US1862697A - Air rifle - Google Patents

Air rifle Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US1862697A
US1862697A US445728A US44572830A US1862697A US 1862697 A US1862697 A US 1862697A US 445728 A US445728 A US 445728A US 44572830 A US44572830 A US 44572830A US 1862697 A US1862697 A US 1862697A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
sleeve
barrel
discharge barrel
trigger
air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US445728A
Inventor
Mihalyi Frank
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BENJAMIN AIR RIFLE CO
Original Assignee
BENJAMIN AIR RIFLE CO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BENJAMIN AIR RIFLE CO filed Critical BENJAMIN AIR RIFLE CO
Priority to US445728A priority Critical patent/US1862697A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1862697A publication Critical patent/US1862697A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41BWEAPONS FOR PROJECTING MISSILES WITHOUT USE OF EXPLOSIVE OR COMBUSTIBLE PROPELLANT CHARGE; WEAPONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F41B11/00Compressed-gas guns, e.g. air guns; Steam guns
    • F41B11/50Magazines for compressed-gas guns; Arrangements for feeding or loading projectiles from magazines
    • F41B11/51Magazines for compressed-gas guns; Arrangements for feeding or loading projectiles from magazines the magazine being an integral, internal part of the gun housing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41BWEAPONS FOR PROJECTING MISSILES WITHOUT USE OF EXPLOSIVE OR COMBUSTIBLE PROPELLANT CHARGE; WEAPONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F41B11/00Compressed-gas guns, e.g. air guns; Steam guns
    • F41B11/70Details not provided for in F41B11/50 or F41B11/60
    • F41B11/72Valves; Arrangement of valves
    • F41B11/723Valves; Arrangement of valves for controlling gas pressure for firing the projectile only

Description

F. MlHALYl June 14, 1932.
AIR RIFLE Filed April 19, 1950 column of bullets in the before the bullet can enter lize all of the compressed air,
Patented` June 14, 1932 UNITED sTATEs .PATENT OFFICE PANY, l' ST. LQUIS,
MISSOURI, A CORPORATION OF vMISSOURI .AIR RIFLE Application Ied April 19, 1930. Serial lilo'.4 545,728.
My invention relates to air guns and consists in a novel construction of the bullet feeding, retaining and discharge mechanism.
The present structurer. incorporates the means shown in my copending application, Serial Number 292,699, led July 14,1928, for regulatin the amount of air admitted into the disc arge chamber including the valve adjusting mechanism and the means for automatically closing the valve after its momentary opening, irrespective of the manual operation of the trigger, and also includes some automatic loading mechanism elements similar to those disclosed in my copending application.
T he general objects of my present structure, like those of my copending application, include the provision of an automatic repeating air gun requiring no other manual operation but the repeated movement of the trigger Jfor the discharge o a series of bullets, having a novel means for retaining the bullet in iiring position, and having a novel means for adjusting the charge of air for each bullet.
The bullet retaining means in my cepending application, provided by the force of the magazne spring transmitted through the magazine to the buliet in tiring position, has the disadvantage of reducing the firing power of the rifle by the amount of force expended in causing the bullet to push back the column ofibullets in the magazine when the riile is discharged the discharge barrel proper. A partcular object of my present application is to overcome this waste of force by placing the bullet in a ring position completely free from the pressure of the bullets in the magazine and providing a spring retaining means just strong enouglh to keep the bullet from rolling out of t e barrel if the barrel is inclined downwardly. i
Another object of my invention is to utiadmitted to the discharge barrel, to propel the bullet and to avoid the loss of a portion of this air through the magazine tube as occurred in the gun of my copending application.
Another object 1s to insure the delivery of all the bullets in the magazine to the discharge barrel before reloading is necessary. Another object is to provide an air gun of the class described with a trigger lock or safety catch.
The foregoing `and additional detail objects which will appear in the specication are attained in the structure illustrated in the accompanying drawing in Which- Figure 1 is a vertical section of a portion of my gun.
Figure 2 is a longitudinal section and a top view taken on the line 2`2 of Figure 1.
Y Figure 3 is a similar section showing the parts in a dierent position and is drawn on an enlarged scale.
Figure 4 is a detail horizontal section taken substantially on line --f of Figure 1 but showing the trigger in locked position.
'The gun stock 1 mounts the gun body 2 which is of tubular shape and the forward portion 3 of which forms acylinder in which the air compressing piston 4 operates. r1`he rear portion of the body constitutes a chamber 5, for compressed air, and a housing 6 for the breech block and trigger mechanism.v Adjacent to the body 2 are the magazine and discharge barrels 7 and 8 respectively. The magazine barrel 7 is provided with an opening 9 through which bullets may be supplied to the barrel and basan inclined passage 19 leading to the discharge barrel. A plunger 10 is slidably mounted in barrel 7 and a coi spring 11 moves plunger 1() to the inner end of the barrel. rThe end of plunger 10 is provided with a iiexible shaft 12 comprising a double coil of lightl spring wire and having a bead end 13, being substantially the size of the bullets used in the gun-and be- 'ing for the purpose of engaging the rear bullet 14. A handle 15 on stem 1() slides in a groove 16 in oflgroove 16 nea-rest the front end of the barre handle 15 may be turned (and in which it is turned in Figure 1) to hold the plunger 10 in retracted position while the magazine barrel is being filled with bullets. A projection 68 on the gun body forms a stop for limiting the. rearward movement of handle 15 and conthe' side of barrel 7 and the end I has a lateral oiiset 18 into which the sequently limits the movement of bead 13 through passage 19. The length of member 10 and the position of stop 68 are so correlated that bead 13 will feed the last bullet into the discharge barrel but the bead itself can not enter the barrel. This feeding of the last bullet is a safety feature which functions irrespective of the position in which the gun is held and is novel in air guns.
The discharge barrel is provided with a slidable sleeve member 20 having a forward hollow portion 20a which slides into a position posterior to the passage 19 (see Figure 3) when a bullet is being admitted from the magazine to the discharge barrel, and slides past the passage 19 forwardly to the position shown in Figures 1 and 2 to restrain the entrance of other bullets from the magazine and to push the first bullet B into the firing position against the yielding holding ele-- ment 49. In this position, an opening 37 in the side of portion 20a is alined with a passage 36 leading from the air chamber 5.
The rear partof member 20 forms a hollow portion 207). A shoulder 21 abuts the end of discharge barrel 8 to limit forward movement of the sleeve in the barrel.
At the rear of member 20, is a collar 23 and between the collar 23 and the rear of the discharge barrel 8 a spring 24 is compressed and tends to thrust the member rearwardly to the position shown in Figure 3, thus permitting the magazine spring 11 to push a'bullet into the discharge barrel 8.
Slidably fitting into the rear portion of 20?)4 of the sleeve member is a plunger 25 having an enlarged rear end 26. Compressed between end 26 of the plunger 25 and the solid portion of the member 20 is a spring 27 which 1s stronger than spring 24. Any pressure brought to bear on the exterior of end 26 moves the plunger and sleeve member as a unit until the shoulder 21 of member 20 engages the end of the discharge barrel 8, after which the plunger and sleeve member are telescoped. Attached to the barrel 8 is a guide 29 in which rides a screw 28 extending rom the collar 23 to limit the rearward movement of sleeve member 20.
The bullet feeding and firin mechanism is controlled by a trigger mem er 50 pivoted to the breech block 69 at 51 and having an upstanding arm 52 projecting through the slotted flange 53 on end 26 of the plunger 25 and engaging the end of the plunger to move the same forwardly when the trigger is retracted. Normally, springs 24 and 27 thrust sleeve member 20, plunger 25 and trigger arm 52 rearwardly into the normal position shown in Figure 3.
During the initial movement of the trigger, arm 52 moves forwardly to move plunger 25 and member 20' as a unit from the position shown in Figure 3 to the position shown in Figure 2. Y'During the movement, the front end of sleeve 20 seats bulletvagainst its seat 56 by spring 57. The cam has a pin and slot mounting 58 on the breech block 69 in housing 6 and a knob 59 on the end of a spring 60 thrusts the cam, downwardly into the normal position shown in Figure 1. Further retraction of the trigger from the position shown in Figure 1 will cause the trigger finger 61 to move forwardly and downwardly and raise the cam with its cam surface 62 engaging pin 63 and move valve 55 forwardly to permit the passage of air through the valve opening and passage 36. The engagement of trigger finger 61 on the cam is only momentary 1n duration, however, and the finger immediately slips off of the cam to permit its return and the seating of valve 53. l
Upon release of the finger engaging portion of the trigger 50, springs 24 and 27 thrust the trigger arm 52 back, as explained above, and the finger 61 moves upwardly and the cam 54 moves rearwardly due to its pin andslot mounting until finger 61 passes beyond the 'end of the cam when spring 60 will move the latter down to its original normal position clearing pin 63 but ready to engage the latter after the trigger has again been operated far enough to telescope the sleeve member and plunger.
The breech block 69 has a lateral recess receiving a sliding pin 70, and a,I spring pressed locking element 71 bears against a groove in pin to frictionally retain the pin in retracted or advanced position. In the advanced position shown in Figure 4, the inner end of the pin projects in front of the trigger arm 52 and prevents the operation of the gun. By pulling pin 70 outwardly, the trigger is free to move.
From the above description, it will be seen that I have produced an automatic repeating air rifle in which the repeated pulling of the trigger will discharge successive bullets one after the other as long as any bullets remain in the magazine barrel and any air under compression remains in the chamber. Also I have reduced the resistance that a bullet must overcome in being discharged from the firing position, and have eliminated a source of loss of power due to leakage of compressed air through the side of the discharge barrel into the magazine barrel. Also I have progenauen vided safety feeding and locking features which are novel in the air gun ield.
While I have shown my invention embodied in an air ril-le, it may be utilized in.
the scope of my claims.
I claim:
1. In an air gun, a magazine barrel, a discharge barrel,y a passageway between said barrels, a member mova le in said discharge barrel, and a spring engaging said discharge barrel and said member and tending to move said member rearwardly in said discharge barrel to open said passageway to admit a bullet from said magazine barrel into said discharge barrel.
2. In anl air gun, a magazine barrel, a discharge barrel, a passageway between said barrels, a sleeve member slidably {itt-ing in said discharge barrel and adapted to close or open said passageway, opposing elements'on said barrel and sleeve member, a sprlng compressed between said elements and tending to move said sleeve member rearwardly in said discharge barrel to open said passageway to permit a bullet to enter said discharge barrel.
3. In an airgun, a magazine barrel, a discharge barrel, apassageway between said barrels, a sleeve slidably fitting in said discharge barrel and adapted to close or open said passa eway, said sleeve projecting from the rear o said discharge barrel, a colla-r on the rear end of said sleeve, and a spring on said sleeve between said collar and the rear end of said discharge barrel tendingto vmove said sleeve rearwardlyin said discharge barrel to open said passageway between said barrels to permit a bulletto enter said discharge barrel.
d. In an air gun, a magazinebarrel, a discharge barrel, a passageway between said f barrels, a sleeve member slidably fitting in said discharge barrel and adapted to close or open said passageway, said sleeve member projecting from the rear of said discharge barrel and having a shoulder limiting they movement thereof into said discharge barrel, a collar on the rear end of said sleeve member, and a spring on said` sleeve member between said collar and the rear end of said discharge barrel tending to move said sleeve member rearwardly in said discharge barrel to open said passageway to permit a bullet to enter said discharge barrel,
5. In an air gun, an air chamber, a discharge barrel, a passageway between said air chamber and said discharge barrel, a sleeve slidably itting in said barrel, means limiting the forward movement of said sleeve, a plunger slidablyditting into the rear end of said sleeve, a spring compressed between said sleeve and said ldis-charge barrel, a second spring 'stronger than said first s ring and compressed between said sleeve an lung'er,
a valve controlling said passageway retween said air chamber and said discharge barrel, and a trigger mechanism, said trig er mechanism being adapted to -move sai plunger and sleeve as a unit' forwardly to the limit of said sleeves movement topush a bullet into firing position, and thereafter to telescope said plunger and sleeve and actuate said valve to open said' passageway to discharge said bullet. y
6. In an air gun, an air chamber, a discharge barrel, a-valve between said air chamber and said discharge barrel, a trigger mechanism, an operative connection between said trigger mechanism and said valve, a sleeve slidably itting in said discharge barrel and adapted to move a bullet into ring position, means onsaid sleeve limiting the forward movement thereof, a plunger slidably fitting into the rear portion of said sleeve, means adapting said sleeve and plunger to be moved asa unit within the range orn the movement of said sleeve, said trig er mechanism engaging the rear of said p unger to move said plunger and sleeve as a unit .until a bullet is moved into firing position and then to telescope said plunger and sleeve until said valve is opened and the bullet is discharged. l
7. In an air gun, an air chamber, a discharge barrel, a valve between said air chamber and said discharge barrel, a trigger mechanism, an Operative connection between said trigger mechanism and said valve, means in said barrel for preventing a bullet from rolling out of the barrel before the iiring oi the gun, a sleeve slidably fitting in said discharge barrel and adapted to move a bullet into liring position, means on said sleeve limiting the forward movement thereof, a plunger slidably fitting into the rear portion of said sleeve, a spring engaging said sleeve and said discharge barrel to thrust said. sleeve rearwardly, a second spring stronger than said irst spring and thrusting said sleeve and plunger apart, said trigger mechanism en-l ably fitting in said discharge barrel and adaptedto move a bullet into firing position, a plun er slidably fitting into the rear portion of sai sleeve, said trigger mechanism engaging the rear of said plunger, and means adapting said sleeve and plunger to be -moved as a unit by said trigger mechanism until a bullet is moved into firing position, said trig-y ger mechanism and associated means being adapted lthereafter to move further to open said valve.
9. In an automatic repeating air rifle, a magazine barrel, a discharge barrel, a passageway between said barrels, a chamber for compressed air, a spring pressed plunger in said magazine barrel for ejectin bullets into said discharge barrel, a mova le sleeve in said discharge barrel for alternately admitting a bullet through said passageway to said barrel ,and for sealing said passageway against the escape of air therethrough, a spring seated valve in said chamber controlling the passage of air to said discharge barrel, a trigger, mechanism directly operated by said trigger for moving said sleeve and at the same time momentarily opening said valve, and means for automatically returning said mechanism to normal position upon release of manual control of said trigger.
10. In an automatic repeating air gun, an air reservoir, a discharge barrel, a magazine barrel arranged to discharge bullets to said discharge barrel, a passage between said barrels, a member for closing said passage, a trigger, and means operated thereby for admitting a charge of compressed air from said reservoir to said discharge barrel to discharge a bullet, and means connected to said trigger for automatically moving said member to open said passage and feed another bullet to said discharge barrel immediately upon the release of said trigger.
11. In an air gun, a magazine barrel, a discharge barrel, a passageway between said barrels, a member normally spaced rearwardly from said passageway, and a trigger element connected to said member and adapted during the firing movementV of said trigger to move said member forwardly to a position to restrain the entrance of bullets from said magazine through said passageway into said discharge barrel.
12. In an air gun, an air reservoir, a magazine barrel, a discharge barrel, a passageway between said barrels, a second passageway between said air reservoir and said discharge barrel, a closure member movable to and from said first mentioned passageway, and a trigger element adapted to open and close said second passageway and having an operative connection with said member for moving the same to close said first mentioned passageway to prevent the escape of air therethrough.
13. In an air gun,'an air reservoir, a magazine barrel, a discharge barrel, a passageway between said barrels, an air valve between said air reservoir and said discharge barrel, a sleeve in said discharge barrel, and a trigger arm adapted to open said valve and at the same time to move said sleeve to close said magazine passageway.
14. In an air gun, a magazine barrel, a discharge barrel, a passageway between said barrels, a sleeve member slidably fitting in said discharge barrel and adaptedto close or open said passageway, means on said sleeve and discharge barrel limiting the reciprocation of said sleeve in said discharge barrel, and a spring engaging said sleeve member and tending to move said sleeve member rearwardly in said discharge barrel to open said passageway to permit a bullet to enter said discharge barrel.
15. In an air gun, a breech block having spaced walls, firing mechanism including a trigger located between said walls and having an arm rigid therewith, bullet repelling elements, an operative connection between said trigger and said elements, and a pin slidable in one of said walls to and from a position in which it engages said trigger arm to prevent movement thereof and to lock said arm against accidental discharge, the movement of said connection being unrestricted by said pin.
16. In an air gun, a breech block having spaced walls, firing mechanism including a trigger located between said walls and having an arm rigid therewith, bullet repelling elements, and an operative connection between said trigger and said elements, and safety means including a lateral recess in one of said walls only, a pin slidable in said recess, a grove in said pin, and a locking element bearing against said groove to frictionally retain said pin in retracted or advanced position, the inner end of said pin in advanced position engaging said trigger arm to prevent movement thereof, and said pin being spaced a substantial distance fromsaid operative connection ,in both the advanced and retracted positions of said pin.
` 17. In an air gun, a magazine barrel, a discharge barrel, a passageway between said barrels, a sleeve in said discharge barrel having an internal diameter less than the diameter of the proper sized bullet for the gum-the forward end of said sleeve being normally positioned rearwardly o said passageway, and a trigger element engaging said sleeve and adapted during the firing movement of said trigger to move said sleeve forwardly to engage a bullet withinsaid barrel and place the same in firing position.
In testimony whereof I hereunto affix my signature this 14th day of April, 1930.
FRANK MIHALYI.
US445728A 1930-04-19 1930-04-19 Air rifle Expired - Lifetime US1862697A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US445728A US1862697A (en) 1930-04-19 1930-04-19 Air rifle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US445728A US1862697A (en) 1930-04-19 1930-04-19 Air rifle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1862697A true US1862697A (en) 1932-06-14

Family

ID=23769981

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US445728A Expired - Lifetime US1862697A (en) 1930-04-19 1930-04-19 Air rifle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US1862697A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2495829A (en) * 1945-07-09 1950-01-31 Vincent Perry Franklin Air gun
US2554116A (en) * 1946-12-10 1951-05-22 Monner Gun Corp Gas operated gun
US2568432A (en) * 1949-08-25 1951-09-18 Ivan R Cook Electric air gun
US2618254A (en) * 1947-07-21 1952-11-18 Daisy Mfg Co Repeat loading mechanism for pneumatic guns
US2652821A (en) * 1944-12-28 1953-09-22 Bendix Westinghouse Automotive Fluid pressure operated gun
US2815016A (en) * 1955-03-04 1957-12-03 Warren H Kellogg Long bow attachment
US3000371A (en) * 1958-06-10 1961-09-19 Hyde Floyd Don Automatic fluid powered gun
US3463136A (en) * 1966-10-26 1969-08-26 Crosman Arms Co Inc Projectile loading mechanism for air rifle
US3802408A (en) * 1972-06-16 1974-04-09 Victor Co Corp Pneumatic gun with valve operating mechanism
US4850330A (en) * 1987-12-01 1989-07-25 Katsumi Nagayoshi Device for shooting bullets by pressure medium for use in a toy gun
US5666937A (en) * 1995-03-13 1997-09-16 Mendoza-Orozco; Hector Repeat-fire pellet rifle and improved pellets
US7712463B2 (en) 2006-05-25 2010-05-11 Kee Action Sports I Llc Self-regulating valve assembly

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2652821A (en) * 1944-12-28 1953-09-22 Bendix Westinghouse Automotive Fluid pressure operated gun
US2495829A (en) * 1945-07-09 1950-01-31 Vincent Perry Franklin Air gun
US2554116A (en) * 1946-12-10 1951-05-22 Monner Gun Corp Gas operated gun
US2618254A (en) * 1947-07-21 1952-11-18 Daisy Mfg Co Repeat loading mechanism for pneumatic guns
US2568432A (en) * 1949-08-25 1951-09-18 Ivan R Cook Electric air gun
US2815016A (en) * 1955-03-04 1957-12-03 Warren H Kellogg Long bow attachment
US3000371A (en) * 1958-06-10 1961-09-19 Hyde Floyd Don Automatic fluid powered gun
US3463136A (en) * 1966-10-26 1969-08-26 Crosman Arms Co Inc Projectile loading mechanism for air rifle
US3802408A (en) * 1972-06-16 1974-04-09 Victor Co Corp Pneumatic gun with valve operating mechanism
US4850330A (en) * 1987-12-01 1989-07-25 Katsumi Nagayoshi Device for shooting bullets by pressure medium for use in a toy gun
US5666937A (en) * 1995-03-13 1997-09-16 Mendoza-Orozco; Hector Repeat-fire pellet rifle and improved pellets
US7712463B2 (en) 2006-05-25 2010-05-11 Kee Action Sports I Llc Self-regulating valve assembly

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2293957A (en) Air pistol
US1862697A (en) Air rifle
US5349938A (en) Reciprocatable barrel pneumatic gun
US2554116A (en) Gas operated gun
US2147003A (en) Machine gun
US3455204A (en) Feeding mechanism for an automatic gun
US4850330A (en) Device for shooting bullets by pressure medium for use in a toy gun
US2467372A (en) Means for cooling machine gun barrels
US2327653A (en) Pneumatic cartridge and gun
US2495829A (en) Air gun
US2035539A (en) Repeating firearm
US3227148A (en) Gas operated gun
US1383111A (en) Gas-gun
US2725869A (en) Magazine toy gun
US1343456A (en) Rifle
US3463136A (en) Projectile loading mechanism for air rifle
US2151676A (en) Air pistol
US3745880A (en) Hydropneumatic recuperator for pieces of ordnance
US2101198A (en) Air gun
US2604088A (en) Air gun
US2283300A (en) Air shotgun
US2525082A (en) Pneumatic bottle shooting gun
US3512449A (en) Accelerator for the bolt carrier of an automatic gun
US2144951A (en) Firearm
US2110509A (en) Adapter for practicing firing