US1096861A - Gun-stock. - Google Patents

Gun-stock. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1096861A
US1096861A US1913788849A US1096861A US 1096861 A US1096861 A US 1096861A US 1913788849 A US1913788849 A US 1913788849A US 1096861 A US1096861 A US 1096861A
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Prior art keywords
stock
grip
pivoted
piece
pistol
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Edward E Redfield
Original Assignee
Edward E Redfield
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41CSMALLARMS, e.g. PISTOLS, RIFLES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • F41C23/00Butts; Butt plates; Stocks
    • F41C23/04Folding or telescopic stocks or stock parts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41CSMALLARMS, e.g. PISTOLS, RIFLES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • F41C23/00Butts; Butt plates; Stocks
    • F41C23/12Auxiliary stocks for stabilising, or for transforming pistols, e.g. revolvers, into shoulder-fired guns

Description

E. E. REDFIELD. GUN STOCK.

APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 9, 1913.

` 1,096,861. Patented May 19, 1914.

Inventotj:

lifNlrfED STLES PATENT FFQE.

g EDWARD E. REDFIELD, F GLENDALE, QREGON.

GUN-STOCK.

noeogeei.

Patented May i9, libia.

Original application filed January 28, 1913, Serial No. 744,627. Divided and this application filed September 9, 1913. Serial No. 788,849.

To all whom t may concern Be it known that I, EDWARD E. REDFIELD, a cltizen of the United States, residing 1n l Glendale, Douglas county, State of Oregon,

Vhave invented certain new and useful Im-l provements in Gun-Stocks, of which the following is a specification, reference being .had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part hereof.

In another application iiled January 2S, 1913, Serial No. 744,627, of which this case is a division, there is shown and described an improved firearm developed with especial reference' to the production of a small caliber rifle which 1s adapted to be carried ab out conveniently.

This inventionV seeks to provide an improved folding skeleton stock which may be -applied to firearms of any character or-size but which is especially useful in effecting the objects set out above in connection with the provision of a compact small caliber riiie; The improved stock is not only pivoted to the grip of the firearm so that it may be folded against the barrel but its members are pivotally connected and so arranged that the stock itself folds in the same movement by which it is turned against the barrel so that it occupies little space and may enter the holster with the barrel. Further, theV supporting pivot pins of the stock are so arranged with respect to each other and the line of fold of the stock itself that the latter passes within the line between the pins and the stock is accordingly held in folded position automatically and without the use of auxiliary retaining devices. The butt plate is formed as a single integral piece and when the stock is in folded position lies parallel and in juxtaposition to the main frame members of the stock. This construction renders unnecessary the provision of separate reinforcing` members for the butt plate, as when the latter itself is composed of hinged sections. ln the present stock the main frame members are preferably secured hingedly to the grip by two fixed hinge joints thus rendering the construction at once more simple and substantial' than would be the case were one or both of the pivotal supports movable in the grip.

Reference is now to be had to the accompanying drawings fo-r a detailed description of the invention, in which- Figure l is a view in side elevation of a firearm which embodies the invention, the folding skeleton stock being shown by full `lines in its eXtendedposition and by broken lines in its folded position. Fig. 2 is a fragmentary detail view on a somewhat larger scale of a portion of the grip and the stock, the grip being broken away to show the spring latch for holding the stock in eX- tended position.

" In the firearm shown in the drawings the barrel a, chambered to receive the cartridge, the magazine o, the receiver c in which the barrel t is detachably secured and the frame CZ, pro-vided in this instance with a pistolgrip d', may be constructed and arranged substantially as usual.

Short barreled, pistol-grip rifles, or riflepistols, of the general type of that shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, are commonly provided with skeleton stocks for the purpose of steadying the pistol in use and insuring greater accuracy. Such skeleton stocks, themselves of rigid construction, are detachably secured to the pistol-grips or are pivoted thereon so that they may be turned forward and upward against the barrel. If the rigid skeleton stock is detachably connected tothe pistol it can be placed alongsidethe pistol when detached and so take up little room, but time is lost in afxing it to the pistol when the pistol is required for immediate Vuse. @n the other hand, if the rigid skeleton stock is pivoted to the pistol-grip it cannot be inserted into the holster with the pistol but must lie outside of the same and besides being unsightly and liable to injury is more or less in the way, making the pistol more or less cumbersome to handle.

The special purpose of the present invention has been to construct and arrange the skeleton stock in such manner that the diliiculties incident to the use of rigidskeleton stocks, whether detachable or pivoted, may be overcome, To this end the skeleton stock has its members pivotally connected so that the stock itself may fold into small coinpass, Vand is pivotally connected to the pistol-grip in such manner that the stock itself folds as it is turned forward and upward against the barrel and is extended as it is turned downward and rearward into position for use. As shown particularly in Figs. l and 2, the skeleton stock consists of three separate members (Z2 Z3 and (Z4. The upper member (Z2 is L-shaped, having a short arm (Z5, and is fiXedly pivoted in a vertical recess (Z6 in the pistol-grip (Z1, as at (Z7. The lower longitudinal member (Zt is also Xedly pivoted in the same recess at its forward end, as at (Z8. The rear or butt member (Z3 is formed as a single integral plate and has the two longitudinal members pivoted at its upper and lower ends, as at (Z9 and (Zlf. A spring pressed plunger (Zu, mounted in the grip-piece (Z1, engages a notch (Z12 at the forward extremity of the upper member (Z2 so as to retain the stock in operative posit-ion. It will be noted also that the fixed pivot (ZS is outside of a line drawn from the pivot (Z7 to the point at which the butt member (Z3 touches the fore-end when the stock is turned forward and folded, as shown by broken lines in Fig. l, so that in reaching this position the pivot (Zl0 passes slightly beyond the center line and the stoel; is slightly sprung or put under stress so that when turned forward and folded, as shown in Fig. l, it will remain in that position without the use of special retaining devices until it is pulled downward by the user. It will be seen that by placing the pivot (Z7 of the upper member in rear of the pivot (Zs of the lower member, the butt member (Z3 is sprung against the lower member as the stock is turned forward, carrying with it the upper member (Z2 into parallelism with the lower member, and that the short arm (Z5 of the upper member not only gives the stock the desirable width vertically at the point of union with the grip but permits the stock to be turned up against the barrel.

From the description above given it will be appreciated that the improved stock is not only especially suitable to perform its function as a stock, by reason of the rigidity secured through the fixed hingel joints and the single integral butt plate, but that its construction of only three movable parts, namely, the two side bars and the butt plate, all interconnected by simple pivot pins, facilitates its movement from eX- tended position to folded position and vice versa. This facility of convenient operation 1s of prime importance 1n a device of this character and in that respect alone the present stock commends itself to general use.

I claim as my invention l. rlhe combination with a firearm having a hand grip of a skeleton stock having a lower member pivoted to the grip-piece at its forward end, an upper member having an L-shaped forward end pivoted to the grip-piece at its end, and means carried by the grip-piece and engaging the L-shaped end of the upper member to hold the same in fixed position, the members being pivotally connected to each other.

2. The combination with a firearm having a hand grip of a skeleton stock having its upper and lower members pivoted to the grip-piece, an integral rigid butt-piece pivotally secured to the rear ends of said upper and lower members, and means mounted on the grip-piece and engaging detachably one of said members to hold the stock in rigid operative position.

3. The combination with a firearm having a hand grip, of a skeleton stock having its upper and lower members pivoted to the grip-piece at their forward ends, the former in rear of the latter and having their rear ends pivotally connected to the butt piece, the pivot at the forward end of the lower member being outside of a line from the pivot of the upper member to the point where the end of the stock rests when the stock is turned forward and folded.

4.. The combination with a rearm having a hand grip, of a skeleton stock having its upper member formed with a short arm and pivoted to the grip-piece at the extremity of said short arm, and its lower member pivoted at its forward end to the grip-piece at a point in front of the pivot of the upper member, and having the rear ends of both upper and lower members pivoted to the upper and lower ends of the butt piece.

This specification signed and witnessed this 2nd day of September, A. D., 1913.

EDlVAR-D E. REDFIELD. Signed in the presence of- H. T. ANDERSON, E. R. REANms.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.

US1096861A 1913-01-28 1913-09-09 Gun-stock. Expired - Lifetime US1096861A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1103687A US1103687A (en) 1913-01-28 1913-01-28 Firearm.
US1096861A US1096861A (en) 1913-01-28 1913-09-09 Gun-stock.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1096861A US1096861A (en) 1913-01-28 1913-09-09 Gun-stock.

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US1096861A true US1096861A (en) 1914-05-19

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2424944A (en) * 1943-05-26 1947-07-29 Patchett George William Folding stock for automatic firearms
US2435217A (en) * 1945-05-02 1948-02-03 Jr Cleves H Howell Firearm and stock structure therefor
US2437548A (en) * 1944-03-13 1948-03-09 Patchett George William Telescopic firearm
US3256632A (en) * 1964-03-16 1966-06-21 Beretta Armi Spa Foldable butt particularly suited for rifle convertible into a grenade thrower
US3798819A (en) * 1972-03-09 1974-03-26 Remington Arms Co Inc Auxiliary gun stock
US7698848B1 (en) * 2006-02-08 2010-04-20 Blackhawk Industries Product Group Unlimited Llc Folding gunstock
US9829272B2 (en) * 2016-01-15 2017-11-28 Ambimjb, Llc Foldable stock

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2424944A (en) * 1943-05-26 1947-07-29 Patchett George William Folding stock for automatic firearms
US2437548A (en) * 1944-03-13 1948-03-09 Patchett George William Telescopic firearm
US2435217A (en) * 1945-05-02 1948-02-03 Jr Cleves H Howell Firearm and stock structure therefor
US3256632A (en) * 1964-03-16 1966-06-21 Beretta Armi Spa Foldable butt particularly suited for rifle convertible into a grenade thrower
US3798819A (en) * 1972-03-09 1974-03-26 Remington Arms Co Inc Auxiliary gun stock
US7698848B1 (en) * 2006-02-08 2010-04-20 Blackhawk Industries Product Group Unlimited Llc Folding gunstock
US9829272B2 (en) * 2016-01-15 2017-11-28 Ambimjb, Llc Foldable stock

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