US20120017536A1 - Telecommunication Tower Segment - Google Patents

Telecommunication Tower Segment Download PDF

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Publication number
US20120017536A1
US20120017536A1 US13/257,324 US200913257324A US2012017536A1 US 20120017536 A1 US20120017536 A1 US 20120017536A1 US 200913257324 A US200913257324 A US 200913257324A US 2012017536 A1 US2012017536 A1 US 2012017536A1
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United States
Prior art keywords
telecommunications tower
telecommunications
segment
tower
segments
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Abandoned
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US13/257,324
Inventor
Peter Häger
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Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB
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Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB
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Priority to US16150609P priority Critical
Application filed by Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB filed Critical Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson AB
Priority to US13/257,324 priority patent/US20120017536A1/en
Priority to PCT/SE2009/051391 priority patent/WO2010107359A1/en
Assigned to TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON (PUBL) reassignment TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON (PUBL) ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: HAGER, PETER
Publication of US20120017536A1 publication Critical patent/US20120017536A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/0064Moulds characterised by special surfaces for producing a desired surface of a moulded article, e.g. profiled or polished moulding surfaces
    • B28B7/0082Moulds characterised by special surfaces for producing a desired surface of a moulded article, e.g. profiled or polished moulding surfaces with surfaces for moulding parallel grooves or ribs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/0064Moulds characterised by special surfaces for producing a desired surface of a moulded article, e.g. profiled or polished moulding surfaces
    • B28B7/0079Moulds characterised by special surfaces for producing a desired surface of a moulded article, e.g. profiled or polished moulding surfaces with surfaces for moulding interlocking means, e.g. grooves and ribs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/16Moulds for making shaped articles with cavities or holes open to the surface, e.g. with blind holes
    • B28B7/18Moulds for making shaped articles with cavities or holes open to the surface, e.g. with blind holes the holes passing completely through the article
    • B28B7/186Moulds for making shaped articles with cavities or holes open to the surface, e.g. with blind holes the holes passing completely through the article for plates, panels or similar sheet- or disc-shaped objects, also flat oblong moulded articles with lateral openings, e.g. panels with openings for doors or windows, grated girders
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H12/00Towers; Masts or poles; Chimney stacks; Water-towers; Methods of erecting such structures
    • E04H12/02Structures made of specified materials
    • E04H12/12Structures made of specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material, with or without internal or external reinforcements, e.g. with metal coverings, with permanent form elements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/1242Rigid masts specially adapted for supporting an aerial

Abstract

A telecommunications tower segment for the construction of a section of a telecommunications tower is disclosed. A plurality of such segments is adapted to form a tubular section of the telecommunications tower. Each telecommunications tower segment has a convex first surface. Additionally, each telecommunications tower segment has a second surface opposite to the first surface, wherein the second surface is flat or partly flat.

Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD
  • The present invention relates to towers, and in particular to telecommunications towers for use in telecommunications networks. More specifically, it relates to a telecommunications tower segment, a telecommunications tower section, a telecommunications tower, a method of manufacturing a telecommunications tower segment and a method of building a telecommunications tower.
  • BACKGROUND
  • Prevailing technology for telecom towers/masts, whether self supported or guyed, are lattice steel constructions. These masts are often galvanized using hot dip galvanization, where the steel structure is coated with a layer of zinc. Steel towers are usually manufactured for a design life between 30-50 years. Coated structures are sensible to mechanical wear, and lattice steel towers are no exception. Towers get surface damages during transportation and installation, and such damages need to be mended when the tower is installed. Since hot dip is not an option when the tower is installed, painting or spraying with cold galvanization is a method used. Damages to a protective zinc layer can not be avoided during transportation and installation, and corrosion will start at damaged areas. Corrosion is what sets design life for all steel structures, and regardless of zinc coat, certain maintenance is required to stop corrosion during a construction life time.
  • WO-2008136717-A1 discloses an antenna tower elongated structure which comprises base, intermediate, and terminating segments (S1-S4). The segments are made of reinforced concrete, and interconnected in a longitudinal direction by elongated fastening members that together form a longitudinal interconnection structure that interconnects the base segment to the terminating segment without gaps in the longitudinal direction. Each segment comprises fastening member guides formed in the wall of the segment and arranged to preserve the fastening members at predetermined configuration with respect to the segment. See FIG. 1, FIG. 2 and FIG. 3.
  • WO-2007108766-A1 and WO-2007108765-A1 disclose hollow conical antenna tower structures comprising a vertical elongated tower body with an internal installation shaft. The tower is arranged to house a radio base station and the tower body comprises greater than or equal to two modular segments provided with mating interconnection mechanism comprising mating guide structures.
  • WO-2007108731-A1 discloses an antenna tower structure that comprises radio base stations; tubular tower sections having hollowed cross section; arrangement for moving a whole antenna radio base station along an elongation of the antenna tower structure, the antenna radio base station being disposed inside the tubular tower; and entrance into the antenna tower structure giving access for service of the antenna radio base station.
  • SUMMARY
  • It has been realized by the inventor that in earlier versions of tower structures, the quarters used in the ground sections may cause some manufacturing problems. First of all, the quarters may be too big to transport on common roads. This is so because, these quarters are not stackable and require special permit transports to be moved. Furthermore, due to the shape of the quarters used in earlier versions, they had to be cast in a double sided mold. Again, casting in a double sided mold may be time consuming and, hence, expensive. The shape of the existing quarters combined with requirements for up to 90 MPa compression strength of the concrete, generally makes it very difficult to produce large scale ground sections in a fast and inexpensive way. Even if manufacturing was possible the ingredients and the dimensions used in earlier versions (cement ratio, super plasticizers etc) make it an expensive construction.
  • It is an object to obviate one or more of the disadvantages or deficiencies mentioned above, singly or in combination, and to provide an improved telecommunications tower segment.
  • According to a first aspect of the invention, a telecommunications tower segment for the construction of a section of a telecommunications tower is provided. The telecommunications tower may have solid walls. The telecommunications tower segment is attachable to other telecommunication tower segments such that a plurality of such telecommunications tower segments can form a tubular section of a telecommunications tower. Furthermore, the telecommunications tower segment has a convex first surface. The telecommunications tower segment further has a second surface opposite to the first surface, wherein the second surface is flat or partly flat.
  • The telecommunications tower segment may have a first end and a second end, wherein the first surface and the second surface stretch from the first end to the second end, and wherein the telecommunications tower segment has a gradually increasing circumference as seen from the first end to the second end.
  • Several telecommunications tower segments may be arranged to form a section, and may so describe a common frusto-conical outer surface.
  • The second surface may comprise one or more open recesses.
  • The telecommunications tower segment may comprise one or more tubes, or tube-like cavities, running from the first end to the second end.
  • The telecommunications tower segment may have at least one side fitted with a groove suitable for connecting the telecommunications tower segment to another telecommunications tower segment for enabling the construction of the section of the telecommunications tower.
  • The telecommunications tower segment may be suited to be connected to other telecommunications tower segments by injection.
  • The telecommunications tower segment may be approximately 9 meters long, and 2 meters wide at its widest end. Alternatively, the telecommunications tower segment may be approximately 5 meters long, and 2 meters wide at its widest end.
  • The telecommunications tower segment may preferably, but not necessarily, be made from reinforced concrete.
  • A telecommunications tower section may comprise a plurality of telecommunications tower segments.
  • A cross-section of the telecommunications tower section may form an outer circle.
  • The telecommunications tower section may contain eight telecommunications tower segments as described hereinabove.
  • The telecommunications tower section may be adapted to form a base section, or ground section, of a telecommunications tower.
  • According to a second aspect of the invention, a telecommunications tower comprises a plurality of telecommunications tower segments that are adapted to form a telecommunications tower section of said telecommunications tower. Each telecommunications tower segment has a convex first surface and each of said telecommunications tower segments also have a second surface opposite to the first surface. The second surface is flat or partly flat. The shape of the second surface may be a result of the segment having been cast in an open mold.
  • According to a third aspect of the invention, a method of manufacturing a telecommunications tower segment is given for the construction of a telecommunications tower section of a telecommunications tower. The telecommunications tower segment is cast in an open mold.
  • According to a fourth aspect of the invention, a method of building a telecommunications tower is given. The method comprises the steps of assembling a plurality of telecommunications tower segments to form a telecommunications tower section; and using the telecommunications tower section as a section of the telecommunications tower.
  • According to some embodiments, the telecommunications tower is hollow, or tubular.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 shows a cast antenna tower structure.
  • FIG. 2 shows an antenna tower.
  • FIG. 3 shows a sectioning tower base.
  • FIG. 4 shows a cross-section view of a tower section embodiment.
  • FIGS. 5-7 show embodiments of segment casting from different angles.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • In order to obviate one or more of the disadvantages of previous solutions described inter alia hereinabove, a telecommunications tower segment is provided. Such a telecommunications tower segment could preferably be manufactured using a single sided mold and as an example using concrete having 40 MPa compression strength. Such a solution is described/illustrated in FIG. 4 to FIG. 7. The solution is achieved for example by dividing a full circle into eight segments having an inner cross section shape of an octagonal, that is by maintaining the inside surface flat. The outer surface is preferably kept in the shape as described in FIG. 4 to FIG. 7, that is a circular cross section of the total base section when mounted together. Elements can of course be made in more parts but since 8 grounding piles are used to fasten the ground section to the ground symmetry can be achieved giving a more solid construction, 8 is therefore a advantageous choice. 6, 7, 9 and 10 elements are also possible, but size wise and construction requirements put restrictions on higher number of parts while transport restrictions put restrictions to the lower number of segments. Thus, an object of some embodiments of the invention has been to facilitate the manufacturing process of telecom towers. It would also be desirable to reduce manufacturing costs. Additionally, or alternatively, it would be advantageous to provide a solution wherein the outer shape of the tower is not affected. The invention is not limited to the any diameter size of cross section or to any thickness of elements but the numbers given in the figures are only to given to better understand the invention.
  • Examples of antenna tower structures are those of height of 40 m is used in the examples, though the tower is not by any means limited to the sizes and shapes described in the figures. Other relevant antenna tower structure heights are all from 15 to 55 meters. Minimum base section width size may be 5 meters, but any diameter sizes between 5-10 meters are possible. Other inner cross section shapes are possible as mentioned above, for example hexagonal when choosing 6 elements. Combination of different inner cross section shapes with different outer cross section shapes is also possible. Outer surface sections are formed upon request and can be made to represent a signature as of an operator or to better fit into a landscape view. The inner cross section shape is formed to simplify the manufacturing of elements and to cut down costs. From a business perspective an important aspect of some embodiments of the present invention is to introduce a customer specific antenna tower shape(s), working as a “signature” for an operator. As an alternative aspect, the antenna tower structure may form part of a support for an advertising board. The ground section is further mounted on a foundation or directly attached to the ground preferably by piles or injection piles/poles. Each element may be directly attached to a foundation part or to ground for example by aid of a pole.
  • Worth to point out also is that if the ground section is divided into having an outer circular shaped surface and inner octagonal shaped surface with 8 identical elements parts with a flat inner surface the field in the middle at a cross section would be thick. In order to reduce costs and weight the elements are molded into a partly hollowed form according to FIG. 5-FIG. 7.
  • This is done having taken consideration to the construction requirements and demands. This also makes it possible to run a post tension strand in the middle, fully visible from the inside of the tower, of the element and hence not having eccentrically forces. The elements are attached to each other by aid of an attachment part (see FIG. 5). This is achieved by forming at least one side of each element as hollowed out and which can be filled in later on with attaching material, such as more concrete. Both sides of each element are preferably hollowed out. Other attaching methods can be used such as bolting, screwing, gluing etc. Additionally, metal wires or strands can be used around the outer surface to give more stability to the ground section.
  • FIG. 1 depicts an elongated cast antenna tower structure according to the prior art. The structure is laid out in segments, S1-S4, wherein S1 is the base segment. The segments are interconnected in the longitudinal direction by a plurality of elongated fastening members (20) that together form a longitudinal interconnection structure (30) that interconnect the base segment to the terminating segment without gaps in the longitudinal direction, and wherein each segment comprises fastening member guides (50) formed in the wall of the segment and arranged to preserve the fastening members at predetermined configuration with respect to said segment.
  • FIG. 2 depicts a telecommunications tower (200) comprising telecommunications tower sections (100). A telecommunications tower section (100) may comprise telecommunications tower segments (300). The figure provides exemplary measurements of the parts.
  • FIG. 3 depicts a base section (6) of a telecommunications tower (200). According to the figure, the base section (6) may be around 5000 mm in diameter and has a preferred shape of a circle, when viewed from above. 8-12 piles can be used to attach the base section (6) to ground. Alternatively, the base section (6) is directly cast or mould into ground, by aid of a foundation part. The size and shape is not by any way limited to 5000 mm and circle shaped. Other examples of shapes are oval, square, rotating, triangular, rectangular, hexagonal, octagonal etc. The base section (6) includes one or more entrances (8), giving access to an inside part of the antenna tower structure 200. One or more controllable ventilation openings (5) at the base section part (6) permits controllable air intake for air circulation causing a cooling mechanism inside the telecommunications tower (200). The base section 6 (bottom section), which may be hollow, is large enough to fit most equipment configurations in an indoor environment. The base section 6 is typically insulated, and that insulation is attached in mould and fitted while the sections are being cast. Electrical conduits are placed in the mould as well as other details. A benefit of having a hollow construction is avoidance of a separate shelter. Requirement for site fence is also avoided due to tower base natural scale protection and anti climbing geometry. As an alternative, the base section (6) is built in separate parts which are to be put together on place.
  • FIG. 4 depicts a telecommunications tower section (100) comprising telecommunications tower segments (300). Each segment has a flat or partly flat surface (320), as well as convex surface (310) opposite of the flat surface. According to some embodiments, the section (100) has a varying circumference, such as being smaller in one end. This shape could resemble a cone, as illustrated by the dashed circles in FIG. 4.
  • FIG. 5 depicts a telecommunications tower segment (300), as seen from two different angles, in two different scales. The figure further shows a mould (350) suitable for casting the segment. The top drawing is a side view of the mould, shown with an exemplary length measurement. The length is measured from the first end (510) to the second end (520). The segment may be cast using vibrators to vibrate the mould, in order to achieve a more homogeneous cast.
  • The bottom drawing of FIG. 5 is a side view of the segment and the mould, as seen from the second end (520). As an exemplary measurement, the second end (520) may measure 2 meters, at its widest direction. In some embodiments, there is a groove (330), at the side or sides of the segment. A groove can be constructed by fitting the mould with an attachment part (500) at either or both sides. It is advantageous to have a groove at both said sides, in order to facilitate assembly of a section. A groove is useful for connecting a segment to another segment or another structure. Connecting segments can be done by means of injection, e.g. using concrete or another material with some adhesive properties. Alternatively or additionally, a segment may be fitted with grooves for connecting the section of the segment to an adjacent section.
  • FIG. 6 also depicts a telecommunications tower segment and a casting mould, as seen from two different angles, in two different scales. According to embodiments illustrated in this figure, there is an attachment part (500) fitted to one or both sides of the mould. The attachment parts are fitted using a joint (340), which permits the operation of the attachment parts so as to create a groove while casting, and subsequently remove the attachment parts for easy removal of the segment once finalized by turning the attachment parts around the joint. Also illustrated in FIG. 6 is the insertion of one or more tubes (600) running from the first end (510, dashed in the figure) to the second end (520). The usage of tubes allows for running fastening members, in order to connect a segment to another. An alternative use of the tubes may be for running cables.
  • FIG. 7 also depicts a telecommunications tower segment (300) and a casting mould (350), as seen from two different angles, in two different scales. By inserting one or more recesses (700) to the flat or partly flat surface (320), material can be saved during the cast without significant drawbacks. A recess can be created by milling or otherwise removing material from the segment. Alternatively, a recess may be created during construction of the segment by means of inserting one or more foreign bodies into a cast, so as to prevent casting material from entering the areas where a recess is wanted.
  • As used herein, the term solid is taken to mean a molded structure, as opposed to a lattice structure. Furthermore the terms section and segment are in the art used interchangeably. When describing the present invention, a section may comprise a plurality of segments, as follows from the attached claims.
  • The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the singular forms “a”, “an” and “the” are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It will be further understood that the terms “comprises” “comprising,” “includes” and/or “including” when used herein, specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof.
  • Unless otherwise defined, all terms (including technical and scientific terms) used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. It will be further understood that terms used herein should be interpreted as having a meaning that is consistent with their meaning in the context of this specification and the relevant art and will not be interpreted in an idealized or overly formal sense unless expressly so defined herein. The present invention has been described above with reference to specific embodiments. However, other embodiments than those described are possible within the scope of the invention. The different features and method steps of the invention can be combined in other combinations than those described. The invention is only limited by the appended patent claims.

Claims (17)

1-16. (canceled)
17. A telecommunications tower segment for the construction of a section of a telecommunications tower with solid walls, wherein the telecommunications tower segment is attachable to other telecommunication tower segments such that a plurality of such telecommunications tower segments to interconnect to form a tubular section of the telecommunications tower, and wherein the telecommunications tower segment comprises:
a convex first surface; and
a second surface opposite to the first surface, wherein the second surface is flat or partly flat.
18. The telecommunications tower segment of claim 17, further comprising a first end and a second end, wherein the first surface and the second surface stretch from the first end to the second end, and wherein the telecommunications tower segment comprises a gradually increasing circumference as seen from the first end to the second end.
19. The telecommunications tower segment of claim 18, wherein the telecommunications tower segment is configured to attach to at least one other telecommunications tower segment of the same or similar kind as the telecommunications tower segment such that several such telecommunications tower segments are configured to form by their interconnection the tubular section of the telecommunications tower, said tubular section having a frusto-conical outer surface.
20. The telecommunications tower segment of claim 18, further comprising one or more tubes running from the first end to the second end.
21. The telecommunications tower segment of claim 17, wherein the second surface includes one or more open recesses.
22. The telecommunications tower segment of claim 17, further comprising at least one side fitted with a groove suitable for connecting the telecommunications tower segment to another telecommunications tower segment for enabling the construction of the tubular section of the telecommunications tower.
23. The telecommunications tower segment of claim 22, wherein the telecommunications tower segment is configured to be connected to other telecommunications tower segments via injection of a material having adhesive properties.
24. The telecommunications tower segment of claim 17, wherein the telecommunications tower segment is approximately 9 meters long, and 2 meters wide at its widest end.
25. The telecommunications tower segment of claim 17, wherein the telecommunications tower segment is made from reinforced concrete.
26. A telecommunications tower section comprising:
a plurality of inter-connectable telecommunications tower segments, each telecommunications tower segment comprising:
a convex first surface; and
a second surface opposite to the first surface, wherein the second surface is flat or partly flat.
27. The telecommunications tower section according to claim 26, wherein a cross-section of the telecommunications tower section forms an outer circle.
28. The telecommunications tower section according to claim 26, wherein the telecommunications tower section comprises eight telecommunications tower segments.
29. The telecommunications tower section according to claim 26, wherein the telecommunications tower section is configured to form a base section of a telecommunications tower.
30. A telecommunications tower with solid walls comprising:
a plurality of telecommunications tower segments configured to form a telecommunications tower section of said telecommunications tower, wherein each telecommunications tower segment comprises:
a convex first surface; and
a second surface opposite to the first surface, wherein the second surface is flat or partly flat.
31. A method of manufacturing a telecommunications tower segment for the construction of a telecommunications tower section of a telecommunications tower with solid walls, that the method comprising:
casting the telecommunications tower segment in an open mold,
wherein each telecommunication tower segment comprises a convex first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface, and wherein the second surface is flat or partly flat.
32. A method of building a telecommunications tower with solid walls, the method comprising:
casting each of a plurality of telecommunication tower segments in an open mold such that each telecommunication tower segment comprises a convex first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface, wherein the second surface is flat or partly flat;
assembling the plurality of telecommunications tower segments to form a telecommunications tower section; and
using the telecommunications tower section as a section of the telecommunications tower.
US13/257,324 2009-03-19 2009-12-08 Telecommunication Tower Segment Abandoned US20120017536A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

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US16150609P true 2009-03-19 2009-03-19
US13/257,324 US20120017536A1 (en) 2009-03-19 2009-12-08 Telecommunication Tower Segment
PCT/SE2009/051391 WO2010107359A1 (en) 2009-03-19 2009-12-08 A telecommunication tower segment

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US13/257,324 US20120017536A1 (en) 2009-03-19 2009-12-08 Telecommunication Tower Segment

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US20120017536A1 true US20120017536A1 (en) 2012-01-26

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US (1) US20120017536A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2408982A4 (en)
JP (1) JP2012520955A (en)
KR (1) KR20110128336A (en)
CN (1) CN102356206B (en)
CL (1) CL2011002310A1 (en)
EG (1) EG26278A (en)
RU (1) RU2011142175A (en)
TR (1) TR201109095T1 (en)
WO (1) WO2010107359A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA201106361B (en)

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RU2011142175A (en) 2013-04-27
EP2408982A4 (en) 2012-09-12
EG26278A (en) 2013-06-11
CN102356206A (en) 2012-02-15
EP2408982A1 (en) 2012-01-25
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JP2012520955A (en) 2012-09-10
CN102356206B (en) 2014-07-30

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