TWM609441U - Precast environmental protection interlocking slope protection brick - Google Patents

Precast environmental protection interlocking slope protection brick Download PDF

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Publication number
TWM609441U
TWM609441U TW109214601U TW109214601U TWM609441U TW M609441 U TWM609441 U TW M609441U TW 109214601 U TW109214601 U TW 109214601U TW 109214601 U TW109214601 U TW 109214601U TW M609441 U TWM609441 U TW M609441U
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brick
slope protection
brick body
stone
adjacent
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TW109214601U
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楊文玲
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楊文玲
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一種預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚,係以預鑄石材形成一磚體;其中,該磚體之中央處具有一孔穴,其底部設有四個定位座,且相鄰的兩定位座之間形成一凹陷部;而孔穴與個別凹陷部之間則設有縱向穿孔與橫向穿孔;藉此,疊砌護坡磚牆時,先鋪設一礫石層,並於護坡底部構築一基座,再自基座上方逐層朝上疊砌磚體,而過程中必須將相鄰磚體之定位座互相靠置,再以一鋼索穿設其穿孔並鎖固以阻止磚體滑動;磚牆中其相鄰磚體之凹陷部將形成凹穴,進而產生磚體嵌設於磚牆中的立體感,且當孔穴植栽後,將進一步顯現該護坡磚牆的美感。據此,本創作具有成本低廉、施工迅速、耐用性及立體化美觀的效益。A kind of environmental protection interlocking slope protection brick is formed of a brick body with a stone; wherein a hole is provided in the center of the brick body, and four positioning seats are arranged at the bottom of the brick body, and a block is formed between two adjacent positioning seats. Depressions; and between the holes and individual depressions, there are longitudinal and transverse perforations; this way, when stacking the slope protection brick wall, a gravel layer is first laid, and a foundation is built at the bottom of the slope protection, and then from the top of the foundation Stack the bricks layer by layer upwards, and during the process, the positioning seats of the adjacent bricks must be placed against each other, and then a steel cable is used to perforate and lock the bricks to prevent the bricks from sliding; the adjacent bricks in the brick wall The recessed part will form a cavity, thereby creating a three-dimensional impression of the brick embedded in the brick wall, and when the cavity is planted, the beauty of the slope protection brick wall will be further revealed. Accordingly, this creation has the benefits of low cost, rapid construction, durability and three-dimensional beauty.

Description

預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚預鑄Environmental Protection Chain Slope Protection Brick

本創作係有關一種護坡磚,尤指預鑄之磚體設有穿孔,可應用鋼索穿設鎖固,裨使疊砌之護坡磚牆具有施工迅速、磚體牢固及立體美觀之一種預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚。This creation is related to a kind of slope protection brick, especially the brick body with perforation, which can be fixed by steel cable, which helps to make the stacked slope protection brick wall have rapid construction, solid brick body and three-dimensional beautiful environmental protection. Chain slope protection bricks.

按,護坡牆的應用範圍包括路面上方之擋土、路基防塌陷的補強、或者防止河川之溢流等;傳統上護坡牆的施作方式,係在現地大面積開挖土方後,先打好地基,再以模板綁固鋼筋後灌製水泥,其工法既耗費工時成本高昂,且外表景觀單調,不符生態要求;因此目前業界多採用生態工法,包括有石籠牆、格框擋土牆及以預鑄式之護坡磚所推疊成之護坡磚牆;惟查,由於預鑄護坡磚之環境適用性較高,因此已被廣泛採用。According to the theory, the application range of slope protection wall includes soil retaining above the road surface, reinforcement of subgrade anti-collapse, or prevention of river overflow, etc. The traditional construction method of slope protection wall is to lay the earth after a large area of excavation on the site. For the foundation, the steel bars are bound with a formwork and then cement is poured. The construction method is time-consuming and costly, and the exterior landscape is monotonous, which does not meet the ecological requirements. Therefore, the industry currently uses ecological construction methods, including stone cage walls, trellis retaining walls, and retaining walls. The slope protection brick wall made of 預鑄-style slope protection bricks; however, due to the high environmental applicability of 預鑄 slope protection bricks, it has been widely used.

圖1所示,即為習用一種護坡磚90之構造及其堆疊使用示意圖;此種護坡磚90具有一凹槽91可作為填土植生之用。由於護坡磚90係由機具高壓一體成型,因此其正面層92係與磚體呈現同一構造,不具有附加之功能,且表面單調冷硬,不具備生態美;再者,堆疊護坡牆時,由於護坡磚90缺乏相互之間的固定機構,當後方的土石在大雨過後將積蓄大量的雨水,該土石即會升高壓力而對護坡牆產生威脅,因此,在堆疊該護坡磚90的施作過程中,即須增設護坡磚90之間的固定措施,進而增加作業的繁瑣,也增長了施工的工期與成本;因此,習知堆疊護坡磚施作護坡牆存有很大的改善空間。Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of a conventional slope protection brick 90 and its stacking use; this slope protection brick 90 has a groove 91 that can be used for soil filling and vegetation. Since the slope protection brick 90 is integrally formed by the machine and high pressure, its front layer 92 system and the brick body present the same structure, without additional functions, and the surface is monotonous and hard, without ecological beauty; in addition, when stacking slope protection walls, due to The slope protection bricks 90 lack a mutual fixing mechanism. When the earth and rock behind will accumulate a lot of rainwater after heavy rain, the soil and rock will increase the pressure and threaten the slope protection wall. Therefore, the construction process of stacking the slope protection brick 90 In this case, it is necessary to add fixing measures between the slope protection bricks 90, which increases the cumbersome operation and also increases the construction period and cost; therefore, there is a lot of room for improvement when the conventional stacked slope protection bricks are used as slope protection walls.

緣是,本創作之主要目的,係在提供一預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚,使其得以預鑄方式並採用回收環保石材製作,達到施工迅速與成本低廉的效益,同時護坡磚牆之施作可應用鋼索鎖固,使磚體牢牢固定在磚牆中。The reason is that the main purpose of this creation is to provide a series of environmental protection chain slope protection bricks, so that they can be made by using recycled environmental protection stone materials to achieve the benefits of rapid construction and low cost. At the same time, the construction of the slope protection brick wall can be used. Use steel cables to lock the brick body firmly in the brick wall.

本創作之次一目的,係在提供一預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚,使施作之護坡磚牆得以產生磚體嵌設其中的立體感,加上磚體設有孔穴可進行植栽,以進一步顯現護坡磚牆的美感。The second purpose of this creation is to provide an environmentally friendly chain slope protection brick, so that the slope protection brick wall can produce the three-dimensional effect of the brick embedded in it, and the brick body has holes for planting to further Show the beauty of the slope protection brick wall.

本創作之再一目的,係在提供一預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚,使施作之護坡磚牆之頂面與磚體具有不同組織結構據以強化磚牆表面抗風化之效益。Another purpose of this creation is to provide an environmentally friendly chain slope protection brick, so that the top surface of the slope protection brick wall and the brick body have different organizational structures to strengthen the effectiveness of the surface of the brick wall against weathering.

為達上述目的,本創作採取的技術手段,係以預鑄石材形成一磚體;其中,一孔穴,係上下貫穿設於該磚體其頂面之中央處;四個定位座,係分別設於該頂面四個邊角之底部,個別邊角與其相對應的定位座之間具有一朝向下方且朝向外側傾斜之斜邊,使相鄰的兩定位座之間據以形成一凹陷部;二縱向穿孔與二橫向穿孔,係分別呈對稱之配置,且係個別穿設於該孔穴與凹陷部之間。In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical method adopted in this creation is to form a brick body with 鑄瑄 stone; among them, a hole is set up and down through the center of the top surface of the brick body; four positioning seats are set separately At the bottom of the four corners of the top surface, there is a hypotenuse facing downward and to the outside between each corner and its corresponding positioning seat, so that a recess is formed between two adjacent positioning seats; The two longitudinal perforations and the two transverse perforations are arranged symmetrically, respectively, and are individually penetrated between the hole and the recessed portion.

藉此,疊砌護坡磚牆時,先在護坡的表面鋪設一礫石層,並於該護坡底部與地面之間構築一混凝土結構之基座,再自其上方逐層朝上疊砌該磚體,而過程中必須將相鄰磚體之定位座互相靠置,再以一鋼索穿設其穿孔並鎖固以阻止磚體滑動;磚牆中其相鄰磚體之凹陷部將形成凹穴,進而產生磚體嵌設於磚牆中的立體感,且當孔穴植栽後,將進一步顯現該護坡磚牆的美感。Therefore, when stacking the slope protection brick wall, a gravel layer is first laid on the surface of the slope protection, and a concrete structure base is constructed between the bottom of the slope protection and the ground, and then the brick body is stacked layer by layer from above. , And during the process, the positioning seats of the adjacent brick bodies must be placed against each other, and then a steel cable is used to pass through the perforations and lock them to prevent the brick from sliding; the concave part of the adjacent brick body in the brick wall will form a cavity, In turn, the three-dimensional feeling of the bricks embedded in the brick wall is produced, and when the holes are planted, the beauty of the slope protection brick wall will be further revealed.

依據前揭特徵,本創作中該磚體之頂面將進行噴砂或洗石子處理,使該頂面與其後方之磚體形成不同的組織結構,據以強化其抗風化之效益。According to the features of the previous disclosure, in this creation, the top surface of the brick body will be sandblasted or washed with stones, so that the top surface and the brick body behind it will form a different organizational structure, so as to strengthen its anti-weathering benefits.

依據前揭特徵,本創作中該預鑄石材係採回收環保陶瓷人造石、回收玻璃、回收天然廢石材碎粒、水泥、石粉及水依量比拌合,再經強力震動後高壓一體脫模成形者。According to the features of the previous disclosure, in this creation, the 預鑄 stone is collected and recycled environmentally friendly ceramic artificial stone, recycled glass, recycled natural waste stone fragments, cement, stone powder, and water are mixed in proportion, and then demolded under high pressure after strong vibration. Shaper.

藉助前揭特徵,本創作預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚,具有如下之效益: (1) 本創作係在工廠以回收環保陶瓷人造石、回收玻璃、回收天然廢石材碎粒、水泥、石粉及水依量比拌合,經強力震動後高壓一體脫模形成護坡磚,再運送至現場逐一疊砌施作護坡磚牆;由於護坡磚多採回收之環保石材,而施作工程可免除使用模板灌製水泥,且無需耗費時日等待混凝土凝固,因此本創作具有成本低廉以及施工迅速的效益。 (2)本創作預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚,其在孔穴與凹陷部之間設有二縱向穿孔與二橫向穿孔,當疊砌護坡磚牆時,可應用鋼索穿設並鎖固其相鄰的穿孔,以阻止磚體滑動並使磚體牢固在磚牆中,進而提升整體護坡磚牆之結構強度。 (3)本創作預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚,其四個定位座,係分別設於頂面邊角之底部,且與邊角之間具有一斜邊,使兩定位座之間據以形成一凹陷部;當疊砌護坡磚牆時,相鄰磚體之定位座相互靠置,則相鄰之凹陷部將據以形成凹穴,進而產生磚體嵌設於磚牆中的立體感,且當各個孔穴進行植栽後,將進一步顯現該護坡磚牆的美感。 (4)本創作預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚,其頂面因進一步採取噴砂或洗石子處理,使該頂面相較於後方磚體具有較小之毛細孔結構,可減低磚體表層之氧化速率並據以強化其抗風化之效益。 With the help of the previous features, this creation of environmental protection chain slope protection bricks has the following benefits: (1) This creation is based on the recycling of environmentally friendly ceramic artificial stone, recycled glass, recycled natural waste stone fragments, cement, stone powder and water based on the ratio of mixing, after strong vibration, high pressure and integrated demolding to form slope protection bricks, and then transported To the site one by one to build the slope protection brick walls; because the slope protection bricks are mostly recycled environmentally friendly stone materials, and the construction project can avoid the use of formwork to fill the cement, and there is no need to spend time waiting for the concrete to solidify, so this creation has low cost and rapid construction Benefits. (2) The environmental protection chain slope protection brick of this creation has two longitudinal perforations and two transverse perforations between the hole and the depression. When the slope protection brick wall is stacked, steel cables can be used to pass through and lock the adjacent Perforated to prevent the brick body from sliding and make the brick body firmly in the brick wall, thereby enhancing the structural strength of the overall slope protection brick wall. (3) In this creation, the environmental protection chain slope protection brick has four positioning seats, which are respectively set at the bottom of the top surface corners, and there is a slanted edge between the two positioning seats. Recessed part; when the slope protection brick wall is stacked, the positioning seats of adjacent brick bodies are placed against each other, and the adjacent recessed parts will form a cavity accordingly, thereby creating a three-dimensional impression of the brick body embedded in the brick wall, and When each hole is planted, the beauty of the slope protection brick wall will be further revealed. (4) In this creation, the environmental protection chain slope protection brick is further treated with sandblasting or stone washing on the top surface, so that the top surface has a smaller pore structure than the rear brick body, which can reduce the oxidation rate of the surface layer of the brick body and According to strengthen its anti-weathering benefits.

首先,請參閱圖2~3所示,為本創作預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚之結構,其係以預鑄石材形成一磚體10,該預鑄石材係以回收環保陶瓷人造石、回收玻璃、回收天然廢石材碎粒、水泥、石粉及水依量比拌合,再經強力震動後高壓一體脫模形成者;該磚體10具有一頂面11,且該頂面11之中央處設有一上下貫穿之孔穴12;四個定位座13,分別設於該頂面11四個邊角111之底部,且個別邊角111與其相對應的定位座13之間具有一朝向下方及且朝向外側傾斜之斜邊131,使相鄰的兩定位座13之間據以形成一凹陷部14;二縱向穿孔15與二橫向穿孔16,分別呈對稱之配置,且係個別穿設於該孔穴12與凹陷部14之間 ;本創作中該磚體10之頂面11更進一步進行噴砂或洗石子處理,使該頂面11與其後方之磚體10形成不同的組織結構,據以強化其抗風化之效益。 First of all, please refer to Figures 2 to 3, which is the structure of this creation of environmental protection chain slope protection bricks. It is made of 預鑄 stone to form a brick body 10. The 預鑄 stone is used to recycle environmentally friendly ceramic artificial stone, recycled glass, Recycled natural waste stone particles, cement, stone powder, and water are mixed according to the quantity ratio, and then subjected to strong vibration and then high-pressure integrated demoulding; the brick body 10 has a top surface 11, and a center of the top surface 11 is provided Holes 12 through up and down; four positioning seats 13 are respectively provided at the bottom of the four corners 111 of the top surface 11, and between each corner 111 and its corresponding positioning seat 13, there is a downward and outwardly inclined The oblique side 131 makes a recess 14 formed between two adjacent positioning seats 13; two longitudinal through holes 15 and two transverse through holes 16 are arranged symmetrically, and are respectively penetrated through the hole 12 and the recess Part 14 In this creation, the top surface 11 of the brick body 10 is further subjected to sandblasting or stone washing treatment, so that the top surface 11 and the brick body 10 behind it form a different organizational structure, thereby enhancing its anti-weathering benefits.

本創作於疊砌連鎖磚牆100之可行實施例,係將相鄰磚體10之定位座13相互靠置,亦即每一磚體10底部的四個定位座13,必須與其左、右、上、下其相鄰磚體10的定位座13互相靠置,再分別以短鋼索21穿設其相鄰磚體10的縱向穿孔15與橫向穿孔16,並在短鋼索21的兩端以第一固定裝置22予以鎖固,則每一磚體10將具有阻止周圍相鄰磚體10滑動的功能,進而促使每一磚體10得以牢牢地固定在連鎖磚牆100中,如圖4所示;本創作於疊砌連鎖磚牆100之另一可行實施例,係使用長鋼索23上下穿設其相鄰的縱向穿孔15,以及左右穿設其相鄰的橫向穿孔16,同時將長鋼索23的兩端分別以第二固定裝置24予以鎖固,則每一磚體10也同樣得以牢牢地固定在連鎖磚牆100中,如圖5所示。This is a feasible embodiment of stacking interlocking brick walls 100. The positioning seats 13 of adjacent brick bodies 10 are placed against each other. That is, the four positioning seats 13 at the bottom of each brick body 10 must be aligned with the left, right, and left sides of each brick body 10. The positioning seats 13 of the upper and lower adjacent brick bodies 10 lie against each other, and then short steel cables 21 are used to penetrate the longitudinal perforations 15 and transverse perforations 16 of their adjacent brick bodies 10, and the two ends of the short steel cables 21 A fixing device 22 is locked, and each brick body 10 will have the function of preventing the adjacent brick body 10 from sliding around, thereby promoting each brick body 10 to be firmly fixed in the interlocking brick wall 100, as shown in Fig. 4 This is another feasible embodiment created in the stacked interlocking brick wall 100, which uses a long steel cable 23 to pass through its adjacent longitudinal perforations 15 up and down, and to pass through its adjacent transverse perforations 16 left and right, and the long steel cable The two ends of 23 are respectively locked by the second fixing device 24, and each brick body 10 can also be firmly fixed in the interlocking brick wall 100, as shown in FIG. 5.

請進一步參閱圖6所示,為本創作疊砌連鎖護坡磚牆200之施作實例,其作業方式係先在護坡30的表面31鋪設一礫石層40,並於該護30的地面32構築一混凝土結構之基座50,再自該基座50的上方逐層朝上疊砌該磚體10,而過程中必須將相鄰磚體10之定位座13互相靠置,再以短鋼索21或長鋼索23穿設其相鄰的縱向穿孔15及橫向穿孔16,同時將短鋼索21或長鋼索23的兩端分別以第一固定裝置22或第二固定裝置24予以鎖固,則每一磚體10將被牢牢地固定在連鎖磚牆100中;連鎖磚牆100中其相鄰磚體10之凹陷部14將形成凹穴19,進而產生磚體10嵌設於連鎖磚牆100中的立體感,如圖4與圖5所示;且當孔穴12植栽後,將進一步顯現該連鎖護坡磚牆200的美感。Please further refer to Fig. 6, which is an example of the construction of the stacked interlocking slope protection brick wall 200. The operation method is to first lay a gravel layer 40 on the surface 31 of the slope protection 30, and build a layer on the ground 32 of the protection 30. On the base 50 of the concrete structure, the brick body 10 is stacked layer by layer from above the base 50. In the process, the positioning seats 13 of the adjacent brick bodies 10 must be placed against each other, and then short steel cables 21 or The long steel cable 23 penetrates its adjacent longitudinal perforations 15 and transverse perforations 16, and at the same time, both ends of the short steel cable 21 or the long steel cable 23 are respectively locked by the first fixing device 22 or the second fixing device 24, then each brick The body 10 will be firmly fixed in the interlocking brick wall 100; the depression 14 of the adjacent brick body 10 in the interlocking brick wall 100 will form a cavity 19, and the brick body 10 will be embedded in the interlocking brick wall 100 The three-dimensional sense is as shown in Figs. 4 and 5; and after the holes 12 are planted, the beauty of the interlocking slope protection brick wall 200 will be further revealed.

本創作係在工廠以回收環保陶瓷人造石、回收玻璃、回收天然廢石材碎粒、水泥、石粉及水依量比拌合,經強力震動後高壓一體脫模形成磚體10,再運送至現場逐一疊砌連鎖磚牆100;由於磚體10多採回收之環保石材,而施作工程可免除使用模板灌製水泥,且無需耗費時日等待混凝土凝固,因此本創作具有成本低廉以及施工迅速的效益。次者,本創作預鑄環保磚體10,其在孔穴12與凹陷部14之間設有二縱向穿孔15與二橫向穿孔16,當疊砌連鎖磚牆100時,可應用短鋼索21或長鋼索23穿設並鎖固其相鄰的縱向穿孔15與橫向穿孔16,以阻止磚體10滑動並使磚體10牢牢地固定在連鎖磚牆100中,進而提升整體連鎖護坡磚牆200之結構強度。又者,本創作預鑄環保磚體10,其四個定位座13,係分別設於頂面11邊角111之底部,且與邊角111之間具有一斜邊131,使兩定位座13之間據以形成一凹陷部14;當疊砌連鎖護坡磚牆200時,相鄰磚體10之定位座13互相靠置,則相鄰之凹陷部14將據以形成凹穴19,進而產生磚體10嵌設於連鎖磚牆100中的立體感,且當各個孔穴12進行植栽後,將進一步顯現該連鎖護坡磚牆200的美感。再者,本創作預鑄環保磚體10,其頂面11因進一步採取噴砂或洗石子處理,使該頂面11相較於後方磚體10具有較小之毛細孔結構,可減低磚體表層之氧化速率並據以強化其抗風化之效益。This creation is based on the recycling of environmentally friendly ceramic artificial stone, recycled glass, recycled natural waste stone fragments, cement, stone powder and water based on the ratio of mixing. After strong vibration, it is demolded by high pressure and integrated to form a brick body 10, and then transported to the site Stack the interlocking brick walls 100 one by one; because the brick body 10 uses recycled environmentally friendly stones, the construction project can eliminate the use of formwork to fill the cement, and there is no need to spend time waiting for the concrete to solidify, so this creation has the benefits of low cost and rapid construction . Secondly, the environmental protection brick body 10 of this creation has two longitudinal perforations 15 and two transverse perforations 16 between the hole 12 and the recess 14. When the chain brick wall 100 is stacked, short steel cables 21 or long cables can be used. The steel cable 23 penetrates and locks its adjacent longitudinal perforations 15 and transverse perforations 16 to prevent the brick body 10 from sliding and firmly fix the brick body 10 in the interlocking brick wall 100, thereby improving the overall interlocking slope protection brick wall 200 Structural strength. In addition, the environmental protection brick body 10 of this creation has four positioning seats 13 respectively set at the bottom of the corner 111 of the top surface 11, and there is a bevel 131 between the corner 111 and the two positioning seats 13 A depression 14 is formed therebetween; when the interlocking slope protection brick wall 200 is stacked, the positioning seats 13 of the adjacent brick bodies 10 lie against each other, and the adjacent depressions 14 will form a cavity 19 accordingly, thereby producing The brick body 10 has a three-dimensional effect embedded in the interlocking brick wall 100, and when each hole 12 is planted, the beauty of the interlocking slope protection brick wall 200 will be further revealed. Furthermore, the environmentally friendly brick body 10 of the original creation has a further sandblasting or stone washing treatment on the top surface 11, so that the top surface 11 has a smaller pore structure than the rear brick body 10, which can reduce the surface layer of the brick body. According to the oxidation rate, it strengthens its anti-weathering benefits.

綜上所述,本創作所揭示之構造,為昔所無,且確能達到功效之增進,並具可供產業利用性,完全符合新型專利要件,祈請  鈞局核賜專利,以勵創新,無任德感。To sum up, the structure disclosed in this creation is unprecedented, and it can indeed achieve the enhancement of efficacy, and is available for industrial use, and fully meets the requirements of a new patent. I pray that the Jun Bureau will grant the patent to encourage innovation. , No sense of morality.

惟,上述所揭露之圖式、說明,僅為本創作之較佳實施例,大凡熟悉此項技藝人士,依本案精神範疇所作之修飾或等效變化,仍應包括在本案申請專利範圍內。However, the above-mentioned diagrams and descriptions are only the preferred embodiments of this creation. Anyone familiar with the art, modifications or equivalent changes made in accordance with the spirit of this case should still be included in the scope of the patent application in this case.

10:磚體 11:頂面 111:邊角 12:孔穴 13:定位座 131:斜邊 14:凹陷部 15:縱向穿孔 16:橫向穿孔 19:凹穴 21:鋼索/短鋼索 22:第一固定裝置 23:鋼索/長鋼索 24:第二固定裝置 30:護坡 31:表面 32:地面 40:礫石層 50:基座 100:連鎖磚牆 200:連鎖護坡磚牆 10: Brick body 11: Top surface 111: corner 12: Hole 13: positioning seat 131: Hypotenuse 14: Depressed part 15: Longitudinal perforation 16: horizontal perforation 19: cavities 21: Steel cable/short cable 22: The first fixing device 23: Steel cable / long steel cable 24: second fixing device 30: slope protection 31: Surface 32: Ground 40: gravel layer 50: Pedestal 100: Chain Brick Wall 200: Interlocking slope protection brick wall

圖 1 :係習用一種護坡磚構造及其堆疊使用之示意圖。 圖 2 :係本創作預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚之立體圖。 圖 3 :係本創作預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚之上視圖。 圖 4 :係本創作疊砌連鎖磚牆之一可行實施例示意圖。 圖 5 :係本創作疊砌連鎖磚牆之另一可行實施例示意圖。 圖 6 :係本創作疊砌連鎖護坡磚牆之施作狀態示意圖。 Figure 1: A schematic diagram of a conventional slope protection brick structure and its stacking use. Figure 2: A three-dimensional view of the original environmental protection chain slope protection brick created by this book. Figure 3: The top view of the environmental protection chain slope protection brick created by this book. Figure 4: Schematic diagram of a feasible embodiment of the stacking interlocking brick wall of this creation. Figure 5: is a schematic diagram of another feasible embodiment of stacking interlocking brick walls in this creation. Figure 6: It is a schematic diagram of the construction state of the stacking chain slope protection brick wall of this creation.

10:磚體 10: Brick body

11:頂面 11: Top surface

111:邊角 111: corner

12:孔穴 12: Hole

13:定位座 13: positioning seat

131:斜邊 131: Hypotenuse

14:凹陷部 14: Depressed part

15:縱向穿孔 15: Longitudinal perforation

16:橫向穿孔 16: horizontal perforation

Claims (3)

一種預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚,係以預鑄石材形成一磚體;其中, 一孔穴,係上下貫穿設於該磚體其頂面之中央處; 四個定位座,係分別設於該頂面四個邊角之底部,個別邊角與其相對應的定位座之間具有一朝向下方且朝向外側傾斜之斜邊,使相鄰的兩定位座之間據以形成一凹陷部; 二縱向穿孔與二橫向穿孔,係分別呈對稱之配置,且係個別穿設於該孔穴與凹陷部之間; 藉此,疊砌護坡磚牆時,先在護坡的表面鋪設一礫石層,並於該護坡底部與地面之間構築一混凝土結構之基座,再自其上方逐層朝上疊砌該磚體,而過程中必須將相鄰磚體之定位座互相靠置,再以一鋼索穿設其穿孔並鎖固以阻止磚體滑動;磚牆中其相鄰磚體之凹陷部將形成凹穴,進而產生磚體嵌設於磚牆中的立體感,且當孔穴植栽後,將進一步顯現該護坡磚牆的美感。 A kind of environmental protection interlocking slope protection brick, which is formed of a brick body with a stone material; among them, A hole is set up and down through the center of the top surface of the brick body; The four positioning seats are respectively set at the bottom of the four corners of the top surface. There is a hypotenuse between each corner and its corresponding positioning seat, which is inclined downward and outward, so that one of the two adjacent positioning seats To form a recessed part according to the time; Two longitudinal perforations and two transverse perforations are arranged symmetrically, respectively, and are individually penetrated between the hole and the recess; Therefore, when stacking the slope protection brick wall, a gravel layer is first laid on the surface of the slope protection, and a concrete structure base is constructed between the bottom of the slope protection and the ground, and then the brick body is stacked layer by layer from above. , And during the process, the positioning seats of the adjacent brick bodies must be placed against each other, and then a steel cable is used to pass through the perforations and lock them to prevent the brick from sliding; the concave part of the adjacent brick body in the brick wall will form a cavity, In turn, the three-dimensional feeling of the bricks embedded in the brick wall is produced, and when the holes are planted, the beauty of the slope protection brick wall will be further revealed. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚,其中,該磚體之頂面將進行噴砂或洗石子處理,使該頂面與其後方之磚體形成不同的組織結構,據以強化其抗風化之效益。For example, the environmental protection chain slope protection brick described in item 1 of the scope of patent application, wherein the top surface of the brick body will be sandblasted or washed with stones, so that the top surface and the brick body behind it will form a different organizational structure. Strengthen its anti-weathering benefits. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之預鑄環保連鎖護坡磚,其中,該預鑄石材係採回收環保陶瓷人造石、回收玻璃、回收天然廢石材碎粒、水泥、石粉及水依量比拌合,再經強力震動後高壓一體脫模成形者。For example, the environmental protection chain slope protection brick described in item 1 of the scope of patent application, in which the stone is collected and recycled environmentally friendly ceramic artificial stone, recycled glass, recycled natural waste stone fragments, cement, stone powder and water according to the proportion of mixing After the strong vibration, the high-pressure one-piece demoulding and forming.
TW109214601U 2020-11-05 2020-11-05 Precast environmental protection interlocking slope protection brick TWM609441U (en)

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