RU2054402C1 - Device for production of biohumus - Google Patents

Device for production of biohumus Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2054402C1
RU2054402C1 SU5048318/15A SU5048318A RU2054402C1 RU 2054402 C1 RU2054402 C1 RU 2054402C1 SU 5048318/15 A SU5048318/15 A SU 5048318/15A SU 5048318 A SU5048318 A SU 5048318A RU 2054402 C1 RU2054402 C1 RU 2054402C1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
worms
pallet
pallets
tray
walls
Prior art date
Application number
SU5048318/15A
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Russian (ru)
Inventor
Андрей Леонидович Останин
Леонид Петрович Останин
Original Assignee
Андрей Леонидович Останин
Леонид Петрович Останин
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Андрей Леонидович Останин, Леонид Петрович Останин filed Critical Андрей Леонидович Останин
Priority to SU5048318/15A priority Critical patent/RU2054402C1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU2054402C1 publication Critical patent/RU2054402C1/en

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    • Y02A40/208

Abstract

FIELD: agriculture. SUBSTANCE: device comprises a tray with a netted bottom and side walls with flanges. Trays are disposed vertically one on top of another. Upper tray has a cover in the form of flexible roof. The side walls of trays at the bottom have two rows of holes for passing a netted cord. Both rows of holes are set at different angles to the surface of the tray bottom and are offset from each other. The lower tray is mounted on a base. The trays are of wood and are grouped into modules, three trays in each, and the modules have a common support. EFFECT: improved design. 6 cl, 5 dwg

Description

 The invention relates to methods of cultivation of worms with the aim of obtaining environmentally friendly fertilizer, protein feed and culture for their breeding in piles, stocks, boxes, stacks.
 There is a box-based method for breeding worms in which the amount of substrate and worms in a box is limited in volume and weight. In this regard, it is the least labor-intensive of the existing ones, lends itself to mechanization and automation. However, the amount of substrate limited by the space of the box imposes a limit on the number of worms in it and on the time they process the substrate. An increase in the number of worms, on the one hand, leads to a reduction in processing time, and on the other hand, to a reduction in the reproduction process. Thus, an increase in the worm population occurs not according to geometric progression, but arithmetic, which reduces the productivity of the production of worms as commercial products by several times. Another disadvantage of the maintenance of worms in both the litter and in the boxes is the complexity of separating the processed substrate from the worms. To do this, additional devices such as cones and uncomfortable methods of distilling the worms into a narrow part are used to release a wide part from the processed substrate (light exposure, vibration, electric current), or they worm out the substrate mechanically, which is a laborious process with a high level of injury to the worms.
 The prototype is a method of growing earthworms, in which there is no drawback of the box method, since the use of several pallets increases the volume of the substrate and extends the temporal capabilities of the breeding process. However, the problem of separating the substrate from the worms has not been solved, since the holes in the bottom of the pallets require certain horizontal horizontal gaps between them to maintain the integrity of the bottom and hold the substrate, which imposes restrictions on the freedom of vertical movement of worms, especially young ones, at different levels. This affects the reproduction of the worms and leads to the fact that they are in their volume of the substrate filling the pallets.
 In addition, the presence of a moisture control tray can lead to over-wetting of the lower tray and the appearance of fungus, and the presence of holes in the bottom of the tray can cause the worms to go into the tray to control humidity and reduce productivity.
 The disadvantage of the prototype is also the fact that, in addition to food for worms (substrate), peat moss (sphagnum) is also needed, which is used to create a habitat for worms saturated with air. This is dictated by the use of an airtight material for the pallet and makes it necessary to introduce additional elements into the device that provide gaps between the side walls of the pallets (supporting ears, buttons, etc.).
 The aim of the invention is to increase the productivity of the method of cultivation of worms.
 The goal is achieved by the fact that in the method of cultivating worms, including the operation of introducing the worms into the pallet, periodically placing the material and removing contents from the pallets, exchanging the lower pallet with the upper one, as the worms eat up the nutrient material, the lower pallet is periodically removed to extract vermicompost, lowering it to its place a higher pallet above it, and a pallet of nutrient material is placed upstairs. To regenerate the working population of the worm culture, they put up a tray with nutritious material for a time sufficient to lure strong individuals. The device on which the method is carried out contains many wooden pallets having side walls with flanges mounted vertically on top of each other and filled with nutrient material, worms and their processed products. The bottom pan is mounted on the base. Each pallet has a mesh bottom and is equipped with a flexible roof. To form a mesh bottom in the walls of the pallets, closer to their bottom, two rows of holes for pulling the mesh cord are made, located at different angles to the surface of the bottom of the pallet and offset relative to each other.
 As a result of a comparative analysis, it was found that the claimed technical solution does not contain distinctive signs that match the features of the prototype, and therefore meets the criteria of "Novelty" and "Significant differences".
 So, the set of features of the device "a lot of pallets having side walls with flanges, mounted vertically on top of each other and filling with nutritious material, worms and products of their processing" with the sign "the bottom of each pallet is mesh" allows you to remove restrictions on the freedom of vertical movement of worms, especially young ones, at various levels, which means that it removes the restrictions on their nutrition and reproduction, thereby increasing the productivity of the method. Due to the presence of a mesh bottom, the division of the nutrient material into layers limited by the volume of each pallet is conditional, at the same time, this division exists and makes the work on the implementation of the method less time-consuming.
 The set of features of the method "as the worms eat up the nutrient material, the lower pallet is periodically removed to extract biohumus, the pallet higher than it is lowered in its place, and the pallet with the nutrient material is placed at the top" and the device sign "the bottom of each pallet is mesh" allows you to periodically add it to the upper part of the device new portions of the nutrient material, leave the processed underlying layers to the worms and remove the processed substrate (biohumus, ready for sale) from the bottom of the device ation), free from worms. This creates the possibility of 100% separation of the substrate from the worms by the proposed method.
 In this case, the supply of the side walls of the pallets closer to their bottom with two rows of holes for pulling the mesh cord, made at different angles to the surface of the bottom of the pallet and offset relative to each other, allows not only to prevent chipping of the edges of the side walls of the pallets during their manufacture, but also to stretch the mesh cord flush with the lower ends of the side walls of the pallets, which prevents the formation of an air gap between the nutrient material located in each pallet when they are installed on each other, which ensures the efficiency of the method.
 The feature of the invention, which consists in installing the pallet with nutrient material up for a time sufficient to lure strong individuals, allows you to select the strongest and most active individuals in the upper pan and, without separating them from the substrate, reintroduce them, which is a measure of regeneration of the working culture of the worm and is performed in order to maintain the productivity of the method at the same level or to increase it.
 Introducing new nutrient material into the pallet and setting it up, it is possible to achieve the adaptation of worms to new types of feed and thereby expand the technological capabilities of the method.
 The implementation of pallets made of natural wood material allows you to create a habitat for worms, saturated with air. The arrangement of pallets in modules of three is determined by the advisability of breeding worms. The presence of a flexible roof in the upper pan and the location of the lower pan on the base prevent worms from escaping and maintain moisture conditions.
 The location of the modules on a common rack is due to the limited volume of rooms and the convenience of the method.
 In FIG. 1 shows a device by which a method for cultivating worms is implemented, general view; in FIG. 2, section AA in FIG. 1; in FIG. 3 section BB in FIG. 1; in FIG. 4 weaving the mesh bottom of the pallet; in FIG. 5 general rack of the device with pallets integrated into modules.
 The method is implemented using a device consisting of many pallets 1 mounted vertically on top of each other, united by three in a module located on the base 2. The modules can be located on a common rack 3. The dimensions of the rack and the number of modules are determined by the height of the room and the convenience of working with them. The upper pallet 1 is provided with a flexible roof 4 made, for example, of polyethylene or paper. In the side walls of the pallets 1, openings 5 are made at an angle to their surface for pulling the mesh cord 6, by means of which a mesh bottom 7 is formed, designed to hold the nutrient material with worms 8 when removing the pallet. The side walls 9 are provided with flanges 10.
 The relatively large volume of the module of three pallets 1, for example 443x686x486 mm, allows you to save moisture in the contents of the pallets 1 without the use of additional devices. Flexible roof 4 prevents the evaporation of moisture from the contents of the upper pallet 1, and when moving the upper pallet 1 down to the middle one, it is folded in the form of a roller and does not complicate subsequent work operations with the pallet 1. On the side walls 9 of the pallet 1 closer to its bottom 7 two a series of holes 5, which are located at different angles to the surface of the bottom 7 of the pallet 1. In the holes 5, a mesh cord 6 is drawn, which forms a mesh bottom 7. The base 2 prevents the recycled substrate from spilling out of the lower pallet 1 of the module through mesh bottom 7.
 The device can be made of environmentally friendly materials, for example pallets 1 of the base 2 of hardwood, mesh cord 6 of synthetic twine, flexible roof 4 of polyethylene or paper.
 A method of cultivating worms involves the operation of introducing worms with nutrient material into the lower tray. As the nutritious material is eaten by the worms and settles, it is periodically added from above with layers, while moisturizing. Worms from the lower layers of the contents of the pan move up to the feed, in the lower part there is a processed substrate: caprolites of vermicompost worms. As the first pallet is filled, the next pallet is installed, where the layer of nutrient material is again filled and where worms rush through the net bottom. The high permeability of the mesh bottom allows them to freely move to new layers of nutrient material and release the lower layers of the processed substrate. As the second pallet is filled, the third is installed. During the processing of the nutrient material in the upper pan all the worms manage to crawl from the lower to the upper pan and only a small part of them are in the middle pan. The lower pallet is retracted, the middle pallet becomes lower, and the upper pallet becomes middle. The lower tray is freed from the contents (biohumus, ready for sale), is installed in place of the upper tray and is loaded with a new layer of nutrient material. Thus, pallets with a substrate move from top to bottom, and worms from bottom to top.
 The multiplied worm population is divided for the purpose of regenerating the working population by setting up a pallet with nutrient material for a time sufficient to lure strong individuals, after which this pallet is removed, and another is put in its place. After the remaining worms crawl, the upper tray is removed and the worms with the substrate are sold as commercial products. Strong individuals, along with the substrate, are returned to the working cycle.

Claims (6)

 1. DEVICE FOR PRODUCING BIOGUMUS, containing pallets with a mesh bottom and side walls with flanges mounted vertically on top of each other, the upper pallet has a lid, characterized in that in the side walls of the pallets at the bottom there are two rows of holes for pulling the mesh cord, while both rows of holes are made at different angles to the bottom surface of the pallet and are offset relative to each other.
 2. The device according to p. 1, characterized in that the cover is made in the form of a flexible roof.
 3. The device according to p. 1, characterized in that the lower pallet is placed on the base.
 4. The device according to paragraphs. 1 and 3, characterized in that the pallets are made of wood.
 5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the pallets form modules of three pallets each.
 6. The device according to paragraphs. 1 and 5, characterized in that the modules have a common rack.
SU5048318/15A 1992-07-17 1992-07-17 Device for production of biohumus RU2054402C1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SU5048318/15A RU2054402C1 (en) 1992-07-17 1992-07-17 Device for production of biohumus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SU5048318/15A RU2054402C1 (en) 1992-07-17 1992-07-17 Device for production of biohumus

Publications (1)

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RU2054402C1 true RU2054402C1 (en) 1996-02-20

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SU5048318/15A RU2054402C1 (en) 1992-07-17 1992-07-17 Device for production of biohumus

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003007701A3 (en) * 2001-07-14 2003-05-01 Seabait Ltd Aquaculture of marine worms
RU171474U1 (en) * 2016-09-13 2017-06-01 федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Санкт-Петербургский горный университет" MOBILE DEVICE FOR ORGANIC FERTILIZER

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Патент Франции N 2594434, кл. C 05F 9/04, 1987. *

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003007701A3 (en) * 2001-07-14 2003-05-01 Seabait Ltd Aquaculture of marine worms
GB2383934A (en) * 2001-07-14 2003-07-16 Seabait Ltd Aquaculture of marine worms
GB2383934B (en) * 2001-07-14 2003-11-26 Seabait Ltd Aquaculture of marine worms
US7004109B2 (en) 2001-07-14 2006-02-28 Seabait Limited Aquaculture of marine worms
US7156048B2 (en) 2001-07-14 2007-01-02 Seabait Limited Aquaculture of marine worms
RU171474U1 (en) * 2016-09-13 2017-06-01 федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Санкт-Петербургский горный университет" MOBILE DEVICE FOR ORGANIC FERTILIZER

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MM4A The patent is invalid due to non-payment of fees

Effective date: 20060718