US1031745A - Hinge. - Google Patents

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Publication number
US1031745A
US1031745A US66537011A US1911665370A US1031745A US 1031745 A US1031745 A US 1031745A US 66537011 A US66537011 A US 66537011A US 1911665370 A US1911665370 A US 1911665370A US 1031745 A US1031745 A US 1031745A
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United States
Prior art keywords
hinge
leaf
knuckles
leaves
closure
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US66537011A
Inventor
Ferdinand F Unckrich
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AMERICAN STEEL GRAVE VAULT Co
Original Assignee
AMERICAN STEEL GRAVE VAULT Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by AMERICAN STEEL GRAVE VAULT Co filed Critical AMERICAN STEEL GRAVE VAULT Co
Priority to US66537011A priority Critical patent/US1031745A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US1031745A publication Critical patent/US1031745A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D3/00Hinges with pins
    • E05D3/06Hinges with pins with two or more pins
    • E05D3/12Hinges with pins with two or more pins with two parallel pins and one arm
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/547Hinge having plural hinge axes [e.g., multiple pintle]

Description

F. P. 'UNCKRIGIL HINGE. APPLICATION FILED DEG.12, 1911.
1,031,745. Patented July 9, 1912.
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@MTBE STATES PATENT FFCE,
FERDINAND F.V UNCKRICH, OF GALION, OHIO, ASSIGNOR TO THE AMERICAN STEEL GRAVE VAULT CQMPANY, QF GALXON, OHIO.
HQLNGE,
Specicatiomof Letters Patent.
Patented July 9, 1912.
Application filed December 12, 1911. Serial No, 665,370.
To all coli-0m, t may concern.'
Be it known that FERDINAND F. UNCK- RICH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Galion, in the county of Crawford and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Hinge, of which the following -is a specication.
This invention relates to hinges, and has for its object the provision of a hinge peculiarly adapted to closures for grave vaults and for use in other connections requiring' the jointing of a closure within a recess.
A further particular object of the invention is to provide a hinge, which will permit the seating of the door with considerable latitude in all directions so as to insure against a binding of the hinge and facilitate the entering and retraction of the closure to and from its seat within the recess and also permitting such closure to be swung entirely out of said recess to avoid any obstruction thereof by overhanging parts.
The invention as thus outlined and as hereinafter particularly pointed out in the claims will now/be described in detail in connection with the accompanying draw-l ing, illustrating a preferred embodiment of the same.
In the drawing 1`Figure 1 shows the invention in elevation as applied to the end closure of a steel vault shown in vertical longitudinal section. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the hinge. Fig. 3 is a detail end view. Fig. 4 is a transverse section on the line 4 4 of Fig. 2. n
As illustrated in the drawing, the hinge is composed of four parts, the fixed leaf 1, the swinging leaf 2 and the connecting link 3 assembled by means of twin pintles 4. It will be observed that the fixed leaf 1 is provided with a pair of knuckles 5 oset with relation to the plane of the face 6 of said leaf designed to engage the device to which the hinge is to be attached, the direction of offsetting being on the same side of the hinge leaf as said face. The swinging leaf 2 is also provided with a pair of knuckles 7 offset with relation to the plane of that face of the leaf designed to engage the delvice to which said leaf is to be attached, but
the direction of offsetting is from that side of the leaf remote from said face. It will also be observed that the corresponding members of each pair of knuckles 5 and 7 are spaced apart in transverse alinement,
and that the pintles 4 are disposed within and connect the two members of each pair. A link having two eyes 8 and 9 connected by the web 10 is disposed within the space inclosed by the hinge leaves and their knuckles with its eyes in longitudinal alinement with the members of the respective pairs of knuckles, so as to be traversed by the pint-les.
The two leaves of the hinge are provided with the usual screw receiving openings 10a, while the fixed leaf 1 has in its rear edge a notch 11 and in its upper face a depression or recess 12, while the hinge leaf 2 is struck up in its medial portion to form in its lower face a depression or recess 13, the notch 11 and the depressions l2 and 13 /being in substantial alinement, viewed transversely of the hinge in the position shown in Fig. 4, and the depression 13 being in substantial intersecting alinement with the notch 11 when the hinged leaves occupy the position shown in Fig. 1. The portions 11, 12 and 13 of the hinge leaves permit the attachment of the hinge to devices where ribs or rivet heads would otherwise interfere.
As applied to the vertically swinging door 14 of the vault 15, the hinge leaf 1 is secured by the rivets 16 to the upper wall of the vault with the knuckles 5 extending beyond the overhanging end 17 of the said wall, while the hinge leaf 2 is riveted at 18 to the closure with the upper edge 19 of the said closure arranged substantially in alinement with that face of the knuckle 7 adjacent to the knuckle 5. As thus mounted it will be seen that the closure will swing freely along a curved line beneath and to the rear of the knuckle 5. The knuckles 7 of the hinge leaf 2 swing to a position close to the face 6 bei low and back of the knuckle 5, thus permitting the elo-sure to adjust itself vertically, laterally and longitudinally against its seat 19 at the vault opening. The door will naturally be secured in this posit-ion by any usual locking means not shown. The opening of the door is also facilitated by the tendency of the door and hinge to swing by gravity to the posit-ion shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1 as soon as unlocked, by reason of the weight of the door and the swinging hinge being supported to the rear of t-he knuckle 5 by the link 10. After the closure has swung to the released posit-ion shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1, it may be entirely removed from before the vault opening by swinging the hinge in a continuation of the same a "c up over the top of the vault with thehinge leaf occupying the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3. In this position it will be seen that the vault opening is entirely unobstructed. The hinge is also adapted to the mounting ofsirnilar closures at the side or below instead of above the opening, and the operation in either case is the same as that described except as to the tendency to swing to the released position indicated in Fig. 1.
What is claimed is l. A hinge provided with two leaves having transversely spaced knuckles with `pintles traversing said knuckles and a link having eyesengaged by the pintles to hold the leaves in spaced pivotal relation, the knuckles of both leaves being offset with relation thereto from respectively opposite faces thereof.
2. A hinge provided with two leaves, one having knuckles offset from the face of the leaf designed to engage the device to which the hinge is to be attached, and the other with knuckles offset from the face remote from that designed to eng-age the device to which the hinge is to be attached, a link connecting the knuckles of the two hinge leaves, and pintles traversing the respective knuckles and ends of the link.
3. The combination with a receptacle having one end open, and a closure therefor seating in the open end of the receptacle in inset relation thereto, and said receptacle being designed to rest in a substantially horizontal position, with two leaves, and a junction link pivotally connected at opposite ends to and connecting the leaves, one of said leaves being connected to the open end of the receptacle in overhanging relation thereto and the other leaf being connected to the closure, the junction link having its pivotal connection to the leaves at different distances from those faces of the respective leaves designed to engage the receptacle and closure.
In testimony, that I claim the foregoing as iny own, I have hereto aiiiXed iny signature in the presence of two witnesses.
FERDINAND F. UNCKRICI-I.
Witnesses:
FRIEDA MA'r'rHnRs, AGNES SGHNAUZ.
Copies of Commissioner of Patents.
Washington, D. G.
of a hinge provided
US66537011A 1911-12-12 1911-12-12 Hinge. Expired - Lifetime US1031745A (en)

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US66537011A US1031745A (en) 1911-12-12 1911-12-12 Hinge.

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US66537011A US1031745A (en) 1911-12-12 1911-12-12 Hinge.

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5659929A (en) * 1995-12-27 1997-08-26 Cheng; Lin Ming Multi-function hinge structure
US6557385B1 (en) * 2001-12-14 2003-05-06 Shoei-Yuan Shih Safety and anti-theft door guard for a server
US9816303B2 (en) * 2016-03-16 2017-11-14 Harry Kai Lee Double axial hinge for a console

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5659929A (en) * 1995-12-27 1997-08-26 Cheng; Lin Ming Multi-function hinge structure
US6557385B1 (en) * 2001-12-14 2003-05-06 Shoei-Yuan Shih Safety and anti-theft door guard for a server
US9816303B2 (en) * 2016-03-16 2017-11-14 Harry Kai Lee Double axial hinge for a console

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