US1987548A - Heater - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1987548A
US1987548A US617897A US61789732A US1987548A US 1987548 A US1987548 A US 1987548A US 617897 A US617897 A US 617897A US 61789732 A US61789732 A US 61789732A US 1987548 A US1987548 A US 1987548A
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Prior art keywords
chamber
casing
opening
tubes
partition
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Expired - Lifetime
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US617897A
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Brooks Arthur
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Brooks Arthur
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B5/00Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges
    • F24B5/02Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges in or around stoves

Description

A. BROOKS Jan. 8, 1935.
HEATER 5 Sheets-Sheet l Fi led June 17, 1932 lllb'.
' Invenlar 7 272 ur firaafis,
A. BROOKS Jan. 8, 1935.
HEATER Filed June 17, 1932 s Sheets-Sheet 2 quill lllllllllll an n u u n .ranil flllomey products of combustion may pass outwardly. from heat. If desired arrangement may be made:
claims; It will be obvious thata gaseous fuel.
1 manner described.
tained. 1 1
which rise from the charge in the inner annulus 28 through the space between the annuli 27, 28 and into the burning fuel on the grate, which gases are largely composed of products of partial combustion of the fuel charge in the inner annulus 28, whereby the intensity of the combustion in the combustion chamber or fire-pot of the stove is favorably influenced, and economy in fuel secured.
Surrounding. the back and two, sides of the casing is 'afseries of [spaced jverticalitubular cOnduit's BI. Thesehave their lower ends communicated with a chamber 32 which is coexr;
, rearwardly extending portion of said upper and tensive with the bottom '7 of the casing and TOWBI Chambers at the back of the s a fl projects therebeyond at all sides. The front end'E: of-the chamber 32 is provided with a,removabl e closure 33 for cleaning purposes. "The upper'ends of the conduits 31 at the back'offthe'.casingfare'zi: communicated with the chamber 35 which exv tends on the back of the stove and therebeyond at the upper end thereof andwhich is .consti-v tiited by theiannulus 2111, the topgenerally des-f. ig-nated ZI, 'and the partition 22'; '7 The partition:-
'22, 1atthefrear of the upper part of the casing,
is providedwith alongitudinal opening 36 which; communicatesthe chamber35 with the interior of;,.the'- casing, The conduits 31 at the opposite; side's'of the casing extendbetween andconnect: the overhanging sides of the. top or the. casing and of the chamber 32 so that gases and other;
the interior: of the casing and downwardly through the side conduits 31 into the lower chamber 32 and upwardly through theback conduits 31 to' the chimney opening at the back gases andproducts of combustion-heats theconduits 31 w hich,- in turn, radiate the heattoteifi ciently heat a room or the like. The damper openingf36 in the partition 22 is provided for; creating adirect draft for the stove as-when starting afire therein. As seen, the products ofcomb'ustio n finally escape through the chimney collar ,39. ;In this way a relatively small amount of fuel expenditure secures a large radiation of;
whereby to circulatethe gases and products of combustion upwardly at one side of the stove and downwardly at the other instead of in the .ljor' controlling the passage of gases andprod? w s: combustion in the manner described the opening 36 in the partition22' is provided with, a hingedly mounted damper 37 which is operable I at the: rearof the topethrough the a'ge'ncypf arod 38 projectingfrom-the-structure,
.1 shown, the conduits 31 areconside ablyspaced apart, but if desired, this spacing nlay; be reduced and the size and-contour of the conduits altered according-to the results desired and the size and shape ofthe heater upon which they are-applied.
--Though I-have shown and described hereinia preferred embodimentof the invention, it is to i be definitely understood that I do "not desir to limit the application of the invention thereto} and any; change or changes may be madej'in' material and structure of parts within the spiritf o fit he invention, and the scope of the subjoined burner means could easily be substituted foigthe solidinel' burning means in the 'inventionjandf the same'ladvanta'ges of heating efliciency obj- .connection on the extended portion at the back ofthe upper chamber above the upper ends of the 'baclitnbes;"a" partition within and across a rear portion ofssaidmpper chamber and defining with theback wall of the casing a third chamber witnwhich said flue connection and the upper ends of the back tubes eormnunicate, a part of th febackwall of saidfca I b'o've and adjacent the lowerend'thereof being proyidedwith opening means communicating with the air space immediately below said grate and with the lower pangor somelo'f s'aidjback tubes, and means for openingfand closing. said {opening .means, and air inlet means the front wall of 'said lower closed 'cliamberper'mitting air to, be drawn into; said lower closed; chamber and to be drawn upward ly j through] the charge and. then passed downwardly through the side, tubes and'upwardly through the back tubes and through said third. chamber and to said flue connection,
j 2. Ina heate'r,,a generallyirectangular casing having a grate above its lower end and an airv inlet belo'w said grate, a housing closing the top" of said casing and having portions overhanging the opposite sides and the back'of'said casing, a partition, extending across ,the back and v between" tlielfsids of said housing and. definingwith' the "back wall of said housing a chamber, a closed second chamber closing the; bottom, of said casing'fbfelow said air inlet,la plurality oftubes ate'ach side of the casing-whose opposite. ends n communicate with; the overhanging side portions of" said housing and with ,said' second chamber, athird-plurality of tubes having their oppositee'nds' communicating with the first mentioiie'd'jchamberfand,with a ,.back,.part of said second'chariiber whereby air entering by said air inlet is drawn upwardly in said casing then flows downwardly through the side tubes to said 's'ec-- 0nd ,charnber, "then upwardly through the back tubes to the firstmentioned f chamber, said partition being substantially .vertically. aligned with theba'ckfwallof thecasing; and flue means opening through; the top of said' first mentioned chamber; the'baclg'wall of said casing havinga check-l draft opening in [its lower part communicating with the air space, immediately below said grate, and the lower partofv some of said back-tubes andj'means' for'opening and closing said check-- draft opening v [p3, Ina heater; a generally rectangular casing havin'gvalgrate 'aboveits lower end and an air inlet below said grat,a 'housin'gclosing thetop ofsaid casing andh'aying portions overhanging the lopposite sides" and the back of said casing, a partition'extending across the back and betweenf the f-sid'eswof [said housing and defining i withthej backwall of said housing a chamber, a jclosedfs'econd chamber closing the bottom of saidic'asing' bellow said air inlet, a plurality of v elesiei i y' i e i th se ieei e ve e ends communicate with the overhanging side portions of said housing and with said second chamber, a third plurality of tubes having their opposite ends communicating with the first mentioned chamber and with a back part of said second chamber, said partition being substantially vertically aligned with the back wall of the casing, and flue means opening through the top of said first'mentioned chamber, the back 10 wall of said casing having a checkdraft opening in its lower part communicating with the air space immediately below said grate and the lower part of some of said back tubes,pand means for opening and closing said checkdraft opening, said partition having a restricted opening provided with a movable damper permitting rise of air and products of combustion from the interior of the casing to said flue connection without passing first through said tubes.
ARTHUR BROOKS.
US617897A 1932-06-17 1932-06-17 Heater Expired - Lifetime US1987548A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2481069A (en) * 1949-09-06 Ceramic space heater
EP0047565A2 (en) * 1980-06-25 1982-03-17 Anton Oberhammer Stove for solid, liquid or gaseous fuels
US4506653A (en) * 1983-02-03 1985-03-26 Bigelow Lavell M Combustion method and apparatus

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2481069A (en) * 1949-09-06 Ceramic space heater
EP0047565A2 (en) * 1980-06-25 1982-03-17 Anton Oberhammer Stove for solid, liquid or gaseous fuels
EP0047565A3 (en) * 1980-06-25 1982-08-11 Anton Oberhammer Stove for solid, liquid or gaseous fuels
US4506653A (en) * 1983-02-03 1985-03-26 Bigelow Lavell M Combustion method and apparatus

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