RU173725U1 - Decorative souvenir device - Google Patents

Decorative souvenir device Download PDF

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Publication number
RU173725U1
RU173725U1 RU2017103529U RU2017103529U RU173725U1 RU 173725 U1 RU173725 U1 RU 173725U1 RU 2017103529 U RU2017103529 U RU 2017103529U RU 2017103529 U RU2017103529 U RU 2017103529U RU 173725 U1 RU173725 U1 RU 173725U1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
truncated pyramids
cube
bases
souvenir
pyramids
Prior art date
Application number
RU2017103529U
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Роберт Борисович Покровский
Original Assignee
Роберт Борисович Покровский
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Publication date
Application filed by Роберт Борисович Покровский filed Critical Роберт Борисович Покровский
Priority to RU2017103529U priority Critical patent/RU173725U1/en
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Publication of RU173725U1 publication Critical patent/RU173725U1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • A63H33/22Optical, colour, or shadow toys

Abstract

The utility model relates to carriers of three-dimensional images based on transparent materials, can be used as art, souvenir and demonstration products, entertaining optical toys, and is aimed at developing imaginative spatial thinking. The indicated technical result is achieved by creating a decorative souvenir device made in the form a cube-shaped polyhedron, including at least 6 polyhedra made in the form of regular 4-angular truncated pyramids, large which are made of Fresnel type flat lenses over the area corresponding to the large base of the pyramid, while the polyhedra are fastened together along the edges of the truncated pyramids, while ensuring the formation of a cube whose faces are the large bases of the truncated pyramids and, inside it, a small cube whose faces are the small bases of the truncated pyramids. The small bases of the truncated pyramids are made with fastening means for the displayed objects, information blocks, sound information, and the ratio of the base areas of each of the truncated pyramids is used equal to 1: 5-6. Usually 7-fold flat Fresnel lenses are used, and the truncated pyramids are made of flexible plastic with a thickness of at least 0.5 mm.

Description

This utility model relates to carriers of three-dimensional images based on transparent materials and can be used, in particular, as an art, souvenir and demonstration product, as well as used as an entertaining optical toy that develops spatial imagery.
A well-known developing spatial-spatial thinking toy containing a set of game elements, each of which has at least one playing surface, while game elements in the form of isosceles right-angled triangles with a colored and / or coated playing surface are assembled on a blank of compliant material , divided by fold lines into isosceles rectangular triangles equal to the game elements, covered with sheet transparent material in the form of isosceles equal to the game elements nnyh angled triangles, only one of the three sides which are not durable compound with the workpiece material. In this case, the components of the set can be made of wood, natural and / or artificial stone, plastic and any other sheet material in the form of isometric isosceles right-angled triangles. [US Pat. RF №2453350, A63F 3/00, publ. 06/20/2012].
The disadvantage of this toy device is the limited number of information fields and limited capabilities as a demonstration product.
As a prototype, a demonstration cube containing a multilayer pattern inside it of anamorphic type was taken.
The cube is a monolithic transparent cube with anamorphic patterns. The size of the cube is 35 × 35 × 35 centimeters made of transparent acrylic and consists of 216 small rectangular parallelepipeds, on each face of which a fragment of the drawing is applied. When the cube is assembled, when looking directly at the plane of the cube, only one drawing is clearly visible. And each time, turning the sculpture 90 degrees, you can see a different picture. On opposite sides, the contours of the patterns are repeated, because superfluous elements of a distant drawing would still be perfectly visible. With a smooth change in the viewing angle of the sculpture, all the drawings inside seem to “crumble” into parts and assemble again into something new. The idea of a glass cube, inside which the craftsmen place a multi-layer drawing is not new; but the Austrian designer Thomas Medicus complicated this technique in his own way, adding an interesting artistic illusion realized in the drawings.
[www.4insight.pro/ru/art/anamorfnyj-risunok-v-kube].
The disadvantage of this design is the complexity of its reproduction (216 polygons), moreover, the disadvantage is that it is impossible to observe real volumetric objects inside a cube in real space, which complicates its use as an object that develops imaginative spatial thinking.
The task of creating this utility model is to create an optical system that allows more efficient use of the internal space of the polyhedron for visual observation of objects within its volume and simplification of its design.
The problem is solved by creating a decorative souvenir device made in the form of a polyhedron in the form of a cube, including at least 6 polyhedrons made in the form of regular 4-angled truncated pyramids, large bases of which are made of flat Fresnel type lenses corresponding in area to a large base pyramids, while the polyhedra are fastened together along the edges of the truncated pyramids, while ensuring the formation of a cube whose faces are the large bases of the truncated pyramids and, laid inside it, a small cube whose faces are the small bases of truncated pyramids.
It is advisable to carry out small bases of truncated pyramids with fastening means for the displayed objects, information blocks, sound information.
Usually 7-fold flat Fresnel lenses are used, and the truncated pyramids are made of flexible plastic, not less than 0.5 mm thick.
Mostly the ratio of the base areas of each of the truncated pyramids is used equal to 1: 5-6.
The proposed technical solution, a decorative souvenir device, is illustrated in FIG. 1-3.
Figure 1 - presents an example of a structural embodiment of the inventive device, its General view.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of one of the cells in the form of a truncated pyramid assembled from the blank of FIG. 3
On Fig 3 is a General view of the scan of one of the blanks for the manufacture of a truncated pyramid.
The proposed device contains a main frame in the form of a cube composed of six hollow cells made in the form of truncated pyramids, on the small bases of which are mounted objects of observation, one cell for each face of the cube, six square flat Fresnel lenses made of transparent plastic in the form of a square, combined with a common frame, like the faces of a cube, and through which you can observe the objects located in the cells in the dynamics of real space. A general view of the blank for cells is shown in FIG. 3. The blanks are divided by lines of folds into isometric isosceles trapeziums and are made of any thin plastic material that is at least 0.5 mm thick and flexible. The device is manufactured as follows.
Cut in shape and size, the preform (Fig. 3) is assembled along the cut line, forming a truncated polyhedron-cell (truncated pyramid) in an amount of at least 6 pieces, which are then glued into one common cube frame with ribs. Then sequentially fix any objects on the small bases of the pyramid cells and cover all six external faces of the cube with lenses. Fresnel. We get a cube with objects inside its hypervolume.
Lenses allow you to see the inner cell as a separate full cube. In general, looking at a cube through each face lens, we will see new individual cubes with objects inside. In other words, the space of the proposed cube due to the lenses has increased six times, and the entire object is closed by eight cubes.
In the latest embodiment of the proposed device, a cube frame with a side of 7 × 7 cm was used, all six faces of which are flat Fresnel lenses 7 × 7 cm, magnified seven times, one lens per face. In such a hollow cube, one lens of each face reproduces the full internal space of the cube. Considering that the faces of the cube are composed of six flat lenses, the cube as a whole reproduces six full cubic spaces that are unconnected. This makes it possible to place not one object inside the cube, but six.
In the proposed embodiment, a flat, 1 mm thick composite composite Fresnel lens of 7x magnification was used. Such small step surfaces are technologically feasible by extrusion from plastics with high optical transparency, for example polymethyl methacrylate.
The proposed workpiece size of 3-7 cm in the side of the base of the trapezoid does not limit the device to its basic dimensions. The proposed optimal ratio of the areas of the base of the pyramids is 1: 5-6.
The proposed device is a cube-shaped polyhedron closed by six square lens faces. But there may be models with a different number of external faces. Lenses allow us to see the inner cell as a separate full cube, as a whole, considering the cube through each face-lens, we will see new separate cubes with objects inside. In other words, the space of our cube due to lenses has increased six times, i.e. what can fit in the space of one cube in the proposed model fits six times more.
The utility model can be used in advertising, in the creation of souvenirs, as well as children's toys, where with each turn of the cube more and more new objects appear.
The technical result of the claimed invention is to increase the variability of modeling and demonstration of samples, the further development of spatial imagery, by achieving the optical effect of visual change in the shape of the cell of the truncated pyramid into the geometric shape of a cube.
The proposed model allows you to observe the closure of the constructed three-dimensional model with geometrically regular cubes, and since all six cells of the model are hollow, then inside each truncated pyramid you can place a real observation object in the form of a three-dimensional figure. The originality of the claimed model is that it does not require any additional devices or computer programs for observation. The simplicity of design and the use of low-cost materials can be used in industry as a fantasy developing children's toy.

Claims (5)

1. A decorative souvenir device made in the form of a polyhedron in the form of a cube, characterized in that it includes at least 6 polyhedrons made in the form of regular quadrangular truncated pyramids, large bases of which are made of Fresnel type flat lenses in area corresponding to the large base of the pyramid, while the polyhedrons are fastened together along the edges of the truncated pyramids, while ensuring the formation of a cube whose faces are the large bases of the truncated pyramids and located inside him, a small cube whose faces are small bases of the truncated pyramids.
2 Decorative souvenir device according to claim 1, characterized in that the small bases of the pyramids are made with fastening means for the objects being displayed, information blocks, sound information.
3. A decorative souvenir device according to claim 1, characterized in that 7-fold enlargement of Fresnel flat lenses is used.
4. A decorative souvenir device according to claim 1, characterized in that the truncated pyramids are made of flexible plastic with a thickness of at least 0.5 mm.
5. A decorative souvenir device according to claim 1, characterized in that the ratio of the base areas of each of the truncated pyramids is used equal to 1: 5-6.
RU2017103529U 2017-02-03 2017-02-03 Decorative souvenir device RU173725U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2017103529U RU173725U1 (en) 2017-02-03 2017-02-03 Decorative souvenir device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2017103529U RU173725U1 (en) 2017-02-03 2017-02-03 Decorative souvenir device

Publications (1)

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RU173725U1 true RU173725U1 (en) 2017-09-07

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Family Applications (1)

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RU2017103529U RU173725U1 (en) 2017-02-03 2017-02-03 Decorative souvenir device

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2129035C1 (en) * 1995-01-23 1999-04-20 Тихонов Евгений Александрович Set of game tokens for mathematical games
RU83425U1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2009-06-10 Атлас Яхинович Галимов A toy
US7900384B2 (en) * 2008-05-02 2011-03-08 Disney Enterprises, Inc. Magical image cups and containers with 3D displays
RU2453350C2 (en) * 2010-08-18 2012-06-20 Николай Петрович Дядченко Educational toy-folder

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2129035C1 (en) * 1995-01-23 1999-04-20 Тихонов Евгений Александрович Set of game tokens for mathematical games
US7900384B2 (en) * 2008-05-02 2011-03-08 Disney Enterprises, Inc. Magical image cups and containers with 3D displays
RU83425U1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2009-06-10 Атлас Яхинович Галимов A toy
RU2453350C2 (en) * 2010-08-18 2012-06-20 Николай Петрович Дядченко Educational toy-folder

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
MM9K Utility model has become invalid (non-payment of fees)

Effective date: 20171029