US10018A - Richard h - Google Patents

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US10018A
US10018A US10018DA US10018A US 10018 A US10018 A US 10018A US 10018D A US10018D A US 10018DA US 10018 A US10018 A US 10018A
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valve
sector
engine
eccentric
cam
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01LCYCLICALLY OPERATING VALVES FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01L29/00Reversing gear
    • F01L29/04Reversing gear by links or guide rods

Description

RICHARD H.

TOWNSEND, OF NEW YORK,

WORKING THE VALVES OF STEAM-ENGINES.

Specicaton lof Letters Patent No. 10,018, dated September 413, 1853.

To all whom t may concern.'

Be it known that I, RICHARD H. TOWN- SEND, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented and made certain new and useful Improvements in the Means for Moving and Actuating the Valves of Steam- Engines; and I ldo hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the construction and operation of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawing, making part of this specilication, wherein-- Figure 1, is a side elevation of a horizontal engine with the valve chest shown open to represent the position of the valve and steam po-rts. Fig. 2, is an elevation of the governor and parts at right angles to Fig. 1.

The like marks of reference designate the same parts.

The nature of my said invention consists in a peculiar combination of the eccentric and cam, the eccentric working as usual when operating on the valve to give the engine steam nearly the entire stroke; the cam so shaped that when it is brought into operation, the valve is moved in such a way as to cut 0E at the smallest part of the stroke at which the engine is required to work. These motions are combined by means of a sector operated on by the governor, that when the governor balls fall in consequence of the increased power required from the engine diminishing the speed, the eccentric is brought into operation on the valve, and when the engine is doing little work, the operation of the governor by sliding the sector brings the cam into operation to cut ofil and allow the engine but little steam; the regulation of the position of the sector by the governor thus at any intermediate point or at the extremes, supplying steam and causing the valve to cut off in proportion to the work to be performed. And by a peculiar apparatus in case the valve does not supply the required steam to keep up the momentum, the throttle valve is opened farther, or the reverse operation is performed if the work be thrown olf the 'engine so as to need little steam.

A, is the bed of the engine, carrying the cylinder B; a, is the piston rod; the connecting rod to the crank c, on the shaft e, supported in pillow blocks d. These parts so far may be of any usual character, and

I have shown herein my improvements as attached to a horlzontal engine, but by slightly varying the parts, they will be suitcentric rod from the ring l, to a slotted seci tor 71 through a block or slide in which slotted sector is the crank pin 2, of the rock shaft 4, the outer end of the rod g and sector being suspended by a sling o, so as to vibrate; and the crank pin 2, is connected by a link 3, setting loose on the rock shaft, and a lever 5, attached firmly to the rock shaft by means of an arm 6, connects or disconnects the valves and eccentric by a notch in the lever as usual.

is the arm on t-he rock shaft with a rod 7 to the valve z', in the steam chest 7c, of the cyllnder; 8 and 9, are the induction ports, and 10, are exhaust ports of any usual form or character. The parts thus far, working as usual, need no more description n, is a cam on the main shaft, which may either be a separate fixture or a groove in the body of the eccentric f.

l1, is a rod sliding through a guide 12, on-the ring 1, of the eccentric or other suitable support, on the end of which rod 11, is a pin or roller working in the groove of the cam, the other end of the rod being connected at 13, to the sector h. The shape of i the cam n, is such that if the sector z, be raised so that the point 13, comes opposite the crank pin 2, of the rock shaft it will cause the valve z', to cut off the steam at the quarter half or any other point of the stroke required, keeping the valve in that position and allowing the engine to workexpansively the remainder of the stroke, which operation by a cam alone on the valve is well known.

The sector 7L, is curved from the center of the eccentric; consequently if the points 13 and 14, are equidistant from the center of the eccentric, (as they are at the commencement of each stroke) the eccentric rod and sector' could be moved up or down on the pin 2, without moving the valve, consequently it will be seen that the position in which the sector is placed on the crank pin 2, causes either the eccentric or cam to be brought into operation, alone at the extremes, (the sector vibrating on the pin 2, by the motion of the cam or eccentric not in operation on the valve); and at any intermediate point the valve receives a motion the resultant of both the cam and eccentric, cutting ofi' at a point proportioned to the proximity of the pin 2, to either the points 13 or 14. The means used to move the sector on the pin 2, may be of any desired character according to the requirements of the engine, but I prefer that the same should be actuated from the governor so as to be self regulating; for this purpose I have represented the following apparatus.

y?, is a block receiving the joint of the upper end of the sling 0, which block is set on slides 15, and has a screw 16, passing through the same, by the rotation of which the sector is moved and sustained.

g, are the governor balls on the spindle 23, propelled as usual from the main shaft.v 24 are slings to a sleeve around the spindle moving on a key, which sleeve carries, at its upper and lower ends miter wheels 21 and 22, facing each other, at a suificient distance apart not to touch the upper and lower edgey of a miter wheel 19, at the same time, so that the governors can rotate without mov-y ing said wheel 19, but if the governor balls rise the wheel 19 will be rotated in one direction and if they fall in the other direction, by the miter wheels coming together; this rotation is communicated by miter wheels 17 and 18, to the screw 16; 20, are the supports forthe shaft of the wheels 18 and 19. By this means the speed of the engine places the sector h, so as to cut olf by the valve in proportion t-o the work required of the engine. 1

25, is a vertical sliding rod on which are pins 26 and 27 near the extremes of the motion given to the block p, and so that the block p, in moving to the top or bottom of its slides gives at that point a motion either up or down to the rod 25, which motion is communicated by a right angle crank r, and rod 28, to the arm 29 on the spindle of the throttle or stop valve which arm is weighted so that the throttle valve is returned to its usual position when any unusual strain is relieved from the engine, or when the ordinary work is again given to the power after it has been thrown off. I prefer that a lever m, be used as now common and that the arm 29 be attached by a screw Z, so that the engineer can give the engine the ordinary quantity of steam, and then by tightening the screw Z, attach the Yspeed of the engine regulates the position of the sector.

I am aware that the cam and eccentric have both been used to work the valves of a steam engine, therefore I do not claim them separately; but I am not aware that they have ever been combined by means of a sector thereby bringing either the cam or eccentric into operation alone or together `to give the valve a motion between the two eX- trenies of a full supply and a quick cut off as required. And I am also aware that a screw has been moved from a governor to regulate the amount of steam or water supplied as active power to the engine, but I am not aware that the governor has ever been used to bring either the cam or eccentric into operation on the valve by means of the screw or any other suitable device; therefore What I desire to secure by Letters Patent is: e

1. I claim the combination of a cam and eccentric by means of the sector it, or its equivalent to operate on the valve or parts that move the same, and cut off or work with the full pressure by the eccentric according to the position of said sector as described and shown.

2. I claim adjusting the position of the sector 7i, by means of the governor through the screw or other suitable means whereby the governor regulates the position of the sector to communicate the desired motion to the valve of the engine from the eccentric or cam or both according to the power required from the engine as specified.

3. I claim the rod 25, and points 26 and 27 to take motion from the block 79 at its eX-v tremes of motion and communicate the same by means of the right angle lever r, to the throttle or stop valve as specified.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my signature this day the twenty-sixth of May, one thousand eight hundred and fiftythree.

R. H. TOVNSEND. Witnesses SAML. ToWNsEND, LEMUEL W. SERRELL.

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2945506A (en) * 1955-06-23 1960-07-19 Gasaccumulator Svenska Ab Control valve, particularly for air jackets
US20050021135A1 (en) * 2001-03-15 2005-01-27 Ryan Timothy R. Annuloplasty band and method
US20060190077A1 (en) * 2002-03-18 2006-08-24 Ryan Timothy R Annuloplasty system
JP2012035596A (en) * 2010-08-11 2012-02-23 Seiko Epson Corp Inkjet recording method, ink set, and recorded matter
JP2012054403A (en) * 2010-09-01 2012-03-15 Denso Corp Semiconductor device
JP2012074676A (en) * 2010-09-02 2012-04-12 Seiko Instruments Inc Solar panel, wristwatch, and method for manufacturing solar panel
JP2012076430A (en) * 2010-10-06 2012-04-19 Star Seiki Co Ltd Core device for supplying label and label supplying method
JP2012156247A (en) * 2011-01-25 2012-08-16 Hitachi Metals Ltd Method for manufacturing r-t-b based sintered magnet
JP2012172651A (en) * 2011-02-24 2012-09-10 Nissin Kogyo Co Ltd Plunger pump, and method for manufacturing plunger pump
JP2012249025A (en) * 2011-05-26 2012-12-13 Nippon Telegr & Teleph Corp <Ntt> Image encoding apparatus, image encoding method, and program
JP2013069099A (en) * 2011-09-22 2013-04-18 Toshiba Corp Control system, control method and program
JP2013174972A (en) * 2012-02-23 2013-09-05 Toshiba Corp Memory system, controller and control method for memory system
JP2014016984A (en) * 2012-07-06 2014-01-30 Pegatron Corp Method for setting wallpaper picture, and digital media controller
JP2014130597A (en) * 2012-12-27 2014-07-10 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co Ltd Virtual machine management system and management method therefor
JP2014186230A (en) * 2013-03-25 2014-10-02 Toshiba It Service Kk Display installation device
JP5607839B2 (en) * 2011-11-24 2014-10-15 パナソニック株式会社 Diagnosis support apparatus and diagnosis support method

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2945506A (en) * 1955-06-23 1960-07-19 Gasaccumulator Svenska Ab Control valve, particularly for air jackets
US20050021135A1 (en) * 2001-03-15 2005-01-27 Ryan Timothy R. Annuloplasty band and method
US20060190077A1 (en) * 2002-03-18 2006-08-24 Ryan Timothy R Annuloplasty system
JP2012035596A (en) * 2010-08-11 2012-02-23 Seiko Epson Corp Inkjet recording method, ink set, and recorded matter
JP2012054403A (en) * 2010-09-01 2012-03-15 Denso Corp Semiconductor device
JP2012074676A (en) * 2010-09-02 2012-04-12 Seiko Instruments Inc Solar panel, wristwatch, and method for manufacturing solar panel
JP2012076430A (en) * 2010-10-06 2012-04-19 Star Seiki Co Ltd Core device for supplying label and label supplying method
JP2012156247A (en) * 2011-01-25 2012-08-16 Hitachi Metals Ltd Method for manufacturing r-t-b based sintered magnet
JP2012172651A (en) * 2011-02-24 2012-09-10 Nissin Kogyo Co Ltd Plunger pump, and method for manufacturing plunger pump
JP2012249025A (en) * 2011-05-26 2012-12-13 Nippon Telegr & Teleph Corp <Ntt> Image encoding apparatus, image encoding method, and program
JP2013069099A (en) * 2011-09-22 2013-04-18 Toshiba Corp Control system, control method and program
JP5607839B2 (en) * 2011-11-24 2014-10-15 パナソニック株式会社 Diagnosis support apparatus and diagnosis support method
JP2013174972A (en) * 2012-02-23 2013-09-05 Toshiba Corp Memory system, controller and control method for memory system
JP2014016984A (en) * 2012-07-06 2014-01-30 Pegatron Corp Method for setting wallpaper picture, and digital media controller
JP2014130597A (en) * 2012-12-27 2014-07-10 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co Ltd Virtual machine management system and management method therefor
JP2014186230A (en) * 2013-03-25 2014-10-02 Toshiba It Service Kk Display installation device

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