TWM586737U - Precast lightweight landscape retaining hollow block - Google Patents

Precast lightweight landscape retaining hollow block Download PDF

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Publication number
TWM586737U
TWM586737U TW108202428U TW108202428U TWM586737U TW M586737 U TWM586737 U TW M586737U TW 108202428 U TW108202428 U TW 108202428U TW 108202428 U TW108202428 U TW 108202428U TW M586737 U TWM586737 U TW M586737U
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Taiwan
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brick
brick body
retaining
retaining wall
hollow
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TW108202428U
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Chinese (zh)
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楊文玲
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楊文玲
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Priority to TW108202428U priority Critical patent/TWM586737U/en
Publication of TWM586737U publication Critical patent/TWM586737U/en

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Abstract

一種預鑄輕型景觀擋土空心磚,係以預鑄混凝土形成一磚體,該磚體設有槽洞,使之形成空心以減輕重量,其正面與頂面之接合處設有一凸部,且左右側方設有二溝槽;藉此,疊砌擋土牆時,兩相鄰磚體之溝槽將據以形成一排水孔,以排出擋土牆後方泥土中之滲水;而下層之磚體凸部將形成阻止上層磚體滑動之結構;再者,該磚體之正面將進行噴砂處理,以強化其抗風化之能力。據此,本創作具有成本低廉、施工迅速、耐用性及有效排水的效益。A light-weight landscape retaining hollow brick is formed of concrete with a brick. The brick is provided with a slot to make it hollow to reduce weight. A convex portion is provided at the junction between the front and the top surface. Two grooves are provided on the side; thereby, when the retaining wall is stacked, the grooves of two adjacent bricks will form a drainage hole to discharge the water seepage in the soil behind the retaining wall; The convex part will form a structure that prevents the upper brick body from sliding. Furthermore, the front face of the brick body will be sandblasted to strengthen its weathering resistance. According to this, this creation has the benefits of low cost, rapid construction, durability and effective drainage.

Description

預鑄輕型景觀擋土空心磚預鑄 Light landscape retaining hollow brick

本創作係有關一種擋土磚,尤指預鑄之空心磚體設有凸部與排水溝槽,裨使疊砌之擋土牆具有施工迅速、結構耐用及有效排水之一種預鑄輕型景觀擋土空心磚。This creation relates to a retaining brick, especially a hollow brick body with a convex portion and a drainage groove, which helps the stacked retaining wall to have a quick construction, durable structure and effective drainage. Hollow brick.

按,擋土牆或稱駁坎,其應用範圍包括路面上方之擋土、路基防塌陷的補強、或者防止河川之溢流等;傳統上擋土牆的施作方式,係在現地大面積開挖土方後,先打好地基,再以模板綁固鋼筋後灌製水泥,其工法既耗費工時成本高昂,且外表景觀單調,不符生態要求;因此目前業界多採用生態工法,包括有石籠牆、格框擋土牆及以預鑄式之擋土磚所推疊成之擋土牆;由於預鑄擋土磚之環境適用性頗高,因此已被廣泛採用。Retaining walls, or ridges, are used for retaining walls above the road surface, reinforcing roadbeds to prevent subsidence, or preventing rivers from overflowing. Traditionally, retaining walls are built in large areas on the site. After the earthwork is excavated, the foundation is laid first, then the formwork is used to bind the steel bars and then the cement is poured. Its construction method consumes high man-hours and costs, and the appearance of the landscape is monotonous, which does not meet the ecological requirements. Therefore, the industry currently uses ecological construction methods, including gabion walls Grid frame retaining walls and retaining walls made of concrete retaining bricks; concrete retaining bricks have been widely used because of their high environmental applicability.

圖1所示,即為習用一種擋土磚90之構造及其堆疊使用示意圖;此種擋土磚90具有一凹槽91可作為填土植生之用。惟查,該擋土磚90係由機具高壓一體成型,因此其正面層92係與磚體呈現同一構造,不具有附加之功能,且表面單調冷硬,不具備生態美;再者,擋土牆後方的土石在大雨過後會積蓄大量的雨水,其含水量若未能適時排出,該土石即會升高壓力對擋土牆產生威脅,因此,在堆疊該擋土磚90的施作過程中,即須埋設排水管,或另外於牆面鑽設排水孔,使土石中的滲水可藉由該排水管而排出擋土牆外。As shown in FIG. 1, it is a schematic diagram of the structure and stacking use of a conventional retaining brick 90; this retaining brick 90 has a groove 91 which can be used for filling and planting. However, it is found that the retaining brick 90 is integrally formed by a high-pressure machine, so the front layer 92 of the retaining brick has the same structure as the brick body, has no additional functions, and has a monotonous and hard surface, which does not have ecological beauty. The earth and stones behind the wall will accumulate a large amount of rainwater after heavy rain. If the water content is not discharged in time, the earth and stones will increase the pressure and threaten the retaining wall. Therefore, during the application process of stacking the retaining bricks 90, That is, a drainage pipe must be buried, or a drainage hole must be drilled in the wall surface, so that the water seepage in the earth and stones can be discharged out of the retaining wall through the drainage pipe.

由於在擋土磚之間埋設排水管,或於擋土牆之牆面鑽設排水管,其工程相對於堆疊擋土磚必然較為繁瑣,如果監工鬆懈時施作人員往往偷工減量,況且,從整片擋土牆外表觀之,亦不易查視其排水管埋設及配置的數量,因此,習知以堆疊擋土磚施作擋土牆存有很大的改善空間。Because the drainage pipe is buried between the retaining bricks, or the drainage pipe is drilled on the wall of the retaining wall, its engineering is necessarily more complicated than stacking retaining bricks. If the supervisors are lax, the staff will often cut corners to reduce work. Moreover, From the appearance of the entire retaining wall, it is not easy to check the number of buried and deployed drainage pipes. Therefore, it is known that stacking retaining bricks for retaining walls has a lot of room for improvement.

緣是,本創作之主要目的,係在提供一預鑄輕型景觀擋土空心磚,使擋土牆之施作具有成本低廉與施工迅速的效益。The reason is that the main purpose of this creation is to provide a stack of lightweight landscape retaining hollow bricks, so that the construction of the retaining wall has the benefits of low cost and rapid construction.

本創作之次一目的,係在提供一預鑄輕型景觀擋土空心磚,使施作擋土牆時無需另行埋設或鑽設排水管,即能將滲水確實地排至擋土牆外。The secondary purpose of this creation is to provide a stack of light landscape retaining hollow bricks, so that when the retaining wall is used, there is no need to bury or drill a drainage pipe, and the seepage can be surely discharged outside the retaining wall.

本創作之再一目的,係在提供一預鑄輕型景觀擋土空心磚,使施作之擋土牆正面與磚體具有不同組織結構據以強化抗風化之效益。Another purpose of this creation is to provide a stack of lightweight landscape retaining hollow bricks, so that the front face of the retaining wall and the brick body have different organizational structures to enhance the effectiveness of weathering resistance.

為達上述目的,本創作採取的技術手段,係以預鑄混凝土形成一磚體,該磚體設有貫穿之槽洞,使之形成空心以減輕重量,其正面與相鄰之頂面之接合處形成一高出該頂面之凸部,且其左右兩側設有二個前後貫穿並呈對稱之溝槽。In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical means adopted in this creation is to form a brick body with concrete, the brick body is provided with a through hole to make it hollow to reduce weight, and the front side is connected with the adjacent top surface. A raised portion is formed above the top surface, and two left and right sides are provided with two symmetrical grooves which pass through front and back.

藉此,疊砌擋土牆時,兩相鄰磚體之溝槽將據以形成一排水孔,以排出擋土牆後方泥土中之滲水;而疊砌在下層之磚體凸部將形成阻止上層磚體滑動之結構。With this, when the retaining wall is stacked, the grooves of two adjacent bricks will form a drainage hole to discharge the water seepage in the soil behind the retaining wall; and the convex portion of the brick stacked on the lower layer will form a stop The structure of the upper brick body sliding.

依據前揭特徵,本創作中該磚體之正面將進行噴砂處理,使該正面與其後方之磚體形成不同的組織結構,據以強化其抗風化之效益。According to the characteristics of the previous release, the front side of the brick body in this creation will be sandblasted, so that the front side and the brick body behind it will form a different organizational structure, thereby strengthening its weathering resistance.

依據前揭特徵,本創作中該預鑄混凝土係包括水泥、骨材、天然石礫料及水依量比拌合,再經強力震動後高壓一體脫模成形者。According to the characteristics of the previous reveal, the concrete system in this creation includes cement, aggregate, natural gravel and water-to-quantity ratio, and then subjected to high-pressure integrated demoulding after strong vibration.

藉助前揭特徵,本創作預鑄輕型景觀擋土空心磚,具有如下之效益:
(1) 本創作係在工廠以水泥、骨材、天然石礫料及水依量比拌合,經強力震動後高壓一體脫模形成擋土空心磚,再運送至現場逐一疊砌施作擋土牆;由於施作工程可免除使用模板灌製水泥,且無需耗費時日等待混凝土凝固,因此本創作具有成本低廉以及施工迅速的效益。
(2)本創作預鑄擋土磚之磚體,其左右兩側設有二個前後貫穿並呈對稱之溝槽,當疊砌擋土牆時,兩相鄰磚體之溝槽將據以形成一排水孔,施作者無需另行埋設或鑽設排水管,即能將擋土牆後方之滲水確實地排至擋土牆外。
(3)本創作預鑄擋土磚之磚體正面,因進一步採取噴砂處理,使該正面相較於後方磚體具有較小之毛細孔結構,可減低磚體表層之氧化速率並據以強化其抗風化之效益。
(4)本創作預鑄擋土磚之磚體,其正面與頂面之接合處設有一凸部,當疊砌擋土牆時,疊砌在下層之磚體凸部將可形成阻止上層磚體滑動之結構,進而提升整體擋土牆之結構強度。
With the help of the front-revealing feature, this design 景观 light landscape retaining hollow brick has the following benefits:
(1) This creation is made in the factory by mixing cement, aggregate, natural gravel, and water according to the ratio by weight. After strong vibration, the high-pressure integrated mold is released to form a retaining hollow brick, which is then delivered to the site one by one to build the retaining wall; Since the construction project can eliminate the use of formwork for pouring cement, and there is no need to spend time waiting for the concrete to solidify, this creation has the advantages of low cost and rapid construction.
(2) The brick body of the retaining brick in this creation is provided with two symmetrical grooves that pass back and forth on the left and right sides. When the retaining wall is stacked, the grooves of two adjacent bricks will be based on A drainage hole is formed, and the author does not need to bury or drill a drainage pipe separately, so that the water seepage behind the retaining wall can be surely discharged to the outside of the retaining wall.
(3) The front side of the brick body of the retaining brick in this work is further sandblasted, so that the front side has a smaller pore structure than the rear brick body, which can reduce the oxidation rate of the surface layer of the brick body and strengthen it accordingly. Its anti-weathering benefits.
(4) In this creation, the brick body of the retaining brick is provided with a convex portion at the junction of the front surface and the top surface. When the retaining wall is stacked, the convex portion of the brick layer stacked on the lower layer can form a block against the upper layer brick. The sliding structure of the body further enhances the structural strength of the overall retaining wall.

首先,請參閱圖2所示,為本創作預鑄擋土磚之結構,其係以預鑄混凝土形成一磚體10,該預鑄混凝土係以包括水泥、骨材、天然石礫料及水依量比拌合,再經強力震動後高壓一體脫模形成者;該磚體10具有一正面11與一與其相鄰之頂面12,且該正面11與該頂面12之接合處形成一高出該頂面12之凸部13,該正面11之後方設有貫穿之槽洞14,使該磚體10形成空心以減輕重量,本創作之槽洞14係有二個,且採左右貫穿及前後對稱之配置方式,但不以此為限;再者,該正面11之左右兩側則設有二個前後貫穿且呈對稱之溝槽15;本創作中該磚體10之正面11更進一步進行噴砂處理,使該正面11與其後方之磚體10形成不同的組織結構,據以強化其抗風化之效益。First of all, please refer to FIG. 2. The structure of the concrete retaining wall for this creation is a concrete body 10 formed of concrete. The concrete consists of cement, aggregate, natural gravel and water. The brick body 10 has a front surface 11 and a top surface 12 adjacent to it, and a joint between the front surface 11 and the top surface 12 is formed higher than a mixture. The convex portion 13 of the top surface 12 is provided with a through slot 14 behind the front surface 11 to make the brick body 10 hollow to reduce weight. There are two slots 14 in this creation, which are penetrated left and right and front and rear. Symmetrical arrangement, but not limited to this; furthermore, two front and rear sides of the front face 11 are provided with two symmetrical grooves 15 running forward and backward; the front face 11 of the brick body 10 is further advanced in this creation The sandblasting treatment makes the front face 11 and the brick body 10 behind it different in structure, thereby strengthening its weathering resistance.

請進一步參閱圖3~4所示,為本創作疊砌擋土牆100之應用實例,其中,兩相鄰磚體10之溝槽15將據以形成一排水孔16,以排出擋土牆後方泥土中之滲水;而施作擋土牆100時,可將上層之磚體10正面11頂置在下層之磚體10凸部13前緣,則疊砌在下層之磚體10其凸部13將形成阻止上層磚體10滑動之結構,如圖3所示。再者,當施作擋土牆100時,亦可將上層之磚體10正面11離開下層之磚體10凸部13前緣相當距離,再將下層之磚體10凸部13與上層磚體10底緣之間填滿1:2之水泥砂漿17,以形成阻止上層磚體10滑動之結構,如圖4所示。Please refer to FIG. 3 to FIG. 4 for an example of the application of the stacked retaining wall 100, in which the groove 15 of two adjacent bricks 10 will form a drainage hole 16 to discharge behind the retaining wall. Water seepage in the soil; and when the retaining wall 100 is applied, the front face 11 of the upper layer brick 10 can be placed on the front edge of the convex portion 13 of the lower layer brick body 10, and the convex portion 13 of the lower layer brick body 10 can be stacked. A structure that prevents the upper brick body 10 from sliding will be formed, as shown in FIG. 3. Furthermore, when the retaining wall 100 is used, the front face 11 of the upper brick body 10 can also be separated from the leading edge of the convex portion 13 of the lower brick body 10 by a considerable distance, and then the convex portion 13 of the lower brick body 10 and the upper brick body can be separated. The cement mortar 17 of 1: 2 is filled between the bottom edges of 10 to form a structure that prevents the upper brick body 10 from sliding, as shown in FIG. 4.

由於本創作係在工廠以水泥、骨材、天然石礫料及水依量比拌合,經強力震動後高壓一體脫模形成擋土磚之磚體10,再運送至現場逐一疊砌施作擋土牆100;由於施作工程可免除使用模板灌製水泥,且無需耗費時日等待混凝土凝固,因此本創作具有成本低廉以及施工迅速的效益。次者,本創作預鑄擋土磚之磚體10,其左右兩側設有二個前後貫穿並呈對稱之溝槽15,當疊砌擋土牆100時,兩相鄰磚體10之溝槽15將據以形成一排水孔16,施作者無需另行埋設或鑽設排水管,即能將擋土牆後方之滲水確實地排至擋土牆外。又者,本創作預鑄擋土磚其磚體10之正面11,因進一步採取噴砂處理,使該正面11相較於後方磚體10具有較小之毛細孔結構,因此可減低磚體10表層之氧化速率並據以強化其抗風化之效益。再者,本創作預鑄擋土磚之磚體10,其正面11與頂面12之接合處設有一凸部13,當疊砌擋土牆100時,疊砌在下層之磚體凸部13將可形成阻止上層磚體10滑動之結構,進而提升整體擋土牆100之結構強度。Because this creation is in the factory, cement, aggregate, natural gravel and water are mixed according to the amount ratio. After strong vibration, the high-pressure integrated demolding will form the brick body 10 which is a retaining brick, and then it will be delivered to the site one by one to build the retaining soil. The wall 100; because the construction works can eliminate the use of formwork for pouring cement, and there is no need to spend time waiting for the concrete to solidify, this creation has the advantages of low cost and rapid construction. Secondly, in this creation, the brick body 10 of the retaining brick is provided with two symmetrical grooves 15 penetrating forward and backward on the left and right sides. When the retaining wall 100 is stacked, the grooves of two adjacent brick bodies 10 The groove 15 will form a drainage hole 16 according to which the author does not need to bury or drill a drainage pipe separately, so that the water seepage behind the retaining wall can be surely discharged to the outside of the retaining wall. In addition, the front face 11 of the brick body 10 of this creative concrete retaining brick is further sandblasted, so that the front face 11 has a smaller pore structure than the rear brick body 10, so the surface layer of the brick body 10 can be reduced. The oxidation rate is also used to enhance its anti-weathering benefits. In addition, in the present invention, the brick body 10 of the retaining brick is provided with a convex portion 13 at the junction of the front surface 11 and the top surface 12, and when the retaining wall 100 is stacked, the lower convex brick portion 13 is stacked. A structure that prevents the upper brick body 10 from sliding can be formed, thereby improving the structural strength of the overall retaining wall 100.

綜上所述,本創作所揭示之構造,為昔所無,且確能達到功效之增進,並具可供產業利用性,完全符合新型專利要件,祈請 鈞局核賜專利,以勵創新,無任德感。In summary, the structure disclosed in this creation is unprecedented, and it can indeed achieve the improvement of efficacy, and it can be used by the industry. It is fully in line with the new patent requirements. No sense of virtue.

惟,上述所揭露之圖式、說明,僅為本創作之較佳實施例,大凡熟悉此項技藝人士,依本案精神範疇所作之修飾或等效變化,仍應包括在本案申請專利範圍內。However, the drawings and descriptions disclosed above are only the preferred embodiments of this creation, and modifications or equivalent changes made by those skilled in the art in accordance with the spirit of this case should still be included in the scope of patent application for this case.

10‧‧‧磚體
11‧‧‧正面
12‧‧‧頂面
13‧‧‧凸部
14‧‧‧槽洞
15‧‧‧溝槽
16‧‧‧排水孔
17‧‧‧水泥沙漿
100‧‧‧擋土牆
10‧‧‧ Brick
11‧‧‧ positive
12‧‧‧Top
13‧‧‧ convex
14‧‧‧Slot
15‧‧‧ groove
16‧‧‧ Drain hole
17‧‧‧ cement mortar
100‧‧‧ retaining wall

圖 1 :係習用一種擋土磚構造及其堆疊使用之示意圖。
圖 2 :係本創作預鑄擋土磚之立體圖。
圖 3 :係本創作疊砌擋土牆之一可行實施例示意圖。
圖 4 :係本創作疊砌擋土牆之另一可行實施例示意圖。
Figure 1: Schematic diagram of a retaining brick structure and its stacked use.
Figure 2: This is a perspective view of the earthenware brick of this creation.
Figure 3: A schematic diagram of a feasible embodiment of the stacked retaining wall of the present invention.
Figure 4: A schematic diagram of another feasible embodiment of the stacked retaining wall of the present invention.

Claims (3)

一種預鑄輕型景觀擋土空心磚,係以預鑄混凝土形成一磚體,該磚體設有貫穿之槽洞,使該磚體形成空心以減輕重量,且該磚體之正面與其頂面接合處形成一高出該頂面之凸部,而該磚體之左右兩側則設有二個前後貫穿且呈對稱之溝槽;
藉此,疊砌擋土牆時,兩相鄰磚體之溝槽將據以形成一排水孔,以排出擋土牆後方泥土中之滲水;而疊砌在下層之磚體凸部將形成阻止上層磚體滑動之結構。
A light-weight landscape retaining hollow brick is formed of concrete with a brick body, the brick body is provided with a through hole to make the brick body hollow to reduce weight, and the front side of the brick body joins with its top surface Forming a convex portion that is higher than the top surface, and two left and right sides of the brick body are provided with symmetrical grooves that pass through front and back;
With this, when the retaining wall is stacked, the grooves of two adjacent bricks will form a drainage hole to discharge the water seepage in the soil behind the retaining wall; and the convex portion of the brick stacked on the lower layer will form a stop The structure of the upper brick body sliding.
如申請專利範圍第1項所述之預鑄輕型景觀擋土空心磚,其中,該磚體之正面將進行噴砂處理,使該正面與其後方之磚體形成不同的組織結構
,據以強化其抗風化之效益。
The light landscape retaining hollow brick described in item 1 of the scope of patent application, wherein the front face of the brick body will be sandblasted to form a different structure between the front face and the brick body behind it to strengthen its weather resistance. Benefits.
如申請專利範圍第1或2項所述之預鑄輕型景觀擋土空心磚,其中,該預鑄混凝土係包括水泥、骨材、天然石礫料及水依量比拌合,再經強力震動後高壓一體脫模成形者。The light-weight landscape retaining hollow brick according to item 1 or 2 of the scope of the patent application, wherein the concrete of the concrete includes cement, aggregate, natural stone gravel, and water-to-weight ratio, and is then integrated under high pressure after strong vibration. Demoulder.
TW108202428U 2019-02-26 2019-02-26 Precast lightweight landscape retaining hollow block TWM586737U (en)

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TWM586737U true TWM586737U (en) 2019-11-21

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