JP2000120172A - Reinforcing beam fitting construction and unit building - Google Patents

Reinforcing beam fitting construction and unit building

Info

Publication number
JP2000120172A
JP2000120172A JP10290917A JP29091798A JP2000120172A JP 2000120172 A JP2000120172 A JP 2000120172A JP 10290917 A JP10290917 A JP 10290917A JP 29091798 A JP29091798 A JP 29091798A JP 2000120172 A JP2000120172 A JP 2000120172A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
beams
reinforcing beam
reinforcing
floor
building
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP10290917A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Okitoshi Haneda
臣利 羽田
Naoto Tanaka
直人 田中
Kazuhiro Nohara
和宏 野原
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sekisui Chemical Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Sekisui Chemical Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sekisui Chemical Co Ltd filed Critical Sekisui Chemical Co Ltd
Priority to JP10290917A priority Critical patent/JP2000120172A/en
Publication of JP2000120172A publication Critical patent/JP2000120172A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To reinforce a beam at low price by forming the reinforcing beam so that stainless steel sheets or preserved steel sheets not less than two sheets are stickingly piled up, in the fitting construction constituted of a beam and a reinforcing beam of long plate spliced to the beam. SOLUTION: Two long plates made of plated steel are piled up face to face to form reinforcing beams 5, 6 connected together with bolts and nuts 51, 61. Spacers 52, 62 are welded with both sides of the reinforcing beams 5, 6, through holes 53, 63 are provided on the spacer 52, 62 parts, and the bolts/nut 51, 61, the welded parts, and the through holes 53, 63 are treated by preservative painting. Next building units 2 are installed, the reinforcing beam 5 is inserted from a gap 58 at which the ceiling beams 23 of one-side building units 2 are opposed to each other to a gap 59 at which the ceiling beams 23 of the other side building units 2 are opposed to each other for connection, and the reinforcing beam 6 is inserted through gaps 68, 69 for connection. Consequently the beams on both sides can be strongly connected together.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

【0001】[0001]

【発明の属する技術分野】この発明は対向している梁の
間に補強梁を取り付けて梁を補強する補強梁取付構造お
よびこの補強梁取付構造で対向している梁を連結したユ
ニット建物に関する。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a reinforcing beam mounting structure for reinforcing a beam by mounting a reinforcing beam between opposing beams, and a unit building in which the opposing beams are connected by the reinforcing beam mounting structure.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】ユニット建物は、運搬可能な一定の大き
さの箱形の、且つ、内部、外部のほぼ仕上げられた建物
ユニットと屋根ユニット・屋根パネルとを、予め、工場
で製造し、この建物ユニットや屋根ユニット・屋根パネ
ルの複数個を施工現場に運搬し、施工現場で組み立てて
建物となすものであって、現場施工期間が短く、且つ、
寸法精度の良い標準化された建物となる特徴があること
から、近年、広く採用されている。尚、屋根パネルは工
場で建物ユニットに取り付けられて施工現場に運搬され
ることもある。
2. Description of the Related Art A unit building is manufactured in advance in a factory, and is provided with a box-shaped, almost finished inside and outside building unit and a roof unit / roof panel of a certain size that can be transported. It transports a plurality of building units, roof units, and roof panels to the construction site and assembles them at the construction site to form a building.
In recent years, it has been widely adopted because it has the feature of being a standardized building with good dimensional accuracy. In some cases, the roof panel is attached to a building unit in a factory and transported to a construction site.

【0003】このユニット建物に使用される建物ユニッ
トとしては種々な構造のものが知られている。例えば、
特公昭61−42061号公報(以後従来例1と称す
る)には、矩形状の四隅に配置した4本の柱と、この4
本の柱の上端部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結した天井梁
と、この4本の柱の下端部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結し
た床梁とからなる建物ユニットの骨格が記載されてい
る。そして、この相対する天井梁に天井野縁を差し渡
し、この天井野縁の下面に天井材を取り付けて天井を形
成し、相対する床梁に床小梁を差し渡し、この上に床根
太を取り付け、この床根太の上に床材を取り付けて床を
形成し、天井梁と床梁との間に間柱を取り付け、この間
柱に外壁パネルや内壁パネルを取り付けて壁を形成して
建物ユニットとするのである。
Various types of building units are known as building units used in this unit building. For example,
Japanese Patent Publication No. 61-42061 (hereinafter referred to as Conventional Example 1) discloses four pillars arranged at four corners of a rectangular shape.
The framework of the building unit is described, which consists of a ceiling beam connecting the upper ends of the four pillars along a rectangular side, and a floor beam connecting the lower ends of the four pillars along a rectangular side. ing. Then, a ceiling edge is inserted over the opposing ceiling beam, a ceiling material is attached to the lower surface of the ceiling edge, a ceiling is formed, a floor beam is inserted over the opposing floor beam, and a floor joist is mounted thereon, Since floor materials are attached to this floor joist to form a floor, studs are attached between ceiling beams and floor beams, and outer and inner wall panels are attached to these studs to form walls and building units. is there.

【0004】又、特開平8−277580号公報や特開
平9−317021号公報(従来例2と称する)には、
柱省略角部に仮柱を設け、その他は従来例1とほぼ同じ
構造の骨格を有する建物ユニットを、この柱省略角部を
互いに突き合わせて据え付けた後、ほぼ一直線状になっ
ている柱省略角部を通過する一方の建物ユニットの天井
梁と他方の建物ユニットの天井梁との間に天井梁の2倍
にほぼ等しい長さの補強梁を差し渡し、この補強梁を挟
んで両側の天井梁を連結した後に、仮柱を取り外した柱
省略角部を有するユニット建物が記載されている。
Further, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open Nos. 8-277580 and 9-317021 (referred to as Conventional Example 2) disclose:
A temporary column is provided at the column omitted corner, and a building unit having a skeleton of substantially the same structure as that of the conventional example 1 is installed. Between the ceiling beam of one building unit and the ceiling beam of the other building unit that passes through the building, a reinforcing beam of approximately twice the length of the ceiling beam is inserted. A unit building having pillar omitted corners from which temporary pillars are removed after connection is described.

【0005】又、特開平10−61021号公報(以後
従来例3と称する)には、従来例2とほぼ同じ構造であ
る柱省略角部に仮柱を設けた建物ユニットの3個または
4個を、この柱省略角部を互いに突き合わせて据え付
け、この柱省略角部における十字形状の隣接建物ユニッ
トの間隙に、十字形の補強梁を挿入し、この十字形の補
強梁を挟んで両側の天井梁を連結した後、仮柱を取り外
した柱省略角部を有するユニット建物が記載されてい
る。
Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 10-61021 (hereinafter referred to as Conventional Example 3) discloses three or four building units in which provisional columns are provided at corners where columns are omitted, which have substantially the same structure as Conventional Example 2. The cross-shaped reinforcing beam is installed in the space between the adjacent cross-shaped building units at the corner where the pillar is omitted, and a cross-shaped reinforcing beam is inserted between the adjacent building units. A unit building having a pillar-eliminated corner where a temporary pillar is removed after connecting beams is described.

【0006】そして、この従来例1〜従来例3記載の建
物ユニットを製造する場合には、特公昭63−1111
4号公報(以後従来例4と称する)に記載あるように、
柱と梁とを直接連結することなくジョイント材を介して
連結している。又、特公平2−11375号公報(以後
従来例5と称する)には、矩形状の四隅にジョイントボ
ックスを位置させ、このジョイントボックスを4本の梁
で連結し、この四隅のジョイントボックスに柱を立設さ
せた建物ユニットが記載されている。
When manufacturing the building units described in Conventional Examples 1 to 3, Japanese Patent Publication No. 63-1111
As described in Japanese Patent Publication No. 4 (hereinafter referred to as Conventional Example 4),
The column and the beam are connected via a joint material without being directly connected. In Japanese Patent Publication No. 2-1375 (hereinafter referred to as Conventional Example 5), a joint box is located at four corners of a rectangular shape, the joint box is connected by four beams, and a pillar is attached to the joint box at the four corners. The building unit in which is erected is described.

【0007】[0007]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】一般に、建物ユニット
を水平方向に並べてユニット建物に組み立てる場合に風
等の水平方向の力が加わったり地震等で振動した際に建
物ユニットがばらばらに移動しないように、しかも、梁
の強度を向上させるために、建物ユニットの天井梁や床
梁等の梁と、隣の建物ユニットの対向する天井梁や床梁
等の梁をボルト・ナット等で連結している。
Generally, when building units are arranged side by side in a horizontal direction to assemble them into a unit building, it is necessary to prevent the building units from moving apart when a horizontal force such as a wind is applied or when the building is vibrated by an earthquake or the like. Moreover, in order to improve the strength of the beams, beams such as the ceiling beams and floor beams of the building units are connected to the opposing ceiling beams and floor beams of the adjacent building units by bolts and nuts. .

【0008】しかし、従来例1〜従来例4記載の建物ユ
ニットでは、柱と梁をジョイント材で連結しているか
ら、このジョイント材が梁面より外側にジョイント材の
厚みだけ突出している。従って、建物ユニットと隣の建
物ユニットとを梁同士を対向させて据え付けると、この
対向している梁同士の間にジョイント材の厚みの2倍以
上の隙間が生ずる。
However, in the building units described in the prior art examples 1 to 4, since the columns and the beams are connected by the joint members, the joint members protrude outside the beam surface by the thickness of the joint members. Therefore, when the building unit and the adjacent building unit are installed with the beams facing each other, a gap between the facing beams is twice or more the thickness of the joint material.

【0009】又、従来例5記載の建物ユニットでも、梁
と柱とをジョイントボックスで連結しているから、この
ジョイントボックスが梁面より外側にジョイントボック
スの厚みだけ外側に突出している。従って、前記と同様
に、建物ユニットと隣の建物ユニットとを梁同士を対向
させて据え付けると、対向している梁同士の間にジョイ
ントボックスの厚みの2倍以上の隙間が生ずる。そし
て、このジョイント材やジョイントボックスは梁や柱と
ほぼ同じかそれ以上の機械的強度が要求されるので、通
常、このジョイント材やジョイントボックスの厚みは梁
や柱とほぼ同じかそれ以上の厚みのものを使用する。従
って、建物ユニットの梁と隣の建物ユニットの梁との間
に梁の厚みの2倍以上の隙間が生じている。すると、こ
の両方の対向している梁同士をボルト・ナット等で連結
する際に、梁が変形して強固に連結することができず、
建物ユニットがばらばらに移動したり、梁の強度が向上
しないという問題がある。
Also, in the building unit described in Prior Art Example 5, since the beam and the column are connected by the joint box, this joint box protrudes outside the beam surface by the thickness of the joint box. Therefore, as described above, when the building unit and the adjacent building unit are installed with the beams facing each other, a gap that is twice or more the thickness of the joint box is generated between the facing beams. And since this joint material or joint box is required to have mechanical strength that is almost the same or more than that of a beam or a column, the thickness of this joint material or joint box is usually about the same or more than that of a beam or a column. Use those. Therefore, a gap of twice or more the thickness of the beam is generated between the beam of the building unit and the beam of the adjacent building unit. Then, when connecting these two opposing beams with bolts and nuts, the beams are deformed and cannot be firmly connected,
There is a problem that the building units move apart and the strength of the beam does not improve.

【0010】そこで、通常は、対向している梁の間に梁
の厚みの2倍以上の厚みの小片のスペーサーを挟んでボ
ルト・ナット等で連結している。又、従来例2や従来例
3に記載さている柱省略角部を有するユニット建物で
は、柱省略角部の機械的強度を低下させないために、長
尺体の補強梁を一方の建物ユニットの梁から他方の建物
ユニットの梁に沿わせて差し渡し、この補強梁と梁とを
連結しているが、この補強梁も前記スペーサーと同じ理
由から梁の2倍以上の厚みを必要とする。
Therefore, usually, a small piece spacer having a thickness twice or more the thickness of the beam is interposed between the opposing beams and connected by bolts and nuts. Further, in the unit buildings having the pillar omitted corners described in the conventional example 2 and the conventional example 3, in order not to reduce the mechanical strength of the pillar omitted corners, a long reinforcing beam is used as the beam of one building unit. The reinforcing beam and the beam are connected along the beam of the other building unit, and the reinforcing beam also needs to be twice as thick as the spacer for the same reason as the spacer.

【0011】このように、従来の建物ユニットでは、こ
れを隣接させて据え付けたときに、両側の梁の間に挟む
補強梁やスペーサーの厚みを、梁の厚みの2倍以上にす
る必要があった。しかし、金属板は厚みが厚くなるほど
高価になる。又、梁の間に挿入するために梁の形状に合
わせて切断したり成形したり、梁に取り付けるために通
孔を設ける等の加工が必要であるが、厚みが大きくなる
と加工し難くなる。
As described above, in the conventional building unit, when it is installed adjacent to the building unit, the thickness of the reinforcing beams and spacers sandwiched between the beams on both sides needs to be at least twice the thickness of the beams. Was. However, the thicker the metal plate, the more expensive it becomes. Processing such as cutting or shaping according to the shape of the beam in order to insert it between the beams, or providing a through hole for attaching to the beam is required. However, when the thickness is large, the processing becomes difficult.

【0012】更に、建物ユニットの骨格はメッキ等で防
錆処理を施しているが、補強材をこの建物ユニットの骨
格とほぼ同じだけの耐久性を保ためには、鋼板を補強板
として使用するときに、この補強材も同様に防錆処理を
施こす必要がある。しかし、補強材が連結材やジョイン
トボックスの厚みの2倍以上というように厚くなると、
メッキし難くなる。
Further, the skeleton of the building unit is subjected to a rust-preventive treatment by plating or the like. In order to maintain the durability of the reinforcing material substantially equal to that of the skeleton of the building unit, a steel plate is used as a reinforcing plate. Sometimes, it is necessary for this reinforcing material to be similarly subjected to rust prevention treatment. However, when the reinforcing material becomes thicker than twice the thickness of the connecting material and joint box,
Plating becomes difficult.

【0013】即ち、一般に、薄鋼板をメッキする場合に
は、コイル状に巻かれた鋼板をコイルから巻き戻しなが
ら、湾曲させて溶融している亜鉛または錫等の槽の中を
通過させる所謂どぶ漬けメッキで大量生産しているが、
厚みが2倍以上になると、鋼板が曲げ難くなり、溶融し
ている亜鉛または錫の槽の中を通過させ難くなる。従っ
て、小さく切断したものを溶融している亜鉛または錫の
中に漬けるか、電気メッキする必要があり大量生産し難
く高価になる。
That is, in general, when plating a thin steel sheet, a so-called dowel is made by passing a steel sheet wound in a coil shape through a tank of, for example, zinc or tin that is bent and melted while being unwound from the coil. Mass production by pickling plating,
When the thickness is twice or more, the steel sheet becomes difficult to bend and is difficult to pass through a molten zinc or tin tank. Therefore, it is necessary to dip the small cut pieces in molten zinc or tin or to perform electroplating, which makes mass production difficult and expensive.

【0014】上記の説明では、ユニット建物の補強梁に
ついての問題点を述べたが、一般の建物においても、対
向している梁の間に補強梁を挿入して梁を補強する場合
には同様な問題がある。そこで、この発明の目的は、建
築物の梁に補強梁を取り付けて梁を補強する安価な補強
梁取付構造およびこの補強梁取付構造で対向している梁
を補強したユニット建物を提供することである。
In the above description, the problem with the reinforcing beams in the unit building has been described. However, in a general building, the same applies when reinforcing beams are inserted between opposing beams to reinforce the beams. Problem. Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide an inexpensive reinforcing beam mounting structure in which a reinforcing beam is attached to a building beam to reinforce the beam, and a unit building in which the opposing beam is reinforced by the reinforcing beam mounting structure. is there.

【0015】[0015]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明は上記目的を達成
するためになしたものであって、請求項1記載の発明
は、建築物の梁とこの梁に添設された長尺板の補強梁と
からなる補強梁取付構造であって、前記補強梁は2枚以
上のステンレス薄板または防錆処理を施した薄鋼板を面
同士を密着状態にして重合したものである。
Means for Solving the Problems The present invention has been made to achieve the above-mentioned object, and the invention according to claim 1 provides a beam for a building and a long plate attached to the beam. A reinforcing beam mounting structure comprising a reinforcing beam, wherein the reinforcing beam is formed by stacking two or more thin stainless steel plates or thin steel plates subjected to rust-prevention treatment in a state where their surfaces are in close contact with each other.

【0016】請求項2記載の発明は、建築物の梁とこの
梁に添設された長尺板の補強梁とからなる補強梁取付構
造であって、前記補強梁は、2枚以上の防錆処理を施し
た薄鋼板を面同士を密着状態にして重合し、この重合さ
れた2枚以上の薄鋼板の一部を連結手段で連結し、この
連結部分に防錆処理を施したものである。
According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a reinforcing beam mounting structure comprising a beam of a building and a reinforcing beam of a long plate attached to the beam, wherein the reinforcing beam includes two or more beams. Rust-treated thin steel sheets are polymerized with their surfaces in close contact with each other, a part of the two or more superposed thin steel sheets are connected by a connecting means, and the connected parts are subjected to rust-proof treatment. is there.

【0017】請求項3記載の発明は、建築物の梁とこの
梁に添設された長尺板の補強梁とからなる補強梁取付構
造であって、前記補強梁は、2枚以上の薄鋼板を面同士
を密着状態にして重合し、この重合された2枚以上の薄
鋼板の一部を連結手段で連結し、この連結された2枚以
上の薄鋼板全体の表面に防錆処理を施したものである。
According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a reinforcing beam mounting structure comprising a beam of a building and a reinforcing beam of a long plate attached to the beam, wherein the reinforcing beam includes two or more thin beams. The steel sheets are polymerized with their surfaces in close contact with each other, and a part of the polymerized two or more steel sheets are connected by connecting means, and the entire surface of the connected two or more steel sheets is subjected to rust prevention treatment. It was done.

【0018】この請求項1〜請求項3記載の発明におい
ては薄鋼板を防錆処理を施しているが、この防錆処理と
は錆難くする処理のことであって、メッキ処理や塗装処
理がもっとも好適である。又、メッキ処理をする場合に
は、溶融している亜鉛や錫等の中に漬ける所謂どぶ漬け
メッキが電気メッキより安価であるので好適である。
In the present invention, the thin steel sheet is subjected to a rust-preventive treatment. The rust-preventive treatment is a treatment for preventing rust, and a plating treatment and a coating treatment are not performed. Most preferred. In the case of performing a plating process, so-called dip plating, which is immersed in molten zinc, tin, or the like, is preferable because it is less expensive than electroplating.

【0019】又、請求項2または請求項3記載の発明に
おいては、2枚以上の薄鋼板を重合し、この一部を連結
手段で連結しているが、この連結手段としては種々ある
が、溶接、ボルト連結、かしめ連結等が好適である。こ
こでかしめ連結とは、2枚以上の金属板を重合し、一方
の金属板から他方の金属板にパンチングして一方の金属
板の一部を他方の金属板の中に押し込むことにより2枚
以上の金属板を連結するものである。請求項4記載の発
明は、対向している両側の梁とこの両側の梁の間に挿入
された長尺板の補強梁とからなる補強梁取付構造であっ
て、前記補強梁は、一面に突出した突出部と反対面に突
出した突出部とを有する薄鋼板またはステンレス薄板で
あり、この補強梁の一面の突出部の頂を一方の梁に、
又、補強梁の反対面の突出部の頂を他方の梁にそれぞれ
密着させた状態にして両側の梁が連結されているもので
ある。請求項5記載の発明は、対向している両側の梁と
この両側の梁の間に挿入された長尺板の補強梁とからな
る補強梁取付構造であって、前記補強梁は、一面に突出
した突出部を有する2枚のステンレス薄板または薄鋼板
を突出部を外側に向けて重合したものであり、この補強
梁の両側に突出した突出部の頂をそれぞれ両側の梁の面
に密着させた状態にして両側の梁が連結されているもの
である。
In the second or third aspect of the present invention, two or more thin steel plates are superposed and a part thereof is connected by a connecting means. There are various connecting means. Welding, bolt connection, caulking connection and the like are preferable. Here, caulking connection means that two or more metal plates are overlapped, punched from one metal plate to the other metal plate, and a part of one metal plate is pressed into the other metal plate. The above metal plates are connected. According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a reinforcing beam mounting structure including beams on both sides facing each other and a reinforcing beam of a long plate inserted between the beams on both sides, wherein the reinforcing beams are provided on one surface. It is a thin steel plate or a stainless steel thin plate having a protruding protruding portion and a protruding portion protruding on the opposite surface, and the top of the protruding portion on one surface of the reinforcing beam is formed on one beam,
Also, the beams on both sides are connected with the top of the protruding portion on the opposite surface of the reinforcing beam being in close contact with the other beam. According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a reinforcing beam mounting structure including a beam on both sides facing each other and a reinforcing beam of a long plate inserted between the beams on both sides, wherein the reinforcing beam is provided on one surface. It is made by stacking two stainless steel sheets or thin steel plates having protruding projections with the protruding parts facing outward. The tops of the protruding parts protruding on both sides of the reinforcing beam are brought into close contact with the surfaces of the beams on both sides, respectively. In this state, the beams on both sides are connected.

【0020】請求項1〜請求項5記載の発明に使用する
薄鋼板は通常建物ユニットの柱や梁等に使用する鋼板と
ほぼ同じ厚みの成形し易い鋼板をいい、具体的には、厚
み6mm以下、好ましくは厚み4.5mm以下の鋼板を
いう。又、請求項1、請求項4および請求項5記載の発
明に使用するステンレス薄板も同様に成形し易い厚みの
ステンレス板をいい、具体的には、厚みほぼ6mm以
下、好ましくは厚み4.5mm以下のステンレス板をい
う。
The thin steel sheet used in the first to fifth aspects of the present invention is a steel sheet which is easy to be formed and has a thickness substantially equal to that of a steel sheet used for a pillar or a beam of a building unit. Hereinafter, it preferably refers to a steel sheet having a thickness of 4.5 mm or less. Similarly, the stainless steel sheet used in the first, fourth, and fifth aspects of the present invention also refers to a stainless steel sheet having a thickness that is easily formed, specifically, a thickness of about 6 mm or less, preferably 4.5 mm. Refers to the following stainless steel plates.

【0021】又、この補強梁は、平板状の長尺板だけで
もよいし、取り付ける両側の梁の形状に合わせて種々な
形状に成形したり、通孔を設けたり、スペーサー等を取
り付けたりしたものでもよい。
The reinforcing beam may be a long plate of a flat plate shape, may be formed into various shapes according to the shape of the beam on both sides to be mounted, a through hole may be provided, a spacer or the like may be attached. It may be something.

【0022】又、請求項4や請求項5に記載されている
突出部とは、板面から突出しているものであって、この
突出部が補強梁の長手方向に長いものであってもよい
し、幅方向に長いものであってもよいし、斑点模様に突
出したものであってもよい。
Further, the projecting portion described in claim 4 or 5 is a projecting portion from the plate surface, and the projecting portion may be long in the longitudinal direction of the reinforcing beam. It may be long in the width direction, or may protrude in a spotted pattern.

【0023】請求項6記載の発明は、矩形状の四隅に立
設した柱と、この柱の下端部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結
した床梁と、柱の上端部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結した
天井梁とからなる骨格を有する建物ユニットの複数個を
組み立てたユニット建物であって、前記建物ユニットと
隣の建物ユニットの対向する床梁または対向する天井梁
が請求項1乃至請求項5のいずれかの一に記載の補強梁
取付構造で連結されているものである。
According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a column standing at four corners of a rectangular shape, a floor beam having a lower end connected to the rectangular side along the rectangular side, and a rectangular side at the upper end of the column. A unit building in which a plurality of building units each having a skeleton including a ceiling beam connected along the building unit are assembled, wherein the floor beams or the ceiling beams facing the building unit and the adjacent building unit are opposite to each other. It is connected by the reinforcing beam mounting structure according to any one of claims 5.

【0024】請求項7記載の発明は、矩形状の四隅に立
設した柱と、この柱の下端部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結
した床梁と、柱の上端部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結した
天井梁とからなる骨格を有する建物ユニットの複数個を
組み立てたユニット建物であって、前記下階の建物ユニ
ットの天井梁および上階の床梁と、対向する隣の下階の
建物ユニットの天井梁および上階の床梁とが、高さが天
井梁と床梁の合計にほぼ等しい補強梁を使用して、請求
項1乃至請求項5のいずれかの一に記載の補強梁取付構
造で連結されているものである。
According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, there is provided a column standing at four corners of a rectangular shape, a floor beam having a lower end connected to the rectangular side along the rectangular side, and a rectangular side at the upper end of the column. A unit building in which a plurality of building units each having a skeleton composed of ceiling beams connected along the floor are assembled, and the ceiling beams and the upper floor beams of the lower-floor building units and the lower floor adjacent thereto are opposed to each other. The ceiling beam and the floor beam of the upper floor of the building unit of claim 1, wherein the height of the reinforcing beam is substantially equal to the sum of the ceiling beam and the floor beam, and the reinforcing beam is used. They are connected by a reinforcing beam mounting structure.

【0025】この請求項7記載の発明における床梁と
は、下階の天井梁の上に添設される梁材のことをいい、
上階の床梁、上階の建物ユニットの床梁、屋根パネル、
バルコニーパネル等の梁材、小屋組の梁材等を含む。
The floor beam in the invention according to the seventh aspect is a beam member provided on the ceiling beam on the lower floor.
Upper-floor floor beams, upper-floor building unit floor beams, roof panels,
Includes beams such as balcony panels and huts.

【0026】請求項8記載の発明は、矩形状の四隅に立
設した柱と、この柱の下端部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結
した床梁と、柱の上端部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結した
天井梁とからなる骨格を有する建物ユニットの複数個を
組み立てたユニット建物であって、前記建物ユニットの
4個が突き合わされた場所の柱が省略された柱省略角部
を備え、この柱省略角部を通過する補強梁を使用して、
請求項1乃至請求項5のいずれかの一に記載の補強梁取
付構造で連結されているものである。
According to the present invention, there is provided a pillar standing at four corners of a rectangular shape, a floor beam connecting lower ends of the pillars along the rectangular side, and a rectangular edge at the upper end of the pillar. A unit building in which a plurality of building units each having a skeleton composed of ceiling beams connected along the building are assembled, and a pillar omitted corner portion in which pillars at locations where four of the building units are abutted is omitted. , Using a reinforcing beam that passes through this corner where the column is omitted,
It is connected by the reinforcing beam mounting structure according to any one of claims 1 to 5.

【0027】(作用)請求項1記載の発明では、2枚以
上のステンレス薄板または防錆処理を施した薄鋼板を面
同士を密着状態にして重合した補強梁を使用する。即
ち、補強梁に重合する前のステンレス薄板や薄鋼板は成
形し易いし、又、メッキ等の防錆処理を施し易い。そし
て、補強梁はこのステンレス薄板や薄鋼板を成形したり
防錆処理を施した後、面同士を密着状態に重合して製造
すればよいので、安価となるし、錆び難い。
(Function) In the first aspect of the present invention, a reinforcing beam is used in which two or more stainless steel sheets or thin steel sheets subjected to rust prevention treatment are superimposed on each other so as to be in close contact with each other. That is, the stainless steel sheet or the thin steel sheet before being superposed on the reinforcing beam is easily formed, and is easily subjected to rust prevention treatment such as plating. The reinforcing beam may be manufactured by forming the stainless steel sheet or the thin steel sheet or performing rust prevention treatment, and then polymerizing the surfaces so that the surfaces are in close contact with each other. Therefore, the reinforcing beam is inexpensive and hardly rusts.

【0028】この請求項1記載の発明では、この補強梁
の両側面をそれぞれ対向する両側の梁の面に密着させた
状態にして両側の梁が連結されているのが好ましい。即
ち、この場合では、梁と隣の梁との間に、梁の厚みの2
倍以上の隙間があっても、補強梁は、2枚以上のステン
レス薄板または防錆処理を施した薄鋼板を重合したもの
で厚くなっているため、両側の梁に密着した状態となっ
ている。従って、例えば、ボルト・ナットで締めても、
梁が変形し難く、両側の梁を強固に連結することができ
る。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, it is preferable that both side surfaces of the reinforcing beam are brought into close contact with the surfaces of the opposing two side beams, and the two side beams are connected. That is, in this case, between the beam and the adjacent beam, the thickness of the beam is 2 mm.
Even if there is more than twice the gap, the reinforcing beam is thickened by superposing two or more stainless steel sheets or thin steel sheets that have been subjected to rust prevention treatment, so that they are in close contact with the beams on both sides . Therefore, for example, even if tightened with bolts and nuts,
The beams are not easily deformed, and the beams on both sides can be firmly connected.

【0029】請求項2記載の発明では、2枚以上の防錆
処理を施した薄鋼板を面同士を密着状態にして重合し、
この重合された2枚以上の薄鋼板の一部を連結手段で連
結し、この連結部分に防錆処理を施した補強梁を使用す
る。即ち、補強梁に重合する前の薄鋼板は成形し易い
し、メッキ等の防錆処理を施し易いし、連結手段で連結
し易い。そして、この補強梁は安価な薄鋼板を成形した
り防錆処理をした後、連結して製造すればよいので安価
となる。しかも、この連結部分に防錆処理を施すから、
連結手段で連結する際に防錆処理が破壊されても、この
部分の表面が防錆処理され、錆び難い補強梁となる。
According to the second aspect of the present invention, two or more sheets of rust-proofed thin steel sheets are polymerized so that their surfaces are in close contact with each other,
A part of the two or more superposed thin steel plates is connected by a connecting means, and a reinforcing beam having a rust-proof treatment applied to the connected portion is used. That is, the thin steel plate before being superimposed on the reinforcing beam is easy to form, easily subjected to rust prevention treatment such as plating, and easily connected by the connecting means. This reinforcing beam is inexpensive because it may be manufactured by connecting an inexpensive thin steel sheet after forming it or performing rust prevention treatment, and then connecting it. Moreover, since this connection part is subjected to rust prevention treatment,
Even if the rust preventive treatment is broken when connecting by the connecting means, the surface of this portion is subjected to rust preventive treatment, and the reinforcing beam is hardly rusted.

【0030】この請求項2記載の発明では、この補強梁
の両側面をそれぞれ対向する両側の梁の面に密着させた
状態にして両側の梁が連結されているのが好ましい。即
ち、この場合には、梁と隣の梁との間に、梁の厚みの2
倍以上の隙間があっても、補強梁は、防錆処理を施した
薄鋼板を2枚以上重合したもので厚くなっているため、
両側の梁に密着した状態となっている。従って、例え
ば、ボルト・ナットで締めても、梁が変形し難く、両側
の梁を強固に連結することができる。
According to the second aspect of the present invention, it is preferable that both side surfaces of the reinforcing beam are brought into close contact with the surfaces of the opposing side beams, and the two side beams are connected. That is, in this case, between the beam and the adjacent beam, the thickness of the beam is 2 mm.
Even if there is a gap more than twice, the reinforcing beam is thickened by superposing two or more sheets of rust-proof thin steel sheet,
It is in close contact with the beams on both sides. Therefore, for example, even if the beams are tightened with bolts and nuts, the beams are hardly deformed, and the beams on both sides can be firmly connected.

【0031】請求項3記載の発明では、2枚以上の薄鋼
板を面同士を密着状態にして重合し、この重合した2枚
以上の薄鋼板の一部を連結手段で連結した補強梁を使用
する。即ち、重合する前の薄鋼板は成形し易いし、連結
手段で連結し易い。そして、この補強梁は安価な薄鋼板
を成形し連結した後、防錆処理を施して補強梁に製造す
ればよいので、安価となる。しかも、この連結された2
枚以上の薄鋼板全体の表面に防錆処理を施すので、防錆
処理が一度でよい。
According to the third aspect of the present invention, a reinforcing beam is used in which two or more thin steel plates are superposed with their surfaces in close contact with each other, and a part of the superposed two or more thin steel plates is connected by connecting means. I do. That is, the thin steel sheet before polymerization is easily formed and is easily connected by the connecting means. The reinforcing beams can be manufactured at low cost by forming and connecting inexpensive thin steel plates and then performing rust prevention treatment to produce the reinforcing beams. Moreover, this connected 2
Since the rust-proofing treatment is performed on the entire surface of at least one thin steel sheet, the rust-proofing treatment may be performed only once.

【0032】この請求項3記載の発明では、この補強梁
の両側面をそれぞれ対向する両側の梁の面に密着させた
状態にして両側の梁が連結されているのが好ましい。即
ち、この場合には、梁と隣の梁との間に、梁の厚みの2
倍以上の隙間があっても、補強梁は、2枚以上の防錆処
理を施した薄鋼板を重合したもので厚くなっているた
め、両側の梁に密着した状態となっている。従って、例
えば、ボルト・ナットで締めても、補強梁が両側の梁に
密着した状態となっていて梁が変形し難く、両側の梁を
強固に連結することができる。
In the third aspect of the present invention, it is preferable that both side surfaces of the reinforcing beam are brought into close contact with the opposing side surfaces of the opposite side beams, and the two side beams are connected. That is, in this case, between the beam and the adjacent beam, the thickness of the beam is 2 mm.
Even if there is a gap twice or more, the reinforcing beam is made of superposed two or more rust-proofed thin steel plates and is thick, so that it is in close contact with the beams on both sides. Therefore, for example, even when tightened with bolts and nuts, the reinforcing beams are in close contact with the beams on both sides, so that the beams are not easily deformed, and the beams on both sides can be firmly connected.

【0033】請求項4記載の発明では、一面に突出した
突出部と反対面に突出した突出部とを有するステンレス
薄板または薄鋼板を補強梁として使用する。即ち、ステ
ンレス薄板や薄鋼板は成形し易いので、ステンレス薄板
や薄鋼板を成形して補強梁を簡単に製造することができ
る。
According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, a thin stainless steel plate or a thin steel plate having a protrusion protruding on one surface and a protrusion protruding on the opposite surface is used as a reinforcing beam. That is, since a stainless steel plate or a thin steel plate is easily formed, a reinforcing beam can be easily manufactured by forming a stainless steel plate or a thin steel plate.

【0034】この請求項4記載の発明では、この補強梁
の一面の突出部の頂を一方の梁に、又、補強梁の反対面
の突出部の頂を他方の梁にそれぞれ密着させた状態にし
て両側の梁が連結されいる。即ち、梁と隣の梁との間に
梁の厚みの2倍以上の隙間があっても、補強梁には、ス
テンレス薄板や薄鋼板の両側面から突出した突出部が設
けられているため、補強梁の両方の突出部の頂が両側の
梁に密着した状態となっている。従って、例えば、ボル
ト・ナットで締めても、梁が変形し難く、両側の梁を連
結することができる。
According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, the top of the protrusion on one surface of the reinforcing beam is brought into close contact with one beam, and the top of the protrusion on the opposite surface of the reinforcing beam is brought into close contact with the other beam. And the beams on both sides are connected. That is, even if there is a gap of two times or more the thickness of the beam between the beam and the adjacent beam, since the reinforcing beams are provided with protrusions projecting from both sides of the stainless steel sheet or the steel sheet, The tops of both protrusions of the reinforcing beam are in close contact with the beams on both sides. Therefore, for example, even if the beams are tightened with bolts and nuts, the beams are hardly deformed, and the beams on both sides can be connected.

【0035】更に、例えば、ボルト・ナットで強固に締
めて連結すると、突出部が若干押さえ付けられて低くな
り、この突出部が元の状態に戻ろうとする弾性により両
側の梁の連結が極めて強固である。
Further, for example, when the connection is made by firmly tightening with bolts and nuts, the protrusion is slightly pressed down and becomes lower, and the connection between the beams on both sides is extremely strong due to the elasticity of the protrusion trying to return to the original state. It is.

【0036】請求項5記載の発明では、一面に突出した
突出部を有する2枚のステンレス薄板または薄鋼板を突
出部を外側に向けて重合した補強梁を使用する。即ち、
ステンレス薄板や薄鋼板は成形し易いので、ステンレス
薄板や薄鋼板を成形し、この2枚を重合して簡単に補強
梁を製造することができる。
According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, a reinforcing beam is used in which two stainless steel sheets or thin steel sheets each having a projecting portion projecting on one surface are superposed with the projecting portions facing outward. That is,
Since a stainless steel sheet or a thin steel sheet is easy to form, it is possible to form a stainless steel sheet or a thin steel sheet and superimpose the two sheets to easily manufacture a reinforcing beam.

【0037】この請求項5記載の発明では、この補強梁
の両側に突出した突出部の頂をそれぞれ両側の梁の面に
密着させた状態にして両側の梁が連結されている。即
ち、両側の梁の間に梁の厚みの2倍以上の隙間があって
も、補強梁は、2枚の薄鋼板の突出部を外側に向けて重
合したものであるため、梁と隣の梁との間に、補強梁の
突出部の頂がそれぞれ両側の梁に密着した状態になって
いる。従って、例えば、ボルト・ナットで締めても、梁
が変形し難く、両側の梁を強固に連結することができ
る。
According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, the beams on both sides are connected with the tops of the projecting portions projecting from both sides of the reinforcing beam being in close contact with the surfaces of the beams on both sides. That is, even if there is a gap between the beams on both sides that is twice or more the thickness of the beam, the reinforcing beam is formed by stacking the projecting portions of the two thin steel plates outward, so that the reinforcing beam is adjacent to the beam. Between the beams, the tops of the protruding portions of the reinforcing beams are in close contact with the beams on both sides. Therefore, for example, even if the beams are tightened with bolts and nuts, the beams are hardly deformed, and the beams on both sides can be firmly connected.

【0038】更に、例えば、ボルト・ナットで強固に締
めて連結すると、突出部が若干押さえ付けられて低くな
り、この突出部が元の状態に戻ろうとする弾性により両
側の梁の連結は極めて強固である。
Further, for example, when the connection is made by firmly tightening with bolts and nuts, the protrusion is slightly pressed down and becomes lower, and the connection between the beams on both sides is extremely strong due to the elasticity of the protrusion trying to return to the original state. It is.

【0039】請求項6記載の発明は、建物ユニットと隣
の建物ユニットの対向する床梁または対向する天井梁が
請求項1乃至請求項5のいずれかの一に記載の補強梁取
付構造で連結されているから、床梁または天井梁が、請
求項1〜請求項5のそれぞれの項に記載されている作用
によって、補強梁が簡単にしかも安価に製造できるし、
この補強板で両側の梁が強固に連結される。
According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, an opposing floor beam or an opposing ceiling beam of a building unit and an adjacent building unit are connected by the reinforcing beam mounting structure according to any one of the first to fifth aspects. Since the floor beam or the ceiling beam can be manufactured, the reinforcing beam can be easily and inexpensively manufactured by the action described in each of claims 1 to 5.
The beams on both sides are firmly connected by this reinforcing plate.

【0040】請求項7記載の発明は、下階の建物ユニッ
トの天井梁および上階の床梁と、対向する隣の下階の建
物ユニットの天井梁および上階の床梁とが、請求項1乃
至請求項5のいずれかの一に記載の補強梁取付構造で連
結されているものであるから、床梁または天井梁が、請
求項1〜請求項5のそれぞれの項に記載されている作用
によって、補強梁が簡単にしかも安価に製造できるし、
この補強梁で両側の天井梁と床梁が強固に連結される。
According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, the ceiling beam and the floor beam of the lower floor building unit and the ceiling beam and the upper floor beam of the adjacent lower floor building unit are opposed to each other. Since it is connected by the reinforcing beam mounting structure according to any one of claims 1 to 5, a floor beam or a ceiling beam is described in each of claims 1 to 5. By the action, the reinforcing beam can be easily and inexpensively manufactured,
The ceiling beams and floor beams on both sides are firmly connected by the reinforcing beams.

【0041】しかも、このときの補強梁は、高さが下階
の建物ユニットの天井梁と上階の床梁との合計にほぼ等
しいから、補強梁は高さが極めて高く、垂直方向の機械
的強度(撓みや曲げ強度)が極めて大きい。従って、こ
の補強梁を取り付けた梁の機械的強度は極めて大きく、
最も機械的強度を必要とする柱省略角部を有するユニッ
ト建物に適用しても梁が撓まない。
In addition, since the height of the reinforcing beam at this time is substantially equal to the sum of the ceiling beam of the building unit on the lower floor and the floor beam on the upper floor, the reinforcing beam is extremely high and the vertical The mechanical strength (bending and bending strength) is extremely large. Therefore, the mechanical strength of the beam to which this reinforcing beam is attached is extremely large,
Even if it is applied to a unit building having a pillar omitted corner that requires the most mechanical strength, the beam does not bend.

【0042】請求項8記載の発明は、建物ユニットの4
個が突き合わされた場所の柱が省略された柱省略角部を
備え、この柱省略角部を通過する補強梁を使用して、請
求項1乃至請求項5のいずれかの一に記載の補強梁取付
構造で連結されているから、床梁または天井梁が、請求
項1〜請求項5のそれぞれの項に記載されている作用に
よって、補強梁が簡単にしかも安価に製造できるし、こ
の補強梁で両側の天井梁と床梁が強固に連結される。し
かも、このときの補強梁は、柱省略角部を通過するか
ら、この柱省略角部が補強されて梁が撓まない。
The invention according to claim 8 is directed to the building unit 4.
The reinforcement according to any one of claims 1 to 5, further comprising a column omitted corner where the column at the place where the pieces are abutted is omitted, and a reinforcing beam passing through the column omitted corner is used. Since the floor beams or the ceiling beams are connected by the beam mounting structure, the reinforcing beams can be easily and inexpensively manufactured by the actions described in the first to fifth aspects of the present invention. Ceiling beams and floor beams on both sides are firmly connected by beams. In addition, since the reinforcing beam at this time passes through the column omitted corner, the column omitted corner is reinforced and the beam is not bent.

【0043】[0043]

【発明の実施の形態】次に、本発明の実施の形態を示
す。 (実施例1)図1〜図5は本発明を柱省略角部を有する
ユニット建物に適用した一実施例を示すもので、図1
(イ)はユニット建物を示す斜視図、(ロ)は(イ)の
1階部分の建物ユニットの配置図、図2は建物ユニット
の骨格を示す斜視図、図3は柱省略角部を有する建物ユ
ニットの骨格を示す斜視図、図4は柱省略角部を有する
建物ユニットに補強梁を取り付けている状態を示す斜視
図、図5(イ)は補強梁の正面図、(ロ)は(イ)のA
−A線における断面図である。
Next, an embodiment of the present invention will be described. (Embodiment 1) FIGS. 1 to 5 show one embodiment in which the present invention is applied to a unit building having a corner part without a pillar.
(A) is a perspective view showing a unit building, (B) is a layout view of a building unit on the first floor portion of (A), FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing a skeleton of the building unit, and FIG. FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a skeleton of a building unit, FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a state in which a reinforcing beam is attached to a building unit having a column omitted corner, FIG. 5A is a front view of the reinforcing beam, and FIG. A) A
It is sectional drawing in the -A line.

【0044】図1〜図5において、Uはユニット建物で
あり、このユニット建物Uは、図1に示すように、基礎
9の上に5個の建物ユニット1と4個の柱省略角部を有
する建物ユニット2とが据え付けられ、この5個の建物
ユニット1と4個の柱省略角を有する建物ユニット2の
上に9個の建物ユニット1が据え付けられ、この9個の
建物ユニット1の上に屋根ユニット4が据え付けられた
ものである。
In FIGS. 1 to 5, U is a unit building. As shown in FIG. 1, the unit building U has five building units 1 and four pillar omitted corners on a foundation 9 as shown in FIG. Building units 2 are installed. Nine building units 1 are installed on the five building units 1 and the building unit 2 having the four column omission angles. The roof unit 4 is installed on the vehicle.

【0045】建物ユニット1は、図2に示すように、矩
形状の四隅に配置した4本の柱11と、この4本の柱1
1の上端部を矩形状の辺に沿ってジョイント材14を介
して連結した天井梁13と、この4本の柱11の下端部
を矩形状の辺に沿ってジョイント材14を介して連結し
た床梁12とからなる骨格を有し、この相対する天井梁
13、13に天井野縁17を差し渡し、この天井野縁1
7の下面に天井材を取り付けて天井を形成し、相対する
床梁12、12に床小梁15を差し渡し、この床小梁1
5の上に床根太16を取り付け、この床根太16の上に
床材を取り付けて床を形成し、天井梁13と床梁12と
の間に間柱19を取り付け、この間柱19に壁パネルを
取り付けて壁を形成したものである。
As shown in FIG. 2, the building unit 1 includes four pillars 11 arranged at four corners of a rectangular shape, and the four pillars 1.
The ceiling beam 13 whose upper end is connected along a rectangular side via a joint member 14 and the lower ends of these four pillars 11 are connected via a joint member 14 along a rectangular side. It has a skeleton composed of a floor beam 12, and a ceiling edge 17 is inserted between the opposite ceiling beams 13, 13.
7, a ceiling material is attached to the lower surface to form a ceiling, and a floor beam 15 is inserted between the opposing floor beams 12, 12, and this floor beam 1
A floor joist 16 is mounted on the floor 5, a floor material is mounted on the floor joist 16 to form a floor, a stud 19 is mounted between the ceiling beam 13 and the floor beam 12, and a wall panel is mounted on the stud 19. It is attached to form a wall.

【0046】柱省略角部を有する建物ユニット2は、図
3に示すように、矩形状の四隅に配置した3本の柱21
と上下にジョイント材31、32を仮固定した仮柱3
と、この3本の柱11の上端部に取り付けられたジョイ
ント材24や仮柱3に取り付けられたジョイント材31
を矩形状の辺に沿って連結した天井梁23と、この2本
の柱11の下端部に取り付けられたジョイント材24や
仮柱3に取り付けられたジョイント材32を矩形状の辺
に沿って連結した床梁22とからなる骨格を有し、この
相対する天井梁23、23に天井野縁27を差し渡し、
この天井野縁27の下面に天井材を取り付けて天井を形
成し、相対する床梁22、22に床小梁25を差し渡
し、この床小梁25の上に床根太26取り付け、この床
根太26の上に床材を取り付けて床を形成し、天井梁2
3と床梁22との間に間柱29を取り付け、この間柱2
9に壁パネルを取り付けて壁を形成したものである。
As shown in FIG. 3, the building unit 2 having the pillar omitted corners has three pillars 21 arranged at four rectangular corners.
And temporary column 3 with joint materials 31 and 32 temporarily fixed vertically
And a joint member 24 attached to the upper ends of the three pillars 11 and a joint member 31 attached to the temporary pillar 3
Along the rectangular side, and the joint member 24 attached to the lower ends of the two columns 11 and the joint member 32 attached to the temporary column 3 along the rectangular side. It has a skeleton composed of connected floor beams 22, and a ceiling edge 27 is inserted between the opposed ceiling beams 23, 23,
A ceiling material is attached to the lower surface of the ceiling edge 27 to form a ceiling, a floor beam 25 is inserted between the opposing floor beams 22, 22, and a floor joist 26 is mounted on the floor beam 25, and the floor joist 26 is attached. A floor material is formed on the floor, and a ceiling beam 2
A stud 29 is attached between the floor beam 3 and the floor beam 22, and this stud 2
9, a wall panel is attached to form a wall.

【0047】建物ユニット1および柱省略角部を有する
建物ユニット2は短辺方向の長さがほぼ2464mmで
あり、長辺方向の長さがほぼ5640mmであり、高さ
がほぼ2830mmであり、床梁12、22および天井
梁13、23の厚みはほぼ4.5mmである。又、ジョ
イント材14、24、31、32の全ての厚みはほぼ
4.5mmである。
The building unit 1 and the building unit 2 having the pillar omitted corner have a length in the short side direction of about 2464 mm, a length in the long side direction of about 5640 mm, a height of about 2830 mm, and a floor. The thickness of the beams 12, 22 and the ceiling beams 13, 23 is approximately 4.5 mm. The thickness of all the joint members 14, 24, 31, 32 is approximately 4.5 mm.

【0048】5は短辺方向の天井梁23を補強する補強
梁であり、この補強梁5の長さは4800mmで、高さ
は1階の柱省略角部を有する建物ユニット2の天井梁2
3と2階の建物ユニット1の床梁12の合計の長さにほ
ぼ同じである。6は長辺方向の天井梁23を補強する補
強梁であり、この補強梁6の長さはほぼ5400mm
で、高さは1階の柱省略角部を有する建物ユニット2の
天井梁23と2階の建物ユニット1の床梁12の合成の
長さにほぼ同じである。
Reference numeral 5 denotes a reinforcing beam for reinforcing the ceiling beam 23 in the short side direction. The length of the reinforcing beam 5 is 4800 mm, and the height thereof is the ceiling beam 2 of the building unit 2 having the pillar omitted corner on the first floor.
It is almost the same as the total length of the floor beams 12 of the building units 1 on the third and second floors. Reference numeral 6 denotes a reinforcing beam for reinforcing the ceiling beam 23 in the long side direction. The length of the reinforcing beam 6 is approximately 5400 mm.
The height is almost the same as the combined length of the ceiling beam 23 of the building unit 2 having the pillar omitted corner portion on the first floor and the floor beam 12 of the building unit 1 on the second floor.

【0049】この補強梁5(6)は、図5に示すよう
に、厚みがほぼ4.5mmのメッキ処理が施された鋼製
の長尺体の2枚を面同士を密着した状態にして重合し、
ボルト・ナット51(61)で連結し、更に、両側面に
スペーサー52(62)を溶接し、このスペーサー52
(62)部分に通孔53(63)を設け、更に、ボルト
・ナット51(61)や溶接部分や通孔53(63)部
分に塗装の防錆処理を施したものである。屋根ユニット
4の構造は従来と同じであるので説明を省略する。尚、
この屋根ユニット4は屋根パネルであってもよいし、現
場で小屋組にしたものでも構わない。
As shown in FIG. 5, this reinforcing beam 5 (6) is formed by bringing two long steel plates having a thickness of approximately 4.5 mm and plated with each other into close contact with each other. Polymerized,
They are connected by bolts and nuts 51 (61), and spacers 52 (62) are welded to both side surfaces.
A through hole 53 (63) is provided in the (62) portion, and further, a rust prevention treatment of the coating is applied to the bolt / nut 51 (61), the welded portion and the through hole 53 (63). Since the structure of the roof unit 4 is the same as the conventional one, the description is omitted. still,
The roof unit 4 may be a roof panel, or may be a hut assembled on site.

【0050】そして、ユニット建物Uは、柱省略角部を
有する建物ユニット2の長辺同士を対向させ、柱省略角
部を突き合わせて、建物ユニット2を据え付け、図4に
示すように、一方の建物ユニット2の天井梁23が対向
している隙間58から他方の建物ユニット2の天井梁2
3が対向している隙間59に補強梁5を挿入し、補強梁
5の通孔53とに通されたボルト・ナットで、両側の天
井梁23と、この間に挿入された補強梁5とを連結し、
又、柱省略角部を有する建物ユニット2の天井梁23が
対向している2箇所の隙間68、69にそれぞれ補強梁
6を挿入し、補強梁6の通孔63とに通されたボルト・
ナットで、両側の天井梁23と、この間に挿入された補
強梁6とを連結した後、仮柱3をジョイント材31、3
2から取り外し、この柱省略角部を有する建物ユニット
2の周囲に建物ユニット1の長辺同士や短辺同士を対向
させて据え付けて1階が構成され、この1階の建物ユニ
ット1および柱省略角部を有する建物ユニット2の上に
建物ユニット1が据え付けて2階が構成され、この2階
の建物ユニット2の上に屋根ユニット4が据え付けられ
たものである。
Then, in the unit building U, the long sides of the building unit 2 having the pillar omitted corners are opposed to each other, the pillar omitted corners are abutted, and the building unit 2 is installed, and as shown in FIG. From the gap 58 where the ceiling beam 23 of the building unit 2 faces, the ceiling beam 2 of the other building unit 2
The reinforcing beam 5 is inserted into the gap 59 opposed to the ceiling beam 3, and the ceiling beam 23 on both sides and the reinforcing beam 5 inserted between the ceiling beam 23 with bolts and nuts passed through the through hole 53 of the reinforcing beam 5. Concatenate,
Further, the reinforcing beams 6 are inserted into the two gaps 68 and 69 where the ceiling beams 23 of the building unit 2 having the column omitted corners face each other, and the bolts and bolts passed through the through holes 63 of the reinforcing beams 6 are inserted.
After connecting the ceiling beams 23 on both sides and the reinforcing beams 6 inserted between them with nuts, the temporary columns 3 are connected to the joint members 31, 3.
2 and is installed around the building unit 2 having the pillar omitted corners with the long sides and short sides of the building unit 1 facing each other to form the first floor. The building unit 1 on the first floor and the pillar omitted The building unit 1 is installed on a building unit 2 having a corner to form a second floor, and a roof unit 4 is installed on the building unit 2 on the second floor.

【0051】次に、このユニット建物Uの施工方法を説
明する。工場で、図2に示すように、矩形状の四隅に4
本の柱11を配置し、この4本の柱11の上端部を天井
梁13で矩形状の辺に沿ってジョイント材14を介して
連結し、この4本の柱11の下端部を床梁12で矩形状
の辺に沿ってジョイント材14を介して連結して建物ユ
ニット1の骨格を製造し、この建物ユニット1の骨格の
相対する天井梁13、13に天井野縁17を差し渡し、
この天井野縁17の下面に天井材を取り付けて天井を形
成し、相対する床梁12、12に床小梁15を差し渡
し、この床小梁15の上に床根太16を取り付け、この
床根太16の上に床材を取り付けて床を形成し、天井梁
13と床梁12との間に間柱19を取り付け、この間柱
19に壁パネルを取り付けて壁を形成して建物ユニット
1を製造する。
Next, a method of constructing the unit building U will be described. At the factory, as shown in FIG.
The four pillars 11 are arranged, and the upper ends of the four pillars 11 are connected by a ceiling beam 13 along a rectangular side via a joint member 14, and the lower ends of the four pillars 11 are floor beams. At 12, the skeleton of the building unit 1 is manufactured by connecting along the rectangular side via the joint member 14, and the ceiling edge 17 is passed over the opposite ceiling beams 13, 13 of the skeleton of the building unit 1.
A ceiling material is attached to the lower surface of the ceiling edge 17 to form a ceiling, a floor beam 15 is inserted between opposing floor beams 12, 12, a floor joist 16 is mounted on the floor beam 15, and a floor joist is attached. A floor material is mounted on the floor 16 to form a floor, a stud 19 is mounted between the ceiling beam 13 and the floor beam 12, and a wall panel is mounted on the stud 19 to form a wall to manufacture the building unit 1. .

【0052】又、図3に示すように、矩形状の四隅に3
本の柱21と上下にジョイント材31、32を仮固定し
た仮柱3とを配置し、この3本の柱11の上端部に取り
付けられたジョイント材24や仮柱3に取り付けられた
ジョイント材31を天井梁23で矩形状の辺に沿って連
結し、この2本の柱11の下端部に取り付けられたジョ
イント材24や仮柱3に取り付けられたジョイント材3
2を床梁22で矩形状の辺に沿って連結して柱省略角部
を有する建物ユニット2の骨格を製造し、この柱省略角
部を有する建物ユニット2の骨格の相対する天井梁2
3、23に天井野縁27を差し渡し、この天井野縁27
の下面に天井材を取り付けて天井を形成し、相対する床
梁22、22に床小梁24を差し渡し、この上に床根太
25を取り付け、この床根太25の上に床材を取り付け
て床を形成し、天井梁23と床梁22との間に間柱29
を取り付け、この間柱29に壁パネルを取り付けて壁を
形成して柱省略角部を有する建物ユニット2を製造す
る。
As shown in FIG. 3, three rectangular corners
The three pillars 21 and the temporary pillar 3 to which the joint materials 31 and 32 are temporarily fixed are arranged on the upper and lower sides, and the joint material 24 attached to the upper end of the three pillars 11 and the joint material attached to the temporary pillar 3 31 are connected along a rectangular side by a ceiling beam 23, and a joint member 24 attached to the lower ends of the two columns 11 and a joint member 3 attached to the temporary column 3
2 are connected along the sides of the rectangular shape with floor beams 22 to produce a skeleton of the building unit 2 having the pillar omitted corners, and the ceiling beams 2 of the building unit 2 having the pillar omitted corners are opposed to each other.
3 and 23, the ceiling edge 27 is inserted.
A ceiling material is formed on the lower surface of the floor, a floor beam 24 is inserted between the opposing floor beams 22, 22, a floor joist 25 is mounted thereon, and a floor material is mounted on the floor joist 25. And a stud 29 between the ceiling beam 23 and the floor beam 22.
Then, a wall panel is attached to the studs 29 to form a wall, and the building unit 2 having the pillar omitted corners is manufactured.

【0053】厚みほぼ4.5mmの鋼製のメッキ処理さ
れた長尺体の2枚を面同士を密着した状態に重合し、ボ
ルト・ナット51で連結し、更に、両側面にスペーサー
52を溶接し、このスペーサー52部分に通孔53を設
け、更に、ボルト・ナット51や溶接部分や通孔53部
分に塗装の防錆処理を施して補強梁5を製造する。同様
に、厚みほぼ4.5mmの鋼製のメッキ処理された2枚
の長尺体を面同士を密着した状態に重合し、ボルト・ナ
ット61で連結し、更に、両側面にスペーサー62を溶
接し、このスペーサー62部分に通孔63を設け、更
に、ボルト・ナット61や溶接部分や通孔63部分に塗
装の防錆処理を施して補強梁6を製造する。
Two steel-plated long bodies having a thickness of about 4.5 mm are superposed on each other in a state where the surfaces are in close contact with each other, connected by bolts and nuts 51, and further, spacers 52 are welded to both sides. Then, a through hole 53 is provided in the spacer 52 portion, and a rustproofing treatment is applied to the bolt / nut 51, the welded portion and the through hole 53 portion to manufacture the reinforcing beam 5. Similarly, two long plates of approximately 4.5 mm in thickness, which are made of steel and plated, are superimposed on each other in a state where they are in close contact with each other, connected with bolts and nuts 61, and further, spacers 62 are welded to both sides. Then, a through-hole 63 is provided in the spacer 62 portion, and further, a rust-proofing treatment is applied to the bolt / nut 61, the welded portion and the through-hole 63 portion to manufacture the reinforcing beam 6.

【0054】このように、補強梁5(6)は、予め、厚
みほぼ4.5mmというように、成形し易い薄鋼板を使
用するので、スペーサー52(62)を溶接したり、通
孔53(63)を穿設する等の加工し易く、安価に製造
できる。尚、補強梁5(6)が2枚の薄鋼板を重合して
厚くなっているので、スペーサー52(62)は従来よ
り薄いものでよく、従って、スペーサー52(62)を
薄鋼板に溶接して簡単に補強梁5(6)にすることがで
きる。又、この補強梁5(6)に使用する薄鋼板はメッ
キ処理され、しかも、補強梁5(6)に加工する際にメ
ッキ等の防錆処理が剥がれた部分を塗装するので、この
補強梁5(6)は錆び難い。更に、屋根ユニット4等を
製造する。
As described above, since the reinforcing beam 5 (6) is made of a thin steel plate which is easy to form so as to have a thickness of about 4.5 mm in advance, the spacer 52 (62) is welded or the through hole 53 ( 63) can be easily processed by drilling, etc., and can be manufactured at low cost. In addition, since the reinforcing beam 5 (6) is thickened by overlapping two thin steel plates, the spacer 52 (62) may be thinner than before, and therefore, the spacer 52 (62) is welded to the thin steel plate. Thus, the reinforcing beam 5 (6) can be easily formed. Further, the thin steel plate used for the reinforcing beam 5 (6) is plated, and when the reinforcing beam 5 (6) is processed, a portion where rust prevention treatment such as plating is removed is painted. 5 (6) is hard to rust. Further, the roof unit 4 and the like are manufactured.

【0055】このようにして製造した建物ユニット1、
柱省略角部を有する建物ユニット2、補強梁5、補強梁
6、屋根ユニット4等を施工現場に運搬する。施工現場
では、予め設けている基礎9の上に、柱省略角部を有す
る建物ユニット2を、長辺同士を対向させ、柱省略角部
を突き合わせて据え付け、図4に示すように、一方の建
物ユニット2の天井梁23が対向している隙間58から
他方の建物ユニット2の天井梁23が対向している隙間
59に補強梁5を挿入し、又、柱省略角部を有する建物
ユニット2の天井梁23が対向している2箇所の隙間6
8、69にそれぞれ補強梁6を挿入し、この補強梁5、
6をそれぞれ両側の天井梁23で挟んで、通孔53、6
3を通したボルトとこのボルトに螺着されたナットで取
り付ける。
The building unit 1 manufactured as described above,
The building unit 2, the reinforcing beams 5, the reinforcing beams 6, the roof unit 4, and the like having the column omitted corners are transported to the construction site. At the construction site, a building unit 2 having a pillar omitted corner is installed on a pre-installed foundation 9 with the long sides facing each other, and the pillar omitted corner is abutted, as shown in FIG. The reinforcing beam 5 is inserted from the gap 58 where the ceiling beam 23 of the building unit 2 faces the gap 59 where the ceiling beam 23 of the other building unit 2 faces, and the building unit 2 having the column omitted corner portion. Gaps 6 at which the ceiling beams 23 are facing each other
8 and 69, the reinforcing beams 6 are inserted, respectively.
6 are sandwiched between the ceiling beams 23 on both sides, and the through holes 53, 6
3 and a nut screwed onto the bolt.

【0056】すると、補強梁5(6)は薄鋼板の2枚を
重合し、スペーサー52(62)を溶接したもので、厚
くなっているために、建物ユニット2の天井梁23と隣
の建物ユニット2の天井梁23との間に梁の厚みの2倍
以上の隙間58、59、68、69があっても、補強梁
5、6の両側面(スペーサー52(63)面)がそれぞ
れ両側の天井梁23に密着した状態になっている。従っ
て、ボルト・ナット51(61)で締めても、天井梁2
3が変形し難く、強固に両側の天井梁23を連結するこ
とができる。
Then, the reinforcing beam 5 (6) is obtained by superposing two thin steel plates and welding the spacer 52 (62). Since the reinforcing beam 5 (6) is thick, the ceiling beam 23 of the building unit 2 and the adjacent building are connected. Even if there are gaps 58, 59, 68, 69 between the ceiling beams 23 of the unit 2 and more than twice the thickness of the beams, both sides (spacers 52 (63)) of the reinforcing beams 5, 6 are on both sides, respectively. Is in close contact with the ceiling beam 23 of FIG. Therefore, even if the bolts and nuts 51 (61) are tightened, the ceiling beams 2
3 is hardly deformed, and the ceiling beams 23 on both sides can be firmly connected.

【0057】その後、仮柱3をジョイント材31、32
から取り外し、この周囲に建物ユニット1を長辺同士や
短辺同士を対向させて据え付けて1階を完成させる。次
に、この1階の建物ユニット1および柱省略角部を有す
る建物ユニット2の上に建物ユニット1を据え付けて2
階を完成させ、この2階の建物ユニット2の上に屋根ユ
ニット4を据え付け、その他の仕上げを行うと、ユニッ
ト建物Uが完成する。
Thereafter, the temporary pillar 3 is connected to the joint members 31, 32.
And the building unit 1 is installed around this with the long sides and the short sides facing each other to complete the first floor. Next, the building unit 1 is installed on the building unit 1 on the first floor and the building unit 2 having the pillar omitted corner, and
When the floor is completed, the roof unit 4 is installed on the building unit 2 on the second floor, and other finishing is performed, the unit building U is completed.

【0058】このようにして完成したユニット建物Uで
は、この柱省略角部を有する建物ユニット2を、建物ユ
ニット1等と共にユニット建物Uに組み立てた後に、仮
柱3がジョイント材31、32から外されているので、
この仮柱3の部分に広く連続した居住空間を形成させる
ことができる。又、このユニット建物Uでは、ほぼ一直
線状になっている柱省略角部を通過する一方の建物ユニ
ット2の短辺の天井梁と他方の建物ユニット2の短辺の
天井梁とに短辺の2倍にほぼ等しい長さの補強梁5が差
し渡され、この補強梁5の両側面を密着した状態にして
対向する天井梁23が強固に連結されているから、この
柱省略角部を構成する短辺方向の天井梁23は補強され
て撓み難い。
In the unit building U completed in this way, after assembling the building unit 2 having the pillar omitted corners together with the building unit 1 and the like into the unit building U, the temporary columns 3 are separated from the joint members 31 and 32. Has been
A wide and continuous living space can be formed in the temporary column 3. Further, in this unit building U, the short side ceiling beam of one building unit 2 and the short side ceiling beam of the other building unit 2 that pass through the substantially straight pillar-eliminated corner are formed. The reinforcing beam 5 having a length almost equal to twice is inserted, and the opposing ceiling beam 23 is firmly connected with both side surfaces of the reinforcing beam 5 in close contact with each other. The ceiling beam 23 in the short side direction is reinforced and hardly bent.

【0059】又、柱省略角部を構成する長辺の天井梁2
3に、長辺にほぼ等しい長さの別の補強梁6が差し渡さ
れ、この補強梁6の両側面を密着した状態にして対向す
る天井梁23が強固に連結されているから、この長辺の
天井梁23は補強されて撓み難い。
Further, the long side ceiling beam 2 constituting the pillar omitted corner portion 2
3, another reinforcing beam 6 having a length substantially equal to the long side is inserted, and the opposing ceiling beams 23 are firmly connected to each other with both sides of the reinforcing beam 6 in close contact with each other. The side ceiling beams 23 are reinforced and hardly bent.

【0060】(実施例2)図6は本発明の他の実施例を
示すもので、(イ)〜(ニ)はそれぞれ異なる補強梁を
示す断面図である。図6に示す実施例2を図1〜図5に
示す実施例1と比較すると、補強梁5a〜5d、6a〜
6dの構造が異なるので、この補強梁5a〜5d、6a
〜6dについて説明する。
(Embodiment 2) FIG. 6 shows another embodiment of the present invention, and (a) to (d) are sectional views showing different reinforcing beams. Comparing Example 2 shown in FIG. 6 with Example 1 shown in FIGS. 1 to 5, reinforcing beams 5a to 5d and 6a to
6d, the reinforcing beams 5a to 5d, 6a
6d will be described.

【0061】即ち、(イ)は、補強梁5a(6a)はボ
ルト・ナットで連結せず、単に、2枚の薄鋼板を重合し
ただけである。(ロ)は、補強梁5b(6b)はボルト
・ナットで連結せず、溶接(アークスポット溶接または
プラグ溶接)51b(61b)したものである。(ハ)
は、補強梁5c(6c)はボルト・ナットで連結せず、
スポット溶接51c(61c)したものである。(ニ)
は、補強梁5d(6d)はボルト・ナットで連結せず、
2枚の塗装された薄鋼板の長尺体を重合し、一方の薄鋼
板から他方の薄鋼板にパンチングして一方の薄鋼板の一
部を他方の薄鋼板の中に押し込む「かしめ接合」51d
(61d)したものである。その他の構造および使用方
法は実施例1とほぼ同じであるので説明を省略する。
That is, in (a), the reinforcing beams 5a (6a) are not connected by bolts and nuts, but are simply obtained by superposing two thin steel plates. (B) shows the case where the reinforcing beams 5b (6b) are welded (arc spot welding or plug welding) 51b (61b) without being connected by bolts and nuts. (C)
Means that the reinforcing beams 5c (6c) are not connected with bolts and nuts,
This is obtained by spot welding 51c (61c). (D)
Does not connect the reinforcing beams 5d (6d) with bolts and nuts,
"Caulking" 51d in which two long sheets of painted thin steel sheet are superimposed and punched from one thin steel sheet to the other thin steel sheet to push a part of one thin steel sheet into the other thin steel sheet.
(61d). Other structures and methods of use are almost the same as those in the first embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted.

【0062】(実施例3)図7は本発明の更に別の実施
例を示すもので、(イ)は補強梁の正面図、(ロ)は
(イ)のB−B線における断面図である。
(Embodiment 3) FIGS. 7A and 7B show still another embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 7A is a front view of a reinforcing beam, and FIG. 7B is a sectional view taken along the line BB of FIG. is there.

【0063】図7に示す実施例3を図1〜図5に示す実
施例1と比較すると、補強梁5e、6eの構造が異なる
ので、この補強梁5e、6eについて説明する。即ち、
補強梁5e(6e)は、一面に突出した幅方向に長い多
数の突出部54e(64e)と反対面に突出した同じく
幅方向に長い多数の突出部54e(64e)とを有する
1枚のステンレス薄板である。このように、補強梁5e
(6e)は成形し易いステンレス薄板に突出部54e
(64e)を設けるだけであるので簡単に製造できる。
When the third embodiment shown in FIG. 7 is compared with the first embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 to 5, the structure of the reinforcing beams 5e and 6e is different. Therefore, the reinforcing beams 5e and 6e will be described. That is,
The reinforcing beam 5e (6e) is a sheet of stainless steel having a plurality of protruding portions 54e (64e) protruding on one surface and extending in the width direction and a plurality of protruding portions 54e (64e) protruding on the opposite surface and also extending in the width direction. It is a thin plate. Thus, the reinforcing beam 5e
(6e) is a projecting portion 54e formed on a stainless steel plate which is easy to form.
Since only (64e) is provided, it can be easily manufactured.

【0064】この補強梁5e(6e)の使用方法は、補
強梁5e(6e)の一面から突出した突出部53e(6
4e)の頂を一方の天井梁に、又、補強梁5e(6e)
の反対面から突出した突出部54e(64e)の頂を他
方の天井梁にそれぞれ密着させた状態にして両側の天井
梁をボルト・ナットで連結する。
The method of using the reinforcing beam 5e (6e) is as follows. The projecting portion 53e (6) protruding from one surface of the reinforcing beam 5e (6e) is used.
The top of 4e) is connected to one ceiling beam, and the reinforcing beams 5e (6e)
The ceiling beams on both sides are connected by bolts and nuts, with the tops of the protrusions 54e (64e) projecting from the opposite surface of the ceiling beam in close contact with the other ceiling beam.

【0065】すると、両側の天井梁の間に梁の厚みの2
倍以上の隙間があって、補強梁5e(6e)には、両側
に突出した突出部54e(64e)があるので、スペー
サーを使用しなくとも、この補強梁5e(6e)の突出
部53e(64e)の頂が両側の天井梁に密着してい
る。従って、ボルト・ナットで締めても、天井梁が変形
し難く、両側の天井梁を強固に連結することができる。
Then, between the ceiling beams on both sides, the beam thickness of 2
Since there is a gap more than twice, and the reinforcing beam 5e (6e) has the protruding portions 54e (64e) protruding on both sides, the protruding portions 53e (6e) of the reinforcing beam 5e (6e) can be used without using a spacer. The top of 64e) is in close contact with the ceiling beams on both sides. Therefore, even when the ceiling beams are tightened with bolts and nuts, the ceiling beams are not easily deformed, and the ceiling beams on both sides can be firmly connected.

【0066】更に、ボルト・ナットで強固に巻き締めて
連結すると、突出部54e(64e)が若干押さえ付け
られて低くなり、このステンレス薄板の突出部54e
(64e)が元の状態に戻ろうとする弾性により両側の
梁が極めて強固に連結される。その他の構造および使用
方法は実施例1とほぼ同じであるので説明を省略する。
Further, when the bolts and nuts are firmly wound and connected to each other, the protrusions 54e (64e) are slightly pressed down to lower the protrusions 54e (64e).
The beams on both sides are extremely firmly connected by the elasticity of (64e) that tends to return to the original state. Other structures and methods of use are almost the same as those in the first embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted.

【0067】(実施例4)図8は本発明の更に別の実施
例を示すもので、(イ)は補強梁の正面図、(ロ)は
(イ)のC−C線における断面図である。
(Embodiment 4) FIGS. 8A and 8B show still another embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 8A is a front view of a reinforcing beam, and FIG. 8B is a cross-sectional view taken along line CC of FIG. is there.

【0068】図8は本発明の別の実施例を示すもので、
補強梁を示す断面図である。図8に示す実施例4を図1
〜図5に示す実施例1と比較すると、補強梁5f、6f
の構造が異なるので、この補強梁5f、6fについて説
明する。即ち、補強梁5f(6f)は、一面に突出した
幅方向に長い突出部55f(65f)を有するメッキ処
理を施された2枚の薄鋼板を突出部55f(65f)を
外側に向けて重合したものである。従って、成形し易い
薄鋼板を成形し、この成形された2枚を重合して簡単に
補強梁5f(6f)を製造することができる。
FIG. 8 shows another embodiment of the present invention.
It is sectional drawing which shows a reinforcement beam. Example 4 shown in FIG.
-Compared with Example 1 shown in FIG. 5, reinforcing beams 5f, 6f
Therefore, the reinforcing beams 5f and 6f will be described. That is, the reinforcing beam 5f (6f) is formed by laminating two plated thin steel plates having a protruding portion 55f (65f) protruding on one side and having a long protruding portion 55f (65f) with the protruding portion 55f (65f) facing outward. It was done. Therefore, a thin steel plate that is easy to form can be formed, and the formed two sheets can be superimposed to easily manufacture the reinforcing beam 5f (6f).

【0069】この補強梁5f(6f)の使用方法は、補
強梁5f(6f)の一面から突出している突出部55f
(65f)の頂を両側の天井梁にそれぞれ密着させた状
態にして両側の天井梁をボルト・ナットで連結する。す
ると、梁と隣の梁との間に、例えば、梁の厚みの2倍以
上の隙間があっても、補強梁5f(6f)には突出部5
5f(65f)があるので、この補強梁5f(6f)の
突出部55f(65f)の頂がそれぞれ両側の梁の面に
密着している。従って、ボルト・ナットで連結しても、
天井梁が変形し難く、両側の梁を強固に連結することが
できる。
The method of using the reinforcing beam 5f (6f) is as follows: the projecting portion 55f projecting from one surface of the reinforcing beam 5f (6f).
The top of (65f) is brought into close contact with the ceiling beams on both sides, and the ceiling beams on both sides are connected with bolts and nuts. Then, even if there is a gap between the beam and the adjacent beam, for example, twice or more the thickness of the beam, the projecting portion 5 is formed on the reinforcing beam 5f (6f).
Since there are 5f (65f), the tops of the protrusions 55f (65f) of the reinforcing beam 5f (6f) are in close contact with the surfaces of the beams on both sides. Therefore, even if connected with bolts and nuts,
The ceiling beams are not easily deformed, and the beams on both sides can be firmly connected.

【0070】更に、ボルト・ナットで強固に締めて連結
すると、突出部55f(65f)が若干押さえ付けられ
て低くなり、この鋼板の突出部55f(65f)が元の
状態に戻ろうとする弾性により両側の梁が極めて強固に
連結される。その他の構造および使用方法は実施例1と
ほぼ同じであるので説明を省略する。
Furthermore, when the bolts and nuts are firmly tightened for connection, the protruding portion 55f (65f) is slightly pressed down and lowered, and the protruding portion 55f (65f) of the steel plate is resilient to return to the original state. The beams on both sides are very firmly connected. Other structures and methods of use are almost the same as those in the first embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted.

【0071】(実施例5)図9および図10は本発明の
更に別の実施例を示すもので、図9(イ)は補強梁の正
面図、(ロ)は(イ)のD−D線における断面図、図1
0は補強梁が天井梁に取り付けられた状態の一部を示す
斜視図である。
(Embodiment 5) FIGS. 9 and 10 show still another embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 9A is a front view of a reinforcing beam, and FIG. Sectional view along the line, FIG.
0 is a perspective view showing a part of the state where the reinforcing beam is attached to the ceiling beam.

【0072】図9および図10に示す実施例5を図1〜
図5に示す実施例1と比較すると、補強梁5g、6gの
構造が異なるので、この補強梁5g、6gについて説明
する。即ち、補強梁5g(6g)は、一面に突出した長
手方向に長い上下の2列に並んだ多数の突出部55g
(65g)を有する2枚のメッキ処理を施した薄鋼板を
突出部55g(65g)を外側に向けて重合したもので
ある。
Embodiment 5 shown in FIG. 9 and FIG.
The structure of the reinforcing beams 5g and 6g is different from that of the first embodiment shown in FIG. 5, and thus the reinforcing beams 5g and 6g will be described. That is, the reinforcing beam 5g (6g) has a large number of protruding portions 55g arranged in two upper and lower rows that are protruded on one surface and are long in the longitudinal direction.
(65 g) is obtained by superimposing two plated steel sheets having a thickness of 65 g with the projections 55 g (65 g) facing outward.

【0073】又、この補強梁5g(6g)の高さは、1
階の柱省略角部を有する建物ユニットの天井梁23gと
2階の建物ユニットの床梁12gの合計にほぼ等しい。
補強梁5g(6g)は上記のような構造をしているの
で、成形し易い薄鋼板を成形し、この成形された2枚を
重合して簡単に補強梁5g(6g)を製造することがで
きる。
The height of the reinforcing beam 5g (6g) is 1
It is almost equal to the sum of 23 g of the ceiling beam of the building unit having the pillar corner omitted portion of the floor and 12 g of the floor beam of the building unit on the second floor.
Since the reinforcing beam 5g (6g) has the structure as described above, it is possible to form a thin steel plate which is easy to form, and to easily manufacture the reinforcing beam 5g (6g) by superimposing the two formed sheets. it can.

【0074】この補強梁5g(6g)の使用方法は、補
強梁5g(6g)の一面に突出している下側の突出部5
5g(65g)の頂を隣接する1階の柱省略角部を有す
る建物ユニットの両側の天井梁23gにそれぞれ密着さ
せ、上側の突出部55g(65g)の頂を隣接する2階
の建物ユニットの両側の床梁12gにそれぞれ密着させ
た状態にして両側の天井梁23gと床梁22gをボルト
・ナットで連結する。
The method of using the reinforcing beam 5g (6g) is as follows: the lower projecting portion 5 projecting from one surface of the reinforcing beam 5g (6g).
The top of 5 g (65 g) is brought into close contact with each of the ceiling beams 23 g on both sides of the adjacent building unit having the pillar omitted corners on the first floor, and the top of the upper projection 55 g (65 g) is placed on the adjacent building unit on the second floor. The ceiling beams 23g and the floor beams 22g on both sides are connected to each other with bolts and nuts in a state where they are in close contact with the floor beams 12g on both sides.

【0075】この天井梁23g、床梁12gと隣の天井
梁23g、床梁12gとの間に、例えば、天井梁23g
や床梁12gの厚みの2倍以上の隙間があっても、補強
梁5g(6g)には、突出部55g(65g)があるの
で、補強梁5g(6g)の突出部55g(65g)の頂
がそれぞれ両側の天井梁23g、床梁12gの面に密着
している。従って、ボルト・ナットで連結しても、天井
梁23g、床梁12gが変形し難く、両側の天井梁23
g、床梁12gを強固に連結することができる。
Between the ceiling beam 23g and the floor beam 12g and the adjacent ceiling beam 23g and the floor beam 12g, for example, the ceiling beam 23g
Even if there is a gap more than twice the thickness of the floor beam 12g, since the reinforcing beam 5g (6g) has a protrusion 55g (65g), the protrusion 55g (65g) of the reinforcing beam 5g (6g) has The tops are in close contact with the surfaces of the ceiling beams 23g and the floor beams 12g on both sides. Accordingly, even if the ceiling beams 23g and the floor beams 12g are hardly deformed even when they are connected by bolts and nuts, the ceiling beams 23 on both sides are hardly deformed.
g and the floor beam 12g can be firmly connected.

【0076】更に、ボルト・ナットで強固に締めて連結
すると、突出部55g(65g)が若干押さえ付けられ
て低くなり、薄鋼板の突出部55g(65g)が元の状
態に戻ろうとする弾性により両側の天井梁23g、床梁
12gが極めて強固に連結される。
Further, when the bolts and nuts are firmly tightened and connected, the protrusion 55g (65g) is slightly pressed down and lowered, and the protrusion 55g (65g) of the thin steel plate tends to return to the original state. The ceiling beams 23g and the floor beams 12g on both sides are extremely firmly connected.

【0077】又、この補強梁5g(6g)の高さは、1
階の柱省略角部を有する建物ユニットの天井梁23gと
1階の建物ユニットの床梁12gの合計にほぼ等しいか
ら、補強梁5g(6g)の高さは極めて高くなり、垂直
方向の力に対しては極めて機械的強度(撓みや曲げ強
度)が大きい。従って、この補強梁5g(6g)を取り
付けた天井梁23gや床梁12gの機械的強度は極めて
大きく、機械的強度の最も必要な柱省略角部を有する建
物ユニットを組み立てたユニット建物に適用しても、こ
の補強された梁が撓まない。その他の構造および使用方
法は実施例1とほぼ同じであるので説明を省略する。
The height of the reinforcing beam 5g (6g) is 1
The height of the reinforcing beam 5g (6g) is extremely high because it is almost equal to the sum of the ceiling beam 23g of the building unit having the floor column omitted corner and the floor beam 12g of the building unit on the first floor. On the other hand, it has extremely high mechanical strength (bending and bending strength). Therefore, the mechanical strength of the ceiling beam 23g and the floor beam 12g to which the reinforcing beam 5g (6g) is attached is extremely large, and the present invention is applied to a unit building in which a building unit having a pillar-eliminated corner portion requiring the most mechanical strength is assembled. However, the reinforced beam does not bend. Other structures and methods of use are almost the same as those in the first embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted.

【0078】(実施例6)図11は本発明の更に別の実
施例を示すもので、補強梁が天井梁に取り付けられた状
態の一部を示す斜視図である。
(Embodiment 6) FIG. 11 shows still another embodiment of the present invention, and is a perspective view showing a part of a state in which a reinforcing beam is attached to a ceiling beam.

【0079】図11に示す実施例6を図1〜図5に示す
実施例1と比較すると、補強梁5h、6hの構造が異な
るので、この補強梁5h、6hについて説明する。即
ち、補強梁5h、6hは、一面に角形形状に突出した長
手方向に長い2条の突出部55hを有するメッキ処理を
施された2枚の薄鋼板を突出部55hを外側に向けて重
合したものである。
When the sixth embodiment shown in FIG. 11 is compared with the first embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 to 5, the structures of the reinforcing beams 5h and 6h are different. Therefore, the reinforcing beams 5h and 6h will be described. That is, the reinforcing beams 5h and 6h are formed by stacking two plated thin steel plates having two longitudinally long protrusions 55h protruding in a square shape on one surface with the protrusions 55h facing outward. Things.

【0080】又、この補強梁5h(6h)の高さは、1
階の柱省略角部を有する建物ユニットの天井梁23hと
2階の建物ユニットの床梁12hとの合計にほぼ等し
い。補強梁5h(6h)は上記のような構造をしている
ので、成形し易い薄鋼板を成形し、この成形された2枚
を重合して簡単に補強梁5h(6h)を製造することが
できる。
The height of the reinforcing beam 5h (6h) is 1
It is almost equal to the sum of the ceiling beam 23h of the building unit having the column omitted corner portion of the floor and the floor beam 12h of the building unit on the second floor. Since the reinforcing beam 5h (6h) has the structure as described above, it is possible to form a thin steel plate which is easy to form and to easily manufacture the reinforcing beam 5h (6h) by superimposing the two formed sheets. it can.

【0081】この補強梁5h(6h)の使用方法は、補
強梁5h(6h)の一面から突出している下側の突出部
55h(65h)の頂を隣接する1階の柱省略角部を有
する建物ユニットの対向する天井梁23hにそれぞれ密
着させ、上側の突出部55h(65h)の頂を隣接する
2階の建物ユニットの対向する床梁12hにそれぞれ密
着させた状態にして両側の天井梁23hと床梁12hを
ボルト・ナットで連結する。
The method of using the reinforcing beam 5h (6h) is such that the top of the lower projecting portion 55h (65h) protruding from one surface of the reinforcing beam 5h (6h) is adjacent to the first-floor pillar omitted corner. The ceiling beams 23h on both sides are brought into close contact with the opposing ceiling beams 23h of the building units, and the tops of the upper protrusions 55h (65h) are brought into close contact with the opposing floor beams 12h of the adjacent second-floor building units. And the floor beam 12h are connected with bolts and nuts.

【0082】この天井梁23h、床梁12hと隣の天井
梁23h、床梁12hとの間に、例えば、天井梁23h
や床梁12hの厚みの2倍以上の隙間があっても、補強
梁5h(6h)には突出部55h(6h)があるので、
この補強梁5h(6h)の突出部55h(65h)の頂
がそれぞれ両側の天井梁23h、床梁12hの面に密着
している。従って、ボルト・ナットで連結しても、天井
梁23h、床梁12hが変形し難く、両側の天井梁23
h、床梁12hを強固に連結することができる。
Between the ceiling beam 23h and the floor beam 12h and the adjacent ceiling beam 23h and the floor beam 12h, for example, the ceiling beam 23h
Even if there is a gap of twice or more the thickness of the floor beam 12h, since the reinforcing beam 5h (6h) has the protrusion 55h (6h),
The tops of the projecting portions 55h (65h) of the reinforcing beams 5h (6h) are in close contact with the surfaces of the ceiling beams 23h and the floor beams 12h on both sides. Therefore, the ceiling beam 23h and the floor beam 12h are not easily deformed even if they are connected by bolts and nuts.
h, the floor beam 12h can be firmly connected.

【0083】更に、ボルト・ナットで強固に締めて連結
すると、突出部55h(65h)が若干押さえ付けられ
て低くなり、薄鋼板の突出部55h(65h)が元の状
態に戻ろうとする弾性により両側の天井梁23h、床梁
12hが極めて強固に連結される。
Furthermore, when the bolts and nuts are firmly tightened for connection, the protruding portion 55h (65h) is slightly pressed and lowered, and the elasticity of the protruding portion 55h (65h) of the thin steel plate to return to the original state is obtained. The ceiling beam 23h and the floor beam 12h on both sides are extremely strongly connected.

【0084】又、この補強梁5h(6h)の高さは、1
階の柱省略角部を有する建物ユニットの天井梁23hと
1階の建物ユニットの床梁12hの合計にほぼ等しいか
ら、補強梁5h(6h)の高さは極めて高くなり、垂直
方向の力に対しては極めて機械的強度(撓みや曲げ強
度)が大きい。従って、この補強梁5h(6h)を取り
付けた天井梁23hや床梁12hの機械的強度は極めて
大きく、機械的強度の最も必要な柱省略角部を有する建
物ユニットを組み立てたユニット建物に適用しても、こ
の補強された梁が撓まない。その他の構造および使用方
法は実施例1とほぼ同じであるので説明を省略する。
The height of the reinforcing beam 5h (6h) is 1
Since the total height of the ceiling beam 23h of the building unit having the pillar omitted corner portion of the floor and the floor beam 12h of the building unit on the first floor is substantially equal, the height of the reinforcing beam 5h (6h) is extremely high, and the vertical force is reduced. On the other hand, it has extremely high mechanical strength (bending and bending strength). Therefore, the mechanical strength of the ceiling beam 23h and the floor beam 12h to which the reinforcing beam 5h (6h) is attached is extremely large, and the present invention is applied to a unit building in which a building unit having a pillar-eliminated corner portion requiring the most mechanical strength is assembled. However, the reinforced beam does not bend. Other structures and methods of use are almost the same as those in the first embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted.

【0085】[0085]

【発明の効果】請求項1記載の発明は、2枚以上のステ
ンレス薄板または防錆処理を施した薄鋼板を面同士を密
着状態にして重合した補強梁を使用するから、この補強
梁を安価に製造できるし、補強梁は錆び難い。又、この
補強梁の両側面をそれぞれ両側の梁の面に密着させた状
態にして両側の梁が連結されているから、梁と隣の梁と
の間に梁の厚みの2倍以上の隙間があっても、この隙間
に補強梁を挿入することにより梁が変形し難くなり、両
側の梁を強固に連結することができる。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, a reinforcing beam is used in which two or more thin stainless steel plates or rust-proof thin steel plates are superposed on each other so that the surfaces thereof are in close contact with each other. And the reinforcing beams are not easily rusted. Also, since the beams on both sides are connected with both sides of the reinforcing beam being brought into close contact with the surfaces of the beams on both sides, the gap between the beam and the adjacent beam is twice or more the thickness of the beam. Even if there is, the beam is hardly deformed by inserting the reinforcing beam into this gap, and the beams on both sides can be firmly connected.

【0086】請求項2記載の発明は、2枚以上の防錆処
理を施した薄鋼板を面同士を密着状態にして重合し、こ
の重合された2枚以上の薄鋼板の一部を連結手段で連結
し、この連結部分に防錆処理を施した補強梁を使用する
から、この補強梁を安価に製造することができる。しか
も、この連結部分に防錆処理を施するから、補強梁は錆
び難い。又、この補強梁の両側面をそれぞれ両側の梁の
面に密着させた状態にして両側の梁が連結されているか
ら、梁と隣の梁との間に梁の厚みの2倍以上の隙間があ
っても、この隙間に補強梁を挿入することにより梁が変
形し難くなり、両側の梁を強固に連結することができ
る。
According to a second aspect of the present invention, two or more sheets of rust-proofed thin steel sheets are polymerized in a state where the surfaces are in close contact with each other, and a part of the two or more sheets of polymerized thin steel sheets is connected by a connecting means. And a reinforcing beam having a rustproofing treatment at the connecting portion is used, so that the reinforcing beam can be manufactured at low cost. In addition, since the connecting portion is subjected to rust prevention treatment, the reinforcing beam is hardly rusted. Also, since the beams on both sides are connected with both sides of the reinforcing beam being brought into close contact with the surfaces of the beams on both sides, the gap between the beam and the adjacent beam is twice or more the thickness of the beam. Even if there is, the beam is hardly deformed by inserting the reinforcing beam into this gap, and the beams on both sides can be firmly connected.

【0087】請求項3記載の発明は、2枚以上の薄鋼板
を面同士を密着状態にして重合し、この重合した2枚以
上の薄鋼板の一部を連結手段で連結した補強梁を使用す
るから、補強梁を安価に製造できる。しかも、この連結
された2枚以上の薄鋼板全体の表面に防錆処理を施すの
で、防錆処理が一度でよい。又、この補強梁の両側面を
それぞれ両側の梁の面に密着させた状態にして両側の梁
が連結されているから、梁と隣の梁との間に梁の厚みの
2倍以上の隙間があっても、この隙間に補強梁を挿入す
ることにより梁が変形し難くなり、両側の梁を強固に連
結することができる。
According to a third aspect of the present invention, a reinforcing beam is used in which two or more thin steel plates are superposed on each other in a state where they are in close contact with each other, and a part of the two or more superposed thin steel plates is connected by connecting means. Therefore, the reinforcing beam can be manufactured at low cost. Moreover, since the rust-proofing treatment is performed on the entire surface of the two or more connected thin steel sheets, the rust-proofing treatment can be performed only once. Also, since the beams on both sides are connected with both sides of the reinforcing beam being brought into close contact with the surfaces of the beams on both sides, the gap between the beam and the adjacent beam is twice or more the thickness of the beam. Even if there is, the beam is hardly deformed by inserting the reinforcing beam into this gap, and the beams on both sides can be firmly connected.

【0088】請求項4記載の発明は、一面から突出した
突出部と反対面から突出した突出部とを有するステンレ
ス薄板または薄鋼板を補強梁として使用するから、薄鋼
板を成形して補強梁を簡単に製造することができる。
又、この補強梁の一面の突出部の頂を一方の梁に、又、
補強梁の反対面の突出部の頂を他方の梁にそれぞれ密着
させた状態にして両側の梁が連結されているから、梁と
隣の梁との間に梁の厚みの2倍以上の隙間があっても、
この隙間に補強梁を挿入することにより梁が変形し難く
なり、両側の梁を強固に連結することができる。更に、
ボルト・ナットで強固に締めて連結すると、突出部が若
干押さえ付けられて低くなり、この突出部の鋼板が元の
状態に戻ろうとする弾性により両側の梁が極めて強固に
連結される。
According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, a stainless steel plate or a thin steel plate having a protrusion protruding from one surface and a protrusion protruding from the opposite surface is used as a reinforcing beam. It can be easily manufactured.
Also, the top of the protrusion on one side of this reinforcing beam is
Since the beams on both sides are connected with the top of the protruding portion on the opposite surface of the reinforcing beam being in close contact with the other beam, the gap between the beam and the adjacent beam is at least twice the thickness of the beam. Even if there is
By inserting the reinforcing beam into this gap, the beam is less likely to be deformed, and the beams on both sides can be firmly connected. Furthermore,
When firmly tightened with bolts and nuts for connection, the protrusions are slightly pressed down and lowered, and the beams on both sides are connected very firmly by the elasticity of the steel plate of the protrusions trying to return to the original state.

【0089】請求項5記載の発明は、一面から突出した
突出部を有する2枚のステンレス薄板または薄鋼板を突
出部を外側に向けて重合した補強梁を使用するから、薄
鋼板を成形し、2枚を重合して簡単に補強梁を製造する
ことができる。又、この補強梁の両側に突出した突出部
の頂をそれぞれ両側の梁の面に密着させた状態にして両
側の梁が連結されているから、この補強梁を梁と隣の梁
との間に梁の厚みの2倍以上の隙間があっても、この隙
間に補強梁を挿入することにより梁が変形し難くなり両
側の梁を強固に連結することができる。更に、ボルト・
ナットで強固に締めて連結すると、突出部が若干押さえ
付けられて低くなり、この突出部の鋼板が元の状態に戻
ろうとする弾性により両側の梁が極めて強固に連結され
る。
According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, since a reinforcing beam in which two stainless steel sheets or thin steel sheets each having a projecting portion projecting from one surface are superposed with the projecting portions facing outward is used, the thin steel sheet is formed. A reinforcing beam can be easily manufactured by superposing two pieces. Also, since the beams on both sides are connected with the tops of the protrusions protruding on both sides of the reinforcing beam being in close contact with the surfaces of the beams on both sides, the reinforcing beam is connected between the beam and the adjacent beam. Even if there is a gap more than twice the thickness of the beam, inserting the reinforcing beam into this gap makes it difficult for the beam to be deformed, and the beams on both sides can be firmly connected. In addition, bolt
When the nuts are firmly tightened and connected, the protrusions are slightly pressed down and lowered, and the beams on both sides are extremely strongly connected due to the elasticity of the steel plate of the protrusions trying to return to the original state.

【0090】請求項6記載の発明は、建物ユニットの床
梁または天井梁と、隣の建物ユニットの床梁または天井
梁とが請求項1乃至請求項5のいずれかの一に記載の補
強梁取付構造で連結されているから、床梁または天井梁
が、請求項1〜請求項5のそれぞれの項に記載されてい
る効果と同様に、補強梁が簡単にしかも安価に製造でき
るし、この補強梁を挿入して両側の梁を強固に連結する
ことができる。
According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a reinforcing beam according to any one of the first to fifth aspects, wherein a floor beam or a ceiling beam of a building unit and a floor beam or a ceiling beam of an adjacent building unit are provided. Since the floor beams or the ceiling beams are connected by the mounting structure, the reinforcing beams can be easily and inexpensively manufactured in the same manner as the effects described in the respective claims. The reinforcing beams can be inserted to firmly connect the beams on both sides.

【0091】請求項7記載の発明は、補強梁が挟まれ、
この天井梁と床梁とが請求項1乃至請求項5のいずれか
の一に記載の補強梁取付構造で連結されているものであ
るから、床梁または天井梁が、請求項1〜請求項5のそ
れぞれの項に記載されている効果と同様に、補強梁が簡
単にしかも安価に製造できるし、この補強梁を挿入して
両側の天井梁と床と梁を強固に連結することができる。
しかも、このときの補強梁は、下階の建物ユニットの天
井梁および上階の建物ユニットの床梁との合計とほぼ等
しいから、補強梁は高さが極めて高くなり、垂直方向の
力に対しては極めて機械的強度(撓みや曲げ強度)が大
きく、従って、この補強梁を取り付けた天井梁や床梁の
機械的強度は極めて大きく、撓むことがない。請求項8
記載の発明は、建物ユニットの4個が付き合わされた場
所の柱が省略された柱省略角部を備え、この柱省略角部
を通過する補強梁を使用して、請求項1乃至請求項5の
いずれかの一に記載の補強梁取付構造で連結されている
から、床梁または天井梁が、請求項1〜請求項5のそれ
ぞれの項に記載されているように、補強梁が簡単にしか
も安価に製造できるし、この補強梁で両側の天井梁と床
梁が強固に連結される。しかも、この時の補強梁は、柱
省略角部を通過するから、この柱省略角部が補強されて
梁が撓まない。
According to the seventh aspect of the present invention, the reinforcing beam is sandwiched,
Since the ceiling beam and the floor beam are connected by the reinforcing beam mounting structure according to any one of claims 1 to 5, the floor beam or the ceiling beam is claimed in claims 1 to 5. Similar to the effects described in the respective items of 5, the reinforcing beam can be easily and inexpensively manufactured, and the reinforcing beam can be inserted to firmly connect the ceiling beam, the floor and the beam on both sides. .
Moreover, the reinforcing beam at this time is almost equal to the sum of the ceiling beam of the building unit on the lower floor and the floor beam of the building unit on the upper floor. Therefore, the mechanical strength (bending or bending strength) of the ceiling beam or the floor beam to which the reinforcing beam is attached is extremely large and does not bend. Claim 8
The described invention is provided with a pillar omitted corner where the pillar at the place where the four building units meet is omitted, and a reinforcing beam passing through the pillar omitted corner is used. Are connected by the reinforcing beam mounting structure according to any one of (1) to (5), the floor beam or the ceiling beam is easily connected to the reinforcing beam as described in each of claims 1 to 5. In addition, it can be manufactured at low cost, and the ceiling beams and floor beams on both sides are firmly connected by the reinforcing beams. In addition, since the reinforcing beam at this time passes through the column omitted corner, the column omitted corner is reinforced and the beam does not bend.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of the drawings]

【図1】本発明を柱省略角部を有するユニット建物に適
用した一実施例を示すもので、(イ)はユニット建物を
示す斜視図、(ロ)は(イ)の1階部分の建物ユニット
の配置図である。
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 shows an embodiment in which the present invention is applied to a unit building having a pillar-eliminated corner portion. (A) is a perspective view showing the unit building, and (B) is a building on the first floor of (A). It is an arrangement view of a unit.

【図2】建物ユニットの骨格を示す斜視図である。FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing a skeleton of a building unit.

【図3】柱省略角部を有する建物ユニットの骨格を示す
斜視図である。
FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing a skeleton of a building unit having a pillar-eliminated corner.

【図4】柱省略角部を有する建物ユニットに補強梁を取
り付けている状態を示す斜視図である。
FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a state in which a reinforcing beam is attached to a building unit having a column omitted corner portion.

【図5】(イ)は補強梁の正面図、(ロ)は(イ)のA
−A線における断面図である。
5A is a front view of a reinforcing beam, and FIG.
It is sectional drawing in the -A line.

【図6】本発明の他の実施例を示すもので、(イ)〜
(ニ)はそれぞれ異なる補強梁を示す断面図である。
FIG. 6 shows another embodiment of the present invention, and (a) to (b).
(D) is a sectional view showing different reinforcing beams.

【図7】本発明の更に別の実施例を示すもので、(イ)
は補強梁の正面図、(ロ)は(イ)のB−B線における
断面図である。
FIG. 7 shows still another embodiment of the present invention.
Is a front view of the reinforcing beam, and (b) is a cross-sectional view taken along line BB of (a).

【図8】本発明の更に別の実施例を示すもので、(イ)
は補強梁の正面図、(ロ)は(イ)のC−C線における
断面図である。
FIG. 8 shows still another embodiment of the present invention.
Is a front view of the reinforcing beam, and (b) is a cross-sectional view taken along line CC of (a).

【図9】本発明の更に別の実施例を示すもので、(イ)
は補強梁の正面図、(ロ)は(イ)のD−D線における
断面図である。
FIG. 9 shows still another embodiment of the present invention.
Is a front view of the reinforcing beam, and (b) is a cross-sectional view taken along line DD of (a).

【図10】補強梁が天井梁に取り付けられた状態の一部
を示す斜視図である。
FIG. 10 is a perspective view showing a part of a state in which a reinforcing beam is attached to a ceiling beam.

【図11】本発明の更に別の実施例を示すもので、補強
梁が天井梁に取り付けられた状態の一部を示す斜視図で
ある。
FIG. 11 shows still another embodiment of the present invention, and is a perspective view showing a part of a state in which a reinforcing beam is attached to a ceiling beam.

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

U ユニット建物 1 建物ユニット 2 柱省略角部を有する建物ユ
ニット 22、22g、22h 床梁 23、23g、23h 天井梁 3 仮柱 5、5a、5b、5c、5d、5e、5f、5g、5h
補強梁 54e 突出部 55f、55g、55h 突出部 6、6a、6b、6c、6d、6e、6f、6g、6h
別の補強梁 64e 突出部 65f、65g、65h 突出部
U unit building 1 building unit 2 building unit having pillar omitted corner 22, 22, g, 22h floor beam 23, 23g, 23h ceiling beam 3 temporary column 5, 5a, 5b, 5c, 5d, 5e, 5f, 5g, 5h
Reinforcement beam 54e Projection 55f, 55g, 55h Projection 6, 6a, 6b, 6c, 6d, 6e, 6f, 6g, 6h
Another reinforcement beam 64e Projection 65f, 65g, 65h Projection

Claims (8)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 建築物の梁とこの梁に添設された長尺板
の補強梁とからなる補強梁取付構造であって、前記補強
梁は2枚以上のステンレス薄板または防錆処理を施した
薄鋼板を面同士を密着状態にして重合したものであるこ
とを特徴とする補強梁取付構造。
1. A reinforcing beam mounting structure comprising a beam of a building and a reinforcing beam of a long plate attached to the beam, wherein the reinforcing beam is made of two or more stainless steel sheets or subjected to rust-proof treatment. A reinforcing beam mounting structure, which is obtained by stacking thin steel plates in a state where surfaces are in close contact with each other.
【請求項2】 建築物の梁とこの梁に添設された長尺板
の補強梁とからなる補強梁取付構造であって、前記補強
梁は、2枚以上の防錆処理を施した薄鋼板を面同士を密
着状態にして重合し、この重合された2枚以上の薄鋼板
の一部を連結手段で連結し、この連結部分に防錆処理を
施したものであることを特徴とする補強梁取付構造。
2. A reinforcing beam mounting structure comprising a beam of a building and a reinforcing beam of a long plate attached to the beam, wherein the reinforcing beam has two or more rust-proof thin films. It is characterized in that the steel sheets are polymerized in a state where the surfaces are in close contact with each other, and a part of the polymerized two or more thin steel sheets are connected by a connecting means, and a rust-proof treatment is applied to the connected parts. Reinforcement beam mounting structure.
【請求項3】 建築物の梁とこの梁に添設された長尺板
の補強梁とからなる補強梁取付構造であって、前記補強
梁は、2枚以上の薄鋼板を面同士を密着状態にして重合
し、この重合された2枚以上の薄鋼板の一部を連結手段
で連結し、この連結された2枚以上の薄鋼板全体の表面
に防錆処理を施したものであることを特徴とする補強梁
取付構造。
3. A reinforcing beam mounting structure comprising a beam of a building and a reinforcing beam of a long plate attached to the beam, wherein the reinforcing beam includes two or more thin steel plates in close contact with each other. Polymerized in a state, a part of the polymerized two or more thin steel sheets are connected by connecting means, and the entire surface of the connected two or more thin steel sheets is subjected to rust prevention treatment. Characterized by a reinforcing beam mounting structure.
【請求項4】 対向している両側の梁とこの両側の梁の
間に挿入された長尺板の補強梁とからなる補強梁取付構
造であって、前記補強梁は、一面に突出した突出部と反
対面に突出した突出部とを有する薄鋼板またはステンレ
ス薄板であり、この補強梁の一面の突出部の頂を一方の
梁に、又、補強梁の反対面の突出部の頂を他方の梁にそ
れぞれ密着させた状態にして両側の梁が連結されている
ことを特徴とする補強梁取付構造。
4. A reinforcing beam mounting structure comprising a beam on both sides facing each other and a reinforcing beam of a long plate inserted between the beams on both sides, wherein the reinforcing beam projects from one side. A thin steel plate or a stainless steel thin plate having a protruding portion protruding on the opposite surface, the top of the protruding portion on one surface of the reinforcing beam being the one beam, and the top of the protruding portion on the opposite surface of the reinforcing beam being the other. Characterized in that the beams on both sides are connected to each other in a state of being in close contact with the beams.
【請求項5】 対向している両側の梁とこの両側の梁の
間に挿入された長尺板の補強梁とからなる補強梁取付構
造であって、前記補強梁は、一面に突出した突出部を有
する2枚のステンレス薄板または薄鋼板を突出部を外側
に向けて重合したものであり、この補強梁の両側に突出
した突出部の頂をそれぞれ両側の梁の面に密着させた状
態にして両側の梁が連結されていることを特徴とする補
強梁取付構造。
5. A reinforcing beam mounting structure comprising a beam on both sides facing each other and a reinforcing beam of a long plate inserted between the beams on both sides, wherein the reinforcing beam projects from one side. It is made by stacking two stainless steel sheets or thin steel sheets having a projection with their protruding parts facing outward, and the tops of the protruding parts protruding on both sides of this reinforcing beam are brought into close contact with the surfaces of the beams on both sides, respectively. A reinforcing beam mounting structure, wherein the beams on both sides are connected.
【請求項6】 矩形状の四隅に立設した柱と、この柱の
下端部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結した床梁と、柱の上端
部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結した天井梁とからなる骨格
を有する建物ユニットの複数個を組み立てたユニット建
物であって、前記建物ユニットと隣の建物ユニットの対
向する床梁または対向する天井梁が請求項1乃至請求項
5のいずれかの一に記載の補強梁取付構造で連結されて
いることを特徴とするユニット建物。
6. A pillar standing at four corners of a rectangular shape, a floor beam connecting the lower end of the pillar along a rectangular side, and a ceiling connecting the upper end of the pillar along a rectangular side. 6. A unit building in which a plurality of building units each having a skeleton composed of beams are assembled, wherein a floor beam or a ceiling beam facing the building unit and an adjacent building unit are opposite to each other. A unit building connected by the reinforcing beam mounting structure according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
【請求項7】 矩形状の四隅に立設した柱と、この柱の
下端部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結した床梁と、柱の上端
部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結した天井梁とからなる骨格
を有する建物ユニットの複数個を組み立てたユニット建
物であって、前記下階の建物ユニットの天井梁および上
階の床梁と、対向する隣の下階の建物ユニットの天井梁
および上階の床梁とが、高さが天井梁と床梁の合計にほ
ぼ等しい補強梁を使用して、請求項1乃至請求項5のい
ずれかの一に記載の補強梁取付構造で連結されているこ
とを特徴とするユニット建物。
7. A pillar erected at four corners of a rectangular shape, a floor beam having its lower end connected along a rectangular side, and a ceiling having its upper end connected along a rectangular side. A unit building in which a plurality of building units each having a skeleton composed of beams are assembled, wherein the ceiling beam and the upper floor beam of the lower-floor building unit and the ceiling beam of a lower adjacent building unit facing the lower-floor building unit 6. A reinforcing beam mounting structure according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a reinforcing beam having a height substantially equal to the sum of the ceiling beam and the floor beam is used to connect the floor beams on the upper floor. Unit building characterized by being done.
【請求項8】 矩形状の四隅に立設した柱と、この柱の
下端部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結した床梁と、柱の上端
部を矩形状の辺に沿って連結した天井梁とからなる骨格
を有する建物ユニットの複数個を組み立てたユニット建
物であって、前記建物ユニットの4個が突き合わされた
場所の柱が省略された柱省略角部を備え、この柱省略角
部を通過する補強梁を使用して、請求項1乃至請求項5
のいずれかの一に記載の補強梁取付構造で連結されてい
ることを特徴とするユニット建物。
8. A pillar having four pillars erected at four corners of a rectangular shape, a floor beam having a lower end portion connected along a rectangular side, and a ceiling having an upper end portion of the pillar connected along a rectangular side. A unit building in which a plurality of building units each having a skeleton composed of beams are assembled, comprising a column omitted corner portion in which a column at a place where four of the building units are abutted is omitted. Claim 1 to Claim 5 using a reinforcing beam passing through
A unit building connected by the reinforcing beam mounting structure according to any one of the above.
JP10290917A 1998-10-13 1998-10-13 Reinforcing beam fitting construction and unit building Pending JP2000120172A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP10290917A JP2000120172A (en) 1998-10-13 1998-10-13 Reinforcing beam fitting construction and unit building

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP10290917A JP2000120172A (en) 1998-10-13 1998-10-13 Reinforcing beam fitting construction and unit building

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2000120172A true JP2000120172A (en) 2000-04-25

Family

ID=17762192

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP10290917A Pending JP2000120172A (en) 1998-10-13 1998-10-13 Reinforcing beam fitting construction and unit building

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2000120172A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20020028612A (en) * 2000-10-11 2002-04-17 유인균 construction method of unit house
JP2011006987A (en) * 2009-06-29 2011-01-13 Toyota Home Kk Unit building

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20020028612A (en) * 2000-10-11 2002-04-17 유인균 construction method of unit house
JP2011006987A (en) * 2009-06-29 2011-01-13 Toyota Home Kk Unit building

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