KR20020028612A - construction method of unit house - Google Patents

construction method of unit house Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20020028612A
KR20020028612A KR1020000059710A KR20000059710A KR20020028612A KR 20020028612 A KR20020028612 A KR 20020028612A KR 1020000059710 A KR1020000059710 A KR 1020000059710A KR 20000059710 A KR20000059710 A KR 20000059710A KR 20020028612 A KR20020028612 A KR 20020028612A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
unit
ceiling
building
beams
units
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KR1020000059710A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
최영택
신현호
박흥서
안창모
조정구
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유인균
현대산업개발 주식회사
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Priority to KR1020000059710A priority Critical patent/KR20020028612A/en
Publication of KR20020028612A publication Critical patent/KR20020028612A/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/348Structures composed of units comprising at least considerable parts of two sides of a room, e.g. box-like or cell-like units closed or in skeleton form
    • E04B1/34815Elements not integrated in a skeleton
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/348Structures composed of units comprising at least considerable parts of two sides of a room, e.g. box-like or cell-like units closed or in skeleton form
    • E04B1/34815Elements not integrated in a skeleton
    • E04B1/34861Elements not integrated in a skeleton particular arrangement of habitable rooms or their component parts; modular co-ordination

Abstract

PURPOSE: A construction method of a unit building is provided to have economical efficiency, efficiency and rapidity by reducing construction expenses, shortening the period of construction and simplifying on construction. CONSTITUTION: The construction method of a unit building comprises the steps of: connecting at least four units(10) formed by assembling a vertical column(11), a bottom crossbeam and a ceiling crossbeam continuously to form a hexahedral frame, and assembling a wall member, a ceiling member and a floor member continuously; removing an upward ceiling crossbeam of a downward unit(10) and a bottom crossbeam of an upward unit(10') located on the facing central parts; and adding stiffening members(21) to the outer or inner side of vertical columns(11)(11') of upward and downward units(10)(10').

Description

유니트 건물의 구축방법{construction method of unit house}Construction method of unit house

본 발명은 공장에서 기둥이나 벽, 지붕 등의 건축부재를 미리 생산하고 이를 현장에서 조립 설치하는 조립식 건축물인 유니트(unit) 건물의 구축방법에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a method for building a unit building, which is a prefabricated building in which a building member such as a pillar, a wall, a roof, etc. is produced in advance in a factory and assembled and installed in the field.

유니트 건물은 공장에서 기둥, 벽, 지붕 등의 건축부재를 미리 생산하고, 이를 현장으로 운반후, 조립 설치하므로 인해 값싼 건축비, 짧은 공기, 시공의 간편함 등에 기인한 경제성, 효율성, 신속성을 갖는 것을 볼 수 있다.The unit building produces buildings, such as columns, walls, and roofs in advance, and transports them to the site before assembling and installing them, resulting in economic efficiency, efficiency, and speed due to cheap construction costs, short air, and ease of construction. Can be.

따라서, 유니트 건물은 공장용 건물은 물론이거니와 일반 주거용 주택에까지 그 활용도가 증대되고 있는 실정이다.Therefore, the unit building is not only used for factory buildings, but also for general residential housing.

일반적으로 유니트 건물은 수직기둥과 바닥들보, 천정들보를 연결 조립하여육면체 골격을 조성하고, 이에 벽면부재, 천정부재, 바닥부재를 조립 설치하여서 된 단위 유니트 다수개를 서로 연이어서 하나의 유니트 건물을 완성하게 된다.In general, a unit building connects and assembles vertical pillars, floor beams, and ceiling beams to form a hexahedral skeleton, and a plurality of unit units formed by assembling and installing wall members, ceiling members, and floor members are connected to each other to form a unit building. You are done.

이와 같이 단위 유니트와 또다른 단위 유니트 4개를 좌우 및 상하로 맞대어 복층으로 설치할 경우 상방에 위치하는 단위 유니트의 하단에 위치하는 바닥들보와 하방에 위치하는 단위 유니트의 하단에 위치하는 바닥들보와 하방에 위치하는 단위 유니트의 천장들보가 서로 맞접합하게 되므로 천장 높이를 높일 수 없는 단점을 갖게 되며, 이로 인한 실내공간의 제약을 감수해야만 했었다.In this way, when the unit unit and four other unit units are installed in a double-layer facing each other from side to side and up and down, the floor beams located at the bottom of the upper unit unit and the floor beams located at the bottom of the unit unit located below and the bottom Since the ceiling beams of the unit units located in each other are in contact with each other, there is a disadvantage in that the height of the ceiling cannot be increased.

즉, 종래 유니트 건물을 조립 구축함에 있어서 기본적으로 4개의 단위 유니트로 좌우상하로 적층하여 유니트 건물을 조립 구축할 경우 하방의 단위 유니트의 천장들보와 상방의 단위 유니트의 바닥들보가 서로 겹치게 되어 임의로 천장을 높일 수 없었으며, 제약된 공간만을 창출할 수 밖에 없었던 것을 감안하여 본 발명이 안출된 것으로, 조립식으로 설치되는 단위 유니트 다수개를 상,하로 적층할 경우 필요에 따라 천장높이를 높여 주도록 하여 주거환경을 보다 쾌적하게 하도록 한 것이다.That is, in assembling and constructing a conventional unit building, when building a unit building by stacking four unit units from side to side, basically, the ceiling beams of the lower unit unit and the floor beams of the upper unit unit overlap each other. The present invention was conceived in consideration of the fact that only limited space could be created, and when a plurality of prefabricated unit units are stacked up and down, the ceiling height is increased as necessary. It is to make the environment more comfortable.

본 발명은 다수개의 단위 유니트를 조립식으로 조립 설치하여 완성하는 유니트 건물에 있어서, 실내공간 즉, 천장의 높이를 높여 줄 수 있는 방법을 제시토록 하는 것으로, 상하로 적층되는 단위 유니트의 횡들보 즉, 상방 유니트의 하방 횡들보, 하방 유니트의 상방 횡들보를 제거토록 하여 하방 유니트의 내측공간 즉, 천장의 높이를 확장토록 하여 주거 생활공간에 여유를 제공토록 하는 것으로, 상하로맞접합하는 상하 단위 유니트를 연결 조립함에 있어서 상방 유니트의 하방들보 및 하방유니트의 상방들보를 각각 제거한 단위 유니트를 상하로 서로 적층하여서 하방 유니트의 제한된 천장의 높이를 확장토록 한 것이다.The present invention is to propose a method for increasing the height of the interior space, that is, the ceiling in the unit building completed by assembling and installing a plurality of unit units in a prefabricated manner, The upper and lower unit units joined together up and down by removing the lower cross beams of the upper unit and the upper cross beams of the lower unit to expand the inner space of the lower unit, that is, the height of the ceiling, to provide room to the living space. In the assembling, the upper and lower beams of the upper unit and the upper beams of the lower unit, respectively, are stacked on top of each other to stack up and down to expand the height of the limited ceiling of the lower unit.

도1 - 유니트 건물을 구성하는 단위 유니트의 골조만을 보인 사시도.1 is a perspective view showing only a frame of a unit unit constituting a unit building;

도2 - 단위 유니트 골조로 상,하층을 적층 구성한 것을 보인 사시도.2 is a perspective view showing that the upper and lower layers are laminated in a unit structure of a unit.

도3 - 단위 유니트 골조로 상,하층을 적층하여 복층으로 구성하고, 중간의3-The upper and lower layers are laminated in a unit structure to form a double layer, and the intermediate

들보를 제거하는 과정을 보인 유니트 골조의 조립사시도.Assembly perspective of the unit frame showing the process of removing the beams.

수직기둥(11)과 바닥들보(12), 천장들보(13)를 연이어서 조립 설치하여 육면체 골격을 조성하고, 이에 벽체부재, 천장부재, 바닥부재를 조립 설치하여서 구성하는 건물의 단위 유니트(10)를 적어도 좌,우,상,하 4개를 연이어서 하나의 유니트 건물을 조립 구축함에 있어서, 서로 맞접합하는 중앙부위에 위치하는 하방 좌우 단위 유니트(10)의 상방 천장들보(13) 및 상방의 좌우 단위 유니트(10')의 바닥들보(12')를 제거하여 상,하,좌,우 단위 유니트(10)(10')의 천장들보(13) 및 바닥들보(12')에 의해 제한되었던 공간을 확보하며, 상,하 단위 유니트(10)(10')의 수직기둥(11)(11')의 외측 또는 내측으로부터 보강부재(21)을 덧부착하여 상기 천장들보(13) 및 바닥들보(12')의 제거에 따른 구조적 손실이 보완되도록 한 것이다.Unit unit of a building configured by successively assembling and installing vertical columns 11, floor beams 12, and ceiling beams 13, and assembling and installing wall members, ceiling members, and floor members. ), At least four left, right, top, and bottom in series to assemble and build a unit building, the upper ceiling beams 13 and the upper ceiling beams 13 and the upper side of the lower left and right unit unit 10 located at the center portion to be in contact with each other By removing the bottom beams 12 'of the left and right unit units 10' of the upper, lower, left and right unit beams 10 and 10 'of the ceiling beams 13 and the bottom beams 12'. The ceiling beams 13 and the floor by attaching a reinforcing member 21 from the outside or the inside of the vertical columns 11 and 11 'of the upper and lower unit units 10 and 10'. The structural loss caused by the removal of the beam 12 'is compensated for.

이와 같은 본 발명을 보다 상세히 설명하면 다음과 같다.Referring to the present invention in more detail as follows.

즉, 수직기둥(11)과 바닥들보(12), 천장들보(13)를 상자형으로 연결 조립한 단위 유니트(10)를 상,하,좌,우 서로 상하로 맞접합하여 유니트 건물을 구축함에 있어서, 상하 각각의 단위 유니트(10)(10')의 맞접합되는 횡들보 즉, 바닥들보(12') 및 천장들보(13)를 제거하여 횡들보에 의한 공간제약을 해소토록 한 것으로, 상하 단위 유니트(10)(10')의 맞접합하는 상하 횡부재(횡들보)를 제거하는 대신에 상,하 수직기둥(11)(11')의 내측 또는 외측으로부터 보강부재(21)를 덧부착하여 상,하,좌,우로 조립 적층되는 단위 유니트(10)(10')를 보강토록 한 것이다.That is, in building a unit building by joining the vertical unit 11, the floor beams 12, and the ceiling beams 13 and the unit unit 10 assembled in a box shape up and down, up, down, left and right. In order to eliminate space limitation by the side beams by removing the cross beams, ie, the floor beams 12 'and the ceiling beams 13, which are joined to each of the upper and lower unit units 10 and 10'. Instead of removing the upper and lower horizontal members (lateral beams) to be joined to the units 10 and 10 ', the reinforcing members 21 are attached from the inside or the outside of the upper and lower vertical columns 11 and 11'. Up, down, left, right to reinforce the unit unit 10 (10 ') to be stacked.

따라서, 상,하,좌,우 단위 유니트(10)(10')의 중앙에 위치하는 횡들보가 제거됨으로 인해 넓은 자유공간을 확보할 수 있게 되는 것이다.Therefore, since the crossbeams positioned in the center of the upper, lower, left, and right unit units 10 and 10 'are removed, a wide free space can be secured.

단위 유니트로 하나의 건물을 구축함에 있어서, 건물의 크기에 따라 다수개의 단위 유니트를 필요로 하게 된다. 하나의 단위 유니트는 필요에 따라 건물의 하나의 구성요소 즉, 하나의 방을 구성할 수 있으며, 필요에 따라서는 2-3개로 구성된 단위 유니트로 하나의 방이나 하나의 주거공간을 형성하게 된다.In constructing a building with unit units, a plurality of unit units are required depending on the size of the building. One unit unit may constitute one component of a building, that is, one room, as needed, and if necessary, two or three unit units may form one room or one living space.

그러나, 유니트 건물은 그 건축공법이 공장에서 미리 계획 생산됨을 감안하여 서로 연접되며, 연접되는 부분에 있어서는 나중에 제거할 횡부재 등은 가설부재로 임시로 조립 설치하며, 단위 유니트를 현장에서 연이어 조립구축시 가설부재를 제거함과 동시에 보강부재를 필요 요소에 덧부착함으로 인해 중간에 생략되는 횡부재로 인한 구조적 결함을 보완할 수 있게 되는 것이다.However, the unit buildings are connected to each other in consideration of their construction method being pre-planned and produced at the factory.In the areas where they are connected, the transverse members to be removed later are temporarily assembled and installed as temporary members. By removing the temporary construction member and attaching the reinforcing member to the necessary elements, it is possible to compensate for the structural defects caused by the horizontal member omitted in the middle.

건물의 단위 유니트를 상,하,좌,우 다수개를 서로 맞접합하여 유니트 건물을 조립 구축함에 있어서, 단위 유니트의 특성상 천장의 높이가 제한되어 결국 주거생활공간에 제한을 가하는 것을 볼 수 있었다. 이와 같이 종래 유니트 건물은 천장의 높이가 제한됨을 감안하여 본 발명이 안출된 것으로, 본 발명은 단위 유니트를 조립하여 유니트 건물을 구축 완성함에 있어 상하로 맞접합하는 횡부재 즉, 횡들보를 제거하여 천장의 높이를 높여줄 수 있도록 한 것으로, 이와 같은 구조는 방안이나 거실의 공간 즉, 천장의 높이를 높여 주어 주거공간의 편리성을 제공함과 동시에 현관이나 지붕의 높이를 임의로 높여줄 수 있게 되며, 이로 인해 종래 획일적인 유니트 건물에 비해 다양한 유니트 건물을 설계할 수 있음으로 인해 제품개발의 경쟁력을 증대시킬 수 있는 아주 유용한 발명인 것이다.In assembling and building a unit building by joining a plurality of unit units of a building unit up, down, left, and right together, the height of the ceiling is limited due to the characteristics of the unit unit, which in turn limits the living space. As such, the present invention has been made in view of the limited height of the ceiling of the conventional unit building, and the present invention removes a horizontal member, that is, a horizontal beam, that is joined up and down in assembling and completing a unit building. It is to increase the height of the ceiling, such a structure is to increase the height of the room or living room, that is, the ceiling height to provide the convenience of the residential space and at the same time to increase the height of the entrance or roof, This is a very useful invention that can increase the competitiveness of product development because it is possible to design a variety of unit buildings compared to conventional unit buildings.

Claims (1)

수직기둥(11)과 바닥들보(12), 천장들보(13)를 연이어서 조립 설치하여 육면체 골격을 조성하고, 이에 벽체부재, 천장부재, 바닥부재를 조립 설치하여서 된 건물의 단위 유니트(10)를 적어도 좌,우,상,하 4개를 연이어서 하나의 유니트 건물을 조립 구축함에 있어서, 서로 맞접합하는 중앙부위에 위치하는 하방 단위 유니트(10)의 상방 천장들보(13) 및 상방 단위 유니트(10')의 바닥들보(12')를 제거토록 하며, 상,하 단위 유니트(10)(10')의 수직기둥(11)(11')의 외측 또는 내측에 보강부재(21)를 덧부착하여 구성되는 것을 특징으로 하는 유니트 건물의 구축방법.The vertical unit 11, the floor beams 12, and the ceiling beams 13 are successively assembled to form a hexahedral skeleton, and the unit unit 10 of the building is constructed by assembling and installing wall members, ceiling members, and floor members. In order to assemble at least four left, right, top, and bottom to assemble and build a unit building, the upper ceiling beams 13 and the upper unit unit of the lower unit unit 10 located in the central portion that is in contact with each other The bottom beam 12 'of the 10' is removed, and the reinforcing member 21 is attached to the outside or the inside of the vertical pillars 11 and 11 'of the upper and lower unit units 10 and 10'. A unit building construction method, characterized in that attached to the configuration.
KR1020000059710A 2000-10-11 2000-10-11 construction method of unit house KR20020028612A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101043258B1 (en) * 2009-08-21 2011-06-21 (주)테크빌 Signal Detecting Device for Track Circuit of Railroad

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