US1636457A - Hair curler and waver - Google Patents

Hair curler and waver Download PDF

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Publication number
US1636457A
US1636457A US132719A US13271926A US1636457A US 1636457 A US1636457 A US 1636457A US 132719 A US132719 A US 132719A US 13271926 A US13271926 A US 13271926A US 1636457 A US1636457 A US 1636457A
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Prior art keywords
hair
mandrel
ring
curler
blade
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US132719A
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Brinkschneider Henry
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Brinkschneider Henry
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; EQUIPMENT FOR COSMETICS OR COSMETIC TREATMENTS, e.g. FOR MANICURING OR PEDICURING
    • A45D2/00Hair-curling or hair-waving appliances ; Appliances for hair dressing treatment not otherwise provided for
    • A45D2/12Hair winders or hair curlers for use parallel to the scalp, i.e. flat-curlers
    • A45D2/24Hair winders or hair curlers for use parallel to the scalp, i.e. flat-curlers of multi-part type, e.g. with sliding parts other than for fastening
    • A45D2/2407Hair winders or hair curlers for use parallel to the scalp, i.e. flat-curlers of multi-part type, e.g. with sliding parts other than for fastening with articulated parts

Description

1,636,457 y 1927' H. BRINKSCHNEIDE'TR HAIR CURLER AND WAVER Filed Auz. 51, 1926 PATENT OFFICE.
I HENRY BBINKSGHNEIDEIB, OI LOS'AJIGED ES, CALIFORNIA.
BLAIR OUBLEB AND WLVIB.
Application filed Augult 31, 1988. Serial No. 188,719.
My invention is a hair curler and waver and in the method of curling hair.
An object of my invention is the construction of a small tubular hair curler onwhich the hair may be gripped by a pivotally mounted gripping arm which has slight longitudinal movement, the hair being wound or coiled around the tubular structure and the gripping device, and after being sufliciently wound the hair is clamped in place by a clamping plate pivotally connected to the tubular structure having slight longitudinal movement. The hair may be first dampened before Winding on the curler and as the curler is provided with a series of apertures, the heated iron may be introduced into the tubular structure and quickly dry the hair, leaving it with curls when the curler is removed. 4
A feature of my invention is having the holding device attached to a ring slidable on the tubular mandrel on which the hair is wound and having the clamping device also attached to the same ring, these therefore having slight longitudinal movement on the mandrel and the clamping device or blade being gripped by a slidable ring at the otherend of the mandrel.
My invention is illustrated in the following drawings in which: 4
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the curler and waver showing the hair in the initial position;
Fig. 2 is a similar view, showing the hair being engaged by the holder arm;
F ig. 3 is a perspective view showing a further step in winding or coiling the hair on the mandrel device and over the holder arm;
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a still further step, showing the hair being gripped by the clamping blade;
Fig. 5 is a side elevation showingthe curler and waver in one position;
Fig. 6 is a view similar-to Fig. 5, taken in the direction of the arrow 6 of such figure;
Fig. 7 is an enlarged longitudinal section on the line 77 of Fig. 5, in-the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 8 is a transverse section on the line 8-8 of Fig. 6, in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 9 is a side elevation partly broken away, of the curler with the hair clamped" thereon,illustrating the use of a heating iron to uickly dry andforln the curl in the hair. ig. 10 is an inside view of the clam'pmg and 9:
arm showing the manner of bending sheet metal to form same;
' Fig. 11 is a cross section on the line 11.11 of Fig. 10.
In my construction I have a tubular mandrel designated generally by the numeral 1. a
This mandrel has a pair of annular ridges 2 and 3 spaced a slight distance from each end, the ends being preferably formed with beads 4 curled outwardly. A series of apertures 5 ring is of such diameter that it cannot pass over the head or over the ridge. A holderarm 7 formed of a strip of sheet metal preferably bentinto a curve is secured to the ring 6 by an eye 8, the holder arm being substantially long enough to extend to the ridge 3 but not much beyond same.
A clamping blade 9 also having an eye 10 is attached to'the pivot ring 6 and is of sufficient length to extend beyond the bead 3 and being gri ped by a securing ring 11. This ring is 0 such diameter that it cannot pass over the rid e 3 or the bead 4.
The manner o using my hair curler and waver is substantially as follows, reference being directed particularly to Figs. 1 to 4 The hair designated by the numeral 12 is first passed over the mandrel as shown in Fig. 1 and the holder arm 7 pivoted downwardly to grip the hair and hold the end while it is wound on the outside of the mandrel and on the outside of the'holder arm as shown in Fig. 3. When wound to a sufiicient extent or to the limit of the hair the clamping blade 9 is pivoted downwardly on the outside of the hair and its free end is engaged by the securin ring 11. The hair,
it is understood, is re erably dampened to a sulficient extent be ore being wound on the curler. If desired the curler can be left on the hair a sufiicient length of time until it naturally dries and forms a suitable curl or wave in the hair, or if desired a heated curl ing iron designated by the numeral 13 and shown in Fi .9 may be inserted through the tubular man rel or a suflicient distance within same to'properly dry the hair and form a suitable curl.
It willbe noted by the apertures 5 that the hair is subjected to the direct radiant heat no Y from the heating iron as well as from the heat of conduction carried through the tubular mandrel and therefore the hair is effectively and quickly dried. Although my invention is made up of rela tively simple parts which cooperate together in a readily understood manner and appear to disclose the most effective way of forming a hair curler, it is nevertheless to be understood that the general features and specific details of my invention may be departed from and changed in different respects and still be within the scope of my invention as set forth in the description, drawings and claims.
The clamping arm 7 is preferably formed of an outer end, the inner strips of metal 15 and 16 thereby forming the eye 8 at one end. The edges 17 of the outer strip are bent inwardly around the inner strip and hold same in position. This construction gives a holder arm with smooth edges which do not get caught in the hair or tend to cut or pull same.
A feature of my invention is that it may be readily employed for forming curls in which as a rule the tip end of the hair is gripped between the upper mandrel and the holding arm and the device is then turned, winding the hair on the mandrel and over the holder arm until it is drawn tightly to the head. The clamping blade may then be slid around the ring 6 until the hair is properly clamped and then secured by the ring 11. This arrangement prevents uncoiling of the hair.
In forming a wave in the hair the mandrel is placed as near the head as possible, a certain amount of the hairbeing engaged by the holder arm. The straight end of the hair is then Wound or coiled around the mandrel and over the arm and the tip ends of the hair aregripped by the clamping blade. This blade may be slid around the fling to a suitable place for gripping the air.
It is to be understood that my hair curling device may be used on hair when it is dry and may be left on overnight if desired, and as the structure is made of aluminum or other light material it is not inconvenient.
Having described my invention, what 1 claim is:
1. A hair curler comprising in combination a tubular mandrel, a holder arm pivotally and slidably mounted on the mandrel adapted to hold hair against the mandrel, a clamping blade pivotally and slidably connected to the mandrel, means to secure the clamping blade parallel to the mandrel and clamping hair wound thereon.
2. A hair curler comprising in combination a tubular mandrel having apertures in its walls, a clamping arm pivotally and slidably mounted on the outside of the mandrel,
a clamping blade pivotally and slidabl mounted on the outside of the man'dre, means to connect the free end of the clamping blade to the opposite end of the mandrel, and a heated iron positioned in the tubular mandrel.
3. A hair curler, a tubular mandrel, a pivot ring slidably mounted on one end, a holder arm pivotally connected to said ring, a clamping blade pivotally connected to said ring, and means to secure the free end of the clamping blade to the other end of the mandrel.
4. A hair curler comprising in combination a tubular mandrel having beads at each end and annular ridges spaced from the end, a pivot ring slidably mounted between one of the ends and one of the ridges, a holder arm pivotally connected to said ring adapted to engage hair passed over the mandrel, a clamping blade pivotally connected to the pivot ring, and a securing ring slidably mounted on the other end of the mandrel between the bead and the ridge to engage the free end of the clamping blade.
5. A hair curler comprising a tubular mandrel, a pivot ring at one end and a securing ring at the other end, means to limit the sliding movement of said rings on the mandrel, a holder arm pivotally connected to the pivot ring, and a clamping blade pivotally connected to the ivot blade, said clamping blade having its tree end engageable by the securing ring.
6. A hair curler as claimed in claim 5, the mandrel having a series of apertures and a. heating iron inserted in the mandrel.
7. A hair curler comprising in combination a holder arm mounted on a mandrel adapted to hold hair against same, a clam ing blade also mounted on the mandrel, sard holder arm and clamping blade being adapted to have relative circumferential movement around the mandrel, and means to secure the end of the clampin blade with said blade parallel to the mandrel.
8. A hair curler comprising in combination a tubular mandrel, a holder arm pivotally connected adjacent one end, a clamping blade pivotally connected adjacent one end, said holder arm and blade having relative circumferential movement around the mandrel,.and means to secure the free end of the clamping blade.
9. A hair curler comprising in combination a tubular mandrel, a ring loosely secured thereto at one end, a holder arm secured to said ring, a clamping blade also secured to the ring, the arm and the blade having relative movement around the ring, and means to secure the free end of the clamping blade.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.
HENRY BRINKSCHNEIDER.
US132719A 1926-08-31 1926-08-31 Hair curler and waver Expired - Lifetime US1636457A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2783763A (en) * 1954-04-23 1957-03-05 Etta E King Hair curling device
US2824566A (en) * 1956-08-13 1958-02-25 Vincent R Pileggi Hair treating apparatus
US2842140A (en) * 1954-09-16 1958-07-08 Caronelle Inc Hair curlers
US3474188A (en) * 1967-11-16 1969-10-21 Electro Connective Systems Inc Take-up mechanism for flat electrical cable

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2783763A (en) * 1954-04-23 1957-03-05 Etta E King Hair curling device
US2842140A (en) * 1954-09-16 1958-07-08 Caronelle Inc Hair curlers
US2824566A (en) * 1956-08-13 1958-02-25 Vincent R Pileggi Hair treating apparatus
US3474188A (en) * 1967-11-16 1969-10-21 Electro Connective Systems Inc Take-up mechanism for flat electrical cable

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