CN102482886A - Covering comprising panels that can be connected to each other mechanically - Google Patents

Covering comprising panels that can be connected to each other mechanically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102482886A
CN102482886A CN 201080028698 CN201080028698A CN102482886A CN 102482886 A CN102482886 A CN 102482886A CN 201080028698 CN201080028698 CN 201080028698 CN 201080028698 A CN201080028698 A CN 201080028698A CN 102482886 A CN102482886 A CN 102482886A
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China
Prior art keywords
groove
tongue
section
panel
coating
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CN 201080028698
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102482886B (en
Inventor
吉多·舒尔特
弗朗茨·埃施尔贝克
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吉多·舒尔特
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Priority to DE102009034902.2 priority Critical
Priority to DE102009034902.2A priority patent/DE102009034902B4/en
Application filed by 吉多·舒尔特 filed Critical 吉多·舒尔特
Priority to PCT/DE2010/000803 priority patent/WO2011012104A2/en
Publication of CN102482886A publication Critical patent/CN102482886A/en
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Publication of CN102482886B publication Critical patent/CN102482886B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0138Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels perpendicular to the main plane
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • E04F2201/0523Separate tongues; Interlocking keys, e.g. joining mouldings of circular, square or rectangular shape

Abstract

The invention relates to a covering comprising panels that can be connected to each other mechanically, and having the following characteristics: - adjacent first and second panels (1, 2) each having a groove (6, 14) on the sides (5, 21) thereof that are complementary to each other, - the grooves (6, 14) each have upper and lower groove sides (7, 8; ; 17, 26) having different lengths, - in one of the grooves (6, 14) a spring (9, 9a, 9b, 9c, 9d) is arranged that can be moved relative to the panel (1, 2) at least in parts, said spring is suitable for engaging in the corresponding groove (6, 14) of the adjacent panel (1, 2) when the adjacent panels (1, 2) are connected, - the spring (9, 9a, 9b, 9c, 9d) has at least one projection (16, 33, 42, 43), which points in the direction of the area of the longer groove sides (7, 17) of the other groove (6, 14) that protrudes relative to the shorter groove sides (8, 26), - the projection (16, 33, 42, 43) is intended to be moved transversely to the laying plane ( ) of the panels (1, 2) in the event of contact with said area of the groove side (7, 17), wherein the projection (16, 33, 42, 43) is operatively connected to a locking section (13, 29, 32, 35, 41, 47) of the spring (9, 9a, 9b, 9c, 9d),; said locking section can be moved in the direction of the groove (6, 14) of the adjacent panel (1, 2) as a result of the motion of the projection (16, 33, 42, 43).

Description

由能机械地相互连接的嵌板组成的覆层 Cladding layers formed of interconnected panels mechanically consisting of

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及一个由能机械地相互连接的嵌板组成的覆层。 [0001] The present invention relates to a panel by the energy of interconnected mechanically cladding. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 墙体的、天花板的和地面的覆层、例如镶木地板、实木地板或层压地板由多排在其构造上主要是矩形的嵌板组成。 [0002] The wall, ceiling and floor coating, e.g. parquet floors, laminate floors or wooden floors on which a plurality of rows configured mainly composed of a rectangular panel. 嵌板通常在一个长边和一个短边上具有连续的槽并且在各对置的长边和短边上具有连续的榫,它们形状结合地匹配于槽。 Panel usually has a long side and a short side having a continuous groove and a continuous tongue in the opposite long sides and short sides, which matches the shape of the groove in combination. 通过槽和榫的连接铺设嵌板,其中两个相邻的排的嵌板相互错开地设置。 By laying the tongue and groove connection panel, wherein two adjacent rows of panels are arranged offset from one another.

[0003] 已知在槽和榫上构成机械的联锁装置,它们在地板覆层中使相邻的嵌板相互间实现卡锁嵌接。 [0003] Known mechanical interlock configured tongue and groove on their adjacent panels in the floor covering each other manipulation to achieve locking engagement. 由此能够在铺设的地板覆层中避免由于膨胀或收缩过程形成接缝。 It is possible to avoid the expansion or contraction during the formation of a seam laid in the floor covering. 在嵌板的槽和榫上构造有相互匹配的联锁元件,其形式为凹槽、空隙或凸起,用于使连接的地面嵌板无胶水地保持在接合位置。 On the tongue and groove panel configured with mutually matching locking element in the form of recesses, voids or protrusions, for connecting floor panels without glue held in the engaged position. 通常使嵌板沿着其长边相互旋转嵌入或者卡接(geklickt)并且接着侧向地移动,由此使短边上的联锁条嵌接。 Typically mutual rotation so that the long side of the panel along its or snap fitted (geklickt) and then moved laterally, whereby the locking of short sides of the engagement. 为了易于实现这一点,可以从对置的各短边开始在借助于锤击块的情况下使用轻微地锤击。 To facilitate this, each short start from opposite sides of the hammer used in the case of slightly by means of the hammer block. 在此存在危险,即使在小心地工作时也可能导致损伤地面嵌板。 This danger exists even when carefully work can also cause damage to the floor panels.

[0004] 也存在解决方案,在这些解决方案中使相互对接的短边通过在其纵向上移动的榫相互连接。 [0004] The solutions also exist, in these solutions the short sides abutting each other manipulation thereof by the longitudinal movement of the tongue connected to each other. 由此省去利用锤子手动锤击。 Thereby eliminating the need to manually using a hammer hammer. 榫是预装配的,由此也省去事后接合。 Tongue is pre-assembled, thereby also eliminating the need for post bonded. 这种地面覆层是WO 2008/017301的内容。 Such floor covering is WO 2008/017301 content. 在此一个榫的突出的端部移动进入到短边的槽中,用于使榫部分地从一个槽移动到相邻的嵌板的对应的槽中。 The end portion of a movable tongue projecting into the short side of the groove, for moving from a tongue portion adjacent to the groove corresponding to the groove panel. 通过这种方式使嵌板相互联锁。 In this manner interlocked panels.

[0005] 为了无论如何能够实现榫的移动性,必需使榫保持具有一定的间隙并且安装在互补嵌板的相应精确对准的相对置的槽中。 [0005] In order to achieve the mobility of the tongue in any case, it is necessary that the respective opposing slots to maintain precise alignment tongue has a certain play and is mounted in the complementary panel. 这个间隙优选尽可能地小,由此在两个嵌板的接缝区域不会产生高度错位。 This gap is preferably as small as possible, whereby no height offset in the seam area of ​​the two panels. 但是一定的间隙在原理上是不能避免的。 But a certain gap in principle can not be avoided.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的目的是,给出一种由能机械地相互连接的嵌板组成的覆层,尤其是地面覆层,其中在接缝区域中的高度错位最小化。 Objective [0006] The present invention is made to give a cladding panel can be mechanically connected to each other compositions, particularly floor coverings, wherein a height offset in the seam area is minimized.

[0007] 这个目的以一种具有权利要求1特征的覆层得以实现。 [0007] This object is in a coating having the features of claim 1 is achieved.

[0008] 从属权利要求涉及本发明的有利的改进方案。 Advantageous developments of the present invention relates to [0008] the dependent claims.

[0009] 按照本发明的覆层的嵌板设定用于并且适合于与另一相同的嵌板机械地连接。 [0009] and adapted for setting a connection to another identical panels mechanically panel coating according to the present invention. 该连接通过设置在嵌板的互补侧面上的形式为槽和榫连接的连接元件实现。 The tongue and groove connection element is achieved by connecting a complementary form provided in the side panels for. 相邻的嵌板在其相互互补的侧面上分别具有一个水平的槽。 Adjacent panels each have a horizontal groove in the side surface thereof complementary to each other. 在其中一个槽中设置一个相对于嵌板至少部分地能相对移动的榫。 Wherein a groove provided in a panel with respect to at least partially able to move relative to the tongue. 所述榫在连接相邻的嵌板时嵌入到相邻嵌板的槽中并因此使相邻的嵌板相对于垂直的移动相互锁止。 The tongue is embedded in the connection groove of the adjacent panel to an adjacent panel and the adjacent panel thus vertically movable with respect to each lock. 所述榫具有固定段,它设置在固定榫的嵌板的槽中。 Said tongue having a stationary section, which is provided at a fixed tongue groove panel.

[0010] 所述榫具有至少一个凸起。 [0010] The tongue has at least one projection. 该凸起横向于铺设平面、即朝嵌板的顶面或底面方向突出。 The projection transverse to the laying plane, i.e. projecting towards the top or bottom surface panel direction. 由此给出凸起,使在联锁位置中榫的突出的区域比在凸起部位横向于铺设平面测量的槽宽度更宽。 Thus giving the projections, so that in the locking position, the tongue projection area wider than the groove width of the protrusion portion measured transversely to the laying plane. 因此凸起尤其突出于榫的与槽宽度相一致的固定段。 In particular, the projection thus consistent with the width of the groove section is fixed to the projecting tongue. [0011] 为了对准槽并由此也对准设置在那里的榫,要注意的是,使槽优选水平地、即在铺设平面中定向。 [0011] In order to be aligned with the alignment groove and thereby the tongue is provided there, to be noted that the preferred level trough, i.e. oriented in the plane of laying. 但是也能够使槽并由此也使榫相对于铺设平面倾斜、即成锐角地设置。 It is also possible to make the tongue groove and thereby also inclined with respect to the laying plane, an acute angle is provided Serve.

[0012] 所述槽分别具有不同长度的上槽颚板和下槽颚板,由此较长槽颚板的相应突出于较短槽颚板的区域相互间平行间隔地对置。 [0012] The grooves have different groove lengths of the jaws and the lower groove flank, whereby the shorter groove flanks projecting region of the corresponding groove flank longer parallel each other at intervals therebetween. 所述槽颚板的突出的区域作为凸起的支承面。 Projecting region of the groove jaw as a convex bearing surface. 即:所述凸起设定用于,在与槽颚板的这个突出区域接触时横向于铺设平面、即通常垂直于嵌板的铺设平面移动。 That is: for the projection set, when in contact with the groove flanks projecting region transverse to the laying plane, i.e. generally perpendicular to the laying plane of the movable panels. 换言之,使榫的凸起或突出的区域不仅在高度方向上被挤压回并且一直减小到较长槽颚板的相对置的突出的各区域之间的槽的宽度,而且同时也在铺设平面、即水平方向移动。 In other words, a boss or projection area of ​​the tongue is pressed back only in the height direction and has been reduced to the width of the groove between the regions of the longer projecting groove opposing jaws, but also at the same time laying plane, i.e., movement in the horizontal direction. 水平的移动如此实现,即:凸起是榫的固定组成部分,它通过其一端已经支承在槽中,但是这样地配置,使榫的另一端在铺设平面方向上移动。 Horizontal movement thus achieved, namely: the projection is a fixed component of the tongue, it is already supported in the groove via one end thereof, but is arranged so that the other end of the tongue is moved in the direction of the laying plane. 因此凸起与榫的联锁段处于作用关联,所述联锁段由于凸起的运动能够朝相邻的嵌板的槽方向移动。 Thus the tongue and the locking projection section in the associated action, the locking section is movable toward the groove direction due to the projection of an adjacent panel movement.

[0013] 作为槽在本发明的意义上不仅指的是在直接相对置的各槽颚板之间延伸的区域。 [0013] As the grooves in the sense of the present invention refers not only to the region between the grooves directly opposing jaws extending. 它也指的是与长的槽颚板相对置的那个区域,因为这个空间也被榫占据。 It also refers to that region of the long groove flank opposite, because this space is occupied by the tongue. 所述槽颚板、尤其较长的槽颚板可以以其在槽深度上观察的距离变化。 The groove flank, in particular the long groove flank can change its distance viewed in the groove depth. 首先使较长槽颚板的突出于较短槽颚板的区域可以相对于较短槽颚板下降或偏置,由此加大与相对置的槽颚板的距离。 First, the long groove flank region of the shorter projecting groove jaws may be short relative to the jaw groove or decrease the bias, thereby increasing the distance the slot opposite the jaws. 但是下降的部位也属于槽。 But also a decrease in the groove portion.

[0014] 所述固定段可以通过连接段与联锁段连接。 The [0014] fixing segments may be connected by a connection section and the locking section. 在此所述连接段根据安装位置优选通过在面向其顶面或嵌板底面的棱边上设置的铰链与固定段连接。 In the connecting section is connected to the fastening section according to the installation position, preferably by a hinge panel faces the top surface or bottom edges of the set. 所述联锁段通过在其对角对置的棱边上设置的铰链与连接段联接。 The locking section thereof by a hinge coupling connecting sections of diagonally opposite edges of the set. 所述铰链的位置主要确定凸起的最远突出点的位置。 The position of the hinge is primarily determined projection position furthest projecting points.

[0015] 所述榫在连接两个嵌板之前在初始位置至少局部地折叠,其中固定段、连接段和联锁段围绕铰链相互间在垂直方向上从固定段的平面中转出来。 [0015] The tongue is folded at least partially before connecting two panels in an initial position, wherein the retaining section, the connecting section and the locking section to each other about a hinge fixed to transit out of the plane of the section in the vertical direction. 为了能够实现这种折叠使固定段、连接段和联锁段的相互指向的侧面分别与嵌板顶面和底面互补地斜切。 To enable this folded side so that each point of the fixed section, the connecting section and the locking section are complementarily chamfered top and bottom surfaces of the panel.

[0016] 在连接两个相邻嵌板时通过接近嵌板的较长槽颚板使凸起移动。 [0016] When connecting two adjacent panels by moving closer to the projection panel so long groove flank. 根据安装位置, 可以使凸起向上或向下指向。 Depending on the installation location, it can be made upwardly convex or downwardly directed. 优选地,通过与第一嵌板的容纳联锁段的槽的下槽颚板接触使凸起移动。 Preferably, the projections moved by contact with the lower groove flank of the groove accommodating the locking section so that the first panel. 垂直运动引起水平运动,在水平运动时凸起沿着容纳联锁段的槽的下槽颚板滑动。 Causing horizontal movement of the vertical movement, the projection slides along the lower groove flank of the receiving grooves of the locking section in a horizontal motion. 这引起连接段围绕两个铰链偏转到固定段的水平平面中。 This causes the connecting section around two hinges to a horizontal deflection plane of the fixed section. 同样地,所述联锁段也围绕凸起的铰链偏转到固定段的水平平面中。 Likewise, the interlocking segments to be deflected in the horizontal plane around the fixed boss section hinge. 所述榫从其折叠的状态展开,只要较长的槽侧面已经尽可能远地接近。 The tongue expand its folded state, as long as the longer side close to the groove as far as possible. 当相邻嵌板之间的高度错位最小的时候是这种情况。 When the misalignment between the minimum height of the adjacent panel when this is the case. 所述联锁段通过榫的插接运动压入到第一嵌板的槽中。 The locking section is pressed into the groove of the first panel by the insertion movement of the tongue. 为了使连接段易于穿入到槽中,可以使指向槽的连接段端面倒角或倒圆。 In order to easily penetrate into the groove connecting section, the connecting section may be directed groove chamfering or rounding.

[0017] 在榫的联锁段移动到相邻嵌板的槽中以后,使联锁段与连接段之间的铰链位于容纳联锁段的槽的下槽颚板的高度上。 [0017] In the locking section moved beyond the tongue groove of an adjacent panel, the hinge connection between the locking section and the height of the groove section located on the lower jaw of the receiving groove of the locking section. 在连接两个相邻的嵌板以后,固定段、连接段和联锁段优选水平地定向。 After connecting two adjacent panels, a fixed section, the connecting section and the locking section is preferably oriented horizontally. 因为固定榫的槽的下槽颚板只在固定段的宽度上延伸,连接段和联锁段的指向嵌板底面的表面放置在容纳榫的联锁段的槽的下槽颚板上。 Because the lower groove flank of the groove of the fixing tongue extends only over the width of the fastening section, the panel directed surface and the bottom surface of the connecting section of the locking section on the jaws is placed under the tongue groove receiving groove of the locking section.

[0018] 除了上述的实施例以外当然也可以设想,使榫的各个段在中间连接。 [0018] In addition to the embodiments described above can of course also conceivable, that the tongue of each section is connected in the middle. 在这种情况下,连接段和联锁段的面向嵌板底面的棱边形成凸起。 In this case, the panel edges facing the bottom surface of the connecting section and the locking section is formed convex edge. 同样地,除了固定段、连接段和联锁段以外,榫还可以具有其它段。 Likewise, in addition to the fixed section, the connecting section and the locking section, the tongue may have other segments.

[0019] 此外,可以设想榫的实施例,其中一个凸起与确定的机构联接。 [0019] Furthermore, embodiments may be envisaged embodiment the tongue, wherein a projection of the coupling mechanism determined. 这个机构实现将榫的联锁段在水平方向压入到相邻嵌板的槽中。 This interlock mechanism to achieve the tongue section in the horizontal direction is pressed into the groove of an adjacent panel. 在此只要凸起与对应的槽颚板接触并且朝另一槽侧面的方向移动,就释放机构。 As long as this projection contacts with the corresponding groove flank and the groove flank moves in the direction of the other, to the release mechanism.

[0020] 所述榫的具体结构也与铺设方法有关,尤其当一个嵌板不能以平行的、直线运动铺设,而是要通过摆动运动类似折弯的时候。 [0020] The specific configuration of the tongue and is also related to a method of laying, especially when the panel is not in a parallel, linear motion laying, but similar to the bend by a pivoting movement time. 在摆动运动时,较长的槽侧面的突出的区域在槽的长度上观察对于一定的时刻不同程度地接近。 When pivoting movement, the projection area of ​​the longer sides of the groove as viewed for a certain time proximity to varying degrees over the length of the slot. 例如:在45°角位置中,槽侧面在槽的一端上几乎位于端部位置,而槽侧面在另一端具有几厘米的距离。 For example: In the 45 ° angular position, the groove side almost at the end position at one end of the groove, and the groove side surfaces have a distance of a few centimeters at the other end. 尤其是在这种情况下适宜的是,或者设有多个相互间隔设置的榫,它们不阻碍其运动性。 Especially suitable in this case is provided with a plurality of dovetail or mutually spaced, they do not hinder mobility. 但是也能够设有一个榫, 它通过横向于槽设置的缝隙分成能相互独立操纵的榫段。 But can also be provided with a tongue, the tongue is divided into sections which can be operated independently of each other by a transverse groove disposed in the slot.

[0021] 所述榫段优选地具有一个共同的固定段。 [0021] Preferably, the tongue section having a common fastening section. 这个构造也可以称为梳子形的。 This configuration may also be referred to as a comb-shaped. 这个扩展结构已经证实是特别有利的,第二嵌板在槽的一端开始沿槽的纵向下降,由此使榫段在时间上依次卡锁到第一嵌板的槽中。 The expandable structure has proven to be particularly advantageous, the second panel at one end of the slot starts longitudinally along the groove decreased, whereby the tongue section sequentially in time to the latching groove of the first panel. 在每个其它的铺设方式中也可以使用能相互独立操纵的榫段,即:如果嵌板不是相互偏转,而是以平行运动铺设的时候。 Tongue segments may also be used can be operated independently of each other in each of the other laying mode, ie: if the panels are not mutually deflected, but in parallel movement when laid.

[0022] 所述联锁段可以在其指向上和/或下槽颚板的侧面上具有成型轮廓。 The [0022] may have a locking section formed on the side on which the contour point and / or lower groove flank. 所述连接段同样可以与联锁段一样在一个或两个侧面上具有成型轮廓。 The connecting section may also be shaped like the locking section having a profile on one or both sides. 这个轮廓例如可以是波浪形, 具有单个齿或锯齿的成型轮廓。 This profile may be, for example, undulating, having a single tooth or zigzag profile contour.

[0023] 所述嵌板的槽颚板可以具有与所述成型轮廓互补的成型轮廓。 [0023] The panel may have a groove flank profile contour complementary to the profile contour. 同样能够在联锁段的一个或两个侧面上设有卡锁部件,它们在插入联锁段到相邻嵌板的槽中时卡锁在上槽颚板或下槽颚板的相应空隙中。 Similarly latching member can be provided on one or both sides of the locking section, the locking section are inserted to the respective panel grooves adjacent voids latching groove on the jaw or the lower jaw in the groove .

[0024] 重要的是,所述联锁段跨接连接在较短的槽颚板上的与另一槽的相邻较长槽颚板的缝隙,用于使嵌板的接缝区域中的高度错位最小。 [0024] Importantly, the interlocking segments crossover connection slot adjacent to another long groove flank of the groove in the shorter grooves on the jaws, for the panel seam area The minimum height of dislocation. 所述联锁段也必须部分地从容纳它的槽突出来、即突出于这个槽的较短的槽颚板。 The locking section must partially protrude from the groove to accommodate it, i.e. in projecting the shorter slot groove flank.

[0025] 原则上,所述榫可以在槽的整个长度上延伸。 On [0025] In principle, the tongue may extend over the entire length of the slot. 此外,在槽的纵向上可以相互间隔地设有多个榫。 Further, on each longitudinal groove may be provided with a plurality of spaced apart tongue. 它们可以具有能相互独立操纵的联锁段。 They may have a locking section can be operated independently of each other. 因此也能够使嵌板在槽的纵向上相互错开地设置。 Thus it is possible to make the panel disposed offset from one another in the longitudinal slot. 在此可以设想,使固定段在槽的区域内相互连接,其中所述连接可以同时作为榫之间的间隔件。 Here it is contemplated that a fixed section connected to one another in the region of the groove, wherein the connector can be used as a spacer between the tongue at the same time.

[0026] 在其中一个嵌板上设有联锁条,它用于使相邻嵌板抗拉负荷地固定在铺设平面。 [0026] in which the locking rail is provided with a panel, which is used to fix the adjacent panels tensile load in the plane of laying. 所述联锁条也用于在铺设平面中联接嵌板,而榫要防止,使嵌板相互间在高度方向上相对移动。 The locking strips can also be coupled to the laying plane panel, the tongue to prevent the panels moving relative to each other in the height direction. 因为嵌接在相邻嵌板下面的联锁条以相对于嵌板顶面相对较大的距离设置,因此附加地规定,使被联锁条从下面嵌接的嵌板主要支承在支承条上。 Because the engagement with respect to a relatively large distance is provided in the top surface of the panel below the panel adjacent the locking rail, thus additionally predetermined, so that the locking bar engages from below the main panels supported on the support strip . 它距离联锁条比距离槽更大地设置。 Provided it is larger than the distance from the locking bar groove. 换言之,所述槽位于支承条与联锁条之间。 In other words, the slot is located between the support bar and the interlocking bar. 所述支承条的功能是,减小支承点与嵌板顶面的距离,这尤其对于非常薄壁的且软的材料是有利的。 The function of the support bar, the support point distance is reduced with the top surface of the panel, which is especially for very thin-walled and flexible material is advantageous. 由于支承条靠近嵌板顶面,在接缝附近点状作用的、作用于从下面嵌接的嵌板上的垂直力以较短的行程导入到相邻的、从下面嵌接的嵌板,当这通过下面铺设的联锁条是可能的。 Since the panel near the top surface of the support bar, in the vicinity of the point of action of the joint, the insert acting from below on the vertical force to the contact panel shorter stroke into adjacent panels engages from below, when this is done by following the laying of interlocking strips is possible. 由于紧接在力作用点附近的支承,使两个嵌板之间的高度错位在拉负荷的情况下明显地减小。 Since the immediately vicinity of the supporting point of force, so that the height offset between the two panels is significantly reduced in the case of tensile load.

[0027] 所述榫总体上可以由同一的材料制成。 The [0027] tongue may be made of a material generally identical. 相应地可以使薄的部位作为薄膜铰链。 Accordingly, the thin parts can be used as a film hinge. 较厚的部位用于承受横向于铺设平面作用的力。 Thicker portion for absorbing transverse forces acting in the plane of laying.

[0028] 用于榫的材料不仅可以是木材,S卩,可以是木材或含有木纤维的材料,或者由木材作为基材制成的材料,例如液体木材、金属和金属合金,例如弹簧钢,对于榫同样可以考虑复合材料。 [0028] The materials for the tongue may be not only of wood, S Jie, may be wood or wood fiber-containing material, or a material made from wood as a substrate, such as a liquid timber, metals and metal alloys, such as spring steel, for the tongue can also be considered a composite material. 同样能够使用双金属或混合塑料如以热塑性或热固性的塑料为基材的塑料。 Likewise can be used such as a bimetal or mixed plastics in a thermoplastic or thermosetting plastic plastic substrate. 所述榫也可以由纤维强化塑料制成。 The tongue may also be made of fiber reinforced plastic. 最好使榫弹性地构成。 Preferably tongue elastically so configured. [0029] 所述榫可以构造成在连接之前处于预张紧下。 [0029] The tongue may be configured in a pretensioned before connecting. 通过预张紧使联锁段压到相邻嵌板的槽中并且附加地固定两个嵌板的连接。 By pre-tensioning the interlock groove panel section adjacent to the pressure and additionally fixedly connected two panels.

[0030] 此外,由于弹性或者因为例如使用弹簧钢,具有复位力的榫适合于在打开连接以后能够将所述榫再拉回或弹回到初始位置。 [0030] Further, since the elastic or because for example of spring steel, having a restoring force adapted to the tongue of the tongue can be re-opened after playing back or back to the initial position of connection.

[0031] 连接榫段的铰链优选由与榫相同的材料制成。 [0031] The hinge connecting the tongue section is preferably made of the same material as the tongue. 当然同样能够对此选择其它材料, 例如一种热熔体。 Of course, this can likewise be to select other materials, for example, a hot melt material. 热熔体指的是溶化剂或热粘接剂,它们例如以聚合物、树脂或黄蜡为基础并且在冷却后还具有柔性。 It refers to a hot melt or hot melt adhesive agent, for example, a polymer thereof, or yellow wax-based resin, after cooling and further having flexibility. 基本构思是以弹性的与非弹性的区域在功能上的分开为基础。 The basic idea is elastic and inelastic regions functionally separate basis. 铰接的区域必需可变形的材料,而不期望联锁段变形。 Hinge region necessary deformable material, undesirably deformed locking section. 因此对于联锁段要使用比铰链的或连接段的区域更小弹性的材料。 Thus the material to be used for the locking section is smaller than an elastic or a hinge region connecting section of.

[0032] 此外一个特点是,可以具有两个状态。 [0032] Also a characteristic that may have two states. 所述榫占据一个稳定的位置以及一个亚稳定的位置,从亚稳定位置使榫在结束力作用时自动返回到稳定状态。 The tongue occupies a stable position, and a sub-stable position, the automatic return to a stable state when the force is applied from the tongue end of the metastable position. 同样可以设有双稳态的榫,其特征在于,存在两个稳定位置并且从一个位置到另一位置的每次变换的前提是力作用。 It may also be provided with a bistable tongue, characterized in that, from one location to another in the presence of two stable positions and provided each transformation is force.

[0033] 具有亚稳定位置的榫从稳定位置通过弯曲过程转移到亚稳定位置,其中从亚稳定位置到稳定位置的复位力比反之的复位力小得多。 [0033] The tongue has a position shifted from the metastable stable position by bending process to the meta-stable position in which the meta-stable position to the stable position of the restoring force is much smaller than the restoring force and vice versa. 这个有利的力-行程特征曲线也可以在本发明中充分利用。 This advantageous force - travel characteristic curve can be fully utilized in the present invention. 弯曲同时作用于榫上的要移动的凸起上。 While bending the tongue acting on projection to be moved. 所述凸起这样远地移动,直到榫冲击式地弹入到亚稳定位置。 The protrusion is moved so far until the tongue abruptly ejected into metastable position. 这是联锁位置。 This is the interlocking position. 通过咔啪声(如这在由金属制成的榫或至少在由金属制成的隆起上出现)也在声音上确定联锁位置。 By click pop sound (as is the tongue made of metal or at least appear on the bump made of metal) are acoustically determined locking position. 但是当其达到联锁位置时也产生轻微的冲击。 However, when it reaches the locking position but also a slight impact. 触觉信息和所谓的咔哒效应的声音信息在铺设时并且也在接纳嵌板时是有益的反馈。 Haptic information and sound information called rattling effect when laying the panels and also receive feedback is beneficial. 在材料方面,咔哒效应主要在金属材料中产生。 In terms of material, rattling effect is mainly generated in the metallic material. 但是原理上也可以通过其它可弯曲的材料、例如塑料实现。 However, the principles may be, for example, be achieved by other bendable plastic material.

[0034] 在嵌板材料方面没有限制,只要它尤其通过切屑加工可以达到所需的形状。 [0034] The panel is not limited in terms of material, as long as it is required for processing can be achieved in particular by the shape of the chips. 在此不仅可以是木材或塑料为基材的嵌板,而且可以是矿物材料以及复合材料。 Here may be not only of wood or plastic for the substrate panel, but may be a mineral material and composite materials. 嵌板的尺寸是次要因素。 The panel size is a secondary factor. 所述嵌板也可以是大规格的,例如600mmX1500mm的结构部件板。 The panel may also be a large-sized, for example, the structural member 600mmX1500mm plate.

[0035] 本发明的构思尤其是可以在所有的地板系统上使用,其中在基体上设置表面覆层,例如实木覆层、层压板,具有涂漆表面作为表面覆层的基体,油毡、基板上的软木等。 [0035] The concept of the present invention in particular can be used on all the flooring system, wherein a surface coating on a substrate, such as wood coating, laminate, having a painted surface as an upper surface of the base covering, linoleum, the substrate cork and so on. 所述覆盖层尤其可以由具有覆盖物的装饰纸制成,它确定部件板的外观。 In particular, the covering layer may be made of paper having a decorative covering, which determine the appearance of the plate member. 因此地面覆层可以是镶木地板、成品镶木地板、实木地板或层压地板。 Therefore, floor covering can be a parquet floor, finished parquet flooring, solid wood flooring or laminate flooring.

[0036] 所述地板覆层尤其也可以是双层地板或空心地板,其中中空空间位于覆层下面、 即嵌板下面,中空空间用于导引管道。 The [0036] floor covering, especially a double floor may be the floor or hollow, wherein the hollow space is located beneath the coating, i.e. the panels below the pipe for guiding the hollow space. 在这种双层地板中也有利的是,如果可以重新接纳各个嵌板,这通过本发明可以非常好地实现。 In such a double floor is also advantageous if the individual panels can be re-admission, which can be very well achieved by the present invention. 因为所述榫不仅可以设置在嵌板的短边上,而且可以设置在长边上,例如通过吸盘(Saugheber)可以将各个嵌板重新抬起并接着再铺设。 Because the tongue may be provided not only on the short side of the panel, but may be provided on the long sides, for example, individual panels may be lifted again by the chuck (Saugheber) and then re-laid.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0037] 下面借助于附图中简示的实施例详细解释本发明。 Embodiment schematically illustrated in the drawings The invention is explained in detail [0037] below with. 附图中: In the drawings:

[0038] 图Ia至Ic分别以横截面图示出两个相邻的嵌板连接部位的在不同的装配位置的局部, [0038] FIGS Ia-Ic, respectively, a partial cross-sectional illustration of two adjacent panels are connected at different portions of the assembly position,

[0039] 图加至7b和8分别示出榫的不同实施例。 [0039] FIGS. 7b and added to various embodiments of the tongue 8 are shown. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0040] 图Ia示出两个嵌板1、2的连接部位的横截面图。 [0040] FIG. Ia shows a cross-sectional view of the connection portion of the two panels 1, 2. 所述嵌板1、2这样构造,使得嵌板1、2可以组成地板覆层。 The panels 1, 2 is constructed so that the panels 1 and 2 may be composed of floor covering. 嵌板1、2具有面对嵌板基础的底面3和背离嵌板基础的顶面4。 A bottom surface facing panels 1 having the panel 3 and the base away from the top surface of the base panel 4. 视图示出在两个嵌板1、2连接前的左侧的第一嵌板1和右侧的第二嵌板2。 View shows a second panel of the first panel on the left side before the two panels 1, 2 connected to the right and 2. 第二嵌板2在其指向第一嵌板1的铺设位置的短边(它在下面以侧面5表示)上具有一个在水平方向上延伸的槽6。 2 points to the second panel in its laying position of the first panel 1 of the short side (in a side below it represents 5) having a groove extending in the horizontal direction on 6. 在此上槽颚板7比下槽颚板8宽。 The groove width of the lower jaw groove flank 7 to 8. 在槽6中设置一个榫9。 A tongue 9 is provided in the groove 6.

[0041] 所述榫9以其固定段10设置在槽6中。 [0041] The tongue 910 is provided in the groove with its retaining section 6. 该固定段10通过其突出于下槽颚板8的、 指向嵌板2的顶面4棱边与连接段11联接。 The fixing section 10 which protrudes through a slot in the lower jaw 8, the top surface 4 and the side edge 11 connected to the coupling point to the panel section 2. 通过铰链12实现固定段10与连接段11的联接。 To achieve coupling section 10 is fixed to the connecting section 11 by a hinge 12. 这个铰链12在这个实施例中由薄膜铰链构成。 The hinge 12 in this embodiment is constituted by a film hinge. 它由与榫9相同的材料制成并且可以与榫在一个加工步骤中制造。 The tongue 9 which is made of the same material and may be manufactured with the tongue in a processing step. 在连接段11上连接联锁段13,它设置用于与一个与第二嵌板2的槽6互补的第一嵌板1的槽14嵌接。 Locking section is connected to the connecting sections 11 13, which is provided with a groove and a second panel 2 is complementary to the first panel 6 engages a groove 14. 所述联锁段13与连接段11通过铰链15连接, 该铰链在这里同样构造成薄膜铰链。 The locking section 1311 is connected to the connecting section 15 by a hinge, the hinge is configured here as well a film hinge. 该铰链15设置在联锁段11与连接段13的两个相互指向的且指向嵌板1、2底面3的棱边之间。 The hinge 15 is provided between the point and another point to the bottom surface of the panel 1, two ribs 13 of the connecting section 3 and the locking section 11 side. 在联锁段11与连接段13之间的连接区域通过铰链15形成与第二嵌板2的槽6相比在嵌板1、2底面3方向上突出的凸起16。 In the connection region between the locking section 13 and connecting section 11 by a hinge 15 formed in projecting boss 16 than the second panel 62 of the groove panel 2 in the direction of the bottom surface 3. 这样构成固定段10、连接段11和联锁段13的相互指向的侧面,使得榫9在初始状态近似折叠,通过使连接段11相对于固定段10并且使联锁段13相对于连接段11从固定段10的水平平面E偏转。 Thus constituting the fixed section 10, each side attachment point of the section 11 and the locking section 13, such that the tongue 9 in the folded initial state approximately, by the connecting section 11 with respect to the fixed section 10 and the locking section 13 with respect to the connecting section 11 from the horizontal plane of the fixed section 10 of the deflector E.

[0042] 所述凸起16在第一嵌板1与第二嵌板2连接时与容纳联锁段13的槽14的下槽颚板17接触(图lb)。 [0042] The projection 16 of the first panel when the second panel is connected to a second contact with the lower groove flank receiving groove 14 of the locking section 13 of the 17 (FIG. Lb). 在第二嵌板2在箭头P方向上继续移动时使凸起16通过下槽颚板17在嵌板2的顶面4方向上顶压。 2 in the second panel continues to move in the direction of the arrow P the projections 16 so that the panel 4 in the direction of the top surface 2 of the lower jaw channel 17 by pressure.

[0043] 在此,连接段11和联锁段13围绕铰链12,15相互间从折叠位置偏转到固定段10 的水平平面E。 [0043] Here, the connecting section 11 and the locking segments 13 are pivoted about the hinge between 12 and 15 from the folded position to the horizontal plane 10 of the fixed segment E. 联锁段13突出于上槽颚板7的长度并且嵌入到相邻第一嵌板1的槽14中。 Locking section 13 protruding in the longitudinal groove flank 7 and fitted into the groove 14 of the adjacent first panel.

[0044] 第一嵌板1通过联锁条18从下面嵌接第二嵌板2。 [0044] The first panel 1 engages the second panel 2 by locking bar 18 from below. 为此第二嵌板2具有向下敞开的联接通道19和一个连接在其上的、向下指向的、端侧的联接隆起20。 For this purpose the second panel 2 having a downwardly open channel 19 and a coupling attached thereto, downwardly directed, ridges 20 of the coupling end. 第一嵌板1的联锁条18水平突出于称为侧面21的短边,由此使联接隆起20嵌接到联锁条18向上敞开的联接通道22中。 A first horizontal locking bar 18 in the panel 1 is referred to as short side projecting edge 21, whereby the ridge 20 engages the coupling locking bar 18 upwardly open channel 22 is coupled. 在联接通道22上在联锁条18的端侧连接一个向上指向的联接隆起23,它在装配位置嵌入到第二嵌板2的从属的联接通道19中。 Coupling channel 22 at the end side on the locking bar 18 is connected to a coupling upwardly directed bulge 23, which is embedded in the assembled position to a second panel coupled slave channel 2 19. 通过联接隆起20,23的底切部防止两个嵌板1、2在铺设平面V、即沿铺设的地板覆层的水平方向移动。 By coupling the raised portions 20, 23 of the undercut to prevent two panels 1, 2 in the laying plane V, i.e., movement in the horizontal direction of the laid floor covering. 所述联接隆起20,23 在其接触区域M倾斜于铺设平面V相互顶靠,由此在第二嵌板2沿箭头P方向向下偏转到已经铺设的第一嵌板1上时使第二嵌板2通过其与第一嵌板1的侧面21互补的侧面5拉向第一嵌板1,由此使嵌板1、2的侧面5,21相互顶靠。 The ridges 20, 23 is coupled at its contact area to the laying plane V M is inclined against the top of each other, whereby the second panel P 2 in the arrow direction deflected downward to a first panel already laid on the second time panel 2 is pulled toward the first panel 1 by the side of the first panel 1 with the side surface 21 complementary to 5, whereby the side panels 1, 2, 5 and 21 abuts against each other.

[0045] 除了两个联接隆起20,23之间的接触之外,使第二嵌板2放在槽14上方的支承条25上。 [0045] In addition to the contact between the two ridges 20, 23 is coupled outside of the second panel 2 is placed above the support bar 25 on the groove 14. 因此该支承条25与联锁条18相比位于与左侧的嵌板4顶面4更小的距离,在该联锁条上嵌板2通常在垂直方向上支承。 Thus the support bar 25 and locking bar 18 is located, the support panel 2 is typically a smaller distance as compared to the left side surface of the panel 4 the locking bar 4 in the vertical direction. 由于支承条25与顶面4更小的距离可以保持更窄的误差,由此通过这个解决方案可以使嵌板1、2之间的可能的高度错位最小。 4 because a smaller distance to the top surface support bars 25 can be kept narrower error, thereby making possible the height of the minimum misalignment between the panels 1, 2 by this solution. 所述支承条25直接邻接槽14,由此使其下棱边是槽14的上槽颚板沈的组成部分。 The support bars 25 directly adjacent the groove 14, whereby its lower edge an integral part of the groove flank of the groove 14 of the sink. 因此所述支承条25 与容纳榫9的联锁段13的槽14 一起延伸。 Thus the support groove 25 and locking bar receiving section 13 of the tongue 9 extends along 14.

[0046] 所述嵌板1、2优选在确定的支承点和固定点上接触。 [0046] The panels 1, 2 is preferably determined on the contact support point and the fixed point. 所述联锁条18与联接隆起20在这个实施例中只在上述的接触区域M接触。 The locking bar 18 20 M in contact with only the above-described embodiment of the contact region in this embodiment is coupled with the ridge. 但是在联锁条18与联接隆起20之间留下的自由空间是这样小的缝隙,使得在外部的垂直负荷时也不能排除接触,这归因于材料的有限弹性。 However, locking bar 18 and coupling ridges 20 between the free space is left a small gap, so that the external vertical load contacts can not be excluded, due to the limited elastic material. 通过自由空间还可以补偿加工误差。 Through free space may also compensate for machining error.

[0047] 所述联锁段13在图Ic所示的联锁位置从左面的槽14延伸出来并因此跨接在左侧和右侧的槽14,6的相邻上槽颚板之间缝隙。 [0047] The locking section 13 and thus the gap between the left and right across the grooves of the adjacent groove flank 14,6 interlocking position shown extending groove 14 from the left in FIG. Ic .

[0048] 为了清晰起见,对于在下面描述的图加至恥中的嵌板1、2采用图Ia至Ic的附图标记,但是这不排除,所述嵌板1、2在具体的实施例中由于匹配于不同的榫在其结构上可以略微相互不同。 [0048] For clarity, in the following description for FIG shame added to the panels 1 using FIGS Ia to Ic reference numerals, but this does not exclude, in particular a panel of Examples 1 and 2 due to different matching tongue in its structure may be slightly different from each other.

[0049] 此外下面只局部地示出嵌板1、2。 [0049] Further shown only partially below the panels 1,2. 但是它们都具有在图Ia至Ic中所述的联锁条以及联接通道和联接隆起。 But they all have in FIGS Ia to Ic in the locking bar and the coupling ridges and coupling channel.

[0050] 图加示出设置在第二嵌板2中的榫9a的另一实施例。 [0050] FIG disposed added shows a further embodiment of the tongue 9a 2 in the second panel. 该榫9a通过固定段27固定在第二嵌板2的槽6中。 The tongue groove 9a is fixed to the second panel 6 by the fixing section 2 is 27. 连接在固定段27上的连接段观弧形地弯曲。 Connected to the fixed section 27 is connected to the arcuate curved section concept. 在此,弧形连接段观形成凸起16a,它沿嵌板2的底面3方向突出并且在底面3方向上突出于固定榫9a的槽6的下槽颚板8。 Here, the concept of connection segment is formed arcuate projections 16a, which protrudes in the direction of the bottom surface 2 of the panel 3 and fixed to the protruding tongue groove 9a of the lower groove flank 86 in the direction of the bottom surface 3. 连接在连接段观上的联锁段四基本垂直于槽6纵向定向。 View connected to the connection section of the four substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal grooves 6 locking section to orientation. 当然也可以设想榫结构,在其上指向相邻嵌板的连接段端部段形成联锁段。 Of course, it is contemplated that the tongue structures, at its end section forming a connecting section panel locking section adjacent points.

[0051] 在连接两个相邻嵌板1、2时,弧形的连接段观通过第一嵌板1的槽14的下槽颚板17在第二嵌板2的槽6的上槽颚板7的方向上移动。 [0051] When connecting two adjacent panels 1, 2, View arcuate segment connected by a first groove on the groove flank of the lower panel 1 slot in the jaw 14 of the second panel 17 of the groove 62 7 moves in the direction of the plate. 由此使榫9a的弧形连接段观扁平并且使联锁段四横向于槽6的纵向插到第一嵌板1的槽14中。 Whereby arcuate tongue 9a and the connecting flat section Viewpoint locking section transverse to the four longitudinal grooves into the grooves 14 of the first panel 1 6. 榫9a类似地伸展。 Similarly tongue 9a extends. 弧形的连接段观插入到第一嵌板1的槽14的下槽颚板17与第二嵌板2的槽6的上槽颚板8 之间。 8 View of connection between the arcuate section groove inserted into the first panel 1 in the groove 17 of the jaw 14 and the second groove panel 2 of the upper groove flank 6. 由此使榫9a变得更长并且由于其弹性在连接相邻的嵌板1、2时被预紧。 Whereby the tongue 9a becomes longer due to its elasticity and is prestressed when connecting the adjacent panels 1,2. 由此使榫9a预紧并且力锁合地位于对置的嵌板1、2的槽6、14中(图2b)。 Whereby the tongue 9a biasing force locking manner and positioned in the panel 6,14 opposed slots 1, 2 (FIG. 2b).

[0052] 图3a示出由弹性材料制成的榫9b的另一实施例。 [0052] Figure 3a shows another tongue 9b made of an elastic material embodiment. 该榫9b分成三个分段。 9b of the tongue is divided into three sections. 在此分别在固定段30与连接段31之间以及在连接段31与联锁段32之间设有一个凸起33。 In the fixed section 30, respectively, and the connecting section 31 is provided between the connecting section 32 between the locking section 31 with a projection 33. 该凸起33在朝嵌板2的底面3的方向突出于第二嵌板2的槽6的下槽颚板8。 The projection 33 toward the bottom surface 3 of the panel 2 in the direction of projection of the second groove panel 2 in the groove 86 of the jaw. 与两个凸起33对置地、即在面向嵌板2的顶面4的榫9b侧面上设置缺口34。 And two opposite projection 33, the notch 34 that is provided on the tongue 9b facing the top surface 2 side panels 4. 在此该缺口34可以如这里所示具有三角形的横截面。 Here the notch 34 as described herein may have a triangular cross-section shown in FIG. 但是同样可以设想矩形横截面。 But it may also contemplated rectangular cross section.

[0053] 在连接两个相邻的嵌板1、2时第一嵌板1的槽14的下槽颚板17在第二嵌板2的槽6的上槽颚板7方向上顶压凸起33。 [0053] groove of the first panel 1 in a groove 17 of the jaws 14 pressed against the projections 7 in the direction of the second groove panel 2 on the groove flank 6 when connecting two adjacent panels 1 from 33. 由于在这里使用的弹性材料,朝顶面4顶压的凸起33的材料被挤压到相对置的缺口34中并且榫9b横向于槽6的纵向伸展。 Since the elastic material is used herein, top surface 4 toward the pressing protrusion is pressed into the material 33 opposite the notch 34 and the tongue 9b extending transversely to the longitudinal direction of the groove 6. 通过伸展使联锁段32进入到第一嵌板1的槽14中。 By stretching the interlock section 32 into the groove 14 of the first panel 1. 因为第一嵌板1和第二嵌板2的槽6、14的高度H在连接后不再改变,下槽颚板17的压力保留在凸起33上,榫9b保持伸展并且力锁合地位于嵌板1、2的槽6、14中(图北)。 Since the first panel and a second panel height H 2 of the groove 6, 14 is no longer changed after the connection pressure plate 17 to retain the jaw slot in the projection 33, holding the tongue 9b extending force-locking manner and 1,2 6,14 panel located in grooves (North).

[0054] 在另一实施例(图4a)中,榫9c的连接和联锁段35—体地构成。 [0054] In another embodiment (FIG. 4a), the connecting and locking section 9c of the tongue member 35 configured. 在此,一个在槽6纵向上延伸的自由空间36设置在连接和联锁段35中。 Here, a free space extending in the longitudinal grooves 6 provided in the connector 36 and the locking section 35. 当然在可选择的实施例中也可以设想多个自由空间。 Of course, in alternative embodiments may be contemplated that a plurality of free space. 与连接和联锁段35连接的固定段37设置在第二嵌板2的槽6中。 The fixed connector connection section 3537 and the locking section disposed in the tank 2 of the second panel 6.

[0055] 在面向嵌板1、2底面3的榫9c侧面上在自由空间36的区域中设置一个凸起16b, 它朝嵌板1、2底面3的方向上突出于第二嵌板2的槽6的下槽颚板7。 [0055] a projection 16b is provided in the region of the free space 36 on the side facing the tongue 9c the bottom surface of the panels 1, 2 3, which is a direction toward the bottom surface of the panels 1, 2, 3 protrude in the second panel 2 grooves 6 of the lower groove flank 7. 所述凸起16b通过一个比槽6高度H加宽的连接和联锁段35的部位构成。 The protrusion 16b by a widened portion 6 than the height H of the groove and the locking section 35 connected configuration. 所述榫9c由弹性材料制成,由此在连接两个嵌板1、2时使凸起通过第一嵌板1的槽14的下槽颚板17向上朝第二嵌板2的槽6的上槽颚板8的方向顶压。 9c the tongue is made of elastic material, whereby the two panels 1, 2 connected to the lower groove when the jaws projection panel 1 by the first groove 14 of the second panel 17 upwardly toward the groove 62 the direction of the groove 8 of the top jaw pressure. 由于榫9c的弹性,连接和联锁段35的加宽区域的宽度减小为第二嵌板2的槽6或第一嵌板1的槽14的高度H。 Since the width of the widened region of the elastic connecting tongue and the locking section 9c of the second panel 35 is reduced to a height of tank 2, 6 or 14 of the first panel 1 H. 在这里圆形的自由空间36横截面变成椭圆形,这导致联锁和连接段35横向于槽6纵向的伸展。 Here a circular free space 36 into an elliptical cross-section, which results in the interlocking and connecting sections 35 extending transversely to the longitudinal grooves 6. 通过伸展使联锁和连接段35 进入到相邻的第一嵌板1的槽14中并且在那里力锁合地固定(图4b)。 By stretching the interlock section 35 and the connecting groove 14 into the adjacent first panel 1 and is there secured by force fit (FIG. 4b).

[0056] 图fe示出带有联锁机构的榫9d的示例的且示意的视图。 [0056] FIG fe shows an example of an interlocking mechanism 9d of the tongue and a schematic view. 在此榫9d具有固定段38,通过它使榫固定在第二嵌板2的槽6中。 The tongue 9d having a fixed section 38, by which the tongue is secured in the tank 2 of the second panel 6. 固定段38具有一个在初始位置预紧的弹性部件39。 An elastic retaining section 38 having a biasing member 39 in the initial position. 所述固定段38通过连接段40与联锁段41连接。 The fixing section 38 and connecting section 40 via the locking section 41 is connected. 该连接段40具有一个朝嵌板1、2 底面3方向突出于第二嵌板2的槽6的下槽颚板8的凸起42,通过它使连接段同时通过固定段38的预紧的弹性部件39保持在初始位置。 The connecting section 40 has a fixed section 38 while urging the projection toward a bottom surface of the panels 1, 2 in the third direction of the second groove panel 2 6 lower groove flank of the projection 428, through which the connecting segments the elastic member 39 held in the initial position.

[0057] 在两个嵌板1、2连接时,凸起42通过第一嵌板1的槽14的下槽颚板17朝第二嵌板2的顶面4方向移动。 [0057] When two panels 1, 2 are connected, the projections of the second panel 4217 moves toward the direction of the top surface 4 of the first panel 2 through a slot 14 in the jaw grooves. 由此释放连接段41的固定并且使弹性部件39的弹性力F作用于连接段41上,它本身作用于联锁段42上并且使这个联锁段移动到第一嵌板1的槽14中。 Thereby releasing segment 41 is fixedly connected to the elastic member and the elastic force F 39 is connected to the segment 41, which itself acts on the locking section and the locking section 42 moves into the slot 14 of the first panel . 弹性部件39的横向于槽14的纵向方向作用的弹性力F实现联锁段42力锁合地配合在第一嵌板1的槽14中(图5b)。 Transverse elastic members 39 in the longitudinal direction of the acting elastic force F of the groove 14 for interlocking segments 42 fitted in force-locking manner in a first panel (FIG. 5b) is a groove 14.

[0058] 在图6a和6b的实施例中的榫9e示出在图Ia至Ic中所示的榫9的可替代的实施例。 [0058] In the embodiment of Figure 9e tongue 6a and 6b is shown in FIG. Ic is shown to an alternative embodiment of the tongue 9 Ia. 在这里一个突出于第二嵌板2的槽6的下槽颚板8的凸起43通过两件式的连接段的第一段44构成。 Here a projection projecting in the grooves 2 of the second panel lower groove 8 of jaw 6 of the first section 43 formed by a two-part connecting section 44. 第一段44分别通过铰链45,46与联锁段47并且与连接段的第二段48 连接。 44 are respectively connected to the first section 47 and second section 48 is connected to the hinge segments 45 and 46 by the locking section. 该连接段的第二段48通过另一铰链49与榫9e的固定段50连接。 Second section 48 is connected to the fixed section 49 of the tongue 50 of the connecting section 9e through another hinge. 所有铰链45,46, 49设置在榫9e的面向第二嵌板2的底面的侧面上。 All the hinges 45, 46, 49 provided on the side facing the bottom surface of the tongue 9e of the second panel 2. 在此第一段44设置在平行于固定段50的平面E的平面中。 In this first section 44 disposed parallel to the plane E plane of the fixed section 50 of the. 联锁段47以及第二段48相对于固定段50的平面E倾斜。 Locking section 47 and second section 48 is inclined relative to the plane of the fixed section 50 of the E.

[0059] 在两个相邻嵌板1、2连接时,所述凸起碰到对置的第一嵌板1的槽14的下槽颚板17上并且通过第二嵌板2在箭头P方向上继续下降向着嵌板1、2的顶面4移动。 [0059] When two adjacent panels 1, 2 are connected, the first panel opposite the projections encounter the lower groove flank of the groove 14 of the second panel 17 and by the arrow P 2 in 4 continues to fall toward the top surface of the panels 1, 2 moving in the direction. 通过这个移动使第一段44运动到固定段50的平面E中。 By this movement causes movement of the first section 44 to the plane E of the fixed section 50. 在此所述联锁段47移动到相邻第一嵌板1的槽14中。 The locking section 47 is moved in the groove 14 of the adjacent first panel. 如果所述榫9e在连接嵌板1、2之前已经处于预应力下,则附加地使嵌板1、2 通过榫9e的自身应力而相互夹紧。 If the tongue 9e before connecting panels 1 already under prestress, so that the panels 1 and additionally clamped to one another by their tongue 9e of stress.

[0060] 图7a和7b示出一种实施方式,其中如图1所示的榫9已经旋转了180°并且现在设置在左侧的嵌板1中,而不是设置在右侧的嵌板2中。 [0060] Figures 7a and 7b show an embodiment in which the tongue shown in FIG. 9 has been rotated 180 ° and is now provided in the left panel 1, rather than provided on the right side of panel 2 in. 所述固定段10现在位于左侧的槽14中。 The retaining section 10 are in the left side of the groove 14. 所述联锁段13插入到右侧的槽6中。 The locking section 13 is inserted into the groove 6 on the right. 所述凸起16向上指向并且不再向下指向。 The projection 16 is no longer directed upwards and directed downwards.

[0061] 关于其他的功能,参考图Ia至Ic的说明,因为在图7中仅仅榫的定向和配合不同。 [0061] For other functions, with reference to FIGS Ia to Ic is described as in FIG. 7 only the tongue and with different orientation.

[0062] 图7的示例也代表所有其它示出的实施例在榫装配位置方面的变型的可能性。 Example [0062] FIG. 7 also represents the possibility of all the other embodiment variant illustrated in terms of the tongue mounting position. 在所有的变型中也能够使榫旋转180°并且装配在另一嵌板的对应的槽中。 In all variants that the tongue can be rotated by 180 ° and fitted in a corresponding groove of the other panel.

[0063] 图8的实施方式是图2b实施方式的变型。 Embodiment [0063] FIG. 8 is a variant embodiment of the embodiment in FIG. 2b. 所述榫在这个变型中可以转移到所示的亚稳定状态。 In this variant the tongue may be transferred to a metastable state shown. 稳定的状态基本对应于图加的视图,差别是,弯曲的连接段构造成凸起。 Steady state substantially corresponds to the view of FIG addition, the difference is, the curved connecting section configured projections. 这个凸起通过翻转点这样多地向后顶压,使连接段观朝另一方向突出。 The projection point so much by flipping back pressed against the concept of connection segment projecting in the other direction. 为此,在上槽颚板7中设有相应的缺口51并且在下槽颚板17上设有向上突出的按压部52。 For this purpose, it provided with corresponding notches 51 in the upper jaw 7 and the groove is provided with upwardly projecting portion 52 of the pressing groove 17 of the lower jaw.

[0064] 所述榫的几何形状在所有的实施例中矩形地示出和描述。 [0064] The tongue rectangular geometry shown and described in all embodiments. 但是本发明不排除,设定其它几何形状的榫,由此所示和所述的榫代表其它的几何形状。 However, the present invention does not exclude, other tongue set geometry, and thereby the tongue shown on behalf of other geometries.

[0065] 附图标记列表 [0065] List of reference numerals

[0066] 1 嵌板[0067] 2 嵌板 [0066] The panel 1 [0067] The second panel

[0068] 3 底面 [0068] The bottom surface 3

[0069] 4 顶面 [0069] of the top surface

[0070] 5 侧面 [0070] 5 side

[0071] 6 槽 [0071] The grooves 6

[0072] 7上槽颚板 [0072] The upper groove flank 7

[0073] 8下槽颚板 [0073] lower groove flank 8

[0074] 9 榫 [0074] The tongue 9

[0075] 9a 榫 [0075] 9a tongue

[0076] 9b 榫 [0076] 9b tongue

[0077] 9c 榫 [0077] 9c tenon

[0078] 9d 榫 [0078] 9d tenon

[0079] 9e 榫 [0079] 9e tenon

[0080] 10固定段 [0080] The fixing section 10

[0081] 11连接段 [0081] The connecting section 11

[0082] 12 铰链 [0082] 12 hinge

[0083] 13联锁段 [0083] The locking section 13

[0084] 14 槽 [0084] 14 groove

[0085] 15 铰链 [0085] 15 hinge

[0086] 16 凸起 [0086] 16 projection

[0087] 16a 凸起 [0087] 16a projections

[0088] 16b 凸起 [0088] 16b protrusions

[0089] 17下槽颚板 [0089] lower groove flank 17

[0090] 18联锁条 [0090] The locking strip 18

[0091] 19联接通道 [0091] Channel 19 is coupled

[0092] 20联接隆起 [0092] The ridge 20 is coupled

[0093] 21 侧面 [0093] 21 side

[0094] 22联接通道 [0094] Channel 22 is coupled

[0095] 23联接隆起 [0095] The ridge 23 is coupled

[0096] 24接触区域 [0096] 24 contact region

[0097] 25支承条 [0097] The support strip 25

[0098] 26槽颚板 [0098] 26 groove flank

[0099] 27固定段 [0099] 27 retaining section

[0100] 沘连接段 [0100] Bi connecting section

[0101] 四联锁段 [0101] four locking section

[0102] 30固定段 [0102] 30 retaining section

[0103] 31连接段 [0103] 31 connecting section

[0104] 32联锁段 [0104] 32 locking section

[0105] 33 凸起[0106] 34 缺口 [0105] 33 projections [0106] 34 notch

[0107] 35联锁和连接段 [0107] 35 interlocking and connecting segments

[0108] 36自由空间 [0108] 36 free space

[0109] 37固定段 [0109] 37 retaining section

[0110] 38固定段 [0110] 38 retaining section

[0111] 39榫部件 [0111] tongue member 39

[0112] 40连接段 [0112] 40 connecting segments

[0113] 41联锁段 [0113] 41 locking section

[0114] 42 凸起 [0114] 42 projection

[0115] 43 凸起 [0115] 43 projection

[0116] 44 第一段 [0116] 44 first section

[0117] 45 铰链 [0117] 45 hinge

[0118] 46 铰链 [0118] 46 hinge

[0119] 47联锁段 [0119] 47 locking section

[0120] 48 第二段 [0120] 48 second section

[0121] 49 铰链 [0121] 49 hinge

[0122] 50固定段 [0122] 50 retaining section

[0123] 51 缺口 [0123] 51 cutout

[0124] 52按压部 [0124] the pressing portion 52

[0125] E 平面 [0125] E plane

[0126] V铺设平面 [0126] V laying plane

[0127] P 箭头 [0127] P arrow

[0128] H 高度 [0128] H Height

[0129] F弹性力 [0129] F elastic force

Claims (18)

1.由能机械地相互连接的嵌板组成的覆层,具有下面的特征:a)相邻的第一嵌板和第二嵌板(1、幻在其相互互补的侧面(5、21)上分别具有一个槽(6、14),b)各槽(6、14)分别具有不同长度的上槽颚板和下槽颚板(7、8 ;17,26),c)在其中一个槽(6、14)中设置一个相对于嵌板(1、幻至少部分能相对移动的榫(9、 9a、9b、9c、9d),所述榫适合于在连接相邻的嵌板(1、2)时嵌入到相邻的嵌板(1、2)的对应的槽(6、14)中,d)所述榫(9、9a、9b、9c、9d)具有至少一个凸起(16、33、42、43),所述至少一个凸起朝另一槽(6、14)的较长槽颚板(7、17)的突出于较短的槽颚板(8、26)的区域方向指向,e)所述凸起(16、33、42、43)设定用于,在与槽颚板(7、17)的所述区域接触时横向于嵌板(1、2)的铺设平面0移动,其中凸起(16、33、42、43)与榫(9、9a、9b、9c、9d)的联锁段(13、29、32、35 1. The cladding layers formed of interconnected panels mechanically composition, having the following features: a) adjacent to the first panel and a second panel (1, phantom side thereof complementary to each other (5, 21) on each having a groove (6,14), b) the grooves (6,14) each having a different length and the lower groove flank groove jaws (7,8; 17,26), c) in one of the slots (6,14) is provided with respect to a panel (1, phantom at least partially relatively movable tongue (9, 9a, 9b, 9c, 9d), said tongue adapted to connect adjacent panels (1, when the insert 2) to the adjacent panels (1, 2) corresponding to the grooves (6, 14) and, d) the tongue (9,9a, 9b, 9c, 9d) having at least one projection (16, 33,42,43), said at least one long groove flank (7, 17) convex toward the other groove (6, 14) projecting in the direction of the shorter region of the groove flank (8, 26) of the point, e) the projections (16,33,42,43) for setting, in the region of the groove flanks (7, 17) transversely to the panels (1, 2) contact laying plane 0 movement, wherein the projections (16,33,42,43) and the tenon (9,9a, 9b, 9c, 9d) of the locking section (13,29,32,35 41、47)处于作用关联,所述联锁段由于凸起(16、33、42、43)的运动能朝相邻的嵌板(1、2)的槽(6、14)方向移动。 41, 47) is associated with the role, since the movement of the locking section (6,14) direction protrusions (16,33,42,43) capable of moving towards the adjacent panels (1, 2) slots.
2.如权利要求1所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述凸起(16、33、42、43)构造在相对于榫(9,9a)的联锁段(13、29)和固定段(10、27)能移动的连接段(11、28)上。 2. The coating according to claim 1, wherein said projections (16,33,42,43) constructed (13, 29) and a fixed tongue locking section (9, 9a) with respect to the section (10, 27) movable connecting section (11, 28).
3.如权利要求1或2所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述联锁段(13、29)在联锁位置上跨接在容纳所述联锁段的槽(6、14)的短的槽颚板(6、26)与另一槽(6、14)的邻接的较长的槽颚板(7,17)之间的缝隙。 3. The coating of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said locking section (13, 29) connected across said receiving groove locking section in the locking position (6, 14) of the a gap between adjacent short groove flank (6, 26) and the other groove (6, 14) of the long groove flank (7, 17).
4.如权利要求2或3所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述连接段(11、28)与联锁段(13、四) 和/或固定段(10、27)铰接地连接。 4. The coating of claim 2 or claim 3, characterized in that the (13, iv) / or retaining section of the connecting section (11, 28) and the locking section (10, 27) hingedly connected.
5.如权利要求4所述的覆层,其特征在于,在连接段(11)与联锁段(13、47)之间和/ 或在连接段(11)与固定段(10,50)之间的铰链(12、15、45、46、49)具有平行于槽(6,14) 延伸的转动轴线。 5. The coating according to claim 4, characterized in that, between the connecting section (11) and the locking section (13,47) and / or (11) is connected with the fixed section or sections (10, 50) hinge between (12,15,45,46,49) having parallel grooves (6, 14) extending in the axis of rotation.
6.如权利要求4或5所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述铰链(12、15、45、45、49)是薄膜铰链。 6. The coating of claim 4 or claim 5, wherein said hinge (12,15,45,45,49) is a film hinge.
7.如权利要求4至6中任一项所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述铰链(12、15)设置在固定段(10)、连接段(11)和联锁段(1¾的相互面向的各棱边之间。 7. A coating as claimed in any of claims 4-6, characterized in that the hinge (12, 15) arranged in a fixed section (10), the connecting section (11) and a locking section (1¾ of between the mutually facing side edges.
8.如权利要求4至7中任一项所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述铰链(12、15、45、46、49) 由与榫(9、9e)的其余部分相同的材料制成。 The cladding material according to any one of 4 to 7 claim, wherein said hinge (12,15,45,46,49) from the rest of the same tenon (9,9e) of production.
9.如权利要求4至7中任一项所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述铰链(12、15、45、46、49) 由与榫(9、9e)的其余部分不同的材料制成。 9. The coating layer 4 to 7 of any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the hinge (12,15,45,46,49) from the rest of the tongue (9,9e) of a different material production.
10.如权利要求9所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述铰链由热熔体制成。 10. The coating according to claim 9, characterized in that the hinge is made of a hot-melt system.
11.如权利要求1至9中任一项所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述榫(9、9a、9b、9C、9d、9e) 由弹性材料制成。 1 11. The coating according to claim 9, characterized in that the tongue (9,9a, 9b, 9C, 9d, 9e) is made of an elastic material.
12.如权利要求1至11中任一项所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述联锁段(13、四、32、35、 41,47)由弹性比榫(9、9a、9b、9C、9d、9e)的其余部分小的材料制成。 1 to 12. The coating of any one of claims 11, wherein said locking section (13, IV 32, 35, 41, 47) by a ratio of an elastic tongue (9,9a, 9b made 9C, 9d, 9e) of the remaining small portion of the material.
13.如权利要求1至12中任一项所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述榫(9、9a、9b、9c、9d、 9e)具有多个在槽(6、14)纵向上相互间隔开设置的、能相互独立操作的联锁段(13、四、32、 35、41、47)。 13. 1 to 12 according to a coating as claimed in claim, characterized in that the tongue (9,9a, 9b, 9c, 9d, 9e) having a plurality of grooves (6,14) in the longitudinal direction disposed spaced apart from each other, the locking section (13, IV 32, 35,41,47) can be operated independently of each other.
14.如权利要求12所述的覆层,其特征在于,多个榫(9、9a、9b、9C、9d、9e)的固定段(10、27、30、37、38、50)在槽(6,14)的区域内连接。 14. The coating of claim 12, wherein the plurality of tongue (9,9a, 9b, 9C, 9d, 9e) of the fastening section (10,27,30,37,38,50) in the slot the connection region (6, 14) is.
15.如权利要求1至14中任一项所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述榫(9、9a、9b、9c、9d、 9e)的联锁段(13、29、32、35、41、47)在其面向嵌板(1,2)顶面的侧面上和/或在其面向嵌板(1、幻底面的侧面上具有成型轮廓。 1 to 15. The coating 14 in any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the tongue (9,9a, 9b, 9c, 9d, 9e) of the locking section (13,29,32,35 , 41, 47) on its facing panels (1, 2) on the side of the top surface and / or with a shaped profile facing panel (1, on its side of the bottom surface of the magic.
16.如权利要求1至15中任一项所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述槽(6、14)为了容纳榫(9、9a、9b、9c、9d、9e)的联锁段(13、29、32、35、41、47)在其上槽颚板和/或下槽颚板(7、8 ; 17,26)上具有成型轮廓。 1 to 15 according to a coating as claimed in claim, characterized in that, in order to accommodate the tongue (9,9a, 9b, 9c, 9d, 9e) of the locking section of the grooves (6,14) (13,29,32,35,41,47) on which the groove flank and / or the lower groove flank; having a profiled contour (7, 8 17, 26).
17.如权利要求16所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述联锁段(13、四、32、35、41、47)的成型轮廓嵌入到槽(6、14)的成型轮廓中。 17. The coating according to claim 16, wherein said locking section (13, IV 32,35,41,47) fitted into the profile contour shaped profile of the groove (6, 14) in the.
18.如权利要求1至17中任一项所述的覆层,其特征在于,所述榫的各部分可以占据两个状态,其中一个状态是稳定的状态,另一状态是稳定的或亚稳定的状态。 1 to 18. The coating of any one of claims 17, characterized in that each portion of the tongue may occupy two states, where a state is a steady state, another state is stable or alkylene stable state.
CN201080028698.8A 2009-07-27 2010-07-10 Covering comprising panels that can be connected to each other mechanically CN102482886B (en)

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BR112012001893B1 (en) 2019-08-27
BR112012001893A2 (en) 2016-03-15
DE102009034902A1 (en) 2011-02-17
CN102482886B (en) 2014-07-30
WO2011012104A3 (en) 2011-04-21
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EP2459818B1 (en) 2018-06-20
US20120124932A1 (en) 2012-05-24

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