KR20090120289A - Slab form for multi-layer structure and supporting method thereof - Google Patents

Slab form for multi-layer structure and supporting method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20090120289A
KR20090120289A KR1020080046248A KR20080046248A KR20090120289A KR 20090120289 A KR20090120289 A KR 20090120289A KR 1020080046248 A KR1020080046248 A KR 1020080046248A KR 20080046248 A KR20080046248 A KR 20080046248A KR 20090120289 A KR20090120289 A KR 20090120289A
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South Korea
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slab
slab formwork
layer structure
truss
supporting
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KR1020080046248A
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Korean (ko)
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김창남
이성진
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코오롱건설주식회사
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Priority to KR1020080046248A priority Critical patent/KR20090120289A/en
Publication of KR20090120289A publication Critical patent/KR20090120289A/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/36Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for floors, ceilings, or roofs of plane or curved surfaces end formpanels for floor shutterings
    • E04G11/38Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for floors, ceilings, or roofs of plane or curved surfaces end formpanels for floor shutterings for plane ceilings of concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G11/00Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs
    • E04G11/36Forms, shutterings, or falsework for making walls, floors, ceilings, or roofs for floors, ceilings, or roofs of plane or curved surfaces end formpanels for floor shutterings
    • E04G11/48Supporting structures for shutterings or frames for floors or roofs

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Forms Removed On Construction Sites Or Auxiliary Members Thereof (AREA)

Abstract

PURPOSE: A slab form of a multi-layer structure and a supporting method thereof are provided to reduce the construction period by applying concrete of an upper layer slab regardless of the hardening of a lower layer slab and to reduce the construction cost because a temporary post is unnecessary. CONSTITUTION: A slab form of a multi-layer structure includes a truss member(8) and a panel(6). The truss member is installed between vertical bearing walls(4) formed to be perpendicular to the bottom(2) of a building. The panel is installed in the upper side of the truss member and slab concrete is applied. A supporting method of the slab form is composed of the steps of installing plural support members(18) to the direction corresponding to the both sides of the vertical bearing wall. The slab form is installed between the support members.

Description

복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 및 그 지지방법{SLAB FORM FOR MULTI-LAYER STRUCTURE AND SUPPORTING METHOD THEREOF}Slab formwork with double-layer structure and its supporting method {SLAB FORM FOR MULTI-LAYER STRUCTURE AND SUPPORTING METHOD THEREOF}

본 발명은 복층형 구조의 슬래브 시공을 위한 거푸집 및 이를 지지하기 위한 방법으로, 수직 내력벽 양쪽에 트러스 구조를 선 시공하여 가설지주 없이 슬래브 거푸집을 지지하여 하층 슬래브의 경화유무에 상관없이 상층 슬래브의 콘크리트 타설 작업이 가능하도록 된 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 및 그 지지방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention is a formwork for a slab construction of a multi-layered structure and a method for supporting the same, concrete construction of the upper slab regardless of the hardening of the lower slab by supporting the slab formwork without preliminary support by installing the truss structure on both sides of the vertical bearing wall The present invention relates to a slab formwork having a multi-layered structure in which work can be performed and a method of supporting the same.

일반적으로 철근콘크리트 구조에서 철근콘크리트 슬래브를 축조하는 가장 일반적인 방법은, 도 1에서와 같이 콘크리트의 외면을 형성해줄 거푸집(100)과, 이 거푸집(100)을 지지하는 지주(200)를 가설하고, 거푸집(100) 상에 철근을 배근한 다음 콘크리트를 타설하여 일정기간 동안 양생과정을 거치는 방법으로 슬래브(300)를 구축한다.In general, the most common method of constructing the reinforced concrete slab in the reinforced concrete structure, as shown in Figure 1, to form a form 100 to form the outer surface of the concrete, and posts supporting the formwork 100, 200 Reinforcing the rebar on the formwork (100) and then cast concrete to build a slab 300 by a curing process for a period of time.

그리고 슬래브(300)가 구축되면 거푸집(100) 및 지주(200)를 철거하고 이를 그 상부층으로 이동하여 상기와 같이 재 설치하는 방법으로 그 다음 층의 슬래브를 구축하게 된다.Then, when the slab 300 is constructed, the slab of the next layer is constructed by dismantling the formwork 100 and the support 200 and moving it to the upper layer and reinstalling it as described above.

그리고 건물의 바닥면과 슬래브 사이의 간격이 일반적인 건물보다 더 높은 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집을 지지하는 방법은, 도 2에서와 같이 목재나 철재로 만들어진 지주(200)를 일반형 구조보다 더 많은 개수로 더 좁은 간격으로 설치한다.In addition, the method of supporting the slab formwork having a multi-layered structure having a higher spacing between the bottom of the building and the slab than in a general building, as shown in FIG. Install at narrow intervals.

그러나 이러한 방법과 같이 지주(200)를 이용하여 슬래브 거푸집(100)을 지지할 경우, 많은 지주(200)를 설치해야 됨으로 공사비가 증가되고 공사기간도 길어지게 되며, 하층부 슬래브가 완전히 경화될 때까지는 상층부 슬래브(300)의 콘크리트 타설이 불가능하게 되어 이에 따른 공사지연이 발생되는 문제가 있다.However, when supporting the slab formwork 100 by using the support (200) as in this way, the construction cost is increased and the construction period is lengthened by having to install a lot of support (200), until the lower slab is completely cured There is a problem in that the construction of the concrete slab of the upper slab 300 is not possible, thereby delaying construction.

본 발명은 상기한 바와 같은 종래의 문제점을 해결하기 위하여 제안된 것으로서, 본 발명의 목적은 복층형 구조로 슬래브 시공을 할 경우 양쪽 내력벽 사이에 지지되는 슬래브 거푸집을 설치하여 하층 슬래브의 경화유무에 상관없이 상층 슬래브의 콘크리트 타설을 진행시킬 수 있는 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 및 그 지지방법을 제공하는데 있다.The present invention has been proposed in order to solve the conventional problems as described above, the object of the present invention is to install a slab formwork between both bearing walls when the slab construction in a multi-layer structure, regardless of the curing of the lower slab The present invention provides a slab formwork having a multi-layered structure and a method of supporting the same, capable of advancing concrete slabs of upper slabs.

본 발명이 제안하는 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집은,The slab formwork of the multilayer structure proposed by the present invention,

콘크리트 타설 하중을 견딜 수 있도록 제작되어 대향하는 수직 내력벽들 사이에 양측단부가 지지되는 트러스부재와, 상기 트러스부재에 위치되어 콘크리트가 타설될 수 있도록 하는 패널을 포함하는 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집을 제공한다.It provides a slab formwork having a multi-layered structure including a truss member which is manufactured to withstand the concrete placing load is supported on both sides between opposing vertical bearing walls, and a panel positioned on the truss member to allow concrete to be poured. .

또한 본 발명은, 복층형 구조의 슬래브 시공을 위하여 슬래브 거푸집을 지지하기 위한 방법으로서, 수직 내력벽 양쪽에 서로 대응되는 방향으로 지지부재를 설치하고, 이 지지부재들 사이에 슬래브 거푸집을 설치하여 하층 슬래브의 경화유무에 상관없이 상층 슬래브의 콘크리트 타설 작업이 가능하도록 구성된 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 지지방법을 제공한다.In addition, the present invention, as a method for supporting the slab formwork for the construction of the slab of the multi-layer structure, the support member is installed in the direction corresponding to each other on the vertical bearing walls, and the slab formwork is provided between the support members of the lower slab The present invention provides a method of supporting slab formwork having a multi-layered structure configured to allow concrete placing of upper slab with or without hardening.

본 발명에 의한 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 및 그 지지방법은, 수직 내력벽 양쪽에 트러스부재를 선 시공하여 가설지주 없이 슬래브 거푸집을 지지함으로써, 종래의 슬래브 거푸집에 비해 가설지주가 불필요하게 되어 공사비를 줄일 수 있고, 하층 슬래브의 경화유무에 상관없이 상층 슬래브의 콘크리트 타설이 가능하게 되어 공사기간을 대폭적으로 단축시킬 수 있다.The slab formwork and its supporting method of the multi-layered structure according to the present invention support the slab formwork without preliminary support by installing truss members on both sides of the vertical bearing wall, thereby reducing the construction cost compared to the conventional slab formwork. In addition, regardless of whether the lower slab is hardened or not, the concrete slab of the upper slab can be cast, thereby greatly shortening the construction period.

이하, 본 발명의 바람직한 실시예를 첨부한 도면을 참조하여 더욱 상세히 설명한다.Hereinafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail.

도 3은 본 발명에 의한 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집을 설치한 상태의 측면도이고, 도 4는 본 발명에 의한 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집이 지지되는 지지부재의 설치상태를 설명하기 위한 도면을 나타낸다.3 is a side view of a state in which the slab formwork of the multilayer structure according to the present invention is installed, and FIG. 4 is a view for explaining an installation state of the support member on which the slab formwork of the multilayer structure according to the present invention is supported.

도시된 바와 같이 본 발명의 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집은, 건물의 바닥면(2)으로부터 수직으로 형성된 수직 내력벽(4) 사이에 설치되는 트러스부재(8)와, 상기 트러스부재(8)의 상부면에 설치되며 슬래브 콘크리트가 타설되는 패널(6)을 포함한다.As shown, the slab formwork of the multi-layered structure of the present invention includes a truss member 8 installed between the vertical bearing walls 4 vertically formed from the floor surface 2 of the building, and an upper surface of the truss member 8. And a panel 6 installed in the slab concrete.

상기 패널(6)은 소정의 강도와 두께를 갖는 금속판 또는 합판 등으로 이루어질 수 있으며, 슬래브 콘크리트의 자체중량 및 시공하중을 충분히 견딜 수 있는 구조로 제작된다.The panel 6 may be made of a metal plate or plywood having a predetermined strength and thickness, and is manufactured in a structure that can sufficiently withstand the weight and construction load of the slab concrete.

상기 트러스부재(8)는 슬래브 콘크리트의 자체중량 및 시공하중을 충분히 견딜 수 있으면서, 아울러 패널(6)에 가해지는 하중을 분담하여 패널(6)을 더욱 튼튼하게 지지하는 역할을 한다.The truss member 8 can withstand the weight and construction load of the slab concrete sufficiently, and also serves to support the panel 6 more robustly by sharing the load applied to the panel 6.

상기 트러스부재(8)는 플레이트(10)와, 이 플레이트(10)에 길이 방향으로 고정되는 트러스 거더(12)로 이루어진다.The truss member 8 consists of a plate 10 and a truss girder 12 fixed in the longitudinal direction to the plate 10.

상기 플레이트(10)는 금속판 등으로 이루어질 수 있으며 그 양쪽 끝단부는 절곡된 걸림부(14) 형성되어 거푸집을 설치하였을 때 설치된 상태를 튼튼하게 유지할 수 있도록 되어있다.The plate 10 may be made of a metal plate or the like, and both ends of the plate 10 may be formed to have a bent engaging portion 14 to maintain the installed state when the formwork is installed.

상기 트러스 거더(12)는 철선을 일정한 파형으로 연속 절곡하여 형성할 수 있으며, 여기에 보강철근 등이 추가로 용접되어 강도를 더욱 높게 할 수도 있다.The truss girder 12 may be formed by continuously bending the iron wire in a predetermined waveform, and reinforcing bars, etc. may be additionally welded to further increase the strength.

이러한 트러스부재(8)는 트러스 거더(12)를 플레이트(10)에 스폿 용접하는 방식으로 고정하여 설치할 수 있으며, 트러스부재(8)는 플레이트(10)에 간격을 유지하며 하나 또는 다수개로 설치할 수 있다.The truss member 8 may be installed by fixing the truss girder 12 to the plate 10 in a spot welding manner, and the truss member 8 may be installed in one or a plurality while maintaining the spacing on the plate 10. have.

상기에서 트러스 거더(12)의 설치간격은 이후에 구축될 슬래브(16)의 두께 및 면적에 따라서 다르게 설치할 수 있다.The installation interval of the truss girder 12 may be installed differently depending on the thickness and area of the slab 16 to be constructed later.

이러한 본 발명의 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집은 바닥면(2)의 경화유무에 상관없이 슬래브(16) 콘크리트 타설이 가능하도록, 가설지주 없이 수직 내력벽(4) 양쪽에 슬래브 거푸집을 구성하는 패널(6) 및 트러스부재(8)를 선 시공하는 방법으로 슬래브 거푸집을 설치하게 된다.The slab formwork of the multi-layered structure of the present invention is a panel (6) constituting the slab formwork on both sides of the vertical bearing wall (4) without the temporary support so that the slab (16) concrete can be cast regardless of the hardening of the bottom surface (2) And the slab formwork is installed by the method of pre-installing the truss member (8).

그러한 것을 위하여 수직 내력벽(4)의 양쪽 대응되는 방향으로는 다수개의 지지부재(18)가 고정 설치된다. 이 지지부재(18)는 후면에 고정부(20)가 형성되어 수직 내력벽(4)을 구축할 때 고정부(20)를 매입하는 방법으로 지지부재(18)를 수직 내력벽(4)에 고정 설치할 수 있다.For this purpose, a plurality of support members 18 are fixedly installed in both corresponding directions of the vertical load bearing wall 4. The support member 18 is fixed to the vertical bearing wall 4 by the fixing member 20 is formed on the rear side by the method of embedding the fixing part 20 when the vertical bearing wall 4 is built. Can be.

이와 같은 본 발명의 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집은 건물의 바닥면과 슬래브 사이의 간격이 일반 건물보다 더 높은 복층형 구조의 슬래브를 구축할 때 유용하게 사용할 수 있는데, 이러한 본 발명의 슬래브 거푸집을 설치하려면, 먼저 수직 내력벽(4)에 설치된 지지부재(18)에 스페이서(22)를 거치 시킨 후, 이 스페이서(22)의 상부면에 트러스부재(8)를 올려놓는다.Such a slab formwork of the multi-layered structure of the present invention can be useful when constructing a slab of a multi-layered structure having a higher spacing between the floor of the building and the slab than a general building, to install the slab formwork of the present invention, First, the spacer 22 is mounted on the support member 18 installed on the vertical bearing wall 4, and then the truss member 8 is placed on the upper surface of the spacer 22.

상기 스페이서(22)는 보강재의 역할도 수행하게 되며, 이러한 스페이서(22)에 거치된 트러스부재(8)는 플레이트(10)의 끝단부에 형성된 걸림부(14)가 스페이서(22)에 걸려 트러스부재(8)는 설치된 상태를 더욱 견고하게 유지할 수 있다.The spacer 22 also serves as a reinforcing material, and the truss member 8 mounted on the spacer 22 has a catching portion 14 formed at the end of the plate 10 to be caught by the spacer 22. The member 8 can maintain the installed state more firmly.

이렇게 트러스부재(8)가 설치되면 그 상부면에 패널(6)을 올려놓으면 슬래브 거푸집의 설치가 완료되며, 패널(6)의 상부에 배력철근이나 보강철근 및 부속자재를 설치하고 콘크리트를 타설하여 일정시간의 양생과정을 거치면 슬래브(16)가 구축된다.When the truss member 8 is installed in this way, when the panel 6 is placed on the upper surface of the slab formwork, the installation of slab formwork is completed. After a certain period of curing process, the slab 16 is built.

이러한 슬래브 구축시 슬래브 거푸집은 수직 내력벽(4) 양쪽에 지지되어 있 으므로 바닥면(2)의 경화 유무에 상관없이 작업할 수 있다.When the slab is constructed, the slab formwork is supported on both sides of the vertical bearing wall (4) so that it can be worked with or without hardening of the bottom surface (2).

그리고 슬래브(16)가 구축되면, 지지부재(18)에 지지된 스페이서(22)를 일측으로 가압하여 스페이서(22)를 분리한 다음, 트러스부재(8) 및 패널(6)을 해체하여 재 사용하면 된다.When the slab 16 is constructed, the spacer 22 supported by the support member 18 is pushed to one side to separate the spacer 22, and then the truss member 8 and the panel 6 are dismantled and reused. Just do it.

도 1은 일반적인 철근콘크리트 구조에서 슬래브 거푸집을 지지하는 방법을 설명하기 위한 도면.1 is a view for explaining a method for supporting a slab formwork in a general reinforced concrete structure.

도 2는 종래 기술에 의한 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 지지방법을 설명하기 위한 도면.2 is a view for explaining a slab formwork supporting method of a multi-layered structure according to the prior art.

도 3은 본 발명에 따른 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집을 구성하는 트러스부재의 확대도.Figure 3 is an enlarged view of the truss member constituting the slab formwork of the multilayer structure according to the present invention.

도 4는 본 발명에 따른 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집을 설치한 상태의 측면도.Figure 4 is a side view of a state in which the slab formwork of the multilayer structure according to the present invention is installed.

도 5는 본 발명에 따른 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집을 구성하는 지지부재의 설치상태를 설명하기 위한 도면.5 is a view for explaining the installation state of the support member constituting the slab formwork of the multi-layer structure according to the present invention.

Claims (7)

콘크리트 타설 하중을 견딜 수 있도록 제작되어 대향하는 수직 내력벽들 사이에 양측단부가 지지되는 트러스부재;A truss member fabricated to withstand the concrete placing load and having both end portions supported between opposing vertical bearing walls; 상기 트러스부재에 위치되어 콘크리트가 타설될 수 있도록 하는 패널;A panel positioned on the truss member to allow concrete to be poured; 을 포함하는 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집.Slab formwork of a multilayer structure comprising a. 청구항 1에 있어서,The method according to claim 1, 상기 트러스부재는, 플레이트와, 이 플레이트에 길이 방향으로 고정되는 트러스 거더로 이루어진 것을 특징으로 하는 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 지지방법.The truss member is a slab formwork supporting method having a multi-layered structure, characterized in that the plate and the truss girders are fixed to the plate in the longitudinal direction. 청구항 2에 있어서,The method according to claim 2, 상기 플레이트의 양쪽 끝단부는 걸림부 형성된 것을 특징으로 하는 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 지지방법.Both ends of the plate is a slab formwork supporting method of the multi-layer structure, characterized in that the engaging portion formed. 청구항 2에 있어서,The method according to claim 2, 상기 트러스 거더는 철선을 일정한 파형으로 연속 절곡하여 성형된 것을 특징으로 하는 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 지지방법.The truss girder is a slab formwork supporting method of a multi-layered structure, characterized in that formed by continuously bending the iron wire in a constant waveform. 청구항 2에 있어서,The method according to claim 2, 상기 트러스 거더에는 보강철근이 더 제공된 것을 특징으로 하는 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 지지방법.The truss girder is a slab formwork supporting method of the multi-layer structure, characterized in that the reinforcement is further provided. 복층형 구조의 슬래브 시공을 위하여 슬래브 거푸집을 지지하기 위한 방법으로서, 수직 내력벽 양쪽에 서로 대응되는 방향으로 지지부재를 설치하고, 이 지지부재들 사이에 슬래브 거푸집을 설치하여 하층 슬래브의 경화유무에 상관없이 상층 슬래브의 콘크리트 타설 작업이 가능하도록 구성된 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 지지방법.A method for supporting slab formwork for the construction of a multi-layered slab, in which a support member is installed on both sides of a vertical bearing wall in a direction corresponding to each other, and a slab formwork is installed between the support members regardless of whether the lower slab is hardened or not. A method of supporting slab formwork with a multi-layer structure, which is capable of placing concrete on upper slabs. 청구항 6에 있어서,The method according to claim 6, 상기 지지부재와 슬래브 거푸집 사이에는 스페이서가 더욱 설치되는 것을 특징으로 하는 복층형 구조의 슬래브 거푸집 지지방법.Slab formwork supporting method of the multi-layer structure, characterized in that the spacer is further installed between the support member and the slab formwork.
KR1020080046248A 2008-05-19 2008-05-19 Slab form for multi-layer structure and supporting method thereof KR20090120289A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103397777A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-11-20 胡彦彬 Attached truss type concrete wall form support
CN110512897A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-11-29 中铁建设集团有限公司 A kind of post-cast strip support system and installation method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103397777A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-11-20 胡彦彬 Attached truss type concrete wall form support
CN103397777B (en) * 2013-08-06 2015-12-02 胡彦彬 A kind of attachment truss-like concrete wall template supports
CN110512897A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-11-29 中铁建设集团有限公司 A kind of post-cast strip support system and installation method

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