US20040065111A1 - Field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon for cooling electronic components - Google Patents

Field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon for cooling electronic components Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US20040065111A1
US20040065111A1 US10267710 US26771002A US2004065111A1 US 20040065111 A1 US20040065111 A1 US 20040065111A1 US 10267710 US10267710 US 10267710 US 26771002 A US26771002 A US 26771002A US 2004065111 A1 US2004065111 A1 US 2004065111A1
Authority
US
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
compressor
thermosyphon
refrigeration module
packaged refrigeration
field replaceable
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
US10267710
Inventor
Ali Monfarad
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Oracle America Inc
Original Assignee
Oracle America Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/20Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating
    • H05K7/2029Modifications to facilitate cooling, ventilating, or heating using a liquid coolant with phase change in electronic enclosures
    • H05K7/20354Refrigerating circuit comprising a compressor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B1/00Compression machines, plant, or systems with non-reversible cycle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B25/00Machines, plant, or systems, using a combination of modes of operation covered by two or more of the groups F25B1/00 - F25B23/00
    • F25B25/005Machines, plant, or systems, using a combination of modes of operation covered by two or more of the groups F25B1/00 - F25B23/00 using primary and secondary systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B1/00Compression machines, plant, or systems with non-reversible cycle
    • F25B1/02Compression machines, plant, or systems with non-reversible cycle with compressor of reciprocating-piston type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B1/00Compression machines, plant, or systems with non-reversible cycle
    • F25B1/04Compression machines, plant, or systems with non-reversible cycle with compressor of rotary type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B23/00Machines, plant, or systems, with a single mode of operation not covered by groups F25B1/00 - F25B21/00, e.g. using selective radiation effect
    • F25B23/006Machines, plant, or systems, with a single mode of operation not covered by groups F25B1/00 - F25B21/00, e.g. using selective radiation effect boiling cooling systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/07Details of compressors or related parts
    • F25B2400/073Linear compressors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/21Modules for refrigeration systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2500/00Problems to be solved
    • F25B2500/01Geometry problems, e.g. for reducing size
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2500/00Problems to be solved
    • F25B2500/17Size reduction
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B39/00Evaporators; Condensers
    • F25B39/02Evaporators
    • F25B39/022Evaporators with plate-like or laminated elements

Abstract

A field and/or customer replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon is suitable for use in standard electronic component environments. The field replaceable packaged refrigeration module portion is self-contained and is specifically designed to have physical dimensions similar to those of a standard air-based cooling system, such as a fined heat sink or heat pipe. The field replaceable packaged refrigeration module is coupled to a thermosyphon and serves to lower the base temperature of the thermosyphon sub-system, thereby allowing intermittent operation of the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with the thermosyphon sub-system.

Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention relates to a refrigeration system for cooling electrical components. More particularly, the invention relates to a field and/or customer replaceable refrigeration module coupled to a thermosyphon that is suitable for use in standard electronic component environments. [0001]
  • BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Electronic components, such as microprocessors and other various integrated circuits, have advanced in at least two significant ways. First, feature sizes have moved into the sub-micron range thereby allowing larger numbers of transistors to be formed on a given surface area. This in turn has resulted in greater device and circuit density on the individual chips. Second, in part due to the first advance discussed above, microprocessors have increased dramatically in clock speed. At present microprocessor speeds of 2.5 Gigahertz are coming to market and the 3 and 4 Gigahertz range is rapidly being approached. [0002]
  • As a result of the advances in device density and microprocessor speed discussed above, heat dissipation, which has always been a problem in the past, is rapidly becoming the limiting factor in microprocessor performance. Consequently, heat dissipation and cooling is now the foremost concern and the major obstacle faced by system designers. [0003]
  • As noted, heat dissipation has long been recognized as a serious problem limiting the performance of electronic components and systems. In the past, the solutions to the heat dissipation problem have been mostly limited to air-based cooling systems, with only the most exotic military, scientific and custom electronic systems employing the bulky and costly prior art liquid-based cooling solutions. [0004]
  • In the prior art, air-based cooling systems, such as heat sinks, cooling fins, heat pipes and fans, have been the systems of choice for several reasons. First, the air-based cooling systems of the prior art were modular and self-contained and were therefore field replaceable with minimal effort using standard tools. Second, the prior art air-based cooling systems attached directly to the components that needed cooling and a discrete cooling unit could be provided for each heat source. In addition, air-based cooling systems were compact and simple in both operation and installation, with minimal parts to fail or break and minimal added system complexity. Therefore, prior art air-based cooling systems were reliable. In addition, and probably most importantly, in the prior art, air-based cooling systems could reasonably meet the cooling needs of electronic devices and systems so there was little motivation to move to the more complex and problematic liquid-based systems. However, as noted above, due to the advances in microprocessor speeds and device density, air-based cooling systems alone will most likely not be a viable option for electronic device cooling for the next generation of microprocessors. [0005]
  • As noted above, another possible prior art cooling system that could potentially provide the level of cooling required by the next generation of microprocessors is liquid-based cooling systems. Prior art liquid-based cooling systems typically used a refrigerant, such as R134A, that was circulated by a compressor. In prior art liquid-based cooling systems the compressor was typically a crankshaft reciprocating compressor or a rotary compressor similar to those used in home refrigerators. [0006]
  • As noted above, prior art liquid-based cooling systems have far more potential cooling capability than air-based systems. However, in the prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the crankshaft reciprocating or rotary compressors were typically, by electronics industry standards, very large, on the order of tens of inches in diameter, very heavy, on the order of pounds, and often required more power to operate than the entire electronic system they would be charged with cooling. In addition, the size and design of prior art liquid-based cooling systems often required that the major components of the prior art liquid-based cooling system be centrally located, typically remote from the electronic devices to be cooled, and that a complicated system of tubing or “plumbing” be used to bring the cooling liquid into thermal contact with the heat source, i.e., with the microprocessor or other integrated circuit. Consequently, unlike prior art air-based cooling systems, prior art liquid-based cooling systems were not modular, were not self-contained, and often required special expertise and tools for maintenance and operation. In addition, unlike the prior art air-based cooling systems discussed above, prior art liquid-based cooling systems did not attach directly to the components that needed cooling and a discrete cooling unit typically could not be provided for each heat source. Also, unlike the prior art air-based cooling systems discussed above, prior art liquid-based cooling systems were not compact and were not simple in either operation or installation. Indeed, prior art liquid-based cooling systems typically included numerous parts which could potentially fail or break. This added complexity, and threat of component failure, was particularly problematic with respect to the associated plumbing discussed above because a failure of any of the tubes could result in the introduction of liquid refrigerant into, or onto, the electronic devices and could cause catastrophic system failure. [0007]
  • In addition, prior art liquid-based cooling systems employed compressors that typically were highly orientation dependent, i.e., they could not operate at angles of more than 30 or 40 degrees. Consequently, prior art liquid based cooling systems were particularly ill suited for the electronics industry that stresses flexibility and often requires orientation independent operation. [0008]
  • Given that, as discussed above, air-based cooling systems have reached their operational limits when it comes to cooling electronic components, there is a growing realization that some other form of cooling system, such as liquid-based cooling systems will need to be adopted by the electronics industry. However, as discussed above, prior art liquid-based cooling systems are far from ideal and, thus far, the industry has not adopted liquid-based cooling in any meaningful way because the problems associated with prior art liquid-based cooling systems are still thought to outweigh the advantages these systems provide in terms of increased cooling capacity. [0009]
  • What is needed is a cooling system that has the cooling capacity and efficiency of a liquid-based cooling system yet has the advantages of being modular, simple, and compact like air-based cooling systems. [0010]
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • The present invention is directed to a field and/or customer replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon that is suitable for use in standard electronic component environments. According to the present invention, advances in compressor technology are incorporated in a field replaceable packaged refrigeration module that is coupled to a thermosyphon cold plate evaporator to be used for cooling electronic components. According to the invention, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module is self-contained and is specifically designed to have physical dimensions similar to those of a standard air-based cooling system, such as a fined heat sink or heat pipe. [0011]
  • In one embodiment of the invention, the addition of the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module to a thermosyphon serves to create a system wherein the thermosyphon is used to passively cool the heat source and the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module is used to lower, or maintain, the base temperature of the thermosyphon. Consequently, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module can be operated intermittently, on an as needed basis, to minimize the power used by the system and to minimize the wear and tear of the moving parts. The net result is the ability to manage and remove heat from the heat source while saving energy since the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module does not need to operate at all times. Consequently, the use of a thermosyphon with the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module allows for more cooling capability and more efficient cooling, lowered load on the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module, and a lower failure rate of the cooling system and its moving parts. [0012]
  • The present invention can be utilized in existing electronic systems and unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the various parts of the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention, including the very minimal tubing, are largely self-contained in the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon. Therefore a failure of any of the tubes would typically not result in the introduction of liquid into, or onto, the electronic devices and would not cause catastrophic system failure, as was the risk with prior art liquid-based cooling systems. [0013]
  • The field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the present invention is a modified liquid-based cooling system and therefore provides the cooling capacity of a prior art liquid-based cooling systems. However, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention is modular and largely self-contained and is therefore field and/or customer replaceable with minimal effort using standard tools. In addition, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling system, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention, in one embodiment, uses the passive, simple and low energy thermosyphon to perform the majority of the routine cooling, while providing the added cooling capacity of a liquid-based cooling system in the form of the intermittently operating field replaceable packaged refrigeration module. In another embodiment, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module is positioned directly over the main heat source, such as a CPU, while the thermosyphon is used for smaller heat sources or secondary cooling. In addition, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention is compact and simple in both operation and installation, with minimal parts to fail or break and minimal added complexity. Therefore, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention is sturdy and reliable. [0014]
  • In one embodiment of the invention, a single thermosyphon is coupled to a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module as a unit. In other embodiments of the invention, multiple thermosyphons are coupled to, and serviced by, a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module mounted in a central location. In this way, single or multiple heat sources can be serviced by a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module. [0015]
  • In addition, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module portion of the present invention is specifically designed to be operational in any orientation. Consequently, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module portion of the present invention can be mounted, and operated, at any angle. This makes the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the present invention particularly well suited for use with electronic systems. [0016]
  • As discussed briefly above, and in more detail below, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the present invention has the cooling capacity of a liquid-based cooling system and yet is modular, compact, simple in design and simple to use, like an air-based cooling system. Consequently, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the present invention can readily meet the cooling needs of the next generation of electronic devices and systems. As one example, when the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the present invention is used to cool a microprocessor or CPU, the CPU can operate at a higher frequency and speed, thereby allowing the parent electronic system to fully utilize the advances in microprocessor technology discussed above.[0017]
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The refrigeration system of the present invention will be described in the following detailed description, with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the drawings, the same reference numbers are used to denote similar components in the various embodiments. [0018]
  • FIG. 1 is a functional diagram of a field replaceable packaged refrigeration module designed according to the principles of one embodiment of the invention; [0019]
  • FIG. 2 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of an exemplary linear compressor that may be used in the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module depicted in FIG. 1 according to the principles of one embodiment of the invention; [0020]
  • FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a field replaceable packaged refrigeration module designed according to the principles of one embodiment of the invention; [0021]
  • FIG. 4 is cross sectional view of the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module of FIG. 3 shown mounted on an exemplary electrical component according to the principles of one embodiment of the invention; [0022]
  • FIG. 5 is a computer-generated representation of one embodiment of the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module of FIG. 3 according to the principles of one embodiment of the invention. [0023]
  • FIG. 6 is cross sectional view of one embodiment of a field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon according to the principles of the present invention. [0024]
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION
  • The field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon ([0025] 600 in FIG. 6) of the present invention has the advantageous cooling capacity of a prior art liquid-based cooling system, yet, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the present invention is suitable for use in standard electronic component environments.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, the addition of the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module ([0026] 660 in FIG. 6) to a thermosyphon (690 in FIG. 6) serves to create a system wherein the thermosyphon is used to passively cool the heat source (62 in FIG. 6) and the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module is used to lower, or maintain, the base temperature of the thermosyphon. Consequently, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module can be operated intermittently, on an as needed basis, to minimize the power used by the system and to minimize the wear and tear of the moving parts. The net result is the ability to manage and remove heat from the heat source while saving energy since the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module does not need to operate at all times. In another embodiment, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module is positioned directly over the main heat source, such as a CPU, while the thermosyphon is used for smaller heat sources or secondary cooling. Consequently, the use of a thermosyphon with the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module allows for more cooling capability and more efficient cooling, lowered load on the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module, and a lower failure rate of the cooling system and its moving parts.
  • The present invention can be utilized in existing electronic systems and unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the various parts of the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention, including the very minimal tubing ([0027] 694 and 696 in FIG. 6), are largely self-contained in the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon. Therefore a failure of any of the tubes would typically not result in the introduction of liquid into, or onto, the electronic devices and would not cause catastrophic system failure, as was the risk with prior art liquid-based cooling systems.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, a single thermosyphon is coupled to a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module as a unit. In other embodiments of the invention, multiple thermosyphons are coupled to, and serviced by a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module mounted in a central location. In this way, single or multiple heat sources can be serviced by a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module. [0028]
  • The field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the present invention is a modified liquid-based cooling system and therefore provides the cooling capacity of a prior art liquid-based cooling systems. However, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention is modular and self-contained and is therefore field and/or customer replaceable with minimal effort using standard tools. In addition, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling system, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention, in one embodiment, uses the passive, air cooled, and low energy thermosyphon to perform the majority of the cooling, while providing the added cooling capacity of a liquid-based cooling system in the form of the intermittently operating field replaceable packaged refrigeration module. [0029]
  • In addition, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention is compact and simple in both operation and installation, with minimal parts to fail or break and minimal added complexity. Therefore, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention is sturdy and reliable. [0030]
  • In addition, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module portion of the present invention is specifically designed to be operational in any orientation. Consequently, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module portion of the present invention can be mounted, and operated, at any angle. This makes the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the present invention particularly well suited for use with electronic systems. [0031]
  • FIG. 1 is a functional diagram of a field replaceable packaged refrigeration module [0032] 10 designed according to one embodiment of the invention. Referring to FIG. 1, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 10 includes a compressor 12, a condenser 14, an optional receiver 16, an expansion device 18 and an evaporator 20, all of which are connected together in refrigeration loop 22 through which a refrigerant, such as R134A, is circulated.
  • As also shown in FIG. 1, compressor [0033] 12, condenser 14, optional receiver 16, expansion device 18 and evaporator 20, in a refrigeration loop 22 are self-contained in field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 10, as indicated by dashed line 11.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, evaporator [0034] 20 is positioned in thermal contact with a heat source 24, such as an electronic component, or the base of a thermosyphon, as discussed below, which is to be cooled. As is well understood by those of ordinary skill in the art, compressor 12 compresses the refrigerant (not shown) into a high-pressure, high temperature liquid that is then conveyed to condenser 14. At condenser 14, the refrigerant is allowed to cool before being conveyed to receiver 16. From receiver 16, the refrigerant passes through expansion device 18, which may be, for example, a capillary tube, and into evaporator 20. The liquid refrigerant evaporates in evaporator 20 and in the process absorbs heat from heat source 24 to produce the desired cooling effect. From evaporator 20 the refrigerant is drawn back into compressor 12 to begin another cycle through refrigeration loop 22.
  • In accordance with the present invention, compressor [0035] 12 is one of several new generation compressors that are relatively small, on the order of 2.0 inches in diameter and 3 to 4 inches long. In one embodiment of the invention, compressor 12 is less than 1.7 inches in diameter and less than 4 inches long. One example of this new generation of compressors is the relatively new linear compressor now being used in the more standard refrigeration, i.e., non-electronics, industry. In one embodiment of the invention, compressor 12 is a linear compressor whose operation is controlled by drive circuit 26.
  • As discussed in more detail with respect to FIG. 2, a linear compressor is a positive displacement compressor having one or more free floating pistons that are driven directly by a linear motor. Thus, a linear compressor differs from a conventional reciprocating and rotary compressor where the pistons are driven through a crankshaft linkage, or by a rotary motor through a mechanical linkage, respectively. Since the capacity of any compressor is directly related to the size and displacement of the pistons, a linear compressor can typically be made smaller than a crankshaft reciprocating or rotary compressor but can maintain the same capacity since the displacement of the pistons is not dependent on the size of a mechanical linkage. In addition, since a linear compressor usually comprises fewer moving parts than a crankshaft reciprocating or rotary compressor, the linear compressor is typically quieter than a crankshaft reciprocating or rotary compressor. Furthermore, since the pistons of a double-piston linear compressor move in opposition to one another, the reaction forces of the pistons will cancel each other out and the vibrations that are commonly experienced with crankshaft reciprocating or rotary compressors will consequently be suppressed. Consequently, linear compressors offer many advantages over a crankshaft reciprocating compressor or a rotary compressor for application as compressor [0036] 12 in field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 10.
  • The linear compressors suitable for use as compressor [0037] 12 in field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 10 can be any of a variety of single, double or multiple-piston linear compressors that are known in the art. For example, in one embodiment of the invention, linear compressor 12 is a single-piston linear compressor of the type disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,993,178, which is hereby incorporated herein by reference, or a double-piston linear compressor of the type disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,089,836 or U.S. Pat. No. 6,398,523, all of which are hereby incorporated herein by reference.
  • Referring to FIG. 2, an exemplary linear compressor [0038] 120, suitable for use as compressor 12 in FIG. 1, comprises a housing 28, first and second cylinders 30, 32 which are connected to, or formed integrally with, housing 28, and first and second pistons 34, 36 which are slidably received within first and second cylinders 30, 32, respectively. The ends of housing 28 are, in one embodiment, hermetically sealed, such as by end plates 38. In addition, each cylinder 30, 32 has an axial centerline CL that is, in one embodiment, coaxial with that of the other cylinder. Furthermore, housing 28 is, in one embodiment, constructed of a magnetically permeable material, such as stainless steel, and pistons 34, 36 are optimally constructed of a magnetically indifferent material, such as plastic or ceramic.
  • In the embodiment of exemplary linear compressor [0039] 120 shown in FIG. 2, each piston 34, 36 is driven within its respective cylinder 30, 32 by linear motor 40. Each motor 40 includes a ring-shaped permanent magnet 42 and an associated electrical coil 44. In the embodiment of an exemplary linear compressor 120 shown in FIG. 2, magnet 42 is mounted within housing 28 and coil 44 is wound upon a portion of piston 34, 36. In one embodiment, magnet 42 is radially charged, and each motor 40 includes a cylindrical core 46 mounted within housing 28 adjacent magnet 42 to direct the flux lines (not shown) from magnet 42 across coil 44. In one embodiment, coil 44 is energized by an AC current, from drive circuit 26 (FIG. 1), over a corresponding lead wire (not shown). In one embodiment of the invention, drive circuit 26 is programmed such that, when the AC current is applied to coils 44 (FIG. 2), pistons 34, 36 will reciprocate toward and away from each other along the axial centerline CL of cylinders 30, 32. In another embodiment, DC current is applied. In one embodiment, spring 48, or similar means, may be connected between each piston 34, 36 and adjacent end plate 38 to aid in matching the natural frequency of piston 34, 36 to the frequency of the current from drive circuit 26 (FIG. 1).
  • The embodiment of an exemplary linear compressor [0040] 120 shown in FIG. 2 also includes a compression chamber 50 located within cylinders 30, 32, between pistons 34, 36. During the expansion portion of each operating cycle of linear compressor 120, motors 40 will move pistons 34, 36 away from each other. This will cause the then gaseous refrigerant within evaporator 20 (FIG. 1) to be drawn into compression chamber 50 (FIG. 2), through an inlet port 52 in housing 28. During the successive compression portion of the operating cycle of exemplary linear compressor 120, motors 40 will move pistons 34, 36 toward each other. Pistons 34, 36 will consequently compress the then gaseous refrigerant within compression chamber 50 into a liquid and eject it into condenser 14 (FIG. 1), through an outlet port 54 (FIG. 2) in housing 28. In one embodiment, suitable check valves 56, 58 are provided in inlet and outlet ports 52, 54, respectively, to control the flow of refrigerant through inlet and outlet ports 52, 54 during the expansion and compression portions of each operating cycle.
  • While a specific embodiment of a field replaceable packaged refrigeration module [0041] 10 is discussed above that includes exemplary linear compressor 120, those of skill in the art will recognize that the choice of a linear compressor, or any particular compressor, for use as compressor 12 in the discussion above was made for illustration simplicity and to avoid detracting from the invention by describing multiple specific embodiments at one time. In other embodiments of the invention appropriately sized rotary compressor, or other type of compressor, can be used as compressor 12. For instance, in various embodiments of the invention, compressor 12 can be: a reciprocating compressor; a Swash-plate compressor; a rolling piston compressor; a scroll compressor; a rotary vane compressor; a screw compressor; an aerodynamic-turbo compressor; an aerodynamic-axial compressor; or any other reciprocating, volumetric or aerodynamic compressor known in the art, or developed after this application is filed. Consequently, the present invention should not be read as being limited the particular embodiments discussed above using linear, or any specific, compressor types.
  • Consequently, the present invention should not be read as being limited the particular embodiments discussed above using linear, or any specific, compressor types. [0042]
  • In one embodiment of the invention, a single thermosyphon ([0043] 690 in FIG. 6) is coupled to a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 10 as a unit. In other embodiments of the invention, multiple thermosyphons (690 in FIG. 6) are coupled to, and serviced by a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 10 mounted in a central location. In this way, single or multiple heat sources can be serviced by a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module. In addition, according to the principles of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 10 can be readily adapted for use in cooling one or more integrated circuits that are mounted on a single circuit board and are part of a larger electronic system. For example, in many computer servers a number of integrated circuits are mounted on a single circuit board that, in turn, is housed within an enclosure/cabinet or “rack unit”, and a number of such rack units are, in turn, mounted in corresponding racks that are supported in the housing of the server.
  • In accordance with one industry standard, each rack unit has a height of only 1.75 inches. This fact makes use of prior art liquid-based cooling systems extremely difficult, if not impossible, and makes the extensive, and potentially disastrous, plumbing, discussed above, a system requirement. In contrast, a single, or even multiple, field replaceable packaged refrigeration modules [0044] 10, designed according to the principles of the invention, can be positioned within the housing of the server, and/or on the rack units, to directly cool the integrated circuits that are located within or on the rack units or to provide additional cooling for thermosyphons (690 in FIG. 6) cooling the integrated circuits that are located within or on the rack units. Consequently, in one embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration modules 10, designed according to the invention, are housed within a small scale-cooling unit that can be located within each rack unit and connected directly to cool each integrated circuit or thermosyphon as needed.
  • One example of a physical implementation of the functional diagram of a field replaceable packaged refrigeration module [0045] 10 of FIG. 1 is shown as field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 of FIG. 3, FIG. 4 and FIG. 5. As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, according to one embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 is positioned adjacent an integrated circuit 62 that is mounted on a circuit board 64 or a thermosyphon (690 in FIG. 6) mounted on integrated circuit 62 on a circuit board 64. As discussed above, in accordance with one embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 is sized such that, when positioned as shown in FIG. 4, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 will fit within a rack unit of a conventional computer server or a telecommunications rack. In one embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 has a length 301 (FIG. 3) of approximately 6 inches, a width 303 of approximately 4 inches, and a height 305 of approximately 1.75 inches. In another embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 has a length 301 of approximately 5 inches, a width 303 of approximately 4 inches, and a height 305 of approximately 1.75 inches. Of course, those of skill in the art will recognize that length 301, width 303 and height 305 of field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 can be varied to meet the needs of specific applications.
  • As shown in FIG. 3, in one embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module [0046] 60 includes a housing 66 which has generally open front and back sides 68, 70, a conventional air-cooled condenser 14, which is mounted within housing 66 between open front and back sides 68, 70, a compressor 12 which is connected to housing 66 by a suitable bracket 72, and an evaporator 20 which is connected to housing 66, below condenser 14. As discussed above, in one embodiment of the invention, compressor 12 is a linear compressor driven by a drive circuit (not shown) in a manner similar to that discussed above. In one embodiment of the invention, evaporator 20 is a conventional cold plate-type evaporator that is thermally coupled to the top of integrated circuit 62 (FIG. 4) by either custom or conventional means. As discussed in more detail below, in another embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 is coupled to the evaporator (620 in FIG. 6) of a thermosyphon (690 in FIG. 6) by either custom or conventional means. In one embodiment of the invention, condenser 14 is cooled by a flow of air from a system fan (not shown) that is mounted in the housing (not shown) of the server (not shown). In addition, in one embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 is connected to circuit board 64 with a number of standoffs 74 and screws 76.
  • During the normal operation of field replaceable packaged refrigeration module [0047] 60, relatively high-pressure liquid refrigerant from compressor 12 is conveyed through a conduit 76 to condenser 14. In one embodiment of the invention, the high-pressure liquid refrigerant is cooled in condenser 14 by the flow of air from a system fan (not shown). The refrigerant is then conveyed through a capillary tube 78 to evaporator 20. The refrigerant evaporates in evaporator 20 and in the process absorbs heat from integrated circuit 62 to thereby cool integrated circuit 62 (FIG. 4). The now gaseous refrigerant is then drawn back into compressor 12 through conduit 80. This cycle is then repeated as required to produce a desired cooling effect for integrated circuit 62.
  • FIG. 5 is a computer-generated representation of one embodiment of field replaceable packaged refrigeration module [0048] 60 of FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 and therefore represents a computer-generated representation of a physical implementation of the functional diagram of field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 10 of FIG. 1. Shown in FIG. 5 are: condenser 14; compressor 12; evaporator 20; and tubing 501. It is worth noting that tubing 501 is relatively minimal and, is therefore, a substantial improvement over the extensive “plumbing” associated with prior art liquid-based cooling systems. Indeed, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the various parts of field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 of the invention, including the very minimal tubing 501, are self-contained in field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 and therefore a failure of any of the tubes 501 would typically not result in the introduction of liquid into or onto the electronic devices (62 in FIG. 4) and would not cause the catastrophic system failure that was the risk associated with prior art liquid-based cooling systems.
  • As noted above, it is highly desirable to provide a cooling system that uses minimal power and has a large thermal inertia. In these applications, a passive refrigeration sub-system is coupled with the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module discussed above to yield a hybrid system that is more power efficient than the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module used alone. [0049]
  • FIG. 6 is cross sectional view of one embodiment of a field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon [0050] 600 according to the principles of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 6, according to one embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 is coupled by capillary tubing 694 to a cold plate evaporator 620 of a thermosyphon 690 positioned adjacent a heat source 62, such an integrated circuit or CPU. As discussed above, in accordance with one embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660, and field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon 600, is sized such that, when positioned as shown in FIG. 6, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 will fit within a rack unit of a conventional computer server or a telecommunications rack.
  • As shown in FIG. 6, in one embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module [0051] 660 includes a conventional air-cooled condenser 614 coupled to a compressor 612 by tubing 696. As discussed above, in one embodiment of the invention, compressor 612 is a linear compressor driven by a drive circuit (not shown) in a manner similar to that discussed above. In one embodiment of the invention, condenser 614 is cooled by a flow of air from a system fan (not shown) that is mounted in the housing (not shown) of the server (not shown).
  • As also shown in FIG. 6, thermosyphon [0052] 690 includes a cold-plate evaporator 620. In one embodiment of the invention, cold-plate evaporator 620 is a conventional cold plate-type evaporator that is thermally coupled to the top of heat source 62 by conventional means. As shown in FIG. 6, in one embodiment of the invention, thermosyphon 690 also includes: an evaporator 691, holding a refrigerant or working fluid 692 such as R134A, water or a dielectric coolant; thermosyphon condenser 695 coupled to evaporator 691 by tubing 693.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, cold plate evaporator [0053] 620 of thermosyphon 690 is coupled to field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 by capillary tubes 694. Thermosyphons, such as thermosyphon 690, and their operation is well known in the art. Therefore, a detailed description of thermosyphon 690 is omitted here to avoid detracting from the invention.
  • The addition of the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module [0054] 660 to thermosyphon 690 serves to create a system 600 wherein thermosyphon 690 is used to passively cool heat source 62 and field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 is used to lower, or maintain, the base temperature of thermosyphon 690. Consequently, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 can be operated intermittently, on an as needed basis, to minimize the power used by field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon 600 and to minimize the wear and tear of the moving parts. The net result is the ability to manage and remove heat from heat source 62 while saving energy since field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 does not need to operate at all times.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, a temperature sensor (not shown) is used to monitor the temperature of a component, such as cold plate evaporator [0055] 620 of thermosyphon 690 or a surface of heat source 62. In one embodiment of the invention, when a predetermined “maximum” base temperature is exceeded, compressor 612 of field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 is started, typically via a switch (not shown), and field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 operates until the base temperature of thermosyphon 690 is lowered to a predetermined level. Consequently, the use of thermosyphon 690 with field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 allows for more cooling capability and more efficient cooling, lowered load on field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660, and a lower failure rate of field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon 600 and its moving parts.
  • In another embodiment of the invention, heat source [0056] 62 is a microprocessor whose activity is monitored by a monitoring device implemented in hardware or software (not shown). In this embodiment of the invention, when a predetermined activity level for the processor is reached, compressor 612 of field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 is started, typically via a switch (not shown), and field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 operates until the activity level of the processor drops below a predetermined level. Consequently, in this embodiment of the invention, field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon 600 tries to anticipate cooling needs and operates to provide the thermal reservoir to handle increases in activity before the heat is produced. Therefore, thermal spikes, and potential thermal damage to the processor and its performance are avoided.
  • In one embodiment of the invention, a single thermosyphon [0057] 690 is coupled to a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 as a unit 600. In other embodiments of the invention, multiple thermosyphons 690 are coupled to, and serviced by, a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 660 mounted in a central location. In this way, single or multiple heat sources 62 can be serviced by a single field replaceable packaged refrigeration module.
  • As discussed above, the present invention is directed to a field and/or customer replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon that is suitable for use in standard electronic component environments. The field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention is largely self-contained and is specifically designed to have physical dimensions similar to those of a standard air-based cooling system, such as a fined heat sink or heat pipe. As a result, the present invention can be utilized in existing electronic systems without the need for board or rack/cabinet modification or the “plumbing” associated with prior art liquid-based cooling systems. [0058]
  • As also discussed above, the use of a field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with a thermosyphon serves to lower the base temperature of the thermosyphon and so allows intermittent operation of the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module. The net result is the ability to manage and remove heat from the heat source while saving energy since the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module does not need to operate at all times. Consequently, the use of a thermosyphon with the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module allows for more efficient cooling, lowered load on the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module, and a lower failure rate of the cooling system and its moving parts. [0059]
  • In addition, since the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention is a modified liquid-based cooling system, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention provides the cooling capacity of prior art liquid-based cooling systems. However, like prior art air-based cooling systems, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the invention is modular and largely self-contained and is therefore field and/or customer replaceable with minimal effort using standard tools. [0060]
  • In addition, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module used with the present invention is self contained and specifically designed to be operational in any orientation. Consequently, unlike prior art liquid-based cooling systems, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module portion of the present invention can be mounted, and operated, at any angle. This makes the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the present invention particularly well suited for use with electronic systems. [0061]
  • As a result of the features of the present invention discussed in detail above, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the present invention provides the cooling capacity of a liquid-based cooling system and yet is modular, compact, simple in design, and simple to use, like an air-based cooling system. Consequently, the field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of the present invention can meet the cooling needs of the next generation of electronic devices and systems and can make further speed and device density improvements in microprocessor design a workable possibility. [0062]
  • It should be recognized that, while the present invention has been described in relation to the specific embodiments thereof discussed above, those skilled in the art may develop a wide variation of structural and operational details without departing from the principles of the invention. [0063]
  • As one example, the choice of a linear compressor, or any particular linear compressor, for use as compressor [0064] 612 in the discussion above was made for illustration simplicity and to avoid detracting from the invention by describing multiple specific embodiments at one time. In other embodiments of the invention, appropriately sized rotary compressors, or other compressors, can be used as compressor 612. For instance, in various embodiments of the invention, compressor 612 can be: a reciprocating compressor; a swash-plate compressor; a rolling piston compressor; a scroll compressor; a rotary vane compressor; a screw compressor; an aerodynamic-turbo compressor; an aerodynamic-axial compressor; or any other reciprocating, volumetric or aerodynamic compressor known in the art, or developed after this application is filed. Consequently, the present invention should not be read as being limited the particular embodiments discussed above using linear, or any specific, compressor types.
  • As another example, specific dimensions were discussed above as examples of possible values for length [0065] 301, width 303 and height 305 of field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 or 660. Those of skill in the art will recognize that length 301, width 303 and height 305 of field replaceable packaged refrigeration module 60 or 660 can be varied for specific applications and that the present invention should not be read as being limited the particular embodiments discussed above with the particular dimensions discussed by way of illustration.

Claims (40)

    What is claimed is:
  1. 1. A packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon for cooling electronic components, said packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon comprising:
    a packaged refrigeration module, said packaged refrigeration module comprising:
    a packaged refrigeration module housing;
    refrigerant;
    a compressor;
    a condenser; and
    an expansion device; wherein,
    said compressor, said condenser, and said expansion device are coupled together in a refrigeration loop within said packaged refrigeration module housing and said refrigerant is contained within said refrigeration loop such that said packaged refrigeration module is a self-contained module; and
    a thermosyphon, said thermosyphon being operatively coupled to said packaged refrigeration module refrigeration loop.
  2. 2. The packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of claim 1; wherein,
    said packaged refrigeration module has a width of approximately 4 inches, a length of approximately 5 inches and a height of approximately 1.75 inches.
  3. 3. The packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of claim 1; wherein,
    said compressor is a single piston linear compressor.
  4. 4. The packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of claim 1; wherein,
    said compressor is a dual-piston linear compressor.
  5. 5. The packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of claim 1; wherein,
    said compressor is a multi-piston linear compressor.
  6. 6. The packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of claim 1; wherein,
    said compressor is a rotary compressor.
  7. 7. The packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of claim 1; wherein,
    said compressor is a reciprocating compressor.
  8. 8. The packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of claim 1; wherein,
    said compressor is a rolling piston compressor.
  9. 9. The packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of claim 1; wherein,
    said compressor is a rotary vane compressor.
  10. 10. The packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of claim 1; wherein,
    said compressor is a screw compressor.
  11. 11. The packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of claim 1; wherein,
    said compressor is a swash-plate compressor.
  12. 12. The packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon of claim 1; wherein,
    said compressor is a scroll compressor.
  13. 13. A circuit board, said circuit board comprising:
    at least one electronic component;
    a packaged refrigeration module for cooling said electronic component, said packaged refrigeration module comprising:
    a packaged refrigeration module housing;
    refrigerant;
    a compressor;
    a condenser;
    an expansion device; wherein,
    said compressor, said condenser and said expansion device are coupled together in a refrigeration loop within said packaged refrigeration module housing and said refrigerant is contained within said refrigeration loop such that said packaged refrigeration module is a self-contained module; and
    a thermosyphon, said thermosyphon being operatively coupled to said packaged refrigeration module refrigeration loop; wherein,
    said thermosyphon includes a thermosyphon evaporator cold-plate, said thermosyphon evaporator cold-plate being mounted directly over a first surface of said electronic component.
  14. 14. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said packaged refrigeration module has a width of approximately 4 inches, a length of approximately 5 inches and a height of approximately 1.75 inches
  15. 15. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said compressor is a single piston linear compressor.
  16. 16. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said compressor is a dual-piston linear compressor.
  17. 17. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said compressor is a multi-piston linear compressor.
  18. 18. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said compressor is a rotary compressor.
  19. 19. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said compressor is a reciprocating compressor.
  20. 20. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said compressor is a rolling piston compressor.
  21. 21. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said compressor is a rotary vane compressor.
  22. 22. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said compressor is a screw compressor.
  23. 23. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said compressor is a swash-plate compressor.
  24. 24. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said compressor is a scroll compressor.
  25. 25. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said electronic component is an integrated circuit.
  26. 26. The circuit board of claim 13; wherein,
    said electronic component is a microprocessor.
  27. 27. An electronic system, said electronic system comprising:
    a rack unit, said rack unit comprising:
    at least one electronic component;
    a packaged refrigeration module, said packaged refrigeration module comprising:
    a packaged refrigeration module housing;
    refrigerant;
    a compressor;
    a condenser;
    an expansion device; wherein,
    said compressor, said condenser, and said expansion device are coupled together in a refrigeration loop within said packaged refrigeration module housing and said refrigerant is contained within said refrigeration loop such that said packaged refrigeration module is a self-contained module; and
    a thermosyphon, said thermosyphon being operatively coupled to said packaged refrigeration module refrigeration loop; wherein,
    said thermosyphon includes a thermosyphon evaporator cold-plate, said thermosyphon evaporator cold-plate mounted directly over a first surface of said electronic component.
  28. 28. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said packaged refrigeration module has a width of approximately 4 inches, a length of approximately 5 inches and a height of approximately 1.75 inches.
  29. 29. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said compressor is a single piston linear compressor.
  30. 30. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said compressor is a dual-piston linear compressor.
  31. 31. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said compressor is a multi-piston linear compressor.
  32. 32. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said compressor is a rotary compressor.
  33. 33. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said compressor is a reciprocating compressor.
  34. 34. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said compressor is a rolling piston compressor.
  35. 35. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said compressor is a rotary vane compressor.
  36. 36. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said compressor is a screw compressor.
  37. 37. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said compressor is a swash-plate compressor.
  38. 38. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said compressor is a scroll compressor.
  39. 39. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said electronic component is an integrated circuit.
  40. 40. The electronic system of claim 27; wherein,
    said electronic component is a microprocessor.
US10267710 2002-10-08 2002-10-08 Field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon for cooling electronic components Abandoned US20040065111A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10267710 US20040065111A1 (en) 2002-10-08 2002-10-08 Field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon for cooling electronic components

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10267710 US20040065111A1 (en) 2002-10-08 2002-10-08 Field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon for cooling electronic components

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20040065111A1 true true US20040065111A1 (en) 2004-04-08

Family

ID=32042838

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10267710 Abandoned US20040065111A1 (en) 2002-10-08 2002-10-08 Field replaceable packaged refrigeration module with thermosyphon for cooling electronic components

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US20040065111A1 (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2006063277A2 (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-15 Intel Corporation Systems to cool multiple electrical components
US20060187639A1 (en) * 2005-02-23 2006-08-24 Lytron, Inc. Electronic component cooling and interface system
US20070220910A1 (en) * 2004-02-09 2007-09-27 Uwe Schierhorn Refrigeration Installation and Method for Operating a Refrigeration Installation
US20100128436A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-05-27 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for cooling electronics
CN103162488A (en) * 2011-12-14 2013-06-19 Lg电子株式会社 Refrigerator, thermosyphon, and solenoid valve and method for controlling the same
US20130213075A1 (en) * 2012-02-21 2013-08-22 Thermal Corp. Electronics cabinet and rack cooling system and method
US9423192B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2016-08-23 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Heat spreading device and method with sectioning forming multiple chambers
WO2016134268A1 (en) * 2015-02-19 2016-08-25 J R Thermal LLC Intermittent thermosyphon

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5412952A (en) * 1992-05-25 1995-05-09 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Pulse tube refrigerator
US5442923A (en) * 1992-11-12 1995-08-22 Licentia Patent-Verwaltungs-Gmbh Rotary compressor or rotary displacement pump
US5653909A (en) * 1994-11-30 1997-08-05 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Refrigerating machine oil composition for use with HFC refrigerant
US5859763A (en) * 1995-12-23 1999-01-12 Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute Multi chip module cooling apparatus
US5927088A (en) * 1996-02-27 1999-07-27 Shaw; David N. Boosted air source heat pump
US6148635A (en) * 1998-10-19 2000-11-21 The Board Of Trustees Of The University Of Illinois Active compressor vapor compression cycle integrated heat transfer device
US6205796B1 (en) * 1999-03-29 2001-03-27 International Business Machines Corporation Sub-dew point cooling of electronic systems
US6388882B1 (en) * 2001-07-19 2002-05-14 Thermal Corp. Integrated thermal architecture for thermal management of high power electronics
US6591621B2 (en) * 1997-08-14 2003-07-15 Bristol Compressors, Inc. Two stage reciprocating compressors and associated HVAC systems and methods

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5412952A (en) * 1992-05-25 1995-05-09 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Pulse tube refrigerator
US5442923A (en) * 1992-11-12 1995-08-22 Licentia Patent-Verwaltungs-Gmbh Rotary compressor or rotary displacement pump
US5653909A (en) * 1994-11-30 1997-08-05 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Refrigerating machine oil composition for use with HFC refrigerant
US5859763A (en) * 1995-12-23 1999-01-12 Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute Multi chip module cooling apparatus
US5927088A (en) * 1996-02-27 1999-07-27 Shaw; David N. Boosted air source heat pump
US6591621B2 (en) * 1997-08-14 2003-07-15 Bristol Compressors, Inc. Two stage reciprocating compressors and associated HVAC systems and methods
US6148635A (en) * 1998-10-19 2000-11-21 The Board Of Trustees Of The University Of Illinois Active compressor vapor compression cycle integrated heat transfer device
US6205796B1 (en) * 1999-03-29 2001-03-27 International Business Machines Corporation Sub-dew point cooling of electronic systems
US6388882B1 (en) * 2001-07-19 2002-05-14 Thermal Corp. Integrated thermal architecture for thermal management of high power electronics

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070220910A1 (en) * 2004-02-09 2007-09-27 Uwe Schierhorn Refrigeration Installation and Method for Operating a Refrigeration Installation
WO2006063277A2 (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-15 Intel Corporation Systems to cool multiple electrical components
US20060126294A1 (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-15 Barrett Faneuf Systems to cool multiple electrical components
WO2006063277A3 (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-11-16 Intel Corp Systems to cool multiple electrical components
US7149086B2 (en) 2004-12-10 2006-12-12 Intel Corporation Systems to cool multiple electrical components
US20060187639A1 (en) * 2005-02-23 2006-08-24 Lytron, Inc. Electronic component cooling and interface system
US7796389B2 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-09-14 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for cooling electronics
US20100128436A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-05-27 General Electric Company Method and apparatus for cooling electronics
US9423192B2 (en) 2009-05-18 2016-08-23 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Heat spreading device and method with sectioning forming multiple chambers
CN103162488A (en) * 2011-12-14 2013-06-19 Lg电子株式会社 Refrigerator, thermosyphon, and solenoid valve and method for controlling the same
US9897365B2 (en) 2011-12-14 2018-02-20 Lg Electronics Inc. Refrigerator, thermosyphon, and solenoid valve and method for controlling the same
US20130213075A1 (en) * 2012-02-21 2013-08-22 Thermal Corp. Electronics cabinet and rack cooling system and method
WO2016134268A1 (en) * 2015-02-19 2016-08-25 J R Thermal LLC Intermittent thermosyphon

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3476175A (en) Vapor-phase cooling of electronic components
US6019165A (en) Heat exchange apparatus
US4546619A (en) Mechanical cooler for electronics
US6972365B2 (en) Thermal management system and method for electronics system
US20110277967A1 (en) Liquid cooled condensers for loop heat pipe like enclosure cooling
US5471850A (en) Refrigeration system and method for very large scale integrated circuits
US6508301B2 (en) Cold plate utilizing fin with evaporating refrigerant
US20020075652A1 (en) CPU cooling device using thermo-siphon
US6967841B1 (en) Cooling assembly for electronics drawer using passive fluid loop and air-cooled cover
US20030147216A1 (en) Method, apparatus, and system for cooling electronic components
US20070074537A1 (en) Sub-cooling unit for cooling system and method
US6845622B2 (en) Phase-change refrigeration apparatus with thermoelectric cooling element and methods
US20080259566A1 (en) Efficiently cool data centers and electronic enclosures using loop heat pipes
US20060161311A1 (en) Cooling assist module
US20020185262A1 (en) Single or dual buss thermal transfer system
US6144553A (en) Refrigeration cooled disk storage assembly
US20110197612A1 (en) Hybrid air and liquid coolant conditioning unit for facilitating cooling of one or more electronics racks of a data center
US7077189B1 (en) Liquid cooled thermosiphon with flexible coolant tubes
US6345512B1 (en) Power efficient, compact DC cooling system
US7715194B2 (en) Methodology of cooling multiple heat sources in a personal computer through the use of multiple fluid-based heat exchanging loops coupled via modular bus-type heat exchangers
US20070121295A1 (en) Hybrid liquid-air cooled module
US20030205364A1 (en) Method and apparatus for dissipating heat from an electronic device
US7349213B2 (en) Coolant control unit, and cooled electronics system and method employing the same
US20090262495A1 (en) High efficiency heat removal system for rack mounted computer equipment
US7342787B1 (en) Integrated circuit cooling apparatus and method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: SUN MICROSYSTEMS, INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MONFARAD, ALI HEYDARI;REEL/FRAME:013379/0921

Effective date: 20021001