TWI723263B - System and method for monitoring mechanical equipment - Google Patents

System and method for monitoring mechanical equipment Download PDF

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TWI723263B
TWI723263B TW107117132A TW107117132A TWI723263B TW I723263 B TWI723263 B TW I723263B TW 107117132 A TW107117132 A TW 107117132A TW 107117132 A TW107117132 A TW 107117132A TW I723263 B TWI723263 B TW I723263B
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mechanical equipment
signal
processing unit
unit
monitoring system
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TW202004701A (en
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黃暐皓
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黃暐皓
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Abstract

The invention provides a system and a method for monitoring mechanical equipment. The system comprises a power management device, a control unit and a wireless transmission unit. The power management device includes a switch unit and a power detection unit, detachably coupled with a power storage unit of a mechanical equipment. The switch unit, controlled by a control signal, selectively conducts a conduction path of the power storage unit or not. The power detection unit detects a voltage/current of the power storage unit and provides a detection signal. The control unit provides the control signal according to content of a permission signal, and records the detection signal. The wireless transmit unit is coupled with the control unit to receive the permission signal. Therefore, the system for monitoring mechanical equipment can save labor cost and reduce the risk of accident in construction circumstance.

Description

機械設備監控系統及其方法Mechanical equipment monitoring system and method

本發明係關於一種監控系統及其方法,特別是關於一種機械設備的監控系統及其方法。The present invention relates to a monitoring system and a method thereof, in particular to a monitoring system and a method of mechanical equipment.

隨著社會的發展,大量的機械設備被廣泛運用於各種產業,以適應各種操作環境。以營造業為例,機械設備通常為大型機具,如常見的卡車、怪手、水泥灌漿機或高空作業車等設備。然而,若是機械設備停放處較偏遠,往往不易管理,特別是機械設備可能長時間停放於室外,操作後不易立即移動至他處收納以防止遭竊,著實增加人力控管機械設備的不方便性。With the development of society, a large number of machinery and equipment are widely used in various industries to adapt to various operating environments. Take the construction industry as an example. The machinery and equipment are usually large machines, such as common trucks, strange hands, cement grouting machines, or aerial work trucks. However, if the mechanical equipment is parked in a remote place, it is often difficult to manage, especially the mechanical equipment may be parked outdoors for a long time, and it is not easy to move to another place immediately after operation to prevent theft, which greatly increases the inconvenience of manpower control of the mechanical equipment .

除此之外,在機械設備運轉過程中,常因操作不慎而導致工安事件發生,或是因疏於保養維護,或人為疏忽之因素導致機械設備零件遺失或損壞,造成工程延宕,甚至是危害到使用人員的生命安全。因此,業界需要一種機械設備監控系統,加強機械設備的管理,並監控機械設備的操作過程,從而能節省人力以及減少工安事件發生。In addition, during the operation of machinery and equipment, accidents often occur due to careless operation, or due to negligence in maintenance, or human negligence, resulting in loss or damage of machinery and equipment parts, resulting in project delays, or even It endangers the lives of users. Therefore, the industry needs a mechanical equipment monitoring system to strengthen the management of mechanical equipment and monitor the operation process of the mechanical equipment, so as to save manpower and reduce the occurrence of industrial safety incidents.

本發明提出一種機械設備監控系統,其能依據使用者的操作權限,管理機械設備的電源,減少機械設備失竊被直接開走的風險。並且,可以避免不熟悉機械設備操作的人員誤啟動機械設備,有助於減少工安事件。The present invention provides a mechanical equipment monitoring system, which can manage the power supply of the mechanical equipment according to the operation authority of the user, and reduce the risk of the mechanical equipment being stolen and driven away directly. In addition, it can prevent personnel who are not familiar with the operation of mechanical equipment from starting the mechanical equipment by mistake, which helps reduce industrial safety incidents.

本發明提供一種機械設備監控系統,包含電能管理裝置、處理單元及無線傳輸元件。電能管理裝置包含第一開關單元以及電能偵測單元。第一開關單元係可拆卸地耦接於機械設備的電能儲存單元,受控於第一控制訊號,用以選擇性地導通或截止電能儲存單元的第一供電路徑。電能偵測單元係可拆卸地耦接電能儲存單元,用以偵測電能儲存單元的電壓或電流,據以產生偵測訊號。處理單元係耦接於電能管理裝置,判斷權限訊號的內容,據以產生第一控制訊號,並記錄偵測訊號。無線傳輸元件係耦接於處理單元,用以接收權限訊號。The invention provides a mechanical equipment monitoring system, which includes an electric energy management device, a processing unit and a wireless transmission element. The power management device includes a first switch unit and a power detection unit. The first switch unit is detachably coupled to the electrical energy storage unit of the mechanical equipment, and is controlled by the first control signal for selectively turning on or off the first power supply path of the electrical energy storage unit. The electric energy detection unit is detachably coupled to the electric energy storage unit to detect the voltage or current of the electric energy storage unit and generate a detection signal accordingly. The processing unit is coupled to the power management device, determines the content of the authority signal, generates the first control signal accordingly, and records the detection signal. The wireless transmission element is coupled to the processing unit for receiving the permission signal.

在一實施例中,本發明更提供一種機械設備監控系統,其包含遠端伺服器,由遠端伺服器產生權限訊號。而權限訊號的內容可以是操作人員的使用者資訊、時間資訊、地理位置資訊或環境資訊。本發明權限訊號的內容需符合至少一機械設備的啟動條件。除此之外,啟動條件包含一指定檔案格式,更檢查權限訊號是否包含該指定檔案格式。另外,啟動條件更包含一設備狀態訊號,處理單元更判斷設備狀態訊號的內容是否符合機械設備的啟動條件。藉由上述以控制機械設備為通電狀態或斷電狀態,進而控管使用者的操作權限。此外,本發明還包含耦接於處理單元的操作偵測單元,其取得機械設備的操作訊號,使遠端伺服器進一步依據偵測訊號與操作訊號,產生操作耗能資訊。In one embodiment, the present invention further provides a mechanical equipment monitoring system, which includes a remote server, and the remote server generates a permission signal. The content of the authority signal can be user information, time information, geographic location information, or environmental information of the operator. The content of the authority signal of the present invention needs to meet the activation condition of at least one mechanical device. In addition, the activation condition includes a designated file format, and it also checks whether the permission signal includes the designated file format. In addition, the activation condition further includes a device status signal, and the processing unit further determines whether the content of the device status signal meets the activation condition of the mechanical device. Through the above-mentioned controlling the mechanical equipment as the power-on state or the power-off state, the user's operation authority is controlled. In addition, the present invention also includes an operation detection unit coupled to the processing unit, which obtains the operation signal of the mechanical equipment, so that the remote server further generates operation energy consumption information based on the detection signal and the operation signal.

本發明提出一種機械設備監控方法,其能依據使用者的操作權限,管理機械設備的電源,減少機械設備失竊被直接開走的風險。並且,可以避免不熟悉機械設備操作的人員誤啟動機械設備,有助於減少工安事件。The present invention provides a monitoring method for mechanical equipment, which can manage the power supply of the mechanical equipment according to the operation authority of the user, and reduce the risk of the mechanical equipment being stolen and driven away directly. In addition, it can prevent personnel who are not familiar with the operation of mechanical equipment from starting the mechanical equipment by mistake, which helps reduce industrial safety incidents.

本發明提供一種機械設備監控方法,其能透過判斷權限訊號的內容是否符合機械設備的啟動條件,據以產生第一控制訊號,用以選擇性地導通或截止機械設備的電能儲存單元的第一供電路徑。The present invention provides a monitoring method for mechanical equipment, which can determine whether the content of the authority signal meets the starting conditions of the mechanical equipment, and thereby generate a first control signal to selectively turn on or turn off the first control signal of the electrical energy storage unit of the mechanical equipment. Power supply path.

在一實施例中,本發明提供一種機械設備監控方法,其能透過判斷操作人員使用者資訊、時間資訊、地理位置資訊或環境資訊是否符合至少一機械設備的啟動條件。除此之外,啟動條件包含一指定檔案格式,更檢查權限訊號是否包含該指定檔案格式。另外,啟動條件更包含一設備狀態訊號,處理單元更判斷設備狀態訊號的內容是否符合機械設備的啟動條件。藉由上述以控制機械設備為通電狀態或斷電狀態,進而控管使用者的操作權限,使機械設備在具有操作資格的使用者操作下、或適當的操作時間或合規的操作地點使用,以防止機械設備失竊或誤啟動機械設備的情形發生。In one embodiment, the present invention provides a method for monitoring mechanical equipment, which can determine whether operator user information, time information, geographic location information, or environmental information meets the activation condition of at least one mechanical equipment. In addition, the activation condition includes a designated file format, and it also checks whether the permission signal includes the designated file format. In addition, the activation condition further includes a device status signal, and the processing unit further determines whether the content of the device status signal meets the activation condition of the mechanical device. By controlling the mechanical equipment in the power-on state or the power-off state as described above, the user's operating authority is controlled, so that the mechanical equipment can be used under the operation of a qualified user, or at an appropriate operating time or a compliant operating location, To prevent the theft of mechanical equipment or accidental activation of mechanical equipment.

本發明進一步提出一種機械設備監控方法,其能透過判讀機械設備的電壓或電流,演算電壓或電流的變化量以獲取機械設備的操作狀態,除了可讓使用者能同步且即時地遠端監控機械設備的操作狀態之外,亦可提供機械設備的操作者電量預測報告,以準備更換電能儲存單元。The present invention further provides a mechanical equipment monitoring method, which can obtain the operating status of the mechanical equipment by interpreting the voltage or current of the mechanical equipment and calculating the change of the voltage or current, in addition to allowing the user to remotely monitor the mechanical equipment synchronously and in real time. In addition to the operating status of the equipment, the operator's power forecast report of the mechanical equipment can also be provided to prepare for replacement of the electrical energy storage unit.

本發明提供一種機械設備監控方法,其能透偵測機械設備的電能儲存單元的電壓或電流,產生偵測訊號,另外,更取得機械設備的操作訊號,而此操作訊號對應機械設備的操作狀態。最後,依據上述的偵測訊號與操作訊號,產生操作耗能資訊。The present invention provides a monitoring method for mechanical equipment, which can detect the voltage or current of the electrical energy storage unit of the mechanical equipment to generate a detection signal. In addition, the operation signal of the mechanical equipment is obtained, and the operation signal corresponds to the operating state of the mechanical equipment . Finally, the operation energy consumption information is generated according to the above-mentioned detection signal and operation signal.

因此,本發明所揭露的機械設備監控系統及方法能幫助機械設備的所有權人控管其機械設備的操作權限,避免他人誤用或是防止遭竊,以及遠端監控其機械設備的操作狀態,進而了解工程進度和預測機械設備的使用壽命。Therefore, the mechanical equipment monitoring system and method disclosed in the present invention can help the owner of the mechanical equipment control the operating authority of the mechanical equipment, avoid misuse by others or prevent theft, and remotely monitor the operating status of the mechanical equipment, and then Understand the project progress and predict the service life of mechanical equipment.

下文將進一步揭露本發明之特徵、目的及功能。然而,以下所述者,僅為本發明之實施例,當不能以之限制本發明之範圍,即但凡依本發明申請專利範圍所作之均等變化及修飾,仍將不失為本發明之要意所在,亦不脫離本發明之精神和範圍,故應將視為本發明的進一步實施態樣。The features, objectives and functions of the present invention will be further disclosed below. However, the following are only examples of the present invention, and should not be used to limit the scope of the present invention, that is, all equivalent changes and modifications made in accordance with the scope of the patent application of the present invention will still be the essence of the present invention. Without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, it should be regarded as a further implementation aspect of the present invention.

請參閱圖1,圖1係本發明一實施例繪示之機械設備監控系統的功能方塊圖。如圖1所示,機械設備監控系統1具有電能管理裝置10、處理單元12以及無線傳輸元件14。處理單元12分別耦接電能管理裝置10以及無線傳輸元件14,而電能管理裝置10具有第一開關單元100與電能偵測單元102。機械設備監控系統1可以用來管理並偵測機械設備2的用電狀態,從而電能管理裝置10可以耦接到機械設備2的電能儲存單元20。實務上,機械設備2除了可以是大型機具,如常見的卡車、怪手、水泥灌漿機或高空作業車之外,也可以是攜帶式工具機,如單人打樁機或者鼓風機等,本實施例在此不加以限制。電能儲存單元20可以是機械設備2的電瓶或主要用來蓄電的設備,本實施例不限制電能儲存單元20的內容成分、電極材質、外觀形狀等,只要機械設備2啟動時,需要使用電能儲存單元20的電能供電,即應屬本實施例之範疇。Please refer to FIG. 1. FIG. 1 is a functional block diagram of a mechanical equipment monitoring system shown in an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the mechanical equipment monitoring system 1 has a power management device 10, a processing unit 12 and a wireless transmission element 14. The processing unit 12 is respectively coupled to the power management device 10 and the wireless transmission element 14, and the power management device 10 has a first switch unit 100 and a power detection unit 102. The mechanical equipment monitoring system 1 can be used to manage and detect the power consumption status of the mechanical equipment 2 so that the power management device 10 can be coupled to the electrical energy storage unit 20 of the mechanical equipment 2. In practice, the mechanical equipment 2 can be not only a large machine tool, such as a common truck, a strange hand, a cement grouting machine or an aerial work vehicle, but also a portable machine tool, such as a single-person pile driver or a blower. This embodiment There is no restriction here. The electric energy storage unit 20 can be a battery of the mechanical device 2 or a device mainly used for storing electricity. This embodiment does not limit the content, electrode material, appearance shape, etc. of the electric energy storage unit 20, as long as the mechanical device 2 is started, it needs to use electric energy storage The electric power supply of the unit 20 should fall within the scope of this embodiment.

電能管理裝置10可拆卸地耦接於某機械設備2的電能儲存單元20,意即機械設備2的電源、電池或電瓶等。其中,第一開關單元之另一端接於處理單元,並受控於自處理單元傳來的第一控制訊號,當第一控制訊號為控制第一開關單元導通電能儲存單元的第一供電路徑,則機械設備處於通電狀態,操作者才能進一步地啟動機械設備,例如:透過鑰匙或開關按鈕。換句話說,當第一控制訊號為控制第一開關單元截止電能儲存單元的第一供電路徑,則機械設備處於斷電狀態,即使插入鑰匙或按下電源按鈕,均不能進一步地啟動機械設備。以下分別就上述元件做更詳細的說明。The power management device 10 is detachably coupled to the power storage unit 20 of a mechanical device 2, which means the power source, battery, or battery of the mechanical device 2. Wherein, the other end of the first switch unit is connected to the processing unit and is controlled by the first control signal transmitted from the processing unit. When the first control signal controls the first switch unit to conduct the first power supply path of the electric energy storage unit, Then the mechanical equipment is in the energized state, the operator can further start the mechanical equipment, for example: through the key or switch button. In other words, when the first control signal controls the first switch unit to cut off the first power supply path of the electric energy storage unit, the mechanical device is in a power-off state. Even if the key is inserted or the power button is pressed, the mechanical device cannot be further started. The above components are described in more detail below.

電能管理裝置10中的第一開關單元100,可拆卸地耦接於機械設備2的電能儲存單元20,受控於第一控制訊號,用以選擇性地導通或截止電能儲存單元20的第一供電路徑。實務上,由於機械設備2啟動時,需要使用電能儲存單元20的電能供電,第一開關單元100可以串聯連接在第一供電路徑上。於所屬技術領域具有通常知識者應可明白,當電壓或電流路徑呈現斷路而無法形成封閉迴路時,電能是不導通的。因此,第一開關單元100可以串聯連接在電能儲存單元20的第一供電路徑時,可以藉由控制第一開關單元100的開啟(ON)與關閉(OFF),使機械設備2切換於通電與斷電狀態。所謂的通電與斷電狀態,指機械設備2是否處於得被啟動的狀態,或說機械設備2是否取得系統電能。The first switch unit 100 in the power management device 10 is detachably coupled to the power storage unit 20 of the mechanical equipment 2 and is controlled by a first control signal to selectively turn on or off the first switch unit 20 of the power storage unit 20. Power supply path. In practice, since the mechanical device 2 needs to use the electric energy of the electric energy storage unit 20 to supply power when the mechanical device 2 is started, the first switch unit 100 may be connected in series on the first power supply path. Those with ordinary knowledge in the relevant technical field should understand that when the voltage or current path is open and cannot form a closed loop, the electrical energy is non-conducting. Therefore, when the first switch unit 100 can be connected in series to the first power supply path of the electric energy storage unit 20, the mechanical device 2 can be switched between the power on and the off by controlling the first switch unit 100 to turn on (ON) and turn off (OFF). Power off state. The so-called power-on and power-off states refer to whether the mechanical equipment 2 is in a state to be started, or whether the mechanical equipment 2 obtains system power.

舉機械設備2為挖土機的例子,若機械設備2只有一個電能儲存單元20,在斷電狀態下,不僅挖土機無法發動引擎,也無法利用系統電能開啟燈光、收音機、通訊裝置或動力輔助裝置,當然也不可能執行更耗能的功能,例如挖土或移動挖土機。若機械設備2不只有一個電能儲存單元20,第一開關單元100的數量可以與電能儲存單元20的數量相同,每個第一開關單元100都在對應的電能儲存單元20的第一供電路徑中,在斷電狀態下,可以選擇全部斷電或部分斷電,例如可選擇僅無法發動引擎,但可使用通訊裝置。Take the example of mechanical equipment 2 as an excavator. If mechanical equipment 2 has only one electric energy storage unit 20, in the power-off state, not only the excavator cannot start the engine, but also cannot use the system power to turn on lights, radios, communication devices or power. It is of course impossible for auxiliary devices to perform more energy-consuming functions, such as digging or moving excavators. If the mechanical equipment 2 has more than one electric energy storage unit 20, the number of the first switch units 100 can be the same as the number of the electric energy storage units 20, and each first switch unit 100 is in the first power supply path of the corresponding electric energy storage unit 20 , In the power-off state, you can choose to completely or partially power off, for example, you can choose to only fail to start the engine, but you can use the communication device.

本發明不限制第一開關單元100的裝設位置,以電能儲存單元20為常見的電瓶為例,第一開關單元100可以裝設於電瓶的電極周圍,使得電能儲存單元20需通過第一開關單元100才能電性連接到機械設備2中的其他用電裝置。實務上,第一開關單元100可以是繼電器或其他適合的電子開關,不限於出場時即安裝在電能儲存單元20,更可以事後安裝在電能儲存單元20的第一供電路徑中。The present invention does not limit the installation position of the first switch unit 100. Taking the electric energy storage unit 20 as a common battery as an example, the first switch unit 100 can be installed around the electrodes of the battery, so that the electric energy storage unit 20 needs to pass through the first switch The unit 100 can be electrically connected to other electrical devices in the mechanical equipment 2. In practice, the first switch unit 100 may be a relay or other suitable electronic switch, and is not limited to be installed in the electric energy storage unit 20 when it is out of the field, but may be installed in the first power supply path of the electric energy storage unit 20 afterwards.

電能偵測單元102用以偵測電能儲存單元20的電壓或電流,據以產生偵測訊號。電能偵測單元102的目的是用來偵測電能儲存單元20的電能使用狀態,從而得知機械設備2是否被啟動或者操作情形。於一個例子中,偵測訊號中可包含時間與用電資訊,例如可以記錄上午11點40分電流值為2.5A,11點41分電流值為1.2A,11點42分電流值反覆在1.5A到2.0A之間震盪三次等,本實施例雖示範記錄時與分,但實際上也可以記錄年、月、日、時、分、秒,所屬技術領域具有通常知識者可視需要自由設定記錄時間的最小單位。電能偵測單元102與第一開關單元100可以被整合,且裝設在電能管理裝置10的同一個外殼中,本實施例不加以限制。此外,電能偵測單元102也不一定只有一個,例如為了測知機械設備2中使用特定功能的電能使用狀態,也可以裝設多個電能偵測單元102。實務上,電能偵測單元102可以是霍爾感應器((Hall sensor)或其他適於感應電壓或電流的元件,所屬技術領域具有通常知識者可以自由選擇。The electric energy detecting unit 102 is used to detect the voltage or current of the electric energy storage unit 20 and generate a detection signal accordingly. The purpose of the power detection unit 102 is to detect the power usage status of the power storage unit 20 so as to know whether the mechanical device 2 is activated or operating conditions. In one example, the detection signal can include time and electricity consumption information. For example, it can record the current value of 2.5A at 11:40 am, the current value at 11:41 am 1.2A, and the current value at 11:42 am repeated at 1.5. It oscillates three times between A and 2.0A. Although this embodiment demonstrates recording hours and minutes, it can actually record year, month, day, hour, minute, and second. Those with ordinary knowledge in the technical field can freely set the record as needed. The smallest unit of time. The power detection unit 102 and the first switch unit 100 can be integrated and installed in the same housing of the power management device 10, which is not limited in this embodiment. In addition, there is not necessarily only one power detection unit 102. For example, in order to detect the power usage status of a specific function in the mechanical device 2, multiple power detection units 102 may also be installed. In practice, the power detection unit 102 may be a Hall sensor or other components suitable for sensing voltage or current, which can be freely selected by those with ordinary knowledge in the technical field.

處理單元12判斷權限訊號的內容,據以產生第一控制訊號,並記錄偵測訊號。詳細來說,處理單元12判斷權限訊號的內容是否符合機械設備2的啟動條件,當處理單元12判斷權限訊號的內容符合啟動條件,才會產生第一控制訊號,從而機械設備2才會處於通電狀態。另外,處理單元12可以儲存偵測訊號,供後續批次分析機械設備2於特定時間與用電資訊的關係。The processing unit 12 determines the content of the authority signal, generates the first control signal accordingly, and records the detection signal. In detail, the processing unit 12 determines whether the content of the authorization signal meets the activation conditions of the mechanical device 2. When the processing unit 12 determines that the content of the authorization signal meets the activation conditions, the first control signal is generated, and the mechanical device 2 is energized. status. In addition, the processing unit 12 can store the detection signal for subsequent batch analysis of the relationship between the mechanical equipment 2 and the electricity consumption information at a specific time.

機械設備監控系統1可以利用無線傳輸元件14,自外部接收該權限訊號。實務上,權限訊號可以從行動裝置發出,例如操作人員要去使用機械設備2時,操作人員的行動裝置可以預先裝有對應的應用程式,由應用程式可以提供權限訊號。此時,無線傳輸元件14可以是wifi、藍芽、zigbee等短距傳輸技術使用的收發模組,使用短距傳輸技術的原因,一方面可以管制操作機械設備2的人員就是行動裝置的使用者,另一方面,也避免行動裝置誤傳權限訊號至其他機械設備。The mechanical equipment monitoring system 1 can use the wireless transmission element 14 to receive the authority signal from the outside. In practice, the authority signal can be sent from the mobile device. For example, when the operator wants to use the mechanical equipment 2, the operator's mobile device can be pre-installed with the corresponding application, and the application can provide the authority signal. At this time, the wireless transmission element 14 can be a transceiver module used in short-distance transmission technologies such as wifi, bluetooth, zigbee, etc. The reason for using short-distance transmission technology is that, on the one hand, it can control that the person operating the mechanical equipment 2 is the user of the mobile device On the other hand, it also prevents mobile devices from mistransmitting authority signals to other mechanical equipment.

以實際的例子來說,權限訊號的內容可以是操作人員的使用者資訊,使用者資訊可以包含身份資訊、駕駛對應機械設備的證照、出勤狀態等,從而啟動條件也會對應這些項目進行設定。如果操作人員的身份不對,例如A工地的人員來B工地使用挖土機,處理單元12則可以判斷操作人員的身份不符合機械設備2的啟動條件。如果操作人員沒有駕駛對應機械設備的證照,例如操作人員不具備挖土機操作證或者未通過教育訓練,處理單元12則可以判斷駕駛或操作資格不符合機械設備2的啟動條件。如果操作人員出勤狀態異常,例如操作人員連續工作一定天數有影響工安之可能,處理單元12則可以判斷出勤狀態不符合機械設備2的啟動條件。Taking a practical example, the content of the authority signal can be the user information of the operator, and the user information can include identity information, driving licenses of the corresponding mechanical equipment, attendance status, etc., so that the activation conditions will also be set corresponding to these items. If the identity of the operator is incorrect, for example, a worker from site A comes to site B to use the excavator, the processing unit 12 can determine that the identity of the operator does not meet the starting conditions of the mechanical equipment 2. If the operator does not have a license to drive the corresponding mechanical equipment, for example, the operator does not have an excavator operation license or has not passed education training, the processing unit 12 can determine that the driving or operating qualification does not meet the starting conditions of the mechanical equipment 2. If the attendance status of the operator is abnormal, for example, if the operator has worked continuously for a certain number of days, the work safety may be affected, the processing unit 12 can determine that the attendance status does not meet the starting conditions of the mechanical equipment 2.

於另一個例子中,權限訊號的內容可以是時間資訊,不一定乎操作的人員。實務上,處理單元12可以預設一段可以啟動機械設備2的時間為啟動條件,只要權限訊號包含的時間資訊不在這一段允許的時間,即強制機械設備2處於斷電狀態。例如操作的時間是深夜,有擾鄰或影響工安的狀況,處理單元12則可以判斷操作時間不符合機械設備2的啟動條件。In another example, the content of the authority signal may be time information, not necessarily the operator. In practice, the processing unit 12 can preset a period of time during which the mechanical device 2 can be activated as the starting condition. As long as the time information contained in the permission signal is not within the allowed period of time, the mechanical device 2 is forced to be in a power-off state. For example, the operation time is late at night, and there is a situation that disturbs neighbors or affects work safety, and the processing unit 12 can determine that the operation time does not meet the starting conditions of the mechanical device 2.

於再一個例子中,權限訊號的內容可以是地理位置資訊,不一定關乎操作的人員或時間。實務上,處理單元12可以預設可以啟動機械設備2的地理位置為啟動條件,只要權限訊號包含的地理位置資訊不在允許的地點,即強制機械設備2處於斷電狀態。例如操作的位置被限定在A工地的範圍,若是權限訊號包含的地理位置資訊超出A工地的範圍,即處理單元12則可以判斷地理位置不符合機械設備2的啟動條件。In another example, the content of the authority signal may be geographic location information, not necessarily related to the operating personnel or time. In practice, the processing unit 12 can preset the geographic location where the mechanical device 2 can be activated as the activation condition. As long as the geographic location information contained in the permission signal is not in an allowed location, the mechanical device 2 is forced to be in a power-off state. For example, the operating location is limited to the scope of the A site. If the geographic location information contained in the permission signal exceeds the scope of the A site, the processing unit 12 can determine that the geographic location does not meet the activation conditions of the mechanical equipment 2.

於又一個例子中,權限訊號的內容可以是環境資訊,不一定關乎操作的地理位置。實務上,處理單元12可以預設可以啟動機械設備2的環境資訊為啟動條件,只要權限訊號包含的環境資訊不在允許的風速條件或雨量條件,即強制機械設備2處於斷電狀態。例如可在A工地操作的風速被限定在每秒40公尺左右的範圍,若是權限訊號包含的環境資訊超出A工地的風速範圍,即處理單元12則可以判斷環境資訊不符合機械設備2的啟動條件。In another example, the content of the authority signal may be environmental information, not necessarily related to the geographic location of the operation. In practice, the processing unit 12 can preset the environmental information that can start the mechanical device 2 as the starting condition. As long as the environmental information contained in the permission signal is not in the allowable wind speed or rainfall condition, the mechanical device 2 is forced to be in a power-off state. For example, the wind speed that can be operated at site A is limited to a range of about 40 meters per second. If the environmental information contained in the permission signal exceeds the wind speed range of site A, the processing unit 12 can determine that the environmental information does not comply with the activation of the mechanical equipment 2. condition.

於又一個例子中,啟動條件可以包含指定檔案格式,處理單元12檢查權限訊號是否包含指定檔案格式。例如,指定檔案格式可以是影像、圖片的常見格式,操作機械設備2之前,往往需進行機械設備2部件簡易檢查,操作人員可以拍下通過簡易檢查的機械設備2部件,以茲證明或備查。因此,只要權限訊號沒有包含了影像、圖片的常見格式,則可推論尚未完成檢查,處理單元12則可以判斷因缺乏指定檔案格式,不符合機械設備2的啟動條件。當然,處理單元12可以透過影像辨識技術,更近一步判斷影像、圖片中,是否真有機械設備2部件,或是可利用上傳圖片並透過AI辨識此部件是否正常,更能確保檢查的正確性,降低事故的發生機率。In another example, the activation condition may include a designated file format, and the processing unit 12 checks whether the permission signal includes the designated file format. For example, the designated file format can be a common format of images and pictures. Before operating the mechanical equipment 2, a simple inspection of the mechanical equipment 2 parts is often required. The operator can photograph the mechanical equipment 2 parts that have passed the simple inspection for certification or reference. Therefore, as long as the permission signal does not include the common formats of images and pictures, it can be inferred that the inspection has not been completed, and the processing unit 12 can determine that the activation conditions of the mechanical device 2 are not met due to the lack of a designated file format. Of course, the processing unit 12 can use image recognition technology to further determine whether there is a mechanical device 2 component in the image or picture, or can use the uploaded picture and recognize whether the component is normal through AI, which can better ensure the correctness of the inspection. Reduce the probability of accidents.

於另一個例子中,啟動條件可以包含設備狀態訊號,處理單元12檢查設備狀態訊號的內容是否符合機械設備的啟動條件。例如:可透過相關感測器判斷機器是否正常,具體而言,可透過胎壓偵測器檢測輪胎胎壓是否正常,以茲證明或備查。據此,若前述的偵測結果不符合預定設定則設備狀態訊號為不通過,因此,只要設備狀態訊號為不通過,則可推論尚未完成檢查,處理單元12則可以判斷因設備狀態訊號為不通過,不符合機械設備2的啟動條件。In another example, the activation condition may include a device status signal, and the processing unit 12 checks whether the content of the device status signal meets the activation condition of the mechanical device. For example, the relevant sensors can be used to determine whether the machine is normal. Specifically, the tire pressure detector can be used to detect whether the tire pressure is normal for verification or reference. Accordingly, if the aforementioned detection result does not meet the predetermined setting, the device status signal is not passed. Therefore, as long as the device status signal is not passed, it can be inferred that the inspection has not been completed, and the processing unit 12 can determine that the device status signal is not passed. Passed, does not meet the starting conditions of mechanical equipment 2.

本發明並不以圖1的架構為限,請參閱圖2,圖2係本發明另一實施例繪示之機械設備監控系統的功能方塊圖。圖2與圖1的相同之處在於,機械設備監控系統3同樣具有電能管理裝置30、處理單元32以及無線傳輸元件34。處理單元32同樣分別耦接電能管理裝置30以及無線傳輸元件34,而電能管理裝置30同樣具有第一開關單元300與電能偵測單元302。電能管理裝置30也可以耦接到機械設備2的電能儲存單元20。前述相同的元件功能本實施在此不予贅述。The present invention is not limited to the architecture of FIG. 1. Please refer to FIG. 2. FIG. 2 is a functional block diagram of a mechanical equipment monitoring system shown in another embodiment of the present invention. The difference between FIG. 2 and FIG. 1 is that the mechanical equipment monitoring system 3 also has a power management device 30, a processing unit 32 and a wireless transmission element 34. The processing unit 32 is also coupled to the power management device 30 and the wireless transmission element 34 respectively, and the power management device 30 also has a first switch unit 300 and a power detection unit 302. The power management device 30 may also be coupled to the power storage unit 20 of the mechanical equipment 2. The functions of the same elements mentioned above will not be repeated in this implementation.

圖2與圖1的差異,在於機械設備監控系統3更具有遠端伺服器36以及操作偵測單元38。於一個例子中,權限訊號可以從遠端伺服器36發出,例如操作人員要去使用機械設備2時,遠端伺服器36可以遙控開鎖機械設備2,使操作人員不用於行動裝置安裝應用程式。此時,無線傳輸元件34可以是使用長距離的3G、4G、5G網路的收發模組,使用長距傳輸技術的原因,是因為遠端伺服器36很可能設置於他處,有較長的訊號傳輸距離,或使用訊號中繼站轉傳訊號。The difference between FIG. 2 and FIG. 1 is that the mechanical equipment monitoring system 3 further has a remote server 36 and an operation detection unit 38. In one example, the authority signal can be sent from the remote server 36. For example, when the operator wants to use the mechanical device 2, the remote server 36 can remotely unlock the mechanical device 2, so that the operator does not use the mobile device to install applications. At this time, the wireless transmission element 34 can be a transceiver module that uses long-distance 3G, 4G, and 5G networks. The reason for using long-distance transmission technology is that the remote server 36 is likely to be set elsewhere, which is relatively long. The signal transmission distance, or use a signal relay station to transfer the signal.

此外,操作偵測單元38耦接該處理單元32,操作偵測單元38用以取得機械設備2的操作訊號,處理單元32記錄偵測訊號與操作訊號。實務上,操作偵測單元38可以是行車電腦,或其他可以用來記錄操作人員如和操作機械設備2的裝置,本實施例不加以限制。操作訊號可以包含時間和行為,例如可以記錄上午11點40分挖土機前進移動,11點41分挖土機右轉30度,11點42分挖掘3次等,本實施例雖示範記錄時與分,但實際上也可以記錄年、月、日、時、分、秒,所屬技術領域具有通常知識者可視需要自由設定記錄時間的最小單位。In addition, the operation detection unit 38 is coupled to the processing unit 32. The operation detection unit 38 is used to obtain the operation signal of the mechanical device 2, and the processing unit 32 records the detection signal and the operation signal. In practice, the operation detection unit 38 can be a trip computer, or other devices that can be used to record operators such as and operate the mechanical equipment 2, and this embodiment is not limited. The operation signal can include time and behavior. For example, it can record the forward movement of the excavator at 11:40 in the morning, the excavator turned 30 degrees to the right at 11:41, and the excavation at 11:42 for 3 times. And minutes, but in fact, it is also possible to record year, month, day, hour, minute, and second. Those with ordinary knowledge in the technical field can freely set the minimum unit of recording time as needed.

由於偵測訊號是電能偵測單元302偵測電能儲存單元20的電壓或電流的偵測結果。遠端伺服器36可依據偵測訊號和前述的操作訊號,計算出何種操作行為消耗多少電能,從而可產生操作耗能資訊,表示操作行為和消耗電能的對應關係。據此,以電動的卡車或大型機具為例,可以很簡便的管理卡車或大型機具各種操作行為的能源使用效率,甚至可以依據各種操作行為的次數,輔助計算後續維修的時間點。如果再整合工程進度,便可以進一步計算出完成1%的工程需使用多少單位的能源,以利資源管理。當然,本發明不限應用於電動機械設備,以汽油或柴油的卡車或大型機具為例,只要整合加油量或加油費用,同樣可以找出卡車或大型機具各種操作行為的能源使用效率,以利資源管理。Because the detection signal is a detection result of the electric energy detecting unit 302 detecting the voltage or current of the electric energy storage unit 20. The remote server 36 can calculate how much power is consumed by which operation behavior based on the detection signal and the aforementioned operation signal, thereby generating operation energy consumption information, which indicates the corresponding relationship between the operation behavior and the power consumption. Accordingly, taking electric trucks or large machines as an example, the energy efficiency of various operation behaviors of trucks or large machines can be easily managed, and it can even assist in calculating the time point of subsequent maintenance based on the number of various operations. If you integrate the project progress, you can further calculate how many units of energy will be used to complete 1% of the project to facilitate resource management. Of course, the present invention is not limited to electric machinery and equipment. Taking gasoline or diesel trucks or large machines as an example, as long as the refueling amount or refueling costs are integrated, the energy efficiency of various operations of trucks or large machines can also be found for benefit. Resource management.

值得注意的是,操作偵測單元38不一定是必要的,當遠端伺服器36已經建立操作耗能資訊的關係,有鑒於不同的操作行為往往有不同的耗能,後續可以僅由電能偵測單元302偵測電能儲存單元20的電壓或電流的變化,輕易推算出機械設備2執行何種操作行為,使機械設備2的監控與管理更有效率。It is worth noting that the operation detection unit 38 is not necessarily necessary. When the remote server 36 has established the relationship of operation energy consumption information, since different operation behaviors often have different energy consumption, the subsequent operation can only be detected by electric energy. The measuring unit 302 detects changes in the voltage or current of the electric energy storage unit 20, and easily calculates which operation behavior the mechanical device 2 performs, so that the monitoring and management of the mechanical device 2 is more efficient.

本發明並不以圖1的架構為限,請參閱圖3,圖3係本發明再一實施例繪示之機械設備監控系統的功能方塊圖。圖3與圖1的差異,在於機械設備2進一步具有引擎模組22與功能模組24,以及機械設備監控系統4更具有第二開關單元404。第二開關單元404可拆卸地耦接於機械設備2的功能模組24,受控於第二控制訊號,用以選擇性地導通或截止功能模組24的第二供電路徑。從而第一開關單元400與第二開關單元404,均受控於處理單元42,分別控制引擎模組22與功能模組24。實務上,機械設備2是工程機具時,多半會有用來移動的引擎模組22與用來執行特定功能的功能模組24,本實施例並不限制功能模組24的目的,例如功能模組24可以是大燈、空調或通訊設備,也可以是吊臂、絞盤等器具。The present invention is not limited to the architecture of FIG. 1. Please refer to FIG. 3. FIG. 3 is a functional block diagram of a mechanical equipment monitoring system shown in another embodiment of the present invention. The difference between FIG. 3 and FIG. 1 is that the mechanical equipment 2 further has an engine module 22 and a functional module 24, and the mechanical equipment monitoring system 4 further has a second switch unit 404. The second switch unit 404 is detachably coupled to the functional module 24 of the mechanical device 2 and is controlled by a second control signal for selectively turning on or off the second power supply path of the functional module 24. Therefore, both the first switch unit 400 and the second switch unit 404 are controlled by the processing unit 42 to control the engine module 22 and the function module 24 respectively. In practice, when the mechanical equipment 2 is an engineering tool, there will probably be an engine module 22 for movement and a functional module 24 for performing specific functions. This embodiment does not limit the purpose of the functional module 24, such as a functional module. 24 can be headlights, air conditioners or communication equipment, or can be booms, winches and other appliances.

此外,透過處理單元42判斷權限訊號的內容,據以產生第二控制訊號。於一個例子中,當操作人員只有權限移動或開動機械設備2,但不能使用功能模組24的特定功能時,權限訊號的內容可以指示僅提供機械設備2的引擎模組22被操作。處理單元42判斷權限訊號的內容後,產生第一控制訊號導通第一供電路徑,使引擎模組22處於通電狀態,即使得引擎模組22處於能被操作人員隨時點火啟動的狀態。同時地,由於權限訊號的內容指示操作者不能啟動功能模組24,處理單元42更由第二控制訊號截止功能模組24的第二供電路徑,使得機械設備2的功能模組24處於斷電狀態,即使得功能模組24處於不能被操作人員隨時操作的狀態。In addition, the processing unit 42 determines the content of the permission signal and generates the second control signal accordingly. In one example, when the operator only has the authority to move or start the mechanical equipment 2 but cannot use the specific functions of the functional module 24, the content of the authority signal may indicate that only the engine module 22 that provides the mechanical equipment 2 is operated. After the processing unit 42 determines the content of the authority signal, it generates a first control signal to turn on the first power supply path, so that the engine module 22 is in a energized state, that is, the engine module 22 is in a state that can be ignited and started by the operator at any time. At the same time, since the content of the authority signal indicates that the operator cannot start the functional module 24, the processing unit 42 further cuts off the second power supply path of the functional module 24 by the second control signal, so that the functional module 24 of the mechanical device 2 is in a power-off state. The state means that the function module 24 is in a state that cannot be operated by the operator at any time.

舉機械設備2為吊卡車為例子,吊卡車可粗略分為吊桿和卡車兩個部件。另外,所屬技術領域的專業人員應知道使用起重機 (意即:吊升) 須遵守「一機三證」的標準。一機三證係指移動式起重機檢查合格證、操作人員合格證及吊掛人員合格證。然而在行駛的狀態下,只需要駕駛卡車的權限 (例如:操作者需領有大貨車以上駕駛執照)。因此,在此情形下可不需獲取吊升的操作權限。具體而言,本發明可透過權限訊號的內容僅提供卡車的引擎被操作者使用,因此處理單元42產生第一控制訊號導通供電路徑,卡車的引擎模組22處於通電狀態,從而引擎模組22能被操作人員點火而啟動。同時地,處理單元42產生第二控制訊號截止起重機的供電路徑,則起重機則處於斷電狀態。此監控方法有助於防止大型機械設備在行駛中誤啟其它部件造成意外事件的發生。Taking the mechanical equipment 2 as a crane as an example, the crane can be roughly divided into two parts: a boom and a truck. In addition, professionals in the technical field should know that the use of cranes (meaning: hoisting) must comply with the "one machine, three certificates" standard. One machine with three certificates refers to the mobile crane inspection certificate, operator certificate and hanging personnel certificate. However, when driving, only the permission to drive the truck is required (for example, the operator needs to have a driver's license for large trucks or higher). Therefore, in this case, there is no need to obtain the lifting operation authority. Specifically, the present invention can only provide the truck's engine to be used by the operator through the content of the permission signal. Therefore, the processing unit 42 generates the first control signal to conduct the power supply path, and the truck's engine module 22 is in the energized state, so that the engine module 22 It can be ignited and started by the operator. At the same time, the processing unit 42 generates a second control signal to cut off the power supply path of the crane, and the crane is in a power-off state. This monitoring method helps prevent accidents caused by accidental opening of other parts of large mechanical equipment during driving.

以下配合圖1的功能方塊圖講述本發明之機械設備監控方法。請一併請參閱圖1與圖4,於步驟S51中,處理單元12判斷權限訊號的內容是否符合機械設備2的啟動條件,據以產生第一控制訊號。於步驟S52中,當處理單元12判斷權限訊號的內容符合啟動條件,才會產生第一控制訊號,導通機械設備2的電能儲存單元20的第一供電路徑,從而機械設備2才會處於通電狀態。於步驟S53中,當處理單元12判斷權限訊號的內容不符合啟動條件,則不產生第一控制訊號,使機械設備2的電能儲存單元20的第一供電路徑截止,從而機械設備2處於斷電狀態。The following describes the mechanical equipment monitoring method of the present invention in conjunction with the functional block diagram of FIG. 1. Please refer to FIG. 1 and FIG. 4 together. In step S51, the processing unit 12 determines whether the content of the authority signal meets the activation condition of the mechanical device 2 and generates the first control signal accordingly. In step S52, when the processing unit 12 determines that the content of the authorization signal meets the activation condition, the first control signal is generated to turn on the first power supply path of the electrical energy storage unit 20 of the mechanical device 2 so that the mechanical device 2 is in the energized state . In step S53, when the processing unit 12 determines that the content of the authority signal does not meet the activation conditions, the first control signal is not generated, and the first power supply path of the electrical energy storage unit 20 of the mechanical device 2 is cut off, so that the mechanical device 2 is in a power-off condition. status.

以下配合圖2的功能方塊圖講述本發明之另一機械設備監控方法。請一併請參閱圖2與圖5,本發明提供一種機械設備監控系統及其方法,於步驟S61中,電能偵測單元302透偵測機械設備2的電能儲存單元40的電壓或電流,產生偵測訊號。於步驟S62中,操作偵測單元38更取得機械設備2的操作訊號,而此操作訊號對應機械設備2的操作狀態。最後,於步驟S63中,遠端伺服器36依據上述的偵測訊號與操作訊號,產生操作耗能資訊。關於本發明的機械設備監控方法的變化型與應用,已於其他實施例充分描述,在此不予贅述。The following describes another mechanical equipment monitoring method of the present invention in conjunction with the functional block diagram of FIG. 2. Please refer to FIG. 2 and FIG. 5 together. The present invention provides a mechanical equipment monitoring system and method. In step S61, the electrical energy detection unit 302 detects the voltage or current of the electrical energy storage unit 40 of the mechanical equipment 2 to generate Detection signal. In step S62, the operation detection unit 38 further obtains an operation signal of the mechanical device 2, and the operation signal corresponds to the operation state of the mechanical device 2. Finally, in step S63, the remote server 36 generates operation energy consumption information according to the aforementioned detection signal and operation signal. The variations and applications of the mechanical equipment monitoring method of the present invention have been fully described in other embodiments, and will not be repeated here.

綜上所述,本發明所揭露的機械設備監控系統及方法能幫助機械設備的所有權人控管其機械設備的操作權限,避免他人誤用或是防止遭竊,以及遠端監控其機械設備的操作狀態,進而了解工程進度和預測機械設備的使用壽命。易言之,本發明所揭露的機械設備監控系統與方法,因能控管啟動機械設備的權限以及監控機械設備的操作狀態,有助於機械設備的直接操作者或管理者防止機械設備遭到誤用、遭到竊取、或是因更換電能儲存單元或因需進行維修機械設備而使延宕工程進度的情形發生。如此一來,便能降低機械設備管理者的成本、時間,加強機械設備的管理,並監控機械設備的操作過程,從而能節省人力以及減少工安事件發生。In summary, the mechanical equipment monitoring system and method disclosed in the present invention can help the owner of the mechanical equipment control the operation authority of the mechanical equipment, avoid misuse by others or prevent theft, and remotely monitor the operation of the mechanical equipment Status, and then understand the project progress and predict the service life of mechanical equipment. In other words, the mechanical equipment monitoring system and method disclosed in the present invention can control the authority to start the mechanical equipment and monitor the operating status of the mechanical equipment, which helps the direct operator or manager of the mechanical equipment to prevent the mechanical equipment from being damaged. Misuse, theft, or the replacement of electrical energy storage units or the need to repair mechanical equipment that delay the progress of the project. In this way, it is possible to reduce the cost and time of the mechanical equipment manager, strengthen the management of the mechanical equipment, and monitor the operation process of the mechanical equipment, thereby saving manpower and reducing the occurrence of industrial safety incidents.

1、3、4‧‧‧機械設備監控系統10、30、40‧‧‧電能管理裝置100、300、400‧‧‧第一開關單元102、302、402‧‧‧電能偵測單元404‧‧‧第二開關單元12、32、42‧‧‧處理單元14、34、44‧‧‧無線傳輸元件36‧‧‧遠端伺服器38‧‧‧操作偵測單元2‧‧‧機械設備20‧‧‧電能儲存單元22‧‧‧引擎模組24‧‧‧功能模組1, 3, 4‧‧‧Machine equipment monitoring system 10, 30, 40‧‧‧Power management device 100,300,400‧‧‧First switch unit 102,302,402‧‧‧Power detection unit 404‧‧ ‧Second switch unit 12, 32, 42‧‧‧Processing unit 14, 34, 44‧‧‧Wireless transmission element 36‧‧‧Remote server 38‧‧‧Operation detection unit 2‧‧‧Mechanical equipment 20‧ ‧‧Electric energy storage unit 22‧‧‧Engine module 24‧‧‧Function module

圖1係本發明一實施例繪示之機械設備監控系統的功能方塊圖。FIG. 1 is a functional block diagram of a mechanical equipment monitoring system shown in an embodiment of the present invention.

圖2係本發明另一實施例繪示之機械設備監控系統的功能方塊圖。Fig. 2 is a functional block diagram of a mechanical equipment monitoring system shown in another embodiment of the present invention.

圖3係本發明再一實施例繪示之機械設備監控系統的功能方塊圖。FIG. 3 is a functional block diagram of a mechanical equipment monitoring system shown in another embodiment of the present invention.

圖4係本發明一實施例繪示之機械設備監控方法的流程圖。FIG. 4 is a flowchart of a method for monitoring mechanical equipment according to an embodiment of the present invention.

圖5係本發明另一實施例繪示之機械設備監控方法的流程圖。Fig. 5 is a flowchart of a method for monitoring mechanical equipment according to another embodiment of the present invention.

1‧‧‧機械設備監控系統 1‧‧‧Machine equipment monitoring system

10‧‧‧電能管理裝置 10‧‧‧Power management device

100‧‧‧第一開關單元 100‧‧‧First switch unit

102‧‧‧電能偵測單元 102‧‧‧Power detection unit

12‧‧‧處理單元 12‧‧‧Processing unit

14‧‧‧無線傳輸元件 14‧‧‧Wireless transmission components

2‧‧‧機械設備 2‧‧‧Mechanical equipment

20‧‧‧電能儲存單元 20‧‧‧Electric energy storage unit

Claims (17)

一種機械設備監控系統,包含:一電能管理裝置,包含:一第一開關單元,可拆卸地耦接於一機械設備的一電能儲存單元,受控於一第一控制訊號,用以選擇性地導通或截止該電能儲存單元的一第一供電路徑;以及一電能偵測單元,可拆卸地耦接該電能儲存單元,用以偵測該電能儲存單元的電壓或電流,據以產生一偵測訊號;一處理單元,耦接該電能管理裝置,判斷一權限訊號的內容,據以產生該第一控制訊號,並記錄該偵測訊號;以及一無線傳輸元件,耦接該處理單元,用以接收該權限訊號;其中該第一供電路徑用以電性連接該電能儲存單元和一引擎模組,當該第一開關單元導通該電能儲存單元的該第一供電路徑,該機械設備的該引擎模組為通電狀態,當該第一開關單元截止該電能儲存單元的該第一供電路徑,該機械設備的該引擎模組為斷電狀態。 A mechanical equipment monitoring system includes: an electric energy management device, including: a first switch unit, detachably coupled to an electric energy storage unit of a mechanical equipment, controlled by a first control signal for selectively Turning on or off a first power supply path of the electrical energy storage unit; and an electrical energy detecting unit, detachably coupled to the electrical energy storage unit, for detecting the voltage or current of the electrical energy storage unit, and generating a detection accordingly Signal; a processing unit, coupled to the power management device, to determine the content of a permission signal, to generate the first control signal, and to record the detection signal; and a wireless transmission element, coupled to the processing unit, for Receiving the authority signal; wherein the first power supply path is used to electrically connect the electric energy storage unit and an engine module, and when the first switch unit turns on the first power supply path of the electric energy storage unit, the engine of the mechanical device The module is in the power-on state, and when the first switch unit cuts off the first power supply path of the electric energy storage unit, the engine module of the mechanical device is in the power-off state. 如請求項1所述之機械設備監控系統,其中該處理單元判斷該權限訊號的內容是否符合該機械設備的一啟動條件,當該處理單元判斷該權限訊號的內容符合該啟動條件,該處理單元產生該第一控制訊號。 The mechanical equipment monitoring system according to claim 1, wherein the processing unit determines whether the content of the permission signal meets a starting condition of the mechanical equipment, and when the processing unit judges that the content of the permission signal meets the starting condition, the processing unit The first control signal is generated. 如請求項2所述之機械設備監控系統,其中該權限訊號包含一使用者資訊,該處理單元判斷該使用者資訊是否符合該啟動條件。 For the mechanical equipment monitoring system of claim 2, wherein the authority signal includes user information, and the processing unit determines whether the user information meets the activation condition. 如請求項3所述之機械設備監控系統,其中該權限訊號包含一時間資訊,該處理單元判斷該時間資訊是否符合該啟動條件。 For the mechanical equipment monitoring system described in claim 3, the authority signal includes time information, and the processing unit determines whether the time information meets the activation condition. 如請求項3所述之機械設備監控系統,其中該權限訊號包含一地理位置資訊,該處理單元判斷該地理位置資訊是否符合該啟動條件。 For the mechanical equipment monitoring system described in claim 3, the authority signal includes geographic location information, and the processing unit determines whether the geographic location information meets the activation condition. 如請求項3所述之機械設備監控系統,其中該權限訊號包含一環境資訊,該處理單元判斷該環境資訊是否符合該啟動條件。 For the mechanical equipment monitoring system described in claim 3, the authority signal includes an environmental information, and the processing unit determines whether the environmental information meets the activation condition. 如請求項3所述之機械設備監控系統,其中該啟動條件包含一指定檔案格式,該處理單元檢查該權限訊號是否包含該指定檔案格式。 The mechanical equipment monitoring system according to claim 3, wherein the activation condition includes a specified file format, and the processing unit checks whether the authority signal includes the specified file format. 如請求項1所述之機械設備監控系統,更包含一遠端伺服器,該遠端伺服器產生該權限訊號。 The mechanical equipment monitoring system described in claim 1 further includes a remote server, and the remote server generates the authority signal. 如請求項8所述之機械設備監控系統,更包含一操作偵測單元,耦接該處理單元,該操作偵測單元用以取得該機械設備的一操作訊號,該處理單元記錄該偵測訊號與該操作訊號。 The mechanical equipment monitoring system according to claim 8, further comprising an operation detection unit coupled to the processing unit, the operation detection unit is used to obtain an operation signal of the mechanical equipment, and the processing unit records the detection signal And the operation signal. 如請求項9所述之機械設備監控系統,其中該遠端伺服器依據該偵測訊號與該操作訊號,產生一操作耗能資訊。 The mechanical equipment monitoring system according to claim 9, wherein the remote server generates an operation energy consumption information according to the detection signal and the operation signal. 如請求項1所述之機械設備監控系統,更包含一第二開關單元,可拆卸地耦接於該機械設備的一功能模組,受控於一第二控制訊號,用以選擇性地導通或截止該功能模組的一第二供電路徑,其中該處理單元更判斷該權限訊號的內容,據以產生該第二控制訊號。 The mechanical equipment monitoring system according to claim 1, further comprising a second switch unit, detachably coupled to a functional module of the mechanical equipment, controlled by a second control signal for selectively turning on Or cut off a second power supply path of the functional module, wherein the processing unit further determines the content of the permission signal and generates the second control signal accordingly. 一種機械設備監控方法,包括下列步驟:判斷一權限訊號的內容是否符合至少一機械設備的一啟動條件,據以產生一第一控制訊號;依據於該第一控制訊號,用以選擇性地導通或截止該機械設備的一電能儲存單元的一第一供電路徑; 其中該第一供電路徑用以電性連接該電能儲存單元和該機械設備的一引擎模組,當該第一供電路徑導通時,該引擎模組為通電狀態,當該第一供電路徑截止時,該引擎模組為斷電狀態。 A method for monitoring mechanical equipment includes the following steps: judging whether the content of a permission signal meets a starting condition of at least one mechanical equipment, and generating a first control signal accordingly; and selectively turning on the first control signal based on the first control signal Or cut off a first power supply path of an electric energy storage unit of the mechanical equipment; The first power supply path is used to electrically connect the electric energy storage unit and an engine module of the mechanical equipment. When the first power supply path is turned on, the engine module is in an energized state, and when the first power supply path is cut off , The engine module is in a power-off state. 如請求項12所述之機械設備監控方法,其中該權限訊號包含一使用者資訊,更判斷該使用者資訊是否符合該啟動條件。 According to the mechanical equipment monitoring method of claim 12, the authority signal includes user information, and it is determined whether the user information meets the activation condition. 如請求項12所述之機械設備監控方法,其中該權限訊號包含一時間資訊,更判斷該時間資訊是否符合該啟動條件。 According to the mechanical equipment monitoring method of claim 12, the authority signal includes time information, and it is determined whether the time information meets the activation condition. 如請求項12所述之機械設備監控方法,其中該權限訊號包含一地理位置資訊,更判斷該地理位置資訊是否符合該啟動條件。 The method for monitoring mechanical equipment according to claim 12, wherein the authority signal includes geographic location information, and it is determined whether the geographic location information meets the activation condition. 如請求項12所述之機械設備監控方法,其中該權限訊號包含一環境資訊,更判斷該環境資訊是否符合該啟動條件。 According to the mechanical equipment monitoring method of claim 12, wherein the authority signal includes an environmental information, it is determined whether the environmental information meets the activation condition. 如請求項12所述之機械設備監控方法,其中該啟動條件包含一指定檔案格式,更檢查該權限訊號是否包含該指定檔案格式。 The mechanical equipment monitoring method according to claim 12, wherein the activation condition includes a designated file format, and it is also checked whether the authority signal includes the designated file format.
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