RU2470794C2 - Method and device for refining particle board - Google Patents

Method and device for refining particle board Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2470794C2
RU2470794C2 RU2011111759/12A RU2011111759A RU2470794C2 RU 2470794 C2 RU2470794 C2 RU 2470794C2 RU 2011111759/12 A RU2011111759/12 A RU 2011111759/12A RU 2011111759 A RU2011111759 A RU 2011111759A RU 2470794 C2 RU2470794 C2 RU 2470794C2
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
device
upper
applying
resin
lower
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RU2011111759/12A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2011111759A (en
Inventor
Франк ОЛЬДОРФФ
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Флоринг Текнолоджиз Лтд.
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Priority to EP09015939.3 priority Critical
Priority to EP09015939A priority patent/EP2338693B1/en
Application filed by Флоринг Текнолоджиз Лтд. filed Critical Флоринг Текнолоджиз Лтд.
Priority to PCT/EP2010/006146 priority patent/WO2011076305A1/en
Publication of RU2011111759A publication Critical patent/RU2011111759A/en
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Publication of RU2470794C2 publication Critical patent/RU2470794C2/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K5/00Treating of wood not provided for in groups B27K1/00, B27K3/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C1/00Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is applied to the surface of the work by contact with a member carrying the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. a porous member loaded with a liquid to be applied as a coating
    • B05C1/02Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is applied to the surface of the work by contact with a member carrying the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. a porous member loaded with a liquid to be applied as a coating for applying liquid or other fluent material to separate articles
    • B05C1/025Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is applied to the surface of the work by contact with a member carrying the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. a porous member loaded with a liquid to be applied as a coating for applying liquid or other fluent material to separate articles to flat rectangular articles, e.g. flat sheets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C1/00Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is applied to the surface of the work by contact with a member carrying the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. a porous member loaded with a liquid to be applied as a coating
    • B05C1/04Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is applied to the surface of the work by contact with a member carrying the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. a porous member loaded with a liquid to be applied as a coating for applying liquid or other fluent material to work of indefinite length
    • B05C1/08Apparatus in which liquid or other fluent material is applied to the surface of the work by contact with a member carrying the liquid or other fluent material, e.g. a porous member loaded with a liquid to be applied as a coating for applying liquid or other fluent material to work of indefinite length using a roller or other rotating member which contacts the work along a generating line
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C9/00Apparatus or plant for applying liquid or other fluent material to surfaces by means not covered by any preceding group, or in which the means of applying the liquid or other fluent material is not important
    • B05C9/04Apparatus or plant for applying liquid or other fluent material to surfaces by means not covered by any preceding group, or in which the means of applying the liquid or other fluent material is not important for applying liquid or other fluent material to opposite sides of the work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/04Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers
    • B44C5/0469Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers comprising a decorative sheet and a core formed by one or more resin impregnated sheets of paper
    • B44C5/0476Ornamental plaques, e.g. decorative panels, decorative veneers comprising a decorative sheet and a core formed by one or more resin impregnated sheets of paper with abrasion resistant properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05CAPPARATUS FOR APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05C9/00Apparatus or plant for applying liquid or other fluent material to surfaces by means not covered by any preceding group, or in which the means of applying the liquid or other fluent material is not important
    • B05C9/08Apparatus or plant for applying liquid or other fluent material to surfaces by means not covered by any preceding group, or in which the means of applying the liquid or other fluent material is not important for applying liquid or other fluent material and performing an auxiliary operation
    • B05C9/14Apparatus or plant for applying liquid or other fluent material to surfaces by means not covered by any preceding group, or in which the means of applying the liquid or other fluent material is not important for applying liquid or other fluent material and performing an auxiliary operation the auxiliary operation involving heating or cooling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/14Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by the properties of the layers
    • B32B37/24Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by the properties of the layers with at least one layer not being coherent before laminating, e.g. made up from granular material sprinkled onto a substrate
    • B32B2037/243Coating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/50Properties of the layers or laminate having particular mechanical properties
    • B32B2307/554Wear resistance
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2317/00Animal or vegetable based
    • B32B2317/12Paper, e.g. cardboard
    • B32B2317/125Paper, e.g. cardboard impregnated with thermosetting resin
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2471/00Floor coverings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B38/00Ancillary operations in connection with laminating processes
    • B32B38/16Drying; Softening; Cleaning
    • B32B38/162Cleaning
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members

Abstract

FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method and device for refining particle board. Method of refining particle board 2 with decorative finish on one of its sides comprises the following steps. (a) Cleaning particle board top and bottom surfaces. (b) Applying first top layer of pitch containing corundum particles on top surface and first bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (c) Drying top and bottom first layers of pitch to residual moisture of 3% to 6%. (d) Applying second top layer of pitch containing cellulose on top surface and second bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (e) Drying top and bottom second layers of pitch to residual moisture of 3% to 6%. (f) Applying third top layer of pitch containing glass particles on top surface and third bottom layer of pitch on bottom surface. (g) Drying third said layers to residual moisture content of 3%-6%, and (h) compacting layered structure at pressure and temperature.
EFFECT: perfected procedure.
14 cl, 3 dwg

Description

The invention relates to a method for upgrading a chipboard, which has at least a decorative finish on the upper side and / or lower side.

Particleboards of this type are widespread and used in various fields. A particularly large area of application is their use as panels for flooring. First of all, with such use, chipboards equipped with decorative finishes are exposed, primarily due to the attack on them, of a serious load. In order to withstand such a load, the decorative layer should be covered with a protective layer. It consists of a synthetic resin, for example melamine resin, to which various additives are mixed. Due to the various layers deposited on the particleboard, tensile stresses (tensions) arise, which can lead to transverse warping. Therefore, to force the uniform manifestation of these forces on both sides and, thereby, prevent lateral warping, both the upper and lower sides of the chipboard should be coated.

The application of a layer of synthetic resin on a chipboard can occur in different ways. So, for example, it is known to apply synthetic resin in the form of granules or powder on the side of the particleboard to be coated and, if necessary, powder the provided additives. Upon final pressing under the influence of pressure and temperature, the deposited powder melts and forms a homogeneous layer. Naturally, with this method, two-sided coating of chipboard is impossible, since the poured powder lies only on the upper side of the chipboard and only connects to it when pressed.

From EP 1454763 A2, it is known to apply a melamine resin protective layer to a decorative finish on the upper side of a chipboard. At the same time, a protective layer of melamine resin should also be applied to the underside of the chipboard. In this case, the applied resin layers should melt during pressing and, thereby, comprise a decorative finish.

EP 2098304 A2 describes the use of liquid resin, which is applied to both the upper and lower sides of a particleboard.

Based on this statement of the problem, the described method of improving chipboard should be improved.

The solution to the problem is due to the method of the known type with the following stages:

a) cleaning the upper surface and lower surface of the chipboard,

b) applying the first upper resin layer, which contains corundum particles, to the upper side and the first lower resin layer to the lower side of the particleboard,

c) drying the first upper resin layer and the first lower resin layer to a residual moisture content of 3% to 6%,

g) applying a second upper resin layer, which contains cellulose, to the upper side and a second lower resin layer to the lower side of the chipboard,

e) drying the second upper resin layer and the second lower resin layer to a residual moisture content of 3 to 6%,

e) applying at least a third upper resin layer, which contains glass particles, to the upper side and at least a third lower resin layer to the lower side of the particleboard,

g) drying the third upper resin layer and the third lower resin layer to a residual moisture content of 3 to 6%,

h) pressing the layer structure under the influence of pressure and temperature.

By cleaning the upper side and the lower side of the chipboard in the first stage of the method, dust or other contaminants that are deposited during storage or the previous stages of production on the respective sides of the chipboard are reliably removed. This is important in order to ensure that even very thin applied resin layers are applied uniformly and homogeneously on the upper side and that there are no irregularities or inclusions in these layers.

Due to corundum particles in the first upper layer, the abrasion resistance of this layer is increased. This is very important, first of all, when using chipboard as floor panels so that they can withstand the already mentioned loads that the floor panel is subject to. In this case, corundum is present, for example, in the form of a mixture of ordinary silanized corundums of various grain sizes and can simply be added to the resin. The first lower resin layer is applied to the lower side of the particleboard, as a result of which tensile forces acting on the particleboard through the first upper resin layer are compensated. The first lower resin layer may be primarily painted. Additives can be added to both resin layers, such as, for example, hardeners, wetting agents or release agents. Then, the first upper resin layer and the first lower resin layer are dried in order to ensure a clean application of the next resin layer. Drying occurs, for example, with hot air, while the resin dries, and the crosslinking reaction of the melamine resin stops. In this case, water is removed from the coating mass, and its residual moisture is set at about 3-6%. Also, the rest of the applied resin layers are brought to this residual moisture, when dried accordingly.

Cellulose, which is present in the second top layer, is present in standard fibers, which can also be added to the resin layers to be applied. The glass embedded in the third top layer is present in the form of standard microspheres. And they can simply be stored and injected into the resin layer to be applied. The resin layers applied to the underside of the chipboard can be painted. Additives such as hardeners, wetting agents and release agents can be added to all resin layers.

As a result of drying to a residual moisture content of 3 to 6%, the crosslinking process of the applied resin layer is stopped. Upon final pressing under the influence of pressure and temperature, the resin layers melt again, and the crosslinking process continues. Due to this, it is ensured that the individual layers of resin are sewn not only in themselves, but also between each other and, thus, can be pressed into a large laminate. Conventional short-cycle presses operate, for example, at a pressure of 30 to 60 kg / cm2, a temperature on the surface of wood chips of about 165 ° C and a pressing time of 6 to 12 seconds. In this case, the applied layers of melamine resin are sewn together with the decorative finish. If structured pressed sheets are used, in addition to the decorative finish in the resin layers, the structures may also be extruded. They can be made largely congruent with decorative finishes. In this case, we are talking about embossed matching structures.

Preferably, the third top layer of resin contains 20% glass particles. About 5% of the pulp was found to be favorable for the second top layer. The first upper layer contains, first of all, 20% of corundum particles.

Preferably, the upper resin layers and the lower resin layers are applied in an amount of 20 to 50 g / m2. Due to the fact that the melamine resin layers deposited on the upper and lower sides are applied in the same amount, it is simultaneously ensured that the tensile forces arising through the applied layers during drying on the particleboard are mutually destroyed. Thus, the counter-tension arising on the lower side of the particleboard corresponds exactly in the layer structure and in the corresponding layer thickness to the upper side of the layer sequence. Due to this small applied amount of 20 to 50 g / m2, it is simultaneously ensured that, first of all, no sagging occurs on the underside of the chipboard.

The upper resin layers and the lower resin layers may contain a 60% synthetic resin solution.

Under the decorative finish of the chipboard to be improved, primer and primer can be applied. Decorative finishes were imprinted on this primer and coated. As an alternative to this, the decorative finish can be applied to the chipboard in the form of a glued layer of decorative paper.

A device for improving chipboard, wherein at least one upper side and / or one lower side of the chipboard has a decorative finish, according to the invention contains the following:

a) a first device for applying a double-sided coating,

b) located in the processing direction behind the first device for applying a double-sided coating, the first drying device,

C) located in the processing direction behind the first drying device, the second device for applying a double-sided coating,

g) located in the processing direction behind the second device for applying a double-sided coating of the second drying device,

d) at least one third device for applying a double-sided coating located in the processing direction behind the second drying device,

e) at least one third drying device located in the processing direction behind at least one third application device; and

g) short-cycle press,

wherein each device for applying a double-sided coating contains an upper device for applying a resin layer on the upper side of the chipboard and a lower device for applying a resin layer on the lower side of the chipboard, and each upper coating device and each lower coating device has a mixing tank, in which the resin to be applied is miscible with at least one additive.

Chipboards equipped with decorative finishes are introduced into such a device. In at least three double-sided coating devices, the upper and lower sides of the chipboard are simultaneously coated with a resin layer. This reduces manufacturing time and thereby reduces manufacturing costs. Thanks to the drying devices provided for the double-sided coating devices, in which the particleboard that has just been coated with the resin is dried to the desired residual moisture, for example, hot air, the application of the first resin layer is quickly ensured and the cross-linking of the applied resin layers is interrupted in advance. Intermediate storage of resin coated chipboard to dry the resin layers or to turn the chipboard over to the other side is no longer required.

Due to the fact that both each upper coating device and each lower coating device have a mixing tank in which the resin to be applied is miscible with the desired additives, it is first of all possible to carry out quick regulation in both directions between different requirements to the product, for example the desired abrasion class. There is no need for long-term readjustment or maintenance in the availability of large quantities of various mixtures of resin and additives. This significantly reduces the amount of content in the readiness of the amount of material, as well as the area occupied by the installation. At the same time, the coordination of various product properties, for example, surface smoothness, acid resistance or abrasion resistance, can occur quickly and easily. In addition, it is possible to use highly reactive resin mixtures, since intermediate storage of the resin-coated chipboard is no longer required, and continuous processing takes place. Due to this, the tact cycle time of the short-stroke press is also clearly reduced, as a result of which, again, manufacturing costs are reduced.

The device according to the invention preferably has a storage battery with several receivers, in which the resin and additives to be applied are stored separately from each other, and supply pipelines from the receivers to the mixing tanks. According to them, the resin and additives can be supplied to the mixing tanks separately from each other and only there can be mixed into the desired resin layer to be applied.

First of all, the device may have a control unit, which is designed so that it regulates the amount supplied through the supply pipelines to the mixing tanks of resin and additives. Thus, it is possible to automatically coordinate the various properties of the product and the amount of applied resin or additives.

In addition, each top coating device may be a roll mill. This ensures a constant and precisely adjustable layer thickness. In addition, in this way, the applied layers are applied very uniformly and evenly.

Hose pumps may be provided to pump the contents of the mixing tanks into the respective upper and lower coating devices. Due to this, the service life of the device is increased up to 20 times compared with the use of diaphragm pumps. In addition, the hoses of the hose pumps with the quick change system can be easily and quickly replaced if necessary, resulting in a markedly reduced time for maintenance and repair.

Before each device for applying a double-sided coating, preferably, at least one chipboard clip can be installed. With it, the chipboard deformations that occur under certain circumstances can be eliminated, and the chipboard to be coated can be precisely brought to the appropriate device for applying a double-sided coating.

For transporting chipboard inside the device, a transport device with acute-angled elements is used in the form of transport chains with acute-angled elements, which themselves are strong and not subject to damage and ensure high quality of the surface of the coated chipboard resin. Pointed elements can be automatically cleaned with cleaning brushes.

In this case, the transmission of chipboard from the device for applying a double-sided coating to the transport chain and vice versa occurs through roller washers. At the entrance to the device for applying a double-sided coating or drying device, the already described clamps in the form of roller washers are additionally used.

The chipboard refinement device may additionally have other devices for applying a double-sided coating, with which the total layer thickness, as well as the number and content of functional additives, can be increased. In this way, products can be manufactured that can be declared for higher classes of use. The same applies to the method according to the invention, in which more than three layers of resin can also be applied to the upper and lower sides of the particleboard to be coated.

If an electric, primarily computer-controlled, control system is used to control the device described here, it is possible to achieve high reproducibility of the applied resin layers, since both the content of the resin and additives in the mixture and temperature control devices, such as drying plants and a short-cycle press, are automatically controlled . Due to this, a high level of quality of manufactured products is achievable. In addition, by controlling the amounts of applied resin on the upper and / or lower side, various states of curvature of the particleboard to be coated can be automatically compensated for, which may occur as a result of applying various primers and decorative layers.

Next, a constructive example of a device according to the invention is explained in more detail in the drawings. Shown on:

figure 1 is a schematic top view of a structural example of a device according to the invention,

figure 2 is a schematic top view of a device for applying a double-sided coating,

figure 3 is a section along the line aa in figure 2.

Figure 1 shows a device according to the invention in a schematic view from above. Chipboards 2 to be upgraded in FIG. 1 are inserted into the device from the top right. First, in the cleaning device 4, the upper and lower sides of the chipboard 2 are cleaned. Then, the chipboard 2 is fed to the first device 6 for applying a two-sided coating. The first device for applying a double-sided coating 6 has an upper device 8 for coating and a lower device 10 for coating, which in the shown structural example are made in the form of applying rollers. In these application rollers, a resin layer is applied to the upper side and the lower side of the particleboard to be coated.

After the chipboard 2 passes through the first double-sided coating device 6, they reach the first drying device 12. Here, the resin layers deposited in the first double-sided coating device 6 are dried to a residual moisture content of 3 to 6%.

Due to lack of space and for reasons of clarity, the second device for applying a double-sided coating is not shown in figure 1. It is in the processing direction V, which is indicated in FIG. 1 by a small arrow, adjacent to the first drying device 12.

1, in the processing direction V, a device 14 for applying a double-sided coating follows. It is identical to the first device 6 for applying a double-sided coating. After the chipboard 2 has passed the third double-sided coating device 14, in the third drying device 16, the resin layers deposited in the third double-sided coating device 14 are dried to a residual moisture content of 3 to 6%. Then, the chipboard passes only in the quadrangles of the intermediate stacking processing station 18, pressing in the short-cycle press 20, and also the quality control station 22, designated in FIG.

Both the first double-sided coating device 6 and the second double-sided coating device 14 have two mixing tanks 24, respectively, of which one is attached to the upper coating device 8 and the other to the lower coating device 10. In these mixing tanks 24, the resin to be coated is mixed with the desired additives in the respective coating devices 8, 10.

These additives are stored separately from each other in the storage battery 26. Each of these storage tanks 28 is connected through the supply pipe 30 to the mixing tanks 24. Through these supply pipes 30, the desired additives are fed into the mixing tanks 24.

The number of individual additives in FIG. 1 is controlled by an electric control unit 32, which is connected via control lines 34 to both the storage battery 26 and the mixing tanks 24. This ensures a high level of quality and high reproducibility of the deposited resin layers.

1, both the first double-sided coating device 6 and the third double-sided coating device 14 are mounted on the rails 36. The same applies to all double-sided coating devices. In this way they can be extended and later retracted for maintenance or repair, or if they are not required for the desired coating.

Figure 2 shows a schematic top view of the device 6, 14 shown in figure 1 for applying a double-sided coating. Particleboard 2 is fed in the direction of processing V to the device 6, 14 for applying a double-sided coating. The shown device 6, 14 for applying a double-sided coating has an upper device 8 for applying a coating, which in Fig. 2 is made in the form of a coating roll. The same applies to the lower device 10 for coating, which in figure 2, as already not shown in figure 1. The device 6, 14 for applying a two-sided coating in figure 2 has two mixing tanks 24, of which the right is attached to the upper device 8 for coating. Using the mixing device 38, a mixture of synthetic resin and additives desired for the upper coating device 8 is made therein. Through the supply lines not shown, additives for this mixture from the storage tanks 28 of the storage battery 26 in FIG. 1 are fed into the mixing tanks 24. In this case, both the level and the temperature of the mixture are recorded using sensors 40. The material mixed in the right mixing tank 24 is supplied via a hose pump 42 via inlet pipes 44 to the upper coating device 8.

Figure 3 shows a section along the line aa in figure 2. The upper coating device 8 and the lower coating device 10 are made in the form of application rollers, which respectively have an application roller 46 and a metering roller 48. Along the supply pipes 44, which in FIG. 3, as in FIG. 2, are provided with an arrow on at the end, the material to be applied mixed into the mixing tank 24 is introduced between the application roller 46 and the metering roller 48. The application roller 46 is applied to the upper side or the lower side of the introduced particleboard 2. The particleboard is transported as d, and behind the device 6, 14 for applying a double-sided coating by the so-called transport device 50 with acute-angle elements. Due to the fact that this device 50 has only small, very small in terms of surface area points of contact with the chipboard 2, good quality of the already coated chipboard is ensured. The individual acute-angle elements 52 are cleaned by automatic cleaning brushes 54.

To ensure reproducible and accurate supply of chipboard 2 to the coating device 6, 14, clamps 56 can be installed in front of and behind the respective coating devices 8, 10.

This ensures that the layers on the upper and lower sides of the chipboard 2 can be applied in a reproducible manner and accurately.

1-3, other devices for applying a double-sided coating, not shown, are structurally identical. According to the rails shown in figure 1, they can be simply and without large costs introduced into the production line or removed from it. And due to this, it is also possible simple and quick re-equipment of the device for upgrading chipboard with a different layer structure.

REFERENCE NUMBERS

2 Chipboard four Cleaning device 6 The first device for applying double-sided coating 8 Top Coater 10 Bottom coating device 12 First drying device fourteen Third Double Coater 16 Third drying device eighteen Stacking Station twenty Short press 22 Quality control station 24 Mixing tank 26 Storage battery 28 Storage tank thirty Supply pipe 32 Electric control unit 34 Control line 36 Rails 38 Mixing device 40 Sensors 42 Hose pump 44 Material supply pipe 46 Application roller 48 Dosing roller fifty Acute angle transport device 52 Acute angle element 54 Cleaning brush 56 Clip V Processing direction

Claims (14)

1. The method of refinement of a particleboard (particleboard) (2), which has at least on the upper side and / or lower side a decorative finish, which includes the following steps: (a) cleaning the upper side and lower side of the particleboard (2 ), (b) applying the first upper resin layer, which contains corundum particles, to the upper side and the first lower resin layer to the lower side of the chipboard (2), (c) drying the first upper resin layer and the first lower resin layer to a residual moisture content of 3 % to 6%, (g) applying a second top layer of resin, which with holds cellulose on the upper side and the second lower resin layer on the lower side of the chipboard (2), (e) drying the second upper resin layer and the second lower resin layer to a residual moisture content of 3% to 6%, (e) applying at least a third the upper resin layer, which contains glass particles, on the upper side and at least the third lower resin layer on the lower side of the chipboard (2), (g) drying the third upper resin layer and the third lower resin layer to a residual moisture content of 3% to 6% , (h) pressing the layer structure under the influence of pressure and temperatures cheers.
2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the third top layer of resin contains about 20% glass.
3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the second upper resin layer contains about 5% cellulose.
4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the first upper resin layer contains about 20% corundum particles.
5. The method according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the upper resin layers and the lower resin layers are applied in an amount of from 20 to 50 g / m 2 .
6. The method according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the upper resin layers and the lower resin layers contain a 60% solution of synthetic resin.
7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that under the decorative finish to be improved chipboard (2), a primer and a primer were applied, and the decorative finish was imprinted on the primer and coated.
8. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the decorative finish was applied to the chipboard (2) in the form of a glued layer of decorative paper.
9. Device for decorating chipboard (2), with at least the upper side and / or lower side of chipboard (2) having a decorative finish, with (a) the first device (6) for applying a two-sided coating, (b) located in the direction (V) processing after the first device (6) for applying two-sided coating with a drying device (12), (c) located in the direction (V) processing after the first drying device (12) with a second device for applying double-sided coating, (g) located in the direction (V) processing after the second device for n carrying a double-sided coating with a second drying device, (e) at least one third-layer coating device (14) located in the processing direction (V) behind the second drying device, (e) at least one processing a third device (14) for applying a double-sided coating with a third drying device (16), and (g) a short-cycle press (20), each device for applying a double-sided coating contains an upper device (8) for applying a layer of resin on the upper side of the chipboard (2) and the lower device (10) for applying a resin layer to the lower side of the chipboard (2), and each upper coating device (8) and each lower coating device (10) respectively have a mixing tank ( 24), in which the resin to be applied is miscible with at least one additive.
10. The device according to claim 9, characterized by a storage battery (26) with several tanks (28), in which the resin and additives to be applied are stored separately from each other, and supply pipelines (30) from storage tanks (28) to the mixing tanks (24).
11. The device according to claim 10, characterized by a control unit (32), which is designed to control the amount supplied by the supply piping (30) to the mixing tanks (24) of resin and additives.
12. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that each of the upper coating device (8) and each lower coating device (10) are roller drums.
13. The device according to claim 9, characterized by hose pumps (42) for pumping the contents of the mixing tanks (24) into the corresponding upper coating devices (8) and lower coating devices (10).
14. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that at least one clip (56) for the chipboard (2) is installed in front of each device for applying a two-sided coating.
RU2011111759/12A 2009-12-23 2010-10-08 Method and device for refining particle board RU2470794C2 (en)

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EP09015939A EP2338693B1 (en) 2009-12-23 2009-12-23 Method and device for finishing a composite wood board
PCT/EP2010/006146 WO2011076305A1 (en) 2009-12-23 2010-10-08 Method and device for finishing a wood-based board

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RU2011111759A (en) 2012-10-10
AU2010310909B2 (en) 2012-11-01
JP2012510393A (en) 2012-05-10
US20130291792A1 (en) 2013-11-07
EP2338693B1 (en) 2012-06-06
CN102171057B (en) 2013-09-11
US8512804B2 (en) 2013-08-20
BRPI1013273A8 (en) 2016-10-11
MX2011003526A (en) 2011-08-05
WO2011076305A1 (en) 2011-06-30
PT2338693E (en) 2012-08-17
PL2338693T3 (en) 2012-10-31
CA2739124C (en) 2015-06-30
AU2010310909A1 (en) 2011-07-07
ES2388768T3 (en) 2012-10-18
UA101058C2 (en) 2013-02-25
BRPI1013273A2 (en) 2016-04-05
CN102171057A (en) 2011-08-31
EP2338693A1 (en) 2011-06-29
US20110217463A1 (en) 2011-09-08
KR20110100212A (en) 2011-09-09
CA2739124A1 (en) 2011-06-23
ZA201103266B (en) 2012-09-26

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