US1465767A - Bulletproof armor - Google Patents

Bulletproof armor Download PDF

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Publication number
US1465767A
US1465767A US618229A US61822923A US1465767A US 1465767 A US1465767 A US 1465767A US 618229 A US618229 A US 618229A US 61822923 A US61822923 A US 61822923A US 1465767 A US1465767 A US 1465767A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
plates
quilt
armor
bullet
shield
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US618229A
Inventor
Krause Leo
Original Assignee
Krause Leo
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Krause Leo filed Critical Krause Leo
Priority to US618229A priority Critical patent/US1465767A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1465767A publication Critical patent/US1465767A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H5/00Armour; Armour plates
    • F41H5/02Plate construction
    • F41H5/04Plate construction composed of more than one layer
    • F41H5/0442Layered armour containing metal
    • F41H5/0457Metal layers in combination with additional layers made of fibres, fabrics or plastics
    • F41H5/0464Metal layers in combination with additional layers made of fibres, fabrics or plastics the additional layers being only fibre- or fabric-reinforced layers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10S428/911Penetration resistant layer
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T152/00Resilient tires and wheels
    • Y10T152/10Tires, resilient
    • Y10T152/10135Armored
    • Y10T152/10171Casing construction
    • Y10T152/1018Embedded
    • Y10T152/10189Metal
    • Y10T152/10198Plates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/18Longitudinally sectional layer of three or more sections
    • Y10T428/183Next to unitary sheet of equal or greater extent
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24479Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including variation in thickness
    • Y10T428/24562Interlaminar spaces
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24628Nonplanar uniform thickness material
    • Y10T428/24669Aligned or parallel nonplanarities
    • Y10T428/24686Pleats or otherwise parallel adjacent folds

Description

Aug.v 2l, 19.23.

KRAusE BULLET PROOF A RMOR R.C m... mu Wa ,fr

Patented Aug. l21, 1923.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

LEO KRA'USE, 0F NEW YORK, N. Y.

BuLLE'frrRooF ARMOR.

Application led February 10,` I1923. Serial No. 618,229.

To all whom t may concern:

Be it known 4that I, LEO KRAUSE, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, inl the county of `New York and State of New York, have invented new and useful prevent any discomfort and at the same timev effectively protect the body from injury by the impact of a missile.

An-object of the invention is to provide intermediate tenacious metal plates composed of a light metal of suiicient strengthto resist the impact of' a bullet. The metal is covered with a metallized ibre so that the heat from ay bullet cannot- 'set it onfire or moisture rust the plates.-

Another 4object of the invention is to arrange a quilted buffer between the metallized fibre and the plates=yvhereby the force of the missile is considerab y lessened before it impinges on the plat .i

The invention reside more particularly in the lnovel combination hereinafter de-l scribed an`d claimed, reference bein made tothe accompanying 'drawing in w ich:

Figure 1 represents a front elevation ofa shield embodying this invention.

Figure 2 is a vertical longitudinal section' of the same.

Figure 3 is a of the quilt.I

In the drawing the numeral 5 designates a series of metal plates made of. duralumin each plate being enclosed 'in a pocket 6-of fabric. The pockets partly overlap each other to produce a shingleformation and each pocket is fastened at its upper end by means of stitchesl 7 to a piece of fabric 8 located at the backr of the pockets.

perspective View of a portion Arranged at the front of the pockets is a quilted member built up of a stuin of raw China silk 9 covered with a metalized fabric 10 secured together by stitches 11 as indicated in Figure 3. A similar quilt 12 is located at the back of the fabric 8. On

each quilt is secured by means of stitches 13 a sheet of metallized vfibre 14 and a pair of shoulder straps lsupport the shield on the body.

In the drawing the invention is shown applied to a shield adapted to be worn under a coat but it will be obvious that it could be 'utilized for other purposes suchl as a cover` for the actuating parts of an aeroplane thus protecting it against gunshot.

The metallized fibre placed on the outside of the quilt is practically fire .and waterproof consequently a bullet fired from a gun at close range will not infiame the fibre nor will any moisture have' anyeffect on it. The stuffing is preferably composed of China silk which by its toughness and close comvpression will retard a missile. A bullet tired l at great velocity will merely embed itself in the metal aluminum and if it should go through it will be stopped by the quilt behind the plates. The duralumin is used in the present device because it is much lighter than any other metal so as not to add any undue Weight to the shield member.

I claim:

1. A bullet proof armor comprising a shield constructed of a series of tenacious metal plates lighter than steel, and a quilted member arranged vadjacent to the plates.

2. A bullet proof armor comprising a shield constructed of a series of metal plates, and 'a quilted member covering the plates.

3. A bullet proof armor comprising a shield constructed 'of a series of metal plates, a pocket enclosing each plate and a quilted member arranged adjacent to each pocket.v v

4. A bullet proof armor comprising a shield constructed of a series of metal plates,

vclosing each partly overlapping each other, a pocket en- Flate, and a quilted member covering the ront and back of the pockets.

5. Av bullet proof armor comprising a shield constructed of a series of metal-plates, a pocket enclosing each plate, a quilted member arranged adjacent the pla-tes, and a metallized fibre sheet secured to the quilt.

6. A bullet proof armor com )rising a shield constructed of a series of ralumn plates, a pocket enclosing each plate, a uilted member havin a stuffing of raw hina silk arranged ad]acent the plates, and a metallized' fibre sheet secured to the quilt'.

7. A bullet proof armor comprising a bre sheet secured to the outer side. 0f each' quilt.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing 10 witnesses.

LEO K RAUSE.

lVitneSses MARGUERITE ALTVATER. WILLIAM MILLER.

US618229A 1923-02-10 1923-02-10 Bulletproof armor Expired - Lifetime US1465767A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US618229A US1465767A (en) 1923-02-10 1923-02-10 Bulletproof armor

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US618229A US1465767A (en) 1923-02-10 1923-02-10 Bulletproof armor
CH108513D CH108513A (en) 1923-02-10 1924-02-05 Breastplate shield projectiles.
GB344524A GB211153A (en) 1923-02-10 1924-02-09 Improvements in bullet proof armour
FR577008D FR577008A (en) 1923-02-10 1924-02-09 Improvements to armor in bulletproof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1465767A true US1465767A (en) 1923-08-21

Family

ID=24476850

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US618229A Expired - Lifetime US1465767A (en) 1923-02-10 1923-02-10 Bulletproof armor

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US1465767A (en)
CH (1) CH108513A (en)
FR (1) FR577008A (en)
GB (1) GB211153A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2789076A (en) * 1953-09-21 1957-04-16 Frieder Laminated ballistic fabric
US3392406A (en) * 1967-04-17 1968-07-16 Pernini Patricia Ann Flexible armored vest
US3745938A (en) * 1971-08-03 1973-07-17 R F Inc Compactible protective shield
US4090269A (en) * 1976-03-01 1978-05-23 Alpine Designs, Inc. Insulated covering
US4633528A (en) * 1984-07-30 1987-01-06 Brandt Raymond W Bullet affecting/deflecting material
US5657497A (en) * 1995-10-04 1997-08-19 Howe; Robert H. Sleeping bag with overlapping batts
US20060102276A1 (en) * 2003-12-03 2006-05-18 Dewitt Fabio Process for making a ceramic armor plate
US20080087161A1 (en) * 2004-07-14 2008-04-17 Dean W Clark Projectile resistant armor
US20120066820A1 (en) * 2010-09-20 2012-03-22 Bernard Fresco Protective headwear and bodywear

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102004022848A1 (en) * 2004-05-08 2005-12-01 Busch, Egon, Dipl.-Ing. Ballistic protective armor as well as ballistic protective helmet and protective vest

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2789076A (en) * 1953-09-21 1957-04-16 Frieder Laminated ballistic fabric
US3392406A (en) * 1967-04-17 1968-07-16 Pernini Patricia Ann Flexible armored vest
US3745938A (en) * 1971-08-03 1973-07-17 R F Inc Compactible protective shield
US4090269A (en) * 1976-03-01 1978-05-23 Alpine Designs, Inc. Insulated covering
US4633528A (en) * 1984-07-30 1987-01-06 Brandt Raymond W Bullet affecting/deflecting material
US5657497A (en) * 1995-10-04 1997-08-19 Howe; Robert H. Sleeping bag with overlapping batts
US20060102276A1 (en) * 2003-12-03 2006-05-18 Dewitt Fabio Process for making a ceramic armor plate
US7067031B2 (en) * 2003-12-03 2006-06-27 Dew Engineering And Development Limited Process for making a ceramic armor plate
US20080087161A1 (en) * 2004-07-14 2008-04-17 Dean W Clark Projectile resistant armor
US7363846B1 (en) * 2004-07-14 2008-04-29 Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation Projectile resistant armor
US20120066820A1 (en) * 2010-09-20 2012-03-22 Bernard Fresco Protective headwear and bodywear

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CH108513A (en) 1925-01-16
FR577008A (en) 1924-08-29
GB211153A (en) 1924-08-21

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