US1434083A - Fireplace - Google Patents

Fireplace Download PDF

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Publication number
US1434083A
US1434083A US55669722A US1434083A US 1434083 A US1434083 A US 1434083A US 55669722 A US55669722 A US 55669722A US 1434083 A US1434083 A US 1434083A
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United States
Prior art keywords
hood
fireplace
chamber
pipes
open
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Brander Gesner Theodore
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Brander Gesner Theodore
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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Priority to US55669722 priority Critical patent/US1434083A/en
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Publication of US1434083A publication Critical patent/US1434083A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/185Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating; Controlling combustion
    • F24B1/188Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating; Controlling combustion characterised by use of heat exchange means, e.g. using a particular heat exchange medium, e.g. oil, gas
    • F24B1/1885Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating; Controlling combustion characterised by use of heat exchange means, e.g. using a particular heat exchange medium, e.g. oil, gas the heat exchange medium being air only

Description

G. T. BRANDER.

FIREPLACE.

APPLIQATION FILED APR-26, 1922.

1,434,033, Patented Oct. 31, 1922.

2 SHEETSSHEET G. T. BRANDER. FIREPLACE; APPLICATION FlLED APR.26y 1922.

1,434,083. Patented Oct. 31, 1922.

2 SHEETSSHEET 2.

i 'mm 1 [FE/vim Tim/van lPetented Get. 31, 1922.

rran era GESNER THEODORE BRANDETL, 0F CALGARY, ALBERTA, CANADA.

FIREPLACE.

i the following is a specification.

This invention relates to improvements in fireplaces, and has for its objects to provide a means of conserving the heat generated. by the fire in the hearth; to provide means whereby a supply of cold air may be fed into the hood placed in the fireplace which air will be heated and subsequently radiated through a screen carried by the front of the hood; to provide a means whereby air will be fed from the basement of the house into the hood and also' from the rooms of the house; to provide regulating dampers in order to regulate the draft through the hood.

Further objects are to provide a hood which will be located in the open fireplace and provided with a plurality of vertical pipes extendingtherethrough into a charm ber formed in the top of the hood and communicating with the flue, in order to carry 01f the products of combustion.

Still further objects are to provide an im proved open fireplace that is simple in con struction, not liable to go out of repair, and generally to adapt the several parts to better perform the functions required of them.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of an open fireplace equipped with the improved heat saving apparatus.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the improved device with parts broken away.

Figure 3 is vertical section through the same.

Figure 1 is a longitudinal section.

Figure 5 is a perspective view of the improved damper plate. a

Figure 6 is a perspective view of the improved device taken from the rear thereof.

in the drawings, like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.

Referring to the drawings:

A represents a fireplace of usual construction having the improved device B mounted on top of the fireplace. The improved de vice consists of a hood or casing 10 having an angular-shaped top 11 in which is formed an angular-shaped chamber 12 communicat- Application tiled April 26, 1922. Serial No. 556,697.

ing with the fireplace through a plurality of vertical. pipes 1.3 extending through the hood. (3 indicates the usual grate in the fireplace. i I

The openings of the pipes ii-l in the chamber 12 may be closed or opened by means of two regulating damper plates l l and 15.

which are each provided with elongated slots 16 which are designed to uncover the openings of the pipes 13 when the draft is to be increased. The damper plates 14; and 15 are regulated from the outside of the chimney by means or" the two handles 1'? and 18. a i p The outlet flue 19 oi the fireplace leads into the chamber 12, and the outlet may be controlled by means of a damper 20 operated by the knob 21. A. cold air inlet pipe 22 is provided which is formed with a hopper 28 extending to the basement of he house in which the fireplace is located and leading into the outlet flue which is above the damper 20.

A second air inlet is provided by an air duct 25 connected tothe hood on the rear wall thereof, as shown at 26, and leading to any suitable place in the wall of the room as at 2?. The hoodlO, previously described, is formed with an open front wall which is designed to be normally provided with a frame 28 carrying an open-mesh screen 29 through which the air heated in the hood 10 may be suitably radiated. into the room. a

When a fireplace equipped with this improved device is heated, the products of combustion will rise through the vertical pipes 13 into the chamber 12 and thus through the outlet 19 into the flue. The air supplied to create the required draft will be fed through the hopper from the basement of the house through the pipe 22 and into theflue 19 above the damper 20, whereby the damper 20 will be used to regulate the openings of the pipe 22 and also of the outlet flue 19.

The cold air will be drawn through the pipe 25 and led into the hood 10 underneath the chamber 12 in which it is completely out of contact with the products of combustion which are rising through the pipes 13 in the chamber 12.

The hot products of combustion rising through the pipes 13, and remaining in the chamber 12 for a time which may be regulated by the operation of the damper plates 14 and 15 to vary the openings of the pipes 13, will heat the cold air fed into the hood 10 by the heat radiated through the metallic parts of the hood. I I

T he heated air in the hood ie then radiated through the screen 29 into the room which is suitably heated. through the pipe the fire in the hearth C may be suitably regulated by the adjustment of the plates let openings of the vertical pipes 13 through the operating handles or knobs 1'7 and18, while the damper 20 in the chimney flue 19 may be operated by the knob 21.

It will be obvious, by means of this improved device, the heat will not be wasted by going out through the chimney fine with the products of combustion, but that theair heated by the fire and the products of combustion, is permanently out of contact from the said products of combustion and unable to escape through the chimney flue 19 on account of being housed in the hood 10 which is completely closed from the flue 19. All the air heated is then radiated through the chamber through the screen 29 without any of it being lost through a draft created by the products of combustion escaping through the flue.

As many changes could be made in above construction and many apparently widely different embodiments of my invention within the scope of the claims, constructed without departing from the spirit or scope thereof, it is intended that all matter contained in the accompanying specificaand 15 on top of the r into the fireplace,

the

through the hood.

2. An improved open fireplace comprismg, in comblnation therewith, a hood;

formed with an open front angular top, a chamber at hood, a plurality of pipes extending through the hood into the chamber and opening in the chamber, an outlet pipe in the chamber, and airinlets leading to the hood,

3. An improved open fireplace ing, in combination therewith, formed with an open angular top,

a hood the hood into the chamber and opening into the fireplace, a slotted damper a. The improved open fireplace claimed in,

claim 3,in which a frame is provided in the and having an i the top of the,

means to close the pipes front and having an. achamber at the top of the; hood, a plurality of pipes extending through;

70 plate to close; the pipes, and means to operate the plate, an outlet pipe in the chamber, a damper in,

open front of the hood having an open-mesh 1 screen therein.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand 1n the presence of two witnesses.;

ensnnn THEODORE BRANDER Witnesses:

Eva MYRTLE Jonnsron, WALTER Ross BRANDEa.

US55669722 1922-04-26 1922-04-26 Fireplace Expired - Lifetime US1434083A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US55669722 US1434083A (en) 1922-04-26 1922-04-26 Fireplace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US55669722 US1434083A (en) 1922-04-26 1922-04-26 Fireplace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US1434083A true US1434083A (en) 1922-10-31

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US55669722 Expired - Lifetime US1434083A (en) 1922-04-26 1922-04-26 Fireplace

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4103669A (en) * 1976-06-03 1978-08-01 Pauley Eugene E Fireplace heat exchanger assembly
US4241719A (en) * 1978-03-17 1980-12-30 Vickery Joseph K Heater stove apparatus
US4254757A (en) * 1979-07-24 1981-03-10 Charles Emmendorfer Fireplace heat generating system
US4418680A (en) * 1981-05-06 1983-12-06 Merle Y. Broadbent Fireplace damper and air flow control

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4103669A (en) * 1976-06-03 1978-08-01 Pauley Eugene E Fireplace heat exchanger assembly
US4241719A (en) * 1978-03-17 1980-12-30 Vickery Joseph K Heater stove apparatus
US4254757A (en) * 1979-07-24 1981-03-10 Charles Emmendorfer Fireplace heat generating system
US4418680A (en) * 1981-05-06 1983-12-06 Merle Y. Broadbent Fireplace damper and air flow control

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