US20080282142A1 - Rendering a User Interface - Google Patents

Rendering a User Interface Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20080282142A1
US20080282142A1 US10/598,163 US59816305A US2008282142A1 US 20080282142 A1 US20080282142 A1 US 20080282142A1 US 59816305 A US59816305 A US 59816305A US 2008282142 A1 US2008282142 A1 US 2008282142A1
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
user interface
attributes
lt
gt
actors
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10/598,163
Inventor
Stefan Geoffrey Butlin
Nicholas Holder Clarey
Jacob Benjamin Blaukopf
Nicholas Carl Brook
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qualcomm Inc
Original Assignee
Qualcomm Cambridge Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB0403709.9 priority Critical
Priority to GB0403709A priority patent/GB2411331A/en
Application filed by Qualcomm Cambridge Ltd filed Critical Qualcomm Cambridge Ltd
Priority to PCT/GB2005/000627 priority patent/WO2005081131A1/en
Assigned to QUALCOMM INCORPORATED reassignment QUALCOMM INCORPORATED ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BLAUKOPF, JACOB BENJAMIN, BUTLIN, STEFAN GEOFFREY, CLAREY, NICHOLAS HOLDER
Assigned to QUALCOMM INCORPORATED reassignment QUALCOMM INCORPORATED ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: BROOK, NICHOLAS CARL, BUTLIN, STEFAN GEOFFREY, BLAUKOPF, JACOB BENJAMIN, CLAREY, NICHOLAS HOLDER
Publication of US20080282142A1 publication Critical patent/US20080282142A1/en
Assigned to QUALCOMM CAMBRIDGE LIMITED reassignment QUALCOMM CAMBRIDGE LIMITED CORRECTIVE ASSIGNMENT TO CORRECT THE CORRECTIVE ASSIGNMENT TO CORRECT THE RECEIVING PARTY DATA PREVIOUSLY RECORDED ON REEL 016625 FRAME 0886. ASSIGNOR(S) HEREBY CONFIRMS THE CORRECT RECEIVING PARTY DATA. Assignors: BLAUKOPF, JACOB BENJAMIN, BUTLIN, STEFAN GEOFFREY, CLAREY, NICHOLAS HOLDER
Assigned to QUALCOMM CAMBRIDGE LIMITED reassignment QUALCOMM CAMBRIDGE LIMITED CORRECTIVE ASSIGNMENT TO CORRECT THE CORRECT RECEIVING PARTY DATA PREVIOUSLY RECORDED ON REEL 020053 FRAME 0527. ASSIGNOR(S) HEREBY CONFIRMS THE CORRECT RECEIVING PARTY. Assignors: BLAUKOPF, JACOB BENJAMIN, CLAREY, NICHOLAS HOLDER, BROOK, NICHOLAS CARL, BUTLIN, STEFAN GEOFFREY
Assigned to QUALCOMM INCORPORATED reassignment QUALCOMM INCORPORATED ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: QUALCOMM CAMBRIDGE LIMITED
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F16/00Information retrieval; Database structures therefor; File system structures therefor
    • G06F16/90Details of database functions independent of the retrieved data types
    • G06F16/95Retrieval from the web
    • G06F16/957Browsing optimisation, e.g. caching or content distillation
    • G06F16/9577Optimising the visualization of content, e.g. distillation of HTML documents
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F8/00Arrangements for software engineering
    • G06F8/30Creation or generation of source code
    • G06F8/38Creation or generation of source code for implementing user interfaces
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F8/00Arrangements for software engineering
    • G06F8/70Software maintenance or management
    • G06F8/71Version control; Configuration management
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/72Substation extension arrangements; Cordless telephones, i.e. devices for establishing wireless links to base stations without route selecting
    • H04M1/725Cordless telephones
    • H04M1/72519Portable communication terminals with improved user interface to control a main telephone operation mode or to indicate the communication status
    • H04M1/72563Portable communication terminals with improved user interface to control a main telephone operation mode or to indicate the communication status with means for adapting by the user the functionality or the communication capability of the terminal under specific circumstances
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers; Analogous equipment at exchanges
    • H04M1/72Substation extension arrangements; Cordless telephones, i.e. devices for establishing wireless links to base stations without route selecting
    • H04M1/725Cordless telephones
    • H04M1/72519Portable communication terminals with improved user interface to control a main telephone operation mode or to indicate the communication status
    • H04M1/72522With means for supporting locally a plurality of applications to increase the functionality
    • H04M1/72525With means for supporting locally a plurality of applications to increase the functionality provided by software upgrading or downloading
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D10/00Energy efficient computing
    • Y02D10/40Reducing energy consumption at software or application level
    • Y02D10/45Information retrieval in databases

Abstract

There is provided a user interface which is defined by a plurality of actors and the attributes) that are associated with the actors. A renderer is used to render the user interface in accordance with the attributes of the actors. Changes in actor attributes, for example in response to a keypress, cause the user interface to be updated.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to rendering user interfaces and in particular to rendering user interfaces for communications devices.
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Communications devices, such as, for example mobile telephones and PDAs incorporate display screens of increasing size and resolution. Given the limitations in processing power of these devices it is desirable to provide users with an attractive user interface that facilitates the use of the device and provides a fast response to user inputs. For some devices, such as mobile telephones, there is significant interest in providing user interfaces that can be readily and easily updated by the user and/or the network operator so that content for updating user interfaces can be deployed to users. Known approaches tend to either lack the required flexibility or require significant and undesirable levels of processing power.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of rendering a user interface for a device, the method comprising the steps of providing a plurality of actors, each of the plurality of actors being associated with a user interface element and comprising one or more attributes defining the respective actor; providing a renderer to receive one or more attributes from one or more of the plurality of actors and rendering the user interface in accordance with the received attributes.
  • According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a data carrier comprising computer executable code for performing the above-described method.
  • According to a third aspect of the present invention there is provided a device comprising: a user interface, the user interface comprising one or more user interface elements; a plurality of actors, each of the plurality of actors being associated with a user interface element and comprising one or more attributes; and a renderer, the renderer being configured, in use, to interpret the attributes associated with one or more of the plurality of actors and to render the user interface accordingly.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • FIG. 1 shows a schematic depiction of a system incorporating the present invention;
  • FIG. 2 depicts in greater detail the structure and operation of server 100;
  • FIG. 3 shows a schematic depiction of the software 400 for the mobile devices 300;
  • FIG. 4 shows a schematic depiction of the content toolset 200; and
  • FIG. 5 shows a schematic depiction of a device that comprises a user interface according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention will now be described by way of illustration only and with respect to the accompanying drawings, in which FIG. 1 shows a schematic depiction of a system comprising server 100, content toolset 200, mobile devices 300, operational support systems (OSSs) 700, content feeds 500 and user interface (UI) sources 600. In use, the server 100 communicates content data and UI data to the mobile devices 300, 301, . . . , each of which comprise software package 400. The server 100 interfaces with OSSs 700, with the OSSs being those conventionally used to operate mobile networks, for example billing, account management, etc. The server 100 further interfaces with the content toolset 200: the content toolset receives data from UI sources 600, 601, . . . , and packages the UI data such that the server can transmit the packaged UI data to the software packages 400 comprised within the mobile devices 300. The server receives data. from a plurality of content feeds, and this data is processed and packaged such that it can be sent to the software packages 400 or so that the mobile devices 300 can access the data using the software package 400.
  • The system can be envisaged as being divided into three separate domains: operator domain 50 comprises the systems and equipment operated by the mobile network operator (MNO); user domain 60 comprises a plurality of mobile devices and third-party domain 70 comprises the content feeds and UI feeds that may be controlled or operated by a number of different entities.
  • FIG. 2 depicts in greater detail the structure and operation of server 100. Server 100 comprises publishing component 110 and content server component 150. Publishing component comprises database 111, import queue 112, content toolset interface 113, user interface 114 & catalogue 115. In operation, the publishing component receives content from the content toolset at the content toolset interface. The content is presented in the form of a parcel 210 a, 210 b, etc, (see below) comprising one or more Trigs and one or more Triglets. A trig is a user interface for a mobile device, such as a mobile telephone and a triglet is a data file that can be used to extend or alter a trig. If a parcel comprises more than one trig then one of the Trigs may be a master trig from which the other Trigs are derived.
  • FIG. 3 shows a schematic depiction of the software 400 for the mobile devices 300, which comprises a mark-up language renderer 410, update manager 420, network communication agent 425, resource manager 430, virtual file system 435, actor manager 440, a plurality of actors 445 a, 445, . . . , native UI renderer 450, support manager 460, trig manager 465 and mark-up language parser 470.
  • The software may operate using TrigML, which is an XML application and that mark-up language renderer 410 renders the TrigXML code for display on the mobile device 300. The mark-up language renderer also uses the TrigML Parser to parse TrigML resources, display content on the device screen and controlling the replacement and viewing of content on the handset. The native UI renderer is used to display UI components that can be displayed without the use of TrigML, and for displaying error messages.
  • The software 400 is provisioned and installed in a device specific manner. Similarly, software upgrades are handled in a device specific manner. The software may be provisioned in a more limited format, as a self-contained application that renders its built in content only: i.e. the software is provisioned with a built-in trig but additional trigs cannot be added later. The supplied trig may be upgraded over the air.
  • The trig manager 465 presents an interface to the resource manager 430 and the mark-up language renderer. It is responsible for trig management in general. This includes: persisting knowledge of the trig in use, changing the current trig, selection of a trig on start-up, selection of a further trig as a fall back for a corrupt trig, maintaining the set of installed trigs, identifying where a particular trig is installed to the resource manager and reading the update channel definitions of a trig and configuring the update manager appropriately.
  • The resource manager provides an abstraction of the persistent store on device, i.e. storing the files as real files, or as records in a database. The resource manager presents a file system interface to the mark-up language renderer and the update manager. It is responsible for handling file path logic, distinguishing between real resource files and actor attributes, mapping trig-relative paths onto absolute paths, interfacing with the trig manager and providing a modification interface to the update manager.
  • The Resource Manager is also responsible for ensuring the integrity of the resources stored in the persistent store, especially in the face of unpredictable interruptions such as loss of device power. The Resource Manager has no knowledge of the trig currently used. Its interface is thread safe (as it may be used by both the Update Manager and the Renderer from different threads.
  • The Update Manager handles the reception and application of Trigs and Triglets. The Update Manager presents an interface to the Renderer and the trig Manager and is responsible for: the initiation of manual updates when instructed to by the Renderer; controlling and implementing the automatic update channel when so configured by the trig manager; indicating the progress of a manual update and recovering an Update following unexpected loss of network connection and/or device power. The update packet format may be defined as a binary serialisation of an XML schema.
  • The Support Manager provides an interface for other components to report the occurrence of an event or error. Depending on the severity of the error, the Support Manager will log the event and/or put up an error message popup
  • XML is a convenient data formatting language that is used to define the update packet format as well as TrigML content. For bandwidth and storage efficiency reasons, text XML is serialised into a binary representation. Both update packets and TrigML fragments are parsed by the same component, the mark-up language parser. Any further use of XML in the software must use the binary XML encoding and therefore re-use the parser.
  • The Actor Manager 440 looks after the set of actors 445 present in the software. It is used by: the renderer when content is sending events to an actor; actors that want to notify that an attribute value has changed and actors that want to emit an event (see below).
  • The software may comprises a multi-threaded application running a minimum of two threads, with more possible depending on how many and what sort of actors are included. The software runs mostly in one thread, referred to as the main thread. The main thread is used to run the renderer which communicates synchronously with other components. Actors always have a synchronous interface to the Renderer. If an actor requires additional threads for its functionality, then it is the responsibility of the Actor to manage the inter-thread communication. A light messaging framework may be used to avoid unnecessary code duplication where many actors require inter-thread communication. It will be understood that it is also possible to implement the software using a single threaded operation.
  • In addition to the main thread, the update manager runs a network thread. The network thread is used to download update packets and is separate from the main thread to allow the renderer to continue unaffected until the packet has arrived. The Update Manager is responsible for handling inter-thread messaging such that the Update Manager communicates synchronously with the Renderer and Resource Manager when applying the changes defined in an Update Packet.
  • The memory allocation strategy of the software is platform specific. On MIDP platforms, the software simply uses the system heap and garbage collector for all its memory requirements. Garbage collection is forced whenever a content replacement event occurs in an attempt to keep the garbage collection predictable and not suffer unexpected pauses in operation. It is assumed that any memory allocation might fail, in which case the software will delete all its references to objects, garbage collect, and restart—assuming that the software has already successfully started up and rendered the first page.
  • On C++-based platforms, a mixture of pre-allocation and on-demand allocation will be made from the system heap. All memory required for start-up is allocated on-demand during start-up, with any failures here causing the exit (with message if possible) of the software. Following successful start-up, memory needed for rendering the content document model is pre-allocated. Provided content is authored to use less than a defined limit, it is guaranteed to render. Additional use is made of RAM for various caches needed for fast operation of the software. Where memory conditions are low, these caches will be released resulting in slow rendering performance from the software.
  • Errors that are severe enough to disrupt the normal operation of the software must result in a pop-up dialog box. The dialog box contains one of a small number of internationalised error messages (internationalised versions of these strings may be compiled into the software at build-time with the version of an error string to display being determined by the relevant language setting on the device). To keep the number of messages to a minimum, only a few generic problems are covered.
  • To allow for support situations, error dialogs also display an error code as a 4-digit (16-bit) hex string. Each error code is associated with a description text that can be used by support staff to determine the nature of a problem with the software. Errors that occur in the software and that are not severe enough to halt its operation may be logged by the Support Manager component. The Support Manager can be queried by the user typing special key sequences. The Support Manager can also supply its error log to a server via an HTTP GET or POST method.
  • The Renderer receives information regarding the key press. If there is no behaviour configured at build time for a key, it is sent as a TrigML content event to the current focus element. The content event is then handled as defined by TrigML's normal event processing logic.
  • For example, if a key is pressed down, a ‘keypress’ event is delivered to the Renderer with a parameter set to they relevant key. When the key is released, a ‘!keypress’ event is delivered to the Renderer. If a key is held down for a extended period of time, a ‘longkeypress’ event is delivered to the renderer. On release, both a ‘!longkeypress’ and a ‘!keypress’ event are delivered to the Renderer.
  • Whenever the software is started, it executes the following actions:
      • Check for, and continue with, interrupted Update processing;
      • Check for, and process, Updates residing in the file system (either pre-provisioned, or installed to the file system by some other means);
      • If known, start the current trig (which may be the last run trig);
      • If a current trig is not set, a trig that has been flagged as a ‘default’ trig can be started.
      • Failing the presence of a default trig, the first valid trig by alphabetical order of name will be selected.
  • A trig is started by loading the defined resource name, start-up/default. The TrigML defined in start-up/default is parsed as the new contents for the content root node.
  • The first time a trig is run by the software following its installation, the trig is started by loading the resource name startup/firsttime. The software may record whether a trig has been run or not in a file located in the top level folder for that trig. Dependent on the platform used by the mobile device, the automatic start-up of the software may be set as a build-time configuration option. Furthermore, placing the software in the background following an auto-start may also be a build-time configuration option.
  • A launcher may appear to the user as an application icon and selecting it starts the software with a trig specified by that launcher (this trig may be indicated by a launcher icon and/or name). When using a launcher to start a trig, it is possible to specify an ‘entry point’ parameter. The parameter is a resource name of a file found in the ‘start-up’ folder. This file is not used if the trig has never been run before, in which case the file called ‘firsttime’ is used instead.
  • The software uses content resource files stored in a virtual file system on the device. The file system is described as virtual as it may not be implemented as a classical file-system, however, all references to resources are file paths as if stored in a hierarchical system of folders and files.
  • Details regarding the arrangement of the file-system for an embodiment of the present invention are given below in Appendix A. Furthermore, the software stores some or all of the following information: usage statistics; active user counts; TrigManager state; TrigML fragments & update channel definition (serialised as binary XML); PNG images; plain text, encoded as UTF-8 OTA and then stored in a platform specific encoding; other platform specific resources, e.g. ring tone files, background images, etc.
  • Files in the file system can be changed, either when an actor attribute value changes, or when a file is replaced by a triglet. When files in the /attrs directory change, the Renderer is immediately notified and the relevant branches of the content tree are updated and refreshed. When images and text resources are changed, the Renderer behaves as if the affected resources are immediately reloaded (either the whole content tree or just the affected branches may be refreshed). When TrigML fragments are changed, the Renderer behaves as if it is not notified and continues to display its current, possibly out of date, content. This is to avoid the software needing to persist <include> elements and the <load> history of the current content.
  • The software 400 is provisioned to mobile devices in a device specific method. One or more Trigs can be provisioned as part of the installation, for example, stored as an uncompressed update packet. On start-up, the packet can be expanded and installed to the file-system.
  • The Actors 445 are components that publish attribute values and handle and emit events. Actors communicate with the Renderer synchronously. If an actor needs asynchronous behaviour, then it is the responsibility of the actor to manage and communicate with a thread external to the main thread of the Renderer.
  • Actor attributes may be read as file references. Attributes are one of four types: a single simple value; a vector of simple values; a single structure of fields, each field having a simple value; or a vector of structures. Attributes may be referenced by an expression using an object member notation similar to many object-orientated programming languages:
      • <image res=“signallevels/{protocol.signalstrength}”/>
  • When needed as a file, an attribute is accessed via the /attrs folder.
      • <text res=“/attr/network/name”>
  • An Actor can be messaged by sending it an event with the <throw> element. Events emitted by actors can be delivered to the content tree as content events: these can be targeted at an element Id or ‘top’. The interface to an actor is defined by an Actor Interface Definition file. This is an XML document that defines the attributes, types, fieldnames, events-in and parameters, and events out. The set of actors is configurable at build-time for the software. Appendix B gives an exemplary listing of some actors that may be used, along with the associated functions or variables.
  • Updates comprise a new trig (a new or replacement UI) or a triglet (a modification to an existing trig) and may be regarded as modifications to the software file-system. The Update Manager to determine what needs changing in the file-system by reading a packet. Update Packets may be downloaded over the air by the software 400 using HTTP, or other suitable transport mechanisms, wrapped in a device-specific package format or pre-provisioned with the installation of the software itself.
  • Updates may be triggered by a number of means, which include
      • the software checking for interrupted Update processing on start-up
      • the software checking for pre-installed Update Packets on start-up
      • automatically as configured by an Update Channel
      • user initiation
      • the device receiving a special SMS
  • In order to successfully render the user interface of a mobile device, the mark-up language must have the following qualities: concise page definitions, consistent layout rules, be implementable in a compact renderer, provide multiple layering and arbitrary overlapping content, event model, require the repaint of only the areas of the display that have to change between pages of the UI, include hooks to the platform for reading property values receiving events and sending events, extensible, and be graphically flexible.
  • TrigML provides these features and Appendix C gives an overview of the elements and attributes that provide the desired functionality.
  • It is desirable that the cost of re-branding UIs and producing a continual stream of updates is minimal. This is enabled by providing an efficient flow of information from the creative process through to the transmission of data to users.
  • A container, referred to as a parcel, is used for UIs, UI updates, and templates for 3rd party involvement. Parcels contain all the information necessary for a 3rd party to produce, test and deliver branded UIs and updates. FIG. 4 shows a schematic depiction of the content toolset 200, which comprises scripting environment 220, test and simulation environment 230 and maintenance environment 240
  • The parcel process comprise five processing stages:
  • 1) The scripting environment 220 provides the means to design the template for one or more UIs and the update strategy for UIs based on that template.
    2) The maintenance environment 240 provides for rapid UI and update production in a well-controlled and guided environment that can be outsourced to content providers.
    3) The maintenance environment 240 ‘pre-flight’ functionality allows the deployment administrator to check and tune the Uls and updates that they receive from 3rd parties.
    4) The publishing component 110 provides management of UIs and updates at the deployment point, including the staging of new releases.
    5) The publishing component 110 enables the automatic generation of updates from live content feeds.
  • Many different UIs can be derived from a common base. Typically the common base would implement most of the interface itself, and Trigs derived from it would implement small variations on it, such as branding. A Triglet can be derived from a Trig, and it can override any of the resources from the parent Trig that it chooses to (optionally it may introduce its own resources). Note that “resources” here also refers to TrigML, so the behaviour and layout of a Trig can be modified by a Triglet just as easily as it replacing a single image or piece of text.
  • A Parcel may comprise one or more base Trigs (i.e. a Trig that is not derived from any other trig), one or more multiple Trigs derived from a base Trig, a plurality of triglets derived from any of the trigs and a plurality of triglets derived from other triglets.
  • FIG. 5 shows a schematic depiction of a device 800 that comprises a user interface according to an embodiment of the present invention. The device comprises a display 810 that displays the user interface 815 and user interface means 820, that enable the user to interact with the user interface 815. A processor 830 executes the software that is stored within one or more storage means 840 and there may be provided one or more wireless communication interfaces 850, to enable communication with other devices and/or communication networks. One or more batteries 860 may be received to power the device, which may also comprise interfaces to receive electrical power and/or communication cables.
  • The nature of these components and interfaces will depend upon the nature of the device. It will be understood that such a user interface can be implemented within a mobile or cellular telephone handset, but it is also applicable to other portable devices such as digital cameras, personal digital organisers, digital music players, GPS navigators, portable gaming consoles, etc. Furthermore, it is also applicable to other devices that comprise a user interface, such as laptop or desktop computers.
  • The user interface means may comprise a plurality of buttons, such as a numerical or alpha-numerical keyboard, or a touch screen or similar. One or more storage devices may comprise a form of non-volatile memory, such as a memory card, so that the stored data is not lost if power is lost. ROM storage means may be provided to store data which does not need updating or changing. Some RAM may be provided for temporary storage as the faster response times support the caching of frequently accessed data. The device may also accept user removable memory cards and optionally hard disk drives may be used as a storage means. The storage means used will be determined by balancing the different requirements of device size, power consumption, the volume of storage required, etc.
  • Such a device may be implemented in conjunction with virtually any wireless communications network, for example second generation digital mobile telephone networks (i.e. GSM, D-AMPS), so-called 2.5G networks (i.e. GPRS, HSCSD, EDGE), third generation WCDMA or CDMA-2000 networks and improvements to and derivatives of these and similar networks. Within buildings and campuses other technologies such as Bluetooth, IrDa or wireless LANs (whether based on radio or optical systems) may also be used. USB and/or FireWire connectivity may be supplied for data synchronisation with other devices and/or for battery charging.
  • Computer software for implementing the methods and/or for configuring a device as described above may be provided on data carriers such as floppy disks, CD-ROMS. DVDs, non-volatile memory cards, etc.
  • This application claims the benefit of UK Patent Application number 0403709.9, filed Feb. 19, 2004, the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.
  • APPENDIX A For file paths beginning with a leading ‘/’: /attrs Like the unix /proc directory, stores actor attribute values for reference by content when the attribute is needed as a file reference.   <actor> Each subdirectory of /attrs is the actor name.     <attribute> Each attribute is accessed as a node in the actor subdirectory       <field> If the attribute is a structure, then the field name specifies which structure member to access.       <index> If the attribute is a vector attribute, then the index number specifies the index into the vector of the desired attribute.         <field> If the vector attribute is a collection of structures, then the field name again specifies the structure member. config Common folder in every trig to store trig meta data.   channels Common folder to store the update channel definitions.     <channel defs> Set of files defining the collection of update channels for the trig. Each file can define one or more update channels. start-up Common folder to store entry points for the trig.   default Common TrigML file to store the default entry point for the trig.   firsttime Common TrigML file to store the TrigML for use the first time this trig is run   <trigml files> Other named TrigML files can be used as entry points if found in the start-up folder. constants This folder is not passed OTA and is instead fully resolved at content compile time. <rest of content> trig content is organised in trig-defined format under the Trigs folder. File paths without a leading ‘/’ are treated as relative to the current trig, i.e. every trig is stored in its own folder hierarchy rooted in a single folder.
  • APPENDIX B Trigplayer Attributes UpdateState Actor Messages exit predial_mode on/off Events idle Launch Actor Attributes Messages browser url SMS Number message Camera Inbox Profiles missed_calls dialer number . . . native_app app_id url Events Install Actor Attributes Messages ringtone resource_path wallpaper resource_path Events Phone Actor Attributes Bluetooth IrDA Call GPRS UnreadSMS UnreadVoiceMail UnreadMsgs BatteryLevel SignalStrength Messages Events missed_call message_arrived voice_mail_arrived
  • APPENDIX C <trigml> <layer>    id Visible Elements common attributes    id  x  y  w  h  bdcolor bgcolor    hasfocus  canfocus  clip raise <group> <grid>    rows  cols  rowsplit colsplit <griddata>    repeatover    rows  cols  rowsplit colsplit <gridlist>    initrow  initcol    rows  cols  rowsplit colsplit <image>    res  frames  index <tile>    res  bdt  bdb  bdr  bdl <text>    res  font  size  slant weight  align    color  fxcolor  multiline <paintif>    res  isvalid <ticker>    repeatover <batterylevel>    res  frames <signalstrength>    res  frames <phonestatus>    res  include <include>    res <param>    name  value  valuefrom Listener Elements common attributes    when  consume <throw>    event  target <att>    name  value  valuefrom <anim>    name  duration  repeat persist   startvalue endvalue  bounce <load>    res  target <setvar>    name  value  valuefrom System Events    entry    focus  !focus    keypress[key]    !keypress[key]    longkeypress[key]    !longkeypress[key]    moreUpChanged[newValue]    moreDownChanged[newValue] type: visible Class of element that can have contains contained by a visible representation on any listener any container the display. This section describes attributes and properties common to all visible elements. attributes type default id string none The name or ID of this element. This identifier is used in the target attribute of <throw> and <load> elements. If the same ID is used more than once, then the last ID loaded is used. x (modifiable) integer centre The x-coordinate of the frame left of the element, relative to centre the top-left corner of the center parent element. If one of right ‘left’, ‘centre’ or ‘right’, the frame is suitably aligned within parent element. y (modifiable) integer centre The y-coordinate of the frame top of the element, relative to centre the top-left corner of the center parent element. If one of bottom ‘top’, ‘centre’ or ‘bottom’, the frame is suitably aligned within parent element. w (modifiable) integer * * The width of the frame of the element. If ‘*’, the frame assumes the width of the parent frame, or cell, if it is in a grid. h (modifiable) integer * * The height of the frame of the element. If ‘*’, the frame assumes the height of the parent frame, or cell, if it is in a grid. bgcolour, bgcolor colour #00000000 The background fill colour of (modifiable) (transparent) the element. If translucent alpha values are not supported, then the alpha component will round down to fully transparent. bdcolour, bdcolor colour #00000000 The colour of the border for (modifiable) (transparent) this element. The border is drawn 1-pixel wide and just inside the frame. The border can be partially or fully obscured by the child contents. If translucent alpha is not supported, then the alpha component is rounded up to full opacity. clip boolean true If true, the painting of all child contents of this element will be clipped by the frame of this element, i.e. children cannot ‘spill’ outside the frame. If false, the painting of all child contents will be clipped by the clipping frame of the parent element. clip = false should be used with caution as it slows down the renderer. raise boolean false If true, the painting of this (modifiable) element is painted last within its <layer>. If more than one element specifies raise = true, then they are all painted last, but in their normal relative order. If false, the painting of this element is in the normal order - that of painting elements in the order parsed. hasfocus boolean false If true, this element will be given the initial focus for the layer that it is in. If more than one element specifies hasfocus = true, then the last within each layer to do so is given the initial focus. When loading new content that contains an element with hasfocus = true, the focus is only given to this element if the new content is removing the element that previously had the focus. canfocus boolean false If true, this element will be given the focus when navigating with the cursor keys. If false, this element will be ignored when navigating with the cursor keys. (Note: This replaces: <att when = focus/>) <trigml> The root element of all TrigML contains contained by documents. It does not have any any element none visual appearance. attributes type default none <layer> Full screen layer. Each layer contains contained by manages its own focus. The any visible _top highest layer with a non-null any listener focus element gets keypresses and events sent to _top. attributes type default id string none The name or ID of this element. This identifier is used in the target attribute of <throw> and <load> elements. If the same ID is used more than once, then the last ID loaded is used. <group> visible, container Generic container of other elements. Can be used as a plain contains contained by rectangle. any visible any container any listener attributes type default all attributes in type: visible <grid> visible, container Container element that arranges its children in a grid. <grid> contains contained by is purely for layout. Use any visible any container <gridlist> or <griddata> for any listener focus management. Each child is placed in its cell, with that cell forming its parent frame - i.e. children that leave w/h as ‘*’ will be the size of their cell. attributes type default rows integer none The number of rows in the grid. Cannot be zero. If rows is supplied and cols is not, then the grid is filled column by column. cols integer none The number of columns in the grid. Cannot be zero. If cols is supplied and rows is not, then the grid is filled row by row. If both rows and cols are supplied, then the grid is also filled row by row. rowsplit list of * The heights of each row. If semi- fewer values are supplied than colon there are rows, the last value separated is repeated for each extra row. integers All rows that have * for a or *s rowsplit share the available space. colsplit same as * The column width equivalent of rowsplit rowsplit. all attributes in Note that clip applies to the type: visible whole grid, not each cell in the grid. <gridlist> visible, container Container element that arranges its children in a grid. It is contains contained by also a Focus Manager in that it any visible any container moves an active cell around the any listener grid, scrolling the grid if the grid is bigger than the frame of this element. Note that both rows and rowsplit, and cols and colsplit, must be supplied to achieve a grid that is larger than the w/h of this element. attributes type default initrow integer O The initial row of the active cell. Count from zero. See initcol below. initcol integer O The initial column of the active cell. Count from zero. The first time the gridlist gets focus, this is the cell that is in turn given focus. The hasfocus attribute overrides initrow and initcol. all attributes in <grid> all attributes in Note that clip is always true type: visible for a gridlist. <griddata> visible, container Container element that treats its single child, or single contains contained by rows-worth of children, as a any visible any container template for the rest of the any listener cells in the grid. If the special variable $$ appears in the definition of the child template, then it is replaced with the current scroll position in the set of values defined by the repeatover attribute. Only the number of children that fit in the grid are used, with the value of $$ being scrolled as focus is moved up and down the grid. attributes type default repeatover resource No Specifies the set of values to path default. use for the $$ variable in the Must be child elements. If the supplied. resource path is a folder, then the list of resources found in that folder are used (in numeric order) for the set of values for $$. If the resource path is a file, then the file is treated as an index file that specifies a list of values for $$. all attributes in <grid> all attributes in type: visible <image> visible Draws an image. contains contained by any listener any container attributes type default res (modifiable) resource none The resource path of the PNG path file. Image is a transparent blank if res is not suppplied. frames integer 1 The number of frames (side by side images) in the PNG file. The image width is therefore the real PNG width divided by the number of frames. index (modifiable) integer 1 The frame number (counting from 1) to display. all attributes in The default for w/h is to type: visible shrink to fit the supplied image. If the image is not found, then w/h default as normal. If w/h are supplied, the image is aligned to the top left corner. <tile> visible Draws a tiled image. If borders are also supplied, the image is contains contained by tiled by preserving corners and any listener any container edges, tiling these lengthways as necessary. attributes type default res (modifiable) resource none The resource path of the PNG path file. The tile is transparent blank if the res is not supplied. bdt integer 0 The thickness of the top border. If zero, the tiling has no top edge tile. bdl integer 0 The thickness of the left border. If zero, the tiling has no left edge tile. bdr integer 0 The thickness of the right border. If zero, the tiling has no right edge tile. bdb integer 0 The thickness of the bottom border. If zero, the tiling has no bottom edge tile. all attributes in type: visible <text> visible Draws a text string. Text can be single or multiline, contains contained by scrollable or not, editable any listener any container or not. Text is drawn with device specific fonts. attributes type default res (modifiable) resource none The resource path of the path text string to display (initially if editable). A transparent blank is drawn if not supplied. font fixed serif Device specific font. serif sansserif system size small small Device specific size. Should medium map to 9pt, 12pt and 18pt large respectively. weight plain plain Device specific weight for bold the font. slant plain plain Device specific weight for italic the font. align left left The horizontal alignment of centre the text string inside the center frame of the text box. There right is no vertical alignment control, use the y attribute to control the text box position instead. color, colour colour #ff000O00 The colour of the text. If (modifiable) (black) translucent alpha is not supported, the alpha component is rounded up to full opacity. fxcolor, fxcolour colour #00000000 The colour of the text (modifiable) effect. The default text effect is a glow background. multiline boolean false If false, the string is drawn on a single line. The width of this element will default to the length required to exactly fit the string. If true, the string will be drawn on multiple lines. The width will default to be the same as the parent element. The height will default to the height required to exactly fit the number of lines for the string. scrollable boolean false If true, the view of the string can be scrolled (horizontally for single line, vertically for multiline) when this element has the focus. Focus is released when the end or beginning of the string is reached, or if a cursor key is pressed in the non- scrolling direction. editable resource None If supplied, this element is path to an editable text box. Text writable editing is drawn in a device resource specific way, and may involve pressing select to activate text editing. The edited value of the string is stored in the resource path supplied by this attribute. all attributes in type: visible <throw> listener Throws an event. Events can be sent to other parts of the contains contained by content tree or to an actor. <param> any visible attributes type default when event none The event to listen for. If a name and parameter value is supplied in optional square brackets [ ], then this parameter will only trigger when the value event with that parameter value is received. E.g.: when=”keypress[_select]” triggers on the keypress event when the parameter value is ‘_select’ event event none The name of the event to throw. name If this is an Actor event, it will automatically be sent to the relevant Actor, regardless of the specified target. Use square brackets to specify an anonymous parameter value to accompany this event. Use <param> children to specify named parameters for this event. If the event is the ‘focus’ event, then this will cause the focus to move to the target element (within the layer of the target element). target element _top The element ID of the element ID to send this event to. If not supplied then _top is used. If the event is an Actor event, this attribute is ignored. consume boolean false If true, the event propagation will stop at this element. No further listeners will trigger on the incoming event after this element. <att> listener Modifies an attribute of its parent visible when switched contains contained by on. <att> is switched on by the any visible event specified in the when attribute. It is switched off by the ‘!’ version of the event. If several <att>s modify the same parent attribute, the last <att> that is switched on wins. attributes type default when event none The event to listen for. If a name and parameter value is supplied in optional square brackets [ ], then this parameter will only switch on when the value event with that parameter value is received. E.g.: when=”keypress[_select]” triggers on the keypress event when the parameter value is ‘_select’ name attribute none The name of the attribute in name the parent visible to modify. The attribute must be modifiable as indicated in the attribute boxes in this spec. value same as none The new value for the named attribute attribute of the parent being visible. modified Use the @-symbol to reference the value of a named parameter of the incoming event. consume boolean false If true, the event propagation will stop at this element. No further listeners will trigger on the incoming event after this element. <anim> listener Continuously modifies an attribute of its parent contains contained by visible while switched on. any visible The animation is started by the event, and restarted every time the event arrives subsequently. The modification (whereever the animation has got to) is switched off when the ‘!’ version of the event arrives. attributes type default when event name none The event to listen for. If a and optional parameter value is supplied parameter in square brackets [ ], then value this will only switch on when the event with that parameter value is received. E.g.: when=”keypress[_select]” triggers on the keypress event when the parameter value is ‘_select’ name attribute none The name of the attribute in name the parent visible to modify. The attribute must be modifiable as indicated in the attribute boxes in this spec. startvalue same as none The value to use at the start attribute of the animation. If not being supplied, the current value modified is used. The current value depends on all previous listener elements that modify the same attribute and the value specified by the parent visible itself. endvalue same as none The value to use at the end attribute of the animation. This value being is reached at the time modified specified by the duration attribute. If not supplied, the current value of the attribute is used in the same way as startvalue above. duration integer 300 The length of time taken to number of animate the named attribute milliseconds from startvalue to endvalue once. Note this is not the total duraction of the animation which can be calculated by multiplying the number of repeats by this duration. repeat integer- 0 The number of times to repeat 1 = forever the animation after the first time through, i.e. setting it to 1 will result in the animation being played twice. bounce boolean false If true, the animation will play backwards on alternate repeats. persist boolean depends . . . If true, the animation will hold the endvalue as the modification until switched off by the ‘!’ event. If false, the animation will revert to the startvalue at the end of the animation and hold that value until the animation is switched off. The default depends whether the event is a normal event or a ‘!’ version of an event. If the event is normal, the default is true. If the event is a ‘!’ event, the default is false. consume boolean false If true, the event propagation will stop at this element. No further listeners will trigger on the incoming event after this element. <load> listener Loads some new content into the supplied target element. contains contained by <param> any visible attributes type default when event none The event to listen for. If a name and parameter value is supplied in optional square brackets [ ], then this parameter will only trigger when the value event with that parameter value is received. E.g.: when=”keypress[_select]” triggers on the keypress event when the parameter value is ‘_select’ res resource none The resource path of the trigml path file to load. target element _top The element ID to replace the ID children of. consume boolean false If true, the event propagation will stop at this element. No further listeners will trigger on the incoming event after this element. <include> Inlines the specified trigml contains contained by file. The trigml in the file is <param> any element treated as if it had been originally declared in place of this <include> element. attributes type default res resource none The resource path of the trigml path file to include. <param> Supplies a parameter name and contains contained by value to a <load>, <include> or <load> <throw> element. <include> <throw> attributes type default name parameter none The name of the parameter. name The $-symbol is used to reference the parameter when used in a <load> or <include>. The @-symbol is used to reference the parameter when used with an event. value value none The value of the parameter. valuefrom resource none The resource path of a file to path read the contents of to obtain the value of this parameter. <setvar> listener Sets a variable. The variable can only used when loading new content. contains contained by If <setvar> triggers on the ‘entry’ <param> any visible event, the variable cannot be used until the next <load> tag is used. attributes type default when event none The event to listen for. If a name and parameter value is supplied in optional square brackets [ ], then this will parameter only trigger when the event with value that parameter value is received. E.g.: when=”keypress[_select]” triggers on the keypress event when the parameter value is ‘_select’ name variable none The name of the variable. name value value none The value to put in the variable. The variable can be referenced with the $-symbol in subsequent <load> actions. consume boolean false If true, the event propagation will stop at this element. No further listeners will trigger on the incoming event after this element. <paintif> container, visible Only paints its contents if the specified resource exists or the contains contained by path is valid. The contents are any visible any element still in the tree, and still respond any listener to events, however, none of the contents are painted if the condition is not met. <paintif> can be used in place of group. attributes type default res resource none The resource path to test for the path existence of. isvalid resource none The resource path to test the path validity (as a resource path) of. Note this will not actually check if the file exists, merely whether or not the path is a valid path. This is useful for testing whether $$ is in range or not. <ticker> visible Scrolls a series of items onto, then off, the frame of this contains contained by element. The visible child element any listener any container of <ticker> is used as a template any one for each item. Each item is visible scrolled on from below the element up into a centre-left-aligned position. The item is then paused before scrolling it off to the left. Use the $$ variable in the template to vary the item on each scroll past. The list is restarted at the top when the last item has been scrolled past. attributes type default repeatover resource No Specifies the set of values to use path default. for the $$ variable in the child Must be elements. If the resource path is supplied. a folder, then the list of resources found in that folder are used (in numeric order) for the set of values for $$. If the resource path is a file, then the file is treated as an index file that specifies a list of values for $$. all attributes in type: visible <batterylevel> visible Draws the battery level using the supplied image as a multi-framed contains contained by image. The current value of the any listener any container battery level is mapped onto the proportional frame number. attributes type default res (modifiabl
    Figure US20080282142A1-20081113-P00899
    resource none The resource path of the PNG file
    path that holds all the states of the battery level. frames integer 1 The number of frames (side by side images) in the PNG file. The image width is therefore the real PNG width divided by the number of frames. The frame that is displayed depends on the current battery level. all attributes The default for w/h is to shrink in to fit the supplied image. If the type: visible image is not found, then w/h default as normal. If w/h are supplied, the image is aligned to the top left corner. <signalstrength> visible Draws the signal strength level using the supplied image as a contains contained by multi-framed image. The current any listener any container value of the signal strength level is mapped onto the proportional frame number. attributes type default res (modifiabl
    Figure US20080282142A1-20081113-P00899
    resource none The resource path of the PNG file
    path that holds all the states of the signal strength level. frames integer 1 The number of frames (side by side images) in the PNG file. The image width is therefore the real PNG width divided by the number of frames. The frame that is displayed depends on the current signal strength level. all attributes The default for w/h is to shrink in to fit the supplied image. If the type: visible image is not found, then w/h default as normal. If w/h are supplied, the image is aligned to the top left corner. <phonestatus> visible Draws a row of phone status icons. The icons are packed contains contained by together, and are drawn, left to any listener any container right, in the order specified in the include attribute. Use a blank image in order to reserve a space for an icon that is currently not visible. attributes type default res (modifiabl
    Figure US20080282142A1-20081113-P00899
    resource none The root folder for the
    path collection of icon images. For each capability specified by the include attribute, this element will look for a folder of the same name. Within that folder, this element will look for an image with a name equal to the current value of that capability. include list of none The names the status icons to semi-colon display. Each name is a separated capability and should have a capability folder under the root folder names specified by the res attribute. all attributes in type: visible
    Figure US20080282142A1-20081113-P00899
    indicates data missing or illegible when filed

Claims (12)

1. A method of rendering a user interface for a device, the method comprising the steps of
providing a plurality of actors, each of the plurality of actors being associated with a user interface element and comprising one or more attributes defining the respective actor;
providing a renderer to receive one or more attributes from one or more of the plurality of actors; and
rendering the user interface in accordance with the received attributes.
2. A method according to claim 1, wherein if an actor attribute is updated, the update is received by the renderer and the user interface is updated accordingly.
3. A method according to claim 2, wherein the an actor attribute is updated in response to a user update.
4. A method according to claim 2, wherein the updating of an attribute causes the formatting of a user interface element to change.
5. A method according to claim 2, wherein the updating of an attribute causes a user interface element to move within the user interface.
6. A method according to any preceding claim wherein the actor attributes comprise mark-up language and the renderer is a mark-up language renderer.
7. A data carrier comprising computer executable code for performing the method of any of claims 1 to 6.
8. A device comprising
a user interface, the user interface comprising one or more user interface elements;
a plurality of actors, each of the plurality of actors being associated with a user interface element and comprising one or more attributes; and
a renderer, the renderer being configured, in use, to interpret the attributes associated with one or more of the plurality of actors and to render the user interface accordingly.
9. A device according to claim 8, wherein the device further comprises display means for displaying the user interface.
10. A device according to claim 8 or claim 9, wherein the device further comprises a communications interface for receiving further actors for use in the rendering of the user interface.
11. A device according to any of claims 8 to 10, wherein the device further comprises storage means configured to store the plurality of actors.
12. A device according to any of claims 8 to 11, wherein the device further comprises processing means configured to operate the renderer.
US10/598,163 2004-02-19 2005-02-21 Rendering a User Interface Abandoned US20080282142A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB0403709.9 2004-02-19
GB0403709A GB2411331A (en) 2004-02-19 2004-02-19 Rendering user interface using actor attributes
PCT/GB2005/000627 WO2005081131A1 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-21 Rendering a user interface

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20080282142A1 true US20080282142A1 (en) 2008-11-13

Family

ID=32040027

Family Applications (7)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/598,167 Abandoned US20070300217A1 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-18 Data Container for User Interface Content Data
US10/598,169 Abandoned US20080037452A1 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-21 Method Supplying Content to a Device
US10/598,163 Abandoned US20080282142A1 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-21 Rendering a User Interface
US10/598,172 Active 2026-01-27 US8327289B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-21 Layered user interface
US10/598,171 Abandoned US20070266316A1 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-21 Display of Menu Items In a User Interface
US10/598,168 Active 2029-04-19 US8434016B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-21 Virtual file system
US13/618,650 Active 2027-09-22 US9454619B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2012-09-14 Layered user interface

Family Applications Before (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/598,167 Abandoned US20070300217A1 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-18 Data Container for User Interface Content Data
US10/598,169 Abandoned US20080037452A1 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-21 Method Supplying Content to a Device

Family Applications After (4)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/598,172 Active 2026-01-27 US8327289B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-21 Layered user interface
US10/598,171 Abandoned US20070266316A1 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-21 Display of Menu Items In a User Interface
US10/598,168 Active 2029-04-19 US8434016B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2005-02-21 Virtual file system
US13/618,650 Active 2027-09-22 US9454619B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2012-09-14 Layered user interface

Country Status (15)

Country Link
US (7) US20070300217A1 (en)
EP (7) EP1723520A2 (en)
JP (8) JP5282324B2 (en)
KR (6) KR101105177B1 (en)
CN (6) CN100462917C (en)
AR (6) AR047884A1 (en)
AU (6) AU2005215457A1 (en)
BR (6) BRPI0507701A (en)
CA (6) CA2555557A1 (en)
GB (1) GB2411331A (en)
IL (6) IL177208D0 (en)
PE (6) PE00872006A1 (en)
RU (6) RU2363039C2 (en)
TW (6) TW200622727A (en)
WO (7) WO2005081130A1 (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070195105A1 (en) * 2006-02-17 2007-08-23 Anu Koberg Dynamic wallpaper on mobile communication device
US20070266316A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2007-11-15 Butlin Stefan G Display of Menu Items In a User Interface
US20090241135A1 (en) * 2008-03-20 2009-09-24 Chi Hang Wong Method for creating a native application for mobile communications device in real-time
US20110107243A1 (en) * 2009-11-05 2011-05-05 International Business Machines Corporation Searching Existing User Interfaces to Enable Design, Development and Provisioning of User Interfaces
US20140035945A1 (en) * 2012-08-03 2014-02-06 Todd Anglin Computing device applications with an automatically adapting user interface
US20140136954A1 (en) * 2012-11-13 2014-05-15 International Business Machines Corporation Automatically Rendering Web or Hybrid Applications Natively
US20150067540A1 (en) * 2013-09-02 2015-03-05 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Display apparatus, portable device and screen display methods thereof
US10255121B1 (en) * 2012-02-21 2019-04-09 EMC IP Holding Company LLC Stackable system event clearinghouse for cloud computing

Families Citing this family (130)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SE412480B (en) * 1977-08-09 1980-03-03 Tornqvist Peter Johan Torsten Apparatus for displaying a number of images, notes oath messages
IL134035D0 (en) 2000-01-13 2001-04-30 Ronen Daniel A device, system and method for remote push-publishing of content onto display screens of mobile devices including a screen saver application
US7250939B2 (en) 2002-03-19 2007-07-31 Aol Llc Display motion multiplier
BRPI0611325A2 (en) 2005-05-31 2010-08-31 Qualcomm Inc refined control of z-order elements in an xml presentation
US20070027971A1 (en) * 2005-07-26 2007-02-01 Sunil Marolia Device management network with notifications comprising multiple choice prompts
GB0516763D0 (en) * 2005-08-16 2005-09-21 Ibm A method,system and computer program product for rendering a graphical user interface
US9998585B2 (en) * 2005-10-05 2018-06-12 SITO Mobile R&D IP, LLC Content selection and delivery of complementary information
WO2007083194A2 (en) 2005-10-20 2007-07-26 Virtual Reach Inc. Managing content to constrained devices
IL173663D0 (en) 2006-02-12 2006-08-01 Celltick Technologies Ltd System and method for displaying personalized content on personal cellular telecommunication devices
US20070260674A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2007-11-08 Research In Motion Limited Push framework for delivery of dynamic mobile content
IL176274D0 (en) 2006-06-13 2007-05-15 Celltick Technologies Ltd Web content distribution to personal cellular telecommunications devices
US8095923B2 (en) * 2006-06-29 2012-01-10 Augusta Systems, Inc. System and method for deploying and managing intelligent nodes in a distributed network
JP4761553B2 (en) * 2006-08-03 2011-08-31 キヤノン株式会社 Presentation device and control method
CN101123794B (en) * 2006-08-07 2012-01-04 华为技术有限公司 A method, system and client for locating operation node in communication system
US8433729B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2013-04-30 Sap Ag Method and system for automatically generating a communication interface
US8996487B1 (en) * 2006-10-31 2015-03-31 Netapp, Inc. System and method for improving the relevance of search results using data container access patterns
US7853691B2 (en) * 2006-11-29 2010-12-14 Broadcom Corporation Method and system for securing a network utilizing IPsec and MACsec protocols
IL180168D0 (en) 2006-12-19 2007-06-03 Celltick Technologies Ltd Mobile advertising packages for displaying advertisement display messages on personal cellular telecommunications devices
IL180542D0 (en) 2007-01-04 2007-07-04 Celltick Technologies Ltd Mobile advertising on personal cellular telecommunications devices
US7844915B2 (en) 2007-01-07 2010-11-30 Apple Inc. Application programming interfaces for scrolling operations
US7872652B2 (en) 2007-01-07 2011-01-18 Apple Inc. Application programming interfaces for synchronization
US7903115B2 (en) 2007-01-07 2011-03-08 Apple Inc. Animations
US20080168402A1 (en) 2007-01-07 2008-07-10 Christopher Blumenberg Application Programming Interfaces for Gesture Operations
US8656311B1 (en) * 2007-01-07 2014-02-18 Apple Inc. Method and apparatus for compositing various types of content
US8813100B1 (en) 2007-01-07 2014-08-19 Apple Inc. Memory management
US8225227B2 (en) * 2007-01-19 2012-07-17 Microsoft Corporation Managing display of user interfaces
CN101291402B (en) 2007-04-18 2011-06-15 深圳Tcl新技术有限公司 Method and device for combined using functional interface images
US8762984B2 (en) * 2007-05-31 2014-06-24 Microsoft Corporation Content distribution infrastructure
IL184963D0 (en) 2007-07-31 2008-01-06 Celltick Technologies Ltd Data collection and reporting of user activity of users of personal cellular telecommunications devices
US8139509B2 (en) * 2007-08-08 2012-03-20 Innopath Software, Inc. Installation and management of mobile device [{S]} configuration
US8884981B2 (en) * 2007-09-04 2014-11-11 Apple Inc. Dynamically reconfigurable graphics layer system and method
US20090119375A1 (en) * 2007-11-05 2009-05-07 Research In Motion Limited Method and system for optimizing delivery of mobile content using differential metadata updates
US20090150570A1 (en) * 2007-12-07 2009-06-11 Bo Tao Sharing Assets Between UPnP Networks
US20090150520A1 (en) * 2007-12-07 2009-06-11 David Garcia Transmitting Assets In UPnP Networks To Remote Servers
US20090150481A1 (en) * 2007-12-08 2009-06-11 David Garcia Organizing And Publishing Assets In UPnP Networks
US20090150480A1 (en) * 2007-12-08 2009-06-11 Xiyuan Xia Publishing Assets Of Dynamic Nature In UPnP Networks
US9313245B2 (en) * 2007-12-24 2016-04-12 Qualcomm Incorporated Adaptive streaming for on demand wireless services
DE112009000002T5 (en) 2008-03-04 2010-01-07 Apple Inc., Cupertino Processing touch events for web pages
US8645827B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2014-02-04 Apple Inc. Touch event model
US8416196B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2013-04-09 Apple Inc. Touch event model programming interface
US8717305B2 (en) 2008-03-04 2014-05-06 Apple Inc. Touch event model for web pages
JP2009267526A (en) * 2008-04-22 2009-11-12 Sharp Corp Method and device for displaying a lot of content as list
US20100011135A1 (en) * 2008-07-10 2010-01-14 Apple Inc. Synchronization of real-time media playback status
KR101297519B1 (en) 2008-08-08 2013-08-16 삼성전자주식회사 Method and system for submiting user content in dynamic contents delivery service
US8893035B2 (en) * 2008-09-17 2014-11-18 Accenture Global Services Limited Method, system and graphical user interface for configuring a simulator to simulate a plurality of devices
US8825462B2 (en) 2008-09-17 2014-09-02 Accenture Global Services Limited Method and system for simulating a plurality of devices
US8250477B1 (en) * 2008-11-04 2012-08-21 Sensei, Inc. Mobile client application for managing user interface components
US8677198B2 (en) 2009-03-04 2014-03-18 Alcatel Lucent Method and apparatus for system testing using multiple processors
US9311112B2 (en) 2009-03-16 2016-04-12 Apple Inc. Event recognition
US8566045B2 (en) 2009-03-16 2013-10-22 Apple Inc. Event recognition
US8566044B2 (en) * 2009-03-16 2013-10-22 Apple Inc. Event recognition
US8285499B2 (en) 2009-03-16 2012-10-09 Apple Inc. Event recognition
US9436482B2 (en) * 2009-03-25 2016-09-06 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Input content to application via web browser
US10025573B2 (en) * 2009-04-08 2018-07-17 Adobe Systems Incorporated Extensible distribution/update architecture
KR101053568B1 (en) * 2009-04-17 2011-08-03 가락전자 주식회사 How to operate PAS button
AU2010224397A1 (en) 2009-10-14 2011-04-28 Aristocrat Technologies Australia Pty Limited A gaming system and a method of gaming
EP2333628B1 (en) * 2009-12-04 2013-12-04 Umicore AG & Co. KG A system and method for system automation based on interpreting a tree sequence of operations
US9684521B2 (en) 2010-01-26 2017-06-20 Apple Inc. Systems having discrete and continuous gesture recognizers
TWI410867B (en) * 2010-03-24 2013-10-01 Acer Inc Method for installing application software
US8552999B2 (en) 2010-06-14 2013-10-08 Apple Inc. Control selection approximation
US20120036494A1 (en) * 2010-08-06 2012-02-09 Genwi, Inc. Web-based cross-platform wireless device application creation and management systems, and methods therefor
US8881056B2 (en) * 2010-08-30 2014-11-04 Sap Se Dynamic view computation and display
US9521174B2 (en) * 2010-10-19 2016-12-13 Paul Matthew Davidge Video script interpreter platform with cooperating client and server
US9026905B2 (en) * 2010-12-17 2015-05-05 Facebook, Inc. Customization of mobile applications using web-based technology
KR101864333B1 (en) * 2011-03-21 2018-07-05 삼성전자 주식회사 Supporting Method For Icon Change Function And Portable Device thereof
US8713056B1 (en) * 2011-03-30 2014-04-29 Open Text S.A. System, method and computer program product for efficient caching of hierarchical items
US9298363B2 (en) 2011-04-11 2016-03-29 Apple Inc. Region activation for touch sensitive surface
US20130019237A1 (en) * 2011-07-12 2013-01-17 Apple Inc. System and method for linking pre-installed software to a user account on an online store
US9319406B2 (en) 2011-07-12 2016-04-19 Apple Inc. System and method for linking pre-installed software to a user account on an online store
US9706006B2 (en) * 2011-07-19 2017-07-11 Infosys Limited System and method of context aware adaption of content for a mobile device
US8711116B2 (en) 2011-10-17 2014-04-29 Facebook, Inc. Navigating applications using side-mounted touchpad
US10051289B2 (en) 2011-11-04 2018-08-14 Qualcomm Incorporated Adaptive center band offset filter for video coding
US20130132302A1 (en) * 2011-11-18 2013-05-23 Black Hills Ip Holdings, Llc Systems, methods and interfaces in a patent portfolio management system
AU2012355474B2 (en) * 2011-12-23 2018-01-04 Airstrip Ip Holdings, Llc Systems and methods for developing multi-platform applications for computing devices
JP5230827B1 (en) * 2012-01-25 2013-07-10 キヤノン株式会社 Information processing apparatus, method thereof, and program
US8924799B2 (en) * 2012-04-16 2014-12-30 Yahoo! Inc. Method and system for providing a predefined content to a user
US20130286042A1 (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-31 Akihiko Ikeda Tile icon display
CN103455475B (en) * 2012-06-01 2016-12-14 腾讯科技(深圳)有限公司 Typesetting method, apparatus and system for
CN104487937A (en) * 2012-09-27 2015-04-01 惠普发展公司,有限责任合伙企业 Replacing virtual file system data structures deleted by a forced unmount
US9229632B2 (en) 2012-10-29 2016-01-05 Facebook, Inc. Animation sequence associated with image
US9607289B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2017-03-28 Facebook, Inc. Content type filter
US9684935B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2017-06-20 Facebook, Inc. Content composer for third-party applications
US9507483B2 (en) * 2012-11-14 2016-11-29 Facebook, Inc. Photographs with location or time information
US9547416B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2017-01-17 Facebook, Inc. Image presentation
US9507757B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2016-11-29 Facebook, Inc. Generating multiple versions of a content item for multiple platforms
US9218188B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2015-12-22 Facebook, Inc. Animation sequence associated with feedback user-interface element
US9606695B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2017-03-28 Facebook, Inc. Event notification
US9245312B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2016-01-26 Facebook, Inc. Image panning and zooming effect
US9547627B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2017-01-17 Facebook, Inc. Comment presentation
US9696898B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2017-07-04 Facebook, Inc. Scrolling through a series of content items
US9081410B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2015-07-14 Facebook, Inc. Loading content on electronic device
US9235321B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2016-01-12 Facebook, Inc. Animation sequence associated with content item
US9606717B2 (en) 2012-11-14 2017-03-28 Facebook, Inc. Content composer
CN102932483B (en) * 2012-11-19 2014-08-13 西北大学 Lightweight dynamic resource definition method
KR20140080216A (en) * 2012-12-20 2014-06-30 에스케이하이닉스 주식회사 Semiconductor memory system and operation method thereof
US20140282143A1 (en) * 2013-03-14 2014-09-18 Michael Matas Modifying Content of Components in a User Interface
US10229258B2 (en) 2013-03-27 2019-03-12 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Method and device for providing security content
KR20140119608A (en) * 2013-03-27 2014-10-10 삼성전자주식회사 Method and device for providing a private page
WO2014157894A1 (en) 2013-03-27 2014-10-02 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Display apparatus displaying user interface and method of providing the user interface
WO2014157885A1 (en) 2013-03-27 2014-10-02 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Method and device for providing menu interface
US9996246B2 (en) 2013-03-27 2018-06-12 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Device and method for displaying execution result of application
WO2014157893A1 (en) 2013-03-27 2014-10-02 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Method and device for providing a private page
WO2014157897A1 (en) 2013-03-27 2014-10-02 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Method and device for switching tasks
WO2014157908A1 (en) 2013-03-27 2014-10-02 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Device and method for displaying execution result of application
US9767190B2 (en) 2013-04-23 2017-09-19 Black Hills Ip Holdings, Llc Patent claim scope evaluator
US9733716B2 (en) 2013-06-09 2017-08-15 Apple Inc. Proxy gesture recognizer
US9710440B2 (en) * 2013-08-21 2017-07-18 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Presenting fixed format documents in reflowed format
WO2015061758A1 (en) * 2013-10-24 2015-04-30 Ryan Alexander Symbol matrix engine
US20150095849A1 (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-04-02 Microsoft Corporation Dialogs positioned with action visualization
CN103530338B (en) * 2013-10-01 2017-02-15 北界创想(北京)软件有限公司 A method for page rendering on the computing device to generate the page frame and
US9537903B2 (en) 2013-10-29 2017-01-03 At&T Mobility Ii Llc Method and apparatus for communicating between communication devices
CN103914223B (en) * 2014-03-21 2018-02-09 海尔集团公司 The generation method and device at terminal applies interface
CN105095216A (en) * 2014-04-22 2015-11-25 深圳市志友企业发展促进中心 Data assembling method and device and resource communication system
US20150339267A1 (en) * 2014-05-23 2015-11-26 Microsoft Corporation Guides on a content generation system
CN104090787A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-10-08 可牛网络技术(北京)有限公司 Starting method and starting device for home page of application software
CN104123376B (en) * 2014-07-29 2018-05-01 广东能龙教育股份有限公司 A kind of intelligent text collecting method and system based on row template
US9591120B2 (en) 2014-08-15 2017-03-07 Xiaomi Inc. Method and device for adding application badge
CN104238875B (en) * 2014-08-15 2018-07-24 小米科技有限责任公司 Application program footmark adding method and device
US9626336B2 (en) * 2014-08-22 2017-04-18 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Remote management of a graphical user interface
US9830307B1 (en) * 2014-12-11 2017-11-28 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Ahead of time compilation of content pages
US10007493B1 (en) * 2014-12-30 2018-06-26 EMC IP Holding Company LLC Event based validation
WO2016141016A1 (en) * 2015-03-03 2016-09-09 Olio Devices, Inc. System and method for automatic third party user interface
US20160321045A1 (en) * 2015-04-28 2016-11-03 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Compiler optimization of coroutines
US20170043459A1 (en) * 2015-08-13 2017-02-16 Raytheon Company Compliant fastener starter for simultaneous hardware installation
US10270671B2 (en) 2015-09-22 2019-04-23 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc External process user interface isolation and monitoring
CN106611581A (en) * 2015-10-22 2017-05-03 小米科技有限责任公司 A content display method and apparatus
US10321167B1 (en) 2016-01-21 2019-06-11 GrayMeta, Inc. Method and system for determining media file identifiers and likelihood of media file relationships
US10176080B2 (en) * 2016-09-19 2019-01-08 Grand Rounds, Inc. Methods and systems for content management and testing
CN106648743A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-05-10 广州视源电子科技股份有限公司 Initialization method and device for terminal
CN107479982A (en) * 2017-07-03 2017-12-15 福建网龙计算机网络信息技术有限公司 The method and terminal of a kind of data syn-chronization

Citations (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5694561A (en) * 1994-12-12 1997-12-02 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for grouping and manipulating windows
US6470381B2 (en) * 1998-04-08 2002-10-22 Access Co., Ltd. Wireless communication device with markup language based man-machine interface
US20030023953A1 (en) * 2000-12-04 2003-01-30 Lucassen John M. MVC (model-view-conroller) based multi-modal authoring tool and development environment
US20030200254A1 (en) * 2000-12-19 2003-10-23 Coach Wei Methods and techniques for delivering rich java applications over thin-wire connections with high performance and scalability
US20040046789A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-03-11 Angelo Inanoria Extensible user interface (XUI) framework and development environment
US20040061713A1 (en) * 2000-09-12 2004-04-01 Jennings Terry D. Mark-up language implementation of graphical or non-graphical user interfaces
US20040117439A1 (en) * 2001-02-12 2004-06-17 Levett David Lawrence Client software enabling a client to run a network based application
US20040148586A1 (en) * 2002-11-14 2004-07-29 Sap Ag Modeling system for graphic user interface
US20040158638A1 (en) * 2003-02-06 2004-08-12 Peters Jay R. St. Providing static and dynamic event data
US6791587B1 (en) * 2000-03-16 2004-09-14 International Business Machines Corporation Method and component for navigating a hierarchical user interface representation
US20040216054A1 (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-10-28 Ajit Mathews Method and apparatus for modifying skin and theme screens on a communication product
US20050021935A1 (en) * 2003-06-18 2005-01-27 Openwave Systems Inc. Method and system for downloading configurable user interface elements over a data network
US20050057560A1 (en) * 2003-09-17 2005-03-17 Viera Bibr System and method for building wireless applications with intelligent mapping between user interface and data components
US20050091576A1 (en) * 2003-10-24 2005-04-28 Microsoft Corporation Programming interface for a computer platform
US20050108648A1 (en) * 2003-02-28 2005-05-19 Olander Daryl B. Method for propagating look and feel in a graphical user interface
US6901441B2 (en) * 2000-07-12 2005-05-31 International Business Machines Corporation Knowledge sharing between heterogeneous devices
US7457822B1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2008-11-25 Bluearc Uk Limited Apparatus and method for hardware-based file system
US20130063479A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2013-03-14 Qualcomm Incorporated Layered user interface

Family Cites Families (82)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7685426B2 (en) * 1996-05-07 2010-03-23 Digimarc Corporation Managing and indexing content on a network with image bookmarks and digital watermarks
CA2157623C (en) 1994-09-20 1999-12-21 Lars Stig Sorensen Method and apparatus for dynamic radio communication menu
US6392640B1 (en) * 1995-04-18 2002-05-21 Cognitive Research & Design Corp. Entry of words with thumbwheel by disambiguation
US6829368B2 (en) * 2000-01-26 2004-12-07 Digimarc Corporation Establishing and interacting with on-line media collections using identifiers in media signals
JPH09222974A (en) * 1996-02-16 1997-08-26 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Language interpretation display method, device and system using the same
JPH09223062A (en) * 1996-02-16 1997-08-26 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Customization method for service offering form and server device applicable to execution of the customization method
EP0794647A1 (en) * 1996-03-06 1997-09-10 Philips Electronics N.V. Telephone with a display and menu management method for the same
JP3977910B2 (en) * 1997-12-19 2007-09-19 松下電器産業株式会社 User interface screen display device and user interface screen display method
US6300947B1 (en) * 1998-07-06 2001-10-09 International Business Machines Corporation Display screen and window size related web page adaptation system
EP0984631A1 (en) 1998-09-04 2000-03-08 THOMSON multimedia Apparatus and method for executing interactive TV applications on set top units
US6678891B1 (en) 1998-11-19 2004-01-13 Prasara Technologies, Inc. Navigational user interface for interactive television
SE521472C2 (en) * 1999-03-16 2003-11-04 Ericsson Telefon Ab L M A portable communication device with dynamic menu
JP2000299718A (en) * 1999-04-13 2000-10-24 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Portable telephone and audio apparatus
US6674439B1 (en) 1999-05-13 2004-01-06 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Information terminal device
EP1069500A1 (en) * 1999-07-12 2001-01-17 International Business Machines Corporation Downloadable user-interface
JP2001027944A (en) * 1999-07-14 2001-01-30 Fujitsu Ltd Device having menu interface and program recording medium
US6356933B2 (en) * 1999-09-07 2002-03-12 Citrix Systems, Inc. Methods and apparatus for efficiently transmitting interactive application data between a client and a server using markup language
AU2079701A (en) * 1999-12-08 2001-06-18 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Technique for configuring network deliverable components
JP2001188702A (en) 1999-12-28 2001-07-10 Hitachi Ltd Distributed file system and file operating method
US6757291B1 (en) 2000-02-10 2004-06-29 Simpletech, Inc. System for bypassing a server to achieve higher throughput between data network and data storage system
WO2001061508A1 (en) * 2000-02-17 2001-08-23 Digimarc Corporation Watermark encoder and decoder enabled software and devices
US6763382B1 (en) * 2000-03-17 2004-07-13 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for demand based paging algorithm
US6834312B2 (en) 2000-05-02 2004-12-21 Cadopener.Com 11C Method and apparatus for delivery of data over a network
AUPQ808700A0 (en) 2000-06-09 2000-07-06 Honeywell Limited Human-machine interface
JP2002032331A (en) * 2000-07-13 2002-01-31 Cross Head Kk System and method for contents distribution, copying machine having compound functions for contents distribution and user interface for copying machine having compound functions and portable information terminal, etc., used for the system
US7190976B2 (en) 2000-10-02 2007-03-13 Microsoft Corporation Customizing the display of a mobile computing device
US20020041292A1 (en) 2000-10-06 2002-04-11 Lg Electronics Inc. Method of displaying menus in mobile telephones
US6753892B2 (en) * 2000-11-29 2004-06-22 International Business Machines Corporation Method and data processing system for presenting items in a menu
US20020151327A1 (en) * 2000-12-22 2002-10-17 David Levitt Program selector and guide system and method
GB0100753D0 (en) 2001-01-11 2001-02-21 Bate Matthew Data system
US7073130B2 (en) 2001-01-31 2006-07-04 Microsoft Corporation Methods and systems for creating skins
JP3881179B2 (en) * 2001-02-14 2007-02-14 三菱電機株式会社 User interface design device
US7155681B2 (en) * 2001-02-14 2006-12-26 Sproqit Technologies, Inc. Platform-independent distributed user interface server architecture
US20020165999A1 (en) 2001-03-07 2002-11-07 Ajile Systems, Inc. Apparatus and method for interfacing hardware events with software events
DE20104839U1 (en) * 2001-03-20 2002-08-22 Agere Syst Guardian Corp Mobile phone with a device for storing downloaded data
JP4187948B2 (en) * 2001-04-27 2008-11-26 大日本印刷株式会社 Data input screen design method and its support system
JP2002342148A (en) 2001-05-11 2002-11-29 Sony Corp Server and method for providing virtual file system, file registering method, file registration program and program storage medium
US6714778B2 (en) * 2001-05-15 2004-03-30 Nokia Corporation Context sensitive web services
JP3638884B2 (en) 2001-05-15 2005-04-13 株式会社スーパーインデックス Information individual management system, information individual management method and an information individual management program
US7010758B2 (en) * 2001-05-21 2006-03-07 Leap Wireless International, Inc. Dynamically defined context sensitive jump menu
EP1262939B1 (en) 2001-05-31 2012-02-01 Nokia Corporation Method and apparatus for updating a frame buffer with reduced power consumption
KR20010070863A (en) 2001-06-14 2001-07-27 유선진 A computr network system and method for supplying a fitness education contents using portable information terminal
US6690395B2 (en) * 2001-06-25 2004-02-10 Dbtel Incorporated Progressively rolling animation display method on cellular phones
JP3818091B2 (en) * 2001-06-29 2006-09-06 東陶機器株式会社 Start-up structure of the water supply pipe to the sit-down toilet
US20030013483A1 (en) * 2001-07-06 2003-01-16 Ausems Michiel R. User interface for handheld communication device
JP2003032654A (en) * 2001-07-16 2003-01-31 Jisedai Joho Hoso System Kenkyusho:Kk Method and device for generating and presenting program associated contents
US8418065B2 (en) * 2001-07-16 2013-04-09 Nuance Communications, Inc. Method of and system for dynamically controlling during run time a multifunction peripheral (MFP) touch panel user interface (UI) from an external remote network-connected computer
US7234111B2 (en) * 2001-09-28 2007-06-19 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Dynamic adaptation of GUI presentations to heterogeneous device platforms
US7496645B2 (en) * 2001-10-18 2009-02-24 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Deployment of business logic software and data content onto network servers
KR100431509B1 (en) * 2001-12-20 2004-05-14 한국전자통신연구원 Apparatus for processing a method-embedded content and method thereof
US6957392B2 (en) * 2002-01-16 2005-10-18 Laszlo Systems, Inc. Interface engine providing a continuous user interface
JP4558255B2 (en) * 2002-01-28 2010-10-06 三菱電機インフォメーションテクノロジー株式会社 How to download display data to the emulator terminal
EP1333646A1 (en) * 2002-01-30 2003-08-06 Koninklijke PTT Nederland N.V. Access provider and server for offering an internet portal having a menu
GB2384878A (en) * 2002-01-31 2003-08-06 Hewlett Packard Co Authoring media content for dissemination over a network accessible by a variety of device types
WO2003067527A1 (en) 2002-02-06 2003-08-14 Digital Process Ltd. Three-dimensional shape displaying program, three-dimensional shae displaying method, and three-dimensional shape displaying device
DE60301726T2 (en) * 2002-02-07 2006-07-13 Qualcomm Cambridge Limited Method and device for providing contents for a mobile terminal
WO2003067427A2 (en) * 2002-02-07 2003-08-14 British Telecommunications Public Limited Company Graphical user interface
JP2003303152A (en) * 2002-02-08 2003-10-24 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Content transmission system
US7822806B2 (en) 2002-02-15 2010-10-26 Honeywell International Inc. Real-time data interface and method for browsers and the like
KR100475432B1 (en) * 2002-02-26 2005-03-10 삼성전자주식회사 method for design modification of Graphic User Interface and recorded media thereof
US6850255B2 (en) * 2002-02-28 2005-02-01 James Edward Muschetto Method and apparatus for accessing information, computer programs and electronic communications across multiple computing devices using a graphical user interface
AU2003225628A1 (en) * 2002-03-04 2003-09-22 Alexander Chan A method and system for publishing and accessing rich content via a wireless device
JP2003271508A (en) * 2002-03-14 2003-09-26 Ntt Comware Corp Contents conversion system for portable terminal and contents conversion method
US20030182626A1 (en) * 2002-03-22 2003-09-25 Eran Davidov On-demand creation of MIDlets
GB2402781A (en) * 2002-03-22 2004-12-15 Sun Microsystems Inc Mobile download system
EP1502079A2 (en) * 2002-04-30 2005-02-02 Telmap Ltd. Dynamic navigation system
AT420428T (en) 2002-05-08 2009-01-15 Ipoc Technologies Ag Wireless multimedia view indicator
US6973457B1 (en) * 2002-05-10 2005-12-06 Oracle International Corporation Method and system for scrollable cursors
JP2004005143A (en) * 2002-05-31 2004-01-08 D M L:Kk User interface system
DE10225316A1 (en) * 2002-06-06 2003-12-18 Philips Intellectual Property User interface display optimization method in which display window sizes or objects are optimized according to the their content, available space and selected preference rules
US7441047B2 (en) * 2002-06-17 2008-10-21 Microsoft Corporation Device specific pagination of dynamically rendered data
JP2004021893A (en) * 2002-06-20 2004-01-22 Sony Corp Portable information communication terminal, program and recording medium recording program
US20040075693A1 (en) 2002-10-21 2004-04-22 Moyer Timothy A. Compact method of navigating hierarchical menus on an electronic device having a small display screen
US8285727B2 (en) * 2003-03-06 2012-10-09 Thomson Licensing S.A. Simplified searching for media services using a control device
US20040261031A1 (en) 2003-06-23 2004-12-23 Nokia Corporation Context dependent auxiliary menu elements
CA2537359C (en) 2003-09-02 2010-11-23 Research In Motion Limited Method and data structure for user interface customization
US7480869B2 (en) 2003-10-31 2009-01-20 International Business Machines Corporation Method and apparatus for displaying status of hierarchical operations
KR100617827B1 (en) 2003-11-14 2006-08-28 삼성전자주식회사 Apparatus and method for displaying menu of hierarchy structures in mobile terminal equipment
US20050277432A1 (en) * 2003-11-26 2005-12-15 Viana Rodrigo B D Dynamic display generation for mobile communication devices
US7113981B2 (en) * 2003-12-29 2006-09-26 Mixxer, Inc. Cellular telephone download locker
US7480135B2 (en) * 2005-12-29 2009-01-20 Hong Fu Jin Precision Industry (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd. Computer enclosure with simple drive bracket
WO2007082190A2 (en) 2006-01-06 2007-07-19 Qualcomm Incorporated Apparatus and methods of selective collection and selective presentation of content

Patent Citations (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5694561A (en) * 1994-12-12 1997-12-02 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for grouping and manipulating windows
US6470381B2 (en) * 1998-04-08 2002-10-22 Access Co., Ltd. Wireless communication device with markup language based man-machine interface
US20030084121A1 (en) * 1998-04-08 2003-05-01 Adam De Boor Wireless communication device with markup language based man-machine interface
US6791587B1 (en) * 2000-03-16 2004-09-14 International Business Machines Corporation Method and component for navigating a hierarchical user interface representation
US6901441B2 (en) * 2000-07-12 2005-05-31 International Business Machines Corporation Knowledge sharing between heterogeneous devices
US20040061713A1 (en) * 2000-09-12 2004-04-01 Jennings Terry D. Mark-up language implementation of graphical or non-graphical user interfaces
US6717593B1 (en) * 2000-09-12 2004-04-06 Avaya Technology Corp. Mark-up language implementation of graphical or non-graphical user interfaces
US7219305B2 (en) * 2000-09-12 2007-05-15 Avaya Technology Corp. Mark-up language implementation of graphical or non-graphical user interfaces
US7900186B2 (en) * 2000-12-04 2011-03-01 International Business Machines Corporation MVC (Model-View-Controller) based multi-modal authoring tool and development environment
US20030023953A1 (en) * 2000-12-04 2003-01-30 Lucassen John M. MVC (model-view-conroller) based multi-modal authoring tool and development environment
US6996800B2 (en) * 2000-12-04 2006-02-07 International Business Machines Corporation MVC (model-view-controller) based multi-modal authoring tool and development environment
US20030200254A1 (en) * 2000-12-19 2003-10-23 Coach Wei Methods and techniques for delivering rich java applications over thin-wire connections with high performance and scalability
US20040117439A1 (en) * 2001-02-12 2004-06-17 Levett David Lawrence Client software enabling a client to run a network based application
US20040046789A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-03-11 Angelo Inanoria Extensible user interface (XUI) framework and development environment
US7457822B1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2008-11-25 Bluearc Uk Limited Apparatus and method for hardware-based file system
US7412658B2 (en) * 2002-11-14 2008-08-12 Sap Ag Modeling system for graphic user interface
US20040148586A1 (en) * 2002-11-14 2004-07-29 Sap Ag Modeling system for graphic user interface
US20040158638A1 (en) * 2003-02-06 2004-08-12 Peters Jay R. St. Providing static and dynamic event data
US20050108648A1 (en) * 2003-02-28 2005-05-19 Olander Daryl B. Method for propagating look and feel in a graphical user interface
US20040216054A1 (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-10-28 Ajit Mathews Method and apparatus for modifying skin and theme screens on a communication product
US7500198B2 (en) * 2003-04-25 2009-03-03 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for modifying skin and theme screens on a communication product
US20050021935A1 (en) * 2003-06-18 2005-01-27 Openwave Systems Inc. Method and system for downloading configurable user interface elements over a data network
US20050057560A1 (en) * 2003-09-17 2005-03-17 Viera Bibr System and method for building wireless applications with intelligent mapping between user interface and data components
US20050091576A1 (en) * 2003-10-24 2005-04-28 Microsoft Corporation Programming interface for a computer platform
US20130063479A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2013-03-14 Qualcomm Incorporated Layered user interface

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
3G Lab; Trigenix 2.0 Launch; "3G LAB Launches Trigenix 2.0 Mobile Interface"; http://web.archive.org/web/20030226014910/http://www.3g.co.uk/PR/Feb2003/4869.htm[4/20/2013 1:35:34 PM]; 4 pages *
3G Lab; Trigenix 2.0 Launch; "3G LAB Launches Trigenix 2.0 Mobile Interface"; http://www.3g.co.uk/PR/Feb2003/4869.htm; 4 pages *

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8327289B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2012-12-04 Qualcomm Incorporated Layered user interface
US20070266316A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2007-11-15 Butlin Stefan G Display of Menu Items In a User Interface
US20070283280A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2007-12-06 Butlin Stefan G Virtual File System
US20070288856A1 (en) * 2004-02-19 2007-12-13 Butlin Stefan G Layered User Interface
US9454619B2 (en) 2004-02-19 2016-09-27 Qualcomm Incorporated Layered user interface
US8434016B2 (en) * 2004-02-19 2013-04-30 Qualcomm Incorporated Virtual file system
US20070195105A1 (en) * 2006-02-17 2007-08-23 Anu Koberg Dynamic wallpaper on mobile communication device
US8365203B2 (en) * 2008-03-20 2013-01-29 Willflow Limited Method for creating a native application for mobile communications device in real-time
US20090241135A1 (en) * 2008-03-20 2009-09-24 Chi Hang Wong Method for creating a native application for mobile communications device in real-time
US20110107243A1 (en) * 2009-11-05 2011-05-05 International Business Machines Corporation Searching Existing User Interfaces to Enable Design, Development and Provisioning of User Interfaces
US8595236B2 (en) 2009-11-05 2013-11-26 International Business Machines Corporation Searching existing user interfaces to enable design, development and provisioning of user interfaces
US10255121B1 (en) * 2012-02-21 2019-04-09 EMC IP Holding Company LLC Stackable system event clearinghouse for cloud computing
US20140035945A1 (en) * 2012-08-03 2014-02-06 Todd Anglin Computing device applications with an automatically adapting user interface
US20140136954A1 (en) * 2012-11-13 2014-05-15 International Business Machines Corporation Automatically Rendering Web or Hybrid Applications Natively
US9471553B2 (en) * 2012-11-13 2016-10-18 International Business Machines Corporation Automatically rendering web or hybrid applications natively
US9910833B2 (en) 2012-11-13 2018-03-06 International Business Machines Corporation Automatically rendering web and/or hybrid applications natively in parallel
US20150067540A1 (en) * 2013-09-02 2015-03-05 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Display apparatus, portable device and screen display methods thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2007523420A (en) 2007-08-16
RU2006133383A (en) 2008-03-27
EP1721269A1 (en) 2006-11-15
AR047888A1 (en) 2006-03-01
CA2555995A1 (en) 2005-09-01
RU2363039C2 (en) 2009-07-27
US20070300217A1 (en) 2007-12-27
RU2383919C2 (en) 2010-03-10
JP2012155728A (en) 2012-08-16
CA2556294A1 (en) 2005-09-01
WO2005081131A1 (en) 2005-09-01
KR20070018042A (en) 2007-02-13
BRPI0507709A (en) 2007-07-03
US8327289B2 (en) 2012-12-04
EP1723563A1 (en) 2006-11-22
JP2007523419A (en) 2007-08-16
EP1723517A2 (en) 2006-11-22
AU2005215465A1 (en) 2005-09-01
RU2006133387A (en) 2008-03-27
CN100462917C (en) 2009-02-18
CA2556284A1 (en) 2005-09-01
IL177206D0 (en) 2006-12-10
US20070288856A1 (en) 2007-12-13
IL177207D0 (en) 2006-12-10
IL177205D0 (en) 2006-12-10
WO2005081505A8 (en) 2006-09-28
BRPI0507707A (en) 2007-07-03
PE00362006A1 (en) 2006-03-01
BRPI0507699A (en) 2007-07-24
TW200612275A (en) 2006-04-16
RU2006133385A (en) 2008-03-27
AU2005214404A1 (en) 2005-09-01
AR047883A1 (en) 2006-03-01
JP2007535025A (en) 2007-11-29
WO2005081101A2 (en) 2005-09-01
KR101105177B1 (en) 2012-01-12
IL177209D0 (en) 2006-12-10
AR047885A1 (en) 2006-03-01
CN1989762A (en) 2007-06-27
GB2411331A (en) 2005-08-24
TW200622902A (en) 2006-07-01
KR20070007106A (en) 2007-01-12
JP2007523418A (en) 2007-08-16
BRPI0507700A (en) 2007-07-03
EP1721443A1 (en) 2006-11-15
JP2007523421A (en) 2007-08-16
KR20070018043A (en) 2007-02-13
TW200540699A (en) 2005-12-16
EP1721241A2 (en) 2006-11-15
PE00352006A1 (en) 2006-02-11
US8434016B2 (en) 2013-04-30
CN1914596A (en) 2007-02-14
BRPI0507701A (en) 2007-07-03
RU2006133389A (en) 2008-03-27
WO2005081094A2 (en) 2005-09-01
US20130063479A1 (en) 2013-03-14
EP2249250A2 (en) 2010-11-10
RU2006133374A (en) 2008-03-27
WO2005081094A3 (en) 2007-05-10
WO2005081551A3 (en) 2005-11-03
PE00882006A1 (en) 2006-03-20
IL177210D0 (en) 2006-12-10
CN1922608B (en) 2010-05-26
KR20060134109A (en) 2006-12-27
WO2005081132A1 (en) 2005-09-01
JP5282324B2 (en) 2013-09-04
WO2005081130A1 (en) 2005-09-01
WO2005081505A1 (en) 2005-09-01
JP2007523417A (en) 2007-08-16
CN1922573A (en) 2007-02-28
AR047884A1 (en) 2006-03-01
US20070266316A1 (en) 2007-11-15
CN1989762B (en) 2011-03-02
RU2006133371A (en) 2008-03-27
PE00372006A1 (en) 2006-02-11
WO2005081101A3 (en) 2006-03-23
CN1922609A (en) 2007-02-28
TW200602953A (en) 2006-01-16
PE00892006A1 (en) 2006-03-23
CA2556285A1 (en) 2005-09-01
BRPI0507706A (en) 2007-07-03
EP2249250A3 (en) 2010-12-08
KR101146159B1 (en) 2012-05-25
AU2005214401A1 (en) 2005-09-01
KR101111943B1 (en) 2012-03-13
CA2555102C (en) 2013-02-05
CN1922852A (en) 2007-02-28
JP4891094B2 (en) 2012-03-07
AR047814A1 (en) 2006-02-22
CA2555557A1 (en) 2005-09-01
GB0403709D0 (en) 2004-03-24
US20080037452A1 (en) 2008-02-14
KR101105176B1 (en) 2012-01-12
JP4943865B2 (en) 2012-05-30
CN1922609B (en) 2013-07-10
JP2011248909A (en) 2011-12-08
AU2005214405A1 (en) 2005-09-01
PE00872006A1 (en) 2006-03-20
TW200622901A (en) 2006-07-01
US9454619B2 (en) 2016-09-27
IL177208D0 (en) 2006-12-10
EP1723520A2 (en) 2006-11-22
KR20060127207A (en) 2006-12-11
CN100549948C (en) 2009-10-14
AU2005214406A1 (en) 2005-09-01
KR101164833B1 (en) 2012-07-11
CN1922608A (en) 2007-02-28
CA2555102A1 (en) 2005-09-01
KR20070008564A (en) 2007-01-17
AR048022A1 (en) 2006-03-22
TW200622727A (en) 2006-07-01
WO2005081551A2 (en) 2005-09-01
US20070283280A1 (en) 2007-12-06
AU2005215457A1 (en) 2005-09-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7865868B2 (en) .NET ribbon model for a ribbon user interface
KR100801650B1 (en) Method for executing function in idle screen of mobile terminal
CA2713707C (en) Notification of mobile device events
US7907966B1 (en) System and method for cross-platform applications on a wireless phone
US7571189B2 (en) Method and apparatus to implement themes for a handheld device
JP5244911B2 (en) Dynamically updated virtual list view
US7441200B2 (en) Method and apparatus for designing, rendering and programming a user interface
JP4695875B2 (en) Apparatus and method for performing customized interactive computing services in a broadband network environment
EP1070288B1 (en) Wireless communication device with markup language based man-machine interface
EP0772824B1 (en) Object-oriented operating system enhancement for filtering items in a window
JP5350392B2 (en) Adaptive streaming for on-demand wireless services
US20060014523A1 (en) Method and appratus for providing content to a mobile terminal
US8566732B2 (en) Synchronization of widgets and dashboards
EP1193590B1 (en) Customizing the display of a mobile computing device
US8365203B2 (en) Method for creating a native application for mobile communications device in real-time
US8266550B1 (en) Parallax panning of mobile device desktop
Murphy The busy coder's guide to Android development
US20020107892A1 (en) Dynamic tree control system
US9104294B2 (en) Linked widgets
Komatineni et al. Pro Android 4
US20070061488A1 (en) System and method for flexible user interfaces
US20080016176A1 (en) System for development of games for mobile devices and distribution thereof
US6028602A (en) Method for managing contents of a hierarchical data model
US7665032B2 (en) Sidebar engine, object model and schema
US7536645B2 (en) System and method for customizing layer based themes

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: QUALCOMM INCORPORATED, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BUTLIN, STEFAN GEOFFREY;CLAREY, NICHOLAS HOLDER;BLAUKOPF, JACOB BENJAMIN;REEL/FRAME:019525/0790;SIGNING DATES FROM 20061024 TO 20061103

AS Assignment

Owner name: QUALCOMM INCORPORATED, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BUTLIN, STEFAN GEOFFREY;CLAREY, NICHOLAS HOLDER;BLAUKOPF, JACOB BENJAMIN;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:020053/0527;SIGNING DATES FROM 20071001 TO 20071008

AS Assignment

Owner name: QUALCOMM CAMBRIDGE LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM

Free format text: CORRECTIVE ASSIGNMENT TO CORRECT THE CORRECTIVE ASSIGNMENT TO CORRECT THE RECEIVING PARTY DATA PREVIOUSLY RECORDED ON REEL 016625 FRAME 0886. ASSIGNOR(S) HEREBY CONFIRMS THE CORRECT RECEIVING PARTY DATA;ASSIGNORS:BUTLIN, STEFAN GEOFFREY;CLAREY, NICHOLAS HOLDER;BLAUKOPF, JACOB BENJAMIN;SIGNING DATES FROM 20061024 TO 20061103;REEL/FRAME:028744/0863

Owner name: QUALCOMM CAMBRIDGE LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM

Free format text: CORRECTIVE ASSIGNMENT TO CORRECT THE CORRECT RECEIVING PARTY DATA PREVIOUSLY RECORDED ON REEL 020053 FRAME 0527. ASSIGNOR(S) HEREBY CONFIRMS THE CORRECT RECEIVING PARTY;ASSIGNORS:BUTLIN, STEFAN GEOFFREY;CLAREY, NICHOLAS HOLDER;BLAUKOPF, JACOB BENJAMIN;AND OTHERS;SIGNING DATES FROM 20070810 TO 20071001;REEL/FRAME:028744/0874

AS Assignment

Owner name: QUALCOMM INCORPORATED, CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:QUALCOMM CAMBRIDGE LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:029062/0871

Effective date: 20120928

STCB Information on status: application discontinuation

Free format text: ABANDONED -- FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION