking rail. Because of the support immediately next to the point of applied force, the height offset between two panels is significantly smaller.
  • The tongue as a whole can be made of a uniform material. Regions which are configured appropriately thin can serve as film joints. The thicker regions then serve to absorb forces which apply transverse to the plane of installation.
  • The material for the tongues can be a wood material, which means it can be wood or a material that contains wood fibers, or a material, which is constructed from wood as a base material, such as for example liquid wood. Metal and metal alloys, such as for example spring steels, as well as composite materials, can be used for the tongues. It is also possible to use bimetals or mixed plastics, as well as materials that are based on thermoplastic or thermosetting materials. The tongue can also be made from fiber reinforced plastic. Preferably, the tongue is configured elastic.
  • The tongue can be configured such that it is pre-tensioned before connection. Through the pre-tension the locking section is pushed into the groove of the neighboring panel and the connection of two panels is additionally secured.
  • Tongues with return forces which result from elasticity or from using a spring metal, are able to cause the tongue to retract or jump back to the starting position when the connection is released.
  • The joints, which connect sections of the tongue, are preferably constructed from the same material as the tongue. Of course it is also possible to choose a different material here, for example a type of hotmelt. Hotmelt relates to hotmelt adhesives which for example are based on polymers, resins, or waxes and are still flexible after setting. The fundamental idea is based on a functional separation of elastic and non-elastic regions. While the flexible regions require malleable materials, a deformation of the locking section is not desired. Therefore, a material with less elasticity should be used for the locking section than in the region of the joints, or the connecting section, respectively.
  • A particularity are tongues, which can assume two states. The tongue can assume a stable position as well as a meta-stable position from which the tongue can return to the stable position when the applied force is removed. Also, a bistable tongue can be provided which is characterized in that two stable positions exist and each change from one position to the other requires the application of force.
  • The tongue with a meta-stable position is transitioned from a stable position to a meta-stable position by the process of warping, wherein the return force from the meta-stable position into the stable position is much smaller than vice versa. This favorable force-displacement characteristic can also be taken advantage of in the present invention. The warping is equivalent to a projection on the tongue which is to be displaced. The projection is displaced until the tongue abruptly jumps into the meta-stable position. This is the locking position. The locking position can also be noticed acoustically by a popping sound as it occurs in the case of tongues made from metal or at least in the case of warpings made from metal. Additionally, however a slight jolt occurs, when the locking position is reached. The haptic information and also the acoustic information of the so called clicker-effect are a useful feedback during installation and also during removing of the panels. With regard to the materials the clicker-effect primarily occurs in metallic materials. However, the principle can also be realized with other warpable materials, as for example plastics.
  • There is no limitation with regard to the material of the panel, so long as it can be machined to the required shaped, in particular by material removing machining. These can be panels based on wood materials or plastics, as well as mineral materials and composite materials. Also, the size of the panels plays a lesser role. The panel can be large-format, for example as component plates of 600 mm×1500 mm.
  • The inventive idea is applicable in particular to all floor systems, in which a finish is disposed on a carrier, as for example real wood finishes, laminate, carriers with lacquered surfaces as finish, linoleum, cork on carrier panels etc. The cover layer can in particular comprise a décor paper with overlay, which determines the appearance of the panel. A floor covering can thus be a parquet floor, a finished parquet floor, a real wood floor or a laminate floor.
  • The floor covering can in particular be a double floor or wood floor, with a hollow space underneath the covering, which means underneath the panels, which is used for installing wiring. Especially in the case of these double floors it is advantageous, when individual panels can be removed again, which can be accomplished easily with the invention. Because the afore mentioned tongues can be present not only on the head sides but also on the longitudinal sides of a panel, it is possible to lift individual panels again, for example with a vacuum lifting tool, and subsequently set down again.
  • In the following, the invention is explained by way of the embodiments shown in the schematic drawings. It shows:
  • FIGS. 1 a to 1 c a section of the connection region of two neighboring panels, in different mounting positions in a cross section, respectively, and
  • FIGS. 2 a to 7 b and 8 different embodiments of the tongue, respectively.
  • FIG. 1 a shows a cross section through the connection region of two panels 1, 2. The panels 1, 2 are configured such that the panels 1, 2 can be connected to form a floor covering. The panels 1, 2 have a bottom side 3 pointing towards the installation surface and a top side 4 pointing away from the installation surface. The diagram shows a left first panel 1 and on the right side a second panel 2, before the connection of the two panels 1, 2. On its head side, which in the following is referred to as side 5, and which in installation position faces towards the first panel 1, the second panel 2 has a groove 6 extending in horizontal direction. Here, an upper groove flank 7 is broader than a lower groove flank 8. A tongue 9 is arranged in the groove 6.
  • The tongue 9 is arranged in the groove 6 with its retaining section 10. The retaining section 10 is coupled to a connecting section 11 via its edge which projects over the lower groove flank 8 and points towards the top side 4 of the panel 2. The retaining section 10 and connecting section 11 are coupled by a joint 12. In this embodiment this joint 12 is configured as film joint. It is made from the same material as the tongue 9 and can be manufactured together with the tongue 9 in a single manufacturing step. Following the connecting section 11 is a locking section 13, which is provided to engage with a groove 14 which is complementary to the groove 6 of the second panel 2. The locking section 13 is connected to the connecting section 11 via a joint 15, which is here also configured as film joint. The joint 15 is arranged between two edges of the locking section 13 and the connecting section 11, which face towards each other and towards the bottom side 3 of the panels 1, 2. The connecting region between locking section 13 and connecting section 11, together with the joint 15, forms a projection 16, which projects over the groove 6 of the second panel 2 in the direction of the bottom sides of the panels 1,2. The side surfaces of the retaining section 10 and connecting section 11 which face towards each other are configured such that the tongue 9 is quasi folded in a starting position, in which the connecting section 11 is pivoted relative to the retaining section 10 and the locking section 13 is pivoted relative to the connecting section 11, out of the horizontal plane E of the retaining section 10.
  • When connecting the first panel 1 with the second panel 2, the projection 16 comes into contact with a lower groove flank 17 of the groove 14 which receives the locking section 13 (FIG. 1 b). When the second panel is further displaced in the direction of the arrow P, the projection 16 is pushed by the lower groove flank 17 into the direction of the top side 4 of the panel 2. At the same time the connecting section 11 and the locking section 13 are pivoted relative to each other from the folded position into a horizontal plane E of the retaining section 10. The locking section 13 projects over the length of the upper groove flank 7 and engages in the groove 14 of the neighboring first panel 1.
  • The first panel 1 engages underneath the second panel 2 with a locking rail 18. For this purpose, the second panel 2 has a coupling channel 19 which is open to the bottom, and adjoining the coupling channel 19, an end-side coupling bulge 20 which is oriented downwards. The locking rail 18 of the first panel 1 projects horizontally over a head side referred to as side 21 such that the coupling bulge 20 engages in the coupling channel 22 of the locking rail 18, which coupling channel 22 is open to the top. Adjoining the coupling channel 22 at the end side of the locking rail 18 is an upwards oriented coupling bulge 23 which is open to the top, and which, in mounted position, engages in the associated coupling channel 19 of the second panel 2. The indentation of the coupling bulges 20, 23 secures the two panels 1, 2 against displacement in the plane of installation, which means in horizontal direction of the installed floor covering. Because the coupling bulges 20, 23 abut each other in their region of contact such that they are slanted relative to the plane of installation V, the second panel 2 when pivoted downward in the direction of the arrow P onto the already installed first panel 1, is pulled toward the first panel 1 with its site 5, which is complementary to the side 21 of the first panel 1, such that the sides 5, 21 of the panels 1, 2 abut each other.
  • In addition to the contact between the coupling bulges 20, 23 the second panel 2 rests on a support rail 25 above the groove 14. The support rail 25 is thus located at a smaller distance from the top side 4 of the left panel 2 than the locking rail 18, which normally supports the panel 2 in vertical direction. Because of the small distance of the support rail 25 to the top side 4, narrower tolerances can be maintained, such that a possible height offset between the panels 1, 2 can be minimized with this solution. The support rail 25 borders immediately at the groove 14, such that its bottom edge is part of an upper groove flank 14. The support rail 25 thus co-extends with the groove 14 which receives the locking section 13 of the tongue 9.
  • The panels 1, 2 contact each other preferably at defined support and holding points. The locking rail 18 and the coupling bulge 20 contact each other in this embodiment only in the previously described region of contact 24. However, the spaces that remain between the locking rail 18 and the coupling bulge 20 are gaps which are so small that a contact cannot be ruled out in the case of extreme vertical load, which is due to the limited elasticity of the materials. In addition, the spaces allow compensation of manufacturing tolerances.
  • In the locking position shown in FIG. 1 c, the locking section 13 extends out of the left groove 14 and thus bridges the gap between the neighboring upper groove flanks of the left and the right groove 14, 6.
  • For the sake of clarity the reference signs for panels 1, 2 have been adopted in the FIGS. 2 a and 5 b, described in the following, which does not exclude however, that, in the concrete embodiments, the panels 1, 2 can differ slightly from each other because of the adjustment to the different tongues.
  • Further, only details of the panels 1, 2 are shown below. However, all have the locking rail described in FIGS. 1 a to 1 c.
  • FIG. 2 a shows a further embodiment of a tongue 9 a arranged in a second panel 2. The tongue 9 a is fixed in the groove 6 of the second panel 2 with a retaining section 27. The connecting section 28 which adjoins the retaining section 28 is arched. The arched connecting section 28 forms a projection 16 a, which projects in the direction of the bottom side 3 over the lower groove flank 8 of the groove 6, which holds the tongue 9 a. The locking section 29, which adjoins the connecting section 28 is oriented approximately transverse to the longitudinal direction of the groove 6. Of course, embodiments are also conceivable in which the locking section is formed by an end section of the connecting section which points towards the neighboring panel.
  • When connecting two neighboring panels 1, 2 the arched connecting section 28 is displaced by a lower groove flank 17 of the groove 14 of the first panel in the direction of the upper groove flank 7of the groove 6 of the second panel 2. By that, the arched connecting section 11 28 of the tongue 9 a, is flattened and the locking section 29 is shifted transverse to the longitudinal direction of the groove 6 into the groove 14 of the first panel 1. The tongue 9 a is quasi stretched. The arched connecting section 28 is upset between the lower groove flank 17 of the groove 14 of the first panel 1 and the upper groove flank 8 of the groove 6 of the second panel 2. By that, the tongue 9 a becomes longer and because of its elasticity is preloaded when connecting the neighboring panels 1, 2. The tongue 9 a is thus pre-tensioned and engages force-fittingly in the opposing grooves 6, 14 of the panels 1, 2 (FIG. 2 b).
  • FIG. 3 a shows a further embodiment of a tongue 9 b made from an elastic material. The tongue 9 b is divided into three sections. Thereby, a projection is provided between the retaining section 30 and the connecting section 31, as well as between the connecting section 31 and the locking section 32, respectively. The projections 33 project over the lower groove flank 8 of the groove 6 of the second panel 2 in the direction of the bottom 3 of the panel 2. Opposite both projections 33, i.e. on the side of the tongue 9 a which points towards the top 4 of the panel 2, a recess 34 is arranged. As shown here, the recess 34 can have a triangular cross section. Semicircular or rectangular cross sections are also conceivable.
  • When connecting two neighboring panels 1, 2 the lower groove flank 17 of the groove 14 of the first panel 1 pushes the projections 33 in the direction of the upper groove flank 7 of the groove 6 of the second panel 2. Because of the elastic material used here, the material of the projections which are pushed towards the top 4 enters the respective opposing recess 34 and the tongue 9 b expands transverse to the longitudinal direction of the groove 6. The expansion causes the locking section 32 to enter the groove 14 of the first panel 1. Because the height H of the grooves 6, 14 of the first panel 1 and the second panel 2 remains constant after connection, the pressure exerted by the lower groove flank 17 on the projections 33 remains, the tongue 9 b remains stretched and force fittingly engages in the grooves 6, 14 of the panels 1, 2. (FIG. 3 b).
  • In a further embodiment (FIG. 4 a) connecting and locking section 35 of the tongue 9 c are configured in one piece. Here, a space 36 is provided in the connecting and locking section 35, which extends in longitudinal direction of the groove 6. Of course multiple spaces are also conceivable in alternative embodiments. The retaining section 37 which is connected to the connecting and locking section 35 is arranged in the groove 6 of the second panel 2.
  • On the side of the tongue 9 c which points towards the bottom side of the panels 1, 2 a projection 16 b is arranged in the region of the space 36, which projects over the lower groove flank 7 of the second panel 2 in the direction of the bottom side 3 of the panels 1, 2. The projection 16 b is formed by a region of the connecting and locking section 35, which is broadened relative to the height H of the groove 6. The tongue 9 c is manufactured from elastic material such that when connecting two panels 1, 2 the projection is pushed upwards by the lower groove flank 17 of the groove 14 of the first panel 1, in the direction of the upper groove flank 8 of the groove 6 of the second panel 2. Because of the elasticity of the tongue 9 c, the broadened region of the connecting and locking section 35 is reduced in its width to the height H of the groove 6 of the second panel 2, or the groove 4 of the first panel 1, respectively. The circular cross section of the space 36 is transformed into an ellipsis, which causes a stretching of the locking and connecting section 35 in longitudinal direction of the groove 6. The stretching causes the locking and connecting section 35 to enter the groove 14 of the neighboring first panel 1 and is held there in a force fitting manner. (FIG. 4 b)
  • FIG. 5 a shows an exemplary and schematic representation of a tongue 9 d with a locking mechanism. Here, the tongue 9 d has a retaining section 38 with which it is held in the groove 6 of the second panel 2. The retaining section 38 has a spring element 39 which is preloaded in starting position. The retaining section 38 is connected to the locking section 41 via a connecting section 40. The connecting section 40 has a projection 42 which projects over the lower groove flank 8 of the groove 6 of the second panel 2 in the direction of the bottom side 3 of the panels 1, 2 via which it is held at the same time in the starting position by the preloaded spring element 39 of the retaining section 38.
  • When connecting two panels 1, 2 the projection 42 is displaced by the lower groove flank 14 of the first panel 1 in the direction of the top side 4 of the second panel 2. This causes the retention of the connecting section 41 to be released and the spring force F of the spring element 39 acts on the connecting section 41 which in turn acts on the locking section 42 and displaces it into the groove 14 of the first panel 1. The force F of the spring element 39 which acts transverse to the longitudinal direction of the groove 14 causes a force fitting engagement of the locking section 42 in the groove 14 of the first panel 1 (FIG. 5 b).
  • The tongue 9 e shown in the exemplary embodiment of the FIGS. 6 a and 6 b has an alternative configuration to the tongue 9 shown in the FIGS. 1 a to 1 c. Here, a projection 43 which projects over the lower groove flank 8 of the groove 6 of the second panel 2 is formed by a first section 44 of the two-part connecting section. The first section 44 is connected to the locking section 47 and to the second section 48 of the connecting section via a respective joint 45, 46. The second section 48 of the connecting section is connected to the retaining section 50 of the tongue 9 e via a further joint 49. All joints 45, 46, 49 are arranged at a side surface of the tongue 9 e, which points towards the bottom side of the second panel 2. The first section 44 is arranged in a plane which is parallel to the plane E of the retaining section 50. The locking section 47 as well as the second section 48 are slanted relative to the plane E of the retaining section 50.
  • When connecting two neighboring panels 1, 2 the projection contacts the lower groove flank 17 of the groove 14 of the opposing first panel 1 and, by further lowering of the second panel 2, is displaced in the direction of the arrow P towards the top side 4 of the panels 1, 2. This displacement causes the first section 44 to be moved into the plane of the retaining section 50. During this, the locking section 47 is displaced into the groove 14 of the neighboring first panel 1. If the tongue 9 e is pre-tensioned, the panels 1, 2 are additionally braced against each other by the internal stress of the tongue 9 e.
  • FIGS. 7 a and 7 b show an embodiment, in which the tongue 9, as shown in FIG. 1 is rotated by 180° and instead of being arranged in the right panel 2, is now arranged in the left panel 1. The retaining section 10 is now located in the left groove 14. The locking section 13 has to be inserted into the right groove 6. The projection 16 points upwards and no longer downwards.
  • With regard to further functions, reference is made to the descriptions of the FIGS. 1 a to 1 c, since in FIG. 7 merely the orientation and assignment of the tongue is changed.
  • The example of FIG. 7 is representative of the possibility to modify all further shown embodiments with regard to the mounting location of the tongue. Thus, in all embodiments, the tongue can be rotated by 180° and mounted in the corresponding groove of the other panel.
  • The embodiment of FIG. 8 is a modification of the embodiment of FIG. 2 b. The tongue in this embodiment can be transformed into the meta-stable position. The stable position corresponds essentially to the representation in FIG. 2 a with the difference that the arched connecting section is configured as a warp. This warp is pushed back beyond a tipping point until the connecting section 28 extends in the other direction. For this, a corresponding recess 51 is provided on the upper groove flank 7 and a pusher 52 on the lower groove flank 17.
  • In all embodiments, the geometry of the tongue is shown and described as being rectangular. The invention however, does not exclude tongues with other geometries, such that the shown and described shape is representative for other geometries.
  • REFERENCE SIGNS
    • 1—panel
    • 2—panel
    • 3—bottom side
    • 4—top side
    • 5—side
    • 6—groove
    • 7—upper groove flank
    • 8—lower groove flank
    • 9—tongue
    • 9 a—tongue
    • 9 b—tongue
    • 9 c—tongue
    • 9 d—tongue
    • 9 e—tongue
    • 10—retaining section
    • 11—connecting section
    • 12—joint
    • 13—locking section
    • 14—groove
    • 15—joint
    • 16—projection
    • 16 a—projection
    • 16 b—projection
    • 17—lower groove flank
    • 18—locking rail
    • 19—coupling channel
    • 20—coupling bulge
    • 21—side
    • 22—coupling channel
    • 23—coupling bulge
    • 24—region of contact
    • 25—support rail
    • 26—groove flank
    • 27—retaining section
    • 28—connecting section
    • 29—locking section
    • 30—retaining section
    • 31—connecting section
    • 32—locking section
    • 33—projection
    • 34—recess
    • 35—locking and connecting section
    • 36—space
    • 37—retaining section
    • 38—retaining section
    • 39—spring element
    • 40—connecting section
    • 41—locking section
    • 42—projection
    • 43—projection
    • 44—first section
    • 45—joint
    • 46—joint
    • 47—locking section
    • 48—second section
    • 49—joint
    • 50—retaining section
    • 51—recess
    • 52—pusher
    • E—plane
    • V—plane of installation
    • P—arrow
    • H—height
    • F—spring force

Claims (18)

1.-18. (canceled)
19. A covering, comprising:
first and second panels disposed adjacent to one another and having confronting sides which complement one another, each said side having a groove, wherein the groove of one of the confronting sides and the groove of the other one of the confronting sides have upper and lower groove flanks of different lengths to define a short groove flank and a long groove flank which projects beyond the short groove flank by a protruding region; and
a tongue having a locking section, a retaining section, and a connecting section which is displaceable relative to the retaining section and the locking section, said tongue being movably received in one of the grooves of one of the first and second panels for engagement in the groove of the other one of the first and second panels when the first and second panels are connected, said tongue having at least one projection which is oriented in a direction of the protruding region of the long groove flank of the other one of the grooves, said projection being configured to move transversely to a plane of installation when contacting the protruding region to thereby displace the locking section of the tongue in the direction of the groove of the other one of the first and second panels.
20. The covering of claim 19, wherein the locking section bridges in a locking position a gap between the short groove flank of the one of the grooves and the long groove flank of the other one of the grooves.
21. The covering of claim 19, wherein the connecting section is flexibly connected to at least one member selected from the group consisting of locking section and retaining section.
22. The covering of claim 21, further comprising a joint between the connecting section and the member, said joint defining a pivot axis in parallel relationship to the one of the grooves.
23. The covering of claim 22, wherein the joint is a film joint.
24. The covering of claim 22, wherein the joint is arranged between opposing edges of the connecting section and the member.
25. The covering of claim 22, wherein the joint is made from a same material as the locking section, retaining section and connecting section of the tongue.
26. The covering of claim 22, wherein the joint is made from a different material as the locking section, retaining section and connecting section of the tongue.
27. The covering of claim 26, wherein the joint is made from hotmelt.
28. The covering of claim 19, wherein the tongue is made from an elastic material.
29. The covering of claim 19, wherein the locking section is made from a material defined by a lower elasticity than other parts of the tongue.
30. The covering of claim 19, wherein the tongue comprises a plurality of said locking section, said locking sections being arranged in spaced-apart relationship in longitudinal direction of the one of the grooves and actuatable independently of one another.
31. The covering of claim 19, further comprising a plurality of said tongue in the one of the grooves, wherein the retaining sections of the tongues are connected to one another in a region of the one of the grooves.
32. The covering of claim 19, wherein the locking section of the tongue has a profiling on at least one side selected from the group consisting of a side oriented towards an upper side of the one of the first and second panels and a side oriented towards a lower side of the one of the first and second panels.
33. The covering of claim 19, wherein the one of the grooves has a profiling on at least one of the upper and lower groove flanks for receiving the locking section of the tongue.
34. The covering of claim 33, wherein the locking section of the tongue has a profiling on at least one side selected from the group consisting of a side oriented towards an upper side of the one of the first and second panels and a side oriented towards a lower side of the one of the first and second panels, said profiling of the locking section engaging in the profiling of the one of the grooves.
35. The covering of claim 19, wherein parts of the tongue are constructed to be able to assume a first state and a second state, wherein the first state is a stable state and the second state is a stable or metastable state.
US13/387,562 2009-07-27 2010-07-10 Covering made from mechanically interconnectable panels Abandoned US20120124932A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102009034902.2A DE102009034902B4 (en) 2009-07-27 2009-07-27 Tiles mechanically interconnectable panels
DE102009034902.2 2009-07-27
PCT/DE2010/000803 WO2011012104A2 (en) 2009-07-27 2010-07-10 Covering comprising panels that can be connected to each other mechanically

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20120124932A1 true US20120124932A1 (en) 2012-05-24

Family

ID=43448114

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US13/387,562 Abandoned US20120124932A1 (en) 2009-07-27 2010-07-10 Covering made from mechanically interconnectable panels

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US20120124932A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2459818B1 (en)
CN (1) CN102482886B (en)
BR (1) BR112012001893A2 (en)
DE (1) DE102009034902B4 (en)
PL (1) PL2459818T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2011012104A2 (en)

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20110056167A1 (en) * 2009-09-04 2011-03-10 Valinge Innovation Ab Resilient floor
US20110167750A1 (en) * 2010-01-12 2011-07-14 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8511031B2 (en) * 2006-01-12 2013-08-20 Valinge Innovation Ab Set F floorboards with overlapping edges
US8544234B2 (en) 2007-11-07 2013-10-01 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical snap folding
US8572922B2 (en) 2011-07-05 2013-11-05 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a glued tongue
US8596013B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2013-12-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US8650826B2 (en) 2011-07-19 2014-02-18 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8763340B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-07-01 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8769905B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-07-08 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8776473B2 (en) 2010-02-04 2014-07-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8806832B2 (en) 2011-03-18 2014-08-19 Inotec Global Limited Vertical joint system and associated surface covering system
US8857126B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-10-14 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8887468B2 (en) 2011-05-06 2014-11-18 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for building panels
US20150047284A1 (en) * 2012-01-05 2015-02-19 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Panel
US20150078819A1 (en) * 2013-09-16 2015-03-19 Valinge Innovation Ab Assembled product and a method of assembling the product
US8997430B1 (en) 2010-04-15 2015-04-07 Spanolux N.V.-Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly
US20150218812A1 (en) * 2012-09-19 2015-08-06 Inotec Global Limited Panel for Covering a Surface or Support and an Associated Joint System
US20150233124A1 (en) * 2012-02-23 2015-08-20 Admiral Composite Technologies, Inc. Deck system and components
US20150252573A1 (en) * 2014-03-06 2015-09-10 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Flooring industries limited SARL
US9206611B2 (en) * 2010-01-14 2015-12-08 Spanolux N.V.—Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly and floor panel for use therein
US9216541B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2015-12-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Method for producing a mechanical locking system for building panels
JP2016502002A (en) * 2012-11-22 2016-01-21 ベーリンゲ、フローリング、テクノロジー、アクチボラグVaelinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical fastening system of the floor panel
US9314936B2 (en) 2011-08-29 2016-04-19 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9394698B2 (en) 2012-02-23 2016-07-19 Admiral Composite Technologies, Inc. Deck system and components
US9458634B2 (en) * 2014-05-14 2016-10-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US20160340913A1 (en) * 2014-05-14 2016-11-24 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US9605437B2 (en) * 2015-02-25 2017-03-28 Yu-Yung CHENG Dismountable flooring block
US9655442B2 (en) 2014-12-19 2017-05-23 Valinge Innovation Ab Panels comprising a mechanical locking device and an assembled product comprising the panels
DE102015121761A1 (en) * 2015-12-14 2017-06-14 Guido Schulte Mechanical connection for panels
US9714672B2 (en) 2014-01-10 2017-07-25 Valinge Innovation Ab Panels comprising a mechanical locking device and an assembled product comprising the panels
US9723923B2 (en) 2014-07-11 2017-08-08 Valinge Innovation Ab Panel with a slider
US9725912B2 (en) 2011-07-11 2017-08-08 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9932741B2 (en) * 2009-01-16 2018-04-03 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Method for manufacturing floor panels
US9945121B2 (en) 2015-12-03 2018-04-17 Valinge Innovation Ab Panels comprising a mechanical locking device and an assembled product comprising the panels
US10017948B2 (en) 2013-06-27 2018-07-10 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US10059084B2 (en) 2014-07-16 2018-08-28 Valinge Innovation Ab Method to produce a thermoplastic wear resistant foil
US10100535B2 (en) 2014-01-10 2018-10-16 Valinge Innovation Ab Wood fibre based panel with a surface layer
US10138636B2 (en) 2014-11-27 2018-11-27 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels

Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
MX344603B (en) * 2011-07-19 2016-12-20 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels.
ZA201309543B (en) * 2011-07-19 2015-04-29 Valinge Flooring Tech Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
TR201802375T4 (en) * 2011-08-15 2018-03-21 Ceraloc Innovation Ab mechanical locking system for floor panels.
DE102011052711A1 (en) * 2011-08-15 2013-02-21 Guido Schulte Tiles mechanically interconnectable panels
WO2013029320A1 (en) * 2011-08-29 2013-03-07 Yao Xizhi Assembling floor structure with connecting member
DE102011056494A1 (en) 2011-12-15 2013-06-20 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels with clip
DE102012013742A1 (en) * 2011-12-19 2013-06-20 Fritz Egger Gmbh & Co. Og Panel of a floor covering with foreign element
DE102013101756A1 (en) * 2012-11-30 2014-06-05 Hamberger Industriewerke Gmbh Connector e.g. glueless connector, for e.g. floor element for flooring applications, has structural element moved to latch position in which locking lip of locking element is non-positively or positively locked in direction
DE102014103176A1 (en) * 2014-03-10 2015-09-10 Guido Schulte Tiles mechanically interconnectable panels
DE202015101541U1 (en) 2015-03-19 2015-05-05 Guido Schulte Mechanical connection for panels
DE102015111930A1 (en) * 2015-07-22 2017-01-26 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh paneling

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030024199A1 (en) * 2001-07-27 2003-02-06 Darko Pervan Floor panel with sealing means
US20070028547A1 (en) * 2003-03-24 2007-02-08 Kronotec Ag Device for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
US20090019806A1 (en) * 2007-07-20 2009-01-22 Moritz Andre Muehlebach Flooring system

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SE514645C2 (en) * 1998-10-06 2001-03-26 Perstorp Flooring Ab Flooring material comprising sheet-shaped floor elements intended to be joined by the separate joining profiles
SE519791C2 (en) * 2001-07-27 2003-04-08 Valinge Aluminium Ab System for forming a joint between two floorboards, floorboards therefore provided with sealing means at the joint edges and method of manufacturing a core machined to floorboards
DE602004010914T3 (en) * 2004-10-22 2011-07-07 Välinge Innovation AB Set of floor panels
SE529076C2 (en) * 2005-07-11 2007-04-24 Pergo Europ Ab A joint for panels
DE102006037614B3 (en) * 2006-08-10 2007-12-20 Guido Schulte Floor covering, has head spring pre-assembled in slot and protruding over end of slot, and wedge surface formed at slot or head spring such that head spring runs into wedge surface by shifting projecting end of head spring into slot
DE102007049792A1 (en) * 2007-08-10 2009-02-19 Hamberger Industriewerke Gmbh connection
DE102007042250B4 (en) * 2007-09-06 2010-04-22 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Means for connecting and locking two structural panels, in particular floor panels
DE102007043308B4 (en) * 2007-09-11 2009-12-03 Flooring Technologies Ltd. Means for connecting and locking two structural panels, in particular floor panels
BE1018600A5 (en) * 2007-11-23 2011-04-05 Flooring Ind Ltd Sarl Floor panel.
BE1018627A5 (en) * 2009-01-16 2011-05-03 Flooring Ind Ltd Sarl Floor panel.

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030024199A1 (en) * 2001-07-27 2003-02-06 Darko Pervan Floor panel with sealing means
US20070028547A1 (en) * 2003-03-24 2007-02-08 Kronotec Ag Device for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
US20090019806A1 (en) * 2007-07-20 2009-01-22 Moritz Andre Muehlebach Flooring system

Cited By (69)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8511031B2 (en) * 2006-01-12 2013-08-20 Valinge Innovation Ab Set F floorboards with overlapping edges
US8544234B2 (en) 2007-11-07 2013-10-01 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with vertical snap folding
US9932741B2 (en) * 2009-01-16 2018-04-03 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Method for manufacturing floor panels
US8756899B2 (en) 2009-09-04 2014-06-24 Valinge Innovation Ab Resilient floor
US8365499B2 (en) 2009-09-04 2013-02-05 Valinge Innovation Ab Resilient floor
US20110056167A1 (en) * 2009-09-04 2011-03-10 Valinge Innovation Ab Resilient floor
US9249581B2 (en) 2009-09-04 2016-02-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Resilient floor
US9453347B2 (en) 2010-01-12 2016-09-27 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8544230B2 (en) 2010-01-12 2013-10-01 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US20110167750A1 (en) * 2010-01-12 2011-07-14 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8898988B2 (en) 2010-01-12 2014-12-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9206611B2 (en) * 2010-01-14 2015-12-08 Spanolux N.V.—Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly and floor panel for use therein
US8776473B2 (en) 2010-02-04 2014-07-15 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9428919B2 (en) 2010-02-04 2016-08-30 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8997430B1 (en) 2010-04-15 2015-04-07 Spanolux N.V.-Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly
US9003735B2 (en) 2010-04-15 2015-04-14 Spanolux N.V.—Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly
US9476208B2 (en) 2010-04-15 2016-10-25 Spanolux N.V.—Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly
US8806832B2 (en) 2011-03-18 2014-08-19 Inotec Global Limited Vertical joint system and associated surface covering system
US9103126B2 (en) 2011-03-18 2015-08-11 Inotec Global Limited Vertical joint system and associated surface covering system
US10000935B2 (en) 2011-03-18 2018-06-19 Inotec Global Limited Vertical joint system and associated surface covering system
US10202996B2 (en) 2011-05-06 2019-02-12 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for building panels
US8887468B2 (en) 2011-05-06 2014-11-18 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for building panels
US9538842B2 (en) 2011-05-06 2017-01-10 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for building panels
US8959866B2 (en) 2011-07-05 2015-02-24 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a glued tongue
US8572922B2 (en) 2011-07-05 2013-11-05 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a glued tongue
US9856656B2 (en) 2011-07-05 2018-01-02 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking of floor panels with a glued tongue
US9725912B2 (en) 2011-07-11 2017-08-08 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8650826B2 (en) 2011-07-19 2014-02-18 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9874027B2 (en) 2011-07-19 2018-01-23 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US10240349B2 (en) 2011-07-19 2019-03-26 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9284737B2 (en) 2011-07-19 2016-03-15 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9051738B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2015-06-09 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US10180005B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2019-01-15 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8769905B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-07-08 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8857126B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-10-14 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US8763340B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2014-07-01 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9388584B2 (en) 2011-08-15 2016-07-12 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9314936B2 (en) 2011-08-29 2016-04-19 Valinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9714515B2 (en) 2011-08-29 2017-07-25 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9476207B2 (en) * 2012-01-05 2016-10-25 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Panel
US20150047284A1 (en) * 2012-01-05 2015-02-19 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Panel
US9394698B2 (en) 2012-02-23 2016-07-19 Admiral Composite Technologies, Inc. Deck system and components
US20150233124A1 (en) * 2012-02-23 2015-08-20 Admiral Composite Technologies, Inc. Deck system and components
US9216541B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2015-12-22 Valinge Innovation Ab Method for producing a mechanical locking system for building panels
US8596013B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2013-12-03 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US20150218812A1 (en) * 2012-09-19 2015-08-06 Inotec Global Limited Panel for Covering a Surface or Support and an Associated Joint System
US9885187B2 (en) 2012-09-19 2018-02-06 Inotec Global Limited Panel for covering a surface or support and an associated joint system
US9366036B2 (en) * 2012-11-22 2016-06-14 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
JP2016502002A (en) * 2012-11-22 2016-01-21 ベーリンゲ、フローリング、テクノロジー、アクチボラグVaelinge Flooring Technology Ab Mechanical fastening system of the floor panel
US9771723B2 (en) * 2012-11-22 2017-09-26 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US20160326751A1 (en) * 2012-11-22 2016-11-10 Ceraloc Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US10017948B2 (en) 2013-06-27 2018-07-10 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US20150078819A1 (en) * 2013-09-16 2015-03-19 Valinge Innovation Ab Assembled product and a method of assembling the product
US9726210B2 (en) * 2013-09-16 2017-08-08 Valinge Innovation Ab Assembled product and a method of assembling the product
US9714672B2 (en) 2014-01-10 2017-07-25 Valinge Innovation Ab Panels comprising a mechanical locking device and an assembled product comprising the panels
US10100535B2 (en) 2014-01-10 2018-10-16 Valinge Innovation Ab Wood fibre based panel with a surface layer
US9617741B2 (en) * 2014-03-06 2017-04-11 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Set of panels with locking element
US20150252573A1 (en) * 2014-03-06 2015-09-10 Flooring Industries Limited, Sarl Flooring industries limited SARL
US9458634B2 (en) * 2014-05-14 2016-10-04 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US20160340913A1 (en) * 2014-05-14 2016-11-24 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US10246883B2 (en) * 2014-05-14 2019-04-02 Valinge Innovation Ab Building panel with a mechanical locking system
US9723923B2 (en) 2014-07-11 2017-08-08 Valinge Innovation Ab Panel with a slider
US10059084B2 (en) 2014-07-16 2018-08-28 Valinge Innovation Ab Method to produce a thermoplastic wear resistant foil
US10138636B2 (en) 2014-11-27 2018-11-27 Valinge Innovation Ab Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US9655442B2 (en) 2014-12-19 2017-05-23 Valinge Innovation Ab Panels comprising a mechanical locking device and an assembled product comprising the panels
US10034541B2 (en) 2014-12-19 2018-07-31 Valinge Innovation Ab Panels comprising a mechanical locking device and an assembled product comprising the panels
US9605437B2 (en) * 2015-02-25 2017-03-28 Yu-Yung CHENG Dismountable flooring block
US9945121B2 (en) 2015-12-03 2018-04-17 Valinge Innovation Ab Panels comprising a mechanical locking device and an assembled product comprising the panels
DE102015121761A1 (en) * 2015-12-14 2017-06-14 Guido Schulte Mechanical connection for panels

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2011012104A2 (en) 2011-02-03
CN102482886B (en) 2014-07-30
PL2459818T3 (en) 2018-10-31
DE102009034902B4 (en) 2015-10-01
BR112012001893A2 (en) 2016-03-15
WO2011012104A3 (en) 2011-04-21
EP2459818B1 (en) 2018-06-20
CN102482886A (en) 2012-05-30
DE102009034902A1 (en) 2011-02-17
EP2459818A2 (en) 2012-06-06

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7121059B2 (en) System for joining building panels
US8863473B2 (en) Interconnectable panel system and method of panel interconnection
CN1114743C (en) Edge locking structure for connecting building slab
US6584747B2 (en) Floor tile
US8341914B2 (en) Mechanical locking of floor panels with a flexible bristle tongue
US9670683B2 (en) Panel, covering and method for installing such panels
RU2277158C2 (en) Flooring strips and method of flooring strip production and mounting
US9453347B2 (en) Mechanical locking system for floor panels
US7775007B2 (en) System for joining building panels
KR101206400B1 (en) Mechanical locking of floor panels with a flexible tongue
US20060117696A1 (en) Locking system for floorboards
US20020092263A1 (en) Method for laying floor panels
CA2443022C (en) Panel assembly for joining flat, thin members that adjoin each other
EP2829668B1 (en) Floor panel
US8037656B2 (en) Flooring boards with press down locking mechanism
AU2004223765B2 (en) Device for connecting building boards, especially floor panels
JP2550466B2 (en) Flooring
JP4574613B2 (en) Flooring system and installation method
ES2337218T3 (en) Equipment for connecting and locking two plates construction.
EP1292743B1 (en) Floor board with coupling means
ES2202125T3 (en) Union.
EP1882069B1 (en) Flooring system and method for laying a floor covering
CA2670945C (en) Mechanical locking of floor panels
CN100354491C (en) Panel and interlocking system for panels
EP2236694A1 (en) A fastening system and a panel