US371850A - Toy rifle - Google Patents

Toy rifle Download PDF

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US371850A
US371850A US371850DA US371850A US 371850 A US371850 A US 371850A US 371850D A US371850D A US 371850DA US 371850 A US371850 A US 371850A
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rod
stock
secured
spring
barrel
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A15/00Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun
    • F41A15/12Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun for bolt-action guns
    • F41A15/14Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun for bolt-action guns the ejector being mounted on or within the bolt; Extractors per se

Description

(No Model.) zlsheets-shet 1. W. C. MAYNARD.
TOY RIFLE.
No. 3?1,850. Patented ont. 18, 1887.
N. PETERS, Fhntfrlithogrnpher, Washington (IV (No Model.) -2 sheets-sheet 2.
TOY RIFLE.
.Zgymrz 3.7 I
' Fig. 7 is a section of the. same.
AUNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
VILLIAM O. MAYNARD, OF AURORA, ILLINOIS.
TOY RIFLE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 371,850, dated October 18. 1887. Application filed August 9, 1857. Serial No. 246,522. (No model.)
.T0 LH whom it 11mg concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM-C. MAYNARD, a citizenof the United States, residing at Aurora, in the county of Kane and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Toy Rifles, of which the following is a specication.
My invention relates to a toy rifle, and it consists in a certain novel construction and arrangement of parts, fully set forth hereinafter, and specifically pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings, Figure 1 isa side view of the rifle. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section thereof. Fig. 8 is a transverse section on the line wir, Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a similar view on the line y y, Fig. 2. Fig. v5-is a detail View of the safety firing-cap. Fig. 6 is a similar View ofthe tiringpin to take the place of the tiring-cap. Fig. 8 is a detail section of the ordinary shell used. Fig. 9 is avi-ew of another form of shell used. Fig. 10 is a detail view of the detaining-spring to hold the shells in place while firing. Fig. 11
is a detail View of the hold for drawing thev hammer back to the cocked position. y
Referring by letter to the drawings, Adesiguates the stock of the rifle, having the ordinary butt, A', and a is a recess formed in the lower side of the stock near the butt, for a purpose to be explained. At the front end of the stock, on the upper side thereof, are secured the brackets B B', which comprise the portion b above the stock, in which is formed -a circular opening, b', and the depending ears b2 b2 pass down on opposite sides of the stock and are secured thereto by screws. The front bracket, B, is provided on the upper side of the main portion b with a sight, b3, which coinprises the front sight of the riile. As before stated, circular openings are formed in the main portions of the brackets, and these openings are aligned; and C designates the barrel of the ride, which is passed through these aligned openings, and is provided on the rear end with the peripheral annular flange c to bear against the rear side of the bracket B', to prevent the barrel from being forced through the same during firing. The said barrel is bored in the ordinary manner, and is counterbored at the rear end or provided with an enlargement of the bore, as seen at c', to receive the shell which is to be fired.
D designates a bracket similar in shape to the bracket B', and secured to the stock in the same manner.
E represents a groove or slot bored in the rear portion of the stock, and F represents the ring lrod or hammer, passed at the rear end in the said slot and guided at the front end in the circular opening in the bracket D.
G designates a thumb-hold, comprising a flat plate of metal provided at one end with a circular opening, g, which is adapted to" receive the rod F, and the said hold is secured rigidly to the desired point of the rod (close in rear of the bracket D when the rod is projected forwardly) by the set-screw G', which pinges at the inner end against the side of the rod F.
H designates a coiled spring around the rod F, bearing at the rear end against the stoolnaround the end of the slot E therein, and at the front end against the rear side of the thumb hold around the opening therein. It will be readily seen that the tendency of the spring is to press the rod forwardly; and as the spring is designed to be very powerful, if the rod is drawn back against the power of the same and then released, the rod Wiil be very violently projected forward.
I designates the engaging-spring of the device, comprising a thin angle-plate of spring metal, the horizontal arm i of which rests along the under side of the stock near the rear end, and is secured at the front end to the same by the screw or bolt J, while the vertical arm i2 of which projects up into the recess a in the under side of the stock, and also through the vertical opening c', which comlnunicates therewith and with the slot or groove E, and the extremity of the said vertical arm is adapted when the rod F is drawn back to engage in the annular groove f, formed inthe said rod.` Therefore when the rod F is drawn back the upper extremity of the engaging-spring engages the same in the retracted position and holds it thus.
K designates the trigger, comprising an angle-bar which is pivoted at the angle thereof to the side of the recess a, and is adapted to engage at the forward end of the horizontal arm k thereof in the aperture i in the vertical arm of the engagingspring,whereby when is secured in the end of the said hold and imy ICO the lower end of the vertical arm 7c is drawn v rearwardly the vertical arm of the engagingspring will be drawn down and release the firing-rod.
L designates the triggerguard, comprising theloop Z,Which extends under the trigger, the short ear m, which is perforated to receive a screw to be secured in the stock, and the arm m, which projects forwardly from the front end of the loop Zand bears against the under side of the horizontal arm z' of the spring I, and is secured at the front end by the screw or bolt J, which secures the front end of the said spring in place.
M designates the rear sight of the rifle, which comprises the vertical arms N N,which are secured to the sides of the stock, and the horizontal cross-piece N at the upper-ends of the said arms. To the upper side of the said cross-piece are secured the vertical standards or lugs (they may be formed integral with the said cross-piece) O O, the lug O being provided with a smooth opening to align with the threaded opening in the lng O; and P designates a horizontal bar passed through the said aligned openings, one end of the bar turning in the opening in the lug O, While the other end is threaded to screw into the threaded opening in the lug O. An annular groove (Vshaped) is formed in the bar between the lugs, and a slot is formed in the smooth end of the bar to receive a screw-driver, and it will be seen that to adjust the sight it is only necessary to move the sight-bar horizontally by turning the same. It will be understood that the smooth endv ofthe bar (its snugly in the smooth opening in the lug O, so that there is no play whatever.
To bind the barrel securely in its place in the brackets B B, I provide the set-screw R, which is threaded at the extremity and passes up through an opening in the stock and screws into a threaded aligned opening, b, in the bracket communicating with the circular opening b therein, and impinges at the upper end against the under side ofthe barrel.
S designates the nipple which is preferably used in this rifle, which is provided with an annular flange, s, to bear against the rear end of the barrel, while the main body s' thereof (containing the chamber si) passes into the recess or enlargement c'. The rear end of the nipples is provided with a projection, S', adapted to have an ordinary ring or percussion cap placed thereover.
T designates the safety tiring-cap, having a slot, t, in the side to give the rear end 'thereof a spring action to clamp the front end of the rod F when placed thereon, the front edge of the said cap projecting out beyond the front end of the rod to receive the nipple and percussion-cap thereon to prevent the latter from scattering when exploded. An annular dent,
t', is formed around the safety-cap to make a rib on the inside thereof to fit in the annular groove t7', formed in the front end of the rod F. It will be seen that this safety firing-cap is detachable, as it is only necessary to overcome the strength of the spring action of the rear end of the cap (which holds the rib in the groove of the rod F) to remove the same.
Fig. 9 shows a form of nipple which may be used in this rifle, and which in outward ap pearance is the same as the form just described, except that instead of having the projection on the rear end it is extended ont at the same diameter as the body of the barrel and provided at the rear end with a depression or recess to receive an ordinary primer, such as are used on ordinary shotgunshells. When the latter form of nipple is used, the tiring-cap T is removed from the end of the firingrod and the fringpin U is placed thereon instead. The said firing-pin comprises a sleeve, U', formed in a similar manner to the cap T,Whch fits on the front end of the rod F, and in the front end of the said sleeve is secured the pin U2, adapted to strike against the primer on the nipple. This device is very simply and strongly constructed, being designed especially for use as a toy, and therefore adapted to stand rough usage.
The bracket M, which supports the rear sight of the rifle, is, as will be understood, so arranged as not to interfere with the operation of the rod F andthe spring around the same.
The feature of the adjustable rear sight is very important, and I lay great stress on the same. The Vshaped groove, as will be understood, forms the sight, and as the bar in which the groove is formed islongitudinally adjustable the sight is laterally adj ustable, and as the groove extends entirely around the bar the rotation of the same to adjust the sight does not impair its effectiveness.
Vhen the cap is placed in the recess in the rear end of the nipple, there is a liability that it will drop out before it is fired, and to prevent this I provide the detaining-spring V. It is an ordinary leaf-spring, secured at the rear end to the upper side of the stock under the firing-rod F, and turned up at an angle at the front end to bear against the annular flange of the shell. The extreme edge of the said npturned portion V is beveled laterally, and as the spring is swung around its pivot 12 to engage with the shell the beveled portion slides under the nipple of the latter and the front end of the spring is pressed down. When it is desired to remove the cap, the front end of the spring is turned around out of the way and the cap drawn out with the nger.
Having thus described my invention, I claim-` 1. The combination of the stock having a rear socket, E, the short barrel C, mounted on the forward top side thereof, and the elongated spring-actuated firingrod F on the outer top portion of the said stock, the rear portion of Which is mounted and has movement in the socket E and the forward end thereof adapted to engage with the rear of the barrel, substantially as described.
IOO
IIO
` openings b' b' therein, the sight b3 onthe upper side of the forward bracket, the barrel C, secured in the said openings b' and having the recess c' in the rear end to receive the nipple, the bracket D, secured to the stock and having an opening, d', therein to align with .the groove or slot E, the tiring-rod F, operating in the said aligned opening and slot, spring H, coiled around the said rod to operate the same, the bracket M, secured to the stock near the rear end and carrying the rear sight, and
means, substantially as described, to lock the firing-rod back in the cocked position and release the same when desired, substantially as specified. l
3. In a fire arm, the combination, with the stock having the stationary front sight, of the standards or lugs O O', having, respectively, smooth and threaded openings therein, and the horizontal bar P, adapted to fit snugly in the smooth opening at one end and having'a threaded end to screw into the threaded opening, the said bar having a V-shaped annular groove therein between the said standards, the bar being adapted to be screwed to the right or left to adjust the sight or V- shaped groove, substantially as specilicd.
4. In a tire-arm, the combination, withvthe stock A, brackets B B', secured to the upper side thereof and having aligned openings therein, sight b5 on the forward of the said brackets, barrel C, secured in the said aligned openings, thefringrod mounted in suitable guides on the upper side of the stock, and means, substantially as described, for operating the said rod, of the bracket M, havingv the depending arms to embrace the tiring-rod and secured at the lower ends-to the sides ot' the stock, the vertical lugs or standards O'O' 4on the upper side of the bracket, having aligned openings therein, one of which is smooth and the other threaded, and the bar P, provided at one end with .a threaded portionv to screw into the threaded opening andl adapted to bear atthe other end in the smooth opening, the said bar being also provided with the annular groove near the center, forming the rear sight, and the groove or slot across one end to receive the edge of a screw-driver, all constructed and ar.- ranged substantially as and for the purpose hereinbefore set forth.
5. The combination, with the frontend of the stock A, of the brackets B B', secured' thereto and projecting above the top edge thereof and formed with aligned openings therein, the short barrel C, secured in the aligned openings of said brackets on the top side of the stock A, the adjusting-screw It, mounted in connection with the front bracket, B, the elongated spring-actuated firing-rod F, the guide G, and the combined sight and guide M, mounted on the top side of the stock in the rear of the barrel C and supporting the tiringrod F, substantially as described.
6. The combination, with the stock A, of the short barrel' C, arranged on the forward top side thereof, the elongated spring-actuated tiring-rod F, arran ed on the top edge of the tock and in a so et, E, and having a groove,
7 jection adapted to engage with the groove f, andthe trigger K, substantially as described.
7. In a ride, the combination,with the stock, the barreksecurcd thereon, the tiring-rod F, guided in suitable bearings on the said stock, and means, substantially vas described, for operating the said rod, of the detachable safety firingeap T, adapted to receive the front end of the rod F and project out beyond the front end ofthe same to receive the percussion-cap when the latter is fired, to prevent scattering of the same, the said cap being provided with the slot t in the side to give the same a spring action to clamp the end of the rod F, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
8. In a ride, the combination, with the stock A, barrel C, secured thereon, and the iring-rod adapted to be operated, substantially as described, to strike against the rear end of the barrel, of the firing-pin U, comprising the sleeve U', to receive the front end of the rod and having a slot in the side, and the pin U, secured in the front end of the said sleeve, substantially as and for the'purpose specified. 9. In a ride, the combination, with the stock A, the barrel C, secured thereon, and the ringrod F, mounted in suitable guides on the upper side of the stock, and means, substantially as described, to operate the same, of the springdetent V, pivoted at therear end tothe upper side of the stock and having the bent-np portion V' at the front` end, provided with the beveled edge, which is adapted to bear against the rear end of the nipple or cap-holder when inserted in the barrel in firing position .to hold the same in place, substantially as specifiedf 10. In a ride, the combination, with the stock A, having the recess a near the rear end in the under side and the' groove or slot E, the bar- Y rel C, secured to the front end of the stock,
and the bracket D, having a circular guideopening therein aligning with the groove E, of the rod F, mounted in the groove E and the opening in the bracket, stop or hold G, secu red on the rod, the spring H, coiled around the said rod and bearing at the opposite ends, re-
spectively, against the stock forward of the `hole orchamber E thereinand the rear side of the stop G, the rod having an annular groove, f, therein near the rear end, the engagingspring I, secured to the stock and projecting up into the groove E to engage in the groove f in the rod F, and the angle-trigger K, engaging with the said spring and adapted when drawn back todraw the upper end of the same down out of engagement with the ring-rod, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
11. In a ride, the combination,with the stock A, having the recess a in the rear end, the barrel C, secured to the stock, and the spring-actuated iiringrod F, having the annular groove f near the rear end, of the spring I', comprising the horizontal arm z', secured at the extremity' to'the under side of the stockTand the vertical spring-arm i2, projecting up through theecess a to engage with the groove f, the said' arm having the aperture i therein, and the trigger K, comprising the horizontal arm 7c, engaging in the aperture i, and the vertical a'rm k', adapted to be drawn rearwardly to draw the vertical arm ofthe spring Idownwardly, substantially as speci e 12. In afirearm, the combination, with the stock A, having the barrel C secured thereon, adapted to havethe cartridge or shell inserted in the rear end thereof, of the firing-rod F, means7 substantially as described, to move the same longitudinally to strike at the front end against the rear end of the barrel, the front end of the rod being provided with the annular groove t, and the firing-pin U, comprising the sleeve U', adapted to fit over the front end of the ring-rod and having the slot in the side thereof and the rib on the inside to engage in the said groove t, and the pin U2, secured rigidlyin the front end of the said sleeve and adapted to strike against the cartridge or shell, all constructed and arranged substantially as specified.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto aixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
' WILLIAM C. MAYNARD.
Witnesses:
\ J. R. TUCKER,
W. H. DOWNING.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2510289A (en) * 1947-09-02 1950-06-06 Earl L Livermore Telescope mount
US3153873A (en) * 1960-07-05 1964-10-27 John L Boudreau Adjustable pistol sight with split cylindrical sleeve
US3210851A (en) * 1959-11-20 1965-10-12 Benjamin Air Rifle Company Gun sights

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2510289A (en) * 1947-09-02 1950-06-06 Earl L Livermore Telescope mount
US3210851A (en) * 1959-11-20 1965-10-12 Benjamin Air Rifle Company Gun sights
US3153873A (en) * 1960-07-05 1964-10-27 John L Boudreau Adjustable pistol sight with split cylindrical sleeve

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