US144349A - Improvement in chairs - Google Patents

Improvement in chairs Download PDF

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Publication number
US144349A
US144349A US144349DA US144349A US 144349 A US144349 A US 144349A US 144349D A US144349D A US 144349DA US 144349 A US144349 A US 144349A
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Prior art keywords
hinge
spring
seat
chairs
improvement
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C3/00Chairs characterised by structural features; Chairs or stools with rotatable or vertically-adjustable seats
    • A47C3/02Rocking chairs
    • A47C3/025Rocking chairs with seat, or seat and back-rest unit elastically or pivotally mounted in a rigid base frame
    • A47C3/026Rocking chairs with seat, or seat and back-rest unit elastically or pivotally mounted in a rigid base frame with central column, e.g. rocking office chairs; Tilting chairs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C7/00Parts, details, or accessories of chairs or stools
    • A47C7/36Support for the head or the back
    • A47C7/40Support for the head or the back for the back
    • A47C7/44Support for the head or the back for the back with elastically-mounted back-rest or backrest-seat unit in the base frame
    • A47C7/441Support for the head or the back for the back with elastically-mounted back-rest or backrest-seat unit in the base frame with adjustable elasticity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C7/00Parts, details, or accessories of chairs or stools
    • A47C7/36Support for the head or the back
    • A47C7/40Support for the head or the back for the back
    • A47C7/44Support for the head or the back for the back with elastically-mounted back-rest or backrest-seat unit in the base frame
    • A47C7/445Support for the head or the back for the back with elastically-mounted back-rest or backrest-seat unit in the base frame with bar or leaf springs

Description

UNITED STATES PATENTGEEIOE1 JACOB MORRISON AND HENRY M. HUTCHINSON, OF PHILADELPHIA, PA.

IMPROVEMENT IN CHAIRS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 144,349, dated November 4, 1873; application iiled September 29, 1873.

. the'county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Chairs; and we do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear,

and eXact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use it, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form part of this specification, in which- Figure l is a side elevation. Fig. 2 is a cross-section of hinge and spring.

The nature of our invention consists in the construction and combination of parts, as hereinafter fully set forth.

4Referring to the accompanying drawings, A is the seat, B are the legs, and O the center screw, of a revolving' chair, these several parts being constructed in the usual or any suitable manner. D represents a hinge or joint between the seat and legs, designed to permit a rocking motion of the seat, the center screw O being secured to the lower section D2 of this hinge in such manner that, when the seat is revolved, it will be raised or lowered by the movement of the screw. rIhe hinge is composed of two sections, Dl D2, united by means of a swivel pin or bolt, said sections being fastened to the seat and legs by means of thc frame and screw, as shown in the drawings. Each section is formed of a base, d1, with side pieces or lugs d2, through which latter the swivel-pin d passes. E represents an elliptical spring, formed of a single leaf or of several leaves, the latter being deemed preferable, having end bearings, as shown, on the extensions of the lower section of the hinge, its bow or arch pressing against the base of the upper section of the hinge. F represents a sliding block,

moved by a screw, f, and designed to increase or decrease, as desired, the tension ofthe spring E. The forward end of the said spring E resting upon said block, when the latter is moved toward the center of the hinge or pin d, the tension of the former will be increased, and vice versa. The block F also serves as a stop to prevent the front of the seat from descending too far. In order that this block may serve to adjust the tension, as described, of the spring, its upper surface and that part of the base d1 upon which it moves should be beveled, as shown at d3, or made nearly concentric with the curve of the spring, having, however, a more sudden or abrupt sweep than the latter. The upper edges of the side pieces or lugs cl2 of the lower section of the hinge form each an angular line, being horizontal at d4 to afford a rest to the seat, and prevent its being depressed too far in front, and beveled or inclined at d5 to allow the seat to be tilted.

Vhat we claim as our invention isl. In combination with the hinge D, the elliptical spring E, said spring having end bearings in the extensions of the lower section D2 of the hinge, its center or bow pressing against the base of the upper section of the hinge, substantially as set forth.

2. In combination with the hinge D and spring E, the movable block F and inclined plane D2, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

In testimony that we claim the foregoing we have hereunto set our hands this 25th day of September, 1873.

JACOB MORRISON. HENRY M. HUTOHJINSON.

W'itnesses:

JAMEs P. PETIT, EUGENE P. EnnsoN.

US144349D Improvement in chairs Expired - Lifetime US144349A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2818911A (en) * 1954-11-05 1958-01-07 Trumbull Dev Corp Tiltable office chair
US4077596A (en) * 1975-06-18 1978-03-07 Bliss & Laughlin Industries, Incorporated Low silhouette chair tilting control assembly
US4889384A (en) * 1988-07-10 1989-12-26 Leggett & Platt, Incorporated Knee-action chair control
US6250715B1 (en) 1998-01-21 2001-06-26 Herman Miller, Inc. Chair
US20050029848A1 (en) * 2002-09-12 2005-02-10 Heidmann Kurt R. Seating unit having motion control
US6880886B2 (en) 2002-09-12 2005-04-19 Steelcase Development Corporation Combined tension and back stop function for seating unit
US8262162B2 (en) 2007-01-29 2012-09-11 Herman Miller, Inc. Biasing mechanism for a seating structure and methods for the use thereof
US9560917B2 (en) 2014-11-26 2017-02-07 Steelcase Inc. Recline adjustment system for chair

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2818911A (en) * 1954-11-05 1958-01-07 Trumbull Dev Corp Tiltable office chair
US4077596A (en) * 1975-06-18 1978-03-07 Bliss & Laughlin Industries, Incorporated Low silhouette chair tilting control assembly
US4889384A (en) * 1988-07-10 1989-12-26 Leggett & Platt, Incorporated Knee-action chair control
US6250715B1 (en) 1998-01-21 2001-06-26 Herman Miller, Inc. Chair
US6367876B2 (en) 1998-01-21 2002-04-09 Herman Miller, Inc. Chair
US7004543B2 (en) 1998-01-21 2006-02-28 Herman Miller, Inc. Chair
US6880886B2 (en) 2002-09-12 2005-04-19 Steelcase Development Corporation Combined tension and back stop function for seating unit
US6869142B2 (en) 2002-09-12 2005-03-22 Steelcase Development Corporation Seating unit having motion control
US6957863B2 (en) 2002-09-12 2005-10-25 Steelcase Development Corporation Seating unit having motion control
US20050029848A1 (en) * 2002-09-12 2005-02-10 Heidmann Kurt R. Seating unit having motion control
US20060055220A1 (en) * 2002-09-12 2006-03-16 Heidmann Kurt R Seating unit with novel flexible supports
US7165811B2 (en) 2002-09-12 2007-01-23 Steelcase Development Corporation Control mechanism for seating unit
US7234774B2 (en) 2002-09-12 2007-06-26 Steelcase Development Corporation Seating unit with novel flexible supports
US8262162B2 (en) 2007-01-29 2012-09-11 Herman Miller, Inc. Biasing mechanism for a seating structure and methods for the use thereof
US9560917B2 (en) 2014-11-26 2017-02-07 Steelcase Inc. Recline adjustment system for chair

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