US1003386A - Window-sash fastener. - Google Patents

Window-sash fastener. Download PDF

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Publication number
US1003386A
US1003386A US1910585137A US1003386A US 1003386 A US1003386 A US 1003386A US 1910585137 A US1910585137 A US 1910585137A US 1003386 A US1003386 A US 1003386A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
slot
sash
bar
window
catch
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Elmer R Welker
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Elmer R Welker
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Application filed by Elmer R Welker filed Critical Elmer R Welker
Priority to US1910585137 priority Critical patent/US1003386A/en
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Publication of US1003386A publication Critical patent/US1003386A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B65/00Locks or fastenings for special use
    • E05B65/08Locks or fastenings for special use for sliding wings
    • E05B65/0835Locks or fastenings for special use for sliding wings the bolts pivoting about an axis parallel to the wings
    • E05B65/0852Locks or fastenings for special use for sliding wings the bolts pivoting about an axis parallel to the wings with a bolt under compression force
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10S292/20Window fasteners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/1043Swinging
    • Y10T292/1051Spring projected
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/1043Swinging
    • Y10T292/1075Operating means
    • Y10T292/1083Rigid
    • Y10T292/1089Sliding catch

Description

B. R. WELKER.

WINDOW SASH FASTENEB.

APPLICATION Hum 001', a, 1910.

Patented se t. 12,1911.

UNITED STATES TENT OFFICE.

ELMER R. WELKER, OF KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI.

WINDOW-SASH FASTENER.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that T, ELMER R. VVELKER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Kansas City, in the county of Jackson and State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Window- Sash Fasteners, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to window sash fasteners, and has for its object the production of a device of this character inaccessible to a person at the outer side of the window, which will positively limit the upward movement of the lower sash and the downward movement of the upper sash and which may be located to effectually guard against the entrance of a person through the window without interfering with the circulation of the air therethrough.

A further object is to produce a device of the character mentioned which may be adjusted to avoid interfering with the free travel of either of the sashes.

With these objects in view the invention consists in certain novel and peculiar features of construction and organization as hereinafter described and claimed; and in order that it may be fully understood reference is to be had to the accompanying drawing, in which- Figure 1, is a perspective view of a frag ment of a window equipped with a sash fastener embodying my invention. Fig. 2, is an enlarged vetrical section on the line IIII of Fig. 1. Fig. 3, is a detail per spective view of the bar constituting the casing of the fastener.

In the said drawing, 1 indicates the window casing, 2 the lower sash, and 3 the upper sash of a window. The upper sash of the window is provided at a suitable distance above its lower rail with a vertical recess 4:, and fitting therein, is a bar 5, constituting the casing of the fastener, a screw 6 extending through said bar into the upper sash to secure the former rigidly in position.

7 is a longitudinal slot in and opening through the inner face of the bar.

8 is a longitudinal slot formed in the bar and communicating at its lower end with the rear part of slot 7, and 9, is a pin secured to the bar and projecting rearwardly into slot 8, and equipped within the latter with an expansive coiled spring 10. Above the pin 9 the inner face of the bar is pro- Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed October 3, 1910.

Patented Sept. 12, 1911.

Serial No. 585,137.

vided with a longitudinally extending recess 11 connecting said recess with slot 8 is a large slot 12, and fitting slidingly in slot 8 is a block 13 provided at its lower end with a pair of notches 1 1 and 15, and said block is provided with a stem 16, fitting slidingly in slot 12, and riveted or otherwise secured on stem 16, and susceptible of sliding up and down in recess 11, is a head 17, said head by preference lying wholly within recess ll and mounted on a pivot 18, extending across the upper end of slot 7.

Carried by the bar 5, is a catch 19 susceptible of lying wholly within slot 7 to avoid interfering withthe free upward and downward travel. of the lower or the upper sash as hereinafter explained or of projecting at its lower end beyond the inner face of the bar as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, and said catch is provided at its upper end with an arm 20, projecting upwardly into slot 8 and provided with a hole 21 loosely receiving the rear end of pin 9, the arrangement be ing such that spring 10 shall exert an outward pressure on said arm 20, for the purpose of pivotally swinging the lower end of the catch to the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2.

The fastener is preferably arranged so that the lower end of the catch shall be disposed about six inches above the lower sill of the upper sash so that when the catch, is in operative position as shown by Figs. 1 and 2, it will be impossible to lower the upper sash more than six inches or to raise the lower sash a greater distance as the lower end of the catch when in operative position as explained overhangs the lower sash, wear upon the latter being prevented by providing it with a recess 22, in which is secured a wear plate 23, it being obvious that the lower sash may be raised and the upper sash lowered a distance which conjointly is determined between the lower end of the catch and the upper side of the lower rail of the upper sash.

During the day when it is not desired to interfere with the free travel of the sashes the catch is repressed until it lies wholly within the slot 7 and pressure is applied on the head 17 to slide the same and hence the connected block 13 downward until the notch 14 receives the upper end of the arm 20 of the catch and thus holds the latter in its repressed or inoperative position. At night the head and block is slid upward to permit the "spring to project the catch to operative position and then the head and block are relowered until the notch 15 engages the upper end of the arm of the catch and thus locks the same, in its projected .or operative position to positively limit the upward movement of the lower sash or downward movement of the upper sash.

It will be apparent that by arranging the head 17 in the recess '11 and beveling or rounding said head at its ends as shown, it will be impossible for a person at the outer side to lower the upper sash until it is arrested by the engagement of the catch with the plate 23 and then by reaching through the upper sash obtain a sutlicient grip upon the head to raise the same and free the catch so that the latter may be repressed until the window sash can be forced downward until the catch clears plate 23, it being also noticed,

that the head 17 is of sufficient size to completely cover slot 12-and thus prevent a hook being inserted in said slot to raise the block and free the catch.

From the above description it will be ap parent that I have produced a window sash ;-trated and described the preferred embodiment of the invention I wish it to be understood that I do not desire to be-restricted to the exact details of construction shown and described as obvious modifications will sugj gest themselves to one skilled in the art.

I claim l. A window sash fastener, comprising a bar provided with a longitudinal slot opening through its inner face, a second slot com- 1 municating at its lower end with the back part of the first-named slot, and a third slot extending through the bar from its inner face to the upper part of the said second slot, a catch fitting in the first-named slot and pivoted nearthe upper end of the latter to the bar and susceptible of lying wholly within said slot or of projecting at its lower end therefrom beyond the inner face of the bar and provided at its upper end with an apertured arm projecting upwardly into the said second slot, a pin projecting from the bar loosely through the aperture of said arm, a coiled spring mounted on the pin and interposed between and bearing against the bar and said arm and tending to project the lower end of the catch beyond the inner face of the bar, a slidable block in the second slot provided with a pair of notches in its lower end and with a stem projecting into said third slot, and a head secured to said stem and engaging the inner face of the bar and covering said third slot.

2. A window sash fastener, comprising a bar provided with a longitudinal slot opening through its inner face, a-second slot coinmunicating at its lower end with the back part of the first-named slot, and a third slot extending through the bar from its inner face to the upper part of the said second slot, said bar being provided also with a recess in its inner face communicating the said third slot, a catch fitting in the first-named slot, and pivoted near the upper end'of the latter to the bar and susceptible of lying wholly within said slot or of projecting at its lower end therefrom beyond the inner face of the bar and provided at its upper end with an apertured arm projecting upwardly into the said second slot, a pin projecting from the bar loosely through theaperture of said arm, a coiled spring mounted on the pin and interposed between and bearing against the bar and said arm and tending to projectthe lower end of the catch beyond the inner face of the bar, a slidable block in the second slot provided with a pair of notches in its lower end and with a stem projecting into said third slot, and a head fitting in "the recess of the bar and secured to said stem and beveled at its front end and covering said third slot.-

In testimony whereof I affix my signature, in the presence of two witnesses.

ELMER It. VVELKER.

lVitnesses W. A. MERRIMAN, ROY L. STORMS.

7 Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.

US1910585137 1910-10-03 1910-10-03 Window-sash fastener. Expired - Lifetime US1003386A (en)

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US1910585137 US1003386A (en) 1910-10-03 1910-10-03 Window-sash fastener.

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US1910585137 US1003386A (en) 1910-10-03 1910-10-03 Window-sash fastener.

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US1003386A true US1003386A (en) 1911-09-12

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6364375B1 (en) * 2000-02-15 2002-04-02 Ashland Products, Inc. Apparatus for securing sash window
US7494164B1 (en) 2007-09-10 2009-02-24 Jeld-Wen, Inc. Window latch
US20110062727A1 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-03-17 Luke Liang Vent stop for wooden and other windows
US8061082B2 (en) 2008-01-09 2011-11-22 Jeld-Wen, Inc. Window latch
US9840860B2 (en) 2009-05-29 2017-12-12 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Double-action, adjustable, after-market sash stop
US10006232B2 (en) 2006-03-28 2018-06-26 Vision Industries Group Window vent stop with flexible side engagement pieces
US10107021B1 (en) 2006-03-28 2018-10-23 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Window vent stop with plastic spring member for bi-directional biasing of the tumbler
US10119310B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2018-11-06 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Combination sash lock and tilt latch with improved interconnection for blind mating of the latch to the lock
US10633897B2 (en) 2017-02-16 2020-04-28 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Tamper-resistant lock
US10704297B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2020-07-07 Vision Industries, Inc. Impact resistant lock and tilt latch combination for a sliding sash window
US10844642B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2020-11-24 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Combination four-position sash lock and tilt latch also functioning as a window opening control device
US10844636B2 (en) 2017-05-23 2020-11-24 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Combination forced entry resistant sash lock and tilt latch, also functioning as a window opening control device
US10865592B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2020-12-15 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Sash lock and tilt latch also functioning as a window vent stop, with automatic locking upon closure

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6572158B2 (en) 2000-02-15 2003-06-03 Ashland Products, Inc. Apparatus for securing sash window
US6364375B1 (en) * 2000-02-15 2002-04-02 Ashland Products, Inc. Apparatus for securing sash window
US10006232B2 (en) 2006-03-28 2018-06-26 Vision Industries Group Window vent stop with flexible side engagement pieces
US10107021B1 (en) 2006-03-28 2018-10-23 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Window vent stop with plastic spring member for bi-directional biasing of the tumbler
US10053896B2 (en) 2006-03-28 2018-08-21 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Window vent stop with flexible side engagement pieces
US20090066093A1 (en) * 2007-09-10 2009-03-12 Jeld-Wen, Inc. Window latch
US7494164B1 (en) 2007-09-10 2009-02-24 Jeld-Wen, Inc. Window latch
US8061082B2 (en) 2008-01-09 2011-11-22 Jeld-Wen, Inc. Window latch
US9840860B2 (en) 2009-05-29 2017-12-12 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Double-action, adjustable, after-market sash stop
US8360484B2 (en) * 2009-07-30 2013-01-29 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Vent stop for wooden and other windows
US20110062727A1 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-03-17 Luke Liang Vent stop for wooden and other windows
US10119310B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2018-11-06 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Combination sash lock and tilt latch with improved interconnection for blind mating of the latch to the lock
US10323446B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2019-06-18 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Integrated sash lock and tilt latch combination with improved interconnection capability therebetween
US10844642B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2020-11-24 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Combination four-position sash lock and tilt latch also functioning as a window opening control device
US10704297B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2020-07-07 Vision Industries, Inc. Impact resistant lock and tilt latch combination for a sliding sash window
US10865592B2 (en) 2014-03-06 2020-12-15 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Sash lock and tilt latch also functioning as a window vent stop, with automatic locking upon closure
US10633897B2 (en) 2017-02-16 2020-04-28 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Tamper-resistant lock
US10844636B2 (en) 2017-05-23 2020-11-24 Vision Industries Group, Inc. Combination forced entry resistant sash lock and tilt latch, also functioning as a window opening control device

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