US130798A - Improvement in fountains - Google Patents

Improvement in fountains Download PDF

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US130798A
US130798A US130798DA US130798A US 130798 A US130798 A US 130798A US 130798D A US130798D A US 130798DA US 130798 A US130798 A US 130798A
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stem
water
cap
lower end
jet
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B3/00Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements ; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet
    • B05B3/02Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements ; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements
    • B05B3/04Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements ; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet
    • B05B3/06Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements ; Spraying or sprinkling heads with rotating elements located upstream the outlet with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet by jet reaction, i.e. creating a spinning torque due to a tangential component of the jet

Description

G. FNLEY.

Improvement in Fountains.

Paened Agg. 27, '1872.

ilivrrEio1 STATES GEORGE FINLEY, OF PITTSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA.'

IMPROVEMENT IN FCUNTAINS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 130,798, dated August 27, 18722.

SPECIFICATION.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, GEORGE FINLEY, of Pittsburg, in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Fountains; and I do hereby declare the 'following to be a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawing making a part of this specification, in ,which- Figure 1 is a sectional view of my improved fountain. Fig. 2 is a lower end view of the cap on the lower end of the stem, showing the water-inlet port closed by the rotating disk above; and Fig. 3, by a like view, shows the same port partly open.

Like letters of reference indicate like parts in each. ,f

My invention consists, in the construction of an ornamental revolving fountain, of the features and parts hereinafter claimed.

In the drawing, a is the supply or water pipe, to which the stationary stem of the fountain is attached by the joint b. Above the joint is a large chamber, c, in the upper end of which the stationary center pipe orhollow stem d is fastened, as at d. The lower end of the stem d extends downward nearly to the bottom'of the chamber c, and stands directly in front of the inlet a. The upper end of the stem l extends upward nearly to the topof the fountain, and serves as a center pin or stem, upon which the working or revolving parts turn. Resting upon the shoulder e and enveloping the stem el is an outer shell, f, having two chambers, g, and a-jet-cap, 7L. Running downward from the center of the cap h through the entire length of the stem el, and project-ing through the cap z', which closes the lower end of the stem d, is a tube or pipe, k, into which water is admitted intermittingly by a circular rotating valve, x, consisting of the disk l, having a port, Z', rotating over the port m in the cap m, which screws onto the cap t' on the lower end of the stem d. The tube lc projects a little below the cap i so .as to allow it a slight vertical play or movement, which is limited in its upward motion by the valve-box o and in its downward motion by the shoulder c, which supports the entire moving portion ofthe fountain. In the lower end of the stem d, inside of the chamber c, is a series of inlet-.holes or openings, p,

through which the water passes from the chamber c into the stem d, from which it passes, through the openings r, into the chambers g g. Extending out from four or more sides of the chambers g g is a series of jet-pipes or arms, q, the ends of which are bent around s`o as to turn the jet of water at right angles to the pipeg. The upper end of the stem d terminates at the jet-cap h so as to open into the jet-stems h. The outershell f is divided into two sections, f1 f2, each of which contains one of the chambers g, and which are separated from each other by the nut pr collarfs. When the fountain is in operation these sections are rotated in opposite directions by the reaction of the water passing from the jet-stems q, the bent ends of which are turned in the direction opposite to the direction of the rotation of the section. The rotation of the upper section f1 causes the rotation in like manner of the cap It and tube k, thereby operating the valve w. The rotation of the cap h causes the jets of water from the stems h to cross each other and form a figure like the figure 8, presenting a very beautiful and ornamental appearance.

The operation is as follows: Water is admitted from the supply-pipe a into the chamber c, and from thence passes, asindicated by arrows, through the'openings p into the center stem d, where a portion ascends directly to and out of the jetfstems h', while the balance passesv out through the openings r into the chambers g g, and from thence into and out of the jetarms q, and by its reaction causes the rotation of the sections fl f2 in opposite directions. s, before described, the rotation of the section fL causes the operation of thelvalve w, which ad'- "mits the water intermittingly into the pipedc,

which being in a direct line from the supplyi- `pipe a, the water passes directly through without much friction, and, therefore, rises higher above the pipe k than the jets which pass through the jet-pipes h. .By reason of the action of the valve a; admitting the water into the tube k intermittingly the center jet of water rises and falls by a pulsating motion. The upward pressure of the water against the, valve-boxofoperating against the lower and outer surface ordisk l when the valve is closed, and against the inner 'and upper surface or disk o when it is open, raises the valve-box, and with it the shell f, until the upper disk fv comes in contact with the cap z' a slight distance,

just sufficient to raisethe shell j' from the shoulder e. The effect of this is to reduce the friction of the working parts by transferring it from between the shoulder e and the lower end of the shell f to the wearing-surface of the adjacent faces of the cap i and valve-box o, the ascending column of water serving to support almost the entire weight of the working parts.

By this application of the upward pressure of the column-of inflowing water I am enabled to make a great reduction in the frictional wear of the working or rotating parts, and thereby overcome, in a great degree, one of the chief objections to rotating fountains.

The lower end of the center stem, perforated at p, serves as a strainer to prevent the passage of any obstructln g or clogging matter into the fountain, and for this purpose the perforations 19 should be as small or smaller than openings 1' 1*.

The advantages of this fountain are its simplicity of construction, the combination in one stem of devices for producing both stationary and rotating jets of water, and the ease and perfection of its operation.

The jet-pipes q q are fastened with a screw or a ball-and-socket joint, so that they may be turned in any direction, and many striking and beautiful effects may be produced by varying their operations. Their numbers may be increased or lessened; and the same is the case in reference to the jets in the cap h.

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

' l. In a rotating fountain, the stationary center pipe or hollow stem d, having perforations in its lower end, in combination with the water-chamber c, chambers g g, and oppositelyrevolving jets q q, substantially as described.

2. The pipe 7c, having an exposed surface or disk at its lower end, extending transversely Witnesses:

A. S. NrcrroLsoN, T. B. KEER.

US130798D Improvement in fountains Expired - Lifetime US130798A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608981A (en) * 1944-02-03 1952-09-02 Otto V Jackson Dishwashing machine
US2797964A (en) * 1954-04-16 1957-07-02 Alexander John Richmond Nozzle assembly
US2880938A (en) * 1957-12-23 1959-04-07 Gerald E Stewart Fluid pressure cleaning device
US2964246A (en) * 1956-04-27 1960-12-13 Grace W R & Co Gasket applying machine
US2970771A (en) * 1956-11-09 1961-02-07 Dancing Waters Inc Nozzle arrangement for fountain displays
US6109546A (en) * 1999-02-09 2000-08-29 Ormiston; Timothy G. Lawn sprinkler and bearing therefore
US20040018500A1 (en) * 2001-11-21 2004-01-29 Norman Glassbrook Methods and systems for analyzing complex biological systems

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608981A (en) * 1944-02-03 1952-09-02 Otto V Jackson Dishwashing machine
US2797964A (en) * 1954-04-16 1957-07-02 Alexander John Richmond Nozzle assembly
US2964246A (en) * 1956-04-27 1960-12-13 Grace W R & Co Gasket applying machine
US2970771A (en) * 1956-11-09 1961-02-07 Dancing Waters Inc Nozzle arrangement for fountain displays
US2880938A (en) * 1957-12-23 1959-04-07 Gerald E Stewart Fluid pressure cleaning device
US6109546A (en) * 1999-02-09 2000-08-29 Ormiston; Timothy G. Lawn sprinkler and bearing therefore
US20040018500A1 (en) * 2001-11-21 2004-01-29 Norman Glassbrook Methods and systems for analyzing complex biological systems
US20040018501A1 (en) * 2001-11-21 2004-01-29 Keith Allen Methods and systems for analyzing complex biological systems
US20040024293A1 (en) * 2001-11-21 2004-02-05 Matthew Lawrence Methods and systems for analyzing complex biological systems

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