TWI766772B - Floor structure and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Floor structure and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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TWI766772B
TWI766772B TW110127240A TW110127240A TWI766772B TW I766772 B TWI766772 B TW I766772B TW 110127240 A TW110127240 A TW 110127240A TW 110127240 A TW110127240 A TW 110127240A TW I766772 B TWI766772 B TW I766772B
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layer
sound insulation
board
floor structure
insulation layer
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TW110127240A
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Chinese (zh)
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周芳如
尤利春
尤淳永
楊明道
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泉碩科技股份有限公司
雄邦股份有限公司
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Abstract

The present disclosure provides a floor structure and a manufacturing method thereof. The floor structure includes a sound insulation layer, a concrete layer, a plate, and a decorative layer. The sound insulation layer has a first surface and a second surface opposite to each other. The roughness of the first surface is greater than the roughness of the second surface. The concrete layer is disposed on the first surface. The plate is disposed on the second surface. The decoration layer is disposed on the plate. In the floor structure, the rough surface of the concrete layer may be firmly attached to the second surface of the sound insulation layer by directly disposing the sound insulation layer with deformability on the concrete layer. Further, the plate and the decorative layer sequentially stacked on the second surface of the sound insulation layer will not be affected by the rough surface of the concrete layer, thereby achieving a beautiful and smooth effect.

Description

地板結構及其製備方法Floor structure and preparation method thereof

本申請有關於建築結構的技術領域,特別是關於一種地板結構及其製備方法。 The present application relates to the technical field of building structures, in particular to a floor structure and its preparation method.

隨著經濟結構、社會結構和空間結構的變遷,人口開始朝向都市集中。人口上升意味著人們產生的噪音也會增多增大。因此,現行的《建築技術規則》要求在連棟住宅、集合住宅新建或增建的建物中,用於分隔上下樓層的樓板必須具有一定隔音效果。 With the change of economic structure, social structure and spatial structure, the population begins to concentrate in the city. Rising population means more noise from people. Therefore, the current "Building Technical Regulations" requires that in new or additional buildings of townhouses and complex houses, the floor used to separate the upper and lower floors must have a certain sound insulation effect.

對於現有技術而言,一般是在作為樓板的混凝土層上依序堆疊板材、隔音材料及磁磚,以製備具有隔音功能的地板結構。為了使堆疊在混凝土層上的板材、隔音材料及磁磚可以穩固地貼合,混凝土層上還會鋪設有水泥砂漿,以填補混凝土層的表面的凹凸不平。除此之外,水泥砂漿還可以改善混凝土層並非水平的問題,以使堆疊於上的板材、隔音材料及磁磚保持水平,達到美觀、平整的效果。 In the prior art, generally, a floor structure with a sound insulation function is prepared by sequentially stacking a board, a sound insulation material and a tile on a concrete layer serving as a floor slab. In order to ensure that the boards, sound insulation materials and tiles stacked on the concrete layer can be firmly attached, cement mortar is also laid on the concrete layer to fill the unevenness of the surface of the concrete layer. In addition, cement mortar can also improve the problem that the concrete layer is not level, so that the boards, sound insulation materials and tiles stacked on it can be kept level to achieve a beautiful and smooth effect.

然而,在鋪設水泥砂漿之後,會需要一段時間等待水泥砂漿固化。除此之外,水泥砂漿的鋪設厚度與水平皆會受到施工人員的技術影響。因 此,在人力資源吃緊的情況下,現有的技術耗時長、人工成本高昂,且也難以避免施工人員的技術差距的問題。 However, after laying the cement mortar, it may take some time for the cement mortar to cure. In addition, the laying thickness and level of cement mortar will be affected by the technical skills of the construction personnel. because Therefore, in the case of tight human resources, the existing technology takes a long time, the labor cost is high, and it is difficult to avoid the problem of the technical gap of construction personnel.

本申請實施例提供一種地板結構及其製備方法,解決目前的地板結構施工時間長,且會受到施工人員的技術差距影響的問題。 The embodiments of the present application provide a floor structure and a preparation method thereof, which solve the problems that the current floor structure takes a long time to construct and is affected by the technical gap of construction personnel.

為了解決上述技術問題,本申請是這樣實現的: In order to solve the above technical problems, this application is implemented as follows:

第一方面,提供一種地板結構,其包含隔音層、混凝土層、板材層及裝飾層。隔音層具有相對的第一表面及第二表面,第一表面的粗糙度大於第二表面的粗糙度。混凝土層設置於第一表面上。板材層設置於第二表面上。裝飾層設置於板材層上。 In a first aspect, a floor structure is provided, which includes a sound insulation layer, a concrete layer, a board layer and a decorative layer. The sound insulation layer has a first surface and a second surface opposite to each other, and the roughness of the first surface is greater than that of the second surface. The concrete layer is disposed on the first surface. The board layer is disposed on the second surface. The decoration layer is arranged on the board layer.

第二方面,提供一種地板結構之製備方法,其包含提供混凝土層;設置隔音層於混凝土層上,其中隔音層具有相對應的第一表面以及第二表面,第一表面的粗糙度大於第二表面,第一表面與混凝土層接觸;設置板材層於第二表面上;以及設置裝飾層於板材層上。 In a second aspect, a method for preparing a floor structure is provided, which includes providing a concrete layer; disposing a sound insulation layer on the concrete layer, wherein the sound insulation layer has a corresponding first surface and a second surface, and the roughness of the first surface is greater than that of the second surface. The first surface is in contact with the concrete layer; the board layer is arranged on the second surface; and the decorative layer is arranged on the board layer.

本申請的地板結構藉由將具有變形能力的隔音層直接設置於混凝土層上,可以使混凝土層的粗糙表面與隔音層的第一表面穩固地貼合。進一步地,依序堆疊於隔音層的第二表面上的板材層和裝飾層不會受到混凝土層的粗糙表面的影響,從而達到美觀、平整的效果。因此,本申請實現了一種施工簡易、外觀平整的地板結構,以改善現有技術中需要藉由鋪設水泥砂漿來填補混凝土層,導致耗時耗力且存在有技術差距的問題。 In the floor structure of the present application, by directly disposing the deformable sound insulation layer on the concrete layer, the rough surface of the concrete layer can be firmly attached to the first surface of the sound insulation layer. Further, the board layer and the decorative layer sequentially stacked on the second surface of the sound insulation layer will not be affected by the rough surface of the concrete layer, so as to achieve a beautiful and smooth effect. Therefore, the present application realizes a floor structure with simple construction and smooth appearance, so as to improve the problems in the prior art that the concrete layer needs to be filled by laying cement mortar, which leads to time-consuming, labor-intensive, and technical gaps.

1a-1c:地板結構 1a-1c: Floor structure

10:隔音層 10: Sound insulation layer

10a:第一表面 10a: First surface

10b:第二表面 10b: Second surface

11:混凝土層 11: Concrete layer

12:板材層 12: Sheet Layer

13:裝飾層 13: Decorative layer

14:防水層 14: Waterproof layer

15:黏膠層 15: Adhesive layer

S10-S18:步驟 S10-S18: Steps

圖1是本申請一實施例的地板結構的示意圖;圖2是本申請另一實施例的地板結構的示意圖;圖3是本申請又一實施例的地板結構的示意圖;以及圖4是本申請一實施例的地板結構之製備方法的流程圖。 1 is a schematic diagram of a floor structure of an embodiment of the present application; FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a floor structure of another embodiment of the present application; FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a floor structure of another embodiment of the present application; and FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the present application A flow chart of a method for preparing a floor structure according to an embodiment.

為利瞭解本申請之技術特徵、內容與優點及其所能達成之功效,茲將本申請配合附圖,並以實施例之表達形式詳細說明如下,而其中所使用之圖式,其主旨僅為示意及輔助說明書之用,未必為本申請實施後之真實比例與精確配置,故不應就所附之圖式的比例與配置關係解讀、侷限本申請於實際實施上的權利範圍,合先敘明。 In order to facilitate the understanding of the technical features, content and advantages of the present application and the effects that can be achieved, the present application is described in detail as follows with the accompanying drawings and in the form of embodiments, and the drawings used therein are only for the purpose For the purpose of illustrating and assisting the description, it may not necessarily be the actual scale and exact configuration after the application is implemented. Therefore, the proportion and configuration relationship of the attached drawings should not be interpreted or limited to the scope of the right of the application in actual implementation. Say Ming.

除非另有定義,本文所使用的所有術語(包含技術和科學術語)具有與本申請所屬技術領域具有通常知識者通常理解的含義。將進一步理解的是,諸如在通常使用的字典中定義的那些術語應當被解釋為具有與它們在相關技術和本申請的上下文中的含義一致的含義,並且將不被解釋為理想化的或過度正式的意義,除非本文中明確地如此定義。 Unless otherwise defined, all terms (including technical and scientific terms) used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this application belongs. It will be further understood that terms such as those defined in commonly used dictionaries should be construed as having meanings consistent with their meanings in the context of the related art and this application, and are not to be construed as idealized or excessive Formal meaning unless expressly so defined herein.

請參閱圖1,其是本申請一實施例的地板結構的示意圖。如圖所示,地板結構1a包含隔音層10、混凝土層11、板材層12及裝飾層13。隔音層10具有相對的第一表面10a及第二表面10b,第一表面10a的粗糙度大於第二表面10b的粗糙度。混凝土層11設置於第一表面10a上。板材層12設置於第二表面10b上。 裝飾層13設置於板材層12上。在依序堆疊混凝土層11、隔音層10、板材層12及裝飾層13的情況下,隔音層10可以藉由一側的部分變形彌補混凝土層11的粗糙表面,進而避免堆疊於另一側上的板材層12及裝飾層13受到混凝土層11的不平整的影響。其中,「部分變形」指的是隔音層10的第一表面10a可以對應於混凝土層11的凹處或凸處而變形,以使兩者之間緊密貼合。進一步地,所述的「部分變形」僅會出現在鄰近第一表面10a的區域,而不會連帶影響到第二表面10b。除此之外,本申請的地板結構可以不需要使用紋釘,以使施工過程更加迅速。 Please refer to FIG. 1 , which is a schematic diagram of a floor structure according to an embodiment of the present application. As shown in the figure, the floor structure 1 a includes a sound insulation layer 10 , a concrete layer 11 , a board layer 12 and a decorative layer 13 . The sound insulation layer 10 has a first surface 10a and a second surface 10b opposite to each other, and the roughness of the first surface 10a is greater than that of the second surface 10b. The concrete layer 11 is provided on the first surface 10a. The plate layer 12 is disposed on the second surface 10b. The decoration layer 13 is disposed on the board layer 12 . In the case of stacking the concrete layer 11 , the sound insulation layer 10 , the board layer 12 and the decorative layer 13 in sequence, the sound insulation layer 10 can compensate the rough surface of the concrete layer 11 by partial deformation on one side, thereby avoiding stacking on the other side The board layer 12 and the decorative layer 13 are affected by the unevenness of the concrete layer 11 . Wherein, "partial deformation" means that the first surface 10a of the sound insulation layer 10 can be deformed corresponding to the concave or convex of the concrete layer 11, so as to make the two closely fit. Further, the above-mentioned "partial deformation" only occurs in the region adjacent to the first surface 10a, and will not affect the second surface 10b. Besides, the floor structure of the present application may not need to use studs, so that the construction process is faster.

隔音層10除了用於彌補混凝土層11的粗糙表面,還可以平穩地承載位於其上的板材層12及裝飾層13。在一些實施例中,當混凝土層11並非水平狀態時,隔音層10的第一表面10a可以呈現對應於混凝土層11的非水平狀,且第二表面10b呈現水平狀。舉例來說,混凝土層11與水平線之間可以具有0.1度、1度、2度、3度、4度、5度、6度、7度、8度、9度、10度、或位於上述數值中的任意範圍的夾角。在這種情況下,設置於混凝土層11上的隔音層10可以藉由部分變形以使與混凝土層11接觸的第一表面10a具有相對應的角度。類似於上文中對應於粗糙度的「部分變形」,對應於傾斜程度的「部分變形」僅會出現在鄰近第一表面10a的區域,而不會連帶影響到第二表面10b。如此一來,第二表面10b仍可以保持實質上水平(亦即,與水平線之間具有0度的夾角)。值得一提的是,隨著混凝土層11與水平線之間的夾角越大,隔音層10的部分變形的體積就越大。因此,隔音層10需要具有一定程度的厚度,以應對於上述提到的各種夾角角度。 In addition to compensating for the rough surface of the concrete layer 11 , the sound insulation layer 10 can also smoothly support the board layer 12 and the decorative layer 13 located thereon. In some embodiments, when the concrete layer 11 is not in a horizontal state, the first surface 10a of the sound insulation layer 10 may exhibit a non-horizontal shape corresponding to the concrete layer 11 , and the second surface 10b may exhibit a horizontal shape. For example, the distance between the concrete layer 11 and the horizontal line may be 0.1 degree, 1 degree, 2 degree, 3 degree, 4 degree, 5 degree, 6 degree, 7 degree, 8 degree, 9 degree, 10 degree, or at the above-mentioned value. any range of angles in . In this case, the sound insulation layer 10 provided on the concrete layer 11 may be partially deformed so that the first surface 10a in contact with the concrete layer 11 has a corresponding angle. Similar to the "partial deformation" corresponding to the roughness above, the "partial deformation" corresponding to the degree of inclination occurs only in the region adjacent to the first surface 10a, and does not affect the second surface 10b. In this way, the second surface 10b can still remain substantially horizontal (ie, having an included angle of 0 degrees with the horizontal). It is worth mentioning that, as the angle between the concrete layer 11 and the horizontal line is larger, the volume of the partial deformation of the sound insulation layer 10 is larger. Therefore, the sound insulating layer 10 needs to have a certain thickness to cope with the various angles mentioned above.

在一些實施例中,隔音層10可以包含諸如橡膠、塑膠或紡織品、或其任意組合的柔性材料,並藉由柔性材料產生部分變形。舉例來說,塑膠可 以包含聚丙烯、聚乙烯、聚胺酯(Polyurethane,PU)、熱塑性聚氨酯彈性體(Thermoplastic Urethane,TPU)、其任意組合或其類似物。紡織品可以包含毯類、織物、其任意組合或其類似物。值得一提的是,上述的材料僅是示例,本申請不限於此。在符合可以藉由部分變形彌補混凝土層11的不平整的前提下,所屬技術領域具有通常知識者所認知的隔音材料均可以應用於本申請中。 In some embodiments, the sound insulating layer 10 may comprise a flexible material such as rubber, plastic or textile, or any combination thereof, and be partially deformed by the flexible material. For example, plastic can To include polypropylene, polyethylene, polyurethane (Polyurethane, PU), thermoplastic polyurethane elastomer (Thermoplastic Urethane, TPU), any combination thereof or the like. Textiles may include blankets, fabrics, any combination thereof, or the like. It is worth mentioning that the above-mentioned materials are only examples, and the present application is not limited thereto. Under the premise that the unevenness of the concrete layer 11 can be compensated by partial deformation, all sound insulation materials known to those skilled in the art can be applied in the present application.

在一些實施例中,還可以根據實際使用情況,藉由改變上述材料的孔隙率、密度或比例來獲得更佳隔音效果的隔音層10。或者,也可以直接使用多孔材料以製備隔音層10。多孔材料是指含有許多孔隙的材料。藉由多孔隙所形成的大量兩相界面,可以使聲音以及/或是熱能的傳遞受到阻礙(例如,被吸收或是不規則地發散)。舉例而言,多孔材料可以是保麗龍、有機纖維材料、無機纖維材料、泡棉、玻璃棉、岩棉、礦棉、脲醛樹脂或是聚氨酯等,但不限於此。在其他實施例中,也可以選用具有高度阻尼係數的隔音層10,以使整個地板結構變為過阻尼系統,進而避免共振現象的產生。 In some embodiments, the sound insulation layer 10 with better sound insulation effect can also be obtained by changing the porosity, density or ratio of the above-mentioned materials according to actual use conditions. Alternatively, the porous material can also be used directly to prepare the sound insulating layer 10 . Porous material refers to a material that contains many pores. The transfer of sound and/or thermal energy can be impeded (eg, absorbed or irregularly diffused) by the large number of two-phase interfaces formed by the porosity. For example, the porous material may be Styrofoam, organic fiber material, inorganic fiber material, foam, glass wool, rock wool, mineral wool, urea-formaldehyde resin, or polyurethane, but not limited thereto. In other embodiments, the sound insulation layer 10 with a high damping coefficient can also be selected, so that the entire floor structure becomes an over-damping system, thereby avoiding the occurrence of resonance phenomenon.

在一些實施例中,隔音層10可以選用依據CNS15160-8:2009(聲學-建築物及建築構件之隔音量測-重質標準樓板表面材之衝擊音降低量實驗室量測)進行量測,並獲得CNS8465-2:2007(聲學一建築物及建築構件之隔音量評定-衝擊音隔音)宣告的隔音材料。以降低音量為例,隔音層10選用的材料以具有降低17dB至21dB的音量的為主,其中又以可以降低21dB的音量的材料較佳。 In some embodiments, the sound insulation layer 10 can be measured according to CNS15160-8:2009 (Acoustics-Insulation Measurement of Buildings and Building Components-Laboratory Measurement of Impact Sound Reduction of Surface Materials of Heavy Standard Floors), And obtained the sound insulation material declared by CNS8465-2: 2007 (Acoustics-Evaluation of Sound Insulation of Buildings and Building Components-Impact Sound Insulation). Taking volume reduction as an example, the materials selected for the sound insulation layer 10 are mainly those that can reduce the volume by 17dB to 21dB, and the material that can reduce the volume by 21dB is preferred.

在一些實施例中,板材層12可以包含水泥纖維板、防火板、矽酸鈣板、石膏板、密底板、木芯板、人造夾板、立片板或塑合材、或其任意組合。板材層12可以是單層結構,並依據實際使用狀況選用上述中的任意板材。或者,板材層12也可以是多層結構,並藉由依序堆疊的各種功能層實現多功能的用 途。舉例而言,板材層12可以包含防火板以及矽酸鈣板。其中,防火板可以由包含鹵素的防火材料或是耐燃材料所組成。或者,防火板也可以使用磷系、銻系或是氫氧化物取代鹵族元素,以在耐燃的同時符合環保法規。矽酸鈣板是由石英粉、矽藻土、水泥、石灰、紙漿、玻璃纖維等材料,經過製漿、成型、蒸養、表面砂光等程序製成的輕質板材,其具有優良的防潮、隔音、防蟲蛀及高耐久性等特性。亦即,藉由組合不同類型的材料,可以使防火板同時存在上述材料的優點。 In some embodiments, the board layer 12 may comprise fiber cement board, fireproof board, calcium silicate board, gypsum board, compact floor, wood core board, artificial plywood, riser board or plywood, or any combination thereof. The board layer 12 may be a single-layer structure, and any of the above-mentioned boards may be selected according to actual use conditions. Alternatively, the board layer 12 can also be a multi-layer structure, and various functional layers are stacked in sequence to achieve multi-functional use. way. For example, the board layer 12 may include a fireproof board and a calcium silicate board. Wherein, the fireproof board may be composed of a halogen-containing fireproof material or a fire-resistant material. Alternatively, phosphorus-based, antimony-based or hydroxide-based halogen elements can also be used in the fireproof board to meet environmental regulations while being flame-resistant. Calcium silicate board is a lightweight board made of quartz powder, diatomite, cement, lime, pulp, glass fiber and other materials through pulping, molding, steam curing, surface sanding and other procedures. It has excellent moisture resistance. , sound insulation, anti-insect and high durability and other characteristics. That is, by combining different types of materials, the fireproof board can have the advantages of the above-mentioned materials at the same time.

在一些實施例中,裝飾層13可以包含磁磚、石英磚或木地板、或其任意組合。裝飾層13可以根據用途來選擇不同的材料。舉例而言,在一些實施例中,裝飾層13可以包含石英磚,以提供堅硬、耐磨的功效。或者,在一些實施例中,裝飾層13可以包含木地板,以提供舒適、美觀的功效。或者,裝飾層13也可以是複合材料,例如:石塑地板(Stone Plastic Composite)。進一步地,石塑地板可以包含依序堆疊的抗UV層、耐磨層、乙烯塗層、核心層及襯底層,以具有良好的防水、穩定性、仿木外觀及靜音的效果。值得一提的是,本申請不限於上述提到的材料,所屬技術領域具有通常知識者認知的裝飾層的材料皆可以用於本申請之中。 In some embodiments, the decorative layer 13 may comprise ceramic tile, quartz tile or wood flooring, or any combination thereof. The decorative layer 13 can be selected from different materials according to the application. For example, in some embodiments, the decorative layer 13 may include quartz tiles to provide a hard, wear-resistant effect. Alternatively, in some embodiments, the decorative layer 13 may comprise a wooden floor to provide a comfortable, aesthetically pleasing effect. Alternatively, the decorative layer 13 may also be a composite material, such as Stone Plastic Composite. Further, the stone-plastic floor can include an anti-UV layer, a wear-resistant layer, a vinyl coating, a core layer and a backing layer stacked in sequence, so as to have good waterproof, stable, wood-like appearance and mute effect. It is worth mentioning that the present application is not limited to the above-mentioned materials, and all materials of the decorative layer recognized by those skilled in the art can be used in the present application.

請參閱圖2,其是本申請另一實施例的地板結構的示意圖。如圖所示,地板結構1b具有相似於地板結構1a的組成,其差別在於:地板結構1b可以進一步包含防水層14,防水層14設置於隔音層10與板材層12之間。舉例而言,防水層14可以是包含塑膠或是樹脂的布料,以藉由高密度且具有疏水性的材料阻絕水分滲透。或者,防水層14也可以是藉由塗佈形成於隔音層10或板材層12 上的薄膜。在實際使用中,防水層14的厚度、材質等均可以依據需求而調整,不應以上述內容為限。 Please refer to FIG. 2 , which is a schematic diagram of a floor structure according to another embodiment of the present application. As shown, the floor structure 1b has a composition similar to that of the floor structure 1a, with the difference that the floor structure 1b may further include a waterproof layer 14 disposed between the sound insulation layer 10 and the board layer 12 . For example, the waterproof layer 14 may be a cloth including plastic or resin, so as to block the penetration of water by a high-density and hydrophobic material. Alternatively, the waterproof layer 14 may be formed on the sound insulation layer 10 or the board layer 12 by coating. on the film. In actual use, the thickness and material of the waterproof layer 14 can be adjusted according to requirements, and should not be limited by the above.

請參閱圖3,其是本申請又一實施例的地板結構的示意圖。如圖所示,地板結構1c具有相似於地板結構1a的組成,其差別在於:地板結構1c可以進一步包含黏膠層15,黏膠層15設置於隔音層10與板材層12之間,並用於黏合隔音層10以及板材層12。黏膠層15可以是單層或是多層膜。舉例而言,若隔音層10與板材層12的熱膨脹係數相差較大時,則黏膠層15可以包含第一黏膠層以及第二黏膠層,且第一黏膠層以及第二黏膠層可以分別具有不同的熱膨脹係數。更具體地說,隔音層10先與熱膨脹係數相似的第一黏膠層黏貼,而板材層12與熱膨脹係數相似的第二黏膠層黏貼,最後才將第一黏膠層以及第二黏膠層彼此黏貼。藉由設置不同熱膨脹係數的多層膜,可以使隔音層10與板材層12的黏合更加穩固。然而,上述的2層僅是示例,本申請不限於此。在其他實施例中,黏膠層15可以是大於2層的多層膜,例如黏膠層15可以是3層、4層、5層或是大於5層的多層膜。另外,上述的熱膨脹係數也僅是示例,本申請不限於此。在其他實施例中,黏膠層15也可以包含複數個具有不同表面張力、材料或是物理特性的膜層,以配合不同的隔音層10及板材層12。 Please refer to FIG. 3 , which is a schematic diagram of a floor structure according to another embodiment of the present application. As shown in the figure, the floor structure 1c has a composition similar to that of the floor structure 1a, with the difference that the floor structure 1c may further include an adhesive layer 15, and the adhesive layer 15 is disposed between the sound insulation layer 10 and the board layer 12, and is used for Adhere the sound insulation layer 10 and the board layer 12 . The adhesive layer 15 may be a single layer or a multi-layer film. For example, if the thermal expansion coefficients of the sound insulation layer 10 and the board layer 12 are greatly different, the adhesive layer 15 may include a first adhesive layer and a second adhesive layer, and the first adhesive layer and the second adhesive layer The layers can each have different thermal expansion coefficients. More specifically, the sound insulation layer 10 is first pasted with a first adhesive layer with a similar thermal expansion coefficient, and the board layer 12 is pasted with a second adhesive layer with a similar thermal expansion coefficient, and finally the first adhesive layer and the second adhesive layer are pasted. The layers are glued to each other. By arranging multi-layer films with different thermal expansion coefficients, the bonding between the sound insulation layer 10 and the board layer 12 can be more stable. However, the above-mentioned 2 layers are only examples, and the present application is not limited thereto. In other embodiments, the adhesive layer 15 may be a multi-layer film with more than 2 layers, for example, the adhesive layer 15 may be a multi-layer film with more than 5 layers. In addition, the above-mentioned coefficient of thermal expansion is only an example, and the present application is not limited thereto. In other embodiments, the adhesive layer 15 may also include a plurality of film layers with different surface tensions, materials or physical properties to match the different sound insulation layers 10 and the board layers 12 .

在一些實施例中,黏膠層15的材料可以包含樹脂。亦即,黏膠層15可以是由樹脂類材料所組成的黏著劑。舉例而言,樹脂類黏著劑可以包含酚醛樹脂(phenolics)、尿素甲醛樹脂(urea formaldehyde resin)、三聚氰胺甲醛樹脂(melamine formaldehyde resin)、聚醋酸乙烯樹脂(polyvinyl acetate resin)、聚丙烯酸系樹脂(例如,poly(methyl methacrylate)resin,PMMA)、聚胺基甲酸乙脂(polyurethane)、環氧樹脂(epoxy resins)或其任意組合。然而,上述的黏著劑種類 僅是示例,本申請不限於此。任何所屬技術領域具有通常知識者所認知的材料皆可以應用於本申請中。舉例而言,市面上常用的強力膠(包含氰基丙烯酸酯)可以用於本申請的黏膠層15。或者,在一些特定的情況下,光固化樹脂(UV cureable resin)也可以用於本申請的黏膠層15。 In some embodiments, the material of the adhesive layer 15 may comprise resin. That is, the adhesive layer 15 may be an adhesive composed of a resin-based material. For example, the resin adhesive may include phenolics, urea formaldehyde resin, melamine formaldehyde resin, polyvinyl acetate resin, polyacrylic resin (eg , poly (methyl methacrylate) resin, PMMA), polyurethane (polyurethane), epoxy resin (epoxy resins) or any combination thereof. However, the above-mentioned types of adhesives It is only an example, and the present application is not limited thereto. Any material known to one of ordinary skill in the art can be used in this application. For example, commercially available super glue (including cyanoacrylate) can be used for the adhesive layer 15 of the present application. Alternatively, in some specific cases, UV curable resin can also be used for the adhesive layer 15 of the present application.

請參閱圖4,其是本申請一實施例的地板結構之製備方法的流程圖。如圖所示,地板結構1a之製備方法包含: Please refer to FIG. 4 , which is a flowchart of a method for preparing a floor structure according to an embodiment of the present application. As shown in the figure, the preparation method of the floor structure 1a includes:

步驟S10:提供混凝土層11。 Step S10: The concrete layer 11 is provided.

步驟S12:設置隔音層10於混凝土層11上,其中隔音層10具有相對應的第一表面10a以及第二表面10b,第一表面10a的粗糙度大於第二表面10b,第一表面10a與混凝土層11接觸。 Step S12: Disposing the sound insulation layer 10 on the concrete layer 11, wherein the sound insulation layer 10 has a corresponding first surface 10a and a second surface 10b, the roughness of the first surface 10a is greater than that of the second surface 10b, and the first surface 10a and the concrete Layer 11 contacts.

步驟S14:壓縮隔音層10,以使第二表面10b呈現水平。其中,壓縮隔音層10的方式可以是藉由施加外力在隔音層10上,也可以是藉由隔音層10的自體重量產生壓縮。透過壓縮隔音層10,可以使隔音層10產生如上文中所述的部分變形,進而彌補粗糙度及/或改善水平。 Step S14: Compress the sound insulation layer 10 so that the second surface 10b is horizontal. The method of compressing the sound insulation layer 10 may be by applying an external force on the sound insulation layer 10 , or it may be compressed by the self weight of the sound insulation layer 10 . By compressing the sound insulating layer 10, the sound insulating layer 10 can be partially deformed as described above, thereby compensating for the roughness and/or the level of improvement.

步驟S16:設置板材層12於第二表面10b上。其中,第二表面10b已藉由壓縮而呈現實際水平狀。亦即,堆疊於第二表面10b上的板材層12及/或其他層均不會受到混凝土層11的不平整的影響,進而呈現美觀、平整的狀態。另一方面,板材層12的設置方式可以是如上文中所述的藉由黏膠層黏接,也可以是直接放置於隔音層10的第二表面10b上,但不限於此。 Step S16: disposing the plate layer 12 on the second surface 10b. Wherein, the second surface 10b has been rendered substantially horizontal by compression. That is, the board layer 12 and/or other layers stacked on the second surface 10b will not be affected by the unevenness of the concrete layer 11, and thus present a beautiful and flat state. On the other hand, the arrangement of the board layer 12 may be as described above by adhering by an adhesive layer, or may be directly placed on the second surface 10b of the sound insulation layer 10 , but not limited thereto.

步驟S18:設置裝飾層13於板材層12上,以形成地板結構1a。其中,裝飾層13的設置方式可以是用黏膠、水泥砂漿等所屬技術領域具有通常知 識者熟知的方式。在一些實施例中,裝飾層13也可以藉由彼此嵌合的方式緊密接合並放置於板材層12上,而不一定要透過接著的方式設置於板材層12上。 Step S18: Disposing the decorative layer 13 on the board layer 12 to form the floor structure 1a. Wherein, the arrangement of the decorative layer 13 can be made by using glue, cement mortar, etc. a way that is known to those who know. In some embodiments, the decorative layers 13 can also be closely joined and placed on the board layer 12 by being fitted with each other, instead of being necessarily disposed on the board layer 12 by adhering.

綜上所述,本申請的地板結構藉由將具有變形能力的隔音層直接設置於混凝土層上,可以使混凝土層的粗糙表面與隔音層的第一表面穩固地貼合。進一步地,依序堆疊於隔音層的第二表面上的板材層和裝飾層不會受到混凝土層的粗糙表面的影響,從而達到美觀、平整的效果。因此,本申請實現了一種施工簡易、外觀平整的地板結構,以改善現有技術中需要藉由鋪設水泥砂漿來填補混凝土層,導致耗時耗力且存在有技術差距的問題 To sum up, in the floor structure of the present application, by directly disposing the deformable sound insulation layer on the concrete layer, the rough surface of the concrete layer can be firmly attached to the first surface of the sound insulation layer. Further, the board layer and the decorative layer sequentially stacked on the second surface of the sound insulation layer will not be affected by the rough surface of the concrete layer, so as to achieve a beautiful and smooth effect. Therefore, the present application realizes a floor structure with simple construction and smooth appearance, so as to improve the problem that the concrete layer needs to be filled by laying cement mortar in the prior art, which leads to time-consuming, labor-consuming and technical gaps.

惟以上所述者,僅為本申請之實施例而已,並非用來限定本申請實施之範圍,舉凡依本申請之申請專利範圍所述之形狀、構造、特徵及精神所為之均等變化與修飾,均應包含於本申請之申請專利範圍內。 However, the above descriptions are only examples of the present application, and are not intended to limit the scope of implementation of the present application. For example, all equivalent changes and modifications made according to the shape, structure, characteristics and spirit described in the scope of the patent application of the present application, All should be included in the scope of the patent application of this application.

1a:地板結構 1a: Floor structure

10:隔音層 10: Sound insulation layer

10a:第一表面 10a: First surface

10b:第二表面 10b: Second surface

11:混凝土層 11: Concrete layer

12:板材層 12: Sheet Layer

13:裝飾層 13: Decorative layer

Claims (9)

一種地板結構,其包含:一隔音層,該隔音層具有相對的一第一表面及一第二表面;一混凝土層,設置於該第一表面上;一板材層,設置於該第二表面上;以及一裝飾層,設置於該板材層上;其中,該隔音層藉由部分變形以彌補該混凝土層的粗糙表面,並使該第一表面的粗糙度大於該第二表面的粗糙度。 A floor structure, comprising: a sound insulation layer, the sound insulation layer has a first surface and a second surface opposite; a concrete layer, arranged on the first surface; a board layer, arranged on the second surface ; and a decoration layer arranged on the board layer; wherein, the sound insulation layer compensates for the rough surface of the concrete layer through partial deformation, and makes the roughness of the first surface greater than the roughness of the second surface. 如請求項1所述之地板結構,其中該第一表面非水平,且該第二表面水平。 The floor structure of claim 1, wherein the first surface is non-level and the second surface is level. 如請求項1所述之地板結構,其中該隔音層包含橡膠、泡棉、聚丙烯、聚乙烯或紡織品、或其任意組合。 The floor structure of claim 1, wherein the sound insulation layer comprises rubber, foam, polypropylene, polyethylene or textile, or any combination thereof. 如請求項1所述之地板結構,其中該板材層包含水泥纖維板、防火板、矽酸鈣板、石膏板、密底板、木芯板、人造夾板、立片板或塑合材、或其任意組合。 The floor structure of claim 1, wherein the board layer comprises cement fiber board, fireproof board, calcium silicate board, gypsum board, dense bottom board, wood core board, artificial plywood, vertical sheet board or plastic composite material, or any of them combination. 如請求項1所述之地板結構,其中該裝飾層包含磁磚、石英磚或木地板、或其任意組合。 The floor structure of claim 1, wherein the decorative layer comprises ceramic tiles, quartz tiles or wood floors, or any combination thereof. 如請求項1所述之地板結構,進一步包含一防水層,該防水層設置於該隔音層與該板材層之間。 The floor structure of claim 1, further comprising a waterproof layer disposed between the sound insulation layer and the board layer. 如請求項1所述之地板結構,進一步包含一黏膠層,該黏膠層設置於該隔音層與該板材層之間。 The floor structure of claim 1, further comprising an adhesive layer disposed between the sound insulation layer and the board layer. 一種地板結構之製備方法,其包含: 提供一混凝土層;設置一隔音層於該混凝土層上,其中該隔音層具有相對應的一第一表面以及一第二表面,該第一表面與該混凝土層接觸,且該隔音層藉由部分變形以彌補該混凝土層的粗糙表面,並使該第一表面的粗糙度大於該第二表面;設置一板材層於該第二表面上;以及設置一裝飾層於該板材層上。 A preparation method of a floor structure, comprising: A concrete layer is provided; a sound insulation layer is arranged on the concrete layer, wherein the sound insulation layer has a corresponding first surface and a second surface, the first surface is in contact with the concrete layer, and the sound insulation layer is partially deforming to make up the rough surface of the concrete layer and making the roughness of the first surface larger than that of the second surface; disposing a plate layer on the second surface; and disposing a decoration layer on the plate layer. 如請求項8所述之地板結構的製備方法,在設置一隔音層於該混凝土的步驟之後,進一步包含:壓縮該隔音層,以使該第二表面呈現水平。 The method for preparing a floor structure according to claim 8, after the step of disposing a sound insulation layer on the concrete, further comprising: compressing the sound insulation layer to make the second surface appear horizontal.
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