US1287051A - Stove. - Google Patents

Stove. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1287051A
US1287051A US24476018A US24476018A US1287051A US 1287051 A US1287051 A US 1287051A US 24476018 A US24476018 A US 24476018A US 24476018 A US24476018 A US 24476018A US 1287051 A US1287051 A US 1287051A
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United States
Prior art keywords
casing
heater
partitions
stove
space
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Expired - Lifetime
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US24476018A
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James B Lakin
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James B Lakin
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B5/00Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges
    • F24B5/02Combustion-air or flue-gas circulation in or around stoves or ranges in or around stoves

Description

I. B. LAKBN.
srova.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 13, I918. 1,Q?,51, Patented Dec. 10, 1918.
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Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 10, 1918.
Application filed July 13, 1918. Serial No. 244,760.
To all whom it may concern:
'Be it known that I, JAMEs B. LAKIN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Phelps City, in the county of Atchison and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Stoves, of which the followingis a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to certain improvements in stoves and it is an object of the invention to provide a stove having novel and improved means whereby an effectivecirculation of air is created within the casing of the stove to distribute the heat therearound in a manner to materially'in'crease the heat radiation. f
It is also an object of the invention to provide a 'stove' comprisingtacasing and a heater arranged therein and clos'edat its upper end together withmea-ns forcausing a draft to passv through the heater andyto travel therearound before, escaping through the the so that the heating efliciency. of the stove is materially increased' The invention consists in the details of construction and in the combination 'and' arrangement of the several parts of my improved stove whereby certaiirlmportant advantages are attained and the: device rendered simpler, less expensive and otherwise more convenient and advantageous for use, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth,
The novel features of my invention will hereinafter be definitely clainiedl. I 'j I In order that my invention may be the better understood Iwill now proceed to describe the same with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is'a vertical sectional view taken through a stove constructed in'accordance with an embodimentof myinvention, s
Fig. 2 is also avertical sectional view taken through my improved stoveas herein disclosed, but at right'angles 'to the line of section in Fig. 1; 7 i Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken substantially onthe line 3-3 ofFigl'l; and if Fig. 4 is "a sectional viewtaken substantially on'the line 44 of Figl 1; f
"As disclosed in the accompanying drawings C denotes a casingof my improved stovewhich is hereindisclosed'as'circular in top" plan and which is provided with 'a flat top 1 affording a cooking surface. 'slde tance below the top 1 of the stove.
of the stove adjacent the bottom 2 thereof 1s provided with an ash door 3 provided with a damper of a conventional type.
Suitably supported within the casing C is a heaterspaced from the casing C and com prising a combustion chamberfire pot and grate, and said heater is closed at its upper end. In vertical ialinement with the ash door 4 is a fuel door 51Whichis' in communication. with the interior ofi the heater P through the medium of: the chute 6 The fuel door 5 is also provided with adamper] of any desired type. 'Diametrically opposed to the fuel door 4, theiheater P is provided with an opening S'communicating with the space within the casing G surrounding the heater Th e space surrounding the heater P is divided In communication with the,,chamber through the top 1 of the casing G is', the flue -F which is adapted to have suitable communication with a chimney or'ythe like; The upper portion of the" partition 9 separating the chambers or compartments A and A is provided with the open'ing'll under control of a damper 12 of a butterfly" type.
' When a fire is being started within the pot P the damper 4 in the door 3 is open and the damper 7 in the door '5 closed. The damper 12 is also open. By this means a substantially direct draft is created lipwardly through the grate G and out through the opening 8 upwardly of thechamber; or compartment A, through the opening:11; to the fiue F. 'After the fire has been properly started, the damper I2 is closedas is also the damper 4: while the damper 7 is open. The
draft then enters into the heater'P through the open damper 7, and the chute 6 and across thefire bed andout through the opening 8 into the chamber or compartment compartment A The draft passes upwardly of the chamber A and over a partition 9 into the chamber or The draft or heated air then passes downwardly of the chamber or compartment A and below the heater P to the chamber A and then passes upwardly of the chamber or compartment A out through the flue F.
This circulation of the heated air results in an effective distribution of the heated air so thatthe entire casing C has effective heat radiation. This circulation of the draft or heated air also prevents aportion of the easing C becoming unduly heated while the remaining portion of the casing C is only partially heated. a j Arranged below the grate G is a compartment T adapted to receive the ash pan. The walls of this compartment are imperforate with the bottom walls spaced from the bottom of the casing C so that the draft may readily pass therebeneath.
' The casing provided with a further door 14 to afford means whereby soot collected upon the bot tom of the casing C may be readily with drawn.
From the foregoing description, it is thought to be obvious that a stove constructed in accordance with my invention is particularly well adapted for use by reason of the convenience and facility with which it may be assembled and operated and it will also be obvious that my invention is susceptible of some change and modification without departing from the principles and spirit thereof and for this reason I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the precise arrangement and formation of the several parts herein shown in carrying out myinvention in practice except as hereinafter claimed. I
I claim:
I 1. A stove comprising a casing, a heater arranged within the casing and having its upper end'closed, said heater being spaced from the casing, a grate intersecting the lower" end of the heater, three partitions intersecting the space between the heater and the casing, said partitions terminating adjacent the'lower end of the heater so that 'the'po'rtion of the casing below the heater is substantially free and unobstructed, one of'sa-id partitions terminating below the top =o'f"the casing and the other two partitions extending to the top of the casing, a hori- "zontally disposed partition connecting the lower ends of the short partition and one the remaining partitions, said heater being provided with an opening in communication with the space between the short partition, and one of the partitions extending to the top of the casing, and a fine in communication with the space'between the partitions extending to the top of the casing,
C below the ash door 4 issaid casing having a damper controlled draft opening in communication with the heater above the grate.
2. A stove comprising a casing, a heater arranged within the casing and having its upper end closed, said heater being spaced from the casing, a grate intersecting the lower end of the heater, three partitions intersecting the space between the heater and the casing, said partitions terminating adjacent the lower end of the heater so that the portion of the casing below the heater issubstantially free and unobstructed, one of said partitions terminating below the top of the casing and the other two partitions extending to the top of the casing, a horizontally disposed partition connecting the lower ends of the short partition and one of the remaining partitions, said heater being provided with an opening in communication with the space between the short partition, and one of the partitions extending to the top of the casing, and a flue in com munication with the space between the partitions extending to the top of the casing, said casing having a damper controlled draft opening in communication with the heater above the grate, the partition extending to the top of the casing and adjacent the opening in the heater being provided with a damper-controlled opening to afford communication with the space between the partitions with which the flue communicates, said casing having a damper-controlled draft opening in communication with the casing below the grate.
8. A stove comprising a casing, a heater arranged within the casing and having its upper end closed, said heater being spaced from the casing, a grate intersecting the 106 lower end of the heater, three partitions intersecting the space between the. heater and the casing, said partitions terminating adjacent the lower end of the heater so that the portion of the casing below the heater 110 is substantially free and unobstructed, one of said partitions terminating below the top of the casing and the other two partitions extending to the topof the casing, a horizontally disposed partition connecting the lower ends of the short partition and one of the remaining partitions, said heater being provided with an opening in communication with the space between the short partition, and one of the partitions extending to the top of the casing, and; a flue in com munication with the space between the partitions extending to the top of the casing,
arranged Within the casing and having its upper end closed, said heater being spaced from the casing, a grate intersecting the lower end of the heater, three partitions intersecting the space between the heater and the casing, said partitions terminating adjacent the lower end of the heater so that the portion of the casing below the heater is substantially free and unobstructed, one of said partitions terminating below the top of .the casing and the other two partitions extending to the top of the casing, a horizontally disposed partition connecting the lower ends of the short partition and one of the remaining partitions, said heaterbeing provided with an opening in communi-- cation with the space between the short parto the top of the casing, a flue in communication With the space between the partitions extending to the top of the casing, said casing having a damper controlled draft opening in communication with the heater above the grate, and an imperforate Wall underlying the grate and spaced from the grate and the bottom of the casing and below which the draft is adapted to pass.
In testimony whereof I hereunto affix my signature in. the presence of two witnesses.
JAMES B. LAKIN.
Witnessesz.
Jos. Dunrnn, Jim. T. WELLS.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner 0! Patents Washington, D. 0."
tition, and one of the partitions extending 1
US24476018A 1918-07-13 1918-07-13 Stove. Expired - Lifetime US1287051A (en)

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US24476018A US1287051A (en) 1918-07-13 1918-07-13 Stove.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4347831A (en) * 1979-08-17 1982-09-07 Peter Graziano Fuel burning stove

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4347831A (en) * 1979-08-17 1982-09-07 Peter Graziano Fuel burning stove

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