US1502044A - Wrench - Google Patents

Wrench Download PDF

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Publication number
US1502044A
US1502044A US575394A US57539422A US1502044A US 1502044 A US1502044 A US 1502044A US 575394 A US575394 A US 575394A US 57539422 A US57539422 A US 57539422A US 1502044 A US1502044 A US 1502044A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
wrench
handle
shank
holder
jaw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US575394A
Inventor
James T Mccann
Original Assignee
James T Mccann
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by James T Mccann filed Critical James T Mccann
Priority to US575394A priority Critical patent/US1502044A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1502044A publication Critical patent/US1502044A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/46Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle
    • B25B13/461Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle with concentric driving and driven member
    • B25B13/462Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle with concentric driving and driven member the ratchet parts engaging in a direction radial to the tool operating axis
    • B25B13/463Spanners; Wrenches of the ratchet type, for providing a free return stroke of the handle with concentric driving and driven member the ratchet parts engaging in a direction radial to the tool operating axis a pawl engaging an externally toothed wheel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25GHANDLES FOR HAND IMPLEMENTS
    • B25G1/00Handle constructions
    • B25G1/005Handle constructions for screwdrivers, wrenches or spanners with additional levers, e.g. for increasing torque

Description

J. T. MCCANN WRENCH Filed July J5, 1922 Patented July 22, y1924.

-JAivLEs T. MCGANN, oreLEN ELLEN, canrronivm.iA

Wannen.

Application filed .Tilly 15, 1922. Serial No. 575,394.

T all whom t may concern.' n

Be it known that I, JAMES T. MCCANN, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Glen Ellen, in the county of Sonoma and State of California., have invented a new and useful Wrench, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates more particularly to a tool for holding or turning nuts iu inaccessible places.

The objects of my invention are to provide an exceedingly simple and efficient wrench which can be operated either by a pumping action or rigidly when its opeiating lever is in either a straight line with the wrench or perpendicular thereto.

I accomplish theseV results in the manner set forth in the following specification or illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:

Figure 1 is a side elevation of my device with the handle in a horizontal position or perpendicular to the jaw portion of the wrench. Figure 2 is a front elevation of Fig. 1. Figure 3 is a plan ol' Fig. 1. Figure 4 is a horizontal section along the line 4 4 in Fig. 2. Figure 5 is a bottom view of Fig. l. Figure 6 is an enlarged vertical section along the line 6 6 in Fig. 3. Figure 7 is a partial side elevation of Fig. 6 showing the pawl mechanism. Figure 8 is a front elevation similar to Fig. 2 with the handle in a vertical position and its cross arms extended. A portion of this figure is cut away in section for clearness.

Similar numbers of reference refer to the same or similar parts throughout the several views.

Referring in detail to the drawing, I have constructed myl device of a relatively square body member 10 having formed on its upper side a ratchet wheel 11 from whose center projects the shank 12 provided with a groove 13.

The under side of the member 10 is provided with a stationary jaw 14 and a movable jaw 15 slidably mounted in the T slot 16 and actuated by the bolt 17 which is provided, for convenience, with a square head 18.

A wrist plate 19 serves as a holder for the shank 12 and has hinged thereto a forked handle 20 to vwhich it is attached by means of the screws 21 which also pass into the groove 13 in the shank 12 andy allows the shank 12 to rotate within its holder 19. The holder 19 is slotted on its opposite sides to receive the pawls'22 and 23 which are pivot'ed on the pins 24. The pawls 22 and 23 are urgedoutwardly at their upper endsrby means" of the spring 25 which forces their lower ends 26 into engagement with the teeth 27 of the wheel 11. rIhe sliding latches 28 which are joined by means of the screws 29 to the holder 19 serve 'to hold either of the ends 26 out of engagement with the ratchet teeth 27 and thereby permit the free rotation of the shank l2 in either direction.A

A hole 30 is provided in the handle 2U and contains a plunger 3 1 from,y which projects an operating pin 32 which slides in the slot 33. The lower end 34`of the plunger 31 is preferably tapered and is adapted to enter the upper end of the hole 35 2 in the holder 19. f

Attached to the upper end 36 of the handle 2O are the two cross arms 37 pivoted on the screw 38 and which ordinarily lieJ` within recesses formed in the sides of the handle 20, as illustrated in Figures 1 and 2. These cross arms are used to provide additional leverage when using the device as a T wrench.

The operation of my device is as follows: C

After placing the jaws 14 and 15 against the sides of a nut and tightening same thereon by means of the bolt 17, the operator disengages one of the pawls 22, if he Y desires to use the ratchet on the wrench,

and then moves the arm 20 back and forth through as large an arc as is possible or desired. The same is true when using the device in the form shown in Figure 8 when one or both ofthe arms 23 may be extended and swung through an arc, as above suggested. It will be understood vthat'in this event the pin 32should be depressed.

I am aware that numerous styles and types of wrenches have been produced in the past, and I therefor do not claim my invention broadly but only within the limits set forth in the following claim.v

I/Vhat I claim as new is:

In a wrench, the combination of a nutengaging means consisting of a rotatable body Vmember having its under side dovetailed and having one end of said dovetailed portion closed by a projecting jaw, a sliding jaw in said dove-tailed member,

lli)

hinged t0 said Wrist plate on said screws, a` slidable pin Within said slotted lever adapted `to lockl said lever in relation t0 saif Wrist plate, and paWls on said Wrist plate adapted to engage said ratchet in opposite directions.

JAMES T. MCCANN.

US575394A 1922-07-15 1922-07-15 Wrench Expired - Lifetime US1502044A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US575394A US1502044A (en) 1922-07-15 1922-07-15 Wrench

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US575394A US1502044A (en) 1922-07-15 1922-07-15 Wrench

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1502044A true US1502044A (en) 1924-07-22

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ID=24300142

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US575394A Expired - Lifetime US1502044A (en) 1922-07-15 1922-07-15 Wrench

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US (1) US1502044A (en)

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2623755A (en) * 1951-08-25 1952-12-30 Kamkap Inc Collapsible carriage
US5074174A (en) * 1989-09-02 1991-12-24 Dae Sam Co., Ltd. Socket wrench
US20090183607A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2009-07-23 Wagic, Inc., A California Corporation Tool holder
US20110000024A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US20110000025A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US20110079115A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Handled ratcheting tool with a flip out handle
US20110079113A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and t handle
US8033200B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2011-10-11 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US20110302750A1 (en) * 2010-06-14 2011-12-15 Bush Industries, Inc. No Tools Quick Assembly Surface Fastening System
USD677552S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-03-12 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
USD708036S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-07-01 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool
US8925429B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2015-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool
USD723276S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-03-03 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches
US9193058B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
US9193062B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches
US9289894B2 (en) 2007-05-10 2016-03-22 Wagic, Inc. Hand tool with multiple bit storage and a method for using the same
US9387579B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2016-07-12 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
US9545707B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2017-01-17 Wagic, Inc. Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use
US10723014B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2020-07-28 Wagic, Inc. Tool holder for holding multiple tools of different sizes

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2623755A (en) * 1951-08-25 1952-12-30 Kamkap Inc Collapsible carriage
US5074174A (en) * 1989-09-02 1991-12-24 Dae Sam Co., Ltd. Socket wrench
US9289894B2 (en) 2007-05-10 2016-03-22 Wagic, Inc. Hand tool with multiple bit storage and a method for using the same
USD677552S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-03-12 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US20110000025A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US10442069B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2019-10-15 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US10434631B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2019-10-08 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US8033200B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2011-10-11 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US10322503B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2019-06-18 Wagic, Inc. Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use
US8336428B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2012-12-25 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US8359954B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-01-29 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US20110000024A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US8468916B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-06-25 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US8499667B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-08-06 WAGIC, Inc Tool holder
US9701005B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2017-07-11 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US8640574B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-02-04 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US8757033B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-06-24 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
USD708036S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-07-01 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool
US20090183607A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2009-07-23 Wagic, Inc., A California Corporation Tool holder
US9604349B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2017-03-28 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US9545707B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2017-01-17 Wagic, Inc. Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use
US9505123B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2016-11-29 Wagic, Inc. Tool holder
US8925429B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2015-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool
US20110079113A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and t handle
US10343273B2 (en) 2009-10-05 2019-07-09 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and T handle
US9120208B2 (en) * 2009-10-05 2015-09-01 WAGIC, Inc Handled ratcheting tool with a flip out handle
US20110079115A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Handled ratcheting tool with a flip out handle
US9676083B2 (en) 2009-10-05 2017-06-13 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and T handle
US8621963B2 (en) 2009-10-05 2014-01-07 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and T handle
US20110302750A1 (en) * 2010-06-14 2011-12-15 Bush Industries, Inc. No Tools Quick Assembly Surface Fastening System
US10723014B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2020-07-28 Wagic, Inc. Tool holder for holding multiple tools of different sizes
US10207400B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2019-02-19 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
US9193058B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
US9387579B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2016-07-12 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
US10239197B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2019-03-26 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches
USD723276S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-03-03 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches
US9193062B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches

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