US12628A - Valve for wind musical instruments - Google Patents

Valve for wind musical instruments Download PDF

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Publication number
US12628A
US12628A US12628DA US12628A US 12628 A US12628 A US 12628A US 12628D A US12628D A US 12628DA US 12628 A US12628 A US 12628A
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valve
instrument
musical instruments
valves
wind musical
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/04Valves; Valve controls

Description

UNITED sTATEs PATENT oEEIoE.
GUSTAVUS HAMMER, OF CINCINNATI, OHIO.
VALVE FOR WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS.
Specification of Letters Patent No. 12,628, dated April 8, 1855.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GUsTAvUs HAMMER, of the cit-y of Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Improvement in what is denominated Cylindrical Valves for Saxhorn Musical Instruments, and I do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon, making part of this specification.
The nature of my improvement consists in the manner of working the valves, for the purpose of preventing them from wearing out as readily as they do when the common method of working them is employed, and at the same time to get a uniform wear over all their surface.
The nature of my improvement, and the way I avoid theuneven wear of the valve, is to make the attachment for working it, between the bearing and the valve, thereby placing the power nearer the valve, which causes the force to be exerted more evenly over its entire surface, which prevents any one part from wearing out before the rest; but all wears uniformly together.
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention or improvement, I will proceed to describeits construction and operation, by referring to the accompanying drawings and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon.
Similar letters and figures refer to corresponding parts of the instrument.
Figure 1, represents a longitudinal sectional view of a saxhorn musical instrument, with the improved cylindrical valves attached; but the improved parts are not represented Vin this drawing-it is simply to show the relation the valves have to the parts of the instrument. Fig. 2, represents a longitudinal sectional view of the improved valve. Fig. 3, is a transverse sectional View of the valve, in connection with the piping of the instrument to which it is intended to be attached. Fig. 4 is a top view of the instrument, showing the manner of working the same. Fig. 5 is a bottom internal view of the instrument, showing how the valve is restricted in its distance of movement. Fig. 6 is a bottom view of the valve.
The instrument in all its parts is made similar to other instruments of the same kind, with the exception of the manner of arranging and working the valves.
a represents the mouth-piece of the instrument, and B, C, and (l are different pipes to which the valves 1, 1, 1, are partly attached, and by which the different notes are produced.
e, e, is that portion of the piping that is connected with the valves 1, 1, 1, and which continues around and lconnects itself with the (la, 57,) trumpet portion of the instrument.
1, 1, Fig. 2, represents the valve, properly speaking, which is made to work in the cylindrical case 18, 18, and is worked by means of the bow 15, string 16, which passes around the top of the valve as represented at 17 in Fig. 4, and is prevented from slipping by being held with the screw 19. The valve is worked with the fingers, as usual, by means of the key 14, which is connected to the bracket 12.
18 is a spring used for forcing back the key after it has been shoved down, the end of which is made to operate against the bracket 12, while the opposite end is connected to the upper part of the key 14. The valve works on two bearings, one at each end; the upper end is made to work in a portion of the casing, as represented at 4; the valve at this end is furnished with a steel pivot, 3, in order to produce a better wearing surface, and at the lower part of the valve, its pivot is formed out of a portion of the valve by turning it down to the right diameter, at 5; the lower part of the valve works in the guide plate 6, 6. This guide plate is used for governing the distance of the motion of the valve, which is effected, lirst by holding the guide plate in. one position by means of the pins 10, 10, which are fitted stationary to the plate, and made to slip in notches cut in the case. This plate is provided with a slot, 7 in which the pin, 9, is made to work, which is attached to the bottom of the valve, and the valve is thereby limited in the extent of its motion, by the length of the slot 7 in the guide plate. There is cork placed at each end 8, 8, of the slot, to prevent a rattling noise when the valves are moved. 11, 11, is the bottom piece of the valve case, and is attached to itlby means of screwing it on to the barre 18. A
The valve 1, 1, is provided with two open- A ings cut transversely through the valve, near its center and opposite each other, on its sides; t-he direction of the Wind in the instrument is changed by the moving of the valves through these openings. In F ig. 3 there is a sectional vieW of the valve in tWo different positions; one represented With black ink 1, 1, and the other position With red ink 20, 20. When the valve is in the position as represented in the case, 1, 1, the Wind passes through the instrument Without descending down through any of the branches B, C, and cl, as represented in Fig. 1. But When it is desired to Conduct the air down through any of the branches the valve is turned to correspond With the second position, or that represented by the red ink, and the air then passes through as repattached.
GUSTAVUS HAMMER..
/Vitnesses MARTIN BENSON, L. W. SMITH.
US12628D Valve for wind musical instruments Expired - Lifetime US12628A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3881388A (en) * 1973-12-11 1975-05-06 King Musical Instr Division Of Bifurcated valve structure
US4047459A (en) * 1975-08-08 1977-09-13 Satoshi Nakamura Valve tuning system for the brass musical instruments
US20030161784A1 (en) * 2002-02-25 2003-08-28 Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited Titanium oxide precursor and production method thereof, and production method of titanium oxide using the precursor
US20030236317A1 (en) * 2002-06-25 2003-12-25 Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited Titanium oxide dispersion composition, and method and container for preserving the same
US20120291609A1 (en) * 2011-05-17 2012-11-22 Kuo-Ming Hsiao Dual rotor axial-flow rotor valve structure

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3881388A (en) * 1973-12-11 1975-05-06 King Musical Instr Division Of Bifurcated valve structure
US4047459A (en) * 1975-08-08 1977-09-13 Satoshi Nakamura Valve tuning system for the brass musical instruments
US20030161784A1 (en) * 2002-02-25 2003-08-28 Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited Titanium oxide precursor and production method thereof, and production method of titanium oxide using the precursor
US20030236317A1 (en) * 2002-06-25 2003-12-25 Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited Titanium oxide dispersion composition, and method and container for preserving the same
US20120291609A1 (en) * 2011-05-17 2012-11-22 Kuo-Ming Hsiao Dual rotor axial-flow rotor valve structure
US8466362B2 (en) * 2011-05-17 2013-06-18 Kuo-Ming Hsiao Dual rotor axial-flow rotor valve structure

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