US1199495A - Metal window frame and sash. - Google Patents

Metal window frame and sash. Download PDF


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US1199495A US1426115A US1426115A US1199495A US 1199495 A US1199495 A US 1199495A US 1426115 A US1426115 A US 1426115A US 1426115 A US1426115 A US 1426115A US 1199495 A US1199495 A US 1199495A
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Edwin R Probert
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    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/32Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing
    • E06B3/34Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing with only one kind of movement
    • E06B3/42Sliding wings; Details of frames with respect to guiding
    • E06B3/44Vertically-sliding wings


- APPLICATION FILED MAR 13. 1915. 1,1 99,495 PatentedSept. 26, 1916.
1,199,495. Patented Sept. 26, 1916.
METAL wmnow FRAME AND sa sn.
. Specification of Letters Patent. Pat tQdSEPt ZG LQQLG,
Application filed March 13, 1915. Serial No. 14,261.
To all whom it may concern I Be it known that I, EDWIN R. Pnonnn'r,
, ment in Metal Window Frames and Sashes,
of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to windows and frames made of sheet-metal bent or shaped so as to provide hollow insulator air-chambers wherever possible and of a type whose object is to provide for lateral ad'ustabilit of the sash run-Ways in thesi e jambs of the frame to compensate for the expansion and contraction of the material-andof the building-structure isshown inthese views in single-line, (118;
for the settlin to meet fire, wind, dust, and water resistin or retardant requirements. g
in; description of the objects of the invention herein is such as-to be readily um. derstood as they are interwoven or interspersed with the detailed description of the parts of the device that are clearly shown in the accompanying severalsheets of drawingrs, in which,
lgure 1 1s a horizontal-section taken on the dotted-line a, a, of Fig. 2, but showing the customary two sashes, however, broken es and with their lower framebars in plan,
and, also, with the upper-sash as though at the bottom of the frame, although its adjacent balancing-weight is down in the position it occupies when said upper sash is in its normally-closed position, as in Fig.
2; Fig. 2, an outside elevation of the entire window, showing no particular details; Fig. 3, a detached horizontal-section of my compensating, auxiliary, adjustable, side runway strip that is shown in Fig. 1 and taken "on a line either above or below that of Fig.
2; Fig. 4, a detail elevation of one of the adjusting-screws for the auxiliary run-way strip seen in Fig. 1, but with its lock-nut separated therefrom; Fig. 5, an inside-elevation of the window, omitting the lowersash and showing one of the upright-sides= of the frame broken away at its lower portion to display the weight at that side for the closed-position of the upper-sash, the removable cap-plate in the weight man-hole, and showing the upper end of said uprightside broken away to disclose the ready ma11- ner of mounting a sheave or pulley for the weight-rope; Fig. 6, a vertical, sectionalelevation taken on the perpendicular dottedline b, b, of Fi 5, but including both sashes therein an both in raised-positions, and. with the cap-plate removed from its weight hand-hole at the bottom of the runway used by the upper-sash and the latter being shown as partly lowered; Fig. 7, a horizontal section, similar to Fig. 1, but on a smaller scale, and taken on the dottedline 0, c, of Fig. 6, omitting the sashes; Fig. 8, a horizontal, detail section of the removed weight cap-plate of Fig. 6, and Fig. 9, a vertical, detail secti' nal-elevation of the said cap-plate seen in ig. 8.
It will be observed that the sheet-metal gramform instead of using, cross-section lines md it willjof course, be understood that where spaces occur: between some of the surfaces the. latter should be in actual contact and especially in parts that interlock or fold and snugly fit one within the other, although where parts slide they should be practically contiguous but free to reciprocate without undue frictional-contact.
1 indicates the sill; 2 and 3 the upright side-members; and 4 the top-member or head of the frame of the window, allmade of sheet-metal bent into the desired shapes and in hollow, or in insuiator air-chamber form wherever possible and feasible.
Each of the two hollow uprights 2 and 3 is composed of a metal sheet whose opposite vertical longitudinal edges 5 and 5, are separated at the rear of the uprights and then formed into inwardly-turned, almost lapping or closed hooks that angle at 6. The metalfrom hooked-edge 5 then takes a straight course 7 forward; then angles at 8;
then a short straight lateral outward course 9; then angles at 10; then takes another straight course 11 forwardly to an angle 12; then takes a straight course 13 inwardly, at
the outer end of" which a U-shape bend is made at 14 to form a narrow vertical slit or groove 15; then takes another straight course rearward courseii is taken to an angle 23 that leads to a. short, central transverse. course or ligament 2% that thence angles at Q? and advances forwardly in a straightline 26 (corresponding tothe part. that it parallels and alines) until a r-angle 27 is reached 35 with another short lateral, outward straight zeourse -flfi till reaching an angle 37, whenceanother st'raightrearward course 38 is taken to wrangle- .39 (corresponding to the angle 1 0 and another short inwardlylatrral straighteonrse 40. (corresponding to part fl) -to"an angle. 41 (orresponding to and alin'ing witltangle. S) whence it takes a long straightrear course #3 (correspond in; to the stn ight course i"v that it parallels and alines) until an angle 4.3 is-reached (correspondingto angle 6) and f inall ending in'tlte said hooked-edge 5. f
Iiridgesplatcior. closure-t a l; 44 has its opposite vertical e geshool all 45, 45 to engage-thelioolted-e v lmr-ngallrdjupright and "an inwardly-disposed.rerticajl crimp isecntrally made in this losurediack to form a. stitl'ening and strengtlu-uing' r-ilg'as well asfa sash-weight separatoiflto am-ea .tl1e." \'eights twisting, t-url|ingaindicollidingin their respective rear -'lhe rertiralliinhs oi: partsltl and 32 form tin-joint or, l|:u'l\';\\ 'all.\ of the Channel runsashesi and the parts l3. 2th .31 34. 2G, 28 and 2 form. iiifinally-faring vertieal cha n- .la-rs or pockets at. the vertical centers of each of the. two hollow uprights and 3 to aci-lunuu'nlate .i vertical. auw iliarit, compensatingi run way Slide-strips amhfguard-tillers that I shall noulesi iihe. 'lhese'run-ways a mlguardlillers are. each composed of a. (ten tral-niemher 4}" that has along its opposite edges a pair of rrarwardly-eitending memhers -.l l. 48 that. ha re short la teral-membe'rs All. 41L extendiug therefrom whieh in turn,
h r rp ar'wardhyrxtcnding U-shape memheirs,uriguard-tillers proper 50, 50 whose pairs of limbs aro'hronghtsomewhat. closely :uljacen't/so as to proride narrow slits 0r pact-( ts Tor the. areo'mnim lation of inwardlyturned reinforcing or stifl'ening ends 51, 51, as hes-t seen in Fig. 3. The parts 51 extend beyond the line of the short: lateral memhers 49 to form the constant guards of 'closureharriers proper nf the. run-ways and will be still more explicitly referred to hereinafter in connection with the adjusting devices and the sashes vertical .U-shape member 52 extends liaclcwardly from the central-mernher or pa rting-strip 47 into the narrow rear frietiona[bearings therein to prevent undue looseuess or rattling A capping, or reinforcing ineinher. portion of each of the structures, and is composed of a straight contral-n eniher 53 that has forwardly-prm jeeting side-imanhers 54 and 55, that engagev the members 32 anZ'd QG and thence extend laterally into eoiwesponding right-angled members 56 that. take over the acute-angled shoulders 20 and 28 of the mainframes of tl 1e uprights. "thci acnte-angled shoulders 20 and 28 provide a deeper scope of movement for the rearwardl \'-extentled portions 50, 50 and 52 of the auxiliary run-way; slide-strips and guard-fillers. and are irr'lportantyfeatnres in the adjustment of the said run-way guardtillers that provide for the least. lateral undue play of the sashes. I 1
in adjusting and connectingthe r.un-.way
stiffening is applied to the rear two vertical pocket are used. thearespeetire inner ends 'of., 0 1
shanks arethr'eaifled ant openings in 'vertica that gii e-thein; forgtliei the sere\\'s' pass mega-11s or parts fitandffil o I guard-fillers, and the tore-ends o the said-screws are '-ros+cut'-';'uul threw l 'fot'vthel"engagement uf'tlw lot-.k-nutsor caps--59 that have crossruts (30 that are i -lteuded to a'line ith the,- cross-ruts itrtlle'sthemseltea-tor con- \flenieiu't in turning the screws to and from setting-position; A. stop-eollar 61 is pro- \ided heat the ftll'tf'tfnt'lf'fif eaelt of the screws Silo hear against-the inner face of the t'l'us part or head of the U-shape rear slideanemlwr of the-runway guard-filler device, so that when a='screw-driveris inserted in the cross -cut and the alined eross-eut at the foreend of' the screw, to turn it either way, (the lock nut- 59 being slightly loose), the rear threaded-end of said srrew turns in the. rigid vertical bar 58 to carry the. run-wayguard-filler toward and away from said reinforced rear-pocket of the main-fraine of the hollow upright. Thus any'slight or other variations in the fitting of the sashes in the channel ran-ways can be readily adjusted to-a nicety, looking always howerer to the tree and easy slidin'ganm'ements of said sashes in opening; and closing the window, and with a view to provide a proper closure or barrier against the entrance of fire, smoke, dust, wind and water into the building-structure.
The window-sashes are both made alike along their opposite vertical edges or side stiles as well shown in Fig. 1, in which A indicates the lowersash and I) the upper one. Their frames are of hollowed, sheetmetal structure and they are provided with slightly tapered or spreading grooves, as shown. at C, for the glassdights D, whereby the use of putty or cementcan be made against entrance of tire and other objectionable elements from without along those lines. 'The vertical edges of the sashes are formed of metal sheets whose opposite vertical edges at both corners are bent into double-hooks E, and fillers or bridgepieces F are provided that have opposite out wardly-disposed hook-edges G adapted to interlock with the said double-hook corners E of the vertical edges of the sashes. These hook-members are, of course, closed or brought tightly together to assure proper joints free from leakage of any kind, and they are strong and still for use in guiding the sashes in the adjustable channel runways provided in the side-joints of the uprights of the Window-frame previously described.
A metallic, hollow, coiled head or sidestrip H is provided on the art 13 of each of the hollow-uprights, and it has an extension I that cngages the slit 15, such extension also projecting laterally at J to form a broad bearing-surface or weather-strip for each of the opposite, extended side-edges or flanges of the inner fare of the sideslides of the lower-sash, as best shown in Fig. 1. A seriesof screws K is used in the side-strips or heads H for fastening them in place on theparts 13 and reinforcing bars or backings L are also used on the inner faces of said parts 13 to receive the inner threaded-ends of said screws and them the desired hearing.
A deep, hearing, channeled run-way sur face is provided for the vertical side-extensions on the inner corners of the side'stiles of the sashes, especially along the vertical center or parting-strip of the uprights 2 and 3 of the frame. the parts or members 48. 49 and 51 forming constant guide-ways that prove effective for the desired free slidinn-engagement of the adjacent side-extensions or flanges of the two sashes that are not a ti'ected by. (inpansion or contraction nor by the settling of the building-structure after the window has been installed for use. The adjustment of the run-way guard-fillers to and from the side-stiles of the sashes corresponds to the variations that occur in the relations of said side-stiles to the said rum way fillers. consequent on said contraction,
expansion and settling, the rear extensions or guards-proper formed by the parts 50 of the auXiliar ,'-tiller being the essential ones of my invention herein 10 till and compen sate for any space or gaps incurred by the said rpansion. eontractioi'i or settling coin nion to Wooden and nwtal windo\\'-structures alike and rerulering them greatly defective l'or use.
The channel run-ways: are continuous and of one piece oi material from top to bottom, so that there is no ohstrurtiou whatever to the free and smooth sliding or perfect runuingr of the sashes at all times. The balancingnvcights M and N are readily placed in their proper rmr-ehanihers through the openings provided at the lower ends of the jamhs at eith r side of the runavay and shown in Fig-s. 7;, G and T, and without removing either sash, and the rear-extensions of the pockets for the channeled runways lie between the weights to form con tinuous par-tings that prevent the twisting and clogging of the weights. Cappinglat -s P are used in the weight manholes if). as shown in de all in Figs. 8 and 9, and, also. in place in Fig :3. tand 7, such plates having sideiiannezs that extend through said openin (l, and opposite end-extensions p p, the latter having holes 7) for the insertion of countersunk screws 77 whose inner threaclm'iends engage the reinforcing hearing-plates [2* on the inner faces of the joints.
A pendent crater-formation Q extends from the lower inner edge of the lower-sash A for over-lamung-engagement with an overlappin or und rcut sill formation or projection as best seen in Fig. 6, but does not contact with the sill, to avoid entrance of tire, draft and other objectionable ele ments along said lower edge or bottom of the lowersash.
Interlocking l hook-formations S and T are provided on the meeting-rails of the tvvo sashes to guard against the entrance of fire and other objectionable elements at that point in the window-strueture.
The ushal sash-cord pulleys U are mounted in the'tops of the uprights '2 and 3, as seen in Fig, 5. wherein the pulleys may be easily replaced, should it become necessary to do so, and it is furtherheeessary to take either sash out or" the frame to insert or remove the heights,
in the use of my invention herein there absolutely no reason. for or danger of the sashes sticking or getting too tight in the run-ways. and the adjustable runway slides with their rear guard-extensions can never fail to prevent the entrance of fire. and other like objertionaole elements from without. Any one can easily perform the mljustment oi th rain-way slides. and it will not be necessary at any time to plane or otherwise remove any of the side-surfaces of the sidestiles whatever on account of varying widths of sashes used.
I claim In a sheet-metal window-structure, slidable sashes each having laterally-extending tongues, provided along its opposite side-stiles, hollow upright side-frames each having a central, vertical chamber or channel that has an inwardl bent or reduced rearward extension, independent, vertical, doubly-grooved track-members freely arranged in said side-frame chambers or channels and adapted to extend therefrom for the sliding-engagement of said tongues 0n the sash-stiles, telescopic, angular fillermembers having reduced rear-extensions coinciding and engaging with the rear-extensions of the side-frame chambers, U-
shape guard-fillers extending rearwardly from the track-members within said chambers and their rear-extensions, and means comprising a series of horizontal collaredscrews and pierced vertical bars adapted for engagement by said screws to adjustablysupport the said track-members and their filler-members in said chambers whereby the said guard-fillers and track-members may be moved laterally to and from the tongued edges of the sash-stiles to compensate for wear and to allow for varied Widths of sashes in properly fitting and operating them in the Window-frame.
EDWIN R. PROBERT. Witnesses:
US1426115A 1915-03-13 1915-03-13 Metal window frame and sash. Expired - Lifetime US1199495A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2642631A (en) * 1950-06-24 1953-06-23 Mauro Anthony Window construction
US2775004A (en) * 1953-11-30 1956-12-25 James D Fuller Window construction

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2642631A (en) * 1950-06-24 1953-06-23 Mauro Anthony Window construction
US2775004A (en) * 1953-11-30 1956-12-25 James D Fuller Window construction

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