US1334425A - Combination-tool - Google Patents

Combination-tool Download PDF

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Publication number
US1334425A
US1334425A US27245319A US1334425A US 1334425 A US1334425 A US 1334425A US 27245319 A US27245319 A US 27245319A US 1334425 A US1334425 A US 1334425A
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United States
Prior art keywords
head
handles
parts
tool
portions
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Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Henry G Wernimont
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Henry G Wernimont
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Priority to US27245319 priority Critical patent/US1334425A/en
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Publication of US1334425A publication Critical patent/US1334425A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/02Jaws
    • B25B7/04Jaws adjustable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25FCOMBINATION OR MULTI-PURPOSE TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DETAILS OR COMPONENTS OF PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS NOT PARTICULARLY RELATED TO THE OPERATIONS PERFORMED AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B25F1/00Combination or multi-purpose hand tools
    • B25F1/003Combination or multi-purpose hand tools of pliers'-, scissors'- or wrench-type with at least one movable jaw

Description

H.G. WERNIMONT.

COMBINATION TOOL-v INVENTOR. GWQ v m m 6 q ATTORNEYS,

Patented Mar.23,1920.

2 SHEETSSHEET I.

WITNESS:

H; e. WERNIMONT.

COMBINATION TOOL.

APPLICATION FILED JAN. 22, I919.

Patented Mar. 23,1920.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

I N VEN TOR.

A TTORNEYS.

UNITED STATES. PATENT OFFICE.

HENRY G. WEBNIMONT, OF WASHINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

COMBINATION-TOOL.

Application filed January 22, 1919.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, T'IENBY Gr. Wnnnr- MONT, a citizen of the United States, residing at \Vashington, District of Columbia, have invented certain new and useful Iniprovements in Combination-Tools; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description oi the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same The present invention relates to compound tools of the plier type, and is particularly an improvement over the combination tool disclosed in my Patent No. 1,079,997, granted Dec. 2, 1913.

It is the objedt of this invention to simplify and improve the tool, whereby to reduce the cost and facilitate the manufacture or, the tool, and to enhance thereof.

ld ith the foregoing and other objects in view which will be apparent as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the construction and arrangement of parts here inafter described and claimed, (lei-stood that changes can be made within the scope oi? what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein 2 Figure 1. is a side elevation of the tool showing the same as used as an ordinary pliers, pincers. wire cutter and the like.

Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the head reversed to use the tool as a pair oi? nippers, cutting pincers', or the like.

Fig. 3 is a similar view showing the handles separated to open the jaws or cutters, the handles being partially broken away.

Fig. 4t is a side elevation showing the handles set at an angle different from that seen in Fig. i

Fig. 5 shows the head in a transverse position relatively to the handles to bring both sets of jaws into use and located at angles relatively to the handles.

Figs. 6 and 7 show other positions of the several elements for use under other conditions.

Fig. 8 is a crosssection taken on the line S-8 of Fig 3 to show the connection of the parts.

Fig. 9 is an elevation of one handle show ing the outer end thereof.

Specification of Letters Patent.

the utility it being nn- Patented Mar. 23, 1920.

Serial No. 272,453.

Figs. 10 and ll are elevations of the two parts of the head, showing the similarity thereof and the slight di'lierences in the holes therein.

Figs. 12 and 13ers detail views showing the ends of the handles formed for use a screwdriver and a. tack-puller respectively.

The tool comprises a pair of suitable handles or levers 1 provided at their outer ends with the flat portions or tongues '2, the levers or handles being of duplicate construction, but in reversed positions, so as to reduce the cost of manufacture.

The head of the tool is mounted between the portions 2 for pivotal movement and adjustment, and this head consists of two parts or side pieces 3 disposed side by side snugly between the portions 2, each part or section 3 of the head being provided at one end with a hoolcshaped jaw or cutter blade st, and at the opposite end with a plier or p1ncer jaw 5. The two parts or sections of the head are duplicates in reversed positions so as to cross one another at their intermediate portions. The faces of the jaws 5 have the flat toothed portions 6 at the ends of the jaws, the concaved toothed portions 7 between the ends of the jaws, and the wire cutting notches or portions 8 at the inner ends of the jaws. The intern'iediate flat portions of the parts or sections of the head are clamped between the portions 2 of the handles as seen in Fig. 8, and the opposite sides of. the parts 3 are provided with outstanding bosses or lugs 9 of hexagonal or polygonal form, and the portions 2 have similarly-shaped openings 10 for snugly receiving said bosses or lugs at the outer sides of said portions 2, to engage the parts of the head with the handles for movement therewith. i

A bolt 11 is used for pivotally connecting and clamping the parts together, said bolt having a smooth cylindrical portion 12 to extend through a smooth circular aperture 13 in one part 3, and the bolt having a square or polygonal portion 1a to fit in a similar aperture 15 in the other part 3, whereby the bolt 11 and last-named part will not rotate relatively. The portion is adjacent to the flat head 16 of the bolt which bears against the respective portion 2 and boss 9 opposite to the part 3 through which the portion 14: extends and a suitable nut 17 is threaded on the threaded terminal of the bolt to bear against the opposite per tion 2 and boss 9. The nut 17 is such that it can be conveniently loosened and tightened by the thumb and fingers, and when the nut is tightened, the parts 3 are firmly clamped together, but permitting the parts 3 to swing relatively when the handles are swung toward and away from one another.

y unloosening the nut 17 suflieiently, the parts can be shifted transversely, in order that either handle can be released from its part or section of the head, thus permitting the handle and head to be adjusted angularly relatively to one another, and each handle can thus be adjusted, or the parts of the head turned to difilerent positions, as seen in Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4t, 5, 6 and 7. These and other positions of the parts enable the implement to be used under various conditions and for many purposes. As shown in Fig. 1, the implement is used as an ordinary pair of pliers or pincers, or as a wire cutter. In this position, the head is dis posed longitudinally of the handles with the aws 5 outermost, whereas, as seen in head is reversed with the jaws or cutters 4t outermost to use the tool as a pair of nippers or cutting pincers. Not

1 only can the head be ad usted to various angles, but the parts thereof can be adjusted angularly relatively to one another and to the handles to adapt the tool to various conditions and to perform various sorts of work. Thus, each handle and its part or section of the head can be set at siX angular positions relatively to one another, thereby giving a considerable latitude of adjustment. The construction is simplified and improved to enhance the utility and practicability'of the tool, and enable it to be manufactured easier and at smaller cost. 'The ends of the handles 1 can be formed to provide a screwdriver blade 18, and a tackpuller 19, as shown in Figs. 12 and 13; and the implement can also be used as a hammer and for other purposes as will suggest theinselves to the user.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is 1. A combination tool having a pair oi. handles provided with spaced portions having polygonal openings therethrough, a head comprising two parts disposed side b side between said portions and having active portions to be arranged at various angles relatively to the handles, the opposite sides of said parts of the head having out standing polygonal bosses to fit in said openings, and a clamping and pivot bolt extending through said parts of the head and having a head and nut to bear against said bosses and portions of the handles.

2. A combination tool having a pair of handles provided with spaced portions having polygonal openings therethrough, a hea comprising two parts disposed side by side between said portions and having active portions to be arranged at various angles relatively to the handles, the opposite sides of said parts of the head having outstanding polygonal bosses R) fit in said openings, and a clamping and pivot bolt extending through said parts of the head and having a head and nut to bear against said bosses and portions of the handles, said and a polygonal portion, and one part of the head having a smooth circular aperture receiving said cylindrical portion and the other part of the head having a polygonal aperture receiving the polygonal portion of the bolt, the bolt head bearing against the boss of that part of the head having the cylindrical aperture, and the nut bearing against the boss of the other part of the head having the polygonal aperture.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification.

HENRY G. lVER-NIMONT.

US27245319 1919-01-22 1919-01-22 Combination-tool Expired - Lifetime US1334425A (en)

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US1334425A true US1334425A (en) 1920-03-23

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4238862A (en) * 1978-07-13 1980-12-16 Leatherman Timothy S Pocket multiple tool
US5245721A (en) * 1992-02-19 1993-09-21 Lowe Joseph T Combination tool
US5697114A (en) * 1996-02-29 1997-12-16 Bear Mgc Cutlery Co., Inc. Folding multi-tool
US5963999A (en) * 1996-10-07 1999-10-12 Imperial Schrade Corp. Multi-purpose folding tool
US5964131A (en) * 1997-01-17 1999-10-12 Valle De Oro Bank, N.A. Hand tool with sculpted handles and integral key ring
US5978993A (en) * 1996-11-18 1999-11-09 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Folding multi-purpose tool with comfortable handles
US6170104B1 (en) 1996-01-11 2001-01-09 Buck Knives, Inc. Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release
USD450996S1 (en) 2001-03-28 2001-11-27 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable multi tool
US6357068B1 (en) 1996-01-11 2002-03-19 Buck Knives, Inc. Combination tool with oppositely deploying handles
USD458527S1 (en) 2000-06-15 2002-06-11 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable hand tool
US6487941B1 (en) 2001-10-01 2002-12-03 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Hand tool
US6578221B2 (en) 2001-03-28 2003-06-17 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable multi-tool
USD477766S1 (en) 2000-06-15 2003-07-29 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable hand tool
USD486715S1 (en) 2001-10-01 2004-02-17 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Hand tool
US6694558B2 (en) 2000-06-15 2004-02-24 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable hand tool
US6721983B2 (en) 1998-10-13 2004-04-20 Fiskars Brands, Inc. Multi-function tool with lever latch
USD491439S1 (en) 2000-06-15 2004-06-15 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable hand tool
USD493346S1 (en) 2000-06-15 2004-07-27 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc, Foldable hand tool
USD498125S1 (en) 2001-10-01 2004-11-09 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Hand tool
US7451673B1 (en) 2007-08-15 2008-11-18 Snap-On Incorporated Indexable pliers-type tool
US20090113721A1 (en) * 2007-11-02 2009-05-07 Glenn Robinson Clamping and cutting apparatus with interchangeable heads
US20100005640A1 (en) * 2008-07-11 2010-01-14 David Graham Fuller Scrivet fastener removal tool
US20180215012A1 (en) * 2017-02-01 2018-08-02 Tti (Macao Commercial Offshore) Limited Multi-function clamp

Cited By (37)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4238862A (en) * 1978-07-13 1980-12-16 Leatherman Timothy S Pocket multiple tool
US5245721A (en) * 1992-02-19 1993-09-21 Lowe Joseph T Combination tool
US20040255389A1 (en) * 1996-01-11 2004-12-23 Seber Brett P. Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release
US6487740B2 (en) 1996-01-11 2002-12-03 Buck Knives, Inc. Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release
US6357068B1 (en) 1996-01-11 2002-03-19 Buck Knives, Inc. Combination tool with oppositely deploying handles
US7080423B2 (en) 1996-01-11 2006-07-25 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release
US6170104B1 (en) 1996-01-11 2001-01-09 Buck Knives, Inc. Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release
US6233769B1 (en) 1996-01-11 2001-05-22 Buck Knives, Inc. Hand tool with multiple locking blades controlled by a single locking mechanism and release
US6047426A (en) * 1996-02-29 2000-04-11 Bear Mgc Cutlery Co., Inc. Folding multi-tool with adjustable pliers
US6983505B2 (en) 1996-02-29 2006-01-10 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Folding multi-tool with adjustable pliers
US6718585B2 (en) 1996-02-29 2004-04-13 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Folding multi-tool with adjustable pliers
US5697114A (en) * 1996-02-29 1997-12-16 Bear Mgc Cutlery Co., Inc. Folding multi-tool
US20040181880A1 (en) * 1996-02-29 2004-09-23 Mcintosh Herman J. Folding multi-tool with adjustable pliers
US6430768B2 (en) 1996-02-29 2002-08-13 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Folding multi-tool with adjustable pliers
US5963999A (en) * 1996-10-07 1999-10-12 Imperial Schrade Corp. Multi-purpose folding tool
US5978993A (en) * 1996-11-18 1999-11-09 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Folding multi-purpose tool with comfortable handles
US5996451A (en) * 1997-01-17 1999-12-07 Valley De Oro Bank, N.A. Hand tool with sculpted handles and integral key ring
US5964131A (en) * 1997-01-17 1999-10-12 Valle De Oro Bank, N.A. Hand tool with sculpted handles and integral key ring
US6721983B2 (en) 1998-10-13 2004-04-20 Fiskars Brands, Inc. Multi-function tool with lever latch
USD493346S1 (en) 2000-06-15 2004-07-27 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc, Foldable hand tool
USD477766S1 (en) 2000-06-15 2003-07-29 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable hand tool
US6694558B2 (en) 2000-06-15 2004-02-24 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable hand tool
USD488367S1 (en) 2000-06-15 2004-04-13 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable hand tool
USD469328S1 (en) 2000-06-15 2003-01-28 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable hand tool
USD458527S1 (en) 2000-06-15 2002-06-11 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable hand tool
USD491439S1 (en) 2000-06-15 2004-06-15 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable hand tool
USD476546S1 (en) 2000-06-15 2003-07-01 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable hand tool
US6578221B2 (en) 2001-03-28 2003-06-17 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable multi-tool
USD450996S1 (en) 2001-03-28 2001-11-27 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Foldable multi tool
USD486715S1 (en) 2001-10-01 2004-02-17 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Hand tool
USD498125S1 (en) 2001-10-01 2004-11-09 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Hand tool
US6487941B1 (en) 2001-10-01 2002-12-03 Great Neck Saw Manufacturers, Inc. Hand tool
US7451673B1 (en) 2007-08-15 2008-11-18 Snap-On Incorporated Indexable pliers-type tool
US20090113721A1 (en) * 2007-11-02 2009-05-07 Glenn Robinson Clamping and cutting apparatus with interchangeable heads
US7730811B2 (en) 2007-11-02 2010-06-08 IBT Holdings, Inc. Clamping and cutting apparatus with interchangeable heads
US20100005640A1 (en) * 2008-07-11 2010-01-14 David Graham Fuller Scrivet fastener removal tool
US20180215012A1 (en) * 2017-02-01 2018-08-02 Tti (Macao Commercial Offshore) Limited Multi-function clamp

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