RU2606735C1 - Form panel and method for form making using said form panel - Google Patents

Form panel and method for form making using said form panel Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2606735C1
RU2606735C1 RU2015131479A RU2015131479A RU2606735C1 RU 2606735 C1 RU2606735 C1 RU 2606735C1 RU 2015131479 A RU2015131479 A RU 2015131479A RU 2015131479 A RU2015131479 A RU 2015131479A RU 2606735 C1 RU2606735 C1 RU 2606735C1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
formwork
screed
board
section
shuttering
Prior art date
Application number
RU2015131479A
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Чхан-Кю ХАН
Original Assignee
Ессформ Ко., Лтд.
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Priority to KR10-2013-0012970 priority Critical
Priority to KR1020130012970A priority patent/KR101250860B1/en
Application filed by Ессформ Ко., Лтд. filed Critical Ессформ Ко., Лтд.
Priority to PCT/KR2013/007244 priority patent/WO2014123286A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU2606735C1 publication Critical patent/RU2606735C1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G9/00Forming or shuttering elements for general use
    • E04G9/02Forming boards or similar elements
    • E04G9/05Forming boards or similar elements the form surface being of plastics
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/612Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces
    • E04B1/6145Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with recesses in both frontal surfaces co-operating with an additional connecting element
    • E04B1/6162Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with recesses in both frontal surfaces co-operating with an additional connecting element the connection made by an additional locking key
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8647Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with ties going through the forms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8652Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with ties located in the joints of the forms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/06Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for walls, e.g. curved end panels for wall shutterings; filler elements for wall shutterings; shutterings for vertical ducts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G17/00Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structures, or shutterings
    • E04G17/02Connecting or fastening means for non-metallic forming or stiffening elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G17/00Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structures, or shutterings
    • E04G17/06Tying means; Spacers ; Devices for extracting or inserting wall ties
    • E04G17/07Tying means, the tensional elements of which are fastened or tensioned by means of wedge-shaped members
    • E04G17/0707One-piece elements
    • E04G17/0721One-piece elements remaining completely or partially embedded in the cast material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2002/867Corner details
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2002/8688Scaffoldings or removable supports therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/06Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for walls, e.g. curved end panels for wall shutterings; filler elements for wall shutterings; shutterings for vertical ducts
    • E04G11/08Forms, which are completely dismantled after setting of the concrete and re-built for next pouring
    • E04G11/12Forms, which are completely dismantled after setting of the concrete and re-built for next pouring of elements and beams which are mounted during erection of the shuttering to brace or couple the elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G17/00Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structures, or shutterings
    • E04G17/06Tying means; Spacers ; Devices for extracting or inserting wall ties
    • E04G17/075Tying means, the tensional elements of which are fastened or tensioned by other means
    • E04G17/0751One-piece elements
    • E04G17/0754One-piece elements remaining completely or partially embedded in the cast material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G17/00Connecting or other auxiliary members for forms, falsework structures, or shutterings
    • E04G17/06Tying means; Spacers ; Devices for extracting or inserting wall ties
    • E04G2017/0646Tying means; Spacers ; Devices for extracting or inserting wall ties made of a flat strip, e.g. of metal

Abstract

FIELD: manufacturing technology.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to form panel and method for making forms. Form panel, configured to produce the required shape of formwork so, that multiple form panels are located at equal intervals from each other in the direction of their width to set areas of space between them and are continuously and vertically located in the longitudinal direction for concrete mixture pouring. Form panel is made from foam material with possibility of its use as an insulator for concrete mixture pouring. Both edge sections of form panel gave through holes for screed so that the flat screed passes through each through hole for screed. Through hole for screed in form panel has such structure, in which the section of penetration of the body is connected with the section of penetration of the rib, so that screed body and ribs to retain gap pass through the through hole for screed. Also described is a method for making form using form panels.
EFFECT: simplifying the making of form.
8 cl, 5 dwg

Description

FIELD OF TECHNOLOGY

The present invention relates to a formwork board, which is a non-metallic formwork board (cladding sheet) having thermal insulation properties (made, for example, of foams such as polystyrene foam and plastic), used as internal or external insulation of the structure without removing it after laying the concrete mixture wherein the formwork board is made in such a way that it is possible to connect the plurality of formwork boards to each other, and to the method of formwork using opa ubochnye shields. In particular, the invention relates to a formwork board in which there is a recessed groove section having a through hole for the screed, so that the I-beam is mounted on the recessed groove section in such a position that a flat coupler passes through each of the two edges of the plank formwork for vertical walls that are spaced apart at equal intervals in the width direction and at the same time are placed in the same direction in the longitudinal direction for laying the concrete mixture, and to a method for forming a formwork using a shuttering board.

BACKGROUND

Typically, during the construction of structures, a lot of formwork panels forming the wall framework is used to form a wall that determines the appearance of buildings, transverse rods (pipes) are embedded in the concrete mixture between the formwork panels to work as the corresponding structural elements and are simultaneously connected to the hooks using wedges clamps that will be installed along the edges of the shuttering boards and protruding from them to withstand the pressure of concrete between the shuttering boards, or are used construction e materials, such as a flat screed for mounting a reinforcing plate capable of blocking and strengthening the connection assembly between formwork panels.

As an example, the process of constructing a normal building wall is schematically described. First, a plurality of shuttering boards are placed at regular intervals at regular intervals from each other and placed continuously and vertically in the longitudinal direction, and then the concrete mixture is placed in the space between the shuttering boards, after which it is maintained in order to give the vertical wall a finished look.

In addition, the process of laying laminated plywood (boards) in the upper part of the vertical wall is carried out by laying lumber in a horizontal position in the upper part of the vertical wall, then laying plywood on lumber, fixing it with nails, laying concrete mixture in a position where the insulation is (dustproof) polystyrene foam laid on plywood, and then separating and removing lumber and plywood.

Meanwhile, with continuous laying of formwork panels in the longitudinal direction, the length of the wall can be extended in the longitudinal direction, for example, connecting the side parts of the formwork panels with each other using a wire or something similar.

However, since the process of separating and removing formwork panels after keeping the concrete mixture is carried out with known formwork panels, separating and removing formwork panels is a very time-consuming procedure. In addition, since it is necessary to carry out additional installation of new insulating materials to the concrete wall after removing formwork panels, the question arises of the effectiveness of such actions.

Moreover, since in conventional shuttering boards the distribution structure of flat ties and the I-beam are not provided separately, the problem of inconvenience of connecting the flat couplers and the I-beams arises.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Technical problem

Therefore, the present invention was developed taking into account the above problems, and the present invention is the development of a formwork board, which is a non-metallic formwork board (cladding sheet) having thermal insulation properties (made, for example, of foams, such as foam and plastic), used as internal and external insulation of the structure without removing it after laying the concrete mixture, while the shuttering board itself is able to provide convenience and practical I confirm the identity because the shuttering panel itself acts as insulation without having to individually disassemble the shuttering panel after curing of the concrete mix and, consequently, to set the insulation, as well as a method for forming formwork using formwork panel.

In addition, another object of the present invention is to use a formwork board in which there is a recessed groove section having through holes for the couplers, so that the I-beam is mounted on the recessed groove section in such a position that the flat coupler passes through each of the two the edges of a plurality of shuttering boards for vertical walls that are spaced apart at equal intervals in the width direction and are simultaneously continuously and vertically arranged in longitudinal m direction in order to lay concrete mixture, thereby significantly reducing the number of procedures and working time, since the operation of joining formwork panels is easy and quick, thus allowing to increase work efficiency, and the method of forming formwork using a formwork board.

Technical solution

In accordance with an aspect of the present invention, the aforementioned and other tasks can be solved by using a formwork board configured to provide the desired form of the construction formwork so that the plurality of formwork panels are spaced apart from each other at equal intervals in the width direction for determining the space between them and are continuously and vertically placed in the longitudinal direction with the aim of laying concrete mixture, where the shuttering board is made Foam of Lebanon, in order that it can be used as insulation for laying the concrete mix, and through holes for tie located on both edges of the formwork panel so that the flat coupler passed through each through hole screed.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of forming a formwork using a formwork board, including preparing a plurality of formwork panels having through holes for screeding at the edges in order to install the formwork by placing the formwork panels vertically apart from each other at equal intervals in the width direction and continuously placing in the longitudinal direction for laying concrete mixture, while the flat screed is pulled through the through holes for the screed to the opposite edges of the formwork panels, which are continuously positioned in the longitudinal direction, and then the formwork panels are connected using I-rods, connecting the hooks with wedge clamps through the openings of the wedge clamps in flat ties, protruding outward from the formwork panels, establishing transverse support rods to the hooks, and positioning the vertical supporting rods between the transverse supporting rods and the outer surfaces of the formwork panels.

Positive effects

According to the concept of the shuttering board and the method of forming the shuttering using it, the shuttering board is a non-metallic shuttering board (cladding sheet) having thermal insulation properties (made, for example, of foam materials such as polystyrene and plastic) and used as internal and external insulation of the structure without its removal after laying the concrete mixture, and the formwork board itself is able to provide convenience and practicality, because the formwork board itself performs the function of isolation and is not necessary It is necessary to separately remove the shuttering board after the concrete mixture has been aged, and therefore, the installation of insulation is not necessary.

Moreover, since the formwork panel with sections where there are deep grooves has a through hole for the screed, so that the I-beam is installed in the section with the deep groove in the position in which the flat screed passes through each of the two edges of the set of formwork panels vertical walls, which are located separately from each other with the same interval in the width direction and at the same time are equally placed in the longitudinal direction for laying concrete mixture, this allows significantly reduced The number of procedures to be performed and the working time, since the operation of joining the formwork panels in this case is carried out quickly and easily, thereby increasing the efficiency of the work.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The above and other objectives, features and other advantages of the present invention will be easier to understand if you read the detailed description and see the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing one formwork board according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a rear view showing a formwork board according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view illustrating an I-beam for connecting formwork panels according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view schematically showing the state in which the formwork is constructed from formwork panels according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the upper part, which schematically shows the position in which the formwork is formed from formwork panels according to an embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

In the description below, with reference to the attached drawings, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.

As shown in FIG. 1-5, the formwork panel, which is denoted by reference numeral 10, according to an embodiment of the present invention is adapted to shape the formwork in such a way that the plurality of formwork panels are spaced apart from each other with the same spacing in the width direction in order to determine the width of the gap between them and sequentially and vertically distribute along the length of the wall for laying concrete mix.

The formwork board 10 has the shape of a rectangular board and is made of foam to serve as an insulator when laying concrete mix. Through holes 11 for the coupler are located with an edge on both sides of the formwork board 10 so that each flat coupler 20 passes through the corresponding through hole 11.

The screed 20 consists of a screed body 21 and a plurality of protrusions 22 for holding a gap that protrude from one surface of the screed body 21 of the screed 20 in a perpendicular direction to the surface. In the through hole 11 for the screed in the formwork panel 10, there is a penetration section of the body 11a and a penetration section of the protrusion 11b, communicated with each other so that the screed body 21 and the protrusions 22 for holding the gap can pass through it. Accordingly, the through hole 11 of the coupler has the shape of an inverted letter T, that is, the structure is rotated at right angles and lies on its side.

Each section 31 of the edge connection of the I-beam 30 includes a cross section of the edge of the shuttering board 10 and the front and rear surfaces adjacent to it in the form

Figure 00000001
so that the I-beam 30 fits to the shuttering board 10. On both sides of the shuttering board 10 there is a section 12 with a recessed groove that is recessed so that the section 31 of the edge connection of the shelf is flush with the corresponding cross section of the edge and the front and back surfaces of the shuttering shield 10.

In this case, the connecting structure between the flat transverse coupler 20 and the I-beam 30 through the recessed slot 12 is as follows: the protrusions 22 for holding the gap of the flat coupler 20 laid through the through hole 11 of the coupler are spaced apart from the front and back surfaces of the recessed section groove with the same interval; in this case, the portion 31 of the edge connection of the I-beam 30, which is attached to the recessed groove portion 12, is inserted into the gap between the surface of the recessed groove portion 12 and the protrusion 22 to hold the gap, and thus, the protrusions 22 to hold the gap are laid and clamped by the outer surface section 31 of the edge connection of the I-beam 30 in order to fix the flat screed 20.

There are many such sections 12 with a recessed groove along the entire edge of the shuttering board 10. For example, three sections with recessed grooves are concentrated in the central section at both edge sections of the shuttering board 10 at the same distance, and two sections with recessed grooves are located on the upper and lower edge sections of the shuttering board 10.

Each edge section of the shuttering board 10 has a through hole 13 for a pin through which a corresponding I-beam 30 passes to connect the edges of one shuttering board with the edge of the other, continuously located in the longitudinal direction, and a corresponding fixing pin 55 for interconnecting and fastening the edges of the shuttering boards .

In this case, the fastening pin 55 has an elongated rod-like shape and serves to connect the sides of the formwork panels with each other in a rigid position, passing through the through hole 13. The fastening pin 55 can be made of polyvinyl chloride material.

In addition, the shuttering board 10 has a recessed bonding section 14, which is recessed in the central portion of its one surface facing the concreting site in order to improve adhesion to the concrete mixture during its laying.

The central portion of the formwork board 10 has a plurality of central through holes 15 for flat ties 25.

Each flat screed 25 passing through a corresponding central through hole 15 can be fixed with a protrusion 26 to hold the gap of the flat screed 25 with the inner surfaces of the respective central through holes 15 of two formwork panels 10 mounted against each other.

Meanwhile, as shown in FIG. 3 and 5, each individual hook 50 is connected by means of a corresponding wedge clamp 51 through the wedge clamp holes 21a and 25a at both ends of the flat ties 20 and 25, which are located on the outside of the formwork board 10 and, thus, the transverse support rod 52 can be installed on hook 50.

In this case, a separate vertical support rod 53, which serves to give rigidity to the transverse support rod 52, can be placed in the gap between the transverse support rod 52 and the shuttering board 10.

Reference numeral 40 refers to a corner profile serving to connect two formwork panels forming an angle.

Next, a method of forming a formwork using a shuttering board according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the above construction. Firstly, a plurality of formwork panels 10 with through holes 11 at the edges are prepared to form the formwork.

Then the formwork panels 10 are placed in a vertical position against each other with the same interval in the width direction and also continue to be placed along the entire direction of concreting.

Next, the flat cross ties 20 are pulled through the through holes 11 of the opposing formwork panels 10 and so on along the longitudinal direction, and then the formwork panels 10 are connected to each other using I-shaped rods 30.

Next, the hooks 50 are connected by means of wedge clamps 51 through the openings 21a of the wedge clamps in flat cross ties 20, with the protrusion from the formwork panels 10, the transverse support rods 52 are mounted on the hooks 50, and the vertical support rods 53 are installed between the transverse support rods 52 and the outer surfaces of the formwork shields 10. After carrying out all these procedures, the formation of formwork using formwork panels according to the present invention is considered complete.

In addition, an additional flat screed 25 can pass through a central through hole 15 in each shuttering board 10.

In this case, the relationship between each flat coupler 20 and the I-beam 30 through the deep groove portion 12 is as follows: after the flat coupler 20 has passed through each through hole 11 of the coupler so that the protrusions 22 of the flat coupler 20 are spaced apart at an appropriate distance from the front and back surfaces of the recessed groove portion with the same interval, each portion 31 of the edge connection of the I-beam 30 is inserted into the gap between the surface of the recessed groove portion 12 and the udder protrusion 22 making the gap in such a way that the protrusions 22 for holding the gap are located and captured by the outer surface of the portion 31 of the edge connection of the I-beam 30 to fix the flat tie 20.

If there is a central hole 15 in the formwork panel 10, a protrusion 26 is provided in the flat screed 25 to hold the gap, having a structure that captures the inner surface. A flat screed 25 is laid between two distant shuttering boards 10, and a protrusion 26 for holding a gap having a structure capturing the inner surface is grasped by the inner edge portion of the central through hole 15 in the respective shuttering boards 10 mounted against each other. Thus, a distance in the width direction between the central portions of each formwork board 10 can be maintained.

When forming angles, formwork panels 10 are placed at right angles to each other using angle profiles 40. Alternatively, if slabs are arranged, formwork panels for plates (not shown) that are installed horizontally on top of the upper edges of the formwork panels for laying concrete with arrangement of vertical walls 10, then the front sides of formwork boards for slabs and formwork boards for vertical walls are connected using corners 40. Therefore, formwork boards for slabs should be located under straight lines angle.

In this state, when the concrete mixture is placed in the space between the formwork panels 10 and then maintained, it is believed that the specified vertical wall for construction is ready.

As described above, in accordance with the formwork board and the method of formwork using it, the formwork board is a non-metallic formwork board (cladding sheet) having heat-insulating properties (made, for example, of foams such as polystyrene and plastic) and used as internal and external insulation of the structure without removing it after laying the concrete mixture, and the formwork board itself is able to provide convenience and practicality, because the formwork board itself performs the function of insulating tion and no need to separately remove the shuttering panel after curing of the concrete mix and, consequently, establish insulation. In addition, since the formwork panel has sections with recessed grooves and through holes for the screed, and the I-beam is installed in the section with the recessed groove in a position in which a flat coupler passes through each edge of the set of formwork panels for vertical walls that are spaced apart from each other at equal intervals in the width direction and at the same time continuously placed in the longitudinal direction for laying concrete mix, this can significantly reduce the number of proxy procedures and working time, as the operation of connection of shuttering boards is quick and easy, thereby increasing efficiency.

Several embodiments have been described in an advantageous embodiment of the invention. Although exemplary embodiments of the present invention have been provided for educational purposes, those skilled in the art will understand that it is possible to change, add and replace something without deviating from the essence and scope of the present invention disclosed in the claims.

Claims (21)

1. The formwork board, made with the possibility of forming the necessary form of the construction formwork in such a way that a plurality of formwork panels are spaced at equal intervals from each other in the width direction to define sections of the space between them and are placed continuously and vertically in the longitudinal direction for laying concrete mix , moreover:
the shuttering board is made of foam with the possibility of its use as an insulator for laying concrete mix;
through edges of the screed are made in both edge sections of the shuttering board so that a flat screed passes through each through hole for the screed; but
the through hole for the screed in the shuttering board has a structure in which the body penetration portion is in communication with the protrusion penetration portion, so that the screed body and the protrusions for holding the gap pass through the through hole for the screed.
2. The shuttering board according to claim 1, wherein each edge portion of the shuttering board is also equipped with a recessed groove portion, so that each portion of the edge connection of the I-beam, which includes a cross section of the edge of the shuttering board and the front and back surfaces adjacent to it in the shape of
Figure 00000002
with the possibility of landing on the shuttering board, made flush with the cross-section of the edge and the front and rear surfaces of the shuttering board.
3. The formwork panel according to claim 2, in which the connecting structure between the flat coupler and the I-beam through the section with a recessed groove is made as follows:
- the protrusions of the flat coupler to hold the gap passing through the through hole are suitably located at a distance from the front and back surfaces of the section with a recessed groove at equal intervals;
- each section of the edge connection of the I-shaped rod attached to the section with a recessed groove is inserted into the gap between the surface of the section with the recessed groove and the protrusions to hold the gap so that the protrusions for holding the gap are located and captured by the outer surface of the section of the edge connection of the I-shaped rod screeds.
4. The formwork board according to claim 1, wherein each edge portion of the formwork board is also equipped with a through hole through which each I-beam extends to connect the edges of a plurality of formwork panels arranged in a continuous longitudinal direction and each fixing pin to connect the edges of the formwork boards between themselves and their fixation.
5. The formwork board according to claim 1, wherein the formwork board also has a recessed connecting portion in the central portion of its one surface facing the concreting location to improve adhesion to the laid concrete mixture.
6. The shuttering board according to claim 1, wherein the shuttering board has a central through hole made in its central portion such that a flat coupler passes through the central through hole.
7. A method of forming a formwork using a shuttering board, according to which:
preparing a plurality of shuttering boards having through holes in the edge portions to form the building shuttering;
formwork panels are placed in a vertical position at a distance from each other in the width direction at regular intervals and continuously in the longitudinal direction for laying concrete mixture;
flat screeds are passed through through holes for screed on opposite edges of each of the formwork panels continuously placed in the longitudinal direction, and then formwork panels are connected to each other using I-shaped rods;
hooks are connected with wedge clamps through the openings of the wedge clamps in flat ties with a protrusion outward from the formwork panels;
establish transverse support rods on hooks;
place the vertical support rods between the transverse support rods and the outer surfaces of the shuttering boards.
8. The method according to p. 7, in which the relationship between each flat coupler and each of the I-beams through a section with a recessed groove is implemented as follows:
pulling the flat coupler through each of the through-holes of the coupler so that the protrusions of the flat coupler to hold the gap are appropriately spaced apart from the front and back surfaces of the recessed section at equal intervals;
insert each section of the edge connection of the I-beam into the gap between the surface of the recessed groove portion and the protrusions to hold the gap so that the protrusions for holding the gap are located and captured by the outer surface of the edge connection portion of the I-beam to fix the flat tie.
RU2015131479A 2013-02-05 2013-08-12 Form panel and method for form making using said form panel RU2606735C1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR10-2013-0012970 2013-02-05
KR1020130012970A KR101250860B1 (en) 2013-02-05 2013-02-05 Concrete form frame and method for constructing concrete forms using the same
PCT/KR2013/007244 WO2014123286A1 (en) 2013-02-05 2013-08-12 Concrete mold frame and method for making concrete mold using same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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CA2900237A1 (en) 2014-08-14
JP2016501330A (en) 2016-01-18
WO2014123286A1 (en) 2014-08-14
US20150368915A1 (en) 2015-12-24
CN104956010A (en) 2015-09-30
KR101250860B1 (en) 2013-04-05
CN104956010B (en) 2017-03-15

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