US2278666A - Window construction - Google Patents

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US2278666A
US2278666A US243931A US24393138A US2278666A US 2278666 A US2278666 A US 2278666A US 243931 A US243931 A US 243931A US 24393138 A US24393138 A US 24393138A US 2278666 A US2278666 A US 2278666A
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Prior art keywords
sash
flange
window
rail
channel
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Expired - Lifetime
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US243931A
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Peremi Edmund
Toth Louis
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Peremi Edmund
Toth Louis
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/32Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing
    • E06B3/34Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing with only one kind of movement
    • E06B3/42Sliding wings; Details of frames with respect to guiding
    • E06B3/44Vertically-sliding wings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/32Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing
    • E06B3/34Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing with only one kind of movement
    • E06B3/42Sliding wings; Details of frames with respect to guiding
    • E06B3/44Vertically-sliding wings
    • E06B2003/4438Vertically-sliding wings characterised by the material used for the frames
    • E06B2003/4453Metal

Description

April 7, 1942. E. PEREMI ET AL, 2,278,666

WINDOW CONSTRUCTION Filed Dec- 5, 1938 '2 Sheets-Sheet 1 I i 1 g 62 62 I 1 I 64 I I J 0 E I 67 q 66' k l V T I 717 I I; I q I O I .//2 T I 65 I I t i 22 f INVENTORS Saw/v0 pf/Qf/V/ Ana/.5 '70 77/ Patented Apr. 7, 1942 wiNnow CONSTRUCTION Edmund Peremi, Manhasset, and Louis Toth.

Flushing, N. Y.-

Application December 5, 1938, Serial No. 243,931

' .1 Claims.

This invention relates to window construction and one of the objects of the invention is to provide animproved construction of frame and sliding sash suitable for double hung and similar windows.

Another object of the invention is to provide.

an improved storm sash construction applicable to windows generally, but particularly applicable to metal windows of the sliding or double hung type. Other objects and advantages will appear from the following detailed description of certain preferred embodiments of the invention chosen to illustrate the principles thereof.

In the accompanying drawings,

Figure 1 is a front elevation of a window embodying the invention having a storm sash applied thereto;

Figure 2 is a vertical section on line Fig. 1:

Figure 3 is a horizontal of Fig. 1;

Figured is an enlarged fragmentary front-elevation of the upper left hand corner of the window shown in Fig. l;

Figure 5 is a front elevation of a window having a modified form of storm sash applied there- Figure 6 is a vertical sectional view taken on line 6-6 of Figure 5 through the storm sash and a part of the window frame and sliding sash;

Figure 7 is a section on line 'l| of Figure 5, part of the window frame being omitted;

Figure 8 is a horizontal sectional view of a part of the window frame and a sliding sash showing the manner of removing the sash from the frame. a

Referring to the drawings in detail, and particularly to Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4', the window section on line 33 The sill of the window may be of any suitable form. For instance,'as shown in Figure 2, it comprises a plate of non-ferrous or non-corrosive metal having an inclined apron 22.which terminates at its forward edge in a downwardly projecting flange 23. Near its inner edge the sill has a folded rib 24 for engagement with the bottom rail of the lower sash. This non-corrosive metal sill plate is preferably supported and reinforced by a flanged plate 25 and braces 28, whichmay be made of iron or of non-corrosive metal as desired.

The window jambs are preferably of the form shown in Figure 3 and each comprises a channel member preferably made of non-ferrous or non-corrosive metal, said channel being provided with an inner flange 3| having a lip 32, and with an outer flange 33 having a lip 34.' Substantially centrally of the bottom of channel 30 an inwardly projecting rib 36 is provided, and fitted over this and secured in any suitable manner, as by screws 31, is a channel-shaped parting strip 38. A pair of sash receivingchannels is thus provided. Formed in the bottom of each of these sash receiving channels is an inwardl'y projecting sash guide rib 40 which is preferably of considerable width so that it pro.-

frame shown comprises a header member formed of a rolled metal sheet l0 preferably of nonferrous or non-corrosive metal which is folded between its ends to provide a rib I I for engagement with the top rail of the upper sash, and at its edge towards the outside of the window with a flange l2 terminating in an inwardly directed lip l2. The header member In may be mounted upon, and reinforced by an angle plate l5 which may be of iron or of non-ferrous metal and which is preferably, provided with an inner flange I 6 and with a wide .outer flange I'l which may be embedded in the masonry or attached to lintel i8, in any'suitable manner as by screws or rivets IS. The angle plate l5 may, if desired, be spaced from the lintel l8, so as to provide a pocket for caulking material 20.

jects well out from the bottom of the main channel-member 30, and nearly as far as the lips 32 and 34. For reinforcing the lamb channel 33, a reinforcing plate is preferably provided which is secured to the back of the channel 36 in any suitable manner, as by welding or by means of screws or rivets, and which comprises an angle'web 46 and a flange 41, the latter being preferably parallel to the plane of the window. Braces '48, which may be punched out of web 46, connect the flange 41 with, the flange 33 so as to hold the angle web 46 rigidly spaced from the channel at the proper angle. A very strong construction is thus provided which renders the jamb rigid and is adapted to interlock and bond the masonry. J

The sashes comprise stiles which may be extruded from-- aluminum, or bronze or other suitable metal, each stile having a base 50 suitably formed to hold a pane of glass and carrying an inside flange 5i terminating in a lip 52 and with an outside flange 53 having a lip 54. Inwardly projecting from the flanges 5| and 53 are intermediate ribs 56 which are located at adlstance from the base 50 of the sash stile, for a purpose which will be explained. Mounted between the flanges 5| and 53 in the space defined between the lips and ribs on the flanges is a resilient metal sash guiding and sealing strip which may desirably be formed of non-corrosive metal such as bronze or stainless steel, and which comprises a transverse base I supported on the ribs 56, side flanges SI extending from the base to just below the lips I2 and It and inwardly directed resilient tongues'fl'which are adapted to bear against the sash guiding ribs ll with sufficient pressure to form a weather tight seal. The faces of the sash stiles adjacent to the parting strip 38 normally bear against the parting strip so as to form close metal to metal contact, and the seal thus effected, in addition to the seals effected by engagement of the tongues 62 with the guide rail 40, form a triple barrier against the weather. The sash, however, being held in position only by engagement with the resilient tongues, cannot bind, jam or rattle. The construction described permits removal of a sash either by-sliding the resilient sealing member endwise out of its recess in the sash stile, or, if desired, the sash may be taken out without removing any part by simply forcing the sash laterally in the plane of the glass to an extent sufficient to permit one stile of the sash to clear the lip 32 past the edge of the guide rib ll, whereupon the sash may be removed. Owing to the space between the base." of the sash stile channel and the base '0 of the guiding and sealing member, the latter can be sprung sufficiently to permit the necessary lateral movement of the sash, as clearly shown at the left hand side of Figure 8.

The top rail of the upper sash comprises a hollow extruded section, preferably having a partition 83 across the same which supports a resilient metal weather sealing member similar to that used in the stiles of the sash. and which is adapted to engage the rib II. When the sash is moved down so that the tongues 82 leave contact with the rib, the edges of the tongues spring together, thus closing the space in the channel below them against the entrance of dirtI The bottom rail of the lower sash is preferably of similar section to the top rail of the upper sash and carries a similar weather sealing member which engages with the rib 24. The meeting rail of the lower sash is preferably formed to provide a laterally projecting channel member 64 which is adapted to hold a weather'seal- 1 struction or dismounting the frame or destroying the sealing means themselves.

The storm sash construction shown in Fig- 1 ures 1, 2, 3 and 4 comprises a metal sash adapted the window frame is preferably ing member of the same shape as those used elsewhere in the sashes. This meeting rail is also p:ovided with a laterally projecting narrow flange The meeting rail of the upper sash is provided I with a laterally projecting flange 86 adapted to engage under the flange II when the meeting rails meet, the flange carrying an upwardly projecting rib 61 adapted to project between the tongues 62 of the sealing member so that a three point weather seal is provided at the meeting rails. The channel 64 and resilient sealing member are preferably carried on the meeting rail of the lower sash as shown, so that they will face downwardly and will not collect water and the springing together of the edges of the tongues 62 when the rib 81 is withdrawn from contact therewith by the opening of the window also helps to exclude dust. etc. It will be seen that the sealing members may be'of like cross section throughout and that they are held in position on the sash members by the flanges of the sash, thereby dispensing with the use of screws or other fastening means. The weather sealing means may also be removed without deto be fltted and sealed against the outside of.

the window frame and preferably secured in position by means permitting the sash to be swung outwardly from the bottom or to be readily removed in its entirety. For the p rp se of engagement with the storm sash attaching means vertical angle brackets 10 and II secured to the flanges I! of the lamb members in any suitable manner as by means of screws or rivets Ii. The upper bracket I0 is situated at the upper end of the storm sash and the lower bracket Il may be near but not at its lower end. The projecting flange of each of the brackets I0 and I3 is provided with-a perforation or socket 14. The sash comprises a top rail 80 which may desirably be formed of a hollow extruded shape and provided with glass receiving flanges ll and with a longitudinally extending channel-forming member 02 adapted to receive a suitable packing, such as the tubular rubber packing It, the exposed face of which is adapted to be flattened against the flange I2 of the frame. The bottom rail 85 of the storm sash is also shown as made of a hollow extruded shape and is provided with a member ti forming an open sided channel for receiving the tubular rubber packing 83, though obviously any other resilient packing may be utilized, both here and in the other places where a tubular rubber packing is shown. It will be noted that, while the channel-forming member 82 at the top of the storm sash is located so that the packing engages the frame substantially in alignment with the inner face of the storm each. the channel-forming member 86 is located nearer the outer face of the sash so that the packing therein engages the edge of the sill in a plane spaced outwardly from the inner face of the sash.

to insure sealing at the corners. This excess will tend to be squeezed into the recess 81. The

side stiles 88 of the storm sash are preferably provided with channel-forming members 8! adapted to receive packing members 83. It is also, in many instances, desirable to provide the storm sash with muntins, such for instance as the channel shaped muntin 80 illustrated, which is provided with glass'supporting flanges 9|, the glass being secured in position by a removable plate 92 attached to the muntin by screws 93 or in any other suitable manner. Suitable packing it may be provided between the glass and the flanges. 7

Any suitable means for mounting and securing the storm sash in position may be employed, but we prefer to use the construction shown in which a pivot IIIII is fixed to one of the upper comers of the storm sash and engaged with one of the sockets I4 in the adjacent flanged member Hi. At the opposite upper corner of the storm sash is mounted a sliding bolt I02 which is arranged to slide in a recess in the sash and to be moved into or out of the corresponding socket I4. The pivot I00 and bolt I02 may if desired be mounted in the recessed ends of the channel-forming member 82. As the bolt I02 is preferably mounted as near as possible to the upper edge of the storm sash, it is desirable to provide a means within easy reach of an operator inside of the building for advancing or retracting the bolt. For this purpose a pivoted opprovided with ing loosely in a slipped out of its socket.

length against the flange erating lever I is provided which has a horizontal bent portion I06 passing through a hole in. the inner wall of the top rail of the storm sash, and constituting a pivot for the lever. The upper end of the lever carries a pin I06 engaghole I 09 near the the bolt I02. By swinging the lower end of the lever I05 the bolt may be advanced inner end of' The lower end of the lever I05 projects downwardly below the bottom of the flange I2, where it may be easily manipulated if the upper sliding sash is moved down.

On each of the side rails of the storm sash opposite the corresponding sockets 14 in the flanged members 13, retractable sliding bolts IIO are mounted which have stems III projecting inwardly and terminating in finger pieces II2 which may be conveniently reached when the lower sliding sash is raised. The bolts II 0 are normally held in I I3. By retracting-the bolts I I0, itwill be seen that the window maybe swung outwardly about the fixed pivot I00 and the upper sliding bolt I02. If it is desired to remove the sash entirely, the bolt I02 may be retracted whereupon by tilting the window slightly. the pivot I00 may be all engaged, the storm sash is held firmly in position, and a packed joint is formed all the way around the same.

Referring to Figures 5, 6, and 7 themain window construction illustrated is the same as that already described. A modified form of storm sash is shown, however, in which resilient metal packing is used throughout. The storm sash is shown as formed of special extruded metal shapes, the top railof the sash comprising the tubular member I20, which is provided with glass supporting flange I2I, and with an overhanging or dove-tailed shaped lip I22 adapted to retain the putty I23 which holds the glass I24. The inner face of the tubular top rail I20 is provided with a narrow flange or lip I30, and projecting from the top of the tubular member I20 is a wide flange hanging portion I33 and which also carries an intermediate flange or rib I34. A bent resilient metal weather strip, preferably formed of bronze or stainless steel or other non-corrosive metal, has a flange I38 which the rib I34, and bent downwardly from the upper edge of the flange I36 is a resilient tongue I39 which bears against the flange l2 of the window frame. The tongue I33 is flexible and preferably has an unfinished, that is a raw or unreinforced edge, so that it possesses a certain amount of flexibility in a longitudinal direction. This permits the tongue to seal firmly throughout-its I2, notwithstanding possible unevenness in the latter. When the storm sash is removed from the window, the edge of the flexible tongue is protected by the flange I30. As an additional seal against entrance of water at the top of the storm sash, the flange I32 may carry a member I45 forming an open sided channel adapted to receive a resilient packing strip I46 which may be of bent metal with hook-shaped flanges I41 adapted to engage in the mouth of the open channel formed in member I45. Obviously a tubular rubber packing such as the packing 82, already-described, or any other suitable packing may be used in place of the resilient metal packing strip I46.

The bottom rail of the storm sash comprises a tubular member I50 formed at one side to reprojected position by springs When the bolts are- I32 which carries an overrests against the edge of v said rail, one leg of the upper surface of said rail.

ceive the glass, and provided at its outer margin with a .flange I5I terminating. in a lip I52 and provided near its inner edge with anoverhanging lip I53. A resilient metal packing strip is mounted between the flange I5I' and the lip I53, said packing strip having a flexible tongue I55 adapted to bear upon the inclined portion 22 of the window sill. The side stiles of the storm sash comprise tubular members I which carry outwardly projecting flanges 'I6I having overhanging lip portions I63, the formation being similar to that shown in connection with the top rail, except that the channel forming member I45 and packing are omitted. A resilient metal packing strip similar to that shown in the top rail is utilized, the packing strip having a flexible tongue I39 adapted to bear against the flange 33 of the window jamb. For mounting the storm sash in position, any suitable means may be used, such as an arrangement of bolts. similar to that described in connection with the previous figures. The sliding bolts near the lower part of the sash are preferably of slightly different form from the bolts I I0 previously described. As shown particularly in Figure 7, the sliding bolts which are marked I15 do not have stems III, but have holes near their inner ends in which are fixed finger pieces I16 which project laterally through slots I11 in the inner walls of the side rail members I60. Compression springs I18 are used to hold the bolts I15 in normally projected position.

While we have illustrated and described in detail certain preferred forms of our invention, it is to be understood that changes may be made therein and the invention embodied in other structures. We do not, therefore, desire to limit ourselves to the specific construction illustrated, but intend to cover our invention broadly in whatever form its principle may be utilized.

We claim;

1. A storm window comprising top, side and bottom rails of hollow metallic construction, said top rail having on the inner edge of its upper surface a narrow upwardly extending flange, a wide flange near the outer edge thereof, and an intermediate rib,- said wide flange ending in an overhanging portion, said wide flange having an intermediate inwardly extending flange, forming with said overhanging portion a recess for packrib between said inwardly extending flange and c the upper surface of said rail, and a V-shaped resilient metal weather strip member held on of the V being held by said intermediate rib and said inwardly extending rib, the vertex of said V engaging beneath said lip. and the other leg of the V being a resilient tongue held against unlimited outward movement by said narrow upwardly extending flange 2. A storm window comprising top, side and bottom sash rails of hollow metallic construction, said bottom rail including a downwardly extending short inner flange terminating in an outwardly turned lip, and a downwardly extending outer flange terminating in an'inwardly turned rib, and a resilient metallic angular weather strip held by the bottom of said rail base of said strip engaging the bottom rail between said flanges, and forming an angle with a free resilient portion of said strip, said angle being engaged by said outwardly turned lip of said short inner flange, the free flange and the inner flange, anintermediate ribfand an outer laterally extending flange, said outer flange terminating in an inwardly extending flange havin an overturned lip, a rib intermediate said outer side of said rail, and a V-shaped resilient metallic weather strip, one leg of the V being held by said intermediate rib on said rail member and said intermediate flange on said outside flange, the angle of the V being held by said overturned lip, and the other leg or the V being engaged by said inner flange on said rail member and being adapted to be moved away from engagement with said flange when pressure is applied thereto.

4. The combination with a storm sash having top, side and bottom rails and a light, or channel shaped members on the outer sides of said rails, the open portion the channel facing inwardly. the base of said channels accommodatin; bolts which extend away from the window in a plane parallel to the plane or the light and resilient metallic weather stripping members shallowly mounted in said channels inwardly of said bolts providing a sealing surface on all four sides of the window.

5. The combination with a window frame having socketed members mounted rigidly thereon and a storm sash including top, side and bottom rails and inwardly facing channels on said rails, or spring pressed slide bolts mounted in said channels in a plane parallel to the plane of the window, said socketed members engag s One end of said bolts and resilient metallic weather stripping mounted in said channels on said top. side and bottom rails between said bolts and said frame and bearing against said frame.

6. The combination as claimed in claim 5 in which said bolts terminate at their ends remote from said socket engaged ends'in finger pieces of the window.

accessible from the inside in claim 5 '7. The combination as claimed wherein a bolt and its correspo ding socket member are situated near the top oi either side rail otsaidstormsashsothatsaidboltsand sockets act in the manner of hinges permitting the window to be swung out of its position in said frame to any desired position about said bolts as pivots.

EDMUND PEREMI. LOUIS TO'I'H.

US243931A 1938-12-05 1938-12-05 Window construction Expired - Lifetime US2278666A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2545901A (en) * 1945-11-19 1951-03-20 Harry R Sugar Storm window
US2632928A (en) * 1949-04-16 1953-03-31 Kaufman Ralph Storm window sash kit
US2651084A (en) * 1949-11-10 1953-09-08 Goldberg Ralph Storm window sash frame
US2703158A (en) * 1949-12-29 1955-03-01 Gen Bronze Corp Window construction
US2747240A (en) * 1953-02-18 1956-05-29 Gerald D Peterson Window construction
US2847724A (en) * 1953-01-21 1958-08-19 Harold A Blood Window construction
US3412510A (en) * 1965-12-10 1968-11-26 Transglas Ag Fixture with at least one installation unit formed of glass elements
US5542215A (en) * 1993-12-20 1996-08-06 Ykk Architectural Products Inc. Sash supporting structure of hinged swinging window

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2545901A (en) * 1945-11-19 1951-03-20 Harry R Sugar Storm window
US2632928A (en) * 1949-04-16 1953-03-31 Kaufman Ralph Storm window sash kit
US2651084A (en) * 1949-11-10 1953-09-08 Goldberg Ralph Storm window sash frame
US2703158A (en) * 1949-12-29 1955-03-01 Gen Bronze Corp Window construction
US2847724A (en) * 1953-01-21 1958-08-19 Harold A Blood Window construction
US2747240A (en) * 1953-02-18 1956-05-29 Gerald D Peterson Window construction
US3412510A (en) * 1965-12-10 1968-11-26 Transglas Ag Fixture with at least one installation unit formed of glass elements
US5542215A (en) * 1993-12-20 1996-08-06 Ykk Architectural Products Inc. Sash supporting structure of hinged swinging window

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